30/01/2016 World News Today


30/01/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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broadcasting in the UK and around the world.

:00:07.:00:09.

At least 39 people drown trying to reach Europe,

:00:10.:00:15.

in the latest migrant boat disaster off the Turkish coast.

:00:16.:00:18.

16 more people are reported to have died of starvation,

:00:19.:00:21.

a stark reminder of the importance of peace talks.

:00:22.:00:29.

We are here to make this a success, we are ready to start negotiation.

:00:30.:00:36.

At least we should see something on the ground in Syria. We should stop

:00:37.:00:41.

these massacres against our people. The number of people infected

:00:42.:00:44.

with the Zika virus in Colombia women are being advised

:00:45.:00:47.

to avoid getting pregnant Serena Williams loses

:00:48.:00:50.

the Australian Open final The plight of migrants escaping war

:00:51.:00:54.

in Syria shows no signs of abating. After five years of violence

:00:55.:01:13.

there are more risks than ever Those inside the country face

:01:14.:01:16.

fighting and major food shortages. The medical charity MSF says 16

:01:17.:01:20.

more people have starved to death in the town of Madaya,

:01:21.:01:22.

since the UN aid convey gained For those trying to

:01:23.:01:25.

leave there are other risks and uncertainty,

:01:26.:01:32.

and Syrians are among those who have The news at least 39 people

:01:33.:01:34.

including five children have drowned as they crossed the sea

:01:35.:01:46.

between Turkey and Greece shows just how desperate

:01:47.:01:50.

these people are. It comes as a team of negotiators

:01:51.:01:52.

representing Syria's main opposition groups makes its at to UN sponsored

:01:53.:01:55.

peace talks in Geneva, though the umbrella group

:01:56.:01:57.

representing the opposition has threatened to withdraw before

:01:58.:01:59.

they even get started. But first Mark Lowen reports

:02:00.:02:03.

on the latest migrant deaths VOICEOVER: What remains of a death

:02:04.:02:08.

trap for the desperate, it carried 120 but was

:02:09.:02:17.

meant for far fewer, dozens onboard drowned

:02:18.:02:22.

when the vessel capsized off the western coast of Turkey,

:02:23.:02:24.

just miles from the Greek most of the pictures are too

:02:25.:02:26.

graphic to show. The casualties were from Syria,

:02:27.:02:37.

Afghanistan and Myanmar, He is asked, don't

:02:38.:02:46.

you have a conscience? he says he was onboard and had

:02:47.:02:59.

six relatives. He says he does not know

:03:00.:03:06.

if they were alive and he wanted Typically the migrant task

:03:07.:03:09.

with driving the boat is caught and the big smuggling

:03:10.:03:13.

bosses are never found. have already made the journey

:03:14.:03:15.

to Greece this month, Here, Italian coastguards

:03:16.:03:24.

spot a group of the Scuba divers are sent

:03:25.:03:28.

in to the rescue. Gradually they are

:03:29.:03:31.

pulled in, Strong winds and freezing seas

:03:32.:03:37.

are still not deterring those who risk their lives

:03:38.:03:40.

dreaming of a new one. STUDIO: Staying inside Syria is not

:03:41.:03:44.

an option for many civilians, the latest deaths from starvation

:03:45.:03:53.

highlight that, even so, how to help those still inside Syria

:03:54.:03:55.

has been one of the main stumbling blocks in the UN-sponsored peace

:03:56.:03:58.

talks underway in Geneva. The BBC's Imogen Foulkes

:03:59.:04:00.

has the story. VOICEOVER: Syria's war has

:04:01.:04:02.

lasted five long years. At least one quarter of a million

:04:03.:04:04.

Syrians have been killed, 13 million have been

:04:05.:04:06.

driven from their homes, After months of trying

:04:07.:04:08.

and a lot of false starts, the United Nations has

:04:09.:04:18.

persuaded the Syrian government and the opposition to come

:04:19.:04:20.

to Geneva to talk. TRANSLATION: The Syrian people

:04:21.:04:30.

are waiting for rapid results, especially regarding

:04:31.:04:39.

the humanitarian crisis. They need the delivery of aid

:04:40.:04:41.

supplies to besieged areas, we also need to solve pending issues

:04:42.:04:43.

like detainees, kidnapping, these issues are becoming

:04:44.:04:46.

the top priority, we The goals for these talks are very

:04:47.:04:49.

ambitious: a ceasefire,

:04:50.:04:55.

a transitional government, a new constitution, and finally,

:04:56.:05:14.

UN-supervised elections. Previous attempts to bring peace

:05:15.:05:17.

to Syria have collapsed in failure, United Nations is hoping that this

:05:18.:05:20.

time, the tranquil surroundings of Geneva will have

:05:21.:05:22.

a positive effect. Even if these talks are successful,

:05:23.:05:24.

they will not be quick, we are told to expect six

:05:25.:05:26.

months of painstaking negotiation and even as talks inch

:05:27.:05:29.

towards their start, reports claim of more deaths

:05:30.:05:31.

from hunger, in the besieged city. We know that in many of the besieged

:05:32.:05:34.

areas, people do not They have not had food in weeks.

:05:35.:05:37.

They are emaciated. We have seen people

:05:38.:05:46.

die from starvation. Over the five-year long

:05:47.:05:48.

years of the conflict, the United Nations estimates

:05:49.:05:56.

that life expectancy has fallen from just over 70 years

:05:57.:05:58.

old to just over 50 years old. For people trying

:05:59.:06:01.

to live here, peace STUDIO: We can hear from one of the

:06:02.:06:12.

main spokesman for the main opposition in Syria. This is him,

:06:13.:06:22.

Salem al Maslet, as he arrived in Syria. We are here to get a success,

:06:23.:06:27.

we are ready to start negotiation, but we need to see something on the

:06:28.:06:31.

ground. We need to stop these massacres against our people. These

:06:32.:06:36.

help us save our children, save the remaining children of Syria. We are

:06:37.:06:41.

willing to do anything to put an end to this war. We want to put an end

:06:42.:06:48.

to Isis, to terrorism in Syria. We want to put an end to what this

:06:49.:06:52.

dictatorship is doing. We want to see a new Syria. Coalition bombings

:06:53.:07:02.

continue across Syria. Turkey's president,

:07:03.:07:05.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has warned Russia it will face

:07:06.:07:07.

consequences after alleging that a Russian fighter jet had again

:07:08.:07:09.

violated Turkish airspace. In November, Turkey shot down

:07:10.:07:11.

a Russian plane which it said had A Turkish foreign ministry statement

:07:12.:07:14.

said that in the latest incident on Friday, a Russian pilot

:07:15.:07:18.

was warned in advacne in both -- A Turkish foreign ministry

:07:19.:07:21.

statement said that in the latest a Russian pilot was warned

:07:22.:07:23.

in advance in both

:07:24.:07:31.

English and Russian. The Russian defence ministry has

:07:32.:07:32.

dismissed the claims In Sweden police say a number

:07:33.:07:34.

of masked men have carried out assaults on migrants in the capital,

:07:35.:07:38.

Stockholm. A gang of up to a hundred

:07:39.:07:40.

people, wearing black balaclavas and armbands,

:07:41.:07:42.

marched through the city's main Local reports say they beat-up

:07:43.:07:44.

foreigners and handed out leaflets Sweden is among the EU states

:07:45.:07:48.

with the highest number of refugees Earlier,

:07:49.:07:52.

we spoke to James Savage, Editor of The Local

:07:53.:07:54.

magazine in Stockholm. We asked him what more

:07:55.:07:56.

we knew about the incident. What we know is about 100 masked men

:07:57.:08:01.

gathered in a central part of Stockholm, on Friday evening,

:08:02.:08:06.

handing out leaflets calling for immigrant children to be given the

:08:07.:08:11.

punishment that they deserve. One man was arrested for attacking a

:08:12.:08:15.

plainclothes police officer, no other people have been taken into

:08:16.:08:20.

custody as yet. Witnesses say that they saw masked men hitting

:08:21.:08:25.

foreigners, and targeting people of foreign appearance in the area.

:08:26.:08:28.

In Britain, three people have been arrested in Dover during

:08:29.:08:31.

Far right demonstrators clashed with anti-fascist groups

:08:32.:08:34.

One person suffered a broken arm and five others sustained minor

:08:35.:08:38.

Earlier Maidstone service station was closed when coaches on the way

:08:39.:08:41.

The United Nations has for the first time

:08:42.:08:48.

revealed the nationalities of peacekeepers

:08:49.:08:50.

accused of sexually abusing children in the Central African Republic.

:08:51.:08:52.

The suspects come from Bangladesh, the Democratic Republic

:08:53.:08:54.

Our Africa editor Mary Harper reports.

:08:55.:09:06.

VOICEOVER: The United Nations said more than one third of last year 's

:09:07.:09:14.

alleged cases involve troops in the Central African Republic, revoking

:09:15.:09:20.

anger and disgust in the country, but increasingly within the United

:09:21.:09:24.

Nations itself. It is hard to imagine the outrage that people

:09:25.:09:28.

working for the United Nations and for the causes of peace and security

:09:29.:09:34.

feel when these kinds of allegations come to light.

:09:35.:09:46.

Particularly involving children, so hard to understand. Last year, an

:09:47.:09:54.

independent panel condemned the United Nations approach to the

:09:55.:09:57.

problem, as gross institutional failure. Fresh allegations have also

:09:58.:10:01.

been made against soldiers serving with EU and French intervention

:10:02.:10:09.

forces. A seven-year-old girl said that French troops demanded sex in

:10:10.:10:12.

exchange for biscuits and a bottle of water. TRANSLATION: It is not

:10:13.:10:19.

just girls who are abused, it is all central Africa, the interior is

:10:20.:10:27.

abused. TRANSLATION: They came here to help us, we were in a difficult

:10:28.:10:32.

situation, instead of helping us, they aggravated the situation.

:10:33.:10:38.

International troops have been in the C a R since 2013, their mission

:10:39.:10:45.

is to protect civilians from sectarian and ethnic violence, which

:10:46.:10:48.

has killed tens of thousands. -- the CAR. The repeated allegations of the

:10:49.:10:53.

sexual abuse of children suggests some of these so-called peacekeepers

:10:54.:10:55.

are adding to the trauma. STUDIO: Brazil is at the forefront

:10:56.:11:02.

of the zika outbreak which the World Health Organisation

:11:03.:11:04.

says is spreading "explosively" More than 20 countries

:11:05.:11:06.

in the Americas are affected. Colombia has released its latest

:11:07.:11:09.

figures on the outbreak which include some suspected but not

:11:10.:11:11.

yet confirmed cases. There are 20,297 people

:11:12.:11:26.

infected with the Zika virus which is spread by mosquitoes

:11:27.:11:29.

who breed in stagnant water. This includes 2,166

:11:30.:11:42.

six pregnant women. It's feared that the virus can lead

:11:43.:11:43.

to babies being born with smaller And the government is warning

:11:44.:11:46.

that there could be six hundred thousand cases to come

:11:47.:11:50.

as the virus spreads Natalio Cosoy joins

:11:51.:11:52.

us now from Colombia. What is the government telling

:11:53.:12:03.

people they can do to help to stop the spread? There is a couple of

:12:04.:12:06.

things, they say that first thing, take pre-emptive measures, try not

:12:07.:12:16.

to leave water stagnant. Use nets. Use repellent for mosquitoes. The

:12:17.:12:21.

other thing they have said, they have told women, if you can, try not

:12:22.:12:26.

to get pregnant for the next six to eight months. They are encouraging

:12:27.:12:32.

as much as they can women to postpone pregnancies if they can.

:12:33.:12:38.

For women that are pregnant already, it is the same measures that they

:12:39.:12:41.

are telling people that they should implement but they are also asking

:12:42.:12:46.

women who are pregnant to go to the doctors as soon as they feel any

:12:47.:12:48.

possible symptom of the disease, to check on them, to see if they

:12:49.:12:54.

actually have the virus or not. There has been called from the World

:12:55.:12:57.

Health Organisation for countries in the Americas to come together to

:12:58.:13:01.

work together to help stop the spread of the virus, do you get any

:13:02.:13:09.

sense that is happening? It is not completely clear yet, there is

:13:10.:13:12.

difference in reporting, for instance, you are seeing many more

:13:13.:13:15.

cases in Colombia because the reporting system is working harder

:13:16.:13:20.

and harder but you are not getting the same number of figures from

:13:21.:13:24.

other countries, from Venezuela, we do not get as much of a clear

:13:25.:13:27.

picture, unless they get together in terms of reporting and informing on

:13:28.:13:31.

the cases, it will be difficult for them to work together. At some point

:13:32.:13:35.

they will end up coming together. Thank you very much for the update.

:13:36.:13:42.

Coming up: blasting into space, the network of satellites capable of

:13:43.:13:48.

beaming back information on natural disasters within minutes.

:13:49.:13:56.

The shuttle Challenger exploded soon after liftoff, seven astronauts on

:13:57.:14:02.

board, one of them a woman schoolteacher, all of them believed

:14:03.:14:04.

to have been killed... Thirty nine people

:14:05.:15:03.

including several children in the latest migrant boat disaster

:15:04.:15:06.

in the Aegean Sea. Health workers in the besieged

:15:07.:15:09.

Syrian town of Madaya say another sixteen people have starved to death

:15:10.:15:12.

since UN aid convoys reached it Dozens more are said to be at risk

:15:13.:15:15.

of death from severe malnutrition. The New York Times Editorial

:15:16.:15:28.

Board has endorsed Hillary Clinton in the race

:15:29.:15:29.

for the Democratic nomination This comes as the State Department

:15:30.:15:32.

has said that it will not allow some of Hillary Clinton's private

:15:33.:15:36.

emails to be released, because they contain information it

:15:37.:15:39.

considers "top secret." It applies to seven email chains

:15:40.:15:42.

in an unsecured account used by Mrs Clinton

:15:43.:15:44.

when she was Secretary of State. Our Washington correspondent

:15:45.:15:46.

Laura Bicker reports. VOICEOVER: The campaign continues,

:15:47.:15:52.

but so does the controversy. Hillary Clinton has tried to end

:15:53.:15:54.

the endless questions about her use of a private e-mail account

:15:55.:15:57.

while Secretary of State, 22 messages she either sent

:15:58.:15:59.

or received from her home account have now been classified

:16:00.:16:03.

as top secret. They were not at the time

:16:04.:16:04.

she dealt with them, but the State Department is looking

:16:05.:16:07.

at whether they should have been. I can confirm that as part of this

:16:08.:16:13.

monthly production of former the State Department will be denying

:16:14.:16:18.

in full seven e-mail chains

:16:19.:16:25.

found in 22 documents, at the request of the intelligence

:16:26.:16:26.

community because they contain

:16:27.:16:41.

a category of top-secret

:16:42.:16:43.

information. These documents were not marked

:16:44.:16:44.

classified at the time Hillary Clinton has always said

:16:45.:16:46.

she's done nothing wrong, that using her private e-mail

:16:47.:16:49.

account was simply convenient. But the public were drip-fed her

:16:50.:16:51.

e-mails over months and, finally, there was an

:16:52.:16:54.

expression of regret. Looking back, it would have been

:16:55.:16:55.

better for me to use two separate I thought using one device would be

:16:56.:16:58.

simpler, and obviously it hasn't In Iowa, the Clinton

:16:59.:17:02.

campaign reacted swiftly, calling for the e-mails to be

:17:03.:17:09.

made public, saying this It's unlikely to harm

:17:10.:17:11.

her core support. has already said he is sick

:17:12.:17:16.

of hearing about her e-mails. But Republican opponents

:17:17.:17:23.

are unlikely to play by those rules and saying her actions

:17:24.:17:25.

were, at the very least, has launched the first of a planned

:17:26.:17:27.

network of telecoms satellites. They'll send images back to earth

:17:28.:17:48.

much faster than has been It's hoped the European Data

:17:49.:17:50.

Relay System, or EDRS, will provide emergency

:17:51.:18:01.

services around the globe with information on natural

:18:02.:18:02.

disasters within minutes. On the line now

:18:03.:18:05.

from Leiden in the Netherlands of this project at the

:18:06.:18:11.

European Space agency. Michael Witting, how long does it

:18:12.:18:28.

take at the moment? It typically takes images, and they have about a

:18:29.:18:32.

contact time of ten minutes per 100 minute orbit, to relay it. In the

:18:33.:18:41.

worst case, you have to wait 100 minutes. So, give me an example, of

:18:42.:18:45.

how this would work, let's say that there is a huge unprecedented flood

:18:46.:18:51.

in the United Kingdom. How would these satellite help people back on

:18:52.:18:56.

Earth? What we are doing is relaying the data, the satellite data, and we

:18:57.:19:06.

transfer it with a high-speed laser link. It is on the ground within

:19:07.:19:13.

minutes compared to 100 minutes, and we have a rescue team, and emergency

:19:14.:19:17.

health team on the ground -- help team. In case of flooding, we would

:19:18.:19:22.

have the data to the team within minutes, giving you a big advantage.

:19:23.:19:27.

Flooding can destroy roads and bridges and houses I guess. Will

:19:28.:19:33.

this be used solely for natural disasters to get better emergency

:19:34.:19:36.

responses to what is going on, or can it be used for other things as

:19:37.:19:42.

well? I cannot speak for other uses but it is certainly very useful for

:19:43.:19:48.

many other applications. Ships moving through polar ice, ice sheets

:19:49.:19:53.

move very quickly. If you want to go through where I see breaking up,

:19:54.:19:57.

Betty to know in minutes rather than two hours later. It is not really

:19:58.:20:04.

disaster application. But it is very important for ship navigation. Is

:20:05.:20:08.

this something that the European Space Agency is particularly proud

:20:09.:20:13.

of, are we ahead of the curve in impaired to Americans by using laser

:20:14.:20:20.

technology? We are very proud, this is cutting edge, the most cutting

:20:21.:20:26.

edge in the world, we do it by laser beam, high data rates. The Americans

:20:27.:20:29.

have a similar system to the last couple of years which uses a classic

:20:30.:20:38.

radio frequency technology, but you can also see that if you use optical

:20:39.:20:42.

communication, eavesdropping, as well as jamming the signal, is very

:20:43.:20:49.

difficult. An terms of security it is a real step ahead. Who would have

:20:50.:20:57.

thought this, some people may have thought that the space race no

:20:58.:20:59.

longer exists! Shocking tennis news coming up for

:21:00.:21:06.

many fans of Serena Williams, we have the sports news for you.

:21:07.:21:23.

to beat the 21-time Champion, Serena Williams.

:21:24.:21:32.

Serena Williams was seeking her seventh Australian open title and

:21:33.:21:40.

22nd overall, seventh-seeded Angelique Kerber, however, would not

:21:41.:21:43.

be an done by the occasion of her first grand slam final, breaking

:21:44.:21:48.

twice in the first set, Williams made 23 unforced errors. Not many

:21:49.:21:54.

people dared to challenge Serena Williams to a game of baseline

:21:55.:21:58.

tennis, but Angelique Kerber did just that, she was rewarded with the

:21:59.:22:06.

opening set. She began to get her timing back and made less errors as

:22:07.:22:12.

she raced out to a 4-1 lead in the second, but the power return of the

:22:13.:22:18.

American was back in business. The world number one send the match into

:22:19.:22:21.

a decider, when Angelique Kerber hit an easy looking for hand straight

:22:22.:22:29.

into the net. -- forehand. Both players suffered early breaks in the

:22:30.:22:31.

third set, the championship was beginning to tip in favour of the

:22:32.:22:35.

German, she managed to take a 4-2 lead. She extended that to 5-2 and

:22:36.:22:40.

was serving for the title before Williams fought back. Angelique

:22:41.:22:45.

Kerber was inspired and went on to clinch a first grand slam title,

:22:46.:22:49.

completing victory after two hours, eight minutes. The German in

:22:50.:22:51.

disbelief on Rod Laver arena. I wish try to believe in myself,

:22:52.:23:07.

when I won the first set against Victoria Azarenka, I am a good

:23:08.:23:11.

player, and I can show it on the big courts. I was not playing very well

:23:12.:23:15.

last year on the big tournaments, but the first big tournaments of the

:23:16.:23:19.

year here, and I have won it, it is my first grand slam! It sounds crazy

:23:20.:23:24.

but I can say that I am a grand slam champion now! -- The seventh seed

:23:25.:23:29.

said she had spent her whole life working for this moment after she

:23:30.:23:32.

beat the world number one and defending champion, Serena Williams

:23:33.:23:33.

to claim the Australian Open. Kerber becomes Germanyt's first Major

:23:34.:23:35.

winner since her childhood idol Steffi Graf.

:23:36.:23:42.

STUDIO: There was success in the men's doubles

:23:43.:23:44.

for Brazilian Bruno Soarez and Jamie Murray.

:23:45.:23:46.

The pair, who were playing in their first Grand Slam

:23:47.:23:48.

to beat Daniel Nester and Radek Stepanek.

:23:49.:23:51.

There we no major upsets in the 13 ties played in the fourth

:23:52.:23:55.

all of the favourites progressing to the last 16 of the world's

:23:56.:23:59.

The holders Arsenal were drawing 1-all at half time

:24:00.:24:02.

against second tier side Burnley but they are through thanks

:24:03.:24:04.

to an Alexis Sanchez winner at the Emirates.

:24:05.:24:06.

Manchester City had a very comfortable 4-nil win

:24:07.:24:12.

at the Premier League's bottom side Aston Villa.

:24:13.:24:17.

Kelechi Iheanacho scored a hat-trick, with record signing

:24:18.:24:19.

Raheem Sterling grabbing the other goal at Villa Park.

:24:20.:24:22.

Tottenham Hotspur are also safely through to the fifth

:24:23.:24:25.

round after they beat third tier side Colchester United.

:24:26.:24:27.

Nacer Chadli scored twice for Spurs, Eric Dier and Thomas Carroll also

:24:28.:24:30.

scored in the comfortable 4-1 win for Mauricio Pochettino's side.

:24:31.:24:32.

Branden Grace produced a superb display to become the first player

:24:33.:24:36.

to successfully defend the Qatar Masters in

:24:37.:24:37.

Grace began the final round two shots behind former

:24:38.:24:49.

Open champion Paul Lawrie,

:24:50.:24:50.

who was seeking his third victory at the Doha Golf Club.

:24:51.:24:53.

Lawrie had won on six of the seven occasions where he held the lead

:24:54.:24:56.

after the third round but he couldn't manage it this time.

:24:57.:24:59.

Grace shot four birdies and one bogey to finish 14 under par,

:25:00.:25:02.

two shots ahead of Denmark's Thorbjorn Olesen and Spain's Rafael

:25:03.:25:04.

STUDIO: The latest sinkhole spotting, one has turned up in the

:25:05.:25:12.

US state of Oregon. It opened up because of heavy rain, it is

:25:13.:25:15.

believed, last month, it has not swallowed any vehicles, and there

:25:16.:25:20.

have been no injuries but it is big, repairs could take eight weeks.

:25:21.:25:25.

Detours will be in place for most places for sometime! The police in

:25:26.:25:28.

Turkey say they've recovered a stolen Picasso painting in an

:25:29.:25:29.

undercover operation. It's believed to be a1 1940 painting

:25:30.:25:49.

of Pablo Picasso's muse -- Dora Maar -- titled "woman dressing her hair".

:25:50.:25:51.

It's believed to have been stolen from a collector in New York and

:25:52.:25:54.

Turkish police mounted a sting operation in Istanbul to get it

:25:55.:25:56.

back. If you have a story or a sinkhole that we have not

:25:57.:25:59.

spotted(!), get in touch with us. That is it from the world today.

:26:00.:26:01.

Thank you for watching.

:26:02.:26:07.

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