13/02/2016 World News Today


13/02/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

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The headlines: A war of words between the US and Russia -

:00:07.:00:12.

Secretary of State John Kerry warns Moscow it must stop targeting

:00:13.:00:15.

legitimate opposition groups in Syria.

:00:16.:00:19.

A big turnout to welcome Pope Francis in Mexico

:00:20.:00:22.

as he challenges the country's leaders to bring 'true justice

:00:23.:00:26.

Brazil's President insists the rapid spread of the Zika virus will not

:00:27.:00:31.

compromise this year's Olympics in Rio.

:00:32.:00:34.

Why there will be no celebrations of romantic love

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on St Valentine's Day in a district in the north west of Pakistan.

:00:39.:00:50.

A war of words has broken out between Russia and the West -

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a day after they agreed a pause in the fighting in Syria.

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At a security conference in Germany, Russia's Prime Minister said

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the West was rekindling the Cold War.

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NATO responded by accusing Moscow of intimidation -

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while the US said Russia was bombing civilians in Syria.

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Russia's jets, still in the skies over Aleppo, still bombing targets

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in the rebel-held East in a divided city. In west Aleppo, President

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Assad and his best friends are in control. And they are popular. The

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Russians are our brothers, this speaker says. They are honest and

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stand behind us along with Iran and Hezbollah. There is praise for Putin

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from this taxi driver. He said he changed the balance of power here.

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And that is the point made here in Munich, too. The vast majority, in

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our opinion, of Russia's attacks have been against legitimate

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opposition groups. To adhere to the agreement that has been made, we

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think it it a call that Russia's targeting changes. Nato's policy

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with regard to Russia remains unfriendly and opaque. One could go

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as far as to say that we have slid back to a new cold war, almost on an

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everyday basis. Last year at this major forum, the main crisis was

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Ukraine. This year it is Syria but the issue hasn't changed, the

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growing power of Russia and how it is calling the shots. The big

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question for world leaders is if they can't resolve major crises

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without Russia, can they find ways to work with it? And they are moving

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on some issues. Trucks are being loaded with aid to ease the

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suffering. If the Munich agreement holds, more aid will soon be on its

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way. But if fighting doesn't stop, and even more terrifying chapter

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will start. As we heard in Lyse's report,

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the agreement reached includes allowing more access

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for humanitarian aid agencies. The BBC has filmed this footage

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of the Syrian Red Crescent leading four trucks into the

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Damascus suburb of Douma. Which is currently controlled

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by opposition forces but besieged The district has seen fierce

:03:20.:03:22.

fighting between the two sides. The opposition says there is a dire

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shortage of food and medicine in Douma but the Syrian government

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disputes that and says it has Here's what the Syrian Red

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Crescent had to say. We have in our fourth trucks, as you

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see, these trucks, we have chronic diseases, it is coming from WHO. And

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we have vaccinations. From the Ministry of health in Syria. Add we

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have other things. And we have meat powder for children.

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On his first full day in Mexico, Pope Francis has called

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on the country's leaders to combat drug crime.

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He warned that a society driven by greed and selfishness was fertile

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The Pontiff was cheered by huge crowds as he travelled

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After a day of making history in Cuba, Pope Francis was

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enthusiastically welcomed by the Mexicans. The screams of excitement

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has not abated. Is that it is morning talking to the crowds

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outside his residence. He made his way to the National Palace, streets

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lined with Mexicans charting his name. This is Pope Francis first

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trip to Mexico. As a fellow Latin American, many people here see him

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as one of their own. But more than that, big expectations are being

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pinned on this trip that what he says and does could have a big

:05:13.:05:19.

impact on the country's politics. We love the Pope! Later on Saturday, he

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will make his way to the Pacific of the virgin of whether Lupe. This is

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the highlight for many, people travelling from farther away.

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Carmine slept overnight to get a good spot to see the Pope.

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TRANSLATION: I cannot explain it, it is incredible. For us, he is a

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representative of Christ and he has come to give us a message of peace

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and mercy at a time when our country is giving a different time. Ritter

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was given six months to live. But she survived, thanks to a miracle

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and has travelled to Los Angeles to give thanks to the Pope and the

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virgin. For many here, the excitement masks a wider

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disillusionment among Mexicans, the feeling that the government has not

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done enough to curb the violence and corruption that has become such a

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problem here. We Mexicans are fed up with violence and corruption. We are

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looking for alternatives, both Catholics and the non-X. We hope the

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Pope can be an ingredient in the creation of this huge coalition. The

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Pope talked about the dangers of a society driven by greed and

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selfishness. TRANSLATION: Sooner or later, society becomes fertile

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terrain for drug trafficking, the exclusion of different cultures,

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violins and even kidnapping and death. The journey for some pilgrims

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have been harder for some than others. It is a long night for some

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who waited in the cold but that is not important, everybody here is

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celebrating the Pope. Brazil's president has insisted

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that the Zika virus will not More than 220,000 soldiers have been

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deployed across Brazil to warn Authorities are investigating almost

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4,000 cases of birth defects in babies - which could be

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linked to the virus. Speaking in Rio, President Rousseff

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said that everyone must play part in fighting the mosquito

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responsible for spreading Zika. The government is going to do its

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bit and so is the mayor, the governors and the armed forces. But

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none of our actions will work if the population is not with us. Fighting

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for the sake of our children. Our Brazil correspondent Wyre Davies

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gave us more details It is interesting that a

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disproportionately large of the 200,000 troops on the streets of

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Brazil have been focused on the city of Rio de Janeiro and that is

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because of the Olympic Games later this year. The president is adamant

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the Zika virus will not be out to jeopardise the league games. That is

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why so much of the effort the government is putting in to try and

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combat Zika virus and the mosquito which carries the violets is being

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focused here in Rio de Janeiro. Any suggestion that the gains could be

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called off, the president is keen to avoid that. The outbreak has caused

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considerable alarm. How much confidence is there that it can be

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dealt with by the Olympics games? That is a good question. I think the

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limits are taking place in the winter time here. They are putting a

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great deal of faith here and that the mosquito will be less active

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during the winter. They are a long way off finding out exactly how the

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virus works on the human body. They think, but they are not sure, but

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this causal link between Zika virus and microcephaly, the damaging

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condition in infants. Also another condition which is paralysing. All

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of these things are being blamed on the Zika virus and they haven't yet

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got a vaccine. Developing and producing a vaccine can take a long

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time so they are hoping they can keep the mosquito down by the time

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the lyrics are here. But any suggestion that it will be

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completely eradicated and the Zika virus will be defeated by the time

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the Lebanese comes around, is rather fanciful. The government has come

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under criticism for not getting on top of this virus earlier. What are

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your thoughts? It is difficult to criticise them for not getting onto

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but the virus because it has only been imprisoned for just over a

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year. In that space of time, more than 1 million resilience have been

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infected by it. You cannot blame them for the appearance of the

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virus. But they can be blamed for not getting on top of the mosquito

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which carries Zika virus because it also carries the dinky virus. The

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government deserves criticism for not having got on top of that virus

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which we knew was around and we need the mosquito was carrying that, the

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same mosque either that also delivers mosque Ito -- Zika virus.

:10:39.:10:41.

The Somali Islamist group, al-Shabab, says it was behind a bomb

:10:42.:10:44.

attack earlier this month that blasted a hole in the fuselage

:10:45.:10:47.

The suspected bomber was the only person killed by the explosion

:10:48.:10:50.

Hundreds of people have gathered at a hospital in Australia,

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to show their support for doctors, refusing to release a baby girl

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They say the child will not be discharged until a

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She suffered serious burns at an offshore migrant centre

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The US Senate has supported a plan to name a plaza in Washington

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after the Chinese Nobel Peace Prize winner, Liu Xiaobo.

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Mr Liu is a pro-democracy dissident and the plaza lies in front

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The White House said that President Obama would

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A medieval ship has been raised after half a millennium of resting

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A team of construction workers stumbled upon the 20 metre long

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vessel when they were preparing to excavate the port

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From the Netherlands, Anna Holligan sent this report.

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Buried deep beneath the sand and silt, a 15th century trading vessel

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that once sailed the North and Baltic Seas. This animation shows

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how archaeologists used a specially constructed metal frame and straps

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to act as a harness. It is rare to find a medieval vessel so remarkably

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well preserved. Even the brick oven and glazed tiles on the Maria deck

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are still intact. Experts say the metal joints make her more robust

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than most ships of the same Iran and meant they could use a remote

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control to slowly bring her to the surface. Once we lifted it enough to

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measure the weight which was 40 times, we knew we had a stable

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situation and could carry on lifting. The delicate wreck has been

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called something after the River Delta where she lay undiscovered for

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500 years. She has been taken to a heritage centre where she will be

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restored to her ancient glory and kept wet at all times to ensure she

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never crumbles. Still to come:

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Latest sports news this time at the hands

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of struggling Sunderland. This is BBC world News. The latest

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headlines. A war of words between the US and Russia as Secretary of

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State John Kerry warns Moscow it must stop targeting legitimate

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opposition groups in Syria. Let's stay with Syria now -

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thousands of people are still stranded on the border with Turkey

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and in desperate need of help. Let's just remind ourselves how

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this latest humanitarian The Munich agreement should make it

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easier for humanitarian agencies to reach the people

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in need inside Syria. But the situation on the ground

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makes access difficult, as Misty Buswell from the charity

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Save the Children explains. It is really unclear how this is

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going to work. We need to have a lot more detail than we also need to

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make sure that this is not just going to be one-off convoys. A few

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weeks ago, we actually had people starving to death and two convoys

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able to get in, so not sufficient to help the situation there. What we

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need is sustained humanitarian access and not one-off convoys but

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right now we don't have any idea what this will look like. What is

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your thought that a humanitarian access is being agreed alongside a

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pause in the fighting, very much part of the political bartering

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here? It is unfortunate that it has taken this kind of agreement to

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ensure or even discuss aid getting into besieged areas. Aid should not

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be used as a bargaining chip. People have a right to get food when they

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are starving, they have a right to health care, basic humanitarian aid.

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So, it is very worrying that it has taken this kind of political

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negotiation to get the issue a few and tearing access on the table. We

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are talking about quite dangerous conditions that aid workers with no

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guarantee that all sides will honour this pause and fighting. That is

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right. We just don't know what this will look like right now. Anything

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that brings a pause or stop to the violence is potentially a positive

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thing but we don't know what it is going to look like. We don't know

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whether all parties are going to agree to this. And we don't know

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whether it is actually going to make a difference on the ground. Over the

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last few weeks, we have seen a massive escalation in the conflict

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in the north, around Aleppo, but also in the South, with lots of

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people forced to move to flee the fighting. And the situation has

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become so insecure that aid agencies have even had to stop their

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programming and have not been able to respond in some areas to the

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people who really desperately needed. So, you know, at this point,

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we just don't know what is going to happen.

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Now let's get all the sports news. Sunderland have beaten

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Manchester United at the Stadium Of Light for the first

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time in the Premier League era - boosting their survival hopes

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and increasing the pressure Wahbi Khazri put Sam

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Allardyce's side ahead after three minutes

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with a free-kick. Anthony Martial levelled

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but the Black Cats won it when Lamine Kone's header went

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in via a deflection off David de Gea In the late game Chelsea thrashed

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Newcastle 5-1 to pile A big blow. I said we have to win

:19:52.:20:08.

this match because we have to be in the race for the top four positions

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in the league. And then you have to win these kinds of matches. But I

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think we can only blame ourselves. In the late game Chelsea thrashed

:20:15.:20:20.

Newcastle 5-1 to pile Elsewhere today there

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were wins for Stoke, Norwich threw away a two goal lead

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against West Ham with it finishing In Spanish football,

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Gary Neville's Valencia are playing The home side trailed

:20:32.:20:34.

at half time but now lead 2-1 in what would be Neville's

:20:35.:20:38.

first league win for the club. Earlier Real Madrid were 4-2 winners

:20:39.:20:43.

over Athletic Bilbao to move a point behind leaders Barcelona,

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who have two games in hand. And a meeting of the top two

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in Italy at the moment, with Juventus taking

:20:52.:20:56.

on leaders Napoli in Turin. Ireland's hopes of a third

:20:57.:20:58.

successive Six Nations title are all but gone after a 10-9 defeat

:20:59.:21:05.

to France in Paris.Ireland posed most of the attacking threat

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in the first half but poor handling meant they had to settle for a 9-3

:21:10.:21:11.

lead courtesy of three Johnny Sexton Maxime Medard's 70th minute try set

:21:12.:21:16.

France up for victory, their first over the Irish in five

:21:17.:21:20.

years to take them top of the table. It was hard having no wins for the

:21:21.:21:38.

first two games. I think Fox ask, we are probably looking at the second

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half that we just didn't quite get the dominance we had in the first.

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It is hard, you know, with the question. But we look at that as a

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massive missed opportunity for us. Wales came from behind in the second

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half to beat Scotland 27-23, in a great match under

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the roof in Cardiff. Wales move into second

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on the table with three points, Big when new Scotland would turn up.

:22:02.:22:20.

We knew it would be a tough challenge. It is a tough six Nations

:22:21.:22:24.

this year. I think it is wide open. And that's because Australia's

:22:25.:22:31.

Adam Voges has bettered Sir Donald Bradman's

:22:32.:22:35.

test cricket average, for now, to more than 100

:22:36.:22:41.

in the first Test against Usman Khawaja hit 140

:22:42.:22:44.

as Australia closed on 463 for 6... Voges is 176 not out and moved ahead

:22:45.:22:49.

of Bradman - whose career average of 99-point-94 from 52 Tests -

:22:50.:22:54.

WAS the best of all time. Voges' average is 100.33,

:22:55.:23:00.

although that will drop if he doesn't score any more runs,

:23:01.:23:02.

in his 19th Test innings. To Pakistan now: The President,

:23:03.:23:05.

Mamnoon Hussain, has denounced St Valentine's Day, saying

:23:06.:23:12.

the festival has no connection He was speaking a day after Kohat

:23:13.:23:14.

district in the conservative north-west announced a ban

:23:15.:23:20.

on all sales of Peshawar has also

:23:21.:23:23.

banned celebrations. But the moves have divided

:23:24.:23:29.

opinion in the country. Our South Asia Editor,

:23:30.:23:32.

Charles Haviland reports. The day which originated in the

:23:33.:23:45.

Christian church and celebrates romantic love is celebrated this

:23:46.:23:53.

Sunday. Conservative Muslim Pakistanis view Federico 14th as

:23:54.:23:57.

detrimental to traditional marriage. One newspaper report called at a

:23:58.:24:01.

festival of 70. The local authorities in co-hat on Friday

:24:02.:24:10.

ordered police to stamp out any sale of Valentines merchandiser in the

:24:11.:24:16.

nearby city of Peshawar, where Valentine's Day is perhaps

:24:17.:24:19.

surprisingly popular, the council passed a resolution to ban

:24:20.:24:22.

celebration of what it calls the useless day. Then, the president,

:24:23.:24:27.

seen here on a recent visit to China, told a student gathering that

:24:28.:24:31.

Valentine's Day belonged to Western tradition and convicted --

:24:32.:24:37.

conflicted with modern culture -- Muslim culture. We don't have to

:24:38.:24:43.

express love on this particular day. Love for your mother, wife,

:24:44.:24:46.

brothers, etc, that is an everyday thing. Why should we wait until

:24:47.:24:50.

Valentine's Day to express such love. This day comes only once a

:24:51.:24:55.

year. Those who are in love get to meet and sometimes get chance to

:24:56.:25:00.

propose on this day so we should celebrated and that is why I'm

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celebrating. Disagreements over St Valentine's Day in the past spurred

:25:05.:25:11.

violence. But it has continued to appeal to many Pakistanis, including

:25:12.:25:15.

for commercial reasons. Indeed, late on Friday came the news that both

:25:16.:25:20.

the ban and the resolution in Peshawar are being disregarded.

:25:21.:25:25.

Police and civil officials say the anti-Valentine measures are both

:25:26.:25:26.

unpopular and illegal. A reminder of our top story. The US

:25:27.:25:35.

Secretary of State John Kerry has said Russia needs to changes policy

:25:36.:25:40.

are best legs in Syria to keep an agreement to end the war. He told a

:25:41.:25:45.

conference in Munich that Russian forces were mainly bombing

:25:46.:25:48.

legitimate opposition groups. If you want to get in touch with me, Du

:25:49.:25:54.

Cann, via twitter. That is it for now. Thank you for being with the

:25:55.:25:55.

programme.

:25:56.:25:59.

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