12/02/2016 World News Today


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broadcasting in the UK and around the world.


I'm Tim Willcox. The headlines:


World powers agree to push for a temporary halt to the fighting


in Syria to relieve besieged towns, but President Assad says


Pope meets Patriarch - the heads of the Roman Catholic


and the Russian Orthodox churches are to hold their first talks


Also coming up, Britain's Independent newspaper


is to disappear from newsstands next month


And a Japanese MP behind a national debate about paternity leave


resigns, after having an affair while his wife was pregnant.


Russian warplanes have been in action over Syria again today,


just hours after major powers agreed on a pause in fighting.


Officially the so-called cessation of hostilities is due to begin


in a week's time, but the UN says aid deliveries


to some besieged areas inside Syria could begin


The agreement reached in Germany came shortly after


President Bashar al Assad said he intends to fight on


until he's brought the whole country back under his control.


Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet reports.


Syria's biggest, once beautiful city, now broken.


This month tens of thousands are fleeing Russia's bombing there.


Moscow says it is striking so-called Islamic State.


The West says it is aiding the Syrian military


Now, the world's most powerful diplomats emerged to say they had


We have agreed to implement a nationwide cessation


of hostilities to begin in a target of one week's time.


That's ambitious but everybody is determined to move as rapidly


Russia's Sergey Lavrov signalled an intention to move


But the doubts became clearer, most of all about Russia's intentions.


It is possible that the Russians had limited military objectives and have


largely achieved them and are now ready to see a scaling down


of military activity, but we won't know that until we see


Today Syria's rebel leaders are raising objections.


So did President Assad who spoke before the deal was done.


We have fully believed in negotiations and political actions


since the beginning of the crisis. If we negotiate,


it does not mean we will Two tracks are inevitable in Syria,


first through negotiation and second The two tracks are


separate from each other. This war is also a major


humanitarian crisis. The Munich deal means that


government and rebel forces must let aid enter areas where


people are starving. Imagine we have several convoys


for several days and repeated it Do you think this


is a turning point? Strong words have emerged here


in Munich, but great scepticism too. The next week will make it clear


whether this was a major breakthrough that can help ease


the suffering of Syrian civilians or whether it is another major


setback that will make Well, as that agreement


was being reached in Munich - today US Defence Secretary


Ash Carter was participating After the discussions he said


he expected Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates


to provide special operations forces to help Syrian opposition fighters


battling so called Islamic State. Secretary Carter sat down


exclusively with What is your reaction to what has


happened in Geneva? This agreement in principle for a cessation of


hostilities. John Kerry has done great work to try and ease the


suffering, the terrible suffering of the Syrian people, and ultimately to


put a political end to the civil War in Syria. I want to make clear,


there is no cessation of hostilities in the war against Isil. All the


countries here are agreed to step up their efforts to accelerate their


efforts, we want to get Isil defeated. Especially and initially


in Iraq and Syria. As soon as possible. You have 50 countries, all


of them saying that they would do more, just like the United States,


President Obama has pledged to more. Do you trust the Russians? This is


an agreement with them, the same who have been main moderate rebels when


they say they are bombing extremists. They have killed


civilians, they are strengthening Assad's and? They were way off


track, they have been from the beginning. But we will see, weather


they implement the agreement he signed up with. We will just see.


That is what they said they would do. We will see if they do it. More


broadly in sera, they said they were going to come in and fight Isil,


they did not. Instead they joined the civil War. They fuelled the


Civil War. That was a negative contribution. Let's hope they can


contribute in a positive, humanitarian way. You can understand


people being sceptical, because the Russians have not said they will


stop bombing. It does not go into effect for a week, and we will have


to see whether the Russians actually abide by it or not. But Secretary


Kerry got them to make that commitment, they need to meet that


but we will have to see, as in all things with Russians. You have been


trying to get that coalition to do more. What concrete have you


achieved in Brussels? Two things. They all agree unanimously to the


coalition, military campaign and that the United States devised that


calls out the objectives specifically. Taking Raqqa and Mosul


from Isis. And protecting our homeland, all those aspects, and we


went through all the capabilities that were going to be needed and


what each country could do to increase its contribution. We are


looking to help and enable the Iraqi Army, it is day that took back


Ramadi from Isil with our help. With the help of our excellent UK


partners and other coalition partners. Your intelligence chief


says it will not be until 2017 before you start even contemplating


going for Mosul, is that correct? Our timeline is as soon as we can


possibly do it. The Iraqi Prime Minister himself has said he would


like to get this done this year. We are going to do everything we can to


help him do that. As soon as possible. We need to defeat Isil as


quickly as possible, both in Iraq and Syria, and in other places.


The Pope and the Russian Orthodox Patriarch are meeting in Cuba -


significant because it's the first ever encounter between the heads


of the two churches since they split in the 11th century,


The Vatican has been pushing for such a meeting ever since


the collapse of the Soviet Union, but Moscow had always resisted.


The meeting is being seen as a major step towards warmer relations.


Our correspondent, Will Grant, is in Havana.


Both men now on the ground, a very symbolic burying the hatchet? That's


right. As you mentioned in your introduction, since the 11th


century, we thought the relations were frosty between Cuba and the


United States! It is nothing in comparison to the amount of time


that has passed between the Eastern and Western religions of the


Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic faith. But this is an


important moment for them to be coming together, and Bob Francis,


when he got off the plane and we saw some brief moments of him with the


Patriarch, already mentioned the word brotherhood and I think that is


the driving force of what they are trying to do. They no longer see


this as a time for the Christian faith to be divided, but they should


be coming together, this should be a moment of unity and cooperation, as


so many Christians around the world feel persecuted. Very different men,


very different styles. The church is very different as well. Roman


Catholic priests are celibate, the Russian Orthodox ones are allowed to


marry, for one example. What in concrete terms will this mean on the


ground, and where does it feed into some conflicts like Syria and others


around the world, in terms of that unity of the Christian faith? Well,


that is a good question, and there is a lot of suggestions that the


Russian Orthodox Church is staying very close to President Putin's


foreign policy and that is a key tenet of it, staying close to the


Putin Administration means it has been safe over the past few decades,


as opposed to when it suffered in the wake of the fall of the Berlin


Wall. So I would not want to suggest exactly what this would mean on the


ground in terms of Syria or that kind of conflict. It may be that it


takes so long for this kind of moment of unity to have any real


effect on the ground, but perhaps it just has bolstered people, it makes


the faithful feel they are part of a broader church, and no longer a


church that is at war with itself, or at least divided. I think at this


stage, these big symbolic moments are something about that, but


showing unity in the eyes of the world, and it is down to the


individual priests and parishes and religions to kind of apply it in


their daily life. We'll grant, and you very much.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Thousands of farmers from across Greece have


taken their protest against austerity measures


Fires have broken out among the crowds and there've been


The workers are angry at government plans to increase their taxes.


A five-storey building has collapsed in the centre of Istanbul.


Local news organisations say the building came down


near Istiklal Avenue, a busy pedestrianised street.


The Istanbul Governor has told reporters that noises


from the building alerted people that it was about to collapse,


the area was evacuated and it appears that no-one


European scientists have decided to give up trying to contact


the Philae space robot, which became the first craft


to touch down on a comet more than a year ago.


Philae operated for just 60 hours after an awkward landing.


Contact was briefly re-established with the lander last July


but mission control has now given up hope of any further communication


as the comet heads towards a much colder part of its orbit.


Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come:


A free man taking his first steps into a new South Africa.


Iran's spiritual leader has said he has passed a death sentence on


Salman Rushdie, the British author of a book which many Muslims say is


blasphemous. The people of Haiti have flocked to church to give


thanks for the hosting of the former President. Because of his


considerable value, Shergar was kept in a special secure box. Shergar was


driven away in a horse box that these brought with them. There are


steps down from the plane a figure in mourning. Head of the


Commonwealth, defender of the faith. You are watching BBC World News


today. The headlines. World powers agree to


press for a cessation of hostilities in Syria, President Assad says he


will fight on. And the heads of the Roman Catholic


and Russian Orthodox churches are holding an historic meeting in


Havana, almost 1000 years after a schism divided eastern and Western


Christianity. One of the UK's major newspapers,


the Independent, will be the first The paper was set up


in 1986 and is now owned Falling advertising revenues have


caused much upheaval in the newspaper industry


but Mr Lebedev says there is a growing appetite


for online journalism. The Independent will publish


its final print edition next month. David Uberti from the Columbia


Journalism Review has written Is this the start of a trend, do you


think, over here? There are a lot of online papers in the US. Certainly,


we have seen her trend, especially in our metropolitan newspapers, at


least cutting back on the print delivery service. The theory is that


they reduce overhead costs. Design, printing, delivery, and trying to


target days of the week that maximise the print run. They have


not been any US newspapers that have gone fully digital. The Washington


Post has invested in digital properties and the New York Times


has double that -- doubled down on its subscription. So they are


hybrids. But for the Independent to go fully online, what are the key


facts that they need to concentrate on? Presumably it is keeping that


individual flavour of the newspaper, and funding, the other big issue.


Certainly. Going digital is no panacea. I applaud the Independent


for taking such a radical step. They are probing the unknown whereas


other newspapers have not ventured as far forward. The quest for scale


really requires both focusing on a global audience but also maintaining


your brand and not watering down your journalism. One of the


difficulties with this strategy is that advertising rates in the


digital market are increasingly low, so they might look in the future


towards a digital subscription model to supplant that advertising


revenue. If you want to maintain that campaigning quality of


something like this, presumably if you had funding from subscribers or


crowdfunding or something like that, would it be difficult to maintain


that objectivity? People would be paying for something they wanted to


see and hear. It would be certainly difficult, and to this point we have


not find a long-term answer. The New York Times is the golden standard in


terms of creating a digital subscriber base that gives itself a


lot of revenue. Having said that, it is the best in class. The


Independent will really have to work on making its journalism strong,


having said that, there has not been a newspaper in the US besides the


New York Times that has really made that step. Doesn't mean so the


reporters have to be much more multi-skilled? Having to shoot their


own material as well as writing it. Certainly. We are entering an age


where reporters have to do so many different things, they have to wear


many hats. It is about tweeting, producing the page, the main thing


with digital journalism is it has to be much faster. The market is


different for this sort of journalism. So the Independent has


to shift in that direction. With most of these papers making the


transition, we tend to see very wealthy owners investing


significantly in their digital operations. So I would assume in


this transition to a digital army operation, the owner of the


Independent would invest in its digital side as well and try to


create its own new brand identity in its digital only operation. Thank


you very much indeed. The last hard copy of the Independent next month.


Lizzie Greenwood Hughes has all the sport now.


Fifa's former General Secretary, Jerome Valcke, has been banned


A Fifa ethics committee says it is for a number of offences,


including his part in a World Cup ticket scandal.


But his legal team have accused the committee of not


being a credible, independent or objective


decision-making body, and claim he did nothing wrong.


Earlier I spoke to our Sports News Correspondent Richard Conway,


who explained the ban was originally recommended to be for eight years.


Well, Fifa's Fx adjudicator has increased the ban, the investigators


called for a number of years for lower than 12 but he has given them


12 years. Looking at the litany of offences that Mr Valcke has been


found guilty of, you can see why. Using the private jet that Fifa


sometimes hired for sightseeing is one of the things he has been found


guilty of. Using that to transport himself and his relatives. In


addition, questions over World Cup tickets, also the question of TV and


media rights for the next two Welker best-mac. The Fx adjudicator Fifa


says they tended to be sold for less than the market rate. The worst


thing in the eyes of the investigators was not just the crime


itself but an attended cover-up of what he had done. Several computer


files were said to have been deleted or attempted to have been deleted.


So, Mr Valcke was sacked last month by Fifa and has been banned from all


football activity for 12 years. I think it is the last time we will


see him involved in world football governance.


The President of the International Olympic Committee says he's


confident the Zika virus will not disrupt this summer's Games in Rio.


Thomas Bach says the IOC are taking the issue seriously but


health authorities don't expect the virus to pose a threat.


All the experts agree that given the temperatures, then in the Brazilian


wintertime, when the Games are taking place in August, these will


lead to a very different situation. So, we have confidence, full


confidence in all the many actions being undertaken by the Brazilian


and international authorities and health organisations, and we are


also very confident that then the athletes and spectators will enjoy a


safe conditions in Rio de Janeiro. Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger has


defended the Premier League's pricing structure and says his club


doesn't have a "massive problem". Ticketing costs is a hot topic


in English football and there have been protests at the Emirates


Stadium in the past over pricing. But Wenger is clearly


a fan of the free market. How do you decide what is the right


level of ticket prices, first of all? It is by your attendance. Then


you have been compared many times to foreign clubs. I don't think we are


on the same level ground, for example Bayern Munich. We paid ?220


million for our ground. It is true we get much more television income


but it is down to the audience for the success and the pressure on the


market, we pay the players at a higher price and our expenses would


come up straight the wages. Mark Cavendish has won


cycling's Tour of Qatar, but just missed out on victory


in the 5th and final stage. The sprinter started the day wearing


the leader's gold jersey and put himself in contention to win


the concluding stage. But he was just pipped to the line


by Alexander Kristoff Second place though was good enough


for him to secure Let's take a look at


some other stories now. The Deputy President of Kenya,


William Ruto, has won his appeal against the admissibility of key


evidence in his trial on charges of crimes against


humanity in The Hague. Mr Ruto and a Kenyan journalist


are accused of inciting mass killings in the weeks


after a general election The broadcasting authorities


in Pakistan have condemned a television news channel, ARY,


for airing hate speech directed at the Nobel Peace prize


winner, Malala Yousufzai. The regulator said declaring someone


an enemy of Islam was not the job of TV presenters and could


endanger someone's life. A young Japanese MP who made


headlines last year for his insisting on taking paternity leave,


has quit parliament after confessing to an affair with a bikini model


while his wife was pregnant. Kensuke Miyazaki made


waves inside the ruling Liberal Democratic Party


when he announced he would be the first Japanese MP ever


to take paternity leave. But this week a Japanese magazine


revealed the scandal. From Tokyo,


Rupert Wingfield Hayes reports. Bowing deeply and repeatedly,


Kensuke Miyazaki went before the cameras today to


confess his infidelity. Young, handsome, successful


and apparently a devoted husband, Kensuke Miyazaki had become


the poster boy for those who want Japanese men to do more to help


raise their children. Mr Miyazaki and his wife are both


Members of Parliament for the ruling


Liberal Democratic Party. In December he made headlines


when he announced he would become the first Japanese sitting MP ever


to take paternity leave. In Japan, only 2.3% of new fathers


take paternity leave. The government wants to raise it


to 13% by 2020. I thought that by declaring I wanted


to take paternity leave Instead, Mr Miyazaki is out


of a job and in disgrace. Earlier this week a Japanese scandal


magazine published a story alleging that while his wife was preparing


to give birth in Tokyo, Mr Miyazaki was in his apartment


in Q2 with another woman. There is now concerned from former


supporters that his scandal will be used by those who oppose Japanese


men taking time off to be Japan has one of the most generous


paternity leave systems Men can, in theory, take


up to a year off work, but many bosses still refuse


or threatened meal workers with dismissal or


demotion if they do. Right now, only 2.3%


of Japanese men take President Bashar al-Assad says he


intends to fight on until he has brought the whole country back under


his control. He said defeating the forces opposing him could take a


long time. He also said he would continue fighting what he called


terrorism during any peace process negotiations.


The UN says it up is to be at the start delivering aid to some


besieged areas in Syria within the next 24 hours.


From me, Tim Willcox, and the rest of the team, goodbye.


Good evening. Before we have a look at the weather in the UK, we will


head elsewhere for other weather stories around the world. North


America, some really cold air dumbing down from Canada over the


Great Lakes into the north-east of the US. We disease in colder weather


in northern Florida, threatening some overnight frost, which is not


good use for the growers. Contrast that with the 26 Celsius in Los


Angeles, very warm for the time of year. Even 17 in Denver. Significant


wind-chill for the likes of New England. Then high pressure moves in


on Sunday. But by then, they could develop another error of snow South


of the Great Lakes. Elsewhere, around the Caribbean, and ongoing


drought in Haiti. A few showers around on Sunday but the slow-moving


band of rain stretches from eastern part of Cuba, through Jamaica into


Honduras and Nicaragua. A weather front that could give two or three


inches of rain in the space of a few hours. In Australia, not much sign


of rain, it has all been about the heat in Western Australia. In Perth,


not as hot as it has been but temperatures will rise early next


week and with strong winds, the threat of some further wildfires. A


lot of sunshine across Australia and New Zealand but looking close to new


Caledonia and Fiji, we have two cyclones. The big one is Winston, a


category format. Tatiana has strengthened to a category two. They


are over open water. Unlikely to get as far South as New Zealand. Across


southern parts of Africa, this is as far South as the rain gets at this


of year. Seasonal rains very active. Threatening some flash flooding.


There could be a few welcome showers for the farmers across South Africa.


Likely to turn wetter and more windy later this weekend across northern


parts of Morocco and Algeria. The jet stream now across Europe, is


much further South. That picks up areas of low pressure, which in turn


bring areas of Cloud, rain and in some cases snow. We will find some


more snow over the Alps, most of which has been in the Western Alps.


Really strong winds, and some heavy rain could bring some travel


disruption. For the North East of Europe, the wind is from the South,


very mild air all the way into the Baltic states. Here at home, we have


cold air that will be with us for a while over the course of Monday, a


bitter northerly wind, significant wind-chill, but how long will this


last? Stayed tuned because there is more coming up.


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