12/02/2016 World News Today


12/02/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:00.:00:07.

World powers agree to push for a temporary halt to the fighting

:00:08.:00:11.

in Syria to relieve besieged towns, but President Assad says his forces

:00:12.:00:14.

Pope meets Patriarch - the heads of the Roman Catholic

:00:15.:00:21.

and the Russian Orthodox churches are to hold their first talks

:00:22.:00:23.

Also coming up: The paedophiles using secret groups on Facebook

:00:24.:00:31.

Facebook promises to investigate - the Children's Commissioner

:00:32.:00:34.

for England says the company needs to do more to protect the young.

:00:35.:00:43.

From what we have shown you, are they doing enough? If these are run

:00:44.:00:47.

Facebook today, then, no. If these are run Facebook

:00:48.:00:49.

today, then, no. The Japanese MP behind a national

:00:50.:00:51.

debate about paternity leave resigns after having an affair

:00:52.:00:54.

while his wife was pregnant. Russian warplanes have been

:00:55.:01:12.

in action over Syria again today, just hours after major powers agreed

:01:13.:01:14.

on a pause in fighting. Officially, the so-called cessation

:01:15.:01:17.

of hostilities is due to begin in a week's time, but the UN says

:01:18.:01:19.

aid deliveries to some besieged areas inside Syria could

:01:20.:01:22.

begin within 24 hours. The agreement, reached in Germany,

:01:23.:01:27.

came shortly after President Bashar al Assad said he intends to fight

:01:28.:01:30.

on until he's brought the whole Our Chief International

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Correspondent, Lyse Doucet, reports. The anguish of Aleppo,

:01:34.:01:45.

Syria's biggest, once beautiful, This month, tens of thousands

:01:46.:01:47.

are fleeing Russia's bombing there. Moscow says it is striking

:01:48.:01:53.

terrorists, the so-called The West says it is mainly

:01:54.:01:57.

bolstering the Syrian military But now, in Munich, in the early

:01:58.:02:03.

hours, the world's most powerful diplomats emerged to say they had

:02:04.:02:09.

finally agreed a truce We have agreed to implement and

:02:10.:02:26.

nationwide cessation of hostilities, to begin in the target of one week's

:02:27.:02:35.

time. It is ambitious, but everybody is determined to move as rapidly as

:02:36.:02:38.

Russia's Sergey Lavrov talked of a return to peace talks,

:02:39.:02:42.

But in the bright light of day, the doubts became clearer,

:02:43.:02:46.

most of all about Russia's intentions.

:02:47.:02:48.

It is possible, we don't know, it is possible that the Russians had

:02:49.:02:51.

limited military objectives and actually over the last month

:02:52.:02:54.

or so they have largely achieved them and that they are genuinely now

:02:55.:02:58.

ready to see a scaling down of military activity

:02:59.:03:00.

but we will not know that for sure until we see the Russians delivering

:03:01.:03:04.

Today, Syria's rebel leaders are raising objections,

:03:05.:03:15.

so is Syria's President Assad, who spoke before the deal was done.

:03:16.:03:19.

TRANSLATION: We have fully believed in negotiations

:03:20.:03:21.

and in political actions since the beginning of the crisis.

:03:22.:03:24.

However, if we negotiate it does not mean that we will

:03:25.:03:27.

First, through negotiation and second, through fighting terrorism.

:03:28.:03:36.

The two track are separate from each other.

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Syria's war is also a major humanitarian crisis.

:03:40.:03:43.

Munich's deal means government and rebel forces must let aid enter

:03:44.:03:46.

besieged areas, where people are starving.

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Imagine that we have several convoys for several days and we repeat it

:03:54.:03:58.

every time we offer it, would that not make a difference?

:03:59.:04:01.

Do you think this is a turning point?

:04:02.:04:03.

Strong words have emerged here in Munich, but great scepticism too.

:04:04.:04:11.

The next week will make it clear whether this was a major

:04:12.:04:15.

breakthrough that can help ease the suffering of Syrian civilians,

:04:16.:04:18.

or whether it is another major setback that will make a devastating

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If you The Pope and the Russian Orthodox Patriarch will meet in Cuba

:04:22.:04:37.

on Friday - the first ever encounter between the heads of the two

:04:38.:04:40.

churches since they split in the 11th century,

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The Vatican has been pushing for such a meeting ever

:04:43.:04:45.

since the collapse of the Soviet Union,

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The meeting is being seen as a major step towards warmer relations.

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Our correspondent Will Grant is in Havana.

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we are expect when Pope Francis at any time now. This is the most

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historic varying of hatchets, isn't it? Isn't it? And what an

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extraordinary place for it to happen, in Cuba, a country that has

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been gone through its own warming of ties with the United States, and

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Pope Francis was important in bringing Washington and Havana

:05:21.:05:27.

around the negotiating table. This time he is on a diplomatic mission

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of the zone to help rebuild the eastern and western sections of the

:05:36.:05:39.

Christian faith. It will be welcomed, not only by the many

:05:40.:05:47.

millions of followers of Pope Francis, but at least two thirds of

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the more than 200 million Russian Orthodox followers, many of whom

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will have wanted to see these tensions ease, these lingering

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suspicions that in some cases are centuries old. What will it mean in

:06:09.:06:17.

concrete terms? I think this is very much about her spirit of fraternity,

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that is a word that Pope Francis users and likes to make the most.

:06:23.:06:27.

That was the word his lips when he became the Havana late last year. In

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these terms I think it is about the Catholic faith and the Orthodox

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faith finding common ground in times in which Christians around the

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world, particularly in the Middle East, feel that they are being

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persecuted, under attack again on a number of different fronts. We have

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seen, particularly during the Cold War, there was a lot of suspicion

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between Pope John Paul II and previous patriarchs. Pope Francis is

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a very different character to the men who came before him and I think

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it took aim and the took a different kind of papacy to bring this about.

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What is the reaction where you are in Havana. We are just watching live

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pictures of dignitaries walking around at the airport. There is Raul

:07:23.:07:34.

Castro, Whittington greets... Sorry, yes, these are live pictures.

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There is a more nuanced feeling towards Catholicism in Cuba, isn't

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there? There was great excitement ahead of his visit in September.

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This time I would say it has been greeted with more surprised than

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excitement. Cubans woke up to the news on the state run newspaper that

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the Pope will be returning again. Many thought, my goodness, I so

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quick, he was here very recently. There are reasons I think that it is

:08:22.:08:27.

Cuba., one, that the patriarch has very warm ties with the Castro

:08:28.:08:33.

brothers. The Pope off the back of that recent visit has a real

:08:34.:08:39.

affection for Cuba and Cubans. And truly logistical terms, it is en

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route to Mexico where he will be carrying on from here, having an

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eight-day visit there. There is an interesting reason that it is Cuba,

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despite the fact that it is a secular state, it is a country that

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has been associated not with the Catholic faith over the years, but

:09:00.:09:03.

with Communist beliefs. That is changing, though. Thank you. If you

:09:04.:09:11.

are just joining us, Pope Francis arriving at Havana airport where he

:09:12.:09:18.

will be meeting the patriarch. That is the first time that has happened

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since the great schism of 1054 when Pope Leo the ninth and

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excommunicated the patriarch we will discuss this in more detail in a few

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moments. Now a look at some of

:09:36.:09:43.

the days other news. Thousands of farmers

:09:44.:09:46.

from across Greece have taken their protest

:09:47.:09:47.

against austerity measures Fires have broken out among

:09:48.:09:49.

the crowds and there've been The workers are angry at government

:09:50.:09:52.

plans to increase their taxes. A five-story building has collapsed

:09:53.:09:59.

in the centre of Istanbul. Local news organisations say

:10:00.:10:01.

the building came down near Istiklal Avenue,

:10:02.:10:03.

a busy pedestrianised street. The Istanbul governor has told

:10:04.:10:08.

reporters that noises from the building alerted people

:10:09.:10:13.

that it was about to collapse, the area was evacuated

:10:14.:10:16.

and it appears that no one Former FIFA Secretary General Jerome

:10:17.:10:18.

Valck has been banned from all football-related

:10:19.:10:24.

activity for 12 years. Valcke was found guilty by FIFA's

:10:25.:10:28.

Ethics Committee of a wide range of offences, including taking

:10:29.:10:31.

private jets for personal use, destroying evidence and trying

:10:32.:10:39.

to force through an undervalued sale European scientists have decided

:10:40.:10:41.

to give up trying to contact the Philae space robot,

:10:42.:10:48.

which became the first craft to touchdown on a comet

:10:49.:10:50.

more than a year ago. Philae operated for just 60 hours

:10:51.:10:53.

after an awkward landing. Contact was briefly re-established

:10:54.:10:56.

with the lander last July, but Mission Control has now given up

:10:57.:10:59.

hope of any further communication as the comet heads towards a much

:11:00.:11:01.

colder part of its orbit. A BBC Investigation has found that

:11:02.:11:12.

paedophiles are using secret groups on Facebook to groom children

:11:13.:11:15.

and exchange obscene images. Online settings mean these groups

:11:16.:11:17.

are invisible to ordinary users - The Children's Commissioner

:11:18.:11:20.

for England says the company isn't doing enough to protect children

:11:21.:11:28.

by policing the groups. Facebook has now agreed

:11:29.:11:31.

to investigate. Angus Crawford has this

:11:32.:11:33.

special investigation. Neil Ivel calls himself

:11:34.:11:40.

a "paedophile hunter." He and his wife pretend to be young

:11:41.:11:43.

girls online to expose the men that This man, Lee Hardy, pleaded guilty

:11:44.:11:46.

and was sent to prison. Why would you go and

:11:47.:11:54.

do that to a child? Hardy was a member

:11:55.:12:01.

of a secret group. Facebook settings mean

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that these kind of groups We all know there's

:12:05.:12:06.

a dark side of the web. Everyone thinks

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Facebook's brilliant. Put a little status on,

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you know, go to the shops. We decided to find

:12:17.:12:19.

out for ourselves - setting up our own fake profile,

:12:20.:12:25.

gaining access to closed Many of the pictures

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in these groups are obscene, indecent, but what is as disturbing

:12:29.:12:35.

is that many other pictures appear to have been stolen and disgusting

:12:36.:12:38.

comments have been written Facebook actively promotes

:12:39.:12:40.

its family values. And takes pride

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in its safety standards. Surely, they'd quickly remove

:12:54.:12:56.

this type of material once So, we used Facebook's own report

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button to tell them about some They did not breach

:12:59.:13:06.

the company's standards. The picture of this girl in bra

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and pants wasn't taken down. Nor was this one in a group called

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"Cute teen schoolies". We reported a whole group called

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"We Love Schoolgirlz." We showed what we found

:13:26.:13:28.

to the Children's Commissioner for It would be completely necessary,

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in my view, for Facebook to be very proactive about recognising these

:13:34.:13:40.

are here seeking out, at very least, the very obvious titles of these

:13:41.:13:42.

groups and closing them down. From what we've shown you,

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are they doing enough? We asked Facebook for an interview,

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but our request was refused so we caught up with the company's

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Head of Public Policy at an event When it comes to specific groups

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I think it's really important that we investigate the group,

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so if you're able to share the details of the groups with me

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then I can work with my colleagues who do the investigating on these

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and make sure we are investigating and removing the content

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that shouldn't be there, also dealing directly with law

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enforcement to make sure that they are aware of these

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groups and that we follow That's really important that

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were going to do that and we can give you that commitment

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that we are going to do that. The worst of what we found

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we handed to police, Facebook says it will

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also investigate. But how many more such groups exist

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and are Facebook's procedures robust enough to find them

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and shut them down? Let's return to the arrival of the

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Pope in Havana, where he is due to meet Patriarch Kirril. It is an

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historic moment, the first time that both leaders, the Pope and the

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patriarch have met for a thousand years.

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He is the author of Francis: Pope of Good Promise.

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It is a symbolic moment. Will there be some sections of both churches

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who will not be quite so happy? Yes, let's not forget that we have a

:15:25.:15:30.

section of the Orthodox Church in the Ukraine who consider themselves

:15:31.:15:34.

Catholics who are obviously on the wrong side of the Crimea crisis, who

:15:35.:15:44.

were accused by Moscow of stimulating uprising against the

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pro-Russian president. There is quite a lot of attention on that.

:15:48.:15:52.

Your correspondence before was talking about the tensions that the

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reduced to be with Pope John Paul II. He was Polish, don't forget. The

:15:57.:16:02.

Polish Catholic bishops were trying to reach some sort of agreement with

:16:03.:16:06.

Patriarch Kirril and reached the conclusion about two years ago that

:16:07.:16:09.

there was nothing doing because he was very for President Putin. Also

:16:10.:16:17.

the human rights people in Russia. This is patriarchy he has said very

:16:18.:16:21.

little about human rights violations, hasn't spoken by the --

:16:22.:16:29.

spoken out about President Putin. What is the point of this? The point

:16:30.:16:36.

of it in one word is Syria, I would of thought, given the news that you

:16:37.:16:40.

were headlining before. Everything is coming together, as Europe

:16:41.:16:47.

correspondence pointed out there is real concern about the persecution

:16:48.:16:52.

of the Christians in Syria and North Africa. The threat of terrorism by

:16:53.:16:58.

Isis and others. They want to form some kind of common front on this.

:16:59.:17:01.

What is some kind of common front on this.

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will really break the ice theologically, is that this is the

:17:05.:17:11.

first Catholic Pope that on his election day comes onto the balcony

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at St Peter's and 30 much the first word he said is that I am the Bishop

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of Rome. He is saying I am not the huge authority, commanding authority

:17:23.:17:28.

over all the Christians, he is saying I bishop like anybody else.

:17:29.:17:32.

Given that the system a thousand years ago was begun as I sleep over

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the issue of primacy, this is a real olive branch to the Orthodox

:17:40.:17:45.

churches. We will see extraordinary images. Here is the humble Pope

:17:46.:17:51.

Francis meeting this Orthodox patriarchy he will have a slightly

:17:52.:17:57.

more elaborate vestments. Superficially chalk and cheese.

:17:58.:18:04.

Let's hope Pope Francis brings a bit of humility to the Russian Orthodox

:18:05.:18:08.

Church. The reason it is in Cuba, which is an interesting choice,

:18:09.:18:12.

given the Communist background backcountry the fact that it is a

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more secular country? Yes, don't forget that the Cubans were Catholic

:18:19.:18:26.

before they became Communist. Fidel Castro was educated by the Jesuits.

:18:27.:18:37.

In northern Spain. It is a perfect meeting point, particularly again

:18:38.:18:42.

that correspond to -- correspondence pointed out, very soon after this

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dramatic reconciliation between Cuba and the US, which the Vatican had a

:18:47.:18:52.

huge play in terms of mediation. A young Japanese MP who made

:18:53.:18:55.

headlines last year for his insisting on taking paternity leave

:18:56.:18:58.

has quit parliament after confessing to an affair with a bikini model

:18:59.:19:01.

while his wife was pregnant. Kensuke Miyazaki made

:19:02.:19:06.

waves inside the ruling Liberal Democratic Party

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when he announced he would be the first Japanese MP ever

:19:11.:19:12.

to take paternity leave, but this week a Japanese magazine

:19:13.:19:14.

revealed the scandal. Bowing deeply and repeatedly,

:19:15.:19:32.

Kensuke Miyazaki went before the cameras today to confess his

:19:33.:19:36.

infidelity. Young, handsome, successful and apparently a devoted

:19:37.:19:40.

husband, Kensuke Miyazaki had become the poster boy for those who want

:19:41.:19:44.

Japanese men to do more to help raise their children. Kensuke

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Miyazaki and his wife are both Members of Parliament for the ruling

:19:50.:19:54.

Liberal Democratic Party. In December he made headlines when he

:19:55.:19:58.

announced he would become the first Japanese sitting MP ever to take

:19:59.:20:02.

paternity leave. It was supposed to begin this week. In Japan, only 2.3%

:20:03.:20:10.

of the Father's Day paternity leave. The government wants to raise it to

:20:11.:20:17.

13% by 2020. I thought that by declaring I wanted to take paternity

:20:18.:20:23.

leave I could cause a bit of a stir. Instead, Kensuke Miyazaki is out of

:20:24.:20:27.

a job and in disgrace. Earlier this week a Japanese scandal magazine

:20:28.:20:30.

published a story alleging that while his wife was preparing to give

:20:31.:20:36.

birth in Tokyo, Kensuke Miyazaki was in his apartment in Q2 with another

:20:37.:20:42.

woman. Today, he admitted it was true. There is now concerned from

:20:43.:20:47.

former supporters that his scandal will be used by those who oppose

:20:48.:20:52.

Japanese men taking time off to be with their newborn children. Japan

:20:53.:20:56.

has one of the most generous paternity leave systems in the

:20:57.:21:05.

world. Men can, in theory, take up to a year off work, but many bosses

:21:06.:21:08.

still refuse or threatened meal workers with dismissal or demotion

:21:09.:21:13.

if they do. Right now, only to prove -- 2.3% of Japanese men to take any

:21:14.:21:15.

paternity leave at all. Sometimes the online world can be

:21:16.:21:24.

cruel and its targets One of them was a four-year-old boy

:21:25.:21:27.

with Pfeiffer Syndrome, which leads to facial deformity,

:21:28.:21:30.

who became a meme online. But his mother decided to fight

:21:31.:21:33.

back, using the internet to educate I was going through my phone

:21:34.:21:37.

on Facebook and one of the moms in a group I'm in on Facebook,

:21:38.:22:04.

she posted it and said, Within a couple of minutes people

:22:05.:22:07.

had tagged me in it and said, It just didn't even resonate with me

:22:08.:22:12.

as even attempting to be funny. I just didn't understand the intent

:22:13.:22:35.

behind someone that made that. Every time we would finally get

:22:36.:22:45.

Facebook to take one down, it's like within an hour somebody

:22:46.:22:50.

would send us a link You click on the report button

:22:51.:22:52.

and you and you just report it for whatever content you think

:22:53.:23:05.

it's being misused for, I don't know that that is

:23:06.:23:07.

what necessarily takes But when I looked into it more

:23:08.:23:09.

and I found the copyright claim, every time I filled out

:23:10.:23:13.

the copyright form, that photo was taken down usually

:23:14.:23:15.

within 24 hours. People share stuff that

:23:16.:23:17.

engages them in some way. Often times that engagement

:23:18.:23:19.

is something they makes them And then a subset of that is

:23:20.:23:21.

engagement that's humorous She enlisted friends,

:23:22.:23:28.

she enlisted people to spread the meaning of, let's take these

:23:29.:23:31.

down, in a way that used the same tool that spread the image to

:23:32.:23:34.

the service of removing the image. I've had a lot of people reach out

:23:35.:23:39.

and say, "I didn't know that was a real child in that photo

:23:40.:23:42.

and I saw your story on the news and I want to thank you for sharing

:23:43.:23:46.

what he has and what it is about. And I'm so sorry for

:23:47.:23:50.

posting that meme." It's turned into something more

:23:51.:23:56.

than just distorting the photo Those of you who can't

:23:57.:23:58.

send a message on phone, tablet, or computer without an emoji

:23:59.:24:17.

attached may well already know that US reality TV star Kim Kardashian

:24:18.:24:23.

has released her own set of wildly Now these icons are facing

:24:24.:24:26.

new competition from a set that mock another famous Kim -

:24:27.:24:31.

the North Korean leader, The "Kimunji" series

:24:32.:24:33.

features Mr Kim, his father and his grandfather,

:24:34.:24:39.

as well as various military weapons. They were created by US-based web

:24:40.:24:45.

designer Ben Gillin who says he hopes they will get people

:24:46.:24:47.

talking about North Korea. Mr Gillin also says

:24:48.:24:54.

he created the icons to mock Kardashian Kimojis, which he says

:24:55.:24:56.

are damaging to society. The reality star's Kimoji app became

:24:57.:24:59.

the top-selling app on iTunes A reminder of our main news: World

:25:00.:25:01.

powers have struck a deal It stipulates a cessation

:25:02.:25:14.

of hostilities in a week's time and an immediate start of aid

:25:15.:25:22.

deliveries to some besieged towns. But in an interview recorded before

:25:23.:25:24.

the deal was announced, President, Bashar al-Assad,

:25:25.:25:27.

says he intends to fight on until he's brought the whole

:25:28.:25:28.

country back under his control. President, Bashar al-Assad,

:25:29.:25:48.

says he intends to fight on until he's brought the whole

:25:49.:25:50.

country back under his control. But for now from me,

:25:51.:25:55.

Tim Wilcox, and the rest There is a cold weekend in prospect,

:25:56.:26:10.

some to

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