11/02/2016 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 11/02/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today, with me, Alice Baxter.


A stunning discovery by physicists that


could revolutionise the study of the universe.


Scientists say they've found the existence


of the ever-elusive gravitational wave.


It's a break-through being described as ushering


Gravitational waves provide a completely new way of looking


The ability to detect them has the potential


Meanwhile, as Russia and the US talk possible ceasefire deals for Syria,


aid agencies warn the humanitarian crisis is now a catastrophe


Extraordinary scenes in the South African Parliament


as President Jacob Zuma is heckled while delivering his State


And a wartime couple reunite for the first time after falling


in love just before D-Day, and then losing contact for more


We begin with a breakthrough that's got the science world abuzz.


It's being described as the most important discovery of this century,


a discovery that will bring a much greater understanding of the origin


It was Einstein who first came up with the idea of gravitational waves


but it's taken 100 years demonstrate they exist.


Our science correspondent, Pallab Ghosh, reports.


Powerful telescopes can see distant stars and far-away galaxies.


From now, astronomers will be able to see much deeper into space


Eventually, right up to the moment of the Big Bang.


Scientists have been searching for ripples in space


Today, they told the world they had found them,


created by two black holes colliding more than a billion


We have detected gravitational waves.


Professor Stephen Hawking told me it was a ground-breaking development.


Gravitational waves provide a completely new way of looking


The ability to detect them has the potential


This discovery is the first detection of the black hole binary


system and the first observation of black holes merging.


Albert Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves


Gravitational waves are created whenever there is a seismic event


in the universe such as an exploding star.


These waves ripple across the galaxy at the speed of light,


stretching and squeezing space as they go.


But they are incredibly hard to detect because,


when they hit the Earth, they give it the tiniest of jabs,


Researchers developed a powerful laser system capable of measuring


The beam runs along a tube just under the ground and it is stretched


by a minute amount when a gravitational wave passes through.


It really is, when you consider that these black holes actually


spiralled in over a billion years ago and the signal has been


We turned on our detectors at exactly the right time


Those gravitational waves can be turned into sound.


That is the chirping we have been looking for.


That is one of the beautiful things, we are not only going to be seeing


Today's result opens a new window into how the universe began and it


will reveal a new view of the cosmos beyond our imagination.


With me now is physicist Dr Toby Wiseman.


As someone who isn't a scientist, it is still difficult to really


understand how momentous this is and how significant the discovery is. It


is significant on many fronts. It is an incredible human achievement,


starting with Einstein nearly exactly 100 years ago, and it has


taken this long to understand theoretically and build things to


measure it. On the other hand, it is an amazing confirmation of


Einstein's theory. The ripples of space and time, the fact that space


and time can bend just like the ripples of a pond is really what


underlies the whole theory. Seeing that directly for the first time is


probably the best test of his theory that we have two dates. Finally we


get to see totally new objects. The first object we have seen as a pair


of black holes which collided 1 billion years ago, massive objects


travelling near the speed of light, 30 times the mass of the sun each.


Moving near the speed of light, it is an incredible event. As gravity


wave detectors carry on working, we will see more events like this. Not


only the first gravity wave but the first pair of black holes we have


seen. What does this discovery mean for you and I, what can we do today


that we couldn't yesterday? Very concretely, we can see pairs of


black holes 1 billion light years away. We can tune into one single


event billions of years away. When you point a telescope into the sky,


you see an incredible array of stuff, but now we can see more new


objects. Black holes are like a beacon when you listen to


gravitational waves. We cannot study them using optical or x-ray


telescopes. There are so many more object we will be able to learn


about and study with these new techniques. This has been a huge fit


getting to this point. Today is the first time I have heard of


gravitational waves but this has been a collaboration of scientists


which has lasted decades and gone all around the world. Since the


early 90s this experiment has been running and it has been gradually


upgrading to become more sensitive. In the early days, people did not


expect to see gravity waves. They were building the experiments in


preparation for a time they would become sensitive enough and have the


technology to see them. Today we have reached that point, which is


amazing. Aid agencies are warning that


a humanitarian crisis in northern The Red Cross says 50,000 people


have fled the recent fighting around the city of Aleppo,


and supplies of food, The UN says that 120,000 people are


facing malnutrition within weeks. It comes as world leaders


are tonight in a new round of talks We've been speaking to a doctor in


one of Aleppo's makeshift hospitals. We'll call him Hamzeh al-Khateb -


he's asked us not to use his real He gave us this update


on the humanitarian In the last couple of days,


there are where many injuries We are speaking about the city,


not the countryside. We had received about 30 injuries


in our hospital only. Today, the situation,


Aleppo city has two roads to get The regime, supported


by the Russian air force, has control of one of these roads,


and now the PKK are hitting In the hospital that I work in,


we are about seven doctors. The total doctors inside Aleppo


city are less than 30. We have some supplies that got to us


through donation by the NGOs. We have enough supplies that make us


survive for about 1.5 months, And that's the thing we are most


frightened about, to be under siege and cannot help people for more


than two months. Let's think about the heavy shelling


that happened in Aleppo city Aleppo civilians were about


400, 450,000 people. Now I don't think we are more


than 200, 250,000 people. So the numbers are more than 50,000


people fleeing from Aleppo city. Our chief international


correspondent Lyse Doucet What can we realistically expect


from these top is in Munich, bringing together both allies and


opponents of President Assad? I think there are two issues on the


table. The talks have begun amongst 17 countries on either side of the


conflict, along with international organisations. There is a lot of


talk of ending the punishing sieges which have left more than 250,000


Syrians living in areas where they are cut off from food, medicine and


other supplies. The opposition wants to see an end to today's sieges and


get a signal from the Syrian government that they are serious


about ending the suffering and moving towards peace talks. The


second issue is a ceasefire. You have heard the account from a doctor


about how dire the situation is. The situation has been like that in


Aleppo for many years but now the world is paying attention. The


discussions will focus on what comes first, how soon will the ceasefire


take place, what confidence building measures will have to be in place


first and who will move first. This is happening in the hotel find me.


We expect a Botox to go on for hours. -- the Cox. Russia says


ceasefire will come into force on March the 1st and John Kerry says he


wants one immediately. There is no trust, that is the problem. Work at


what has been happening on the ground. Syrian talks got underway in


January and then Russia launched a bombing campaign around the northern


city of Aleppo, saying it is targeting Islamic State but it's


actions reinforced the Syrian military which is going to encircle


all of Aleppo, so Western countries cry foul. Russia must demonstrate at


these talks that it is serious about moving towards a negotiated


solution. There is a suspicion about the ceasefire on March the 1st,


because that leaves two weeks, just about time for the Russian bombing


working with the Syrian military and their Lebanese and Iranian allies on


the ground to encircle Aleppo and the opposition forces there.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Six students have died after their bus was hit by a metal


panel that had come loose from a lorry.


The accident happened in Rochefort in Charente-Maritime in western


Those killed were aged between 16 and 18.


The final member of the armed militia which has occupied an US


sanctuary in the west coast state of Oregon since the beginning


of January has surrendered to the FBI.


The one person was killed when the division leaders were arrested. --


occupation leaders. The police in Myanmar have


for the first time decided to give protection to Aung San Suu Kyi


following a death threat. Up until now, the National League


for Democracy leader has been protected by her own


security detail. The man who made the original death


threat has since apologised. A 94-year-old suspected former Nazi


SS guard at the Auschwitz death camp has gone on trial in Germany


over the murder of at Prosecutors say Reinhold Hanning met


Jewish prisoners as they arrived at the camp in occupied Poland


and may have escorted some Mr Hanning admits working


there but denies involvement He is an elderly widowed man who ran


a cheese shop until he retired. 70 years ago, this was Reinhold


Hanning. SS guard. His job was allegedly to meet Jewish prisoners


at Auschwitz. A recent court ruling means anyone who worked in a camp,


regardless of role, can now be rocked to trial. Prosecutors have


identified a handful of suspects. The justice system is doing that


which is possible and I think these few cases are a signal for our


country and for humanity and for justice. This man survived


Auschwitz. 35 members of his family died there. He is 94, the same age


as Reinhold Hanning. It is important to me because I like to see him


talking about the time in Auschwitz. He must talk. At one point today you


addressed him directly. I asked him to tell the truth. The trial is


taking place here in a north-western town near where Reinhold Hanning


spent most of his life. It is about trying to determine one-man's


culpability but it is about more than that as well. One of the last


opportunities for Germany to confront its past face-to-face.


Reinhold Hanning is one of the last surviving Nazis to face justice.


Now, there have been extraordinary scenes in the South African


parliament where President Jacob Zuma has been delivering his annual


State of the Nation address in Cape Town.


Deputy speaker of the National Assembly and deputy chairperson of


the NCOP... Throughout the speech,


members of the left-wing Economic Freedom Fighters demanded


the floor to raise points of order and then started to


criticise the president. Mr Zuma had to leave


the podium repeatedly, and ultimately the Speaker ordered


the EFF MPs to leave the chamber. Julius Malema, you


will not recognise ... You are prepared to


remove the whole party which has been elected by the people


in defence of one man! There is nothing that Zuma deserves


from as in the form of respect. -- There is nothing that


Zuma deserves from us Zuma is no longer


a president that deserves He has stolen from us,


he has collapsed to the economy of South Africa, he has made


this country a joke, We cannot allow Zuma to do


as he wishes in this country. Our correspondent Nomsa


Maseko is in Cape Town. Just talk us through what happened.


The people who were once friends have now become enemies. We saw a


showdown with Julius Malema saying that President Jacob Zuma does not


deserve the respect of South Africans. He said that because of


the events which took place on Tuesday at the Constitutional Court


when the EFF and the Democratic Alliance took Jacob Zuma to court


because of the report which recommended that Jacob Zuma must pay


back a portion of $23 million used to refurbish his private home. We


heard from the President's lawyers conceding to the fact they should


have taken the report seriously and complied with it. Some politicians


and opposition parties are calling on the president to step down,


saying that he does not deserve the respect of South Africans, and they


also want him to explain why he fired the finance minister in


December, because that negatively affected the economy. After all


that, the presidentaddress continued. He wanted to talk about


the economy and providing the tourist industry, saying that after


all the bad regulation introduced by the government he wants to tourism


to be boosted in South Africa. More than 50 people have been killed


when rival gangs clashed at a prison The riot happened at the Topo Chico


prison near the city of Monterrey. Well, it is one of the worst


incidents in Mexico's already According to the latest official


report from the city of Monterrey in northern Mexico, 52 people have


died and 12 are injured, But officials say the situation


is now under control and that no And according to the governor,


the prisoners have not even attempted to escape,


as was initially reported. And as you intimate,


gang violence and break-outs are not uncommon in what many consider to be


Mexico's notoriously overcrowded and corrupt prison system,


but what were conditions like in this particular


prison, Topo Chico? These kind of incidents are not


at all uncommon in Mexico's overcrowded and violent prisons,


which many of them are partially controlled by the inmates,


and even at this very same prison of Topo Chico last September,


a leader of the Zetas drug gang was stabbed to death in a riot that


left 11 prisoners wounded, so we shouldn't say this comes


as something completely unexpected. And this incident comes just days


before Pope Francis is due to visit another prison in the northern


city of Ciudad Juarez, another area notorious for gang


violence and drug cartels. Pope Francis is arriving tomorrow


in Mexico and next week he is going to visit a prison


in Ciudad Juarez, one of the most They are paintings filled with some


of the most bizarre images in the history of art, mysteries


that have never been solved. Now for the first time ever,


the strange and terrifying works of the painter Hieronymous Bosch


have been gathered in his home town, Hertogenbosch in the Netherlands,


to try to help unlock Our arts correspondent


David Sillito reports. He is telling us


about good and evil. He was the master of the weird


and strange, Hieronymus Bosch. This exhibition a homecoming


for paintings that have been scattered across the world


but are rooted here. To understand, we


climbed the cathedral. The view unchanged in 500 years,


is this an echo of it? This image, locals recognise it,


but to see it, you have to take It is the hole of hell,


it is like hell. A lot of dead soldiers


were buried here. They were thrown in the water during


winter, when they died. There are echoes of him everywhere,


this market square, the buildings have changed, but it is still


the medieval landscape There is one thing you will not


find. Which is what makes this


so extraordinary, his great This is the Haywain,


back for the first time I am walking across the market


square where he lived and worked every day, and to have a painting


like this after 500 years back here, This painting was kept in a store


room for decades. But the fox-faced creature,


what does it mean? We know the owls are not


wisdom, but evil. But what is certain is that 15 years


of coaxing and cajoling the world's If we are ever going to understand


him, it will be here. A 93-year-old World War II veteran


from America has been reunited with his British wartime girlfriend


after more than 70 years apart. Norwood Thomas and Joyce Morris fell


in love in London shortly before But they lost touch


after a misunderstanding. Last year 88-year-old Joyce,


who now lives in Australia, For Norwood Thomas, this


was the most memorable He arrived in Adelaide


after more than seven decades, wondering what became


of his wartime sweetheart. What's the first thing


you are going to do? His journey from the United States


was paid for by well-wishers, when they read about the romance


cut short by the war. They met by the River


Thames in 1944. And it very rapidly developed


into something from attraction, After the war, he wrote


to her about marriage. She thought he was


engaged to someone else. Last year, their story went viral


when she tracked him down on a whim You know, to find someone


who loves you, you love them, in the latter years of your life,


it would rather be special, They've waited almost


a lifetime for this. Over tea, they made plans


for Valentine's Day But for now, from me


and the rest of the team,


Download Subtitles