10/02/2016 World News Today


10/02/2016

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Our top story: The race for the White House heats up.

:00:00.:00:09.

Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders - both outsiders in their parties -

:00:10.:00:12.

claim decisive victories in New Hampshire.

:00:13.:00:15.

But can either of them become US President?

:00:16.:00:18.

Three months on from the Paris attacks, lawmakers approve

:00:19.:00:20.

a controversial bill to strip people convicted of terrorist offences

:00:21.:00:23.

German media reports say a signal controller is at the heart

:00:24.:00:30.

of the investigation into the train crash that killed 10 people.

:00:31.:00:38.

And composing the purr-fect tune for your feline -

:00:39.:00:41.

but how do we know if it's music to their ears?

:00:42.:00:58.

Republican Donald Trump and the left-wing Democrat Bernie

:00:59.:01:00.

Sanders are a step closer to winning their parties' nomination

:01:01.:01:04.

for the US presidential election in November.

:01:05.:01:07.

Donald Trump got twice as many votes as his nearest rival -

:01:08.:01:12.

while Bernie Sanders beat Hillary Clinton by more

:01:13.:01:14.

Our North America editor Jon Sopel has more.

:01:15.:01:23.

At 8 o'clock last night, the news of the unusual seismic

:01:24.:01:26.

activity in what they call the Granite State.

:01:27.:01:28.

It predicts that Donald Trump will win...

:01:29.:01:31.

Heralding a political earthquake and two landslides,

:01:32.:01:33.

one on the left, the other on the right.

:01:34.:01:37.

At Trump headquarters, the news that their man had won

:01:38.:01:40.

I wanted to congratulate the other candidates, OK?

:01:41.:01:52.

You know, it's always tough and then tomorrow, boom, boom.

:01:53.:02:01.

Then it was on to his favourite riff, winning.

:02:02.:02:03.

We are going to win so much, you're going to be so happy.

:02:04.:02:08.

We are going to make America so great again.

:02:09.:02:11.

Donald Trump is leaving the stage to Revolution by the Beatles.

:02:12.:02:25.

What he's done, he has turned hype into reality.

:02:26.:02:28.

He's turned large rallies into votes at polling stations.

:02:29.:02:33.

And who would bet now against him going all the way and winning

:02:34.:02:36.

Record numbers queued to reach polling stations to vote

:02:37.:02:43.

People expressing unhappiness with their economic prospects,

:02:44.:02:48.

Washington politics, America's place in the world.

:02:49.:02:52.

And what did the revolutionary leader of the left do while waiting

:02:53.:02:55.

He played basketball with his grandkids.

:02:56.:03:00.

On stage, he was taking a shot at more familiar targets.

:03:01.:03:08.

Given the enormous crises facing our country, it is just too

:03:09.:03:11.

late for the same old, same old establishment politics

:03:12.:03:16.

Hilary Clinton put on a brave face last night.

:03:17.:03:28.

There is a long way to go, and in a drawn-out battle

:03:29.:03:34.

with Sanders, she is still the favourite.

:03:35.:03:36.

But a few months ago, she had been the favourite

:03:37.:03:38.

I spoke to our Washington Correspondent Laura Bicker

:03:39.:03:46.

and asked her whether these decisive victories can be translated

:03:47.:03:48.

into overall success for Sanders and Trump.

:03:49.:03:58.

It will be interesting to see how this goes forward. Same old, same

:03:59.:04:06.

old is just not happening at the moment in the US. Voters are looking

:04:07.:04:10.

for the outsider, the antiestablishment vote. We have had

:04:11.:04:13.

the worst economic downturn in the US that many have seen in

:04:14.:04:16.

generations. They are looking for somebody to give them answers. For

:04:17.:04:20.

that, they are looking at Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders. Why Donald

:04:21.:04:24.

Trump and Bernie Sanders? Because Donald Trump is not an elected

:04:25.:04:28.

politician. He is a businessman. He is promising them a wall to keep

:04:29.:04:34.

them safe from people coming in. He is promising them a revolution in

:04:35.:04:37.

the form of politics. He says he will get things done, he will make

:04:38.:04:42.

America great again. As for the other side, Bernie Sanders is

:04:43.:04:46.

promising a political revolution. He is promising to reform Wall Street.

:04:47.:04:51.

He is promising to reform political donations. Therefore, these are two

:04:52.:04:56.

antiestablishment, two outsiders that, if you months ago, many

:04:57.:04:59.

journalists would not have given a hope. Here we are, they are winning

:05:00.:05:05.

in New Hampshire. Bernie Sanders has appealed to a range of demographics.

:05:06.:05:10.

Will this be a worry to Hillary Clinton? Well, if you were a Hillary

:05:11.:05:20.

Clinton supporter or aide, and were looking at the polling numbers, you

:05:21.:05:23.

might have your head in your hands. It's interesting to note when it

:05:24.:05:26.

comes to women and the gun vote, she is not doing well. 69% of women

:05:27.:05:34.

under 45 in New Hampshire did not vote for Hillary Clinton, they did

:05:35.:05:40.

not put an X in the box, to help raise what would be the first female

:05:41.:05:44.

US President in history. They are voting for Sanders. That is an issue

:05:45.:05:50.

for them. But they have just heard that a political group has set up a

:05:51.:05:56.

$25 million organisation called Every Citizen Counts, and this has

:05:57.:06:04.

been sent up by allies of Clinton, they are going to go out there and

:06:05.:06:08.

hopefully work on the black and Hispanic vote that Hillary Clinton

:06:09.:06:11.

already has, in the hope that Bernie Sanders does not take that as well.

:06:12.:06:16.

Briefly, Republicans, will this mean that one of their candidates has to

:06:17.:06:21.

drop out now? It is quite a crowded field? It is interesting, I think

:06:22.:06:25.

everybody thought an establishment candidate would come forward. Still,

:06:26.:06:29.

the establishment candidates are spraying one another with gunfire.

:06:30.:06:38.

John Casey did well, that he has no ground game in the next one. Bush

:06:39.:06:44.

and Marco Rubio are in the same field and looking for the same

:06:45.:06:47.

votes. It will be interesting to see how they do in Carolina.

:06:48.:06:49.

Well, if you've got more you want to know, go to our website

:06:50.:06:52.

Where you'll find reaction and analysis - just go

:06:53.:06:54.

to bbc.com/uselection, or download our app.

:06:55.:07:00.

French lawmakers have approved a controversial bill aimed at making

:07:01.:07:03.

it possible to revoke the citizenship of people convicted

:07:04.:07:05.

The proposals, drawn up after the jihadist Paris

:07:06.:07:08.

attacks in November, will now go to the Senate,

:07:09.:07:16.

to the plans, and it's not certain that they will get the required

:07:17.:07:19.

Our correspondent Hugh Schofield is in Paris

:07:20.:07:28.

It's a package of measures that have gone through,

:07:29.:07:30.

on the one hand, there is this clause to put into the constitution

:07:31.:07:33.

We are currently still in a state of emergency in France,

:07:34.:07:39.

President Hollande decided that ought to be

:07:40.:07:41.

The other thing is a rather more controversial measure,

:07:42.:07:48.

about stripping citizenship from people convicted of terrorism.

:07:49.:07:54.

You know, in principle, when it comes

:07:55.:07:57.

through, if it comes through, then if somebody is found guilty

:07:58.:08:00.

of terrorism, then he or she can be stripped of his or her nationality.

:08:01.:08:05.

If that person has only got one nationality,

:08:06.:08:09.

is only French, that might take another form of being stripped

:08:10.:08:12.

The big problem is, for the left, and Hollande is on the left,

:08:13.:08:23.

he has a big left-wing bloc in his own Socialist Party,

:08:24.:08:31.

this whole thing has become a very symbolic taboo.

:08:32.:08:34.

They think this whole symbolic stripping away of nationality

:08:35.:08:36.

will create two types of French citizen.

:08:37.:08:37.

Those French citizens who have two nationalities,

:08:38.:08:39.

in other words, people who are French and have Algerian,

:08:40.:08:42.

Moroccan or Tunisian nationality, and the rest.

:08:43.:08:44.

This stripping away of nationality would only come in practice,

:08:45.:08:46.

ever apply to people who have two nationalities,

:08:47.:08:49.

that would make them a kind of second-class

:08:50.:08:51.

But for these people, particularly on

:08:52.:08:55.

That is why there has been such a big rebellion on the left

:08:56.:09:00.

Officials in northern Nigeria say around 60 people have been killed

:09:01.:09:05.

by two female suicide bombers who carried out an attack

:09:06.:09:08.

at a refugee camp in the northeast of the country.

:09:09.:09:12.

The attack took place on Tuesday in Borno State,

:09:13.:09:15.

It hadn't been reported because of problems

:09:16.:09:20.

Borno State has been the centre of an insurgency by the militant

:09:21.:09:26.

Islamist group, Boko Haram, which has forced tens of thousands

:09:27.:09:29.

of people from their homes and into refugee camps.

:09:30.:09:40.

And confirm German media reports say investigations into the cause of a

:09:41.:09:45.

train crash that killed ten people is focusing on whether they could

:09:46.:09:52.

have been human error on the part of the signal controller. Investigators

:09:53.:09:57.

are trying to work out why multiple safety measures failed.

:09:58.:09:59.

Mangled wreckage on the banks of the River Mangfall.

:10:00.:10:01.

The aftermath of Germany's worst rail accident in years.

:10:02.:10:04.

After hours of searching through tangled metal,

:10:05.:10:08.

police say that all the passengers are now accounted for.

:10:09.:10:10.

They don't expect to find any more victims.

:10:11.:10:18.

Now they're looking for evidence as to the cause of the crash.

:10:19.:10:21.

As well as beginning of the complicated process of trying

:10:22.:10:23.

A criminal investigation has been opened.

:10:24.:10:29.

Things aren't easy for the investigators here

:10:30.:10:31.

They're struggling with bad weather conditions and the fact that this

:10:32.:10:36.

place, alongside a river, is quite hard to access.

:10:37.:10:41.

They are painstakingly combing through the wreckage looking for any

:10:42.:10:44.

clues as to how this collision happened.

:10:45.:10:50.

Dozens of casualties were taken to local hospitals.

:10:51.:10:53.

Urgent appeals were put out for people to donate blood.

:10:54.:11:01.

TRANSLATION: With this kind of accident the entire spectrum

:11:02.:11:03.

of injuries you get in emergency surgery is possible.

:11:04.:11:07.

Bone fractures, serious traumatic brain injury, internal bleeding.

:11:08.:11:12.

Out of respect for the privacy of our patients, we are not able

:11:13.:11:15.

to say what injuries our patients had.

:11:16.:11:17.

Germany's Transport Minister Alexander Dobrindt says this line

:11:18.:11:25.

was fitted with an automatic braking system that should have prevented

:11:26.:11:27.

It is not yet clear if this crash was a result of human error

:11:28.:11:36.

As the investigation continues, local communities

:11:37.:11:40.

There is a strong sense of shock and disbelief.

:11:41.:11:49.

Bethany Bell, BBC News, Bad Aibling in Germany.

:11:50.:11:55.

The World Health Organisation has released some more information

:11:56.:11:58.

for those worried about the Zika virus that has been found in more

:11:59.:12:01.

The WHO has declared it a global public health emergency.

:12:02.:12:04.

Let's have a look at its latest advice.

:12:05.:12:07.

The first bit of guidance is for women in affected countries -

:12:08.:12:10.

especially those who are pregnant - to wear clothing that prevents

:12:11.:12:13.

Secondly, for those at risk, practicing safe sex with condoms

:12:14.:12:21.

is advised to avoid any chance - however rare -

:12:22.:12:23.

The WHO said women who wish to terminate a pregnancy due

:12:24.:12:31.

to a fear of microcephaly should have access to safe abortion

:12:32.:12:34.

services to the full extent of the law but warned early

:12:35.:12:36.

ultrasound does not reliably predict microcephaly

:12:37.:12:38.

And lastly, the WHO reiterated that most women will not experience

:12:39.:12:42.

For the latest advice on the Zika virus and its spread,

:12:43.:12:50.

just go to our website, or smart-phone app.

:12:51.:12:52.

You'll find more about the mosquito's role in the outbreak,

:12:53.:12:56.

along with what we know about the insect and how the Zika

:12:57.:12:58.

virus is transmitted - just go to BBC.com/health,

:12:59.:13:00.

Reports from Syria say more than 500 people,

:13:01.:13:11.

including dozens of civilians, have been killed since government

:13:12.:13:13.

forces backed by Russian planes launched a major offensive

:13:14.:13:15.

Amongst the dead in the past ten days, says a monitoring group,

:13:16.:13:19.

are 23 children, killed by Russian airstrikes.

:13:20.:13:23.

Our correspondent Quentin Sommerville reports from Killis

:13:24.:13:25.

11,500 people from Syria, living here.

:13:26.:13:36.

They have been living here four years.

:13:37.:13:38.

The camp has been growing in that time.

:13:39.:13:41.

There is one mosque, in fact, there are two mosques,

:13:42.:13:43.

Just look over there, look how organised this is.

:13:44.:13:48.

Turkey has invested a huge amount of money and a huge amount of time

:13:49.:13:51.

and effort to try to get this right, give it a sense of community.

:13:52.:13:54.

2.5 million people have already moved into Turkey from Syria.

:13:55.:14:03.

When we go over the border, right over there, because of the battle

:14:04.:14:07.

in the local countryside, there are tens of thousands of more

:14:08.:14:09.

But, in this camp, they are building more capacity.

:14:10.:14:19.

It's an AK-47, not a bad representation.

:14:20.:14:44.

That's the top of some glue, I think.

:14:45.:14:46.

These are two storey affairs, one family on the bottom,

:14:47.:15:00.

Not only do we have balconies but, look, here, sunshades as well.

:15:01.:15:05.

It gets pretty hot here in the summer.

:15:06.:15:07.

There are a number of striking things.

:15:08.:15:10.

If we just spin around, over here, is a bedroom.

:15:11.:15:20.

And, if we scoot in here, this is probably the most

:15:21.:15:31.

important innovations, compared to the rest of the camp.

:15:32.:15:34.

There is a tiny bathroom and shower, and, look at this, it

:15:35.:15:36.

The thing you feel here is a sense of permanence.

:15:37.:15:46.

That the war isn't going to end, that the people, the refugees

:15:47.:15:49.

in these camps, aren't going to disappear.

:15:50.:15:52.

You can stand on these balconies and you can feel

:15:53.:15:55.

You can look out some of the windows and you can see Syria.

:15:56.:16:01.

Actually, over the other side of this border,

:16:02.:16:03.

right now the sun is about to go down on people that are cold,

:16:04.:16:07.

shivering, fleeing that war and waiting at the other side

:16:08.:16:09.

of the border to get into Turkey, to get into places like this.

:16:10.:16:13.

The Turkish authorities say they have built this just in case.

:16:14.:16:21.

Can you imagine the war in Syria getting even worse?

:16:22.:16:25.

The Turkish authorities say that perhaps it will get worse

:16:26.:16:30.

and as many as 600,000 extra refugees could be flooding

:16:31.:16:32.

Which has already received 2.5 million.

:16:33.:16:39.

Now a look at some of the days other news.

:16:40.:16:42.

The chief of North Korea's military is reported to have been executed

:16:43.:16:45.

Army General Ri Yong-gil, who served under leader

:16:46.:16:51.

Kim Jong Un, also faced charges of pursuing personal gains.

:16:52.:16:54.

A source close to North Korean affairs says the execution

:16:55.:16:57.

South Africa's mining union says time is running out to save three

:16:58.:17:06.

people trapped in a gold mine since Friday.

:17:07.:17:08.

The two women and a man were working in a container which tumbled

:17:09.:17:11.

More than 70 miners managed to escape from the Lily Mine

:17:12.:17:16.

in the north-east of the country after it collapsed.

:17:17.:17:20.

In Afghanistan a video has emerged of a young woman being lashed

:17:21.:17:23.

in public by men who have reportedly accused her of a telephone

:17:24.:17:26.

conservation with a man who is not related to her.

:17:27.:17:30.

The video has been obtained by a local reporter of Tolo

:17:31.:17:33.

It shows a young woman sitting while three men hit her and a crowd

:17:34.:17:38.

Harun Najafizadah Reports from Kabul.

:17:39.:17:41.

The young woman is lashed 100 times, in turn, by at least three reported

:17:42.:17:45.

Local residents stand by and watch the lashing.

:17:46.:17:54.

Some, including armed people, film it on their smartphones.

:17:55.:17:59.

She's punished for talking on the phone with a man who wasn't

:18:00.:18:02.

The Taliban in Faryab accuse her of an illicit

:18:03.:18:08.

relationship with the man on the other side of the phone.

:18:09.:18:14.

The rest of the video, which has been obtained by Tolo TV

:18:15.:18:17.

in Afghanistan, is too graphic to be shown.

:18:18.:18:20.

Local officials in the northern Faryab province confirmed to the BBC

:18:21.:18:22.

that the punishment and recording happened in a Taliban controlled

:18:23.:18:25.

region, about 20 kilometres away from the capital,

:18:26.:18:27.

A Taliban spokesman, however, says that it is not them,

:18:28.:18:34.

This province in northern Afghanistan has been hit hard

:18:35.:18:40.

But in a country deeply engulfed in traditional values,

:18:41.:18:53.

it is not always the Taliban that take on punishments of women such

:18:54.:18:56.

as stoning or lashing for moral crimes.

:18:57.:18:58.

Religious scholars in Kabul condemn such punishments,

:18:59.:19:00.

calling them extrajudicial and un-Islamic.

:19:01.:19:05.

But in Afghanistan, where implementation of the rule

:19:06.:19:07.

of law is still a big challenge, the government fails to bring

:19:08.:19:10.

We are expecting a major science announcement to be made on Thursday.

:19:11.:19:30.

About 100 years ago, Albert Einstein proposed the existence of

:19:31.:19:38.

gravitational waves. It is believed that scientists in the United States

:19:39.:19:41.

are on the verge of confirming that they have proof.

:19:42.:19:45.

Last year our science correspondent Rebecca Morelle went

:19:46.:19:47.

to an observatory in Pisa, Italy to see how scientists might

:19:48.:19:49.

The idea is, every object sends out ripples of gravitational energy,

:19:50.:19:55.

invisible disturbances in the fabric of space and time.

:19:56.:19:58.

Einstein proposed that the universe is awash with these waves.

:19:59.:20:03.

The tunnel is so long down here that we have to get into this

:20:04.:20:06.

But when a gravitational wave passes through

:20:07.:20:13.

here, it changes the length of the tunnel by a tiny amount,

:20:14.:20:17.

just a fraction of the width of an atom.

:20:18.:20:21.

And it is this that scientists are trying to spot.

:20:22.:20:30.

Rebecca joined me early and told me how important the discovery could

:20:31.:20:37.

be. Einstein came up with this proposal for gravitational waves 100

:20:38.:20:41.

years ago. So many of the things that he dreamt up as part of his

:20:42.:20:45.

theory of general relativity have been proven correct. This would be

:20:46.:20:48.

another feather in his cap. Also, in terms of our understanding of the

:20:49.:20:53.

universe, it is awash with these waves. We know they are there, they

:20:54.:20:57.

have to be, for physics to make sense. But we have never seen them

:20:58.:21:01.

before. So to get our hands on one of them, for the first time, to get

:21:02.:21:07.

a proper, direct detection, that would be enormous for scientists.

:21:08.:21:13.

Why has it taken so long to find them? The problem is, they are quite

:21:14.:21:19.

weak. We all give them off. I am giving of gravitational waves, but

:21:20.:21:22.

mine are really puny, in universal terms. If you have a big event, like

:21:23.:21:27.

a black hole colliding with another one, or exploding star, they give

:21:28.:21:31.

off bigger doses of gravitational waves. But they are still pretty

:21:32.:21:35.

big. You need very sensitive machinery to detect them. You had a

:21:36.:21:39.

behind-the-scenes look at some of this. What was that like? Amazing,

:21:40.:21:44.

to get underground and see these places. That was an observatory in

:21:45.:21:48.

Italy. I think it is the one in America, slightly bigger, they have

:21:49.:21:53.

two of them, they have huge tunnels that are kilometres long. It is an

:21:54.:21:59.

elaborate setup. It uses lasers, mirrors, these tunnels. What it is

:22:00.:22:02.

doing is trying to measure the length of the tunnel is very

:22:03.:22:06.

precisely. When eight gravitational wave passes through, it suddenly

:22:07.:22:11.

changes the length of it, because it disturbs everything passes through.

:22:12.:22:14.

If it passes through you, all of your atoms would be squished and

:22:15.:22:17.

squeezed. It is these tiny distortions they are trying to

:22:18.:22:22.

detect. You need incredibly elaborate setups. It's not just a

:22:23.:22:25.

case of having an experiment running in your living room that can pick it

:22:26.:22:29.

up, they are on a massive scale. The ones in America are really

:22:30.:22:33.

impressive. Hopefully, in the future, when you have the American

:22:34.:22:36.

one running and the one in Italy running, that will be amazing. You

:22:37.:22:40.

will be able to triangulate to find out exactly where the events are

:22:41.:22:45.

happening in the sky. It's going to be a fantastic announcement

:22:46.:22:46.

tomorrow, we hope. Now, many pet owners believe music

:22:47.:22:48.

helps their animals to relax - But there is some evidence that

:22:49.:22:50.

human harmonies may not be That's why David Teie,

:22:51.:22:55.

a cellist with the America's National Symphony Orchestra,

:22:56.:22:59.

has come up with a composition which scientists say may be more

:23:00.:23:01.

appealing to felines than Mozart The BBC's Jane O'Brien went

:23:02.:23:04.

to meet him. Contrary and inscrutable,

:23:05.:23:15.

it's hard to fathom what goes So imagine trying to gauge

:23:16.:23:20.

their taste in music. Well, you are, in fact,

:23:21.:23:28.

listening to music for cats. It is composed by

:23:29.:23:38.

David Teie, a cellist with the National Symphony

:23:39.:23:40.

Orchestra, who believes music Music, as I understand it,

:23:41.:23:42.

it's kind of a distilled form of the emotional communication

:23:43.:23:49.

that we have and share. If we can find a way to communicate

:23:50.:23:54.

and connect with other species in the same way,

:23:55.:23:58.

we have a better understanding of them, and a better

:23:59.:24:01.

understanding of ourselves Unlike humans, who can

:24:02.:24:02.

appreciate anything from Metallica to Mozart,

:24:03.:24:13.

a cat's range is pretty limited. The upper range of the

:24:14.:24:17.

cat's vocalisations. We put his music to the test

:24:18.:24:27.

at Washington's Crumbs And Whiskers Cat Cafe, where dozens

:24:28.:24:43.

of musical moggies live together All these cats seemed

:24:44.:24:45.

very happy and they are certainly not distressed

:24:46.:24:53.

by the music, so that's But, of course, cats

:24:54.:24:55.

being cats, it's very difficult to tell

:24:56.:24:58.

exactly what is going on. More rigorous testing

:24:59.:25:03.

has been carried out Researchers measured the time it

:25:04.:25:05.

took cats to respond separately to human and cat music,

:25:06.:25:09.

and looked for signs of pleasure. The conclusion, six out of ten cats

:25:10.:25:15.

purr-ferred cat music. But, according to the

:25:16.:25:18.

study, the majority of cats do appreciate it

:25:19.:25:24.

and are pleased by it. Roll over Beethoven and keep

:25:25.:25:32.

your Bach for the dogs. Cat music, the answer to all of our

:25:33.:25:36.

problems! Thanks for being with us. Hello. The mercury is falling. It is

:25:37.:26:10.

a cold night out there. It will be a chilly megastar tomorrow morning.

:26:11.:26:13.

The frost in many places, particularly in

:26:14.:26:14.

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