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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.
Ten people are killed in a head-on collision between two commuter
They were travelling at high speed on the same line.
Investigators are trying to find out if human error or a technical
There was blood everywhere and some people flew away,
some hit their head on the chairs, or windows or armrests or something.
The US state of New Hampshire votes for its Republican and Democratic
With hundreds of thousands of Syrians facing life under siege
in Aleppo, refugees are warned there's no more room in camps
So it's very very difficult now to be here, now the regime has cut
one of the two roads that supply Aleppo city.
And, as Japan starts catching Minke whales in defiance
Offered international court ruling we ask if eating whale meat is part
of Japanese culture. That's the big question after two
German trains crashed They were travelling
on the same single track, heading towards each
other at full speed. At least ten people were killed -
with another hundred or so injured. Several carriages were derailed
and emergency teams worked for hours On a quiet commuter line,
the violence of a head-on collision. This footage was taken
moments after the I can't move my arm,
one woman shouts. Don't worry, a passenger replies,
the police will be here soon. The man who took this
video escaped unhurt. There was blood everywhere
because some people flew And some hit their head
on the chairs or Windows or armrest The train line runs between a wooded
hillside and river. Easier to carry the dead
and injured away by air, TRANSLATION: The collision
was head-on and at high At the accident site the speed limit
is around 100 kilometres There is a bend in that stretch
of track and you have to assume the train drivers had little if any
eye contact before the collision. Investigators have recovered two
of three black boxes. The crash happened
on a single track. Trains use a nearby station
where there is a double track There is an automatic braking system
designed to halt any train that Joe, a regular commuter,
told us his train usually stops and waits for the oncoming
train to pass. This morning, he said,
was different. Normally the train has to wait five
minutes for the oncoming train. And three minutes, waiting three
minutes, suddenly it set off. This has horrified
Germany, a country where rail crashes
are relatively rare. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel
said she is saddened and shocked And bear this in mind,
it is the school People tell us on a normal morning,
these trains would have been As the light fades,
the work continues. It will be weeks
perhaps months before The crash site is illuminated with
floodlights. It is a little bit hard to make out exactly what is going
floodlights. It is a little bit hard at the moment, there is indication
that there may be movement of some of the carriages. Not quite clear.
We understand the police investigators will continue
We understand the police work early tomorrow morning, when
the sun comes up. We work early tomorrow morning, when
three black boxes, data recorders, have been recovered but a third is
missing and that will be crucial for investigators trying to work out
what went so horribly investigators trying to work out
track behind me. How unusual is it for a country like Germany to suffer
a transport tragedy like this. This is unusual, it has been described as
one of the worst train crashes in Germany's recent history. Many of
the people here are in shock. This is a little commuter line. Something
that takes people to work and takes many children to school every
morning. The idea that this could happen, this line of track, we are
told, has a special system on it, whereby there is a red light to
prevent people from proceeding if there is a red light. What went
wrong? People find it hard to understand. There is deep mourning
for the victims and their families. Thanks.
The US says North Korea has restarted one of its nuclear
reactors, in defiance of international agreements.
The US director of national intelligence said the plutonium
reactor could provide fuel for nuclear weapons.
On Sunday, North Korea carried out a long-range rocket launch,
just weeks after conducting a banned nuclear weapons test.
Lawyers for the South African president have told the country's
Constitutional Court that Jacob Zuma will repay all improvements
to his ranch that were not security-related.
Mr Zuma's lawyers made the announcement
whether he should pay back some of the $23 million
of taxpayers' money spent on refurbishing his private home.
The case has been brought by opposition parties,
some of whom held demonstrations outside the courthouse
in Johannesburg chanting "pay back the money" and "Zuma must fall".
Former Bosnian Serb general Zdravko Tolimir, described
as commander Ratko Mladic's right-hand man during the Bosnia
war, has died in custody in the Hague.
The 67-year-old was convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal
of genocide and crimes against humanity during the Bosnian
His crimes included the 1995 Srebrenica massacre of eight
thousand Bosnian Muslim men and boys.
Voting has begun in the US state of New Hampshire,
the second of fifty states to choose its candidates
for the presidential election in November.
Opinion polls suggest Donald Trump has a strong lead
for the Republicans, while in the race for the Democrat
nomination, Bernie Sanders is way ahead of Hillary Clinton.
That is the scene at one polling station in Manchester, New
Hampshire. A stream of people coming in to cast their vote. We can get a
report from our North America editor.
I hear we're going to do well, but the snow is out there.
But in the blizzard of predictions about New Hampshire,
the one constant has been the real estate mogul in the lead.
In the polls no-one is even close, which makes the battle all the more
intense for which mainstream Republican is going to take him on.
Senator Marco Rubio, young, emerged from
On the streets of New Hampshire he's faced protesters.
But at the weekend, in the final televised Republican debate,
he was subject to a brutal political mugging.
You see everybody I want the people at home to think about this.
The drive-by shot at the beginning with incorrect and incomplete
information and then the memorised 25-second speech.
That is exactly what they just gave him.
The kicking came from the New Jersey governor, Chris Christie.
I spoke to him last night about what impact his
There was a march by the media towards Senator Rubio,
that march is now over because they know he's not ready.
Has it risen for governor Christie then?
But all that is now in the hands of these people - the voters.
Donald Trump has led here in New Hampshire in every
His challenge today is to turn a poll lead into actual votes,
something he failed to do in Iowa last week.
On the Democratic side, Bernie Sanders has a similar
But this is a state that has a history of springing surprises.
This is the fervour that you find at a Bernie Sanders rally,
young people, and the not so young, believing that a different type
of politics is possible from Vermont's veteran socialist
All of which has left Hillary Clinton, the runaway
favourite from six months ago, on the defensive, lowering
expectations and looking to future battles where she might find
Jon Sopel, BBC News, Manchester New Hampshire.
Let's get more from New Hampshire from Kim Ghattas who's in
Iowa last week and New Hampshire today, what is the difference
between caucuses and primaries? It is an interesting difference and it
is part of this process, that Democrats and republicans go through
to nominate their candidate for each party for the presidential race. In
Iowa we saw caucuses, where political supporters, registered
voters on the Democratic side and Republican side come together
separately in different precincts, over 1600 of them, they come
together in a room in high school, public library, to decide which way
they will go and which candidate they will support. On the Democratic
side you had supporters of Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders coming
together in one room. You try to pull people in different into one
corner or the other until one side wins. At the county level they have
a delegate count and it adds up to the delicate number at state level.
At the end of that we saw Hillary Clinton had a razor-thin majority.
One, two extra delegates she won Iowa. In New Hampshire it is
different, more traditional voting, where you go to the polls, they
opens this morning, people go in and cast a ballot for the preferred
candidate. What is interesting about New Hampshire, you can vote anyway,
Democrat or Republican will stop it is the independents who will this
way the result. Is it getting nasty, all par for the course? This is a
very unusual election year. We have seen upsets on both sides. We have
Hillary Clinton, who did not expect to be challenged the way she has
been challenged by a 74-year-old socialist senator from Vermont. He
has run a phenomenal campaign, tapping into a sense of frustration
within young people, he is getting the youth vote at levels we have not
seen, more than 80% of young people voting for him in Iowa. He is
getting support from young women, which Hillary Clinton is struggling
with stop on the Republican side, I do not think last year at this point
or even in the summer, anyone expected Trump would lead. And so
far at a national level as well. New Hampshire, as we heard, it has a
history of sprinting surprises. Bernie Sanders is expected to win
here and Donald Trump is expected to win on the Republican side. It is
still a long race to go. Concern is growing over the fate
of Syrians escaping a government The UN says it is concerned that
hundreds of thousands of people in and around the city could be cut
off from food supplies. Tens of thousands of
Syrians have left Aleppo. Medecins Sans Frontieres say in one
town on the Turkish border, families are sleeping
on the streets in the open air, Aleppo in the north of Syria
has seen almost 10 days Government forces -
backed by Russian air strikes - The red area here shows
what they controlled And this is what they control now -
the centre of Aleppo virtually surrounded, and key supply routes
for opposition fighters, and the civilians at the centre
of it all, cut off. The city's a huge prize for both
sides in Syria's intractable conflict, and government forces
are determined to seize it. Hamza Alkhatab is a doctor in one
of the hospitals in a rebel held area of Aleppo, he told us
what the situation is like there. Last year we got news
about the explosive powers then the Russian aircraft bombing,
now it's heavier bombing over Aleppo This morning, we had three aircraft
bombing in three neighbourhoods. Seven people were
killed, all civilians. One of them was a child,
seven years old, so it's very The regime has cut one of two roads
that supply Aleppo City. Now we only have one road and it's
very threatened now. There are reports that Japan's
whaling fleet has begun catching minke whales in the Antarctic
in the past few days. That's despite an international
court ruling calling on Japan to stop what its government calls
a "scientific whaling programme". Japan sent the fleet
back to sea in December, saying whaling is an integral part
of its culture that's been carried Our Tokyo correspondent
Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports. There is nowhere else like Tokyo's
famously chaotic fish market, which is by far the
biggest in the world. That's because Japan
is still the world's biggest But I have come to find whale meat,
and this woman is my guide. Today, there is very
little for sale. This is minke whale meat, and this
is from endangered fin whale. The owner tells me he sells
about 20kg a day - It has been falling for years.
Japanese people don't eat whale meat Japan gets at most 4000 tons
of whalemeat per year but even as the number
of whales caught goes down The Japanese Government says whale
hunting has been part of Japanese The truth is, Japan only
began large scale hunting whales in the Antarctic
after the Second World War, when this country
was hungry and they But as soon as Japan became rich
in the 1970s and '80s, people here lost their
appetite for whalemeat, and today only a tiny percentage
of people continue to eat it. OK, so, this is
sashimi, this is raw? People like my old friend, Kato,
who grew up in western Japan and as a child loved
eating this, but It is with some trepidation that
I take my first mouthful Initially, it feels like you're
eating steak, but... Much stronger flavour,
very gamey, quite chewy. It is certainly not
what I would call delicious, The last time he ate whalemeat
was three years ago. I don't need to catch whales any
more because there is no custom Obviously, beef steak
is much better than that And yet Japan is back in
the Antarctic hunting whales again. This annual hunt cost Japanese
taxpayers tens of millions of dollars, but it has nothing to do
with Japanese culture. Rupert Wingfield-Hayes,
BBC News, in Tokyo. It is one of the major
inconveniences of long-haul travel - That awful, energy-sapping feeling
when you get to the other end, you can't get enough sleep,
or maybe you can't sleep at all. Scientists in the US say
they've found one. You just have to be exposed to short
flashes of light while you are asleep ahead of the flight
to prepare your body Doctor Jamie Zeiter,
the scientists who led the researchers of Stanford
University's School of Medicine. I began by asking him how he got
the idea that flashes of light might This came from some animal
experiments colleagues had done. One of the benefits of having flashes of
light versus continuous light is you can have this occurred during sleep
and be exposed to flashes of light while he was sleeping and it does
not interfere with your sleep. This is when your system is most
sensitive to light. If you are travelling east, you will have liked
in the morning, before you wake up. This is light exposure that would
happen before you wake up, you would have flashes of light and be adapted
to your new time zone. Eusebio flashes of light do not interfere
with sleep, some of us would imagine they would -- you say. We tested
this on a bunch of people and we cannot find an effect on sleep.
There will be some people who are sensitive to light, to sound. Any
sound or light they wake up to, but most adapt well to having an
uninteresting stimulus this flashing stimulus is. They sleep right
through it. It can work when jet lag is the case, how might it apply to
things like shiftwork, even teenagers, who have different sleep
patterns from the rest of the world? With shift workers, it is something
we are working on. We are not quite there with shift workers. With
teenagers we are testing it right now. We are exposing teenagers to
light, so that their brains are living on New York time while their
bodies are living in California. That way, when their brain tells
them to go to sleep at 2am, it is only 11 o'clock at night local time,
to enable them to get more sleep. I am sure many parents would welcome
that! Something like this being incorporated into airlines, how they
cater to you in a flight might be a possibility in future? We think
building this into airlines, hotels, in a sleep mask, bedside lamp, these
are the kinds of ways you can get exposed to it and can help people
adapt, especially on long haul flights, if you are flying from the
UK to China, it is difficult to adapt to. You can use this exposure
to pre-adapt as well as when you get there, to finish that in more rapid
form. We can bring new pictures from a colourful parade in Portugal.
Carnival. A festive mixture of drums and whistles and light-hearted jabs
at Portuguese and international leaders. The carnival has a
reputation for social and political satire. Some of the floats showing
economic hardship. And party leaders. Thousands visit the
carnival 50 kilometres north of Lisbon to watch every year. The
tradition has gone on for centuries. Never too late to start
a new activity - and here's one man 93-year-old Svend Steensgaard had
a career as an immigration After retirement, at the age of 77,
he took up powerlifting, and is now the world's oldest
licensed powerlifter, entering top competitions
across the world and lifting up He's been telling us how he handles
such a demanding sport. I am the oldest powerlifter in the
world. 93 and putting us to shame with his
fitness regime. The German authorities have given
further details of a train crash in Bavaria, in which ten
people were killed Two trains collided head-on
during the morning rush hour. Investigators are seeking
to establish whether it was the result of a technical problem
or human error. The track was fitted
with an automatic braking system But for now from me and the rest
of the team, goodbye. Storm Imogen has passed but it has
left a legacy of cold air across the UK and it will be pretty cold
tomorrow. Just a few showers here and