09/02/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.


Ten people are killed in a head-on collision between two commuter


They were travelling at high speed on the same line.


Investigators are trying to find out if human error or a technical


There was blood everywhere and some people flew away,


some hit their head on the chairs, or windows or armrests or something.


The US state of New Hampshire votes for its Republican and Democratic


With hundreds of thousands of Syrians facing life under siege


in Aleppo, refugees are warned there's no more room in camps


So it's very very difficult now to be here, now the regime has cut


one of the two roads that supply Aleppo city.


And, as Japan starts catching Minke whales in defiance


Offered international court ruling we ask if eating whale meat is part


of Japanese culture. That's the big question after two


German trains crashed They were travelling


on the same single track, heading towards each


other at full speed. At least ten people were killed -


with another hundred or so injured. Several carriages were derailed


and emergency teams worked for hours On a quiet commuter line,


the violence of a head-on collision. This footage was taken


moments after the I can't move my arm,


one woman shouts. Don't worry, a passenger replies,


the police will be here soon. The man who took this


video escaped unhurt. There was blood everywhere


because some people flew And some hit their head


on the chairs or Windows or armrest The train line runs between a wooded


hillside and river. Easier to carry the dead


and injured away by air, TRANSLATION: The collision


was head-on and at high At the accident site the speed limit


is around 100 kilometres There is a bend in that stretch


of track and you have to assume the train drivers had little if any


eye contact before the collision. Investigators have recovered two


of three black boxes. The crash happened


on a single track. Trains use a nearby station


where there is a double track There is an automatic braking system


designed to halt any train that Joe, a regular commuter,


told us his train usually stops and waits for the oncoming


train to pass. This morning, he said,


was different. Normally the train has to wait five


minutes for the oncoming train. And three minutes, waiting three


minutes, suddenly it set off. This has horrified


Germany, a country where rail crashes


are relatively rare. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel


said she is saddened and shocked And bear this in mind,


it is the school People tell us on a normal morning,


these trains would have been As the light fades,


the work continues. It will be weeks


perhaps months before The crash site is illuminated with


floodlights. It is a little bit hard to make out exactly what is going


floodlights. It is a little bit hard at the moment, there is indication


that there may be movement of some of the carriages. Not quite clear.


We understand the police investigators will continue


We understand the police work early tomorrow morning, when


the sun comes up. We work early tomorrow morning, when


three black boxes, data recorders, have been recovered but a third is


missing and that will be crucial for investigators trying to work out


what went so horribly investigators trying to work out


track behind me. How unusual is it for a country like Germany to suffer


a transport tragedy like this. This is unusual, it has been described as


one of the worst train crashes in Germany's recent history. Many of


the people here are in shock. This is a little commuter line. Something


that takes people to work and takes many children to school every


morning. The idea that this could happen, this line of track, we are


told, has a special system on it, whereby there is a red light to


prevent people from proceeding if there is a red light. What went


wrong? People find it hard to understand. There is deep mourning


for the victims and their families. Thanks.


The US says North Korea has restarted one of its nuclear


reactors, in defiance of international agreements.


The US director of national intelligence said the plutonium


reactor could provide fuel for nuclear weapons.


On Sunday, North Korea carried out a long-range rocket launch,


just weeks after conducting a banned nuclear weapons test.


Lawyers for the South African president have told the country's


Constitutional Court that Jacob Zuma will repay all improvements


to his ranch that were not security-related.


Mr Zuma's lawyers made the announcement


whether he should pay back some of the $23 million


of taxpayers' money spent on refurbishing his private home.


The case has been brought by opposition parties,


some of whom held demonstrations outside the courthouse


in Johannesburg chanting "pay back the money" and "Zuma must fall".


Former Bosnian Serb general Zdravko Tolimir, described


as commander Ratko Mladic's right-hand man during the Bosnia


war, has died in custody in the Hague.


The 67-year-old was convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal


of genocide and crimes against humanity during the Bosnian


His crimes included the 1995 Srebrenica massacre of eight


thousand Bosnian Muslim men and boys.


Voting has begun in the US state of New Hampshire,


the second of fifty states to choose its candidates


for the presidential election in November.


Opinion polls suggest Donald Trump has a strong lead


for the Republicans, while in the race for the Democrat


nomination, Bernie Sanders is way ahead of Hillary Clinton.


That is the scene at one polling station in Manchester, New


Hampshire. A stream of people coming in to cast their vote. We can get a


report from our North America editor.


I hear we're going to do well, but the snow is out there.


But in the blizzard of predictions about New Hampshire,


the one constant has been the real estate mogul in the lead.


In the polls no-one is even close, which makes the battle all the more


intense for which mainstream Republican is going to take him on.


Senator Marco Rubio, young, emerged from


On the streets of New Hampshire he's faced protesters.


But at the weekend, in the final televised Republican debate,


he was subject to a brutal political mugging.


You see everybody I want the people at home to think about this.


The drive-by shot at the beginning with incorrect and incomplete


information and then the memorised 25-second speech.


That is exactly what they just gave him.


The kicking came from the New Jersey governor, Chris Christie.


I spoke to him last night about what impact his


There was a march by the media towards Senator Rubio,


that march is now over because they know he's not ready.


Has it risen for governor Christie then?


But all that is now in the hands of these people - the voters.


Donald Trump has led here in New Hampshire in every


His challenge today is to turn a poll lead into actual votes,


something he failed to do in Iowa last week.


On the Democratic side, Bernie Sanders has a similar


But this is a state that has a history of springing surprises.


This is the fervour that you find at a Bernie Sanders rally,


young people, and the not so young, believing that a different type


of politics is possible from Vermont's veteran socialist


All of which has left Hillary Clinton, the runaway


favourite from six months ago, on the defensive, lowering


expectations and looking to future battles where she might find


Jon Sopel, BBC News, Manchester New Hampshire.


Let's get more from New Hampshire from Kim Ghattas who's in


Iowa last week and New Hampshire today, what is the difference


between caucuses and primaries? It is an interesting difference and it


is part of this process, that Democrats and republicans go through


to nominate their candidate for each party for the presidential race. In


Iowa we saw caucuses, where political supporters, registered


voters on the Democratic side and Republican side come together


separately in different precincts, over 1600 of them, they come


together in a room in high school, public library, to decide which way


they will go and which candidate they will support. On the Democratic


side you had supporters of Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders coming


together in one room. You try to pull people in different into one


corner or the other until one side wins. At the county level they have


a delegate count and it adds up to the delicate number at state level.


At the end of that we saw Hillary Clinton had a razor-thin majority.


One, two extra delegates she won Iowa. In New Hampshire it is


different, more traditional voting, where you go to the polls, they


opens this morning, people go in and cast a ballot for the preferred


candidate. What is interesting about New Hampshire, you can vote anyway,


Democrat or Republican will stop it is the independents who will this


way the result. Is it getting nasty, all par for the course? This is a


very unusual election year. We have seen upsets on both sides. We have


Hillary Clinton, who did not expect to be challenged the way she has


been challenged by a 74-year-old socialist senator from Vermont. He


has run a phenomenal campaign, tapping into a sense of frustration


within young people, he is getting the youth vote at levels we have not


seen, more than 80% of young people voting for him in Iowa. He is


getting support from young women, which Hillary Clinton is struggling


with stop on the Republican side, I do not think last year at this point


or even in the summer, anyone expected Trump would lead. And so


far at a national level as well. New Hampshire, as we heard, it has a


history of sprinting surprises. Bernie Sanders is expected to win


here and Donald Trump is expected to win on the Republican side. It is


still a long race to go. Concern is growing over the fate


of Syrians escaping a government The UN says it is concerned that


hundreds of thousands of people in and around the city could be cut


off from food supplies. Tens of thousands of


Syrians have left Aleppo. Medecins Sans Frontieres say in one


town on the Turkish border, families are sleeping


on the streets in the open air, Aleppo in the north of Syria


has seen almost 10 days Government forces -


backed by Russian air strikes - The red area here shows


what they controlled And this is what they control now -


the centre of Aleppo virtually surrounded, and key supply routes


for opposition fighters, and the civilians at the centre


of it all, cut off. The city's a huge prize for both


sides in Syria's intractable conflict, and government forces


are determined to seize it. Hamza Alkhatab is a doctor in one


of the hospitals in a rebel held area of Aleppo, he told us


what the situation is like there. Last year we got news


about the explosive powers then the Russian aircraft bombing,


now it's heavier bombing over Aleppo This morning, we had three aircraft


bombing in three neighbourhoods. Seven people were


killed, all civilians. One of them was a child,


seven years old, so it's very The regime has cut one of two roads


that supply Aleppo City. Now we only have one road and it's


very threatened now. There are reports that Japan's


whaling fleet has begun catching minke whales in the Antarctic


in the past few days. That's despite an international


court ruling calling on Japan to stop what its government calls


a "scientific whaling programme". Japan sent the fleet


back to sea in December, saying whaling is an integral part


of its culture that's been carried Our Tokyo correspondent


Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports. There is nowhere else like Tokyo's


famously chaotic fish market, which is by far the


biggest in the world. That's because Japan


is still the world's biggest But I have come to find whale meat,


and this woman is my guide. Today, there is very


little for sale. This is minke whale meat, and this


is from endangered fin whale. The owner tells me he sells


about 20kg a day - It has been falling for years.


Japanese people don't eat whale meat Japan gets at most 4000 tons


of whalemeat per year but even as the number


of whales caught goes down The Japanese Government says whale


hunting has been part of Japanese The truth is, Japan only


began large scale hunting whales in the Antarctic


after the Second World War, when this country


was hungry and they But as soon as Japan became rich


in the 1970s and '80s, people here lost their


appetite for whalemeat, and today only a tiny percentage


of people continue to eat it. OK, so, this is


sashimi, this is raw? People like my old friend, Kato,


who grew up in western Japan and as a child loved


eating this, but It is with some trepidation that


I take my first mouthful Initially, it feels like you're


eating steak, but... Much stronger flavour,


very gamey, quite chewy. It is certainly not


what I would call delicious, The last time he ate whalemeat


was three years ago. I don't need to catch whales any


more because there is no custom Obviously, beef steak


is much better than that And yet Japan is back in


the Antarctic hunting whales again. This annual hunt cost Japanese


taxpayers tens of millions of dollars, but it has nothing to do


with Japanese culture. Rupert Wingfield-Hayes,


BBC News, in Tokyo. It is one of the major


inconveniences of long-haul travel - That awful, energy-sapping feeling


when you get to the other end, you can't get enough sleep,


or maybe you can't sleep at all. Scientists in the US say


they've found one. You just have to be exposed to short


flashes of light while you are asleep ahead of the flight


to prepare your body Doctor Jamie Zeiter,


the scientists who led the researchers of Stanford


University's School of Medicine. I began by asking him how he got


the idea that flashes of light might This came from some animal


experiments colleagues had done. One of the benefits of having flashes of


light versus continuous light is you can have this occurred during sleep


and be exposed to flashes of light while he was sleeping and it does


not interfere with your sleep. This is when your system is most


sensitive to light. If you are travelling east, you will have liked


in the morning, before you wake up. This is light exposure that would


happen before you wake up, you would have flashes of light and be adapted


to your new time zone. Eusebio flashes of light do not interfere


with sleep, some of us would imagine they would -- you say. We tested


this on a bunch of people and we cannot find an effect on sleep.


There will be some people who are sensitive to light, to sound. Any


sound or light they wake up to, but most adapt well to having an


uninteresting stimulus this flashing stimulus is. They sleep right


through it. It can work when jet lag is the case, how might it apply to


things like shiftwork, even teenagers, who have different sleep


patterns from the rest of the world? With shift workers, it is something


we are working on. We are not quite there with shift workers. With


teenagers we are testing it right now. We are exposing teenagers to


light, so that their brains are living on New York time while their


bodies are living in California. That way, when their brain tells


them to go to sleep at 2am, it is only 11 o'clock at night local time,


to enable them to get more sleep. I am sure many parents would welcome


that! Something like this being incorporated into airlines, how they


cater to you in a flight might be a possibility in future? We think


building this into airlines, hotels, in a sleep mask, bedside lamp, these


are the kinds of ways you can get exposed to it and can help people


adapt, especially on long haul flights, if you are flying from the


UK to China, it is difficult to adapt to. You can use this exposure


to pre-adapt as well as when you get there, to finish that in more rapid


form. We can bring new pictures from a colourful parade in Portugal.


Carnival. A festive mixture of drums and whistles and light-hearted jabs


at Portuguese and international leaders. The carnival has a


reputation for social and political satire. Some of the floats showing


economic hardship. And party leaders. Thousands visit the


carnival 50 kilometres north of Lisbon to watch every year. The


tradition has gone on for centuries. Never too late to start


a new activity - and here's one man 93-year-old Svend Steensgaard had


a career as an immigration After retirement, at the age of 77,


he took up powerlifting, and is now the world's oldest


licensed powerlifter, entering top competitions


across the world and lifting up He's been telling us how he handles


such a demanding sport. I am the oldest powerlifter in the


world. 93 and putting us to shame with his


fitness regime. The German authorities have given


further details of a train crash in Bavaria, in which ten


people were killed Two trains collided head-on


during the morning rush hour. Investigators are seeking


to establish whether it was the result of a technical problem


or human error. The track was fitted


with an automatic braking system But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Storm Imogen has passed but it has


left a legacy of cold air across the UK and it will be pretty cold


tomorrow. Just a few showers here and


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