09/02/2016 World News Today


09/02/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.

:00:00.:00:08.

Ten people are killed in a head-on collision between two commuter

:00:09.:00:11.

They were travelling at high speed on the same line.

:00:12.:00:14.

Investigators are trying to find out if human error or a technical

:00:15.:00:17.

There was blood everywhere and some people flew away,

:00:18.:00:32.

some hit their head on the chairs, or windows or armrests or something.

:00:33.:00:37.

The US state of New Hampshire votes for its Republican and Democratic

:00:38.:00:40.

With hundreds of thousands of Syrians facing life under siege

:00:41.:00:44.

in Aleppo, refugees are warned there's no more room in camps

:00:45.:00:46.

So it's very very difficult now to be here, now the regime has cut

:00:47.:00:57.

one of the two roads that supply Aleppo city.

:00:58.:01:02.

And, as Japan starts catching Minke whales in defiance

:01:03.:01:14.

Offered international court ruling we ask if eating whale meat is part

:01:15.:01:17.

of Japanese culture. That's the big question after two

:01:18.:01:23.

German trains crashed They were travelling

:01:24.:01:28.

on the same single track, heading towards each

:01:29.:01:31.

other at full speed. At least ten people were killed -

:01:32.:01:35.

with another hundred or so injured. Several carriages were derailed

:01:36.:01:38.

and emergency teams worked for hours On a quiet commuter line,

:01:39.:01:40.

the violence of a head-on collision. This footage was taken

:01:41.:01:49.

moments after the I can't move my arm,

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one woman shouts. Don't worry, a passenger replies,

:01:54.:02:04.

the police will be here soon. The man who took this

:02:05.:02:08.

video escaped unhurt. There was blood everywhere

:02:09.:02:12.

because some people flew And some hit their head

:02:13.:02:14.

on the chairs or Windows or armrest The train line runs between a wooded

:02:15.:02:21.

hillside and river. Easier to carry the dead

:02:22.:02:32.

and injured away by air, TRANSLATION: The collision

:02:33.:02:34.

was head-on and at high At the accident site the speed limit

:02:35.:02:43.

is around 100 kilometres There is a bend in that stretch

:02:44.:02:46.

of track and you have to assume the train drivers had little if any

:02:47.:02:53.

eye contact before the collision. Investigators have recovered two

:02:54.:02:56.

of three black boxes. The crash happened

:02:57.:02:59.

on a single track. Trains use a nearby station

:03:00.:03:03.

where there is a double track There is an automatic braking system

:03:04.:03:06.

designed to halt any train that Joe, a regular commuter,

:03:07.:03:17.

told us his train usually stops and waits for the oncoming

:03:18.:03:21.

train to pass. This morning, he said,

:03:22.:03:23.

was different. Normally the train has to wait five

:03:24.:03:25.

minutes for the oncoming train. And three minutes, waiting three

:03:26.:03:32.

minutes, suddenly it set off. This has horrified

:03:33.:03:38.

Germany, a country where rail crashes

:03:39.:03:40.

are relatively rare. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel

:03:41.:03:46.

said she is saddened and shocked And bear this in mind,

:03:47.:03:48.

it is the school People tell us on a normal morning,

:03:49.:03:53.

these trains would have been As the light fades,

:03:54.:03:57.

the work continues. It will be weeks

:03:58.:04:03.

perhaps months before The crash site is illuminated with

:04:04.:04:29.

floodlights. It is a little bit hard to make out exactly what is going

:04:30.:04:33.

floodlights. It is a little bit hard at the moment, there is indication

:04:34.:04:37.

that there may be movement of some of the carriages. Not quite clear.

:04:38.:04:42.

We understand the police investigators will continue

:04:43.:04:45.

We understand the police work early tomorrow morning, when

:04:46.:04:46.

the sun comes up. We work early tomorrow morning, when

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three black boxes, data recorders, have been recovered but a third is

:04:55.:04:59.

missing and that will be crucial for investigators trying to work out

:05:00.:05:01.

what went so horribly investigators trying to work out

:05:02.:05:09.

track behind me. How unusual is it for a country like Germany to suffer

:05:10.:05:16.

a transport tragedy like this. This is unusual, it has been described as

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one of the worst train crashes in Germany's recent history. Many of

:05:23.:05:27.

the people here are in shock. This is a little commuter line. Something

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that takes people to work and takes many children to school every

:05:34.:05:38.

morning. The idea that this could happen, this line of track, we are

:05:39.:05:44.

told, has a special system on it, whereby there is a red light to

:05:45.:05:50.

prevent people from proceeding if there is a red light. What went

:05:51.:05:55.

wrong? People find it hard to understand. There is deep mourning

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for the victims and their families. Thanks.

:06:01.:06:04.

The US says North Korea has restarted one of its nuclear

:06:05.:06:09.

reactors, in defiance of international agreements.

:06:10.:06:11.

The US director of national intelligence said the plutonium

:06:12.:06:15.

reactor could provide fuel for nuclear weapons.

:06:16.:06:18.

On Sunday, North Korea carried out a long-range rocket launch,

:06:19.:06:20.

just weeks after conducting a banned nuclear weapons test.

:06:21.:06:26.

Lawyers for the South African president have told the country's

:06:27.:06:28.

Constitutional Court that Jacob Zuma will repay all improvements

:06:29.:06:32.

to his ranch that were not security-related.

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Mr Zuma's lawyers made the announcement

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whether he should pay back some of the $23 million

:06:37.:06:41.

of taxpayers' money spent on refurbishing his private home.

:06:42.:06:45.

The case has been brought by opposition parties,

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some of whom held demonstrations outside the courthouse

:06:49.:06:50.

in Johannesburg chanting "pay back the money" and "Zuma must fall".

:06:51.:06:56.

Former Bosnian Serb general Zdravko Tolimir, described

:06:57.:07:00.

as commander Ratko Mladic's right-hand man during the Bosnia

:07:01.:07:04.

war, has died in custody in the Hague.

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The 67-year-old was convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal

:07:07.:07:08.

of genocide and crimes against humanity during the Bosnian

:07:09.:07:10.

His crimes included the 1995 Srebrenica massacre of eight

:07:11.:07:16.

thousand Bosnian Muslim men and boys.

:07:17.:07:22.

Voting has begun in the US state of New Hampshire,

:07:23.:07:24.

the second of fifty states to choose its candidates

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for the presidential election in November.

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Opinion polls suggest Donald Trump has a strong lead

:07:30.:07:31.

for the Republicans, while in the race for the Democrat

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nomination, Bernie Sanders is way ahead of Hillary Clinton.

:07:35.:07:44.

That is the scene at one polling station in Manchester, New

:07:45.:07:50.

Hampshire. A stream of people coming in to cast their vote. We can get a

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report from our North America editor.

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I hear we're going to do well, but the snow is out there.

:07:58.:08:00.

But in the blizzard of predictions about New Hampshire,

:08:01.:08:06.

the one constant has been the real estate mogul in the lead.

:08:07.:08:09.

In the polls no-one is even close, which makes the battle all the more

:08:10.:08:13.

intense for which mainstream Republican is going to take him on.

:08:14.:08:20.

Senator Marco Rubio, young, emerged from

:08:21.:08:21.

On the streets of New Hampshire he's faced protesters.

:08:22.:08:30.

But at the weekend, in the final televised Republican debate,

:08:31.:08:33.

he was subject to a brutal political mugging.

:08:34.:08:38.

You see everybody I want the people at home to think about this.

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The drive-by shot at the beginning with incorrect and incomplete

:08:42.:08:45.

information and then the memorised 25-second speech.

:08:46.:08:54.

That is exactly what they just gave him.

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The kicking came from the New Jersey governor, Chris Christie.

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I spoke to him last night about what impact his

:08:59.:09:01.

There was a march by the media towards Senator Rubio,

:09:02.:09:13.

that march is now over because they know he's not ready.

:09:14.:09:16.

Has it risen for governor Christie then?

:09:17.:09:17.

But all that is now in the hands of these people - the voters.

:09:18.:09:22.

Donald Trump has led here in New Hampshire in every

:09:23.:09:25.

His challenge today is to turn a poll lead into actual votes,

:09:26.:09:28.

something he failed to do in Iowa last week.

:09:29.:09:31.

On the Democratic side, Bernie Sanders has a similar

:09:32.:09:33.

But this is a state that has a history of springing surprises.

:09:34.:09:39.

This is the fervour that you find at a Bernie Sanders rally,

:09:40.:09:42.

young people, and the not so young, believing that a different type

:09:43.:09:47.

of politics is possible from Vermont's veteran socialist

:09:48.:09:48.

All of which has left Hillary Clinton, the runaway

:09:49.:09:56.

favourite from six months ago, on the defensive, lowering

:09:57.:10:01.

expectations and looking to future battles where she might find

:10:02.:10:04.

Jon Sopel, BBC News, Manchester New Hampshire.

:10:05.:10:12.

Let's get more from New Hampshire from Kim Ghattas who's in

:10:13.:10:15.

Iowa last week and New Hampshire today, what is the difference

:10:16.:10:27.

between caucuses and primaries? It is an interesting difference and it

:10:28.:10:33.

is part of this process, that Democrats and republicans go through

:10:34.:10:38.

to nominate their candidate for each party for the presidential race. In

:10:39.:10:44.

Iowa we saw caucuses, where political supporters, registered

:10:45.:10:47.

voters on the Democratic side and Republican side come together

:10:48.:10:52.

separately in different precincts, over 1600 of them, they come

:10:53.:10:57.

together in a room in high school, public library, to decide which way

:10:58.:11:01.

they will go and which candidate they will support. On the Democratic

:11:02.:11:06.

side you had supporters of Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders coming

:11:07.:11:10.

together in one room. You try to pull people in different into one

:11:11.:11:14.

corner or the other until one side wins. At the county level they have

:11:15.:11:19.

a delegate count and it adds up to the delicate number at state level.

:11:20.:11:24.

At the end of that we saw Hillary Clinton had a razor-thin majority.

:11:25.:11:30.

One, two extra delegates she won Iowa. In New Hampshire it is

:11:31.:11:35.

different, more traditional voting, where you go to the polls, they

:11:36.:11:40.

opens this morning, people go in and cast a ballot for the preferred

:11:41.:11:44.

candidate. What is interesting about New Hampshire, you can vote anyway,

:11:45.:11:50.

Democrat or Republican will stop it is the independents who will this

:11:51.:11:58.

way the result. Is it getting nasty, all par for the course? This is a

:11:59.:12:03.

very unusual election year. We have seen upsets on both sides. We have

:12:04.:12:09.

Hillary Clinton, who did not expect to be challenged the way she has

:12:10.:12:13.

been challenged by a 74-year-old socialist senator from Vermont. He

:12:14.:12:19.

has run a phenomenal campaign, tapping into a sense of frustration

:12:20.:12:23.

within young people, he is getting the youth vote at levels we have not

:12:24.:12:30.

seen, more than 80% of young people voting for him in Iowa. He is

:12:31.:12:34.

getting support from young women, which Hillary Clinton is struggling

:12:35.:12:39.

with stop on the Republican side, I do not think last year at this point

:12:40.:12:44.

or even in the summer, anyone expected Trump would lead. And so

:12:45.:12:51.

far at a national level as well. New Hampshire, as we heard, it has a

:12:52.:12:57.

history of sprinting surprises. Bernie Sanders is expected to win

:12:58.:13:02.

here and Donald Trump is expected to win on the Republican side. It is

:13:03.:13:04.

still a long race to go. Concern is growing over the fate

:13:05.:13:09.

of Syrians escaping a government The UN says it is concerned that

:13:10.:13:11.

hundreds of thousands of people in and around the city could be cut

:13:12.:13:16.

off from food supplies. Tens of thousands of

:13:17.:13:20.

Syrians have left Aleppo. Medecins Sans Frontieres say in one

:13:21.:13:22.

town on the Turkish border, families are sleeping

:13:23.:13:25.

on the streets in the open air, Aleppo in the north of Syria

:13:26.:13:27.

has seen almost 10 days Government forces -

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backed by Russian air strikes - The red area here shows

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what they controlled And this is what they control now -

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the centre of Aleppo virtually surrounded, and key supply routes

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for opposition fighters, and the civilians at the centre

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of it all, cut off. The city's a huge prize for both

:13:52.:13:54.

sides in Syria's intractable conflict, and government forces

:13:55.:13:57.

are determined to seize it. Hamza Alkhatab is a doctor in one

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of the hospitals in a rebel held area of Aleppo, he told us

:14:00.:14:02.

what the situation is like there. Last year we got news

:14:03.:14:09.

about the explosive powers then the Russian aircraft bombing,

:14:10.:14:28.

now it's heavier bombing over Aleppo This morning, we had three aircraft

:14:29.:14:31.

bombing in three neighbourhoods. Seven people were

:14:32.:14:43.

killed, all civilians. One of them was a child,

:14:44.:14:48.

seven years old, so it's very The regime has cut one of two roads

:14:49.:14:52.

that supply Aleppo City. Now we only have one road and it's

:14:53.:15:05.

very threatened now. There are reports that Japan's

:15:06.:15:12.

whaling fleet has begun catching minke whales in the Antarctic

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in the past few days. That's despite an international

:15:20.:15:22.

court ruling calling on Japan to stop what its government calls

:15:23.:15:25.

a "scientific whaling programme". Japan sent the fleet

:15:26.:15:27.

back to sea in December, saying whaling is an integral part

:15:28.:15:29.

of its culture that's been carried Our Tokyo correspondent

:15:30.:15:32.

Rupert Wingfield-Hayes reports. There is nowhere else like Tokyo's

:15:33.:15:39.

famously chaotic fish market, which is by far the

:15:40.:15:41.

biggest in the world. That's because Japan

:15:42.:15:46.

is still the world's biggest But I have come to find whale meat,

:15:47.:15:48.

and this woman is my guide. Today, there is very

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little for sale. This is minke whale meat, and this

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is from endangered fin whale. The owner tells me he sells

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about 20kg a day - It has been falling for years.

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Japanese people don't eat whale meat Japan gets at most 4000 tons

:16:20.:16:35.

of whalemeat per year but even as the number

:16:36.:16:42.

of whales caught goes down The Japanese Government says whale

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hunting has been part of Japanese The truth is, Japan only

:16:46.:16:49.

began large scale hunting whales in the Antarctic

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after the Second World War, when this country

:16:57.:16:58.

was hungry and they But as soon as Japan became rich

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in the 1970s and '80s, people here lost their

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appetite for whalemeat, and today only a tiny percentage

:17:05.:17:06.

of people continue to eat it. OK, so, this is

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sashimi, this is raw? People like my old friend, Kato,

:17:16.:17:20.

who grew up in western Japan and as a child loved

:17:21.:17:23.

eating this, but It is with some trepidation that

:17:24.:17:25.

I take my first mouthful Initially, it feels like you're

:17:26.:17:42.

eating steak, but... Much stronger flavour,

:17:43.:17:54.

very gamey, quite chewy. It is certainly not

:17:55.:18:01.

what I would call delicious, The last time he ate whalemeat

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was three years ago. I don't need to catch whales any

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more because there is no custom Obviously, beef steak

:18:12.:18:17.

is much better than that And yet Japan is back in

:18:18.:18:37.

the Antarctic hunting whales again. This annual hunt cost Japanese

:18:38.:18:49.

taxpayers tens of millions of dollars, but it has nothing to do

:18:50.:18:53.

with Japanese culture. Rupert Wingfield-Hayes,

:18:54.:18:56.

BBC News, in Tokyo. It is one of the major

:18:57.:19:02.

inconveniences of long-haul travel - That awful, energy-sapping feeling

:19:03.:19:05.

when you get to the other end, you can't get enough sleep,

:19:06.:19:09.

or maybe you can't sleep at all. Scientists in the US say

:19:10.:19:12.

they've found one. You just have to be exposed to short

:19:13.:19:16.

flashes of light while you are asleep ahead of the flight

:19:17.:19:19.

to prepare your body Doctor Jamie Zeiter,

:19:20.:19:21.

the scientists who led the researchers of Stanford

:19:22.:19:30.

University's School of Medicine. I began by asking him how he got

:19:31.:19:32.

the idea that flashes of light might This came from some animal

:19:33.:19:45.

experiments colleagues had done. One of the benefits of having flashes of

:19:46.:19:50.

light versus continuous light is you can have this occurred during sleep

:19:51.:19:53.

and be exposed to flashes of light while he was sleeping and it does

:19:54.:19:57.

not interfere with your sleep. This is when your system is most

:19:58.:20:02.

sensitive to light. If you are travelling east, you will have liked

:20:03.:20:07.

in the morning, before you wake up. This is light exposure that would

:20:08.:20:11.

happen before you wake up, you would have flashes of light and be adapted

:20:12.:20:17.

to your new time zone. Eusebio flashes of light do not interfere

:20:18.:20:21.

with sleep, some of us would imagine they would -- you say. We tested

:20:22.:20:28.

this on a bunch of people and we cannot find an effect on sleep.

:20:29.:20:36.

There will be some people who are sensitive to light, to sound. Any

:20:37.:20:41.

sound or light they wake up to, but most adapt well to having an

:20:42.:20:49.

uninteresting stimulus this flashing stimulus is. They sleep right

:20:50.:20:54.

through it. It can work when jet lag is the case, how might it apply to

:20:55.:21:00.

things like shiftwork, even teenagers, who have different sleep

:21:01.:21:06.

patterns from the rest of the world? With shift workers, it is something

:21:07.:21:12.

we are working on. We are not quite there with shift workers. With

:21:13.:21:16.

teenagers we are testing it right now. We are exposing teenagers to

:21:17.:21:21.

light, so that their brains are living on New York time while their

:21:22.:21:25.

bodies are living in California. That way, when their brain tells

:21:26.:21:31.

them to go to sleep at 2am, it is only 11 o'clock at night local time,

:21:32.:21:37.

to enable them to get more sleep. I am sure many parents would welcome

:21:38.:21:42.

that! Something like this being incorporated into airlines, how they

:21:43.:21:47.

cater to you in a flight might be a possibility in future? We think

:21:48.:21:53.

building this into airlines, hotels, in a sleep mask, bedside lamp, these

:21:54.:21:58.

are the kinds of ways you can get exposed to it and can help people

:21:59.:22:02.

adapt, especially on long haul flights, if you are flying from the

:22:03.:22:07.

UK to China, it is difficult to adapt to. You can use this exposure

:22:08.:22:12.

to pre-adapt as well as when you get there, to finish that in more rapid

:22:13.:22:23.

form. We can bring new pictures from a colourful parade in Portugal.

:22:24.:22:30.

Carnival. A festive mixture of drums and whistles and light-hearted jabs

:22:31.:22:35.

at Portuguese and international leaders. The carnival has a

:22:36.:22:38.

reputation for social and political satire. Some of the floats showing

:22:39.:22:46.

economic hardship. And party leaders. Thousands visit the

:22:47.:22:52.

carnival 50 kilometres north of Lisbon to watch every year. The

:22:53.:22:54.

tradition has gone on for centuries. Never too late to start

:22:55.:22:57.

a new activity - and here's one man 93-year-old Svend Steensgaard had

:22:58.:23:00.

a career as an immigration After retirement, at the age of 77,

:23:01.:23:07.

he took up powerlifting, and is now the world's oldest

:23:08.:23:11.

licensed powerlifter, entering top competitions

:23:12.:23:12.

across the world and lifting up He's been telling us how he handles

:23:13.:23:15.

such a demanding sport. I am the oldest powerlifter in the

:23:16.:23:21.

world. 93 and putting us to shame with his

:23:22.:25:24.

fitness regime. The German authorities have given

:25:25.:25:28.

further details of a train crash in Bavaria, in which ten

:25:29.:25:35.

people were killed Two trains collided head-on

:25:36.:25:39.

during the morning rush hour. Investigators are seeking

:25:40.:25:43.

to establish whether it was the result of a technical problem

:25:44.:25:45.

or human error. The track was fitted

:25:46.:25:47.

with an automatic braking system But for now from me and the rest

:25:48.:25:49.

of the team, goodbye. Storm Imogen has passed but it has

:25:50.:26:11.

left a legacy of cold air across the UK and it will be pretty cold

:26:12.:26:18.

tomorrow. Just a few showers here and

:26:19.:26:19.

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