08/02/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Karin Giannone.


Turkey finds itself at the centre of a crisis stemming from Syria.


Thousands of Syrian refugees are receiving aid at the border -


but Turkey has yet to let them cross.


Britain's Prime Minister warns an exit from the European Union


could lead to camps full of migrants in southern England -


his opponents accuse him of scaremongering.


An eight-year-old girl is pulled alive from the rubble of a building


in Taiwan - it's almost three days since the earthquake hit,


but the search for survivors goes on.


Storm Imogen brings winter chaos to southern Britain.


The waves are actually trundling in here at speeds of 90 miles


an hour, the winds are knocking us over, it's hard to stand up.


And terrifying scenes at a school in Bangalore -


when this leopard leapt out on campus - six people were injured.


Yet more misery at sea for the people risking everything


Turkish state media is reporting that 24 people, including 11


children, have drowned trying to reach Greece -


seen by many as the gateway to mainland Europe.


The victims died when their boat capsized close to the Greek island


of Lesbos - the search for survivors continued into the evening.


These are the latest pictures from the Aegean Sea -


they show the Greek coast guard bringing those they've


Thousands of people try to cross the Mediterranean from Syria,


The German chancellor says she's horrified by Russia's air


campaign over the city, saying Moscow is defying


Mark Lowen reports from Gaziantep, on the Turkey Syria border.


Refugees in their own country. Thousands of Syrians given shelter


and food on the Syrian side of the border with Turkey, unable to cross.


Turkey is providing aid, but the gate remains closed. There is no


more capacity to absorb refugees, it is sad, but if they have no other


option, they could be allowed in. They are escaping the nightmare of


Aleppo. Assad forces backed by Russian air strikes are pounding


opposition held areas, cutting off supply lines and closing in fast.


350,000 civilians could soon be tracked and the rebels could be


dealt a fatal blow. The heavily injured have been allowed into


Turkey, cared for at the local hospital. They talk of disaster.


TRANSLATION: I was sitting down when a mortar landed and I got shrapnel


in my eye. I am in such pain, I can barely even speak. We want to show


everyone how disabled we are, Russia is hitting us and the entire world


is just watching. Turkey is caught between the humanitarian crisis in


Syria and the refugee crisis in Europe. Sheltering those in need


while being told to stem the migration flow to the EU. But Turkey


could also be using this exodus from Aleppo as a bargaining chip to


demand more help from Europe for the refugees and real action to halt the


Russian air strikes. It could mean testy talks with Germany's


Chancellor visiting Turkey today. The EU says it has given Turkey 3


billion euros is precisely to help refugees like those from Aleppo. But


Ankara says it must spend the money improving conditions for the 2.5


million already here. Resources are not limitless. Those waiting at the


border are caught up in a bigger, more conjugated debate. Until Europe


coordinates its refugee policy, until a solution for Syria is found,


their fate will be unknown and thousands more will follow.


For more from inside Syria we got through to Yaseen Abu-Raed -


a journalist in the media office of the Syrian opposition coalition.


He gave this update from Northern Aleppo.


Russian air forces continue to carry out air strikes on villages in


northern Aleppo. Over the last seven days, Russian war craft have


conducted more than 1000 sorties. Those strikes push thousands of


people to flee their homes. 30,000 are now stranded near the Turkey


Syria border. Close to the town, another 30,000 fled to the west of


Aleppo, close to another border crossing with Turkey. Let me tell


you this story. Yesterday, one family in their village were trapped


under heavy air strikes. Their son was killed. They went the next day


to another nearby village, to bury their child. But they were hit by


another Russian hour strike, which killed almost the entire family.


Only the mother survived, with severe injuries. At night, families


try to flee Russian air strikes and government forces' bombardment.


Families stranded near the Turkish border are still without a shelter.


The situation is slightly better at the moment, because there is some


aid coming into people near the border. But the aid being delivered


is not enough. If this situation continues like this in Aleppo, we


will witness a huge surge in the numbers of refugees in the next


hours and days. The BBC's Selin Girit


is in the city of Gaziantep - about an hour from


the border with Syria. In Turkey, it is quiet. The border


crossing is still closed and, while there are thousands of Syrians on


the other side, on the Syrian side of the border, there is not a sign


of one single one of them coming illegally across the border. Turkish


government is determined to keep the border closed, at least for the time


being. Although the Turkish president and today the Turkish


Prime Minister, have given signals that the policy could change. The


Turkish Pinellas -- Turkish by Minister said, if necessary, we will


consider opening the Borders, which was something the Turkish president


had said yesterday. The Deputy Prime Minister yesterday said Turkey has


actually fulfilled its capacity to absorb refugees. Bear might Turkey


already hosts over 2.5 million Syrian refugees at the moment and


the cost has been on Turkey. $10 billion. Turkey is trying to deal


with this burden that it already has and it wasn't really prepared for


this certain influx. Today, the Prime Minister held talks with


America and said this is not something that Turkey can do alone,


it cannot carry this burden alone. There is a certain feeling in the


Turkish public opinion. It is divided. Certain people think the


border should be opened immediately due to humanitarian reasons, but


others are concerned that there might be foreign jihadists coming in


and there is a certain feeling, they feel the EU is in an act of


hypocrisy. On one hand, they are saying open the borders, and on the


other, they are saying sent the flow to Europe. They ask, how will Turkey


do that alone? Now a look at some of


the day's other news. President Obama has asked


Congress for more than 1.8 billion dollars in emergency funding


to tackle the Zika virus. The money will help control


mosquito populations, develop a vaccine, and improve


support for pregnant women The illness - that's


spread by mosquitos - has surged through Latin America,


and it's feared it will spread The government in Somalia has


released CCTV footage which it claims shows two men handing over


a package to a man suspected of carrying out


a bombing on a plane. In the video, a man in a blue shirt


is seen holding what appears to be He is with a man in an orange shirt


with the computer then passed The blast ripped a large


hole in the fuselage A prominent former banker says


central banks should stop using high-denomination notes


to help prevent financial Peter Sands, who was chief executive


of Standard Chartered, says banning notes wouldn't stop


crime, but would make it harder Illegal money flows now account


for nearly two billion dollars. Rescuers searching through


the rubble of a collapsed tower block in Taiwan have found more


three more people alive - The building was brought down more


than two days ago by an earthquake. 37 people are known


to have died as a result of the quake and more


than 100 are unaccounted Out of the darkness,


some kind of miracle. After 60 hours trapped in the rubble


an eight-year-old girl is pulled Many of those inside this 17-storey


block never had a chance. It just fell into itself


when the earthquake struck in the small hours


of Saturday morning. More than 120 people


are still missing. Why did it fall when other


buildings remained standing? Perhaps because empty cooking oil


containers were used as part of its construction,


revealed by the force In the local hospital,


Taiwan's president elect visited some of those who


escaped the collapse. Taiwan's thoughts were


with the city, she said, but the hospital's senior doctor


said time was running out There is still a chance of rescue,


he said, but without warm clothes, without food and water,


with the cloud and the cold, they are stuck and after


a while they will die from cold And the search for


survivors goes on. But it is three days now


since the block tumbled And in the ruins,


time is running out. The British Prime Minister has been


accused of scaremongering, after suggesting that refugee camps


could appear in the UK it Britain David Cameron warned the French


could tear up an agreement which lets British border guards


check passports at the French port of Calais, where many


migrants have set up camp. It is called the jungle, a makeshift


camp in northern France with its own shops and library. Mode and squalor.


Home to some 6000 refugees and migrants, many of whom David Cameron


says could end up in Britain if we vote to leave the European Union,


and France sends UK border staff home. There are any number of


opposition politicians in France who would love to terror up the


excellent agreement we have with France to make sure we have our


borders on their side of the channel. I don't think we should


give those politicians any excuse to do that. The deal he is talking


about was agreed by Tony Blair in 2003. It allows British border


officials to check and block asylum seekers on French soil. But instead


of deterring refugees from Calais, as was the hope, they continued to


come. Now French politicians are warning they could tear up the


treaty if Britain left the EU. The Prime Minister is right to say that


France would probably break the treaty and we would go back to the


types of numbers that we had, 80,000 plus, before that treaty was made in


2003. But instead of gathering in plus, before that treaty was made in


one camp, as here in Calais, officials claim that many of the


migrant will probably spread out across the south of England, with


only some held in detention centres. David Cameron is making this morning


because he wants people to be aware of what he sees as one of the risks


of leaving the EU. The danger is the strategy backfires and people think


he is being alarmist and exaggerating the threat and are no


longer making the positive case for staying in. In Calais this week,


there were yet more protests against migration. In London today, the


Prime Minister's critics dismissed what they called his sad and


disappointing tactics. Not only is it irresponsible scaremongering, it


is plain wrong. First of all, it is a treaty between Britain and France


adds nothing to do with the EU. Secondly, the French government have


said, were they to have an open border with the UK, it would be a


humanitarian disaster in Calais and it is not of course they will


pursue. The real risk for us is there is nothing in the


renegotiation that restricts the free movement of people from Europe.


So a referendum many thought would focus on the economic risks of


leaving remaining in the EU will also involve a debate about


immigration and the future of camps like these.


The BBC's James Landale reporting there.


There's ongoing reaction online to the news that a Chicago police


officer is suing the estate of 19-year-old Quintonio LeGrier,


a black college student who was fatally shot after he called


police during a domestic dispute on Christmas day.


In a counterclaim against a wrongful-death suit filed


by LeGrier's family, Officer Robert Rialmo is claiming


10 million dollars in damages, arguing the shooting was caused


by the teenager and caused him emotional trauma.


Rialmo claims LeGrier was threatening him with a baseball


The teenager was shot six times and a neighbour was killed by one


On social media, there's been thousands of retweets


of the family's lawyer saying "First you shoot them,


then you sue them" and "this is a new low for Chicago police".


Anthony Hopkins wrote on Facebook "You can't sue for trauma,


And Benjamin Kunkel tweated: "serve and protect or murder and sue".


When you think of US election memorabilia,


The badge, the bumper sticker, even playing cards -


A refrigerator at the offices of a New Hampshire newspaper is fast


gaining a reputation as the most famous fridge in the state as it


carries the signatures of presidential hopefuls,


The staff call it "Ice Box One" - and here's how it came to be.


The refrigerator is actually our office refrigerator and it was


brought in by a local retailer ten years ago because the staff needed a


refrigerator. It is quirky, somebody has a nice fancy lunch counter, a


country store, then the candidates go to the same places. I said, we


have to do something. What we can do is basically a stick. We have this


officer of the dredger which is basically a white plane refrigerator


that everyone keeps their luncheon. I said, how about that? We will have


the candidates sign about. We've had 31 people sign that


fridge. 32 timers, Hillary Clinton, Mitt Romney and Ron Paul. Signing


twice doesn't necessarily guarantee you will win the election. Everyone


except Donald Trump. Regretfully, we don't have him, but he told us the


reason he can't come this far north is there isn't a place for his 757


to land. We have to do well in New Hampshire and Iowa, that is how the


system works. It is that classic retail politicking. When they meet


the public one-on-one, it is sort of like a joke that if they don't see


their candidate three times, they haven't seen them enough yet. The


refrigerator now, because we have used three sides, three election


cycles, we would like to place it somewhere. It really is Americana


memorabilia and it is an incredible experience for a small tile like us.


For the latest on the presidential campaign, you can go to our website.


Voters in New Hampshire will pick presidential candidates on Tuesday


and we've set up a live page to bring you the latest twists


United Nations human rights investigators have accused


the Syrian government of carrying out a policy of extermination


They have accused President Assad's regime of crimes against humanity


in their report for the UN Human Rights Council.


They say both loyalist and anti-government forces have


The finding concerning the crime against humanity extermination was


reached after long examination of verified information that the


commission has been gathering now the last 4.5 years. Killings and


deaths described in this report occurred with high frequency.


Our correspondent in Geneva, Imogen Foulkes, gave this analysis.


We've had many reports from the commission of enquiry on Syria and


many already alleging war crimes and crimes against humanity in the


conduct of this war. This is the first to focus specifically on


conditions in detention and it really does make for horrific


reading. Particularly on the government's side. What this report


alleges is that anyone thought to be loyal to the opposition or not loyal


enough to the government is at risk of being detained. Once detained,


they can be tortured, regularly tortured, people beaten to death,


there is evidence of that, eyewitness evidence. And then just


simply being held in conditions that will kill them. And that this is not


just excess, is what the investigator has told me, this is a


policy, known and approved by the highest levels of the Syrian


military and the Syrian government. And that this is why, because this


is a strategy widespread that has been going on, it is claimed, since


the start of this conflict, this is why for the very first time the UN


investigators have used this incredibly serious term of a policy


of extermination. Well, here in Britain,


winds of almost 150 kilometres an hour have battered parts


of southern England and Wales - more than 15,000 homes have


been left without power. Road, train and ferry services


have been disrupted. Coastal areas have borne


the brunt of the bad weather. Duncan Kennedy is in Lymington


on the Britain's south coast. From Devon to Dartford,


the southern part of Britain has felt its most powerful


storm of the winter. This was the Cornish coast,


sees drenching everything that came -- This was the Cornish coast,


seas drenching everything that came close, just like in Aberystwyth


where mountainous waves churned This is Barton on Sea,


near Bournemouth. As you can see, the waves


are trundling in here, at speeds of 90 mph,


the winds are knocking us over, In some places waves have


been 14 metres high. It's been going on like


this for several hours. That did not stop people coming


to experience it for themselves. We've just come down for a couple


of days to see the weather. I can't open my car door,


the wind is too strong! In Worcestershire this wall


collapsed on two children, seriously injuring a boy of four


and a girl of seven. It follows concerns raised


about the wall two weeks ago. Basically it hit two children


in the process of collapsing. They were quickly removed from under


the initial rubble and were treated on the scene by Ambulance


Service personnel. Transport networks have been


disrupted everywhere, with submerged tracks in Wales


to blocked ones at Bodmin in Cornwall with passengers having


to climb onto the track We had to wait here all the time,


we had a few classes 15,000 homes also had


their electricity cut in this storm. After a mild, uneventful winter


of weather so far in the South, storm Imogen has been a reminder


of the season's power. Millions of people across Brazil


have joined the first day of the annual carnival festivities


despite concerns about the outbreak Julia Carneiro watched the parade


at a samba school in Rio. This is what happens when you


combine Carnival and the Olympics. This summer school chose the Olympic


games as its theme this year and they are starting off bringing the


Greek gods to Rio. This massive sculpture represents Zeus and the


other gods are arriving from Olympus. Characters from Greek


mythology and Olympic sports are depicted. The float this year


represent icons of the city, presenting Rio to the visitors


arriving. These green outfits represent the forest. There is also


the famous pattern on Copacabana beach and Christ the Redeemer. Here


is a group of prominent athletes taking part in the parade. I spoke


to them about what it means to be here.


TRANSLATION: I think we are already feeling the atmosphere of the


Olympic Games. The party has started and we hope it will not only be a


great Carnival, but also a great party for the Olympics. The Carnival


is one thing that is very important to show people we can do everything.


Seca or no Zeke. The Olympic Games will be great here. This is one of


the groups taking part this year. Everyone has lots of energy and lots


of money to try to win this year's title.


Now the extraordinary story of a leopard on the loose


in a school near the Indian city of Bangalore.


And I should warn you, some of the pictures in his report


It is not what you expect to see every day and certainly not


It apparently entered the school early in the morning.


Luckily there were no children around.


This forestry official came close to being very seriously mauled,


He sustained arm injuries, but incredibly, was able to walk


away and no-one else was seriously injured.


It took the authorities ten hours to capture the animal.


The male leopard, thought to be five or six years


They are known to be shy animals, but there have been a few incidents


of them straying into urban areas, especially as India's forests


are being increasingly encroached on to build new settlements


Hundreds of millions of people around the world have been


A huge fireworks display in Beijing marked the first day of the Year


of the Monkey, one of the 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac.


Celebrations for the lunar new year include feasting,


spring cleaning and spending time with family and of course,


But for now, from me and the rest of the team, goodbye.


Hello. As storm image and begins to fade away, the winds will continue


to ease down a little bit but it will still be a blustery day


tomorrow and most of us will see some showers.


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