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It's been a day of claim and counter-claim over who did what
after Russia denied attacking schools and hospitals
in Syria's Idlib province in the town of Maarat al-Numan,
leaving at least 50 people dead and many more wounded.
The UN Secretary General said the strikes
were a violation of international law.
Medicins Sans Frontieres put it more bluntly - calling them a war crime.
And while the Turkish Foreign Ministry blames Russia,
has accused US planes of carrying out bombings.
The United Nations special envoy to Syria, Staffan de Mistura,
has been meeting the Syrian Foreign Minister in Damascus
in an effort to restart peace talks next week.
Our Diplomatic Correspondent Bridget Kendall reports.
What looks like a Russian fighter jet in the skies
Imagine being in one those buildings.
Apparently north of the city of Aleppo yesterday.
And this is the sort of damage being caused from footage supplied
The strikes are widely blamed on Russian and Syrian forces.
And after yesterday's direct hits on hospitals and a school,
where they are still looking for victims,
and today, Britain's Foreign Secretary added his voice to those
who say that it could amount to a war crime.
There is mounting alarm across the rest of Europe.
The Russian bombing in Syria leaves us with little hope.
The Assad regime is strengthened and the moderate Syrian opposition
is weakened and Europe is flooded with a new wave of refugees.
The Syrian army, with its Russian and Iranian backers,
insists they are advancing into northern Syria
and that this will liberate areas from terrorists.
Today, Russia angrily denied it had bombed hospitals.
In Moscow, the Syrian ambassador went on Russian TV to cast blame
There is no excuse for targeting innocent civilians,
but at the same time the battlefield around Aleppo is very complex.
Not only so-called moderate rebels backed by the West
more extremist fighters from one group
who are linked to Al-Qaeda and designated a terrorist group
And that's why Russia and Syria insist
Meanwhile, in Damascus the United Nations special envoy was urging the
Syrian government to agree to local truces to allow food drops into
But a wider ceasefire looks further away than ever.
Ukraine's Prime Minister is facing a vote of no confidence,
Ukraine's Prime Minister has survived a vote of no
after the country's president called on him to resign
and parliament rated his government "unsatisfactory".
Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk was updating the country's parliament
on his government's performance in 2015.
have resigned from the government in recent days
and there is frustration at a perceived lack of progress
The Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said
that the Prime Minister and his cabinet have lost public trust.
Later, Mr Yatsenyuk lost a vote on his government's record,
but survived a no confidence measure by just over 30 votes.
With me now is Irena Taranyuk from the BBC Ukranian Service.
They got through in the last hour or so, but where does this leave the
Government, are they actually much safer or not? They will be no saved,
because no other no-confidence motion can be tabled in Parliament
during the current session -- they will be now saved. That is until
that least autumn and Arseniy Yatsenyuk has the chance to be the
first pro-Mac Phillips postindependence Prime Minister to
be in his post for two years in a row -- the first postindependence
promise. It was a day full of drama and horsemanship and it is obvious
there is an element of show, political show there. The address of
the president, calling on the Prime Minister to resign. The Prime
Minister jokingly imploring the MPs to give him five minutes because it
might be my last report. It was very playful. The journalists were
commenting on the fact that Petro Poroshenko, his political foe, was
sporting a new hairstyle and wearing a new dress in anticipation of the
event, because she cannot forgive Yatsenyuk's former betrayal. So 30
votes in parliament is what saved Yatsenyuk's skin and it will bring
huge relief both to the current government and Ukraine's Western
backers, because the last thing Ukraine as a country needed now, in
the midst of economic crisis, in the midst of still in stability and
security challenges in the East, where the security situation has
deteriorated somewhat in the last couple of weeks, the last thing
Ukraine needed was a deep and acute political crisis and early
parliamentary elections, because that is what the opponents of this
dismissal of the Government and no-confidence vote were threatening
Ukraine with, further instability, further economic losses, further
political crisis and early elections. And yet what it does mean
when you still have so many votes going against you that all of the
concerns about your government are still there. Oh, exactly. The deep
unpopularity of his government in society is still a reality for
Ukraine, because Ukrainians are frustrated with the fact that their
standard of living is falling, that Ukrainian currency is losing its
value and the IMF threatened Ukraine with not following up with a bailout
programme unless there is real progress on the reforms, unless
there is real progress on fighting corruption, something that Ukrainian
government hasn't got a good record. Thank you very much.
Scientists in America believe they may have found
a potentially revolutionary way to treat cancer.
They've managed to retrain cells in the body's own immune system
In a trial, more than 90% of terminally-ill patients
with blood cancers went into complete remission.
This is the body's natural defence mechanism at work,
an immune cell attacking and neutralising a cancer cell,
but when that doesn't function properly, intervention's needed.
This new study shows that specially engineered immune cells,
injected back into the patient, can suppress a type of blood cancer.
The study was published was in the United States and British
researchers, working in this field, say it offers exciting potential
We know the immune system is incredibly powerful.
We know we can harness cells from the immune system,
engineer them and give them back to patients.
These effects are not just for a few weeks or a couple of months,
they're long-lasting affects over many months and potentially
So we think the enormous power of the immune system,
in these kind of settings, is there to be harnessed actually.
A blood sample was taken from the patient and immune cells
Each one was modified and transformed into a targeted
immune cell to seek out and destroy cancer cells.
The cells were then grown in a laboratory and stored.
Later, they were returned to the patient's bloodstream,
where they were ready to detect and then attack the cancer cells.
The patients helped by the therapy had all undergone other forms
of treatment which had failed, including chemotherapy
But cancer experts say more extensive trials and research
So to have these kind of results, which were really being used
Now, we've got to figure out how to make them last,
how to make them more effective and how to make this treatment
There's some caution about the latest study,
as the full set of data has not yet been published,
but there's agreement this is an important step forward
Scientists say the next challenge is to get the technology genetically
engineering cells to work on tumours as well as blood cancer.
US and Cuban officials will sign a deal in Havana later to reinstate
commercial flights between the two for the first time in over 50 years.
Although it is still technically illegal for Americans to visit Cuba
as tourists. Brazilian scientists
have found more evidence linking the Zika virus
to birth defects. The mosquito-borne virus is thought
to cause microcephaly, when a child has an abnormally
small head and brain damage. The World Health Organisation
says if the Zika virus the consequences would be
staggering. Two ethnic Uighur men have appeared
at a military court in Thailand and pleaded not guilty to carrying out a
bomb attack on a shrine in Bangkok. 20 people died and more than 100
were injured in the blast in August. The defendants say they were forced
to confess. A minute's silence has been held at
the United Nations Security Council for the former UN Secretary General
Boutros Boutros-Ghali, As an Egyptian, he was the first
Arab to hold the UN's top post. of civil war in Yugoslavia
and Somalia for the UN's failure
to stop the Rwandan genocide and Washington was angered
by his opposition to Nato's bombing
campaign in Bosnia. Joining me from New York
is Denis Halliday, who was appointed by
Boutrous Boutrous-Ghali to UN Assistant Secretary-General
for Human Resources, back in 1994. Thank you very much for talking to
us. I wonder if we could just talk about his background first of all,
how significant was a view that Boutros Boutros-Ghali was Egyptian,
the first Arab to hold the post? -- was it for you which first of all,
may I express my condolences to Mrs Boutros Boutros-Ghali, who is an
extraordinary person in her own right. Boutros-Ghali came from an
ancient Egyptian family, his grandfather was the Prime Minister
in the 1930s and worked closely with President said that in the peace
arrangements with Israel, so he has a very strong base, educated in
Paris. He came to the UN with extraordinary experience and
know-how. He appointed you to the posts of assistant general secretary
for human resources at the United Nations, what was he like to work
with? Very demanding, very hard-working himself, and author of
several books, an agenda for peace in his own memoirs. An early-morning
type, like myself. And I found him very easy to work with on a
one-to-one basis when he called me in connection with human resources
or worldwide. But he spoke truth to power and of course, in the context
of the Security Council and the P five, I mean, the veto powers,
Britain included, and the United States, that made things difficult
for him, because truth to power is often difficult to provide. Do you
think that indirectly, that was what led to him not serving a second term
as Secretary-General? Absolutely, he was simply too outspoken. He didn't
let his integrity become damaged. He said exactly what he felt was right,
as was his obligation, I would say, under the UN Charter, as
Secretary-General, but the member states, and particularly the P5,
London and Washington, were not happy with some of the statement and
his dedication to peace, or peaceful means or non-violent solutions to
problems got him into trouble, clearly. We just mentioned some of
the challenges of that period of time. How difficult time was it do
you think to be Secretary-General this organisation? Well, he came in
1992, the Gulf War had just come to an end, there were sanctions on
Iraq. You mentioned Rwanda, which was a nightmare situation. Why he
would be blamed for that, I have no idea, because I think Clinton
withdrew his troops from Somalia, they could easily have been used,
and intervention could have been there and I believe we had 5,000 UN
peacekeepers in Rwanda at the time who were not employed to the -- keep
people apart and allowed the killing to continue, so I believe it was no
way the fault of Blue Cross Kali himself. Thank you very much for
joining us. -- of Boutros-Ghali. German prosecutors say human error
was to blame for the train crash which killed 11 people in Bavaria
last week. More than 80 people were injured
after two commuter trains collided on a single-track stretch of
railway. With the latest, here's our
correspondent in Berlin, Ordinarily, one of those trains
would have been held back at signal On the particular day last week,
both trains were, we're told, allowed by this controller on
that track, travelling towards
each other at speed. Now the controller, it is said,
delivered some kind of wrong signal, which opened the track to both
trains. tried to send a warning to both
drivers - that warning, of course, appears to have
come too late and resulted in what prosecutors described as
"catastrophic consequences". Interestingly, they don't believe
the man, who is 39 and said to have been pretty experienced, he finished
his training at the end of the '90s, they say they don't believe he
caused this crash on purpose, but they have now opened a criminal
investigation into him. We are told that he faces a charge
of involuntary manslaughter, If he is found guilty,
it carries a maximum penalty On the day it happened, I spoke to a
man in one of the carriages. He described really the most
harrowing scenes, which he said to me will stay with him forever,
understandably. He said he was sat there, there was
a sudden sound like an explosion. He said people were flying through
the carriages, I saw the wreckage myself and it was
a pretty unpleasant sight. You can only imagine what it must
have been like to have been right at the front of the trains
when they collided. The death toll has stood at 11
people, but this shocked Germany, because Germany is a country with a
pretty good safety record There have been fatal crashes
before, but it happens rarely. And of course, people put their
faith in a modern system, a railway where signals and, for example,
pieces of equipment are in place to stop this kind of accident from
happening. So I think from the beginning people
suspected that human error Today is the first time we have had
that officially confirmed by The band Eagles of Death Metal
return to Paris today to play a concert, just three
months after the Paris attacks. They were the band performing
at the Bataclan music hall when it was attacked by terrorists
in November. The band joined U2 on stage in Paris
shortly after the attacks but this is their first solo performance
in the city since November. In what is sure to be an emotional
evening, the band will perform in front of an audience of hundreds
of survivors of the attacks. The concert will be held at the
Olympia Theatre in Paris. The Bataclan music hall
remains closed. has been speaking
to French television. He said that the events
of last November had confirmed his
pro-gun views - saying that it was only the armed
security forces who were able He also described how he is still
haunted by the events of that night I can't really control it and I
don't know where it's coming from That's one of the things that the
strangest about this. I haven't had any nightmares and
I've slept fine, but when I'm awake is when I see things that are
nightmares, you know? And I thought that talking about it
would make it easier. Expelling it from inside of me
would make me less like this, There's really no frame of reference
for this at all. On the streets of Paris today,
one of the fans who survived the November attack talked about
this evening's concert. TRANSLATION: It's lots of feelings,
since the date of the concert Since we heard they were coming back
and they were going to play here at the Olympia, we have been preparing
ourselves psychologically. We have been wondering what it's
going to be like. We have moments of joy because we
are really happy to be here because we think of the people who
are not here at the same time. I have a real physical need to
attend this concert tonight. It's part of the reconstruction
process. Colin Paterson is at the
Olympia Theatre in Paris. All the survivors of the Bataclan
show have been invited tonight and in fact, they have been allowed into
the gig early. The band are fully aware that for
many of them, this will be the first time they have gone to a concert
since that night. So the band invited those fans into
the gig an hour ago. Part of the reason was just to let
them get acclimatise to the venue. We believe the band may actually
come out and meet those fans early and also there are psychologists on
hand tonight in case people do feel panic attacks, want to talk to
someone about the experience, so it And what the band said since those
that I have ever been to before. And what the band said since those
terrible events on that night in November about what happened? The
band started this tour on Saturday night in Sweden and moved to Norway.
They had yesterday off to prepare for this and gave some interviews in
the French press where they have spoken about how they are still
traumatised, the front man Jesse Hughes says every time he wakes up,
it is the first thing he thinks about. He has also made some
comments about his belief that the right to bear arms should be given
to all. He says he does not believe the attack would have been a bad if
people -- as bad if people had the right to bear arms at the concert,
quite controversial views, but they say tonight is a continuation of
what they see as an interrupted night back in November. They want to
show that this is about standing up to terrorism, that rock 'n' roll and
music will continue despite the events of that night. They also say
that despite the Bataclan not being yet open, they will go back and play
that venue before the lead when it does reopen, possibly before the end
of the year. They're the directors behind some of
the most memorable movies to No Country for Old Men
and True Grit, the Coen Brothers are famous for
working across a huge range of plots Now they're tackling Hollywood -
1950s Hollywood - with a comedy in which George Clooney
plays an incompetent actor Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz has
been talking to the pair. Hail, Caesar! is a classic Coen
Brothers movie insomuch as it's a stylised, surreal comic
tale, undercut with a little menace. The original sort
of idea for the movie, when we first started
thinking about it was, OK, 24 hours in the life
of Eddie Mannix, as a sort
of architecture through a movie. as a sort
of architecture for a movie. Marriage doesn't have to last
forever but in the end, having a child without
a father would create a public relations
problem for the studio. The aquatic pictures
do very nicely for us. a legendary 1950s Hollywood
fixer. Where does the idea start
and what does it look like and then how do you,
between you, evolve it? The scripts kind of develop
out of essentially
just a long conversation and so then the conversation gets
more and more creative. and so then the conversation gets
more and more concrete. Do you disagree?
"I don't like that sentence, "I don't like that word,"
or whatever? Well, yeah, I mean that's just
the nature of movie-making, It's all about collaboration and the
good collaborations are the ones where...not where you always know
what's right, but when you know when the other
person's right. Gather $100,000 and await
further instructions. Gather $100,000 and await
instructions. There are so many familiar
structural devices we see Do you ever worry about
repeating yourselves? I think when we were shooting Fargo
and we were out on the street, shooting with the approaching car
coming down and I literally turned to Ethan and
said, "Haven't we shot this
exact same thing before?" And you realise, to a certain
extent, you keep reverting to the same shots or
tropes or plot ideas. What would happen
if one of you said, "Look, I don't want to do it
anymore?" You have me there, sir,
I haven't thought about that. Well, we did talk about it
at one point, we said we will make
ten movies and then quit. It gets too alarming
thinking about that and even ways
you are not aware of that you are repeating
yourself, just on the road because
he doesn't know anything else and he is just doing
an oldies show. Lots more on that on the website.
Let's go back to the two main stories we have been focusing on
this hour, one in the last hour or so developing because Ukraine's
embattled Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk has survived a
Parliamentary no-confidence vote in his government. It is only hours
after the president asked him to stand down, despite criticising the
Government's record, only 194 MPs voted in support of the
no-confidence motion, but it was short of the 226 vote required for
its approval. The president, Petro Poroshenko, earlier called on
Arseniy Yatsenyuk to resign, saying he had lost public trust in his
ability to fight corruption and overcome Ukraine's deep economic
crisis. And in Syria, the other story we are focusing on, the United
Nations special envoy says the Syrian government has a special duty
to deliver aid to whoever needs it. After meeting the Syrian Foreign
Minister in Damascus, Staffan de Mistura said this commitment would
be tested tomorrow. A UN spokesman says the Syrian government has
approved access to seven besieged areas, including in the east and
near Damascus. Several other towns and villages that recently received
aid where residents face starvation, such as Madaya, are on the list.
Plenty more the website and you can get in touch with us via Twitter.
That is it from the programme, from me and the rest of the team,
goodbye. Hello, good evening, some changes in
the next few days as a spell of rain, sleet and snow moves down from