17/02/2016 World News Today


17/02/2016

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I'm Alice Baxter with BBC World News.

:00:07.:00:08.

A large explosion rocks the Turkish capital,

:00:09.:00:11.

The target appears to have been a bus carrying soldiers.

:00:12.:00:16.

Reports say several people have been killed and many more injured.

:00:17.:00:19.

Aid convoys enter a town outside Damascus, but the deal

:00:20.:00:23.

with the Syrian government doesn't include the city of Aleppo.

:00:24.:00:29.

Should Apple break into the phone of a killer?

:00:30.:00:32.

The FBI say yes, the tech giant says it breaches privacy

:00:33.:00:36.

We start with some breaking news - reports from the Turkish capital,

:00:37.:01:17.

Ankara, say 18 people have been killed and many injured in a large

:01:18.:01:20.

These are the latest pictures from the scene of the blast.

:01:21.:03:19.

They resume to armed campaign against the Government last year.

:03:20.:03:29.

There have been also responsibility from the Islamic State group which

:03:30.:03:33.

has carried out recent attacks it appears in Istanbul there were 11

:03:34.:03:40.

German tourists killed by a suicide bomber last month. Back in October

:03:41.:03:45.

on Turkish soil outside the really station in and Canada. More than 100

:03:46.:03:53.

people killed and 500 people injured. --

:03:54.:04:04.

entered a besieged suburb of the Syrian capital,

:04:05.:04:06.

Syrian state media say 35 trucks have also entered the rebel-held

:04:07.:04:10.

These are the latest pictures of the aid trucks arriving

:04:11.:04:13.

on the outskirts of the town which lies just south

:04:14.:04:14.

It's one of five locations where the United Nations

:04:15.:04:24.

is co-ordinating with the Syrian Red Crescent

:04:25.:04:26.

But it doesn't include the country's biggest city,

:04:27.:04:29.

Aleppo, divided between opposing groups.

:04:30.:04:32.

It's now almost completely surrounded by the Syrian military.

:04:33.:06:58.

Earlier I spoke to a correspondent and asked how bad the situation is

:06:59.:07:07.

in the affected areas. Several areas have been identified by the United

:07:08.:07:12.

Nations as in desperate need of aid. The Syrian Government has agreed to

:07:13.:07:18.

send it to five of these areas. One of these areas is in the East of

:07:19.:07:30.

cilia which is partly controlled by IS forces so what will be a

:07:31.:07:34.

challenge to deliver aid there. At this stage they are concentrating on

:07:35.:07:41.

the suburbs of Damascus. Also there are two areas in the north. These

:07:42.:07:49.

are the areas that have been receiving some aid. The Syrian media

:07:50.:07:56.

spoke about 35 trucks entering an area this morning. 100 more trucks

:07:57.:08:01.

are waiting to be sent to the area. It is too early to verify how much

:08:02.:08:06.

of this aid has actually reached the target that we should be able to

:08:07.:08:08.

know in the coming few days. The Syrian government under huge

:08:09.:08:21.

pressure to deliver. Level, that almost totally destroyed is not

:08:22.:08:29.

among them. Aleppo is different category. There has been heavy

:08:30.:08:35.

fighting going on, until last week there were over 50,000 refugees

:08:36.:08:39.

massing on the border with heavy fighting going on between the

:08:40.:08:45.

government forces and rebels in the area. These groups have also been

:08:46.:08:50.

the subject of heavy air bombardment from the Turkish air force as well

:08:51.:08:55.

as the Russian air force is so Aleppo at the moment is an extremely

:08:56.:08:59.

dangerous areas. That was our reporter from BBC Arabic talking to

:09:00.:09:03.

be a little earlier. When you go to pick up your morning

:09:04.:09:09.

coffee or to drink your favourite chai latte, do you think that maybe

:09:10.:09:12.

those drinks could contain double A campaign group here in the UK,

:09:13.:09:15.

Action On Sugar, analysed 131 hot drinks and found a third contained

:09:16.:09:22.

at least as much sugar as a can of Pepsi or Coca-Cola,

:09:23.:09:25.

which contains nine teaspoons. Our Health Correspondent,

:09:26.:09:27.

Sophie Hutchinson, has more. A daily routine or

:09:28.:09:29.

an occasional treat. Today's research suggests some hot

:09:30.:09:32.

drinks from high street cafes should The report by Action on Sugar looked

:09:33.:09:35.

at over 100 drinks from nine It found 98% had excessive

:09:36.:09:43.

levels of sugar, described It analysed 131 of them from

:09:44.:09:49.

Britain's biggest chains. Just to put it into context,

:09:50.:10:04.

this can of Coca-Cola contains nine But compare that to this caramel

:10:05.:10:07.

latte, which contains 13 This chai latte contains

:10:08.:10:10.

20 teaspoons of sugar. The worst offender is this

:10:11.:10:13.

hot mulled fruit drink. Back out on the streets there was

:10:14.:10:30.

some surprise that the coffee we bought had twice as much sugar as a

:10:31.:10:41.

can of cola. Two times, good heavens! Wow, that does surprise me

:10:42.:10:45.

that it's double, that is a hell of the lot. I do not order many things

:10:46.:10:49.

out of the further reason to be feared. Starbucks says it is

:10:50.:10:56.

committed to reducing sugar by 25% hike 2020 and already offers lighter

:10:57.:11:01.

options. Costa said it had already taken significant steps to reduce

:11:02.:11:07.

sugar content. But experts are concerned about the impact of these

:11:08.:11:10.

drinks on heart disease, dental health and obesity and insist people

:11:11.:11:14.

need much more help to make healthier choices. If we had proper

:11:15.:11:18.

calorie labelling on the drinks we consume out of home in the way we

:11:19.:11:22.

now see on candid the supermarket for example at least people could

:11:23.:11:25.

begin to make an informed choice. It is also a matter of portion size.

:11:26.:11:31.

The reason there is so much sugar in some of these drinks as they are

:11:32.:11:34.

ridiculously large and I think the time has come for us to think about

:11:35.:11:38.

having a cap on the portion size of some of these drinks. Treasure has

:11:39.:11:42.

been growing for the government to bring in a tax on sugary drinks

:11:43.:11:46.

after evidence from abroad it can reduce the amount that people buy.

:11:47.:11:51.

It is a much delayed obesity strategy which may finally be

:11:52.:11:59.

published in the next few weeks. Nobody look at some of the day

:12:00.:12:04.

Bosman other news for you. The United States has deployed fighter

:12:05.:12:12.

jets in a show of force against North Korea. It is to underline

:12:13.:12:18.

Washington was my commitment to the defence of South Korea. And

:12:19.:12:23.

Indymedia has bad access to tumbler, that is a blogging platform, the

:12:24.:12:29.

site had been used to distribute pornographic material and separately

:12:30.:12:33.

the Indonesian authorities are demanding instant message labs

:12:34.:12:40.

remove the orgies or face a ban. And the Guinness book of records says

:12:41.:12:46.

the right in Tower is the worlds most slender. It is just under four

:12:47.:12:48.

metres wide and over metres tall. The President of the European

:12:49.:12:56.

Council, Donald Tusk, has told EU leaders that he can't

:12:57.:12:58.

guarantee that a deal will be reached on reforms demanded

:12:59.:13:02.

by the British Prime Minister, On Thursday Donald Tusk will chair

:13:03.:13:04.

a crucial summit meeting in Brussels Poland and three other countries

:13:05.:13:08.

are reported to be still resisting welfare curbs while France

:13:09.:13:11.

is thought to be against financial Donald Tusk was asked by the BBC's

:13:12.:13:26.

Ben Wright how the negotiation was going. Today the UK are still a

:13:27.:13:30.

member of the European Union and I have the feeling that it will not

:13:31.:13:35.

change, tomorrow will stop are you confident you will get the deal

:13:36.:13:38.

tomorrow? I am sure you have no choice. Let's toss to our

:13:39.:13:52.

correspondence, Alex Forsyth. The rhetoric from most European leaders

:13:53.:13:58.

in from Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council use just

:13:59.:14:02.

the, they want a deal done. The UK does because it wants to get on with

:14:03.:14:06.

this referendum about whether it could stay on leave the EU. Other

:14:07.:14:11.

leaders have other issues they want to focus on, not least the migration

:14:12.:14:15.

crisis. They want to get this deal done after weeks and months of

:14:16.:14:18.

negotiation but there is no guarantee it will be finished. That

:14:19.:14:22.

is because they are still technical issues over which there is some

:14:23.:14:27.

disagreement and some big political differences, too. You mentioned the

:14:28.:14:31.

few, France has some concerns over regulations to users on countries

:14:32.:14:36.

and non-Eurozone countries. Other Eastern and Central European

:14:37.:14:39.

countries have flagged concerns over exactly how changes to welfare

:14:40.:14:51.

payments to migrant workers might be played out or imposed and those

:14:52.:14:53.

things will not be easily solved. Political will to try and get this

:14:54.:14:56.

deal done by Friday, by example, but not yet the way. Do you think this

:14:57.:14:59.

will be down to the wire in view of those sticking points you outweigh?

:15:00.:15:03.

There are two tracks to this, we are expecting in the next few hours and

:15:04.:15:07.

other draft document which will set out some of the proposed solutions

:15:08.:15:11.

to the reforms that David Cameron and the UK want to see and that will

:15:12.:15:15.

have some technical and legal minor changes from the one published a few

:15:16.:15:19.

weeks ago. It will be a team of lawyers and EU experts trying to

:15:20.:15:23.

thrash out those technical and legal issues and at the same time you have

:15:24.:15:26.

sat around the table B EU leaders trying to deal with those big

:15:27.:15:29.

political differences which still exist. We know they will talk about

:15:30.:15:34.

death at the first session tomorrow and there is pencilled in another

:15:35.:15:38.

session for Friday when the talks will continue. We do not know what

:15:39.:15:41.

the outcome of that will be. Donald Tusk has said there is no guarantee

:15:42.:15:47.

but it is better to try to reach a compromise. The momentum is behind

:15:48.:15:52.

these negotiations now and he makes a clear warning that unless this is

:15:53.:15:56.

resolved somehow the very unity of the EU is at stake. He will be

:15:57.:16:00.

working hard to try to do a deal but it may very well come down to the

:16:01.:16:04.

wire. Thank you, Alex Forsyth therefore I was in Brussels.

:16:05.:16:10.

Apple says it will challenge a court order that helps the US authorities

:16:11.:16:13.

access information on a mobile phone.

:16:14.:16:14.

The device belongs to San Bernadino killer Syed Rizwan Farook -

:16:15.:16:17.

who, with his wife, shot dead 14 people last December.

:16:18.:16:19.

The FBI says the phone contains crucial information

:16:20.:16:21.

Well, Apple CEO Tim Cook has released a statement saying

:16:22.:16:24.

"The United States government has demanded that Apple take

:16:25.:16:28.

"an unprecedented step which threatens the security

:16:29.:16:32.

"We oppose this order, which has implications far

:16:33.:16:39.

This is part of a longstanding debate

:16:40.:16:42.

between America's Silicon Valley technology companies

:16:43.:16:44.

It generally sees the companies opposed to software with weakened

:16:45.:16:50.

security, in a bid to protect the privacy of customers.

:16:51.:16:53.

On the other side, the authorities warn that encryption software gives

:16:54.:16:56.

criminals a means to communicate undetected.

:16:57.:17:07.

Join amino from Washington is Greg who is advocating for digital

:17:08.:17:18.

piracy. Thanks for joining me on the show. I have no doubt that in this

:17:19.:17:22.

you come down on the side of Apple that I want to tell you that just in

:17:23.:17:27.

the last hour at the White House spokesman, Josh Ernest, and issued a

:17:28.:17:32.

statement pointing out the Department of Justice is asking the

:17:33.:17:34.

tech giant for access just to one single device. The government is

:17:35.:17:42.

asking Apple to Gallup malware, that is software that gets into the

:17:43.:17:46.

device that does not exist today. If the government gets its way it could

:17:47.:17:53.

ask Apple to develop malware to get the government into other iPhones,

:17:54.:17:58.

into computers that Apple makes and it did issue similar orders to other

:17:59.:18:02.

US tech companies to get access to dad that stored on their devices as

:18:03.:18:08.

well. This particular order may involve this particular device that

:18:09.:18:13.

it has implications for the security of all the devices that we use. In

:18:14.:18:18.

this White House statement the address exactly that point saying

:18:19.:18:22.

the government is not asking Apple to be design it roared up or create

:18:23.:18:27.

a new backboard to its product. This is the request and offending to a

:18:28.:18:33.

very specific person. The San Bernardino attacker, a well-known

:18:34.:18:37.

incident. Can you not see that perhaps in this instance it is just

:18:38.:18:43.

a request for access to a single phone and it is not perhaps a

:18:44.:18:48.

trickle-down effect? Simply we have a lot of sympathy for the victims of

:18:49.:18:54.

that terrible attack but the answer to that attack should not be to

:18:55.:18:58.

weaken the security of Apple devices. Once this, if this order

:18:59.:19:04.

stands, there will be other orders and there will be other orders

:19:05.:19:08.

covering other devices and the consequence of that will be that the

:19:09.:19:11.

malware that Apple is required to produce why those orders would

:19:12.:19:16.

eventually get out and would weaken the security of all of Apple 's

:19:17.:19:23.

devices and, as I said earlier, it is not just Apple we are concerned

:19:24.:19:27.

with, it is what this would mean for the makers of other devices and the

:19:28.:19:31.

security of those devices. It seems like every week there is a new that

:19:32.:19:36.

breach and eight new instance where instance that is personal and can

:19:37.:19:42.

cause damage gets out to the public or gets out to the bad guys.

:19:43.:19:48.

Encryption is the way we prevent that from happening. It is the way

:19:49.:19:51.

we prevent damage. You empathise at all with the F guide position on

:19:52.:19:57.

this? Of course, everyone wants justice to be served but the F B I

:19:58.:20:03.

have a lot of tools that it can use to get information that is relevant

:20:04.:20:08.

to this crime. In this case the perpetrator of the crime is already

:20:09.:20:11.

dead in maybe other people who are involved that the F guy wants to

:20:12.:20:16.

take a look at. It has the number of investigative tools that don't

:20:17.:20:22.

involve weakening the security of devices that it could use. Thank

:20:23.:20:27.

you, from the centre of democracy and technology, for joining me.

:20:28.:20:30.

Thank you. Pope Francis' last stop on his tour

:20:31.:20:36.

of Mexico is Ciudad Juarez He arrived in the last hour

:20:37.:20:39.

or so and is on his way to one Later in the evening Francis

:20:40.:20:43.

will give mass for 200,000 people. Ciudad Juarez is synonymous

:20:44.:20:47.

with illegal migration into the US and Francis is expected to speak

:20:48.:20:49.

about the plight of migrants. He enjoys important places to go.

:20:50.:21:08.

That is why it is one of them. It is at the border with the United States

:21:09.:21:12.

weedy lot of immigrants choose to go through to the United States. He is

:21:13.:21:16.

talking about mercy. This is the year of mercy in the words of Pope

:21:17.:21:21.

Francis and he is saying you have baby without Borders. The Germans

:21:22.:21:26.

how to work with each other. It is a message as well to the Mexicans,

:21:27.:21:30.

even if the Mexicans say the United states are not treating as fairly,

:21:31.:21:40.

they are accused of abusing a lot of Central Americans who go through

:21:41.:21:43.

Mexico to go to the United States. The messages lets be human to each

:21:44.:21:47.

other, it does not matter where you come from. Mental health is fast

:21:48.:21:52.

coming one of the great global in Jews of our time.

:21:53.:22:03.

Two women in our in the mine CDs have recorded their thoughts. Having

:22:04.:22:13.

mental illnesses like in controlled by a puppet master because it is

:22:14.:22:17.

just like having your own brain taken out and someone else's bid in

:22:18.:22:23.

for a few months. I decided to flog about it because I could not find

:22:24.:22:27.

any videos about exactly what I had gone through. -- chair. I have

:22:28.:22:32.

bipolar, gone through. -- chair. I have

:22:33.:22:37.

everyone has a different experience. For me part of it was my manic

:22:38.:22:41.

episode. Like you are normally but on an extreme episode. If you are

:22:42.:22:46.

episode. Like you are normally but upset you are really, really upset

:22:47.:22:48.

or if you're happy you are running around dancing and singing. It is

:22:49.:22:51.

kind of like all of your around dancing and singing. It is

:22:52.:23:00.

the psychiatric ward are very, very strange and very surreal. When I got

:23:01.:23:04.

there I was very confused because I did not know what was going on. I

:23:05.:23:08.

thought I was being watched and that I was on some sort of TV programme

:23:09.:23:12.

and that someone was playing a joke on me. I was in a very delusional

:23:13.:23:17.

state of mind, I was imagining things were happening that were not

:23:18.:23:21.

happening. I was imagining I was someone that I wasn't. You still

:23:22.:23:25.

have people dressing up for Halloween in psychiatric patients

:23:26.:23:33.

and using words like mental and psychotic and things. Opening up

:23:34.:23:37.

about it is really helpful for raking down stigmas and actually

:23:38.:23:39.

telling people what it's really like to have it. I've been making YouTube

:23:40.:23:47.

videos on and off for around four years now. The reason I do it is to

:23:48.:23:52.

show the honest nature of my illness and what my live with this illnesses

:23:53.:23:57.

like. I have done some weird things including harming myself quite

:23:58.:24:01.

severely to a life-threatening point. If I was to be completely

:24:02.:24:08.

well in my videos it would be an inaccurate or trail. I make myself

:24:09.:24:13.

do it and I try to be as honest as always. Schizoaffective disorder is

:24:14.:24:18.

being absolutely fine one day and then a weekly to just being in the

:24:19.:24:22.

grips of psychosis. Being so depressed that I'm contemplating

:24:23.:24:27.

suicide to one week later being absolutely fine again. I can hear

:24:28.:24:32.

voices in my head, it see things such as shadows or people, sometimes

:24:33.:24:37.

animals. I no longer know who I am, when I am, my beliefs and my

:24:38.:24:40.

connection with reality is just shattered. I thought it would be

:24:41.:24:46.

good to do about sectioning cause it is not something widely talked about

:24:47.:24:50.

because of, obviously, the stigma and things like that attached to it.

:24:51.:24:54.

Technology and the Internet and the way things are now had really help

:24:55.:24:58.

Technology and the Internet and the the conversation around mental

:24:59.:25:00.

health. People like me are able to upload the

:25:01.:25:00.

health. People like me are able to to spread awareness and information.

:25:01.:25:06.

I have had people message to say my to spread awareness and information.

:25:07.:25:11.

videos have wanted them to to spread awareness and information.

:25:12.:25:13.

from professionals. to spread awareness and information.

:25:14.:25:16.

feel fantastic. It was the sole reason I setup my channel and I did

:25:17.:25:20.

not even think I would achieve that saw it just my day.

:25:21.:25:27.

A quick reminder of our main news this hour. A government spokesman

:25:28.:25:34.

from Turkey has confirmed 28 people were killed in that explosion in

:25:35.:25:40.

Ankara. He also said 61 people were injured and the blast happened next

:25:41.:25:44.

to a passing military vehicle in an area host to the parliament and

:25:45.:25:48.

close to Turkey 's military headquarters. The Turkish Prime

:25:49.:25:52.

Minister has cancelled a trip to Brussels in response to the attack.

:25:53.:25:56.

If you would like to get in touch with me or some of the team you can

:25:57.:26:00.

do. We like you to get in touch on twitter. For now, hangs for

:26:01.:26:05.

watching. -- fight you for watching.

:26:06.:26:12.

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