18/02/2016 World News Today


18/02/2016

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This is BBC World News Today. The latest headlines:

:00:10.:00:11.

The summit that could change Britain's relationship with the EU -

:00:12.:00:14.

I think it's much more important to get this right than to do

:00:15.:00:18.

anything in a rush, but with good will and hard work,

:00:19.:00:21.

we can get a better deal for Britain.

:00:22.:00:23.

And you know, my mother gave me this bible, this very bible.

:00:24.:00:28.

Donald Trump's built a presidential campaign on Christian values,

:00:29.:00:31.

but the Pope says building walls is no such thing.

:00:32.:00:36.

Captain Kirk and Mr Spock in Star Trek.

:00:37.:00:40.

Now William Shatner writes of his 50-year friendship

:00:41.:00:43.

When the venture is over, you say goodbye. Best friends forever. And

:00:44.:00:58.

there are instances where you say, man, I will call you tomorrow and we

:00:59.:01:03.

will have lunch. And it never happens, and it is all gone.

:01:04.:01:17.

A very warm welcome to you. David Cameron says he is battling Britain

:01:18.:01:26.

as he tries to negotiate a new deal for Britain's relationship with EU.

:01:27.:01:31.

The Prime Minister has spent the day meeting other EU leaders at a summit

:01:32.:01:35.

in Brussels, where he said with hard work, he could win a better deal for

:01:36.:01:41.

Britain. The president of the European Commission said that he was

:01:42.:01:44.

confident that a deal could be reached, but with big disagreement

:01:45.:01:48.

is looming over access to welfare and other issues, let's cross live

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now to our correspondent in Brussels. Good evening and welcome

:01:52.:01:58.

to Brussels. Somewhere in this building, there are 28 leaders now

:01:59.:02:01.

poring over a draft document that has been put before them by the

:02:02.:02:07.

European Council leader. It is the three baskets of reform David

:02:08.:02:12.

Cameron is looking for. The press room is alive with speculation. In

:02:13.:02:15.

the last hour or so, we have had some idea of what is happening in

:02:16.:02:20.

the room. It was David Cameron who made the opening marks. He has been

:02:21.:02:24.

telling European colleagues that we have already come a long way with

:02:25.:02:28.

this renegotiation. They have solved many differences, but is about time,

:02:29.:02:33.

she said that Britain's place in Europe was to find once and for. He

:02:34.:02:38.

said Britain's position has been allowed to fester. He said this was

:02:39.:02:42.

the chance to settle it for the next generation. He also made the point

:02:43.:02:46.

that although he is trying to get some clearer language on the union,

:02:47.:02:51.

he is not opposed to other countries seeking that political integration,

:02:52.:02:55.

further economic integration. It is just that Britain, he says, once a

:02:56.:02:59.

different model and those who want that should be allowed to. Really,

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it is a message of live and let live. There are great differences at

:03:06.:03:10.

the moment in the text, still some square brackets on the important

:03:11.:03:14.

issues, such as child benefit in particular. Some real concerns among

:03:15.:03:19.

Eastern European countries. Also concerns from the French about what

:03:20.:03:23.

sort of mechanism Britain would have to protect itself from the decisions

:03:24.:03:27.

at the 19 countries of the Eurozone are taking. Remember that Britain

:03:28.:03:32.

stands outside the euro zone. An awful lot to discuss. David Cameron

:03:33.:03:36.

told reporters earlier he brought plenty of shirts. He expects the

:03:37.:03:40.

negotiations to go along into the night and possibly into tomorrow.

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But when he finally emerges, he hopes to have a document that will

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allow him to fire the gun on the referendum campaign.

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The Prime Minister wants 27 other politicians to agree to his terms.

:03:52.:04:04.

We've got some important work to do today and tomorrow and it's

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If we can get a good deal, I'll take that deal,

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but I will not take a deal that doesn't meet what we need.

:04:15.:04:17.

I think it's much more important to get this right than to do

:04:18.:04:21.

But with good will, with hard work, we can get a better

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Mrs Merkel wants to help make it happen now.

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TRANSLATION: I'll do everything to keep the UK.

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Agreement is possible, but no country has the right

:04:38.:04:40.

Those dramas could derail the process, or it least drag

:04:41.:04:54.

The Prime Minister wants to change the EU rules,

:04:55.:05:04.

new regulations to protect the city, before giving you the choice to vote

:05:05.:05:09.

But can the Prime Minister bring everyone together?

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Inside the gathered ranks, there is still disagreement on how

:05:25.:05:26.

long the UK should be able to limit benefits,

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and whether it is fair for any new rule to apply only to us.

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But across town, his opponents accuse him of making all this fuss

:05:34.:05:37.

Well, he's brought an internal Conservative Party dispute

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to international proportions, so he is running around Europe

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trying to get people's support here and they are not very keen

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They may well end up with some kind of agreement,

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which he will represent as a victory.

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And anger over the proposed deal goes way beyond these brave souls

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There are plenty of Eurosceptics, MPs and ministers among

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Conservatives, and politicians ready to attack.

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and free trade, but we can't have that as members

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But tonight, Number 10 is adamant this whole project can

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and will deliver a new and improved EU.

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Their negotiators believe this is the moment.

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There are so many countries, so many complications involved,

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This is the best chance David Cameron has of getting

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a new deal for the UK with the rest of the Union.

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but there is no guarantee the terms would get any better,

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so his political future could be determined tonight.

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Brave or foolhardy, this journey has seen the Prime Minister striking out

:06:59.:07:01.

Who he can take with him in the next few hours will shape

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Laura Kuenssberg, BBC News, Brussels.

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On nights like this, it is worth reminding people of the structure of

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the EU and how decisions are taken. The European leaders who are sitting

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upstairs for the European Council. The council is the highest level of

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political cooperation within Europe. They set the direction of travel and

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once they reach agreement, and it must have agreement of all 28

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countries, then it is up to the executive of the European Commission

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to come out with some legislation, to propose legislation, and then the

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European Parliament will debate and put that legislation into action. Mr

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Cameron needs not only the support of the 28, he needs the support of

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the commission and he also needs the support of the European Parliament.

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On Tuesday he was here lobbying the president of the parliament. Let's

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listen to what he had to say. I do not belong to those who urged

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the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to call for the referendum,

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that is for sure. But the question is served, the referendum is fixed.

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If this is a good idea or a bad idea, it is not what we have to

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discuss about. I will do the utmost to convince citizens in the UK to

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vote to stay in, because I believe that we need each other. The United

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Kingdom and the European Union. We are stronger with the United

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Kingdom. Well, in Laura's package, you heard the thoughts of Nigel

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Farage. I spoke to him today and he is quite scathing about what is in

:08:53.:08:55.

this document. It is not what the paper it is written on, he says,

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because the underlying it will be the parliament that un-pics at all.

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And that is shared by Ukip's sole MP. He has been talking to BBC about

:09:05.:09:10.

his disdain the document. Some sort of deal has been done, but it is not

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really a great deal, because we haven't asked for much. Take a step

:09:15.:09:19.

back. At the time of the Bloomberg speech, David Cameron said he would

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seek out fundamental, fire reaching reform. He clearly has not. Not even

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supporters pretend this amounts to much. He promised us he was going to

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seek treaty change. He has not. He promised he would return powers back

:09:37.:09:40.

from Brussels. Not a single power is being transferred. Clearly, a deal

:09:41.:09:47.

has been done, but it is pretty thin gruel, you might say. I don't think

:09:48.:09:50.

this is really going to impress many voters in the run-up to the

:09:51.:09:54.

referendum. We are starting to see some very encouraging movement in

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the polls, the momentum is with the Leave campaign. Yes, we can do this.

:09:59.:10:03.

There is a growing realisation that we do not need to be in a political

:10:04.:10:07.

union in order to trade with Europe. Europe faces enormous economic,

:10:08.:10:13.

technological challenges. The safer thing to do is if we take back

:10:14.:10:18.

control and I think people are beginning to realise that actually,

:10:19.:10:22.

David Cameron's EU deal does not add up and we will be better off if we

:10:23.:10:27.

took back control and didn't have to send ?350 million to Brussels every

:10:28.:10:33.

week. Look at what David Cameron is negotiating and compare it with what

:10:34.:10:36.

he said at the outset. He claimed he would get treaty change. There is no

:10:37.:10:40.

treaty change. He claimed there would be a transfer power back from

:10:41.:10:45.

Brussels but not a single power has been transferred back. Again and

:10:46.:10:50.

again, David Cameron has watered down his demands and even the

:10:51.:10:53.

mediocre and Mikey is asking for it doesn't really add up much. There is

:10:54.:10:58.

no fundamental, fire reaching reform. People are waking up to that

:10:59.:11:02.

and I think people realise that we can leave the EU and trade freely

:11:03.:11:07.

with the European Union. If we do that, we will get the best of all

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worlds. Douglas Carswell, the Ukip MP setting out some of the thoughts

:11:14.:11:17.

of the Leave campaign. Also setting out some of the challenges that

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David Cameron will face when he returns to Britain with this

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document. You get the impression talking to people in the UK that he

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cannot afford to water down any more at the document as it stands. He is

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going to fight for everything that they have in the draft text. We have

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had some briefings from different camps in the last few minutes. It

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tends to happen that certain members of negotiating teams come out to

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brief journalists. One German diplomat was talking about the

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agenda and how long they might go into the night. He said I hope the

:11:50.:11:52.

Getty Gilberts that satisfies Mr Cameron, but I cannot bet we get it

:11:53.:11:58.

today. We're not 100% happy with everything in the text, but overall

:11:59.:12:01.

we can find agreement. He went on to say that it is other countries that

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have bigger problems, the likes of Poland and Romania. We're talking

:12:09.:12:12.

about work benefits and the challenges of child benefit that Mr

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Cameron wants to index to the countries that the families and

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children live in. Let's try to understand a bit of

:12:20.:12:23.

that vertical context in Europe's major capitals as David Cameron

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tries to persuade his European counterparts. Any moment we will

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hear from our corresponded in Berlin and one in Budapest, but first, here

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is our correspondent in Paris. Here in Paris, the real concern is

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in the -- isn't benefits for migrants, but rather, protecting the

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euro. David Cameron wants to ensure the euro zone countries cannot gang

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up on the UK, but the French president is concerned this would

:12:55.:12:58.

mean giving the City of London and on the advantage. France is still

:12:59.:13:02.

struggling with high unemployment and the president will be seeking a

:13:03.:13:06.

real election next year. He certainly does not want to come home

:13:07.:13:10.

looking like a loser. He has got to be seen to be sticking up for French

:13:11.:13:15.

interests. The French are particularly opposed to the idea of

:13:16.:13:20.

an a la carte Europe. We do not like cherry picking. One minister

:13:21.:13:25.

famously said you cannot come to a football game and expect to play

:13:26.:13:30.

rugby. Ultimately, France wants Britain to remain in, just not at

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all costs. Germany's position has not changed.

:13:39.:13:42.

It wants Britain in the EU and right now Angela Merkel is arguably David

:13:43.:13:47.

Cameron's greatest ally. She has voiced support for some of his

:13:48.:13:52.

ideas. She has said in the run-up to the summit that national

:13:53.:13:56.

parliaments, not Brussels, should be responsible for protecting those

:13:57.:14:00.

systems against abuses. She has also spoken about ever closer union,

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saying that whilst nothing should stand in its way, individual member

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states should also not be obliged to follow that level of integration

:14:09.:14:12.

every step of the way. So broad support from Germany. Worth

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remembering Mrs Merkel's red lines. She will not budge on them. That

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includes non-discrimination against EU citizens. As far as Mrs Merkel is

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concerned, they are non-negotiable, so interesting to see how much

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Germany is prepared to concede. Also remember there is a degree of every

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patient at public and political level here in Germany that David

:14:37.:14:42.

Cameron is choosing to raise this at a time when the refugee crisis is

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threatening to tear Europe apart. In the words

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threatening to tear Europe apart. In broadcaster, David Cameron is

:14:49.:14:53.

playing a dangerous poker game. Here in Hungary and the other

:14:54.:14:56.

central European countries, known together as the Visscher grabbed

:14:57.:15:02.

four, the main concern is to ensure its citizens have equal rights in

:15:03.:15:05.

Britain and elsewhere in the union. What that seems to mean in practice

:15:06.:15:10.

is that they might be willing to accept curbs on benefits for

:15:11.:15:15.

Hungarian, polls, Czechs and Slovaks working in Britain provided these

:15:16.:15:18.

are only applied to new arrivals, not the hundreds of thousands

:15:19.:15:23.

already there. And that these restrictions are phased out

:15:24.:15:26.

gradually as workers contribute to the national economy, they should

:15:27.:15:30.

also be able to claim benefits, they argue. The Government is also what

:15:31.:15:35.

guarantees that citizens of non-EU countries do not suddenly have more

:15:36.:15:39.

rights than they do on the British job market. Other British demands,

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especially for stronger powers, for a national parliament and safeguards

:15:45.:15:49.

against what some see as the groin powers of Brussels dovetail neatly

:15:50.:15:53.

with their own policies. -- growing powers of Brussels. At last,

:15:54.:16:02.

everyone has to take them seriously. Nick Thorpe in Budapest. You do get

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the impression it is those for, namely Poland, the Czech Republic,

:16:07.:16:12.

Slovakia and Hungary that might pose David Cameron the biggest problem.

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Let's bring in our political corresponded. We started to get a

:16:19.:16:27.

feel for how it is going. What are you hearing's so far the tone from

:16:28.:16:31.

the EU leaders has been fairly positive. They were saying look, I

:16:32.:16:36.

think we will get agreement here. It might require compromise, but we

:16:37.:16:41.

want the UK to stay within the EU. We are hearing via Twitter people

:16:42.:16:42.

are saying it was a constructive We are hearing via Twitter people

:16:43.:16:46.

session. David Cameron was setting out where he sucks renegotiation was

:16:47.:16:50.

session. David Cameron was setting at. He was effectively trying

:16:51.:16:52.

session. David Cameron was setting persuade them he needs a credible

:16:53.:16:52.

deal to take back persuade them he needs a credible

:16:53.:16:59.

voters. We are not hearing if those political differences

:17:00.:17:03.

voters. We are not hearing if those countries which have a particular

:17:04.:17:05.

beef about a particular issue, for example, Poland and Hungary on

:17:06.:17:11.

payments to migrant workers. We have got this tract

:17:12.:17:14.

payments to migrant workers. We have which is where the officials are

:17:15.:17:15.

trying to hammer out some legal details while the leaders

:17:16.:17:18.

resolve some of the political detail. That'll go round the table

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again tomorrow Mike with the hope of getting some deal, but what we are

:17:24.:17:28.

hearing so far is that we are not at that stage yet. Armies of lawyers in

:17:29.:17:34.

this building. I was making Albany remarks about David Cameron's speech

:17:35.:17:40.

to the summit where he said Britain has to have a codified place within

:17:41.:17:44.

Europe. It has to be put down in text what Britain is to Europe. I

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think those in the remaining camp in Britain might have some sympathy

:17:50.:17:52.

with that. What you have got at the moment is a situation where Britain

:17:53.:17:56.

does already have a specific relationship with the European Union

:17:57.:18:00.

which differs to some other member states, with its own particular

:18:01.:18:03.

exemptions. There is a recognition that Britain's approach has been

:18:04.:18:07.

different over a long period of time. This is not new. The problem

:18:08.:18:15.

the David Cameron is that while people have sympathy with that

:18:16.:18:18.

notion and want Britain to remain in the EU, but under its own terms, the

:18:19.:18:20.

problem is there are plenty around the EU table who think why should

:18:21.:18:25.

Britain have its own special deal? The president of the European

:18:26.:18:28.

Parliament said earlier on that what is it about Britain that makes it

:18:29.:18:33.

special? The point Mr Cameron makes is that shouldn't just be one size

:18:34.:18:37.

fits all in Europe. There is a recognition across the EU that it is

:18:38.:18:42.

moving into different directions. There are countries which want to

:18:43.:18:47.

progress towards a deeper political and economic union. What's David

:18:48.:18:50.

Cameron is trying to secure is some sort of guarantee that the UK will

:18:51.:18:54.

not be sucked further into that. The problem is how do you do that

:18:55.:18:58.

without leading to some sort of contagion, other countries wanting

:18:59.:19:02.

their own parameters. That is the fear of some readers. Not just

:19:03.:19:06.

specific demands from other member states, but that this could perhaps

:19:07.:19:10.

lead to another referendum across the EU. This is a union facing big

:19:11.:19:14.

difficult complex issues on the economy, the migration crisis and

:19:15.:19:18.

the message from the readers is that this is a tapered unity, not

:19:19.:19:23.

division. David Cameron is trying to get this deal to satisfy the

:19:24.:19:26.

sceptics back home, the British public and his own cabinet. We might

:19:27.:19:31.

be in for a long night. I think that is guaranteed. Thank you very much.

:19:32.:19:36.

The first session has broken up. Now they go into some of those issues

:19:37.:19:41.

over dinner, particularly the migrant crisis. It does Aberdeen to

:19:42.:19:44.

Britain because there is concern here about the flow of migrants to

:19:45.:19:50.

Europe. It does pertain to Britain. The Greek Prime Minister in

:19:51.:19:55.

particular feels the same way. We will bring you news on thoughts on

:19:56.:20:00.

that thread the evening. And of course the important bits on the EU

:20:01.:20:03.

reform package as well. For the moment, I will hand you back to

:20:04.:20:09.

London. Sounds like a long night in store. Christian Fraser Forest live

:20:10.:20:10.

in Brussels. Pope Francis has strongly criticised

:20:11.:20:12.

Donald Trump's comments Presidential hopeful Mr Trump has

:20:13.:20:14.

said that he would like to build a wall along the US border

:20:15.:20:18.

with Mexico to keep migrants out. But the Pope said comments

:20:19.:20:23.

like that are un-Christian. In response, Donald Trump has called

:20:24.:20:25.

the remarks "disgraceful". Our North America Editor

:20:26.:20:28.

Jon Sopel reports. The Pope went deliberately

:20:29.:20:33.

to the US - Mexican border, where Donald Trump

:20:34.:20:36.

wants to build his wall, not to make a political

:20:37.:20:39.

point but moral one. On his flight back to Rome,

:20:40.:20:42.

when asked about the billionaire property developer, he couldn't

:20:43.:20:47.

resist and waded straight TRANSLATION: A person who thinks

:20:48.:20:49.

about building walls wherever they may be and not

:20:50.:21:00.

of building bridges, As far as what you said

:21:01.:21:02.

about whether I would advise the boat or not vote,

:21:03.:21:10.

I am not going to get I say only that this man is not

:21:11.:21:13.

Christian if he had said We're going to build

:21:14.:21:17.

a wall, believe me. In this race for the White House,

:21:18.:21:26.

the one thing we have learned about Donald Trump is he doesn't do

:21:27.:21:29.

turning the other cheek, ever. He has bullied opponents,

:21:30.:21:32.

lashed out at critics, But taking on the leader

:21:33.:21:37.

of the Roman Catholic Church? Well, that might be

:21:38.:21:42.

something different. At a rally in a short

:21:43.:21:49.

time ago, Mr Trump professed to feeling surprised

:21:50.:21:51.

about the Pope's comments, If and when the Vatican

:21:52.:21:53.

is attacked by Isis, which as everyone knows

:21:54.:21:56.

is Isis's ultimate trophy, I can promise you

:21:57.:22:00.

that the Pope would have only wished and prayed that

:22:01.:22:03.

Donald Trump would have been It's true.

:22:04.:22:06.

It's true. Donald Trump has sought to play

:22:07.:22:14.

up his Christian faith in a bid to win over

:22:15.:22:17.

the key constituency Having the Pope call that

:22:18.:22:19.

into question is hardly helpful. My mother gave me

:22:20.:22:25.

this Bible, this very But Donald Trump throughout has

:22:26.:22:27.

defied political gravity. What makes others crash

:22:28.:22:34.

to the ground has often just led Their interstellar careers

:22:35.:22:37.

were linked decades ago, but for William Shatner

:22:38.:22:51.

and Leonard Nimoy, that was only The actors who played Captain Kirk

:22:52.:22:54.

and Mr Spock on Star Trek went on to become lifelong friends,

:22:55.:22:58.

even if there were a few bumps In his new book, Leonard: My 50-Year

:22:59.:23:01.

Friendship With A Remarkable Man, Mr Shatner recounts the off-camera

:23:02.:23:06.

details of their relationship.. The BBC met him in

:23:07.:23:09.

New York to learn more. In exploring this book,

:23:10.:23:18.

I learned more about Leonard... Perhaps not more, but a great

:23:19.:23:22.

deal about him that His vast and historical

:23:23.:23:25.

interest in photography, the things he wrote,

:23:26.:23:35.

some of the movies he was in, plays that he did and

:23:36.:23:41.

musicals he was in. I didn't know that he

:23:42.:23:46.

sang in a musical. We were both made fun of in a way

:23:47.:23:57.

by having our voices on some records - you know, actors

:23:58.:24:04.

who thought they could sing. So we both laughed about that,

:24:05.:24:08.

but he was doing it professionally Rivalry - I guess would be

:24:09.:24:18.

a term that could be used. It's dramatic, but it was just

:24:19.:24:25.

the push and shove of actors Had we known each other earlier,

:24:26.:24:29.

I don't think that would have happened, but on that occasion,

:24:30.:24:36.

as a young actor and very hungry, I'd like all those fans to take away

:24:37.:24:43.

the knowledge of how wonderful a friendship I had with

:24:44.:24:54.

Leonard Nimoy and how dear Friendship is very

:24:55.:24:57.

difficult to have, to give, because what happens between actors

:24:58.:25:05.

on a movie or television series or a play, the passions

:25:06.:25:09.

of the venture bond them. When the venture is

:25:10.:25:15.

over, you say goodbye. And there are instances

:25:16.:25:19.

where you say, man, I'll call you tomorrow.

:25:20.:25:23.

I'll call you for lunch. And it never happens.

:25:24.:25:26.

It's all gone. And in the business we are in,

:25:27.:25:30.

where you were roaming a lot, solid connections are difficult

:25:31.:25:34.

to make, and I cherish the one But for now from me and the rest

:25:35.:25:37.

of the team, goodbye. If you would like to get in touch,

:25:38.:25:58.

we would love to hear from you. Bye-bye.

:25:59.:26:09.

Good evening. We will have some big contrasts in the weather by the time

:26:10.:26:10.

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