19/02/2016 World News Today


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No new deal yet for Britain as EU leaders


Prime Minister David Cameron and other leaders had back


into talks tonight after a day of delays, so what hope


is there for an agreement on Britain's future membership?


US warplanes target Islamic State militants in Libya -


aiming to kill the man behind two attacks on Western


Also coming up - tributes are paid to the best selling author


She did something that in our society is unspeakable... She kissed


a black man. Her book To Kill a Mockingbird,


which was made into a famous film, And a first look at Virgin's latest


attempt to make space travel safe for tourists - but a flight


would set you back over After more than 24 hours


of negotiations in Brussels to reach a deal on Britain's future


membership in the EU, leaders are heading back


into another round of talks. Britain's Prime Minster David


Cameron had planned to return to the UK to fire the starting


gun on an EU referendum But discussions have been beset


by delays with several EU nations unhappy over plans to curb migrant


benefits and change EU regulations. One official described


the situation as "critical". Let's join Christian Fraser,


who is in Brussels for us. Good evening. Welcome back to


Brussels. In the course of the next hour we are expecting the 28 EU


leaders to return to the council building. We are watching the big


screens behind us. Finally they will go into their second working


session. It was supposed to be what was dubbed a British working


breakfast and then it became a lunch and now it is a dinner and we are


told by the Polish representatives who briefed us in the last few


minutes that they are closing in on a deal. They expect to have an


agreement by midnight tonight. But still, even at this late stage,


there are hurdles to overcome and we must take what we are being told


with some caution. We could go late into the night and into the early


hours of the morning. We've seen leaders going away from the building


in the course of a last few hours, to get some rest. It is been the


lawyers and lyrical advisers poring over the text, trying to find a way


throughout the political interests. We have even seen a picture of Anglo


Merkle in a chip shop in Brussels trying to get food and tried to get


her mind of the negotiations ongoing. No rest for David Cameron,


he has remained in the building and there has been a series of bilateral


meetings with the Czech Prime Minister, the Dutch Prime Minister,


the Danish Prime Minister, he is pulling out all the stops to try and


get a agreement. Let's hear from our European editor. Out of the car and


into the ornate's nest. One that he stirred up yesterday. I was here


till Friday in this party working through this and we made some


progress but there are still no deal. As I said, I would only do a


deal if we get what Britain's needs. We will get back in there and I will


do everything I can. Instead of healing a UK deal does morning...


The Prime Minister found himself in a grinding new world of talks. He


had told the wife and kids, he said, there could be some delay. A case of


laughing on the outside, not so happy on the inside. The Prime


Minister had promised to battle for Britain at the summit but the truth


is, after so many weeks and months of subtle diplomacy, travel,


meetings, selling his reform deal to leaders across Europe, he didn't


expect such a strong pushback on such a number of issues from so many


countries around the table here. The proposal currently on the table


doesn't satisfy all parties. We haven't finished yet. Digging his


heels in, the Hungarian Prime Minister, along with other Central


and eastern Europeans, is toughing it out over cuts to DU migrant


benefits. The French president has remained tight-lipped about


protections for the UK from the Eurozone legislation. The Belgians


and others opposed treaty changes to write Britain out of the deal of


ever closer union and then there is the Greek Prime Minister. He


hijacked this old so public opportunity to do some hard


bargaining. Help me with migrant arrivals and I will not stand in the


way of a British deal, he said. There is a will to get the deal done


here so 28 world leaders can get back to other pressing concerns. We


keep hearing about big gaps appearing between the countries on


big issues. They have been going on for months. How can be suddenly be


resolved? I do believe that each and every country pursues their national


interest. This is very logical. But at the end we all have to understand


that, if Great Britain leaves the EU, we all get nothing. There is an


element of smoke and mirrors here. All parties feel the need to be seen


to stand their ground. That is why proceedings are taking so long. It's


becoming clear that it's not only the British Prime Minister who comes


to do battle in Brussels. Some very interesting comments this evening


from the French president who of course spent in the opposite corner


to David Cameron. He has said on French radio tonight, we must not


give in to blackmail, but that British are asking David Cameron to


help them and I am trying to do all I can. One interesting thing he


raised was the issue of the treaty which Britain and France sign


together in 2003, meaning Britain is a letter to conduct its border


controls on the French side rather than on the uke K -- UK side. You


might remember the premises that, if Britain votes leave, it might return


to the UK side and we might see more migration into the UK. The French by


Minister was asked about that and he said there were ongoing negotiations


with the UK on this issue but if we open our border, there will only be


more migrants come to France. That has been the French Government


position throughout, even though they are under pressure from the


mayor in Calais to return those border checks to the UK side.


Interesting for the leave camp that the French president seems to be


ruling out the prospect for the moment. As is normal at these EU


summits, on the 28 countries get together and one or two of them


through extra cards into the middle of the table and a couple Kate 's


the negotiations. Our political editor has been examining the major


sticking points here for you leaders.


From the moment it joined the European community more than 40


years ago, Britain has had a troubled relationship with Brussels.


The Prime Minister after Prime Minister and the yapping conflict


with their European counterparts. And no, no! David Cameron hopes his


reforms will reset that relationship for good with what he calls a new


settlement. Above all, the Prime Minister hopes to do deter migrants


coming from the EU by limiting the benefits they can claim while


working and those they send home to their children. The deal will see


migrants having their tax credits phased in over four years and their


child benefit reflecting the cost of living in their own countries.


Critics say this will not make a difference. Sadly I think it is a


pantomime, what is been offered to us, moderate changes on this but if


it were formed, subject to change the order Parliament, possibly


overruled by the European Court. What is is a missed opportunity to


go for a really different relationship. The Prime Minister is


also looking to protect the City of London from financial decisions made


by euro zone countries as it begins a integrate their economies more


closely. The deal does include new safeguards to ensure financial


markets outside the Eurozone are not treated unfairly, but there is


uncertainty about who decides when the safeguards are triggered. Mr


Cameron wants the House of Commons here to have greater powers to club


together with other European parliaments and block EU laws. That


is achieved, EU governments will have to think again if more than


half of EU parliaments opposing the proposal. Element that help the


Prime Minister will bring substantial reforms, the fact that


these negotiations are taking time shows that the issues are serious. I


believe if you can, right and will be better off and it performed EU,


but we will have to await the outcome. Above all, the Prime


Minister wants some of these reforms to be written into the EU treaties


and be made more legally binding. In particular he wants his plan to


offer Britain out of more political integration to be written into EU


law, something many countries oppose as unnecessary. Even though there


was no deal tonight, campaigning has already begun for the referendum


that is to follow. Three years ago, David Cameron promised fundamental


and far-reaching change. The question now is whether he has met


that promise. Just in case you are under the


illusion that they are all getting on fine in that room upstairs, I


will read you a couple of messages we have had from negotiators who are


party to the discussions. A foreign affairs minister with the Czech camp


says, at the time passes, I am or perplexed of the British approach of


non-negotiation, quite unorthodox to say the least. This from the Slovak


Prime Minister, who says someone brought this issue to the European


agenda, it is as far as I am concerned home political affairs. If


that country would be a small country, it would be smacked and


asked to leave but in this case it is a big country, the UK, and you


know my opinion about a small dog and a big dog in politics. Some


quite scathing remarks from the sidelines of the summit this


evening. Clearly the frustrations are rising in the room. Europe wants


to on the death of the bigger issues, they think they are being


forced to talk about what is for in a domestic agenda. Let's get a view


on that. We can talk to the former Prime Minister of Italy, he joins us


on the line. Mr Marty, good evening. I know you have a lot of experience


of summits like this. What you make of the last two comments I have made


therefrom some of the smaller countries? The frustration boiling


over the British position? Yes, there is frustration in a way


understandable. I think more generally I remember when I was


still in office, still the Prime Minister, and David Cameron called


me to announce I believe it was his Amsterdam speech in early 2013 about


calling one day a referendum. Now that move turns out to be in


retrospect a political miscalculation because what seemed


at the time might have been a sort of bilateral negotiation between the


UK and the rest of the EU, three years later it turns out to be a


really very complicated multilateral negotiation because the EU is for a


number of reasons a much more fragmented entity. So Mr Cameron in


his speech could not even remotely imagine that three years later he


would be confronted with the reactions of the countries on


welfare treatment, the reactions of the Greek Prime Minister seizing


this opportunity to make sure that the other members of the EU to not


block the border with Greece and so forth. So I am not sure that in


retrospect Mr Cameron believes it has been a very good idea. We are


hearing from the number ten camp tonight that it has been a very ugly


day. We do not think they enjoyed it one bit. It is interesting you raise


that issue about then and now. There are some people in the room,


European counterparts, saying, the David Cameron really expect to have


this renegotiation? Back then he was in coalition, perhaps he didn't


expect to win the election. Maybe he didn't expect for this to be on his


plate. Here it is, he has to have this negotiation and now he's going


to have to have that vote later in the year which might have very


serious repercussions. Yes, I think it was a well meant intention but it


played out a bit like a speculative political bats and now he sees the


downside of that bet. I still hope that there will be an agreement,


that Mr Cameron will be able to sell it convincingly to the British


people, that the UK will stay in the European Union, which I believe is


in the overall interests of the UK and EU and I would pray for Mr


Cameron to avoid going down in history with a legacy of having at


the same time fragmented the EU by leaving the EU and fragmented the UK


by having Scotland leaving the UK, that would be the terrible scenario.


So I hope for all of us and for him that we are not going to that.


So I hope for all of us and for him Before I let you go, Mr Monti, Scher


is an anecdote or two of your time here in Brussels during the summit.


They go late into the night, you need real stamina. What goes on in


the room? Can you remember things that went on when you were here that


would surprise a few people at home? Yes, particularly I remember one


night, the night between 20 eight and 29th of June of 2012 when we had


a very tense Eurozone summit, which ended at 4:30am in the morning and


where I am happy to say it was possible in initiative which was led


by the Italian Prime Minister, so every member it very well, to allow


the German Chancellor to finish and the Dutch Prime Minister to accept


some vegetables of trivialization in the bond markets that was a very


critical turning point because it paved the way for the famous


announcement about doing what it takes and the journalists that noted


during that evening and at night there was another interesting


Germany versus Italy game that was in the semifinals of the European


cup and Italy came out winning! So you won twice over! Very good. It


was very good of you to join us this evening. We are grateful for your


time, for sharing some of those thoughts with us. Thank you very


much indeed. The former Prime Minister, Mr Monti. You're watching


BBC News. That was all of the latest developments in Brussels. Let's


review some other news now. A senior figure of so-called Islamic


state - thought to be linked to last year's attacks on tourists


in Tunisia - is believed to have been killed by American airstrikes


in neighbouring Libya. An IS training camp in Sabratha,


around 70km west of Tripoli, US officials said it was "likely"


that the strikes had killed the senior Tunisian extremist


linked to the beach attack Here's our security


correspondent Frank Gardner. Flattened by a US air


strike early this morning. This is all that remains


of what Washington said was an Islamic State


training camp in Libya. US Air Force warplanes


carried out the raid, flying from RAF


Lakenheath in Suffolk. Britain's Defence


Secretary personally Their main target was


a Tunisian jihadist. He has been linked


to two terror attacks including one in Sousse


which killed 38 tourists. We took this action against Sabir


after hearing that he and others This morning's Libby attack


was the most significant It took place here at Sabratha


in a camp to the west A lot of most of those


killed were North Africa One of those is said to have played


a major role in the terror attacks Yet IS's main strength


is concentrated around Sirte Recruits continue to come


in from North Africa and It will take rebuilding the state,


strengthening the authorities and making sure that training


camps like this But this is the reality


in much of Libya now. A country awash with arms,


competing militias, no rule of law and no functioning


central government. Libya is fast emerging


as Islamic State's second The Pulitzer Prize winning


author Harper Lee - She was best known for her


classic novel the bestseller Lee, who was from Alabama,


published the book in 1960 and it would be another 55 years


until she released her second Our reporter looks


back at her life. She did something that


in our society is unspeakable. The character Atticus Finch was the


moral heart of this story of racism, injustice in childhood and board


many similarities with her own father. It is a sin to kill him


mocking bird. And Harper Lee was also something of a tomboy. She


studied law for a while but then decided to write. Her inspiration


was a life in Monroeville in Alabama and the turbulent fight for civil


rights. It was the town that witnessed the case of a black man


murdered after being accused of being brewed to a white woman. His


killers went free. Defang the defendant guilty as. It radiates


through the book, described as the nation's novel. 50 years on, she was


still given awards. I have my work cut out for me for the next 15


years. One, raced novel. But the writing, as you can see from this


letter, she had planned a series of novels but her friend said it was


hard to do with the reaction to Mockingbird. I think what it really


began to snowball and then it really began to snowball to the top of the


mountain, I wonder if it sneaked up on her after a while. Whether it


overwhelmed her. So the arrival of the second book more than 50 years


later was more than unexpected. The manuscript had been locked away for


years, it had been written before the killing mockingbird. It was an


instant bestseller but it wasn't to kill him mocking Bird. A million


copies a year is still sold. Generation after generation have


been moved by Harper Lee's story of justice, decency and setting up for


what was right. She did really didn't need to write another word.


Thousands of mourners are paying their respects to the former US


Supreme Court Justice who died last week.


His death has complicated an already turbulent election year.


It gives President Obama a chance to appoint a more liberal successor


to Justice Scalia - but Republican leaders believe


a replacement should not be named until the next


Barack Obama and the first lady are expected to pay their respects


Sir Richard Branson will reveal a new version of his


Virgin Galactic SpaceShip later today.


Sir Richard is part of a commercial space race among rival billionaire


entrepreneurs, as they vie to send the first tourists into space.


Our correspondent Andy Moore reports.


Under construction at a hangar in the Mojave Desert.


It looks much the same as its predecessor but most


The new vehicle is essentially the same as the previous one.


But we have incorporated a lot of small changes,


Which have, I think, made a significant, overall


The Virgin Galactic SpaceShip is lodged at altitude


The testing programme was well advanced when it was folded


Soon after separation, the co-pilot prematurely operated


a control that should only have been used for re-entry.


The craft broke up and fell to the desert floor.


He was killed, the pilot survived with serious injuries.


An investigation found it should have had safety systems to take


account of the possibility of human error.


The main thing is, space is difficult.


We are trying to do things here that nobody else has managed to achieve.


I think the beautiful planet we live on, Earth,


through space, we can do many, many things to help this planet.


Richard Branson was a much younger man when he first launched


the project in 2004, saying the first passengers would be


in space in a few years' time was up many of them have paid $200,000


upfront and they still do not know when they will get to fly


After the tragic loss of Mike it would have been


wrong for them to cancel the project.


It meant he would have lost his life in vain.


Branson has plenty of competitors hot on his heels.


Blue Origin is planning to use a reusable rocket.


It is a crowded marketplace and the prize is to make space


An Aston Martin DB10 car designed for the latest James Bond film


"Spectre" has sold for some $3.5 million at auction,


The car was one of ten made for the 007 movie that saw


Daniel Craig reprise the famous role for the fourth time.


The sale was the biggest of the night in a charity auction


EU leaders are heading into another dinner meeting with no deal yet


Discussions have been beset by delays with several EU nations


unhappy over plans to curb migrant benefits and change EU regulations.


Good evening. Usually at this point on a Friday night I would summarises


the weekend forecast in a few words or a simple headline, but this


weekend it's a bit more complicated than that. Largely because of this


weather front that stretches right back across the Atlantic. It is the


dividing line between


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