19/02/2016 World News Today


19/02/2016

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No new deal yet for Britain as EU leaders

:00:00.:00:09.

Prime Minister David Cameron and other leaders had back

:00:10.:00:15.

into talks tonight after a day of delays, so what hope

:00:16.:00:18.

is there for an agreement on Britain's future membership?

:00:19.:00:24.

US warplanes target Islamic State militants in Libya -

:00:25.:00:27.

aiming to kill the man behind two attacks on Western

:00:28.:00:30.

Also coming up - tributes are paid to the best selling author

:00:31.:00:36.

She did something that in our society is unspeakable... She kissed

:00:37.:00:49.

a black man. Her book To Kill a Mockingbird,

:00:50.:00:54.

which was made into a famous film, And a first look at Virgin's latest

:00:55.:00:57.

attempt to make space travel safe for tourists - but a flight

:00:58.:01:03.

would set you back over After more than 24 hours

:01:04.:01:05.

of negotiations in Brussels to reach a deal on Britain's future

:01:06.:01:18.

membership in the EU, leaders are heading back

:01:19.:01:26.

into another round of talks. Britain's Prime Minster David

:01:27.:01:28.

Cameron had planned to return to the UK to fire the starting

:01:29.:01:30.

gun on an EU referendum But discussions have been beset

:01:31.:01:33.

by delays with several EU nations unhappy over plans to curb migrant

:01:34.:01:38.

benefits and change EU regulations. One official described

:01:39.:01:42.

the situation as "critical". Let's join Christian Fraser,

:01:43.:01:43.

who is in Brussels for us. Good evening. Welcome back to

:01:44.:01:59.

Brussels. In the course of the next hour we are expecting the 28 EU

:02:00.:02:03.

leaders to return to the council building. We are watching the big

:02:04.:02:07.

screens behind us. Finally they will go into their second working

:02:08.:02:10.

session. It was supposed to be what was dubbed a British working

:02:11.:02:14.

breakfast and then it became a lunch and now it is a dinner and we are

:02:15.:02:17.

told by the Polish representatives who briefed us in the last few

:02:18.:02:20.

minutes that they are closing in on a deal. They expect to have an

:02:21.:02:30.

agreement by midnight tonight. But still, even at this late stage,

:02:31.:02:33.

there are hurdles to overcome and we must take what we are being told

:02:34.:02:36.

with some caution. We could go late into the night and into the early

:02:37.:02:38.

hours of the morning. We've seen leaders going away from the building

:02:39.:02:41.

in the course of a last few hours, to get some rest. It is been the

:02:42.:02:45.

lawyers and lyrical advisers poring over the text, trying to find a way

:02:46.:02:49.

throughout the political interests. We have even seen a picture of Anglo

:02:50.:02:55.

Merkle in a chip shop in Brussels trying to get food and tried to get

:02:56.:02:59.

her mind of the negotiations ongoing. No rest for David Cameron,

:03:00.:03:03.

he has remained in the building and there has been a series of bilateral

:03:04.:03:07.

meetings with the Czech Prime Minister, the Dutch Prime Minister,

:03:08.:03:10.

the Danish Prime Minister, he is pulling out all the stops to try and

:03:11.:03:14.

get a agreement. Let's hear from our European editor. Out of the car and

:03:15.:03:26.

into the ornate's nest. One that he stirred up yesterday. I was here

:03:27.:03:29.

till Friday in this party working through this and we made some

:03:30.:03:32.

progress but there are still no deal. As I said, I would only do a

:03:33.:03:36.

deal if we get what Britain's needs. We will get back in there and I will

:03:37.:03:42.

do everything I can. Instead of healing a UK deal does morning...

:03:43.:03:47.

The Prime Minister found himself in a grinding new world of talks. He

:03:48.:03:56.

had told the wife and kids, he said, there could be some delay. A case of

:03:57.:04:02.

laughing on the outside, not so happy on the inside. The Prime

:04:03.:04:06.

Minister had promised to battle for Britain at the summit but the truth

:04:07.:04:11.

is, after so many weeks and months of subtle diplomacy, travel,

:04:12.:04:15.

meetings, selling his reform deal to leaders across Europe, he didn't

:04:16.:04:19.

expect such a strong pushback on such a number of issues from so many

:04:20.:04:28.

countries around the table here. The proposal currently on the table

:04:29.:04:31.

doesn't satisfy all parties. We haven't finished yet. Digging his

:04:32.:04:37.

heels in, the Hungarian Prime Minister, along with other Central

:04:38.:04:41.

and eastern Europeans, is toughing it out over cuts to DU migrant

:04:42.:04:46.

benefits. The French president has remained tight-lipped about

:04:47.:04:50.

protections for the UK from the Eurozone legislation. The Belgians

:04:51.:04:56.

and others opposed treaty changes to write Britain out of the deal of

:04:57.:05:00.

ever closer union and then there is the Greek Prime Minister. He

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hijacked this old so public opportunity to do some hard

:05:04.:05:08.

bargaining. Help me with migrant arrivals and I will not stand in the

:05:09.:05:13.

way of a British deal, he said. There is a will to get the deal done

:05:14.:05:17.

here so 28 world leaders can get back to other pressing concerns. We

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keep hearing about big gaps appearing between the countries on

:05:23.:05:25.

big issues. They have been going on for months. How can be suddenly be

:05:26.:05:32.

resolved? I do believe that each and every country pursues their national

:05:33.:05:35.

interest. This is very logical. But at the end we all have to understand

:05:36.:05:42.

that, if Great Britain leaves the EU, we all get nothing. There is an

:05:43.:05:47.

element of smoke and mirrors here. All parties feel the need to be seen

:05:48.:05:51.

to stand their ground. That is why proceedings are taking so long. It's

:05:52.:05:56.

becoming clear that it's not only the British Prime Minister who comes

:05:57.:06:03.

to do battle in Brussels. Some very interesting comments this evening

:06:04.:06:07.

from the French president who of course spent in the opposite corner

:06:08.:06:11.

to David Cameron. He has said on French radio tonight, we must not

:06:12.:06:16.

give in to blackmail, but that British are asking David Cameron to

:06:17.:06:19.

help them and I am trying to do all I can. One interesting thing he

:06:20.:06:23.

raised was the issue of the treaty which Britain and France sign

:06:24.:06:28.

together in 2003, meaning Britain is a letter to conduct its border

:06:29.:06:31.

controls on the French side rather than on the uke K -- UK side. You

:06:32.:06:40.

might remember the premises that, if Britain votes leave, it might return

:06:41.:06:45.

to the UK side and we might see more migration into the UK. The French by

:06:46.:06:49.

Minister was asked about that and he said there were ongoing negotiations

:06:50.:06:52.

with the UK on this issue but if we open our border, there will only be

:06:53.:06:56.

more migrants come to France. That has been the French Government

:06:57.:06:59.

position throughout, even though they are under pressure from the

:07:00.:07:03.

mayor in Calais to return those border checks to the UK side.

:07:04.:07:08.

Interesting for the leave camp that the French president seems to be

:07:09.:07:11.

ruling out the prospect for the moment. As is normal at these EU

:07:12.:07:17.

summits, on the 28 countries get together and one or two of them

:07:18.:07:20.

through extra cards into the middle of the table and a couple Kate 's

:07:21.:07:25.

the negotiations. Our political editor has been examining the major

:07:26.:07:28.

sticking points here for you leaders.

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From the moment it joined the European community more than 40

:07:34.:07:36.

years ago, Britain has had a troubled relationship with Brussels.

:07:37.:07:40.

The Prime Minister after Prime Minister and the yapping conflict

:07:41.:07:43.

with their European counterparts. And no, no! David Cameron hopes his

:07:44.:07:50.

reforms will reset that relationship for good with what he calls a new

:07:51.:07:55.

settlement. Above all, the Prime Minister hopes to do deter migrants

:07:56.:07:59.

coming from the EU by limiting the benefits they can claim while

:08:00.:08:04.

working and those they send home to their children. The deal will see

:08:05.:08:08.

migrants having their tax credits phased in over four years and their

:08:09.:08:12.

child benefit reflecting the cost of living in their own countries.

:08:13.:08:15.

Critics say this will not make a difference. Sadly I think it is a

:08:16.:08:20.

pantomime, what is been offered to us, moderate changes on this but if

:08:21.:08:24.

it were formed, subject to change the order Parliament, possibly

:08:25.:08:28.

overruled by the European Court. What is is a missed opportunity to

:08:29.:08:32.

go for a really different relationship. The Prime Minister is

:08:33.:08:37.

also looking to protect the City of London from financial decisions made

:08:38.:08:40.

by euro zone countries as it begins a integrate their economies more

:08:41.:08:46.

closely. The deal does include new safeguards to ensure financial

:08:47.:08:49.

markets outside the Eurozone are not treated unfairly, but there is

:08:50.:08:53.

uncertainty about who decides when the safeguards are triggered. Mr

:08:54.:08:56.

Cameron wants the House of Commons here to have greater powers to club

:08:57.:09:02.

together with other European parliaments and block EU laws. That

:09:03.:09:06.

is achieved, EU governments will have to think again if more than

:09:07.:09:09.

half of EU parliaments opposing the proposal. Element that help the

:09:10.:09:14.

Prime Minister will bring substantial reforms, the fact that

:09:15.:09:16.

these negotiations are taking time shows that the issues are serious. I

:09:17.:09:20.

believe if you can, right and will be better off and it performed EU,

:09:21.:09:24.

but we will have to await the outcome. Above all, the Prime

:09:25.:09:28.

Minister wants some of these reforms to be written into the EU treaties

:09:29.:09:33.

and be made more legally binding. In particular he wants his plan to

:09:34.:09:37.

offer Britain out of more political integration to be written into EU

:09:38.:09:40.

law, something many countries oppose as unnecessary. Even though there

:09:41.:09:45.

was no deal tonight, campaigning has already begun for the referendum

:09:46.:09:50.

that is to follow. Three years ago, David Cameron promised fundamental

:09:51.:09:53.

and far-reaching change. The question now is whether he has met

:09:54.:10:00.

that promise. Just in case you are under the

:10:01.:10:03.

illusion that they are all getting on fine in that room upstairs, I

:10:04.:10:07.

will read you a couple of messages we have had from negotiators who are

:10:08.:10:14.

party to the discussions. A foreign affairs minister with the Czech camp

:10:15.:10:20.

says, at the time passes, I am or perplexed of the British approach of

:10:21.:10:24.

non-negotiation, quite unorthodox to say the least. This from the Slovak

:10:25.:10:28.

Prime Minister, who says someone brought this issue to the European

:10:29.:10:33.

agenda, it is as far as I am concerned home political affairs. If

:10:34.:10:38.

that country would be a small country, it would be smacked and

:10:39.:10:41.

asked to leave but in this case it is a big country, the UK, and you

:10:42.:10:45.

know my opinion about a small dog and a big dog in politics. Some

:10:46.:10:50.

quite scathing remarks from the sidelines of the summit this

:10:51.:10:53.

evening. Clearly the frustrations are rising in the room. Europe wants

:10:54.:10:58.

to on the death of the bigger issues, they think they are being

:10:59.:11:01.

forced to talk about what is for in a domestic agenda. Let's get a view

:11:02.:11:07.

on that. We can talk to the former Prime Minister of Italy, he joins us

:11:08.:11:12.

on the line. Mr Marty, good evening. I know you have a lot of experience

:11:13.:11:16.

of summits like this. What you make of the last two comments I have made

:11:17.:11:19.

therefrom some of the smaller countries? The frustration boiling

:11:20.:11:24.

over the British position? Yes, there is frustration in a way

:11:25.:11:30.

understandable. I think more generally I remember when I was

:11:31.:11:34.

still in office, still the Prime Minister, and David Cameron called

:11:35.:11:42.

me to announce I believe it was his Amsterdam speech in early 2013 about

:11:43.:11:49.

calling one day a referendum. Now that move turns out to be in

:11:50.:11:57.

retrospect a political miscalculation because what seemed

:11:58.:12:03.

at the time might have been a sort of bilateral negotiation between the

:12:04.:12:07.

UK and the rest of the EU, three years later it turns out to be a

:12:08.:12:16.

really very complicated multilateral negotiation because the EU is for a

:12:17.:12:20.

number of reasons a much more fragmented entity. So Mr Cameron in

:12:21.:12:27.

his speech could not even remotely imagine that three years later he

:12:28.:12:36.

would be confronted with the reactions of the countries on

:12:37.:12:43.

welfare treatment, the reactions of the Greek Prime Minister seizing

:12:44.:12:50.

this opportunity to make sure that the other members of the EU to not

:12:51.:12:54.

block the border with Greece and so forth. So I am not sure that in

:12:55.:13:02.

retrospect Mr Cameron believes it has been a very good idea. We are

:13:03.:13:07.

hearing from the number ten camp tonight that it has been a very ugly

:13:08.:13:11.

day. We do not think they enjoyed it one bit. It is interesting you raise

:13:12.:13:16.

that issue about then and now. There are some people in the room,

:13:17.:13:20.

European counterparts, saying, the David Cameron really expect to have

:13:21.:13:25.

this renegotiation? Back then he was in coalition, perhaps he didn't

:13:26.:13:29.

expect to win the election. Maybe he didn't expect for this to be on his

:13:30.:13:34.

plate. Here it is, he has to have this negotiation and now he's going

:13:35.:13:37.

to have to have that vote later in the year which might have very

:13:38.:13:44.

serious repercussions. Yes, I think it was a well meant intention but it

:13:45.:13:52.

played out a bit like a speculative political bats and now he sees the

:13:53.:14:00.

downside of that bet. I still hope that there will be an agreement,

:14:01.:14:06.

that Mr Cameron will be able to sell it convincingly to the British

:14:07.:14:12.

people, that the UK will stay in the European Union, which I believe is

:14:13.:14:19.

in the overall interests of the UK and EU and I would pray for Mr

:14:20.:14:26.

Cameron to avoid going down in history with a legacy of having at

:14:27.:14:36.

the same time fragmented the EU by leaving the EU and fragmented the UK

:14:37.:14:42.

by having Scotland leaving the UK, that would be the terrible scenario.

:14:43.:14:46.

So I hope for all of us and for him that we are not going to that.

:14:47.:14:53.

So I hope for all of us and for him Before I let you go, Mr Monti, Scher

:14:54.:14:57.

is an anecdote or two of your time here in Brussels during the summit.

:14:58.:15:02.

They go late into the night, you need real stamina. What goes on in

:15:03.:15:05.

the room? Can you remember things that went on when you were here that

:15:06.:15:10.

would surprise a few people at home? Yes, particularly I remember one

:15:11.:15:17.

night, the night between 20 eight and 29th of June of 2012 when we had

:15:18.:15:30.

a very tense Eurozone summit, which ended at 4:30am in the morning and

:15:31.:15:39.

where I am happy to say it was possible in initiative which was led

:15:40.:15:46.

by the Italian Prime Minister, so every member it very well, to allow

:15:47.:15:57.

the German Chancellor to finish and the Dutch Prime Minister to accept

:15:58.:16:01.

some vegetables of trivialization in the bond markets that was a very

:16:02.:16:08.

critical turning point because it paved the way for the famous

:16:09.:16:17.

announcement about doing what it takes and the journalists that noted

:16:18.:16:25.

during that evening and at night there was another interesting

:16:26.:16:33.

Germany versus Italy game that was in the semifinals of the European

:16:34.:16:46.

cup and Italy came out winning! So you won twice over! Very good. It

:16:47.:16:54.

was very good of you to join us this evening. We are grateful for your

:16:55.:16:57.

time, for sharing some of those thoughts with us. Thank you very

:16:58.:17:01.

much indeed. The former Prime Minister, Mr Monti. You're watching

:17:02.:17:09.

BBC News. That was all of the latest developments in Brussels. Let's

:17:10.:17:10.

review some other news now. A senior figure of so-called Islamic

:17:11.:17:12.

state - thought to be linked to last year's attacks on tourists

:17:13.:17:15.

in Tunisia - is believed to have been killed by American airstrikes

:17:16.:17:17.

in neighbouring Libya. An IS training camp in Sabratha,

:17:18.:17:19.

around 70km west of Tripoli, US officials said it was "likely"

:17:20.:17:22.

that the strikes had killed the senior Tunisian extremist

:17:23.:17:26.

linked to the beach attack Here's our security

:17:27.:17:29.

correspondent Frank Gardner. Flattened by a US air

:17:30.:17:33.

strike early this morning. This is all that remains

:17:34.:17:37.

of what Washington said was an Islamic State

:17:38.:17:41.

training camp in Libya. US Air Force warplanes

:17:42.:17:45.

carried out the raid, flying from RAF

:17:46.:17:47.

Lakenheath in Suffolk. Britain's Defence

:17:48.:17:52.

Secretary personally Their main target was

:17:53.:17:54.

a Tunisian jihadist. He has been linked

:17:55.:18:07.

to two terror attacks including one in Sousse

:18:08.:18:13.

which killed 38 tourists. We took this action against Sabir

:18:14.:18:18.

after hearing that he and others This morning's Libby attack

:18:19.:18:22.

was the most significant It took place here at Sabratha

:18:23.:18:31.

in a camp to the west A lot of most of those

:18:32.:18:35.

killed were North Africa One of those is said to have played

:18:36.:18:44.

a major role in the terror attacks Yet IS's main strength

:18:45.:18:49.

is concentrated around Sirte Recruits continue to come

:18:50.:18:57.

in from North Africa and It will take rebuilding the state,

:18:58.:19:04.

strengthening the authorities and making sure that training

:19:05.:19:12.

camps like this But this is the reality

:19:13.:19:14.

in much of Libya now. A country awash with arms,

:19:15.:19:22.

competing militias, no rule of law and no functioning

:19:23.:19:24.

central government. Libya is fast emerging

:19:25.:19:26.

as Islamic State's second The Pulitzer Prize winning

:19:27.:19:28.

author Harper Lee - She was best known for her

:19:29.:19:38.

classic novel the bestseller Lee, who was from Alabama,

:19:39.:19:44.

published the book in 1960 and it would be another 55 years

:19:45.:19:50.

until she released her second Our reporter looks

:19:51.:19:53.

back at her life. She did something that

:19:54.:20:11.

in our society is unspeakable. The character Atticus Finch was the

:20:12.:20:25.

moral heart of this story of racism, injustice in childhood and board

:20:26.:20:27.

many similarities with her own father. It is a sin to kill him

:20:28.:20:36.

mocking bird. And Harper Lee was also something of a tomboy. She

:20:37.:20:40.

studied law for a while but then decided to write. Her inspiration

:20:41.:20:45.

was a life in Monroeville in Alabama and the turbulent fight for civil

:20:46.:20:48.

rights. It was the town that witnessed the case of a black man

:20:49.:20:51.

murdered after being accused of being brewed to a white woman. His

:20:52.:20:58.

killers went free. Defang the defendant guilty as. It radiates

:20:59.:21:05.

through the book, described as the nation's novel. 50 years on, she was

:21:06.:21:12.

still given awards. I have my work cut out for me for the next 15

:21:13.:21:18.

years. One, raced novel. But the writing, as you can see from this

:21:19.:21:23.

letter, she had planned a series of novels but her friend said it was

:21:24.:21:28.

hard to do with the reaction to Mockingbird. I think what it really

:21:29.:21:32.

began to snowball and then it really began to snowball to the top of the

:21:33.:21:39.

mountain, I wonder if it sneaked up on her after a while. Whether it

:21:40.:21:53.

overwhelmed her. So the arrival of the second book more than 50 years

:21:54.:21:58.

later was more than unexpected. The manuscript had been locked away for

:21:59.:22:03.

years, it had been written before the killing mockingbird. It was an

:22:04.:22:07.

instant bestseller but it wasn't to kill him mocking Bird. A million

:22:08.:22:11.

copies a year is still sold. Generation after generation have

:22:12.:22:17.

been moved by Harper Lee's story of justice, decency and setting up for

:22:18.:22:20.

what was right. She did really didn't need to write another word.

:22:21.:22:29.

Thousands of mourners are paying their respects to the former US

:22:30.:22:36.

Supreme Court Justice who died last week.

:22:37.:22:41.

His death has complicated an already turbulent election year.

:22:42.:22:44.

It gives President Obama a chance to appoint a more liberal successor

:22:45.:22:47.

to Justice Scalia - but Republican leaders believe

:22:48.:22:49.

a replacement should not be named until the next

:22:50.:22:51.

Barack Obama and the first lady are expected to pay their respects

:22:52.:22:55.

Sir Richard Branson will reveal a new version of his

:22:56.:22:58.

Virgin Galactic SpaceShip later today.

:22:59.:22:59.

Sir Richard is part of a commercial space race among rival billionaire

:23:00.:23:02.

entrepreneurs, as they vie to send the first tourists into space.

:23:03.:23:05.

Our correspondent Andy Moore reports.

:23:06.:23:07.

Under construction at a hangar in the Mojave Desert.

:23:08.:23:10.

It looks much the same as its predecessor but most

:23:11.:23:13.

The new vehicle is essentially the same as the previous one.

:23:14.:23:19.

But we have incorporated a lot of small changes,

:23:20.:23:22.

Which have, I think, made a significant, overall

:23:23.:23:27.

The Virgin Galactic SpaceShip is lodged at altitude

:23:28.:23:30.

The testing programme was well advanced when it was folded

:23:31.:23:38.

Soon after separation, the co-pilot prematurely operated

:23:39.:23:45.

a control that should only have been used for re-entry.

:23:46.:23:48.

The craft broke up and fell to the desert floor.

:23:49.:23:53.

He was killed, the pilot survived with serious injuries.

:23:54.:23:58.

An investigation found it should have had safety systems to take

:23:59.:24:01.

account of the possibility of human error.

:24:02.:24:04.

The main thing is, space is difficult.

:24:05.:24:06.

We are trying to do things here that nobody else has managed to achieve.

:24:07.:24:11.

I think the beautiful planet we live on, Earth,

:24:12.:24:16.

through space, we can do many, many things to help this planet.

:24:17.:24:20.

Richard Branson was a much younger man when he first launched

:24:21.:24:22.

the project in 2004, saying the first passengers would be

:24:23.:24:27.

in space in a few years' time was up many of them have paid $200,000

:24:28.:24:34.

upfront and they still do not know when they will get to fly

:24:35.:24:38.

After the tragic loss of Mike it would have been

:24:39.:24:47.

wrong for them to cancel the project.

:24:48.:24:49.

It meant he would have lost his life in vain.

:24:50.:24:55.

Branson has plenty of competitors hot on his heels.

:24:56.:24:58.

Blue Origin is planning to use a reusable rocket.

:24:59.:25:01.

It is a crowded marketplace and the prize is to make space

:25:02.:25:04.

An Aston Martin DB10 car designed for the latest James Bond film

:25:05.:25:15.

"Spectre" has sold for some $3.5 million at auction,

:25:16.:25:17.

The car was one of ten made for the 007 movie that saw

:25:18.:25:25.

Daniel Craig reprise the famous role for the fourth time.

:25:26.:25:27.

The sale was the biggest of the night in a charity auction

:25:28.:25:30.

EU leaders are heading into another dinner meeting with no deal yet

:25:31.:25:38.

Discussions have been beset by delays with several EU nations

:25:39.:25:44.

unhappy over plans to curb migrant benefits and change EU regulations.

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Good evening. Usually at this point on a Friday night I would summarises

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the weekend forecast in a few words or a simple headline, but this

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weekend it's a bit more complicated than that. Largely because of this

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weather front that stretches right back across the Atlantic. It is the

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dividing line between

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