19/02/2016 World News Today


19/02/2016

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This is BBC News, I'm Christian Fraser live at the European Union

:00:09.:00:14.

summit in Brussels. I will be looking at what David Cameron has

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set out to achieve in this negotiation and what he might get.

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European leader years have been arriving for what has been billed as

:00:25.:00:29.

another late-night session with written's future in the European

:00:30.:00:32.

Union at stake. US warplanes target so-called

:00:33.:00:41.

Islamic State militants in Libya. We are on the road in South

:00:42.:00:45.

Carolina, evangelical Christian country, on bees of another -- on

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the EU have of another Republican presidential primary. -- on the eve.

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After all of the bilateral meetings and negotiations that have gone on

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over 36 hours at this summit the 26 leaders have met for a working

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dinner, they will be there for two or three hours, and we hear from our

:01:18.:01:22.

European correspondent that there is another text in front of him. They

:01:23.:01:27.

will look at that, I believe there are some hurdles to overcome, but a

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lot of optimism that a deal can be done. Words from some European

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leaders that they are not going to let David Cameron leave Brussels

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without a deal in his hands so clearly still concerned that Britain

:01:42.:01:45.

might vote to leave the European Union. They are trying to give David

:01:46.:01:51.

Cameron as credible deal as they can offer him so they can go back -- he

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can go back to Downing Street and he can meet with his government and

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fired the starting gun for the referendum campaign. It has been a

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hard day for David Cameron, meeting a lot of European leaders, so let's

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get a full round-up from Katya Adler.

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Out of the car and into the hornet's nest that he stirred up yesterday.

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I was here until five o'clock this morning working through this

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and we've made some progress but still no deal and as I said

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I will only do a deal if we get what Britain needs so we will do

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some more work in there and I will do everything I can.

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Instead of hailing an EU deal this morning, the Prime Minister found

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himself in a grinding new whirl of talks.

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He said he had told the wife and kids there could be some delay,

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a case of laughing on the outside, not so happy on the in.

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He had promised to battle for Britain but the truth

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is, after so many weeks and months of shuttle diplomacy,

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travelling, meeting, selling his reform deal to European

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leaders, he didn't expect such strong pushback on so many issues

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from so many countries around the table here.

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TRANSLATION: The proposal currently on the table does not

:03:21.:03:22.

Digging his heels in, the Hungarian Prime Minister along

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with other central and eastern Europeans is toughing it out over

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The French President has remained tight-lipped about protections for

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Belgium and others opposed treaty change to exclude Britain from ever

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closer union and then there is the Greek Prime Minister,

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who hijacked this oh so public opportunity to do

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He said, "Help me with migrant arrivals and I won't stand

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There is a will here to get this done so 28 world leaders can get

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We keep hearing about big gaps between the countries on big issues,

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they have been going on for months, so how can they suddenly be

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I do believe that every country pursues their national interest

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and this is logical but we all have to understand that if Great Britain

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There is an element of smoke and mirrors here.

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All parties feel the need to be seen to stand their ground,

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that is why proceedings are taking so long.

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It is becoming clear that it is not only the British Prime Minister

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One of the greatest stumbling blocks in these negotiations over the past

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day has been trying to find agreement with East European

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countries about the benefit payments that David Cameron wants to reform

:05:08.:05:12.

for migrants already living in the UK. He wants to freeze for four

:05:13.:05:18.

years, or this is where he set out from, in work payments paid to

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migrants, top ups paid by the state onto their salary. He wanted to

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reform child benefit by linking benefits sent overseas to Poland or

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Slovakia, linking that to the standard of living in those

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countries, and that has proved quite a tough one to get past the Eastern

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European countries. He is under pressure not to water down the

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position from where he started and tonight we got quite an interesting

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tweet from the foreign affairs representative for the cheque

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government. -- Czech government. Earlier I asked

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him what he made of the talks. It has been two tough days and nights,

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we finished this morning about five and we were back at ten. If there is

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no deal we are crazy but I also believe that we managed to find good

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compromises. Will the talks be a rubber stamping exercise or are

:06:35.:06:40.

there still talks to be had? We had about 20 or 25 meetings during the

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day so we managed to have all of the details. In about 20 minutes it will

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be the first time we have the whole text again so we will read through

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it, making sure nothing slipped, but if things are done properly in the

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text in the discussion could be over in an hour or two. In one of your

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tweets today you said, as time passes I am more and more Plextor by

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the British approach of non-negotiation, quite to say the

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route least. -- -- per Plextor. Everybody has set out his ground,

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that is what we would expect yesterday afternoon. What was

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strange was that during the day we heard the same position from the UK

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again and again. Refusing to bend? Refusing to bend when everybody else

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was trying to find compromises. He was tougher than expected. Everybody

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believed he would try to find compromises but in the end he let

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the others do the compromise, which was probably clever negotiation, but

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it also led to some of these distractions, let's say. We

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understand Mr Cameron is demanding 30 years for the emergency brake,

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what figure have you come to? For us there are two possible point of

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arrival, one of them is five years, because if you live somewhere the

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six years you acquire residence. The maximum was seven years, because

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that is how long you can limit new workers from new countries joining

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the European Union. It is something already in European legislation and

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it is reasonable enough. The Czech foreign affairs Minister.

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We should put some context on Bobby emergency brake is. Chris Morris, is

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minor -- our Europe Minister, we know David Cameron wanted to limit

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benefit payments to each migrant in Britain for a period of four years.

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How did we come to seven and 13? The four year period is still there,

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payments would be phased in over a four year period. The other one is

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how long will it have the ability to pull the emergency brake? David

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Cameron said 13 years, the Eastern European leaders said five years.

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Most people knew it would end up as seven. If Britain votes yes to stay

:09:42.:09:48.

in the European Union, over a period over the next seven years the UK

:09:49.:09:52.

have the ability to restrict in work welfare payment to migrant workers

:09:53.:10:09.

for up to four years. The Czech European Minister seemed happy with

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seven years. Is this just a rubber stamping exercise? Probably, but I

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have been in these meetings before when somebody says, wait a minute, I

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haven't seen this particular detail before. We know that in the final

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draft pieces of contentious text have been removed, so solutions have

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been suggested after this day of bilateral agreements. If everybody

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has agreed then we need to see the text to see what has been approved.

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Take a step back and whatever is in this text it will not be what a

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number of Britain will vote on in a referendum on European Union

:10:54.:10:57.

membership, they will vote on rig themes, what it means for them and

:10:58.:11:02.

their family in the future. -- rig themes. -- gear. The Czech European

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Minister said there could be the issue of migration. Mr Tsipras said,

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if we are having solidarity for northern Europe, we should have

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solidarity for southern Europe, I might not agree to this unless I get

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what I want on migration. There is a period when legislation would have

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to be implemented to bring part of this proposed agreement into affect.

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There is always the danger that somebody could pull the plug, the

:11:42.:11:46.

European Parliament could refuse to vote for this. I suspect eventually

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it will get put in place again, if Britain says yes, because if Britain

:11:54.:12:01.

leaves the EU all votes are -- rural bets are off. Many people are saying

:12:02.:12:12.

don't expect to say no and then come back and say can we negotiate a bit

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more, it is one shot. No doubt there was exasperation on the part of Mr

:12:20.:12:24.

Tsipras, talking about benefits in the UK, which he would probably

:12:25.:12:28.

consider a peripheral issue when he is dealing with the debt crisis and

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the migrant crisis, and he is not the only European leader who feels

:12:33.:12:38.

that way. James Langdale has been looking at what each European leader

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wants from the negotiation and why it is so difficult to come to

:12:45.:12:46.

agreement. From the moment it joined

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the European Community more than 40 years ago, Britain has had

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a troubled relationship with Prime Minister

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after Prime Minister ending up in conflict

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with their European counterparts. David Cameron hopes his reforms

:12:59.:13:00.

will reset that relationship for good, with what he

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calls a new settlement. Above all the Prime Minister hopes

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to deter migrants coming here from the EU by limiting

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the benefits they can And those they send

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home to their children. The deal will see migrants

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having their tax credits phased in over four years,

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and their child benefit reflecting the cost of living

:13:21.:13:23.

in their own countries. Critics say this just

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won't make a difference. What is being offered are some

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modest changes on benefit reform which will be subject

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to change, could possibly What it is is a missed

:13:42.:13:43.

opportunity to go for a really The Prime Minister is

:13:44.:13:48.

also looking to protect the City of London from financial

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decisions made by eurozone countries as they begin to integrate

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their economies more closely. The deal does include

:13:59.:14:00.

new safeguards to ensure financial markets

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outside the eurozone But there's uncertainty over

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who decides when these Mr Cameron wants the House

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of Commons to have greater powers to club together with other

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European parliaments EU governments will have to think

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again if more than half of EU I hope the Prime Minister will bring

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back substantial reforms, the fact that these

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negotiations are taking time I believe if he can

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that Britain will But we will have

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to await the outcome. Above all the Prime Minister wants

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some of these reforms to be written into the EU's treaties and made

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more legally binding. In particular he wants his plan

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to opt Britain out of more political integration to be written into EU

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law, something many countries Even though there is still no deal

:14:51.:14:52.

tonight, campaigning has already begun for the referendum

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that is to follow. Three years ago David Cameron

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promised fundamental The question now is whether he

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has met that promise. James Landale, BBC

:15:04.:15:08.

News, Westminster. To sum up, the 28 leaders finally

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back in the room negotiating a second draft text. We think they are

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edging towards a deal, that is the feel from some of the messages

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coming from political advisers. It has been a long day, from what was

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supposed to be working British breakfast to a British lunch to a

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belated British dinner and some leaders just couldn't wait. Angela

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Merkel, the German Chancellor, so often the power broker these

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summits, broke cover and was spotted by a photographer in a local chip

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shop buying some chips, and who can blame her, she will definitely need

:15:57.:16:04.

the stamina this evening. Stay with us here on BBC News. We

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will have all of the latest developments of the day coming up,

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including the tributes being paid to the celebrated American author of To

:16:14.:16:18.

Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee, who has died.

:16:19.:16:27.

Nine years and 15 days after going into Afghanistan, the last troops

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coming home, but the army defeated in the task it was sent to perform.

:16:34.:16:42.

This will have repercussions in the streets. One wonders who is next.

:16:43.:16:56.

As the airlift got under way there was no letup in the eruption. Lava

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streams flowed down to the sea on the east of the island, away from

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the town for the time being but it could start flowing at any time. The

:17:10.:17:13.

Russians heralded their new generation space station with a

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night launch. They called it Mir, the Russian for peace.

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You are watching BBC World News Today, let's bring you up-to-date

:17:28.:17:31.

with the latest headlines. David Cameron and other leaders head back

:17:32.:17:36.

into talks after a day of delays. Lots of questions being asked about

:17:37.:17:41.

what hope there is on an agreement for Britain's future membership.

:17:42.:17:47.

US warplanes target so-called IES militants in Libya, hoping to target

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the men responsible for the terrorist attacks in Tunisia were

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more than 40 people were killed. A senior figure of Islamic State

:17:58.:18:02.

thought to be responsible for those attacks is believed to have been

:18:03.:18:06.

killed by American air strikes in Libya. US officials said it was

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likely the strikes had killed the extremist. 30 Britons were killed in

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that beach attack. More now from Frank Gardner.

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Flattened by a US air strike early this morning.

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This is all that remained of what Washington says

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was an Islamic State training camp in Libya.

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US Air Force warplanes carried out the raid,

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flying from RAF Lakenheath in Suffolk.

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Armand Traor 's were also used. -- unmanned drones.

:18:38.:18:49.

Britain's Defence Secretary personally

:18:50.:18:50.

Their main target was a Tunisian jihadist,

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He has been linked to two terror attacks

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including one in Sousse which killed 38 tourists.

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We took this action against Sabir after hearing that he and others

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This morning's Libya attack was the most significant

:19:11.:19:13.

It took place here at Sabratha in a camp to the far west

:19:14.:19:19.

We are told most of those killed were North African recruits to

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Islamic State. One of those is said to have played

:19:26.:19:28.

a major role in the terror attacks Yet IS's main strength

:19:29.:19:32.

is concentrated around Sirte Recruits continue to flow

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in from Africa and the Middle East. It will take a lot more than bombing

:19:36.:19:49.

a training camp. It will take rebuilding the state,

:19:50.:20:00.

strengthening the authorities and making sure that training camps

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like this cannot exist. But this is the reality

:20:06.:20:07.

in much of Libya now. A country awash with arms,

:20:08.:20:10.

competing militias, no rule of law and no functioning

:20:11.:20:11.

central government. Libya is fast emerging

:20:12.:20:13.

as Islamic State's second The race for the White House

:20:14.:20:24.

continues with the third test of the 2016 nomination tomorrow. Bernie

:20:25.:20:29.

Sanders and Hillary Clinton, the Democratic contenders, will batten

:20:30.:20:38.

-- battle it out in Nevada. In South Carolina the Republican battle is

:20:39.:20:45.

taking place. What have people been telling you there? If Hewlett at the

:20:46.:20:52.

polls it seems that Donald Trump is set for another big victory. -- if

:20:53.:20:59.

you look at. He is way ahead in all of the polls and it would be

:21:00.:21:03.

surprising if he didn't pick up a big vote in South Carolina. He is

:21:04.:21:08.

sounding very confident and a lot of people here seem to -- clearly

:21:09.:21:13.

really love him. But I spoke to a lot of Republican voters who have

:21:14.:21:17.

been lifelong Republicans who don't like Mr Trump and it is one of the

:21:18.:21:22.

interesting phenomena of this election, amidst all of the

:21:23.:21:27.

extraordinary things going on, how divisive he is. People either really

:21:28.:21:32.

love him or really hate him. They call it the United States of America

:21:33.:21:38.

but it could almost be the United countries of America. All of the

:21:39.:21:43.

states have very different cultures. Mr Trump says he has done the maths,

:21:44.:21:50.

he can go to the White House, is that overoptimistic? Increasingly I

:21:51.:21:56.

think, no, it isn't. If you compare him to everybody else in this race

:21:57.:22:01.

you have to give him the odds-on favourite of being the Republican

:22:02.:22:05.

nominee for resident of the US and if he wins this boat in South

:22:06.:22:11.

Carolina, a very different state, as he suggested, from Iowa and other

:22:12.:22:18.

largely white states, if he wins the Republican primary on Saturday it

:22:19.:22:22.

suggests he can win states in the south and he can go on and become

:22:23.:22:27.

the Republican nominee and potentially the next US president.

:22:28.:22:39.

Thank you very much for that. More from -- more on that later.

:22:40.:22:45.

Harper Lee has died at the age of 89. She was the author of To Kill A

:22:46.:22:48.

Mockingbird. To Kill A Mockingbird

:22:49.:22:50.

wasn't just a bestseller, On any list of best-loved authors

:22:51.:22:52.

you almost always see the name She did something that

:22:53.:22:56.

in our society is unspeakable. The character Atticus Finch

:22:57.:23:00.

was the moral heart of the story of racism, injustice and childhood

:23:01.:23:14.

and bore many similarities She studied law for a while and then

:23:15.:23:16.

like her character Scout. She studied law for a while and then

:23:17.:23:29.

decided to write. was a life in Monroeville, Alabama,

:23:30.:23:31.

in the turbulent days of the fight It was a town that witnessed

:23:32.:23:35.

the case of Emmett Till, a black man murdered

:23:36.:23:39.

after being accused of being rude We find the defendant guilty as

:23:40.:23:42.

charged. The idea of it all radiates

:23:43.:23:55.

through To Kill A Mockingbird, a book described by Oprah Winfrey

:23:56.:23:58.

as the nation's novel. 50 years on she was still being

:23:59.:24:00.

garlanded with awards. I have my work cut out for me

:24:01.:24:03.

for the next 15 years. She had planned a whole series

:24:04.:24:06.

of novels but her friend Joy Brown said it was hard to deal

:24:07.:24:11.

with the reaction to Mockingbird. I think when it really began

:24:12.:24:21.

to snowball and it really snowballed to the top of the mountain,

:24:22.:24:25.

I wonder if it sneaked up So the arrival of a second book

:24:26.:24:28.

more than 50 years later The manuscript to Go Set A Watchman

:24:29.:24:45.

had been locked away for years. It was an instant bestseller but it

:24:46.:24:50.

wasn't To Kill A Mockingbird. A million copies a year

:24:51.:24:55.

are still sold, generation after generation has been moved

:24:56.:25:00.

by Harper Lee's story of justice, decency and standing

:25:01.:25:02.

up for what is right. She really didn't need

:25:03.:25:04.

to write another word. Hardly, who has died. Let's bring

:25:05.:25:16.

you some new pictures from Brussels and a reminder of our main news. A

:25:17.:25:25.

senior European source has told the BBC they now have what is hoped will

:25:26.:25:32.

be a final text of the deal. All of the coder sills have been removed

:25:33.:25:44.

and the dry up -- the draft is now being examined. We have just heard

:25:45.:25:51.

from a spokesman that the deal has still not been agreed and -- has not

:25:52.:25:58.

been agreed and is still being looked at. That is from a spokesman

:25:59.:26:09.

for Donald tsk. -- Donald Tusk. I want to start off with some

:26:10.:26:15.

extraordinary and potentially fatal weather

:26:16.:26:17.

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