19/02/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC News, I'm Christian Fraser live at the European Union


summit in Brussels. I will be looking at what David Cameron has


set out to achieve in this negotiation and what he might get.


European leader years have been arriving for what has been billed as


another late-night session with written's future in the European


Union at stake. US warplanes target so-called


Islamic State militants in Libya. We are on the road in South


Carolina, evangelical Christian country, on bees of another -- on


the EU have of another Republican presidential primary. -- on the eve.


After all of the bilateral meetings and negotiations that have gone on


over 36 hours at this summit the 26 leaders have met for a working


dinner, they will be there for two or three hours, and we hear from our


European correspondent that there is another text in front of him. They


will look at that, I believe there are some hurdles to overcome, but a


lot of optimism that a deal can be done. Words from some European


leaders that they are not going to let David Cameron leave Brussels


without a deal in his hands so clearly still concerned that Britain


might vote to leave the European Union. They are trying to give David


Cameron as credible deal as they can offer him so they can go back -- he


can go back to Downing Street and he can meet with his government and


fired the starting gun for the referendum campaign. It has been a


hard day for David Cameron, meeting a lot of European leaders, so let's


get a full round-up from Katya Adler.


Out of the car and into the hornet's nest that he stirred up yesterday.


I was here until five o'clock this morning working through this


and we've made some progress but still no deal and as I said


I will only do a deal if we get what Britain needs so we will do


some more work in there and I will do everything I can.


Instead of hailing an EU deal this morning, the Prime Minister found


himself in a grinding new whirl of talks.


He said he had told the wife and kids there could be some delay,


a case of laughing on the outside, not so happy on the in.


He had promised to battle for Britain but the truth


is, after so many weeks and months of shuttle diplomacy,


travelling, meeting, selling his reform deal to European


leaders, he didn't expect such strong pushback on so many issues


from so many countries around the table here.


TRANSLATION: The proposal currently on the table does not


Digging his heels in, the Hungarian Prime Minister along


with other central and eastern Europeans is toughing it out over


The French President has remained tight-lipped about protections for


Belgium and others opposed treaty change to exclude Britain from ever


closer union and then there is the Greek Prime Minister,


who hijacked this oh so public opportunity to do


He said, "Help me with migrant arrivals and I won't stand


There is a will here to get this done so 28 world leaders can get


We keep hearing about big gaps between the countries on big issues,


they have been going on for months, so how can they suddenly be


I do believe that every country pursues their national interest


and this is logical but we all have to understand that if Great Britain


There is an element of smoke and mirrors here.


All parties feel the need to be seen to stand their ground,


that is why proceedings are taking so long.


It is becoming clear that it is not only the British Prime Minister


One of the greatest stumbling blocks in these negotiations over the past


day has been trying to find agreement with East European


countries about the benefit payments that David Cameron wants to reform


for migrants already living in the UK. He wants to freeze for four


years, or this is where he set out from, in work payments paid to


migrants, top ups paid by the state onto their salary. He wanted to


reform child benefit by linking benefits sent overseas to Poland or


Slovakia, linking that to the standard of living in those


countries, and that has proved quite a tough one to get past the Eastern


European countries. He is under pressure not to water down the


position from where he started and tonight we got quite an interesting


tweet from the foreign affairs representative for the cheque


government. -- Czech government. Earlier I asked


him what he made of the talks. It has been two tough days and nights,


we finished this morning about five and we were back at ten. If there is


no deal we are crazy but I also believe that we managed to find good


compromises. Will the talks be a rubber stamping exercise or are


there still talks to be had? We had about 20 or 25 meetings during the


day so we managed to have all of the details. In about 20 minutes it will


be the first time we have the whole text again so we will read through


it, making sure nothing slipped, but if things are done properly in the


text in the discussion could be over in an hour or two. In one of your


tweets today you said, as time passes I am more and more Plextor by


the British approach of non-negotiation, quite to say the


route least. -- -- per Plextor. Everybody has set out his ground,


that is what we would expect yesterday afternoon. What was


strange was that during the day we heard the same position from the UK


again and again. Refusing to bend? Refusing to bend when everybody else


was trying to find compromises. He was tougher than expected. Everybody


believed he would try to find compromises but in the end he let


the others do the compromise, which was probably clever negotiation, but


it also led to some of these distractions, let's say. We


understand Mr Cameron is demanding 30 years for the emergency brake,


what figure have you come to? For us there are two possible point of


arrival, one of them is five years, because if you live somewhere the


six years you acquire residence. The maximum was seven years, because


that is how long you can limit new workers from new countries joining


the European Union. It is something already in European legislation and


it is reasonable enough. The Czech foreign affairs Minister.


We should put some context on Bobby emergency brake is. Chris Morris, is


minor -- our Europe Minister, we know David Cameron wanted to limit


benefit payments to each migrant in Britain for a period of four years.


How did we come to seven and 13? The four year period is still there,


payments would be phased in over a four year period. The other one is


how long will it have the ability to pull the emergency brake? David


Cameron said 13 years, the Eastern European leaders said five years.


Most people knew it would end up as seven. If Britain votes yes to stay


in the European Union, over a period over the next seven years the UK


have the ability to restrict in work welfare payment to migrant workers


for up to four years. The Czech European Minister seemed happy with


seven years. Is this just a rubber stamping exercise? Probably, but I


have been in these meetings before when somebody says, wait a minute, I


haven't seen this particular detail before. We know that in the final


draft pieces of contentious text have been removed, so solutions have


been suggested after this day of bilateral agreements. If everybody


has agreed then we need to see the text to see what has been approved.


Take a step back and whatever is in this text it will not be what a


number of Britain will vote on in a referendum on European Union


membership, they will vote on rig themes, what it means for them and


their family in the future. -- rig themes. -- gear. The Czech European


Minister said there could be the issue of migration. Mr Tsipras said,


if we are having solidarity for northern Europe, we should have


solidarity for southern Europe, I might not agree to this unless I get


what I want on migration. There is a period when legislation would have


to be implemented to bring part of this proposed agreement into affect.


There is always the danger that somebody could pull the plug, the


European Parliament could refuse to vote for this. I suspect eventually


it will get put in place again, if Britain says yes, because if Britain


leaves the EU all votes are -- rural bets are off. Many people are saying


don't expect to say no and then come back and say can we negotiate a bit


more, it is one shot. No doubt there was exasperation on the part of Mr


Tsipras, talking about benefits in the UK, which he would probably


consider a peripheral issue when he is dealing with the debt crisis and


the migrant crisis, and he is not the only European leader who feels


that way. James Langdale has been looking at what each European leader


wants from the negotiation and why it is so difficult to come to


agreement. From the moment it joined


the European Community more than 40 years ago, Britain has had


a troubled relationship with Prime Minister


after Prime Minister ending up in conflict


with their European counterparts. David Cameron hopes his reforms


will reset that relationship for good, with what he


calls a new settlement. Above all the Prime Minister hopes


to deter migrants coming here from the EU by limiting


the benefits they can And those they send


home to their children. The deal will see migrants


having their tax credits phased in over four years,


and their child benefit reflecting the cost of living


in their own countries. Critics say this just


won't make a difference. What is being offered are some


modest changes on benefit reform which will be subject


to change, could possibly What it is is a missed


opportunity to go for a really The Prime Minister is


also looking to protect the City of London from financial


decisions made by eurozone countries as they begin to integrate


their economies more closely. The deal does include


new safeguards to ensure financial markets


outside the eurozone But there's uncertainty over


who decides when these Mr Cameron wants the House


of Commons to have greater powers to club together with other


European parliaments EU governments will have to think


again if more than half of EU I hope the Prime Minister will bring


back substantial reforms, the fact that these


negotiations are taking time I believe if he can


that Britain will But we will have


to await the outcome. Above all the Prime Minister wants


some of these reforms to be written into the EU's treaties and made


more legally binding. In particular he wants his plan


to opt Britain out of more political integration to be written into EU


law, something many countries Even though there is still no deal


tonight, campaigning has already begun for the referendum


that is to follow. Three years ago David Cameron


promised fundamental The question now is whether he


has met that promise. James Landale, BBC


News, Westminster. To sum up, the 28 leaders finally


back in the room negotiating a second draft text. We think they are


edging towards a deal, that is the feel from some of the messages


coming from political advisers. It has been a long day, from what was


supposed to be working British breakfast to a British lunch to a


belated British dinner and some leaders just couldn't wait. Angela


Merkel, the German Chancellor, so often the power broker these


summits, broke cover and was spotted by a photographer in a local chip


shop buying some chips, and who can blame her, she will definitely need


the stamina this evening. Stay with us here on BBC News. We


will have all of the latest developments of the day coming up,


including the tributes being paid to the celebrated American author of To


Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee, who has died.


Nine years and 15 days after going into Afghanistan, the last troops


coming home, but the army defeated in the task it was sent to perform.


This will have repercussions in the streets. One wonders who is next.


As the airlift got under way there was no letup in the eruption. Lava


streams flowed down to the sea on the east of the island, away from


the town for the time being but it could start flowing at any time. The


Russians heralded their new generation space station with a


night launch. They called it Mir, the Russian for peace.


You are watching BBC World News Today, let's bring you up-to-date


with the latest headlines. David Cameron and other leaders head back


into talks after a day of delays. Lots of questions being asked about


what hope there is on an agreement for Britain's future membership.


US warplanes target so-called IES militants in Libya, hoping to target


the men responsible for the terrorist attacks in Tunisia were


more than 40 people were killed. A senior figure of Islamic State


thought to be responsible for those attacks is believed to have been


killed by American air strikes in Libya. US officials said it was


likely the strikes had killed the extremist. 30 Britons were killed in


that beach attack. More now from Frank Gardner.


Flattened by a US air strike early this morning.


This is all that remained of what Washington says


was an Islamic State training camp in Libya.


US Air Force warplanes carried out the raid,


flying from RAF Lakenheath in Suffolk.


Armand Traor 's were also used. -- unmanned drones.


Britain's Defence Secretary personally


Their main target was a Tunisian jihadist,


He has been linked to two terror attacks


including one in Sousse which killed 38 tourists.


We took this action against Sabir after hearing that he and others


This morning's Libya attack was the most significant


It took place here at Sabratha in a camp to the far west


We are told most of those killed were North African recruits to


Islamic State. One of those is said to have played


a major role in the terror attacks Yet IS's main strength


is concentrated around Sirte Recruits continue to flow


in from Africa and the Middle East. It will take a lot more than bombing


a training camp. It will take rebuilding the state,


strengthening the authorities and making sure that training camps


like this cannot exist. But this is the reality


in much of Libya now. A country awash with arms,


competing militias, no rule of law and no functioning


central government. Libya is fast emerging


as Islamic State's second The race for the White House


continues with the third test of the 2016 nomination tomorrow. Bernie


Sanders and Hillary Clinton, the Democratic contenders, will batten


-- battle it out in Nevada. In South Carolina the Republican battle is


taking place. What have people been telling you there? If Hewlett at the


polls it seems that Donald Trump is set for another big victory. -- if


you look at. He is way ahead in all of the polls and it would be


surprising if he didn't pick up a big vote in South Carolina. He is


sounding very confident and a lot of people here seem to -- clearly


really love him. But I spoke to a lot of Republican voters who have


been lifelong Republicans who don't like Mr Trump and it is one of the


interesting phenomena of this election, amidst all of the


extraordinary things going on, how divisive he is. People either really


love him or really hate him. They call it the United States of America


but it could almost be the United countries of America. All of the


states have very different cultures. Mr Trump says he has done the maths,


he can go to the White House, is that overoptimistic? Increasingly I


think, no, it isn't. If you compare him to everybody else in this race


you have to give him the odds-on favourite of being the Republican


nominee for resident of the US and if he wins this boat in South


Carolina, a very different state, as he suggested, from Iowa and other


largely white states, if he wins the Republican primary on Saturday it


suggests he can win states in the south and he can go on and become


the Republican nominee and potentially the next US president.


Thank you very much for that. More from -- more on that later.


Harper Lee has died at the age of 89. She was the author of To Kill A


Mockingbird. To Kill A Mockingbird


wasn't just a bestseller, On any list of best-loved authors


you almost always see the name She did something that


in our society is unspeakable. The character Atticus Finch


was the moral heart of the story of racism, injustice and childhood


and bore many similarities She studied law for a while and then


like her character Scout. She studied law for a while and then


decided to write. was a life in Monroeville, Alabama,


in the turbulent days of the fight It was a town that witnessed


the case of Emmett Till, a black man murdered


after being accused of being rude We find the defendant guilty as


charged. The idea of it all radiates


through To Kill A Mockingbird, a book described by Oprah Winfrey


as the nation's novel. 50 years on she was still being


garlanded with awards. I have my work cut out for me


for the next 15 years. She had planned a whole series


of novels but her friend Joy Brown said it was hard to deal


with the reaction to Mockingbird. I think when it really began


to snowball and it really snowballed to the top of the mountain,


I wonder if it sneaked up So the arrival of a second book


more than 50 years later The manuscript to Go Set A Watchman


had been locked away for years. It was an instant bestseller but it


wasn't To Kill A Mockingbird. A million copies a year


are still sold, generation after generation has been moved


by Harper Lee's story of justice, decency and standing


up for what is right. She really didn't need


to write another word. Hardly, who has died. Let's bring


you some new pictures from Brussels and a reminder of our main news. A


senior European source has told the BBC they now have what is hoped will


be a final text of the deal. All of the coder sills have been removed


and the dry up -- the draft is now being examined. We have just heard


from a spokesman that the deal has still not been agreed and -- has not


been agreed and is still being looked at. That is from a spokesman


for Donald tsk. -- Donald Tusk. I want to start off with some


extraordinary and potentially fatal weather


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