22/02/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Karin Giannone.


The United States and Russia come to an agreement on the war in Syria.


A temporary cessation to hostilities will come into affect


British Prime Minister David Cameron has been explaining to parliament


I believe the choice is between being an even greater


Britain inside a reformed EU or a great leap into the unknown.


Ten million people are without water in Delhi,


after protesters damaged a canal supplying much of the capital.


And Ukraine makes a surprise choice for its representative


Russia and the United States have agreed the terms of a temporary


cessation of hostilities in Syria, which is now due to come into force


President Putin says that the agreement is a real step to stop the


bloodshed. The plan - which is deliberately not


being described as a ceasefire - was agreed in Munich


earlier this month. But Russia and the US have been


quibbling over terms of the agreement


including the start date. The truce does not include attacks


on the so-called Islamic State group The White House spokesman Josh


Ernest had this to say a while ago. Everyone can see what has been


committed to. It is time for the signatories to step up and for the


bloodshed to come to an end. I would be quite surprised if this is... If


there aren't some bumps along the road as we try to implement this


agreement. There will be obstacles. There will likely be setbacks but


this is a moment of opportunity and we are hopeful that all of the


parties will capitalise on that. After all, the stakes are high.


Our Washington correspondent Barbara Plett-Usher gave me more


I've got the terms here as they are set out.


They seem to have dealt with one of the big sticking points,


which is who qualifies to take part in the


Any group aside from Islamic state and the al-Nusra front


who signs up to the terms will be accepted.


They have to accept a UN facilitated political process,


cease all attacks with weapons, refrain


from trying to acquire territory, allow full humanitarian access


to their areas and use proportionate force in self defence.


Those groups have until midnight on Friday to indicate to the UN


and Russia and the United States that


The Syrian army, the forces are going to be held to the same


terms and the Russians are stated as being the ones who will seek


So there is something on paper, steps to follow


through and there is a target date, the cessation of hostilities


is supposed to come into effect at midnight on Saturday.


Do we understand why there is this reluctance to call it a ceasefire?


I think the attempts to stop the violence in Syria have been


so unsuccessful that they want to make


sure that they keep the bar low in terms


I think what they want to highlight is


they have specifics on how this is going to work.


One of the big problems in Munich after they agreed


on the cessation of hostilities is that the Russians


would continue with the Syrian army bombing Aleppo and trying to take


territory to the north, to the Turkish border.


The cessation of hostilities wasn't going anywhere.


Now it looks like there are mechanisms to deal with that.


For example, the Russians and Americans


in this statement say that they are going to have a communications


hotline set up so that they can distinguish parties who are being


There is some sort of tribunal or task force to complain


to and also that they're going to set out the territory


which is excluded from the cessation of


The Islamic state territory so that they know which


I'm joined by my colleague from BBC Arabic. How meaningful is this? The


superpowers are involved in this and one of them is involved directly in


the fighting. The pro-Assad forces on the ground will face any


difficulties achieving advances on the ground. The main issue is the


al-Nusra front, that is close to the Al-Qaeda ideology, it is still


considered as a terrorist group. This truce has excluded the Islamic


State and the al-Nusra front from the cessation of hostilities. That


means that the Russians can carry on bombing these two groups. So there


has always been disagreement about who these groups are? Other groups


are considered, such as the free Syrian army. The bombing of al-Nusra


front will mean a total collapse of the truce. So there is a risk of


business as usual on the ground. There is an opposition meeting going


on in Saudi at the moment. Has there been any reaction? We spoke to one


of the leaders taking part and we asked him what he thought of this


announcement? He said that the United States and the Russians have


announced something and are responsible for it but we haven't


reached any decision yet and are still debating it. They don't expect


to reach a decision before tomorrow. The pro-Saudi opposition is meeting


in Riyadh tomorrow and they will meet their decision then. There are


some improvements on the ground. Thereafter some humanitarian


gestures that were welcomed by the opposition as a strong and solid


basis for diplomatic efforts that may take place in the future within


this Geneva talks. People have been watching what is happening in Syria


with despair and will wonder what will change at midnight on Friday.


In the next 48 hours we will hear more positions from the opposition


at least. We will put these questions to all parties who are


involved in the fighting and know what they consider al-Nusra. If each


come with a final answer of how it is going to work on the ground, to


exclude al-Nusra from the cessation of hostilities, how it's going to


work, then it is going to be clearer. They are discussing this at


the moment and we will know more in the next 48 hours. Thank you very


much. The British prime minister has made


an impassioned case for staying in the EU to a packed House


of Commons in Westminister. David Cameron said he believed


the choice was between being an even greater Britain inside a reformed EU


or taking a leap into the dark. The Labour leader dismissed


as "irrelevant" the deal struck by Mr Cameron in Europe


but said Labour is overwhelmingly for remaining within


the European Union. He was in the unusual position


of needing not to persuade MPs on the opposition benches


but many on his own side. So far more than 100


Conservative MPs have said Our Political Editor Laura


Kuenssberg watched the exchanges. Wherever he goes,


chaos often follows. Boris Johnson revealed he wants to


leave the European Union yesterday. Although the Prime Minister


had tried to persuade him to join his side


and campaign to stay. Is his decision


about Britain's future? Are you losing the


argument over the EU? It was David Cameron's job


to set out the case to stay. And a test of how many of his own


MPs back what he claims will be We are a great country


and whatever choice we make, I believe the choice


is between being an even greater Britain inside a reformed EU,


or a great leap into the unknown. The Prime Minister seemed just


as passionate about needling Boris Johnson, suspecting


the London Mayor's decision is about ambition to take


the Prime Minister's job. I have no other agenda


than what is best for our country. I am standing here


telling you what I think. My responsibility as Prime Minister


is to speak plainly about what I believe


is right for our country and that is what I will do


for the next four months. The referendum is not just about two


men, allegedly friends, May I ask my right honourable


friend, the Prime Minister, to explain to the House


and to the country in exactly what way this deal return


sovereignty over any field of lawmaking to these


Houses of Parliament? Seven ministers who sit


at the Cabinet table are at odds Only one of them put himself


in the front line today. But Tory backbenchers are split


and would not shy of speaking out. For so much labour he has achieved


so little that the European Union The security of Europe is dependent


on Nato and not the EU. Those who advocate a no vote do not


seem to know what a no vote means. Those who want to leave Europe


are unable to agree on the terms Number 10 is not just trying to keep


us in the EU but to keep This is the back entrance


to Downing Street. On Saturday when the Cabinet met


Eurosceptic ministers did not leave through the front door


but snuck out instead. Now Tory divisions are


in the wide open now. David Cameron hopes


it can stay polite. Some of David Cameron's loudest


cheers came from the Labour side. They will criticise him,


but support staying in the EU. Labour believes the EU is a vital


framework for European trade A vote to remain is in the interests


of people not only on what the EU delivers today but as a framework


through which we can achieve more I want Scotland and the rest


of the UK to remain However, if we are forced out,


I am certain the public in Scotland will demand a referendum


on Scottish independence and we will protect


our place in Europe. And the importance of this debate


brought out old faces. Does he believe we have more


influence in the EU or outside? Surely the answer is more


influence inside the EU. This referendum is about the future


of our country, not the future The six of us who stand here today


are committed to campaigning They seem to shy to speak


in the Commons today but you will hear plenty from these


ministers who want to defy Their voices will influence


the campaign for and against the EU, but it is yours that


will really count. Britain would be more vulnerable


to terror attacks and counter terrorism would be harder if the UK


leaves the European Union. That's the warning today


from director of Europe's But many campaigning for an exit say


it's "laughable" to suggest Europe Our security correspondent


Frank Gardner takes a closer look. Britain is a top


target for terrorists. But in recent years it has stopped


a large number of attacks on plots A key question now is whether that


would change of Britain left the EU. Britain's border already differs


from its neighbours. That is partly because we are


an island and partly because we do not belong to


Europe's Schengen borderless zone. That it means it's harder if not


impossible to smuggle guns We do not have an open border


with the EU, we are out You have to have a passport or visa


to get into Britain and you have to be checked


when you come into Britain. We do not have a right to stop


people entering from other countries within the EU and if we to control


numbers coming in it is difficult to do that unless we take


back control of borders. The Paris attacks were a shocking


reminder of what could happen here. So-called Islamic State already has


sympathisers in this country. European intelligence


failed last year. Britain's intelligence


agencies like MI6 behind me, have their closest relationships not


with Europe that the United States. They do share information


and tip-offs with their European partners but tend to do it


bilaterally, on a country by country basis and not through


an EU wide mechanism. In many European countries,


especially Belgium, the intelligence agencies are often reluctant


to share what they know The head of Europol insists European


intelligence helps Britain. UK gets considerable


benefit every day. Thousands of cases I see


at Europol every year, British police are given operational


benefits and to target criminals and terrorists seeking


to penetrate the UK. With diplomacy, the EU plays a big


role in collective security. It has imposed sanctions


on the resurgent Russia. But some say leave deterrence


to Nato and not the EU. Remember Nato brings in the US


and Canada and crucially in Europe, Norway and Turkey, not members


of the European Union. The Nato population is 900


hundred million, compared There are arguments on both sides


but the truth is Britain's existing security arrangements are likely


to remain unchanged if we stay Ten million people in the Indian


capital Delhi are now without water, Protesters demanding job guarantees


have sabotaged a key supply canal. The army has taken control


of the waterway. But it will still take several days


before the supply is fully restored because the canal


needs to be repaired. For 10 million people in Delhi,


this is how they now More than half of the population


of Delhi now has no They depend on bottled water


and the supply of water It is an extraordinary situation


for any capital city to be in, and certainly a city


on the scale of Delhi. And it has been caused by a battle


over caste privilege. These people are part


of an upper caste group. They have taken to the streets


to demand it be reclassified as lower caste - that way


they will get automatic rights The protestors badly damaged this


canal, which supplies more than half The military has now taken control,


but repairs are needed before That means millions in Delhi


will have to continue to get There is no water.


We are having no water. Myself, my two sons,


my daughter-in-law, my grandson. The head of Delhi's water board told


the BBC today it will take three or maybe four days before


a supply is fully restored. Like millions in the city,


Mr Kumar's taps are likely to be A man who worked as an Uber taxi


driver has been charged with six counts of murder


after six people were shot dead in the town of Kalamazoo in the US


state of Michigan on Saturday. Jason Dalton, who's 45,


also faces ten other charges, among them eight felony


firearms violations. In Bolivia, President Evo Morales


says he'll respect the result of a referendum on whether he can


stand for a fourth term in office. He told journalists


he was optimistic, but would wait But, with more than 70%


of the votes counted, those opposed to the move


are leading by a ten-percent margin. First elected in 2006,


Mr Morales is Bolivia's first It's been home to around five


thousand migrants for the best part of a year, but the French


authorities have confirmed that the southern section


of the migrant camp in Calais known as "the Jungle" will start


being cleared this week. Most of those who live there have


come from the Middle East and Africa, and they'll have


until Tuesday evening to go This flattened area is land


the state has already reclaimed from the so-called


Jungle migrant camp. The people here are


being told to move out. And so the French Interior Ministry


has sent officials to You have to leave this


part of the Jungle. This Kurdish young man, Abdullah,


is presented with two options - move into a converted shipping


container, or relocate to a migrant On the outskirts of the Jungle,


a small village of containers. Mohammed moved his family of six


here after five months The Jungle, this


is better, thank God. They have travelled


from Afghanistan, and despite many failed attempts, Mohammed


and his family still aim to join The whole camp will


eventually be shut down. The southern half, where


we are now, is to go first. This is the cultural and commercial


heart of the Jungle. People come to stay warm


and socialise in the restaurants Clear this area, it is not just


dwellings, but it is a sense of community that is


going to be lost. The French are hoping to fill buses


like this one with migrants relocating to temporary


shelters across the country. Local authorities say more


than 2500 have already signed This man didn't want


to show his face. He has given up on the idea


of getting to Britain. He has applied for asylum


here in France instead. I tried to go to England


but they closed the border. Now I want to stay here,


because every facility in England... France also give us


facilities for the living. For this woman from Iran this


is a necessary goodbye. The Jungle is as close


as she managed to get Her resolve is unchanged,


though she admits this bus After five months in the uncertainty


of the Jungle, she is on the road again, wanting to be


reunited with her partner, but instead taking another


ride to the unknown. Ukraine has chosen an ethnic Tatar


singer from the annexed region of Crimea to represent it


at the Eurovision Song Contest this Jamala's song, entitled


1944 refers to the year Josef Stalin enforced deportation


of the Tatar people. The singer's great-grandmother


was one of around 240,000 people who were sent to Central Asia


by the dictator who accused them Earlier I spoke to our correspondent


in Kiev, Tom Burridge, about the politics surrounding


the song. This isn't your average Eurovision


entry, it's gone down pretty well. Well enough to win here


as the entry for Ukraine. It won, according


to a popular vote and a panel of judges last night,


so it will, if the Eurovision panel or judges don't disqualify it


for being too political. The rules of Eurovision are that


you can't have a political song. But Jamala has told Eurovision


she doesn't believe it is political, it is a personal story of family


and the tragedy that befell Nevertheless,


it's talking about 1944. One suspects that there is a lot


of allusion to today's situation You can't avoid the fact


that song has added poignancy within the context


of the political crisis Nearly two years ago,


an unrecognised Ukraine maintains that Crimea


is part of its sovereign territory. Of course, Jamala does admit


at least that her father and grandfather, interestingly,


are still in Crimea and she says that they are being


patient and still hope that one day Crimea will be


returned to Ukraine. Returning to our top story. The US


and Russia have announced that a cessation of hostilities should go


into effect at midnight on Friday in Syria. They said that the truce


didn't include so-called Islamic State and the al-Nusra front. They


agreed on the 12th of February that a truce would come into effect and


that has been quibbled over. Finally, the announcement of this


cessation of his stunts tease this coming Saturday. That said. Next,


the weather. From the team, goodbye. Skies are clear and the temperature


is dropping away. There is a


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