23/02/2016 World News Today


23/02/2016

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President Obama tries again to close contact obey.

:00:00.:00:19.

He calls on the US Congress to back a proposal to shut the detention

:00:20.:00:22.

centre that he first put forward more than seven years ago.

:00:23.:00:25.

This plan deserves a fair hearing, even in an election year.

:00:26.:00:27.

We should be able to have an open dialogue on how to ensure

:00:28.:00:30.

A huge increase in the number of migrants desperate to reach

:00:31.:00:34.

Europe - over 100,000 have crossed the Mediterranean this year.

:00:35.:00:37.

There's a massive international recall of chocolate bars

:00:38.:00:39.

after plastic is found in a product made by Mars.

:00:40.:01:04.

President Obama has announced plans to close the Guantanamo Bay

:01:05.:01:06.

He said keeping the facility open was contrary to American values,

:01:07.:01:10.

and undermined the security of the United States.

:01:11.:01:12.

He also said that closing Guantanamo would save a great deal of money.

:01:13.:01:17.

The plan will now go before Congress, where it is likely

:01:18.:01:21.

Let's take a closer look at the history behind

:01:22.:01:59.

It was opened by the Bush administration in 2002.

:02:00.:02:02.

It held around 780 prisoners - men who were termed 'enemy

:02:03.:02:05.

Washington said most had been captured on the battlefield in

:02:06.:02:08.

Several of those prisoners are high-profile, they include

:02:09.:02:12.

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed - the alleged mastermind

:02:13.:02:14.

When he came to office in 2009, President Obama pledged

:02:15.:02:17.

Today's announcement is a final attempt to complete the task.

:02:18.:02:26.

There has been some opposition to closing on Tanner man. Given the

:02:27.:02:36.

stakes involved for our security, this plan deserves a chance --

:02:37.:02:55.

Guantanamo. The fact I am no running, Joe is not running, we are

:02:56.:02:59.

not on the ballots, it gives us the capacity to not have to worry. Let

:03:00.:03:15.

us do what is right for America. Our correspondent is in Washington.

:03:16.:03:22.

There is storage opposition to the plans to close Guantanamo. If you

:03:23.:03:30.

look at the response, it is completely in line with that. The

:03:31.:03:34.

Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan says it is against the law and will

:03:35.:03:39.

stay against the law. Congress has passed legislation said it was

:03:40.:03:42.

illegal to build a prison for these terrorist suspects on US soil. Then

:03:43.:03:48.

the Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said we will look at the

:03:49.:03:52.

plan, but if it involves bringing dangerous territories to the yes, he

:03:53.:04:01.

knows what we think about it. Even people like Senator John McCain have

:04:02.:04:05.

criticised President Obama for what he offered, saying he has missed a

:04:06.:04:09.

chance to convince Congress and the American people that he has a plan.

:04:10.:04:16.

It is Moloch of vague menu of options. The response from the

:04:17.:04:21.

Republican side has not been encouraging, but President Obama was

:04:22.:04:30.

probably expecting that. It was something he promised to do when he

:04:31.:04:35.

was elected and he is making a last stand of final attempt to highlight

:04:36.:04:39.

the importance of it as we see it. Tell us about those still left

:04:40.:04:44.

inside. What is their status. There are 91 prisoners left inside. 35 of

:04:45.:04:54.

them have been designated for transfer with the conclusion that

:04:55.:04:59.

they no longer or don't pose a threat and said the administration

:05:00.:05:02.

is trying to find home countries for them. That bring the number down to

:05:03.:05:07.

less than 60. So the proposal to bring them to the US would mean

:05:08.:05:11.

there would be less than 60 maximum that would come. Of those, 46 of

:05:12.:05:22.

them are being held without indefinite detention. Those cases

:05:23.:05:25.

are coming under periodic reviews, so perhaps more of them could be

:05:26.:05:33.

deemed safe. There are ten of them who are undergoing legal processes

:05:34.:05:38.

through military commissions. That is the breakdown so far. Thank you.

:05:39.:05:44.

More than 100,000 migrants and refugees have already arrived

:05:45.:05:46.

by sea in Europe this year - that's more than ten times

:05:47.:05:49.

the figure for January and February last year.

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Most of them came ashore on the Greek islands.

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The International Organisation for Migration says they've mainly

:05:54.:05:55.

come from countries affected by conflict -

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From Greece, here's our Correspondent Danny Savage.

:05:58.:06:09.

Crammed onto a rubber boats, singing to keep their spirits up. Their

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first time at sea. No wonder this child looks scared. The Syrians paid

:06:17.:06:25.

$700 for a place on board. It's cheaper than recent times, that is

:06:26.:06:29.

probably why 110,000 people have done this over the last six weeks. A

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short while later the boat started to sink. Luckily for them the Greek

:06:35.:06:37.

coastguard was there to rescue them. Those pictures were filmed by a

:06:38.:06:44.

46-year-old English teacher from northern Syria. He says Russian

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bombing forced him out of his country. Most of our houses are

:06:48.:06:54.

destroyed. They are not down to the ground by means of bombs, rockets,

:06:55.:07:01.

OK? Russian air forces do a strikes every day. He and his children

:07:02.:07:06.

arrived at Greece's newest migrant camp. It has only been open a day

:07:07.:07:11.

and it is already full. Over the last 24 hours Greece has said it is

:07:12.:07:15.

prepared to take 50,000 more migrants although it is debatable

:07:16.:07:19.

about how much say it has on the matter, but it wants to move these

:07:20.:07:23.

people on the migrant trail and further north there are problems. At

:07:24.:07:27.

the border between Greece and Macedonia today a backlog has

:07:28.:07:33.

developed. Syrians and the Iraqis can pass, but Afghans are being

:07:34.:07:37.

stopped. We can't go back to Afghanistan. If we go back, we will

:07:38.:07:42.

be killed. Measures further up the migrant trail to limit numbers

:07:43.:07:45.

passing through Austria are being blamed for this latest arbitrary

:07:46.:07:49.

decision to stop Afghans. The United Nations says it will lead to chaos

:07:50.:07:57.

and confusion along the 1300 mile route. And that is exactly what

:07:58.:08:02.

happened today when Afghans cut through the border fence and stormed

:08:03.:08:05.

into Macedonia. They are determined to keep moving onwards, undeterred

:08:06.:08:12.

by riot police and fences. And now that spring has sprung in

:08:13.:08:15.

south-eastern Europe, the numbers are unlikely to drop off. The new

:08:16.:08:18.

rush of refugees is anticipated. Belgium says it is temporarily

:08:19.:08:22.

reintroducing border controls with France to halt the arrival

:08:23.:08:24.

of migrants from the Calais It's the latest blow to the EU's

:08:25.:08:27.

passport-free travel area. The French authorities are planning

:08:28.:08:30.

to close parts of the migrant camp but many of those living

:08:31.:08:34.

there are reluctant to move The BBC's Tomos Morgan has been

:08:35.:08:37.

spending the day in the camp. The French government had set a

:08:38.:08:50.

deadline of seven o'clock this evening for migrants living in the

:08:51.:08:53.

southern part of the camp to leave their premises. They wanted migrants

:08:54.:09:00.

to either move into the shipping containers or new settlements or to

:09:01.:09:03.

leave the so-called Jungle completely, but a judge has come

:09:04.:09:07.

here this morning and she has not yet made a decision as to whether or

:09:08.:09:13.

not that eviction is in fact legal. She has 48 hours to draw up her

:09:14.:09:21.

report and the security authorities said they will not move in and evict

:09:22.:09:26.

the migrants until the judge has made her ruling. And in a further

:09:27.:09:29.

development, the Belgian authorities have closed the borders because they

:09:30.:09:34.

have already seen a number of migrants tried to cross into Belgium

:09:35.:09:40.

to get to the porter Zeebrugge, and other way migrants can potentially

:09:41.:09:47.

get into Britain. Evidence that this eviction in Calais is causing

:09:48.:09:48.

problems all across the North Coast. The confectionery giant, Mars,

:09:49.:09:51.

is recalling millions of chocolate bars in 55 countries It comes

:09:52.:09:53.

after a customer in Germany found bits of plastic in a

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Snickers bar in January. The plastic was traced back

:09:57.:09:58.

to the Mars factory in the southern With me is our world affairs

:09:59.:10:01.

correspondent Richard Galpin. The danger is that there is plastic

:10:02.:10:22.

in other chocolate and if they eat it, it is a potential choking

:10:23.:10:26.

hazard. Potentially, someone could dine said they have to recall these

:10:27.:10:33.

bars. It could run into tens of millions.

:10:34.:10:39.

And just one factory is thought to be the source of this?

:10:40.:10:43.

Yes and it is massive that treat the South of Holland. It was expanded

:10:44.:10:49.

last summer. They poured about 100 million euros in it to expand

:10:50.:10:54.

production and it is primarily meant for exports abroad to many different

:10:55.:10:57.

countries. If anyone is out there wearing about

:10:58.:11:01.

what they should do with some chocolate in the cupboard, what

:11:02.:11:03.

should they do? The advice would be to see what bars

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they are and if they are the relevant ones, they need to contact

:11:09.:11:18.

the Mars branch in their country. There is information on the website,

:11:19.:11:22.

although earlier today it was impossible to get on it. Presumably

:11:23.:11:28.

given a bit of time it will ease off and you can look at the website to

:11:29.:11:32.

see which brands are affected. Clearly Mars are saying be careful,

:11:33.:11:36.

don't eat these particular brands, they must be recalled.

:11:37.:11:41.

A study by an international team of scientists says that sea levels

:11:42.:11:44.

are rising faster than at any time in the past three thousand years.

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It's the first to cover such long-term, historic levels.

:11:48.:11:50.

The report found a clear link between rising seas

:11:51.:11:52.

Up until the industrial revolution in the 19th century -

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sea levels rose around 3cm to 4cm a century.

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But in the 20th Century sea levels rose by 14 centimetres.

:11:59.:12:00.

Between 1993 and today - the rate climbed to 30 centimetres.

:12:01.:12:08.

Scientists now say if current greenhouse gas emissions

:12:09.:12:10.

Sea levels could increase drastically - by up

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In terms of exposed populations, these are some of the coastal cities

:12:14.:12:18.

scientists regularly highlight as at risk from rising sea levels.

:12:19.:12:21.

The cluster in Asia is of particular concern.

:12:22.:12:27.

Earlier I spoke to Ben Strauss in New York.

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He's vice president for sea level and climate impacts

:12:31.:12:32.

at Climate Central research organisation and was involved

:12:33.:12:34.

We are really just a fierce centimetres into a problem that

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needs to be measured in metres. This is a problem that will affect tens

:12:48.:12:52.

of millions of people and more in the long run. Where precisely are

:12:53.:12:58.

you more worried about? Five out of six people who live on low lying

:12:59.:13:06.

vulnerable coastal land live in Asia. We are talking about China,

:13:07.:13:12.

south-east Asia, India, but frankly if you live on the coast anywhere,

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this is a concern. You have been talking quite dramatically about

:13:18.:13:22.

some of the US cities, Miami, New Orleans. How bad could things get

:13:23.:13:27.

there? What we have seen in Miami and Charleston for example or in

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Maryland are just over the last couple of decades a real spike in

:13:33.:13:39.

the rate of what we call high tide or nuisance floods. Those are

:13:40.:13:43.

increasing more rapidly than sea level itself. They really affect

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people's lives and will do that increasingly. These are witty

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frightening findings. What makes you so sure that's what you say is

:13:53.:14:03.

accurate? Well, the study that has just been completed is really

:14:04.:14:06.

extraordinary in its breadth and rigour and if you look at the

:14:07.:14:10.

pattern over 3000 years, what you see is not so much a hockey stick as

:14:11.:14:16.

a capital letter L. There is an incredible spike in the rise of sea

:14:17.:14:21.

levels in the last century and we really for the first time have

:14:22.:14:26.

quantitatively put a human fingerprints on it. We know that

:14:27.:14:30.

this is from us and we are driving it. I know you have testified on

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Capitol Hill and you have talked about the drawing the map of the

:14:35.:14:38.

United States and other countries, but what people will be wondering is

:14:39.:14:41.

is it too late to do something about it? It is not too late to make a

:14:42.:14:49.

significant difference. We can, by cutting carbon emissions we can slow

:14:50.:14:57.

down the level rises. But we are going to see a continuing rise no

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matter what we do. The trial of a woman accused

:14:59.:15:01.

of abducting a newborn baby nearly 20 years ago, has

:15:02.:15:04.

begun in South Africa. The baby, Zephany Nurse,

:15:05.:15:06.

was allegedly snatched from her mother's bedside

:15:07.:15:07.

in a Cape Town hospital in 1997. She was reunited with her family

:15:08.:15:10.

last year after she befriended a younger girl at school to whom she

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bore a striking resemblance. The BBC's Nomsa Maseko

:15:14.:15:16.

was in the court. The truth about Zephany Nurse's

:15:17.:15:31.

kidnapping might finally be revealed. The trial of the woman

:15:32.:15:36.

accused of snatching her from her mother's bedsides started here in

:15:37.:15:40.

Cape Town. The woman, who cannot be named to protect the identity of the

:15:41.:15:45.

girl, pleaded not guilty to charges of kidnapping, fraud and

:15:46.:15:50.

contravening the children's act. In a key explanation and didn't buy her

:15:51.:15:54.

counsel, she alleges the child was given to her by an unknown woman.

:15:55.:16:00.

She also claims she thought she was adopting an unwanted baby. The

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pre-explanation goes into detail about the accused's difficulty in

:16:05.:16:16.

conceiving a child. The mother of the child took the stand. She said

:16:17.:16:20.

she laid in bed in pain with her baby by her side when a woman

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dressed in a nurses uniform asked to hold a crying child. She then

:16:27.:16:29.

started sobbing how she described to the court how she woke up to find

:16:30.:16:37.

her baby gone. The biological father also testified. He told the court

:16:38.:16:43.

how he conducted his own investigation when his younger

:16:44.:16:49.

daughter alerted him to a go at her school that bore a striking

:16:50.:16:54.

resemblance. We are over the moon. My daughter is back. We are happy.

:16:55.:17:01.

Whilst the family are coming to terms with the return of their

:17:02.:17:05.

daughter, the accused could face up to 15 years behind bars if Brown

:17:06.:17:15.

guilty. It is a child's kidnapping case. You don't even steal another

:17:16.:17:22.

person's puppy, let alone a child. For 18 years you have been enjoying

:17:23.:17:27.

other people's blessings. It is wrong. It is expected the trial will

:17:28.:17:33.

last another two weeks with another nine people to take the stand.

:17:34.:17:37.

Donald Trump's call for a temporary ban on foreign Muslims entering

:17:38.:17:40.

the US may have caused controversy around the world,

:17:41.:17:42.

but it's been popular with many conservative Americans.

:17:43.:17:44.

Exit polls in New Hampshire and South Carolina show a majority

:17:45.:17:47.

of Republican voters support his ban.

:17:48.:17:48.

And Mr Trump's front runner status

:17:49.:17:50.

To talk about this controversial policy the BBC's Rajini Vaidyanathan

:17:51.:17:54.

went for an unlikely brunch with a Donald Trump supporter,

:17:55.:17:59.

a Muslim refugee from Syria and the Alabama pastor who is trying

:18:00.:18:02.

Donald J Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown of

:18:03.:18:16.

Muslims entering the United States. He thinks every Muslim is Isis.

:18:17.:18:25.

Everybody needs to feel safe, at home and abroad. The political realm

:18:26.:18:32.

in which we live right now is poisoned. It is deeply toxic.

:18:33.:18:48.

His statement was not to just eliminate all refugees, he wants to

:18:49.:18:56.

put a port to figure out what is going on. That is basically his

:18:57.:19:00.

words. I don't think he really wants to stop people like these folks. But

:19:01.:19:08.

he wants to for now. That is anyone who is of the Muslim faith. That is

:19:09.:19:13.

very extreme and discriminatory. It is extreme, but there is the radical

:19:14.:19:17.

Muslim who in portraits which could be a problem. I believe that Mr

:19:18.:19:24.

Trump is ignorant of the facts. People who came as a refugee, their

:19:25.:19:28.

history has been checked of their life. They know everything they did.

:19:29.:19:36.

Even asked when we came, we had to give our papers and everything we

:19:37.:19:45.

had. We are about peace. Our Koran does not talk about killing people

:19:46.:19:51.

or being a terrorist. There is a certain segment of your religion

:19:52.:19:56.

that they refer to as radical Islam. Isis, I have heard that name. I have

:19:57.:20:00.

heard Taliban, I have heard all these names that we have been told

:20:01.:20:09.

by the news media here that they are out to harm the West. Statements

:20:10.:20:16.

made on a political framework to a large broad population needs to be

:20:17.:20:19.

weighed very carefully because they have an impact for a long, long

:20:20.:20:27.

time. What he has said, what Donald Trump and other politicians have

:20:28.:20:30.

said and I are saying will never go away. Once those words are released

:20:31.:20:34.

around the world, they have an impact on the soul of every person

:20:35.:20:37.

who hears them. There is always a solution for that and by

:20:38.:20:42.

communicating with American people, I see what they are feeling about

:20:43.:20:49.

me. There is always a solution. That is to be remembered. There is always

:20:50.:20:51.

a solution. Always. Here in the UK a major incident has

:20:52.:20:57.

been declared following an explosion At least one person has died

:20:58.:21:00.

and there are understood to be Daniel Boettcher has the latest

:21:01.:21:04.

on this developing story. These images seem to show a section

:21:05.:21:16.

of this building has collapsed. It is part of Didcot eight, the power

:21:17.:21:20.

station decommissioned in 2013 and is in the process of being

:21:21.:21:25.

demolished. On the ground fire crews and ambulances and emergency

:21:26.:21:28.

services were called mid-afternoon after reports of an explosion. It is

:21:29.:21:33.

still not clear what has happened, but this is being described as a

:21:34.:21:38.

major incident. This video posted on social media shows smoke or dust

:21:39.:21:41.

rising from one side of the building. Eyewitnesses have

:21:42.:21:45.

described hearing a loud bang. I can see the power station from where I

:21:46.:21:51.

am. It is only about 400 yards away. At about four o'clock when I heard

:21:52.:21:55.

the explosion and rumbling, by the time I looked out of the window

:21:56.:22:00.

there was a huge cloud of dust which came to our village. When that had

:22:01.:22:03.

cleared, I noticed that half of the old power station were the

:22:04.:22:08.

generators were, half of that was missing. There are reports that one

:22:09.:22:12.

person has been killed, but that has not been confirmed.

:22:13.:22:16.

Both the Syrian government and the main opposition umbrella

:22:17.:22:18.

group fighting in the country say they have accepted the terms

:22:19.:22:21.

The plan, announced by the US and Russia, calls for a halt

:22:22.:22:25.

to combat operations from midnight on Friday.

:22:26.:22:26.

But both the Syrian government and the opposition have placed

:22:27.:22:29.

And the deal will not apply to the two main jihadist groups

:22:30.:22:33.

in Syria, the Islamic State group, and the rival al-Nusra Front,

:22:34.:22:36.

which will continue to be targeted by airstrikes.

:22:37.:22:49.

The funeral of the celebrated Italian writer Umberto Eco has taken

:22:50.:22:52.

He's best known for his blockbuster novel The Name Of The Rose,

:22:53.:22:58.

which has sold more than 10 million copies and been translated

:22:59.:23:00.

Umberto Eco's final novel will be released on Friday.

:23:01.:23:08.

A zoo here in Britain has announced the birth of a baby gorilla

:23:09.:23:11.

The operation was performed in the city of Bristol

:23:12.:23:15.

after the mother was diagnosed with pre-eclampsia,

:23:16.:23:16.

It's thought to be the first time a newborn gorilla has survived

:23:17.:23:21.

It's among just a handful of such cases worldwide.

:23:22.:23:25.

He's delivered hundreds of babies, but Professor David Cahill has never

:23:26.:23:32.

In his hands, a tiny newborn gorilla.

:23:33.:23:39.

He was called in from a local maternity hospital by Bristol Zoo

:23:40.:23:42.

He was asked to carry out an emergency Cesarean.

:23:43.:23:49.

He says the three-hour operation was remarkably similar to dealing

:23:50.:23:52.

with a human being, although the end result was a little different.

:23:53.:23:57.

Hairier and about two pounds in weight.

:23:58.:24:00.

What was that like, holding a baby gorilla that you've delivered?

:24:01.:24:04.

I mean I've held lots of babies, but this one was quite special

:24:05.:24:11.

because even though it was quite small, it was doing all the things

:24:12.:24:15.

you would expect a gorilla to do like holding on to you,

:24:16.:24:17.

because they're clearly different to babies.

:24:18.:24:19.

It had a very strong grip and he looked at me with those weird

:24:20.:24:22.

Mother and baby are doing well, but there were some nervous moments

:24:23.:24:27.

The baby female, who has not yet been named,

:24:28.:24:32.

11-days-old, she's thriving and being hand-reared by zoo staff.

:24:33.:24:41.

It's feeding very, very well and taking several feeds a day.

:24:42.:24:47.

It's still quite small, but it's out of danger,

:24:48.:24:50.

I think in any sense and it's doing really well.

:24:51.:24:54.

When I held it, it had a nice nappy on so I was safe to hold to for long

:24:55.:24:59.

enough to be introduced to the rest of the family here.

:25:00.:25:06.

When that happens, the zoo say, it will have to be done very

:25:07.:25:09.

For now she is being cared for in private.

:25:10.:25:16.

No visitors, apart from Professor Cahill, of course!

:25:17.:25:30.

President Obama has unveiled plans to close the Guantanamo Bay

:25:31.:25:35.

In a televised announcement, he said keeping the facility open

:25:36.:25:40.

was contrary to American values, and undermined the security

:25:41.:25:43.

of the United States and its standing in the world.

:25:44.:25:48.

You can get in touch with me and some of the team via Twitter -

:25:49.:26:16.

Good evening. If you thought this morning was called,

:26:17.:26:18.

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