16/03/2016 World News Today


16/03/2016

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The headlines: A political showdown for Barack Obama

:00:10.:00:12.

He's nominated a moderate judge, Merrick Garland, to fill the vacant

:00:13.:00:17.

But the Republicans say they'll block him.

:00:18.:00:26.

He is the right man for the job. He deserves to be confirmed.

:00:27.:00:32.

Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump bolster their positions as the US

:00:33.:00:35.

presidential frontrunners, winning key US primary votes.

:00:36.:00:38.

European naval forces say there's been a sudden increase in the number

:00:39.:00:41.

of migrants trying to reach the EU on flimsy boats from Libya to Italy.

:00:42.:00:51.

Get the roles Royce. We are going for a little dry.

:00:52.:00:55.

Sylvia Anderson, the co-creator of the children's adventure series

:00:56.:00:57.

Thunderbirds, who gave voice to one of its most famous characters

:00:58.:00:59.

President Obama has announced his choice for the next

:01:00.:01:16.

He's nominated a judge from the centre of the political

:01:17.:01:22.

This is despite calls from Republicans to leave

:01:23.:01:26.

the nomination to the next president,

:01:27.:01:28.

The announcement came just hours after Donald Trump

:01:29.:01:38.

He challenged Republicans to drop their refusal to even consider his

:01:39.:01:41.

choice. At a time when our politics

:01:42.:01:43.

are so polarised, at a time when norms and customs of political

:01:44.:01:46.

rhetoric and courtesy and comedy are so often treated

:01:47.:01:49.

like they are disposable, this is precisely the time

:01:50.:01:50.

when we should play it straight and treat the process of appointing

:01:51.:01:53.

a Supreme Court Justice with the seriousness

:01:54.:01:58.

and care it deserves. Well, that announcement

:01:59.:02:06.

from President Obama came just hours after another big night in the run

:02:07.:02:08.

up to the presidential election. Fve big states chose their preferred

:02:09.:02:11.

candidate for November. The two frontrunners -

:02:12.:02:13.

Donald Trump for the Republicans and Hillary Clinton

:02:14.:02:16.

for the Democrats - Our North America editor Jon Sopel

:02:17.:02:17.

reports now from Florida. He's young, articulate,

:02:18.:02:22.

telegenic and Hispanic. But Senator Marco Rubio

:02:23.:02:25.

is also a loser. Last night the great

:02:26.:02:29.

hope of the Republican establishment was crushed

:02:30.:02:33.

in his home state of Florida While it's not God's

:02:34.:02:35.

plan that I be president and while today my

:02:36.:02:39.

campaign is suspended... ..the fact that I've even come this

:02:40.:02:45.

far is evidence of how special Donald Trump made

:02:46.:02:52.

impressive gains last night, winning nearly all the races

:02:53.:02:54.

he fought and is now even further And he's achieved it

:02:55.:02:58.

by bringing in new We have a great opportunity

:02:59.:03:04.

and the people that are voting, Democrats are coming

:03:05.:03:10.

in, Independents are coming in and very importantly,

:03:11.:03:12.

people that never voted before. Donald Trump has had an emphatic

:03:13.:03:15.

victory here in Florida. But perhaps the most striking thing

:03:16.:03:22.

about tonight is what has happened It was to this man, the state

:03:23.:03:28.

governor John Kasich, a moderate Republican who has now

:03:29.:03:36.

vowed to carry on his fight We are going to go all

:03:37.:03:39.

the way to Cleveland and secure the Republican

:03:40.:03:42.

nomination. But the path is strewn

:03:43.:03:46.

with more than confetti. John Kasich staying in the race

:03:47.:03:48.

means the anti-Trump vote is now split between him

:03:49.:03:52.

and Senator Ted Cruz. On the Democratic side,

:03:53.:03:57.

things couldn't be Last night she won

:03:58.:03:58.

all the contests that had been declared, leaving her rival

:03:59.:04:03.

lagging a long way behind. John told me a short while ago that

:04:04.:04:17.

the picture in the race was becoming clearer. I think things have become

:04:18.:04:23.

a lot clearer on the Democratic side. It is hard to see how Senator

:04:24.:04:29.

Bernie Sanders is going to overtake Hillary Clinton. I think there will

:04:30.:04:33.

still be a week ago and more contests, but I think effectively

:04:34.:04:37.

the Clinton camp can feel some relief. -- there will still be a way

:04:38.:04:44.

to go. On the Republican side, much more complex. What looks like will

:04:45.:04:48.

happen is Donald Trump will get to the convention way ahead of all his

:04:49.:04:53.

rivals, but without the critical majority that he needs. That raises

:04:54.:04:58.

the question, would the Republican establishment they try to mount a

:04:59.:05:01.

coup against him even though he is out in front? -- would they dare?

:05:02.:05:09.

Donald Trump has said if they try to do that there would be riots in the

:05:10.:05:13.

streets. You have got a clash between the mathematics and the

:05:14.:05:17.

politics. Mathematically it would be possible to stop Donald Trump,

:05:18.:05:22.

politically, less so. How much hope are those who don't debate Donald

:05:23.:05:26.

Trump taking from that win in all I will? -- who don't want Donald Trump

:05:27.:05:38.

taking from that win in Ohio? It is accommodated and high-risk manoeuvre

:05:39.:05:41.

to say we will stitch this up at the convention. -- a complicated

:05:42.:05:49.

manoeuvre. What it is saying is we will go into a smoke-filled room, do

:05:50.:05:54.

some deals and then decide. It would be seen as very anti-democratic.

:05:55.:05:57.

That is why you still have to bet that Donald Trump will be the

:05:58.:06:00.

Republican nominee for the presidency. President Obama 's

:06:01.:06:07.

announcement of his choice for the next Supreme Court Justice. This is

:06:08.:06:13.

the perfect consensus candidate, what is the problem no? There is no

:06:14.:06:20.

such thing as a perfect inventors in US politics, particularly in an

:06:21.:06:26.

election year. -- no such thing as a perfect consensus. Everything is

:06:27.:06:30.

hotly disputed, and so it will be already Supreme Court pick that

:06:31.:06:34.

Obama announced today. I don't see how this can make a lot of progress

:06:35.:06:38.

when you have Congress in control of the Republicans who believe, and

:06:39.:06:50.

they ... Wait until the election is over and then review it, they say.

:06:51.:06:56.

It is the President's constitutional duty to bring forward the name, but

:06:57.:07:00.

it has to be approved by Congress, and Congress looks like it is going

:07:01.:07:01.

to block it. Now a look at some of

:07:02.:07:04.

the days other news. Former Brazilian president

:07:05.:07:06.

Luis Inancia Lula da Silva has agreed to take a cabinet post

:07:07.:07:09.

in the Government Prosecutors have decided to charge

:07:10.:07:11.

Lula in connection with a huge corruption scandal centred

:07:12.:07:15.

on the state oil company Petrogras. By joining the cabinet,

:07:16.:07:17.

he will escape the jurisdiction The United States has accused

:07:18.:07:19.

North Korea of using American citizens as pawns to pursue

:07:20.:07:23.

a political agenda. The White House statement came

:07:24.:07:29.

after North Korea sentenced a US student, Otto Warmbier,

:07:30.:07:31.

to fifteen years of hard labour An alliance of Kurdish,

:07:32.:07:34.

Christian and Arab groups say they are planning to declare

:07:35.:07:41.

a federal system of self-administration

:07:42.:07:43.

in northern Syria. They said the areas would represent

:07:44.:07:45.

all ethnic groups living The move comes as representatives

:07:46.:07:49.

from the Syrian Government and rebels hold a third day of peace

:07:50.:07:53.

talks in Geneva. The EU naval force targeting migrant

:07:54.:07:57.

smuggling gangs in the Mediterranean says there's been a sudden increase

:07:58.:08:00.

in the number of boats trying Navy chiefs say they expect those

:08:01.:08:02.

numbers to continue to rise sharply in the days to come

:08:03.:08:08.

because of improved weather conditions and as a direct result

:08:09.:08:10.

of the Greek-Macedonian Our Europe ereporter Gavin Lee

:08:11.:08:12.

has spent the past few days on the European ships looking at how

:08:13.:08:18.

the operation is working. The daily routine in the battle

:08:19.:08:21.

against migrant smugglers. This is the Nave Cavour,

:08:22.:08:29.

an Italian aircraft carrier commanding a fleet of five EU

:08:30.:08:36.

warships in international waters Every day helicopter search

:08:37.:08:38.

the skies, reporting signs The ships have a mandate to seize

:08:39.:08:43.

and destroy empty migrant boats. But the presence of these patrols

:08:44.:08:50.

has turned the operation into a huge We received information

:08:51.:08:53.

from a patrol aircraft that around three migrant boats at sea,

:08:54.:09:02.

just outside the territory Within minutes of the boats

:09:03.:09:05.

being spotted, we joined the emergency response

:09:06.:09:09.

team searching for them. The smuggling business

:09:10.:09:12.

has become routine now. A clear sky and a calm sea mean

:09:13.:09:16.

the perfect conditions We are 40 nautical miles

:09:17.:09:20.

from the Libyan coast, and this is the daily reality

:09:21.:09:24.

for the patrol teams in the sea. Down below, there is a migrant boat

:09:25.:09:27.

with around 100 people on board that has just been rescued by the British

:09:28.:09:32.

ship HMS enterprise. There are people now being

:09:33.:09:38.

processed on the ship. You can see quite clearly them

:09:39.:09:40.

climbing the ladder as they are being rescued,

:09:41.:09:42.

but I am told there are still another four migrant boats

:09:43.:09:45.

still waiting to be rescued. We flew a few miles from the British

:09:46.:09:50.

ship and spotted this. A boat full of people desperate

:09:51.:10:00.

for help, with no life jackets, children crouched at the front,

:10:01.:10:03.

floating in this vast sea. Within an hour, rescue teams

:10:04.:10:10.

from HMS Enterprise managed to get Eight migrant boats

:10:11.:10:12.

were picked up today. 900 people were rescued -

:10:13.:10:15.

the highest in a single day But there is growing criticism

:10:16.:10:18.

that the EU ships have become a magnet, with smugglers

:10:19.:10:25.

now directing migrants We have to think about

:10:26.:10:27.

what if we were not here? Patrolling, creating

:10:28.:10:32.

deterrents and able to support And I am afraid that a good

:10:33.:10:34.

percentage of the migrants we save maybe would not be alive any

:10:35.:10:43.

more if we wouldn't be Senior military commanders say more

:10:44.:10:47.

than 100,000 migrants are in Libyan And navy officials here claim

:10:48.:10:59.

the recent closure of the migrant route from Greece to Macedonia

:11:00.:11:03.

will lead to more people choosing this far more dangerous route by sea

:11:04.:11:06.

in the days to come. Martin Xuereb is the director

:11:07.:11:17.

of Migrant Offshore Aid Station, a foundation dedicated to preventing

:11:18.:11:20.

loss of life to refugees Thank you for talking to us. Does

:11:21.:11:33.

this warning of increased numbers do, across the Mediterranean

:11:34.:11:39.

correlate with what your agency is seeing? Yes, definitely. It does

:11:40.:11:43.

not, as a surprise. There is always spike depending on the season, and

:11:44.:11:54.

we now expect crossing along the Mediterranean route today, and then

:11:55.:11:59.

there is a lot of trepidation as to what is good happen in the Aegean. I

:12:00.:12:03.

have no doubt that some refugees who feel they have no option but to do

:12:04.:12:09.

this crossing will choose the riskier route from Libya. You say

:12:10.:12:14.

this is down in part to some of the Central European routes being close.

:12:15.:12:18.

What do you think should be the other options for people if they

:12:19.:12:23.

feel they have no option? All I have to say is, the transfer or ferry

:12:24.:12:34.

crossing from Libya, from Turkey to Greece costs a few euros. For a

:12:35.:12:41.

Syrian national to do it will cost them 600, 700, 800, 900 euros. So

:12:42.:12:46.

clearly there are people who feel they have no option. Otherwise they

:12:47.:12:50.

would not take this option. There have to be options, F 's upstream, a

:12:51.:12:54.

greater effort in countries of have to be options, F 's upstream, a

:12:55.:13:00.

transit and for those who unfortunately choose to take this

:13:01.:13:05.

crossing at the, there needs to be an adequate effort to save lives at

:13:06.:13:12.

sea. We are out of time. Thank you very much for joining us on that

:13:13.:13:13.

from Malta. The search for two armed men

:13:14.:13:15.

goes on in Brussels. The men escaped from an apartment

:13:16.:13:17.

in the city after a police raid Another suspect was shot dead hours

:13:18.:13:20.

after the raid. Belgian prosecutors say

:13:21.:13:24.

he was Algerian and was in

:13:25.:13:25.

the country illegally. Beside his body they found a flag

:13:26.:13:28.

of the Islamic State group, a Kalashnikov rifle and a large

:13:29.:13:33.

quantity of ammunition. Anna Holligan sent this

:13:34.:13:35.

update from Brussels. This is an average residential

:13:36.:13:38.

street in suburban Brussels. But look up there and there

:13:39.:13:42.

is evidence of the intensity Windows on the first

:13:43.:13:45.

and second floor blown out, and police are now in the process

:13:46.:13:54.

of recovering pieces One of the suspect was killed inside

:13:55.:14:14.

the apartment by a special forces sniper. Detail about the object

:14:15.:14:18.

found next to his body give us some indication as to who these people

:14:19.:14:25.

might have been. There was a bit on fundamental is one and a black

:14:26.:14:30.

standard flag, the flag that has been adopted by and have become

:14:31.:14:33.

synonymous with the so-called Islamic State. In terms of who this

:14:34.:14:42.

man what, he has been named as a 35-year-old Algerian national who

:14:43.:14:45.

the authorities say was in Belgium illegally. He had only come to their

:14:46.:14:48.

attention once before in the past, in 2014, an connection with a

:14:49.:14:54.

robbery. The two other suspects managed to escape and there is

:14:55.:14:57.

speculation they jumped through one of the back windows of this

:14:58.:15:01.

apartment. You can see the glass in the kitchen is smashed. So those two

:15:02.:15:06.

people still the subject of a police manhunt. Two other people who were

:15:07.:15:11.

questioned have now been released without charge.

:15:12.:15:14.

And in France, police say they've arrested four Islamist militants

:15:15.:15:16.

on suspicion of planning to carry out attacks in central Paris.

:15:17.:15:19.

Officers said three men and one woman were arrested at dawn.

:15:20.:15:23.

Police also seized an unused cartridge for an automatic rifle

:15:24.:15:26.

The French media say the four were already known to security

:15:27.:15:30.

services and one had been under house arrest since last month.

:15:31.:15:36.

World football's governing body Fifa says it's a victim

:15:37.:15:39.

The organisation is trying to get back tens of millions of dollars

:15:40.:15:45.

it says were stolen by its former leaders.

:15:46.:15:47.

The new head of Fifa, Gianni Infantino,

:15:48.:15:49.

has filed a damages claim in the United States,

:15:50.:15:51.

saying money meant for developing the sport has been illegally

:15:52.:15:53.

Our sports correspondent Alex Capstick told me more.

:15:54.:15:59.

It is officially a victim according to the US authorities,

:16:00.:16:04.

which entitles it to go after the money it says it lost

:16:05.:16:07.

from the so widespread corruption scandal.

:16:08.:16:09.

Fifa claims that the people involved in this, many of them senior,

:16:10.:16:13.

were operating outside the boundaries of Fifa.

:16:14.:16:21.

They were part of the regions, part of the confederations.

:16:22.:16:24.

Conmebol in South America, Concacaf North Central America

:16:25.:16:26.

They were separate legal identities, therefore they didn't know

:16:27.:16:32.

They have said and they have always said.

:16:33.:16:36.

And the reason they are going after it is they have got

:16:37.:16:39.

What they did to secure that was pushed these reforms through.

:16:40.:16:42.

When Gianni Infantino was elected as president a few weeks ago,

:16:43.:16:45.

just before that election, there was another vote on key

:16:46.:16:47.

This was seen as absolutely essential for the firm if it was to

:16:48.:16:56.

maintain its victim status. It was pushed through, it was good news for

:16:57.:17:04.

them. Is Gianni Infantino driving this action or was it an the

:17:05.:17:10.

pipeline beforehand? He had given it the green light to budget has been

:17:11.:17:14.

on the minds of Fifa officials for some time now. They were

:17:15.:17:16.

particularly annoyed about that wheat by Geoffrey Webb who replaced

:17:17.:17:23.

the head of Concacaf who was indicted by the US authorities.

:17:24.:17:26.

There was a picture of him celebrating his wife's birthday in a

:17:27.:17:29.

mansion where they were sipping champagne and having a good party,

:17:30.:17:34.

which really annoyed the far officials. They were really

:17:35.:17:37.

determined to go after the money that these former officials have

:17:38.:17:41.

diverted away from Fifa to pocket themselves.

:17:42.:17:42.

Britain has become the latest country to announce a tax on sugar

:17:43.:17:45.

in soft drinks, to help tackle childhood obesity.

:17:46.:17:48.

The measure was announced by the British finance

:17:49.:17:50.

George Osborne said the levy, from 2018, would raise more

:17:51.:17:54.

than ?700 million to fund sport in schools.

:17:55.:17:55.

A similar tax introduced in Mexico in 2014 has led to a drop

:17:56.:17:59.

In other economic news the Federal Reserve has kept its target interest

:18:00.:18:15.

rates unchanged for a further three months. Despite raising rates in

:18:16.:18:22.

December, they decided to keep them at between 0.25 and 0.5% over

:18:23.:18:24.

concerns in the global economy. Sylvia Anderson - the co-creator

:18:25.:18:28.

of Thunderbirds and the voice of one of its most enduring characters -

:18:29.:18:31.

has died aged 88. She was the woman behind

:18:32.:18:33.

Lady Penelope, the elegant aristocrat who moonlighted

:18:34.:18:35.

as a secret agent. An aristocrat, a British '60s style

:18:36.:18:37.

icon and a secret agent that regularly saved the world

:18:38.:18:43.

from imminent disaster. Someone has been

:18:44.:18:51.

listening at my door. Come along quietly so as not

:18:52.:19:00.

to waken the other passengers. Lady Penelope Creighton-Ward

:19:01.:19:02.

was voiced and modelled Along with her then husband

:19:03.:19:04.

Gerry Anderson she created some of the most iconic TV shows

:19:05.:19:08.

of the time, including Thunderbirds, At a time long before computer

:19:09.:19:10.

graphics, the puppets, filmed in what was called

:19:11.:19:21.

Supermarionation, were As was the role of Sylvia

:19:22.:19:24.

in the then very male world The woman was always walking a few

:19:25.:19:33.

paces behind the lead. So I wanted to get away

:19:34.:19:37.

from that if I could. You only realise when you step back

:19:38.:19:39.

from what you've done And that is why I think a lot

:19:40.:19:42.

of our stuff has lived on. After divorcing in 1991,

:19:43.:19:50.

Sylvia continued to have a successful career in TV and film

:19:51.:19:53.

for the next 30 years. But it is probably her alter ego

:19:54.:19:59.

Lady Penelope that she will Sylvia Anderson, who has died at the

:20:00.:20:02.

age of 88. Now, earlier we brought

:20:03.:20:28.

you Jon Sopel's report and you may have detected

:20:29.:20:30.

the sound of some strain Well, there's been criticism

:20:31.:20:33.

from some commentators Brit Hume, senior political analyst

:20:34.:20:36.

with Fox News, said she was "shouting angrily"

:20:37.:20:40.

during a victory speech, while others on social media spoke

:20:41.:20:42.

of her "shrill" voice. First, let's hear again a little

:20:43.:20:45.

of her speaking following those When we hear a candidate

:20:46.:20:47.

for president call for rounding up 12 million immigrants,

:20:48.:20:57.

banning all Muslims from entering When he embraces torture,

:20:58.:20:59.

that doesn't make him strong, So should Ms Clinton take any notice

:21:00.:21:07.

of those criticising the way she speaks and do such

:21:08.:21:18.

things make a difference? Joining me now is the executive

:21:19.:21:20.

speech coach Simon Bucknall. What did you make of that? The last

:21:21.:21:32.

thing I would think of that particular clip is that she sounds

:21:33.:21:36.

shrill. Certainly if you're in that hall as an audience member it is

:21:37.:21:40.

very different from watching it on TV. There needs to be an energy from

:21:41.:21:44.

the speaker that can seem a little strong sometimes. For me it is

:21:45.:21:47.

natural that for a presidential candidate who has done as much

:21:48.:21:54.

speaking as she has done, it is not surprising voice has some strain.

:21:55.:21:59.

Yes, it sounds as if she has been doing a lot of shouting impact all

:22:00.:22:04.

is trying to get herself heard. Yes, these events are high-energy and it

:22:05.:22:10.

can come across as strained on TV. When we get stressed, have to use

:22:11.:22:14.

the boys a lot, it is natural that eventually the boys. To show that.

:22:15.:22:23.

-- when we have to use the voice. Men's voices will also go up, but

:22:24.:22:28.

people will hear the female voice going to a higher pitch. Speaking to

:22:29.:22:34.

colleagues in the newsroom, they detect perhaps some sexism in the

:22:35.:22:41.

criticism. Not so much criticism if a man went shrill or started

:22:42.:22:45.

shouting, perhaps. I think that is true. If not sexist then certainly

:22:46.:22:50.

patronising as a description. To describe somebody was Mac energy is

:22:51.:22:56.

different from commenting on the voice or how high-pitched it is. The

:22:57.:23:00.

election is becoming very emotionally charged, it seems to me,

:23:01.:23:05.

so it is not surprising that there are men and right-wing commentators

:23:06.:23:06.

who are having a bit of a go. One politician who famously

:23:07.:23:09.

tried to change her voice to improve her electoral

:23:10.:23:11.

prospects was the former British Prime Minister

:23:12.:23:13.

Margaret Thatcher. We must tand together

:23:14.:23:20.

and fight for the things They are more important

:23:21.:23:27.

than any of us individually. He wanted the European Parliament

:23:28.:23:30.

to be the democratic body he wanted the Commission

:23:31.:23:32.

to be the Executive, he wanted the Council

:23:33.:23:35.

of Ministers to be the Senate. That was a sort of before and after

:23:36.:23:47.

clip showing what she had thought she had to do to sound more credible

:23:48.:23:52.

over the years. Yes, I think it is something many people not just in

:23:53.:23:56.

politics seeks to work on from a leadership point of view. I meet all

:23:57.:24:00.

kinds of people both male and the mill who want to work on their

:24:01.:24:07.

voice. There is something in our nature for a listener that lends

:24:08.:24:13.

authority. To speak in a deeper voice you have to be more relaxed.

:24:14.:24:22.

The tension makes the boys go higher. It is about portraying come

:24:23.:24:26.

outside even if there is no harm in sight. Absolutely. -- even if there

:24:27.:24:39.

is no harm inside. Churchill, for example, had to work very hard to

:24:40.:24:42.

convey the authority he wanted to convey. So the work on the voice is

:24:43.:24:47.

a male and female challenge. There is something in human nature that

:24:48.:24:52.

means that I play slower, deeper tone tends to greater authority in

:24:53.:25:00.

general. There must be many people listening out there who want to

:25:01.:25:05.

know, how do I make myself sound cam if I am feeling very nervous about a

:25:06.:25:09.

presentation or something like that. What do you recommend? One thing is

:25:10.:25:15.

remained yourself to dig deep quality breast using the diaphragm.

:25:16.:25:24.

Which is hard if your body is tense. Yes, but just taking a moment. A tip

:25:25.:25:32.

I have found has worked out treat is tipped the chin down. It helps to

:25:33.:25:36.

just centre you and enable you to breathe deeply. That can certainly

:25:37.:25:40.

help. The second thing is it needs to feel artificially deep and slow.

:25:41.:25:45.

If it feels natural, it is probably not deep enough and it is probably a

:25:46.:25:47.

bit too fast. Thank you very much. You can get in touch with me

:25:48.:25:54.

and some of the team via Twitter.

:25:55.:26:01.

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