17/03/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Chris Rogers.


Political turmoil in Brazil as a judge overturns


the cabinet appointment of Lula da Silva.


It comes just hours after the former president was sworn into the post.


it's alleged he accepted the role to avoid prosecution for corruption.


The US Secretary of State, John Kerry, accuses the so-called


Islamic State group of committing genocide


Daesh is genocidal by self proclamation, by ideology and by


actions. What it says, what it believes and what it does.


Can the EU and Turkey finally agree a way to tackle


We have a special report it on the fight against Boko Haram in


Cameroon. And no more killer whales


at SeaWorld as the American theme park company announces it's


ending its breeding programme. Brazil's former president


Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has been suspended from his government job


just hours after taking He'd been given the post of chief


of staff by the woman who succeeded him as president,


his ally Dilma Rousseff. But shortly after he signed


the paperwork, than a judge ruled that a federal investigation


into government corruption could be In Brazil, cabinet members can


only be investigated by the Supreme Court,


not by federal courts. Lula is under investigation


in connection with a corruption Lula's appointment has divided


Brazil, and there have been days of protests since news


of his appointment broke While the signing ceremony took


place, there were noisy demonstrations for and against


Lula's outside the presidential Hundreds of people at are here


outside demonstrating to show their support for the president and for


Lula, defending his reputation. They are chanting, Lula is a fighter.


CHANTING. But other groups are protesting


against the government. They are calling for the impeachment of


President Dilma Rousseff and they very are angry at the appointment of


former President Lula to government. They say it is an attempt to shield


charges against him. He faces corruption allegations and they see


this as a way to grant him special privileges to avoid his being


charged by regular tribunal 's. These people have come to Parliament


here where President Dilma Rousseff is based, and lots of tension is


building up in the streets of Brasilia and other parts of Brazil


with this escalating political crisis.


Adding to the latest twist in the corruption investigation,


a judge made public a taped phone conversation


between President Rousseff and Lula, which has been interpreted by some


to show that Lula was given the post of chief of staff


I had been speaking to Camilla Coster from BBC Brazil about the


significance of that phone call between President Rousseff and


Lula. Supporters have been saying this call doesn't prove anything,


and the government is saying, we were trying to find a new plan for


the possibility that he wasn't able to attend the ceremony all was going


to be sworn in as chief of staff. Then government critics say this


conversation shows signs that the President Dilma Rousseff was trying


to obstruct investigations against former President Lula Da Silva,


because once he becomes the chief of staff, he can only be prosecuted, be


judged, by the Supreme Court, not by Federal Justice. And obviously an


investigation is needed into that taped conversation, no doubt there


will be won. But what about the wider investigation into government


corruption, that puts the current and former presidents in a very


difficult situation. Guess, operation Car wash, as it is called,


a major corruption investigation that has been going on for two


years. They have started investigating a scheme to secure


contracts in Brazil's oil state company for Brazil's top


construction companies by giving kickbacks and bribes to top


government officials. Now, President Dilma Rousseff hasn't been


officially accused of corruption in that investigation yet, but


President Lula is under investigation in connection to that,


so this has been a big destabilising factor in President Dilma Rousseff's


government, but we do have to bear in mind that there is a legal side


and the political side to this. On the legal side, how the


investigation will move on, who will be accused and prosecuted, then you


have obviously the political side. The impeachment process that


Congress moves to start against President Dilma Rousseff is very


much a political process, so all of President Dilma Rousseff is very


this as two are very unstable situation at the moment.


The US Secretary of State, John Kerry, has accused co called


Daesh is genocidal by self as Americans refer to them -


Daesh is genocidal by self proclamation, by ideology, and by


actions. In what it says, what it believes and what it does. Daesh is


also responsible for crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing,


directed at the same groups, and in some cases also against Sunni


Muslims, Kurds and other minorities. Let's get some reaction to this.


With me is Bishop Angaelos, General Bishop of the Coptic


What difference do the words of John Kerry make to the situation that


millions of Christians are experiencing in the Middle East? I


think it is a recognition of what a lot of people are going through, and


as this has proven, it is Christians as much as Muslim communities. I


returned from Washington last week and there was a lot of rallying. The


concern was there was going to be genocide declared against Yazidis


but not Christians, which I think would have caused greater


persecution because it would see the international community not


supporting them as much, but at least this recognises the suffering


of all, because at the end of the day it is happening in the same


time, by the same people in the same way. But many governments, in


particular the British government, do not acknowledge persecution of


Christianity. They do on a case-by-case basis but not of the


general situation. Could that no change, because it doesn't help


people seeking asylum, running for their lives in many cases, to other


countries. What we are seeing happening in Iraq have thrown out


the rule book. What we have seen us persecution over the past decades


doesn't come near what we are seeing now, more systematic, ruthless,


medieval practice that takes us back millennium. The fact that the EU and


US have declared genocide I hope will be an encouragement for Her


Majesty's government to do the same. There is a big group of


parliamentarians working on this at the moment, and we hope that in the


same way, it is a way of declaring but also reassuring the people there


that we feel their pain, we understand what they are going


through. That helps, perhaps, Christians in the Middle East, but


what about Christians being persecuted in other parts of the


world such as Pakistan, we know there is a problem there. I think


the recognition of persecution in one place makes it a model you can


apply as a measuring point. So if we see the same thing happening in the


same way, of course if it is declared as persecution on one end


it must be on the other. It is undeniable that there is


persecution, and other Christian and a Christian minister I am not just


advocating for Christians, because I think there is an essential sanctity


of life issue, and importance and dignity of life that we need to look


up for everyone, whether Christians, Muslims or other religions, if we


had to look at each person's intrinsic freedom to follow his or


her faith, we need to look across the board, and therefore, if we do


that collaboratively, we are able to hope other people. Bishop Angaelos,


thank you for giving us your reaction and insight.


Fresh efforts to tackle the large numbers of people trying to reach


Europe by sea are being debated by EU leaders in Brussels.


The proposed plan would see migrants arriving in Greece


But Turkey wants a number of concessions from the EU,


including a guarantee that its membership bid


The number of migrants waiting at the Greece-Macedonia border has


already reached around 15,000, after countries further north


The German Chancellor Angela Merkel says she's optimistic but cautious


Damian Grammaticas joins us now from Brussels.


A lot of optimism but what makes this summit different from all the


others over the last year? I think what makes it different is the


knowledge and the scenes on the ground in Greece at that northern


border with Macedonia, where you have 15,000 people camped, unable to


move further forward, while more are still arriving on the Greek islands.


European leaders know they need some sort of solution, or the situation


on the ground in Greece will deteriorate further. There is a bit


of optimism and a lot of realism going into the talks now, leaders


are just sitting down to dinner, where this will be the topic of


discussion, and the difficulties they have are many. There are legal


difficulties about whether this plan will accord with international or


human rights law, there have been many criticisms about that because


of the idea of taking all the people who arrive in Greece, migrants,


refugees, whoever, returning them to Turkey, because EU human rights law


says they must all be given an individual hearing into their case,


so there is a legal difficulty, a practical difficulty, Greece doesn't


have the capacity to hold them to process and return them at the


minute, and there is a political difficulty which is striking a deal


with Turkey, giving it concessions such as speeding up these free


access to the EU, speeding up those accession talks to the EU. Many


European countries are anxious about being seen to make concessions to


Turkey at a time when there are real concerns about the direction of


human rights into geeks and press freedoms, and the government of


Cyprus. EU with an unresolved conflict with Turpie Turkey, Turkish


troops on the island, Turkey doesn't recognise the government of Cyprus


and the want a Mac says that has to change before it can happen, so many


parts of this equation need to fall into place. Many thanks.


The Office of the Attorney General in Switzerland says it's conducting


criminal proceedings against the former Fifa Secretary


The proceedings for "criminal mismanagement" follow allegations


made against Mr Valcke in connection with the investigation carried out


The prosecutors said on Thursday that they've conducted searches


and interviews, but no arrests have been made.


The Kurdish militant group TAK says it carried out a suicide bomb attack


in the capital, Ankara, on Sunday which killed 37 people.


TAK stands for the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks.


It claims the bombing, which took place in a busy


commercial district and transport hub of the city, was in revenge


for the government's continued military action in the south east


The BBC's Mark Lowen, who's in Istanbul, told us


It is basically disavowed its links with the PKK because it disagreed


with the PKK's attempts that these buyers etc, and it was much more


hardline -- attempt that ceasefires. It focuses more on civilian areas


while PKK attacks have focused more on military and governmental


targets. You can compare their relationship to the IRA and the Real


IRA, the latter more militant and more hardline. The government,


though, says they are the same organisation and that the PKK has


used alter ego is, aliases, to hide behind them and blur accountability


and protect the inner core of the PKK leadership. It comes down to


this attack on Sunday being carried out by Kurdish militants as we know,


with very devastating consequences. Cameroon has sentenced 89 members


of the Nigerian Islamist militant They were convicted by a military


court for their roles in several attacks in the co untry's north,


which borders Nigeria. The news comes as the Nigerian army


has been making headway in the fight against the group, leading


the militants ever closer At least 15,000 people have been


killed in the region by the group - which has been affiliated


with the so-called The BBC's Maud Jullien has this


exclusive report from Northern This camp in Cameroon is home to


nearly 50,000 people who fled violence across the border in


Nigeria. Naomi is one of them. She was kidnapped by the Islamist group


Boko Haram days after her baby was born and spent two months in


captivity before escaping. She says as long as you pretended to convert


to Islam they didn't harm you. TRANSLATION: We stayed and prayed


with them but we played tricks on them. They would cut your throat if


you disobeyed and especially if you are a man, they would cut your


throat if they didn't like you, and drink your blood. The militants took


Naomi to a cave in the mountain is. On the border between Nigeria and


Cameroon. As the threat has become regional, so has the response. Five


African countries are taking part in the fight against Boko Haram with


support from American troops. We are with the rapid interventional


brigade who have been at the forefront of the fight against Boko


Haram. This small village on the border with Nigeria was attacked


last month. Dozens of Boko Haram insurgents shot into the air and


looted shops. TRANSLATION: In this war, tactics are changing.


They are now pushing desperately at and is across the border to


resupply. Before 2014 they used to carry out huge attacks with vehicles


and heavy weapons, and we have no more such attacks. Why have you not


yet been able to fully defeat Boko Haram? Because very often they are


involved in the population, so you don't know who is Boko Haram. They


are people you live with in the daylight, but in the night, they


turn into terrorists. And it is here, in the cupboard maze of the


market, that it is difficult to tell who is who. Just this summer,


suicide blasts killed at least 20 people in the region's biggest city.


There were two suicide attacks here on the same day. A young girl


standing about where I am standing was wearing a large dress and a belt


full of explosives that she detonated, killing 17 people. Local


policemen investigated the attacks. They say the use of young girls is


becoming an alarming trend. TRANSLATION: The little girls were


explosive -- where explosives but they don't know what they are


carrying. They say they do not know what is in the belts, so there must


be someone else next to them detonating the explosives. Boko


Haram has been weakened in the last few months but it is a zillion.


Eyewitnesses have told the BBC militants are blending in with


refugees to cross the board while others are reorganising in huge


caves in the mountains. This is a new phase in the war against Boko


Haram and African armies will need to doubt. More than before it will


be about cross-border collaboration and gaining support from local


people. More Julian, BBC News, northern Cameroon.


South Africa's President Jacob Zuma has strongly denied allegations


that his cabinet appointments have been influenced by a wealthy family.


He's been facing questions in parliament about his relationship


with the Guptas - a story sparked when the country's


deputy finance minister, Mcebeesi Jonas claimed members


of the Gupta family had offered him his boss's job.


Mr Zuma was pressed on the issue by the opposition leader.


Mr President, Deputy Minister Mcebeesi Jonas has already confirmed


that the Gupta is offered him the position of Finance minister before


it was even offered to the Minister. It has become quite clear that power


no longer sits at the union building. In fact, worse, it does


not even sit at a house, it now sits there.


In response, President Zuma rejected suggestions that the Guptas had any


influence over government appointments.


I am in charge of the government, I am in charge, I point. In terms of


the Constitution, there is no minister who is here who was ever


appointed by the Gupta s or by anybody else. Ministers here were


appointed by me. CHEERING. Order. President Vladimir Putin has warned


that Russia could build up its military presence in Syria


"within hours" if needed, and urged all sides in the conflict


to respect a ceasefire. Most of the Russian forces in Syria


left the country earlier this week. A ceremony was held today


for returning servicemen. Our correspondent in Moscow,


Steve Rosenberg, reports. FANFARE.


He had already declared Russia's operation in Syria Mission


accomplished. Today bladder may and invited his troops to the Kremlin.


St George's all is where Russian Czar 's celebrated their military


victories. We have created the conditions for a peace process, the


president said. This road to peace was opened by you, the soldiers of


Russia, he said. There were words of comfort for the widows of four


Russian soldiers killed in Syria, and a pledge that the war against


terrorism will continue. Russia isn't pulling out all its troops.


And then the medals. Russian soldiers made Russian heroes.


APPLAUSE. So why all the pomp? Think of the


circumstantial. This is a country which lost an empire, the soviet


union, it lost the Cold War. That is why today the Kremlin is seeking new


heroes and new victories to send a message that Russia once again is a


great power. Two years ago Moscow's annexation of Crimea was condemned


by the West, but the Kremlin used it to spark a wave of patriotism across


Russia. Now, with Russian pilots returning as heroes, Syria is


portrayed as Russia's latest triumph. That is Moscow now too


reliant on seeking military success? We have switched from a country of


prosperity to a country of war, a country of permanent mobilisation,


and the authority needs new targets and new causes for the rally. If


Russia is now in a state of permanent mobilisation, you can


expect more patriotism at home and possibly more tension with the West.


Steve Rosenberg, BBC News, Moscow. In December, women in Saudi Arabia


were elected for the first time to municipal councils,


a step that was considered a landmark for women's rights


in the conservative kingdom. Since their election,


some female members of the councils It was an historic moment,


the first time Saudi women voted Women making it to local councils


was a huge step forward here. However, those who made it into this


building here in Jeddah haven't found it as smooth


as they were hoping. Rasha Hefzi is a successful


businesswoman who makes things But in the local council,


where she was recently elected, she was not welcome


to sit at the same table Segregation is still deeply rooted


in the culture here. But she is not short of


determination to bring about change. We've been used to that,


with other entities, and it is just about time


that it will change. Even when I used to go


to the council, I got acceptance from a few members in


the council, not all. But step-by-step we used to go


and sit with them and they used So I think it is about


time for change. 21 women were elected


for the municipal councils. Although the councils have little


powers, hopes were high that it was a landmark moment


in the process towards real change for women in a country


where inequalities still an issue. I think the election part


was shocking because it shows that when they are given the same chance,


they managed to come on equal parts. But in the only country that


bans women from driving, the question is - what has


really been achieved? TRANSLATION: I think a woman


being selected is a good step for our image in the world and it's


only windowdressing for the West. I believe the real change


will happen when I become Saudi Arabia has a guardianship


system, where women need their male relatives' permission


for their day-to-day life decisions. Many women are making noises to push


the wheel of change, but are still wondering


how far it can go. The US theme park company SeaWorld


has announced that it will no longer It said the current generation


of animals would be the last The company, which has a variety


of parks across the United States, has faced intense criticism


for keeping orcas in captivity after a documentary highlighted


the impact on the animals. SeaWorld said that instead


of running theatrical shows it would introduce what it called new,


natural encounters with the orcas. A court in Brazil has suspended


the appointment of the former President, Luiz Inacio Lula da


Silva, as chief of staff The court order in Brasilia came


shortly after Lula was sworn Lula's critics accuse him


of taking it to try Well, that's all from the programme.


Next, the weather. But for now, from me,


Chris Rogers, and the rest


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