30/03/2016 World News Today


30/03/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox.

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The headlines - making the treacherous journey

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We have an exclusive report on the African migrants

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who are making a desperate journey in search of a better life.

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The chance to succeed as 20% and the chance to be killed is a deeper

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sent. -- 80%. President Hollande drops plans

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to strip French nationality from people convicted

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of terrorism offences. And Myanmar swears

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in a new president - the country's first civilian leader

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in more than half a century. Hello and welcome

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to World News Today. We begin with an exclusive report

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on Europe's migrant crisis. The Italian coastguard says it has

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rescued 1,400 people from the water Many more have drowned in the last

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two years trying to cross from Libya, and its a perilous

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journey of up to 6 days across the Sahara, in extreme

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temperatures just to get there. The jumping-off point

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for the desert trek is Agadez, in Niger - which it's thought

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100,000 people passed Our West Africa correspondent

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Thomas Fessy sent this report. This is where the long road through

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the Sahara begins, in the desert of Niger. They have come from all over

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the West and Central Africa with one goal, a better life in Europe. And

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so off they go tonight, adrift in an ocean of stand, clinging to their

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dreams. Some of them may not survive the extreme heat when the sun comes

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up, others may be left behind by smugglers, but there will be no

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rescue mission. A rear stop on this perilous journey. Most of the

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migrants have left countries with few jobs and limited prospects. This

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is the alternative. Young men but also teenage girls and children.

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Some like Samuel have fled war. I have to take the risk, you know when

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you want to achieve something you have to take risks, so that is why I

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prefer to go to Europe. Willing to risk your life? It is God who has

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been the last word. I must make it for my family. Migration is big

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business in the Sahara, there will be officials and soldiers to brave

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and militia today. For the smugglers, nothing is more

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lucrative. We charge different prices depending on where they come

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from but on average the ride to the border costs more than $200. We have

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only been here for a couple of hours and have seen dozens of these

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pick-up trucks, hundreds of migrants, and there will be hundreds

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more tonight. Borders are being tightened in Europe but how do you

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stop this? Just a few miles down the road more migrants are preparing to

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set. The ancient trading Post, home to smugglers and traffickers for

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centuries, a transit hub where migrants dreaming of a new life

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crossed paths with those returning to their old lives. These migrants

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have turned around defeated and destitute. They were starved or

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during the journey or they are going home. They have failed. 28-year-old

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James from Liberia wanted to study computing in Italy. He took great

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risks to reach the coast. But the state of the boat used to cross the

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Mediterranean terrified him. Very much afraid to get on the boat

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because people tell you the boat is good, you go and within three hours,

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they are all lies. The chance to succeed is 20%, the chance to be

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killed is 80% and the chance to terrorise, 100%. Food each migrants

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backtracking towards the home country, another pick-up truck

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loaded with dozens more is already speeding through the desert. The

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exodus continues. The United States military has

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announced plans to station thousands of extra troops in eastern Europe,

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in response to what it has labelled From early next year,

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NATO forces in Eastern Europe The deployment is the most

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significant US reinforcement of NATO since the tensions with Moscow

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increased over the Ukraine crisis. A typical US armoured brigade has

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four and a half thousand soldiers. The US European command says they'll

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be conducting military exercises Is this a return to the cold war?

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Three are amid a grades in Europe would have a hard job stopping

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Russia if it was seriously intent in the rolling westwards. The crisis in

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Ukraine sent a shock wave through needle especially those with a clear

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memory of Soviet power. Ever since that crisis, the Americans and other

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allies have been sending small numbers of official equipment to

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Europe and mounting routine and almost permanent exercises, some

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large but mostly small-scale in Poland and the Baltic republics.

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There has been a need felt by the Americans to bolster the resident

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combat power. There are currently two US army brigades in Europe, one

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is your board and sold relatively light and the other is a so-called

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strike brigade. What the Americans are now proposing is to put in from

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2017 and armoured Brigade saw tanks and heavy infantry, 500 or so

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personnel. That's brigade will stay in Europe for some nine months and

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come over what it's still fit modern equipment and when it is finished it

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will return to the native states and be replaced by another brigade with

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its own equipment. Not only will more sets of American troops get

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experience operating in Europe but the equipment will be significantly

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modernised. And the Russian response? The Russians clearly not

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happy. They have pointed with a little justification saying that

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Nato and Russia agreed to not build more permanent bases. And of course

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that is semi-suspended in the wake of the crisis. It insists they are

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not permanent bases because the troops and the armoured brigade will

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be rotated, so they are not absolutely permanent, like setting

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up a base with the same trips they have for extended periods. A lot of

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people might argue that as an academic distinction but the

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Americans want to reassure their allies and send a clear message to

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Moscow that they Nato alliance is in business and willing to defend its

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interests. They also want to push other allies to do more than one of

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the interesting things is that a number of Nato countries are

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spending that little bit more on defence so it is not a new world

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war. It is not a return to the cold war as was, but it is an attempt by

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needle to show Russia it means serious business and we shouldn't

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perhaps try to think about encroaching into the Baltic

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republics. President Francois Hollande says

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he's dropping plans to strip French nationality from people convicted

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of terrorism offences. The change to the constitution

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was proposed in the wake of November's attacks in Paris,

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but the plan has caused deep divisions within Mr

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Hollande's Socialist party. He says it's now being set aside

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in the face of opposition For more on this let's speak

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to our correspondent in Pairs, All that supports for President

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Hollande in the immediate aftermath seems to have the Lindo Wing? It has

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completely dissipated and back then he called the Houses of Parliament

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together this and made a big speech, National unity was the watchword,

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and part of his response, Security response, was this measure, to make

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it possible for by National is, people with two nationalities, to

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have their French nationalities stepped away from them if they were

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convicted of terrorist attacks. It was broadly supported and in the

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heat of the moment everyone was for it can be left forgot that this was

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a measure that actually the far right has been calling for four

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years. The left remembered that in the weeks that followed and as time

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went by, more people on the left of the Socialist party and for the left

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began to see this as against our basic principles and by doing this

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you are creating two types of French citizens, French citizenship and

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people with French and something else and they will be treated

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differently and that is not free and it is against our idea of

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universality of right, and as the weeks went by, and it is a sign of

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President Hollande's diminishing responsibility, that the left got

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more and more willing to take him on. The Justice Minister resigned,

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so President Hollande wrote back and change the vet and the Wright said,

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we don't like this either, so the whole thing in the end meant he had

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alienating the left and the right sort has all come to an ignominious

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close. Thank you. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. It's emerged that the jihadists

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who attacked Brussels last week had photographs and building plans

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of the office and residence of the Belgian Prime

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Minister, Charles Michel. They were found on a computer

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belonging to one of the suicide bombers who blew himself

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up inside the airport. A Portuguese branch of the Anonymous

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hacking collective says it's shut down around two dozen Angolan

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government websites. It is currently impossible to access

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many of the sites listed In a statement on Facebook,

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the hackers said it was because of the jailing of 17 Angolan youth

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activists who were found guilty Less than four months

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after his appointment, Gary Neville has been sacked

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as manager of Spannish football team The former England and Manchester

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United captain had overseen a string of disappointing results that left

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the team 14th in La Liga. An Egyptian man accused of hijacking

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an Egypt Air plane yesterday has Seif Eldin Mustafa forced the plane

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to divert hundreds of miles by wearing what later turned out

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to be a fake suicide belt. All 56 passengers and crew

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were eventually freed. Just a glimpse of the man accused

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of this bizarre hijacking before The hearing was brief and he didn't

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speak but as he was driven away, The suspect presented today before

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the court and he will stay Today we learned a bit more

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about the personal motivations of Seif al-Din Mustafa as he caused

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a domestic Egyptian flight to be He says he was desperate

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to see his estranged Cypriot wife Emotions ran high at Cairo airport

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as passengers and crew of Flight MS181 were reunited

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with their friends and family. Others didn't feel

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threatened by the hijacker. And he told only nothing

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will happen, so... The suicide belt was found to be

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fake but that wasn't clear when this On the right is Ben Innis from Leeds

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who is now famous, This guy was so cool,

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he's a British guy. He asked him to take a picture

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and he took the picture. There are enquiries into how

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the alleged hijacker got through airport checks,

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apparently with fake explosives Controls at Egypt's airports

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were heavily criticised after last year's deadly bombing of a Russian

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plane, but Egyptian officials say they handled the latest

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incident correctly. Yesterday's hijacking ended

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dramatically, ultimately, with no one harmed but it

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has left concerns about The Syrian army's recent successes

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will help accelerate a political settlement, according

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to President Assad. He told Russian media

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that the conflict has cost his country more

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than $200 billion - But there has also

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been a human cost. After five years of civil war,

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some parts of Syria are in ruins, and the biggest city,

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Aleppo, has seen widescale Our International Correspondent Ian

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Pannell has been covering the story from the beginning and caught up

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with a doctor he first met in 2012. You may find some of the images

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disturbing in his report. On a cold winter night in 2012 we

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crossed into Syria and this is what we saw. A popular uprising that

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would eventually turn to war. It was a movement built on the call for

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democracy and dignity, fuelled by decades of Fiat and brutal

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repression. The Assad regime responded with an iron fist and

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protest as were attacked and killed. The bloodshed had begun. We

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witnessed those who called for changes take up arms. Weapons were

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smuggled in as a new rebel force emerged.

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By the summer of 2012 the revolution had become a civil war. We saw

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street battles rage as the death toll rose. Under fire and under

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pressure, the regime unleashed ever greater firepower.

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Civilians in Syria have pleaded for foreign help for five years but

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instead they got foreign meddling. There are countless villains in this

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war. Terrible crimes against humanity. But there have also been

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many heroes, those who have risked everything to help others. Above

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all, the medics of Syria. We met this doctor in a front line hospital

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in Aleppo, a young trauma surgeon who had been held and tortured by

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the regime for doing his job but they didn't stop working round the

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clock to help the growing influx of casualties. The hospital also became

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home to his family. They played here but also witnessed the full horrors

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of this war. This is where their childhood came to an end. For years

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on. No safe, living in Germany, but far from well. The sounds and

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screams of Aleppo haunt them all. The children talk of severed limbs

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and death. Doesn't he was all you just surviving here rather than

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leading? -- leading? The most important for me now, the

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children. The children must learn, must be educated and must live far

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from bombing, from fear. They need to live normal lives. But this isn't

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normal. Like many refugees, he may be here but his heart isn't. This is

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what is left of his home today. Aleppo five years after the

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revolution began. Syria's largest city, whole districts abandoned.

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Perhaps this ceasefire will hold but now one will forget what happened

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here and many won't forget. -- forgive.

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The BBC has obtained a draft bill that suggests that a special

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position is, being created in the new Burmese government

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for former political prisoner Aung San Suu Kyi.

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The bill would create the position of "Advisor to the State"

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with a broad mandate similar to a Prime Minister.

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The revelation comes as Myanmar's first civilian leader in more

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than half a century has been sworn in.

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Those waiting for change in Myanmar have had to be patient.

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Five months after a historic election, and after decades

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of military rule, this was the day that the Burmese army

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For Aung San Suu Kyi, this is the culmination of a long

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journey from house arrests and detention

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she's about to be the leader of Myanmar's first civilian

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The Constitution bars her from taking that job

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because her sons are British, not Burmese.

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So she shows a close friend, Htin Kyaw.

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And watched on as he was sworn in as the country's first elected

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civilian president in more than 50 years.

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A short while later it was the turn of the ministers, including Miss Suu

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She will control the energy, education and foreign affairs

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portfolios as well as having a seat in the President's office.

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Much now rests on whether she can work with an army that still wields

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We are very happy, this is an auspicious day,

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Someone who has been chosen by the people has been sworn in,

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The end of 50 years of military rule.

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It is going to be a challenging time ahead but it is remarkable we've got

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Most people two or three years ago would not have imagined

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At the outgoing President's house there was a ceremonial handover.

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Myanmar is not yet a democracy and faces many serious challenges.

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But when Thein Sein first took office five years ago,

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Jonah Fisher, BBC News, in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

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50 years ago, visitors to Longleat House in the west

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of England were invited to drive their own cars among

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In that moment the Safari Park was born.

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Since then millions have come face to face with lions,

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tigers and rhinos, John Maguire reports.

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We are about to go and feed the lions and tigers but luckily this is

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lying proof! Isn't it? Suddenly I feel like Daniel about to enter the

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lions den but first it is Tiger sign. Twice a week we feed them and

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they chased us. The chase is important because it is replicating

:22:31.:22:35.

chasing the prey. Who ordered the romp? Fell at stake? When they first

:22:36.:22:40.

come running up to the back of the vehicle they let the lips and fix

:22:41.:22:47.

you with huge unblinking eyes. You wonder whether that is that meet or

:22:48.:22:50.

this week they are more interested in. A fantastic site.

:22:51.:23:00.

This all started when the aristocrat met the man from the big top.

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Lord Bath had Longleat and Jimmy Chipperfield

:23:04.:23:05.

What followed was the creation of the world's first safari park.

:23:06.:23:22.

Next we are heading across the lake to meet one of the park's oldest and

:23:23.:23:27.

most distinguished residents who enjoys watching television. It was

:23:28.:23:32.

something people brought over for him when he had to do a quarantine

:23:33.:23:38.

period and he had to stay in the house for six months. We had heard

:23:39.:23:43.

some people had used it with chimpanzees and pacified them so we

:23:44.:23:47.

tried it and it worked really well and never took it away! And his

:23:48.:23:53.

favourite programme, wildlife documentaries. Among the history and

:23:54.:24:00.

the splendour of the house, I meet validate whose husband was a local

:24:01.:24:07.

vet back in 1966. He had never looked after an exotic and knew

:24:08.:24:10.

virtually nothing but that was how he dealt with it because the inside

:24:11.:24:19.

of a lion is only a larger version of a cat. Two of Longleat's longest

:24:20.:24:25.

serving staff Shearer 70 years of experience and remember simpler

:24:26.:24:29.

times. We are still working on fencing now. It is like the Forth

:24:30.:24:38.

Road Bridge, it never stops. And that is how it was first place. The

:24:39.:24:45.

lions were originally in an old railway shed but now they have

:24:46.:24:50.

proper indoor shed. It is amazing, with technology, we need to use

:24:51.:24:54.

things now. We used to have meters to read the ultraviolet and laser

:24:55.:25:00.

thermometers that can do how warm the soil is and how these guys did

:25:01.:25:05.

back then I have no idea but that is how it has progressed.

:25:06.:25:09.

The original vision for Longleat was to bring Africa to England.

:25:10.:25:11.

And for the vision past 50 years, this corner of Wiltshire

:25:12.:25:15.

The most expensive pair of trainers have been been unveiled in New York.

:25:16.:25:19.

Designed by luxury brand Bicion and Mache Customs,

:25:20.:25:21.

they have gone on sale to raise money for charity Soles4Souls.

:25:22.:25:24.

The shoes features several hundred carats of tailor made white diamond

:25:25.:25:26.

pieces and blue sapphires set in gold.

:25:27.:25:28.

They even come with a solid gold price tag.

:25:29.:25:30.

just in case your children ask for a period of those, you can get in

:25:31.:25:58.

touch with me and plenty more on the website. Goodbye.

:25:59.:26:05.

Good evening. Not much change to the weather for tomorrow but today we

:26:06.:26:15.

had quite a few showers and tomorrow one or two once again but it will

:26:16.:26:17.

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