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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox.
The headlines - making the treacherous journey
We have an exclusive report on the African migrants
who are making a desperate journey in search of a better life.
The chance to succeed as 20% and the chance to be killed is a deeper
sent. -- 80%. President Hollande drops plans
to strip French nationality from people convicted
of terrorism offences. And Myanmar swears
in a new president - the country's first civilian leader
in more than half a century. Hello and welcome
to World News Today. We begin with an exclusive report
on Europe's migrant crisis. The Italian coastguard says it has
rescued 1,400 people from the water Many more have drowned in the last
two years trying to cross from Libya, and its a perilous
journey of up to 6 days across the Sahara, in extreme
temperatures just to get there. The jumping-off point
for the desert trek is Agadez, in Niger - which it's thought
100,000 people passed Our West Africa correspondent
Thomas Fessy sent this report. This is where the long road through
the Sahara begins, in the desert of Niger. They have come from all over
the West and Central Africa with one goal, a better life in Europe. And
so off they go tonight, adrift in an ocean of stand, clinging to their
dreams. Some of them may not survive the extreme heat when the sun comes
up, others may be left behind by smugglers, but there will be no
rescue mission. A rear stop on this perilous journey. Most of the
migrants have left countries with few jobs and limited prospects. This
is the alternative. Young men but also teenage girls and children.
Some like Samuel have fled war. I have to take the risk, you know when
you want to achieve something you have to take risks, so that is why I
prefer to go to Europe. Willing to risk your life? It is God who has
been the last word. I must make it for my family. Migration is big
business in the Sahara, there will be officials and soldiers to brave
and militia today. For the smugglers, nothing is more
lucrative. We charge different prices depending on where they come
from but on average the ride to the border costs more than $200. We have
only been here for a couple of hours and have seen dozens of these
pick-up trucks, hundreds of migrants, and there will be hundreds
more tonight. Borders are being tightened in Europe but how do you
stop this? Just a few miles down the road more migrants are preparing to
set. The ancient trading Post, home to smugglers and traffickers for
centuries, a transit hub where migrants dreaming of a new life
crossed paths with those returning to their old lives. These migrants
have turned around defeated and destitute. They were starved or
during the journey or they are going home. They have failed. 28-year-old
James from Liberia wanted to study computing in Italy. He took great
risks to reach the coast. But the state of the boat used to cross the
Mediterranean terrified him. Very much afraid to get on the boat
because people tell you the boat is good, you go and within three hours,
they are all lies. The chance to succeed is 20%, the chance to be
killed is 80% and the chance to terrorise, 100%. Food each migrants
backtracking towards the home country, another pick-up truck
loaded with dozens more is already speeding through the desert. The
exodus continues. The United States military has
announced plans to station thousands of extra troops in eastern Europe,
in response to what it has labelled From early next year,
NATO forces in Eastern Europe The deployment is the most
significant US reinforcement of NATO since the tensions with Moscow
increased over the Ukraine crisis. A typical US armoured brigade has
four and a half thousand soldiers. The US European command says they'll
be conducting military exercises Is this a return to the cold war?
Three are amid a grades in Europe would have a hard job stopping
Russia if it was seriously intent in the rolling westwards. The crisis in
Ukraine sent a shock wave through needle especially those with a clear
memory of Soviet power. Ever since that crisis, the Americans and other
allies have been sending small numbers of official equipment to
Europe and mounting routine and almost permanent exercises, some
large but mostly small-scale in Poland and the Baltic republics.
There has been a need felt by the Americans to bolster the resident
combat power. There are currently two US army brigades in Europe, one
is your board and sold relatively light and the other is a so-called
strike brigade. What the Americans are now proposing is to put in from
2017 and armoured Brigade saw tanks and heavy infantry, 500 or so
personnel. That's brigade will stay in Europe for some nine months and
come over what it's still fit modern equipment and when it is finished it
will return to the native states and be replaced by another brigade with
its own equipment. Not only will more sets of American troops get
experience operating in Europe but the equipment will be significantly
modernised. And the Russian response? The Russians clearly not
happy. They have pointed with a little justification saying that
Nato and Russia agreed to not build more permanent bases. And of course
that is semi-suspended in the wake of the crisis. It insists they are
not permanent bases because the troops and the armoured brigade will
be rotated, so they are not absolutely permanent, like setting
up a base with the same trips they have for extended periods. A lot of
people might argue that as an academic distinction but the
Americans want to reassure their allies and send a clear message to
Moscow that they Nato alliance is in business and willing to defend its
interests. They also want to push other allies to do more than one of
the interesting things is that a number of Nato countries are
spending that little bit more on defence so it is not a new world
war. It is not a return to the cold war as was, but it is an attempt by
needle to show Russia it means serious business and we shouldn't
perhaps try to think about encroaching into the Baltic
republics. President Francois Hollande says
he's dropping plans to strip French nationality from people convicted
of terrorism offences. The change to the constitution
was proposed in the wake of November's attacks in Paris,
but the plan has caused deep divisions within Mr
Hollande's Socialist party. He says it's now being set aside
in the face of opposition For more on this let's speak
to our correspondent in Pairs, All that supports for President
Hollande in the immediate aftermath seems to have the Lindo Wing? It has
completely dissipated and back then he called the Houses of Parliament
together this and made a big speech, National unity was the watchword,
and part of his response, Security response, was this measure, to make
it possible for by National is, people with two nationalities, to
have their French nationalities stepped away from them if they were
convicted of terrorist attacks. It was broadly supported and in the
heat of the moment everyone was for it can be left forgot that this was
a measure that actually the far right has been calling for four
years. The left remembered that in the weeks that followed and as time
went by, more people on the left of the Socialist party and for the left
began to see this as against our basic principles and by doing this
you are creating two types of French citizens, French citizenship and
people with French and something else and they will be treated
differently and that is not free and it is against our idea of
universality of right, and as the weeks went by, and it is a sign of
President Hollande's diminishing responsibility, that the left got
more and more willing to take him on. The Justice Minister resigned,
so President Hollande wrote back and change the vet and the Wright said,
we don't like this either, so the whole thing in the end meant he had
alienating the left and the right sort has all come to an ignominious
close. Thank you. Now a look at some of
the day's other news. It's emerged that the jihadists
who attacked Brussels last week had photographs and building plans
of the office and residence of the Belgian Prime
Minister, Charles Michel. They were found on a computer
belonging to one of the suicide bombers who blew himself
up inside the airport. A Portuguese branch of the Anonymous
hacking collective says it's shut down around two dozen Angolan
government websites. It is currently impossible to access
many of the sites listed In a statement on Facebook,
the hackers said it was because of the jailing of 17 Angolan youth
activists who were found guilty Less than four months
after his appointment, Gary Neville has been sacked
as manager of Spannish football team The former England and Manchester
United captain had overseen a string of disappointing results that left
the team 14th in La Liga. An Egyptian man accused of hijacking
an Egypt Air plane yesterday has Seif Eldin Mustafa forced the plane
to divert hundreds of miles by wearing what later turned out
to be a fake suicide belt. All 56 passengers and crew
were eventually freed. Just a glimpse of the man accused
of this bizarre hijacking before The hearing was brief and he didn't
speak but as he was driven away, The suspect presented today before
the court and he will stay Today we learned a bit more
about the personal motivations of Seif al-Din Mustafa as he caused
a domestic Egyptian flight to be He says he was desperate
to see his estranged Cypriot wife Emotions ran high at Cairo airport
as passengers and crew of Flight MS181 were reunited
with their friends and family. Others didn't feel
threatened by the hijacker. And he told only nothing
will happen, so... The suicide belt was found to be
fake but that wasn't clear when this On the right is Ben Innis from Leeds
who is now famous, This guy was so cool,
he's a British guy. He asked him to take a picture
and he took the picture. There are enquiries into how
the alleged hijacker got through airport checks,
apparently with fake explosives Controls at Egypt's airports
were heavily criticised after last year's deadly bombing of a Russian
plane, but Egyptian officials say they handled the latest
incident correctly. Yesterday's hijacking ended
dramatically, ultimately, with no one harmed but it
has left concerns about The Syrian army's recent successes
will help accelerate a political settlement, according
to President Assad. He told Russian media
that the conflict has cost his country more
than $200 billion - But there has also
been a human cost. After five years of civil war,
some parts of Syria are in ruins, and the biggest city,
Aleppo, has seen widescale Our International Correspondent Ian
Pannell has been covering the story from the beginning and caught up
with a doctor he first met in 2012. You may find some of the images
disturbing in his report. On a cold winter night in 2012 we
crossed into Syria and this is what we saw. A popular uprising that
would eventually turn to war. It was a movement built on the call for
democracy and dignity, fuelled by decades of Fiat and brutal
repression. The Assad regime responded with an iron fist and
protest as were attacked and killed. The bloodshed had begun. We
witnessed those who called for changes take up arms. Weapons were
smuggled in as a new rebel force emerged.
By the summer of 2012 the revolution had become a civil war. We saw
street battles rage as the death toll rose. Under fire and under
pressure, the regime unleashed ever greater firepower.
Civilians in Syria have pleaded for foreign help for five years but
instead they got foreign meddling. There are countless villains in this
war. Terrible crimes against humanity. But there have also been
many heroes, those who have risked everything to help others. Above
all, the medics of Syria. We met this doctor in a front line hospital
in Aleppo, a young trauma surgeon who had been held and tortured by
the regime for doing his job but they didn't stop working round the
clock to help the growing influx of casualties. The hospital also became
home to his family. They played here but also witnessed the full horrors
of this war. This is where their childhood came to an end. For years
on. No safe, living in Germany, but far from well. The sounds and
screams of Aleppo haunt them all. The children talk of severed limbs
and death. Doesn't he was all you just surviving here rather than
leading? -- leading? The most important for me now, the
children. The children must learn, must be educated and must live far
from bombing, from fear. They need to live normal lives. But this isn't
normal. Like many refugees, he may be here but his heart isn't. This is
what is left of his home today. Aleppo five years after the
revolution began. Syria's largest city, whole districts abandoned.
Perhaps this ceasefire will hold but now one will forget what happened
here and many won't forget. -- forgive.
The BBC has obtained a draft bill that suggests that a special
position is, being created in the new Burmese government
for former political prisoner Aung San Suu Kyi.
The bill would create the position of "Advisor to the State"
with a broad mandate similar to a Prime Minister.
The revelation comes as Myanmar's first civilian leader in more
than half a century has been sworn in.
Those waiting for change in Myanmar have had to be patient.
Five months after a historic election, and after decades
of military rule, this was the day that the Burmese army
For Aung San Suu Kyi, this is the culmination of a long
journey from house arrests and detention
she's about to be the leader of Myanmar's first civilian
The Constitution bars her from taking that job
because her sons are British, not Burmese.
So she shows a close friend, Htin Kyaw.
And watched on as he was sworn in as the country's first elected
civilian president in more than 50 years.
A short while later it was the turn of the ministers, including Miss Suu
She will control the energy, education and foreign affairs
portfolios as well as having a seat in the President's office.
Much now rests on whether she can work with an army that still wields
We are very happy, this is an auspicious day,
Someone who has been chosen by the people has been sworn in,
The end of 50 years of military rule.
It is going to be a challenging time ahead but it is remarkable we've got
Most people two or three years ago would not have imagined
At the outgoing President's house there was a ceremonial handover.
Myanmar is not yet a democracy and faces many serious challenges.
But when Thein Sein first took office five years ago,
Jonah Fisher, BBC News, in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.
50 years ago, visitors to Longleat House in the west
of England were invited to drive their own cars among
In that moment the Safari Park was born.
Since then millions have come face to face with lions,
tigers and rhinos, John Maguire reports.
We are about to go and feed the lions and tigers but luckily this is
lying proof! Isn't it? Suddenly I feel like Daniel about to enter the
lions den but first it is Tiger sign. Twice a week we feed them and
they chased us. The chase is important because it is replicating
chasing the prey. Who ordered the romp? Fell at stake? When they first
come running up to the back of the vehicle they let the lips and fix
you with huge unblinking eyes. You wonder whether that is that meet or
this week they are more interested in. A fantastic site.
This all started when the aristocrat met the man from the big top.
Lord Bath had Longleat and Jimmy Chipperfield
What followed was the creation of the world's first safari park.
Next we are heading across the lake to meet one of the park's oldest and
most distinguished residents who enjoys watching television. It was
something people brought over for him when he had to do a quarantine
period and he had to stay in the house for six months. We had heard
some people had used it with chimpanzees and pacified them so we
tried it and it worked really well and never took it away! And his
favourite programme, wildlife documentaries. Among the history and
the splendour of the house, I meet validate whose husband was a local
vet back in 1966. He had never looked after an exotic and knew
virtually nothing but that was how he dealt with it because the inside
of a lion is only a larger version of a cat. Two of Longleat's longest
serving staff Shearer 70 years of experience and remember simpler
times. We are still working on fencing now. It is like the Forth
Road Bridge, it never stops. And that is how it was first place. The
lions were originally in an old railway shed but now they have
proper indoor shed. It is amazing, with technology, we need to use
things now. We used to have meters to read the ultraviolet and laser
thermometers that can do how warm the soil is and how these guys did
back then I have no idea but that is how it has progressed.
The original vision for Longleat was to bring Africa to England.
And for the vision past 50 years, this corner of Wiltshire
The most expensive pair of trainers have been been unveiled in New York.
Designed by luxury brand Bicion and Mache Customs,
they have gone on sale to raise money for charity Soles4Souls.
The shoes features several hundred carats of tailor made white diamond
pieces and blue sapphires set in gold.
They even come with a solid gold price tag.
just in case your children ask for a period of those, you can get in
touch with me and plenty more on the website. Goodbye.
Good evening. Not much change to the weather for tomorrow but today we
had quite a few showers and tomorrow one or two once again but it will