31/03/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Lebo Diseko.


The headlines: 18 people die and more than 100 are feared trapped


in the rubble as a flyover collapses in central Kolkata.


Rescue efforts are continuing into the night - reports speak


The architect Dame Zaha Hadid - who designed the Aquatic Centre


for the 2012 London Olympics - has died at the age of 65.


Police and protestors clash on the streets of Paris,


during a demonstration against proposals to reform labour laws.


Calls for the South African president Jacob Zuma to stand down,


after he's ordered to repay millions of dollars of public money,


which he'd spent on his private ranch.


And we find out how genetic testing is helping scientist develop better


And the West Indians have reached the final of the world T20


competition. Hello and welcome


to World News Today - Rescue workers in the Indian city


of Kolkata have been using their bare hands


to try to save dozens of people feared trapped


when a flyover collapsed. Police say at least 18 people


died when the structure, which was still under


construction, caved in. The flyover had become shelter


to the many people who lived and slept under it -


some of them labourers working That's why so many people


were trapped when it collapsed The accident took place


in an area near Girish Park, one of Kolkata's most densely


populated neighbourhoods, Witnesses say more than 150 could be


trapped under the rubble. A manager behind the construction


of the two kilometre long flyover has said the accident


was an 'act of God'. But it adds to a lengthening list


of such disasters in the country - caused by an industry plagued


with safety issues such as lack of inspections and the use


of substandard materials. This is normally one


of Kolkata's busiest areas. Shoppers had been


heading to the city's largest markets at midday


when the flyover collapsed. Some escaped, but eyewitnesses


say that many are still Loved ones are coming


here desperately seeking information as to what has happened


to their relatives. The police are at times having


to use wooden sticks to move them away as they try and get more


and more equipment into this area, and every minute, more ambulances


are leaving the scene, The Army is now leading


the rescue operations. They are using thermal


cameras to try and find those missing and cranes


to remove the rubble, but progress is slow


and many locals have described the initial


response as uncoordinated. For the first few hours,


volunteers used their bare hands to try and move its huge slabs


of concrete which had people buried This rescue operation


will continue into the night, as one of India's largest cities


tries to deal with what one local politician has called


a monumental tragedy. The prominent British architect,


Dame Zaha Hadid has died Dame Zaha, who was born in Iraq,


was best known for designs such as the London Aquatics Centre,


and was the first woman to be awarded the prestigious


Royal Institute of British She had contracted bronchitis


earlier this week and suffered a heart attack while being treated


in hospital in Miami. She is a reporter for the BBC


World Service but has also studied Architecture and was


inspired by Zaha Hadid. Tell me, just give us an idea of why


she was so respected and so influential. Well, at least to me,


Zaha Hadid was bold, confident, unexpected, and these are the


qualities that you can clearly see in her buildings and designs. And


most importantly, she was a visionary. She had a vision and she


geared to imagine, something that a lot of us forget to do in today's


aid, whether we are architects, designers, this is something she did


and she produces fantastic works and not only was she one of the best and


most influential architects in the world she was also an influential


and great architect. You said to me that when you are studying


architecture here, you would make sure you would go to any lectures


when she was there presenting. Why did you have to be there? Well, for


me she was an inspiration. As a person and her work. First of all, I


would like to talk about her buildings because that is what she


did. She designed these incredible buildings that were curved and


really reflected her background in mathematics. And she worked with


this great team that helped create all of these organic, amazing shapes


that really, to me, reflected today's age, today's age of movement


and technology and she always used the latest technologies to create


her shoes and buildings and everything else. It was just nice to


see how she rings all of this, she thinks so outside of the box and


brings her imagination to life. It was just amazing to be in her


presence. As a person, she was very inspiring because she came from a


middle Eastern background and I am from the area myself and not just to


a lot of other female architects that I met, she proved that no


matter what obstacles you have or where you come from, you don't


just... It is not enough just to be good but you can be great. Only if


you put yourself to it and apply yourself and be brave and imagine.


You state she inspired you as a woman and many other woman as well


because she may not have liked that kind of pigeonholing. No, she would


not have liked it. If she was here right now, she would argue that she


is not a female architects but an architect. And she was great at


that. She left me and a lot of other women with that impression. Not only


did she inspire women like myself, she inspired many other people from


other different backgrounds that would probably think they wouldn't


be able to succeed because nobody else has done before. But she went


there and she did it and she became an inspiration to me, not as woman


like me but to people like me who may think the world does not really


have a place for them because nobody has done it. She knew what you


wanted and she went there and she got it. OK. It is great to have you


with us. I am afraid we are out of time. Thank you very much.


Demonstrators have clashed with police in several cities


across France during protests over new reforms to the labour law.


The French government, led by President Francois Hollande,


has been trying to push through changes designed to boost


job-creation, but the proposed reforms have faced stiff opposition


from both the public and some in the President's


For an electorate that often says it wants change, the messages can


sometimes be hard to unravel. Unemployment here is running at more


than 10%. The economy comes top of many voter's concerns. But the


Government has proposed a solution that is not proving popular. In


several towns across France, police fired tear gas in a bid to stop


students pelting them with stones. Dozens have been arrested. The


proposed reforms will make it easier for companies to negotiate over time


and other terms with their employees and make it easier for them to lay


off workers. In the hope of encouraging them to create more


jobs. It will give us more comfort in recruiting. We need to know that


we have some flexibility when workload drops to be able to reduce


staff. We haven't done that yet but it is an important issue for us. But


union representatives say that lay-offs have already been happening


and that workers need more protection, not less. TRANSLATION:


The reality is that it it is already easy for companies to lay off their


workers. Take a look at the job cuts that are passed as a conventional


rupture. The number of these ruptures has gone through the roof


but it was meant to be a tool for employees who wished to leave their


company, but in fact it allows for companies to get rid of their


workers or the small company boss already has all the tools to cut


jobs easily. Today's demonstrations were the less Denny 's series of


protests designed to block the reforms. Hundreds of thousands are


thought to have marched against the bill in dozens of towns and cities.


The Government has already watered down some of its proposals, but says


it will not be forced to drop them. TRANSLATION: We have had this high


unemployment level for the past 30 years. It is necessary that people


expressed their worries. Some trade unions are using the right to be on


strike and demonstrate and it it's legitimate. It is also legitimate


that the youth express their exasperation, but concerning the


protests today, there are many different calls for protests. There


is exasperation on topics other than the liberal reform. There is not a


united front from the trade unions demonstrating today. President


Francois Hollande is keen to show he can deliver real change before


France chooses a new leader in a year. He has failed not to run


unless unemployment falls. But the prospect of a healthier economy is


much easier to sell than the medicine prescribed to get there.


Croatia and Bosnia say the acquittal of the ultra-nationalist Serb


He was found not guilty on all counts of alleged war crimes


and crimes against humanity, related to the Balkan


His spokesman says he is now planning to sue the tribunal.


It has been one of the great courtroom


13 years since Vojislav Seselj surrendered to the Hague


tribunal, finally, the day of judgment had arrived.


Though the defendant himself was absent on health grounds.


TRANSLATION: Relating to crimes against humanity,


the court reached a majority verdict concluding that the accusation


was not proven beyond all reasonable doubt that


a generalised or systematic attack was launched on the non-Serb


civilian population in the vast majority of Croatia and Bosnia.


The evidence submitted and considered in fact establishes


that there was an armed conflict between


enemy military forces with civilian components.


The prosecutor, in the opinion of the majority, has


not shown to the judge a picture which clearly shows that civilians


were targeted en masse, even though they did not take part


It meant vindication for the radical party leader.


The poster says he is a winner and his party is running in next


month's general election in Serbia, but Mr Seselj is no


longer the populist firebrand of the 1990s.


He has become a marginal figure in a country moving


TRANSLATION: Vojislav Seselj today is not even remotely the same


as the old Seselj before he went to the Hague tribunal.


Today, he's the leader of a party which will probably reach


the election threshold and enter parliament.


In public life, he is, I would say, one of the weakest


That is reflected in low attendance at campaign rallies.


The ultranationalist line no longer appeals to many Serbians.


They have seen where it led them in the 1990s


and the verdict of the Hague is unlikely to produce a political


revival for Mr Seselj and his allies.


With me is Tim Judah, Balkans correspondent


Thank you for joining us. What is your reaction to the decision? Well,


I think shock, really. Having been a correspondent who covered the events


on the ground and having listened to the judgment and read the verdict,


it just seems completely baffling. For example, it says here that the


prosecution failed to prove beyond all reasonable doubt that there was


a widespread and systematic attack on the non-Serb population of Serbia


and Bosnia and names the areas including Sarajevo. And it just


seems incredible considering all the previous trials have found exactly


that and then to suggest that people who fled, they were provided with


buses, and it suggests here that they were provided on humanitarian


grounds and it is just bizarre. So what is the rationale? For


acquitting him of all nine counts? Well, there were several counts but


what they have said is that he recruited a paramilitary force,


which is undisputed bull, but they agree with his argument that once he


had recruited the paramilitaries, your nose possibility because then


they came under the orders of the Yugoslav army and the army of the


Bosnian Serbs and the Croatian Serbs. This was a way of galvanising


the troops but he didn't necessarily mean that he actually meant that


people should be killed or murdered, which just flies in the face of


everything that we saw and heard in that period. He is now planning to


try and sue. What does this say? About the legitimacy of the


try and sue. What does this say? tribunal? The tribunal is clearly in


trouble because it has had a period of ups and downs and now no one can


really understand what are the criteria for being found guilty. For


example, a week ago, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs who had been


indicted on 11 counts was convicted on ten of them, including genocide,


but before that we had a series of indictments, three Croatian


generals, one Kosovar, who were found guilty but then they were


acquitted on appeal, so it seems like the bar for proving guilt seems


to be moving around. So no one really knows what it is that you


have got to have done to have been found guilty. Very briefly, in terms


of attempts to heal both regionally with countries in the region. What


do you think this judgment is going to do that? Either absolutely


nothing or set it back. I suspect it will do absolutely nothing. It has


been great to have you with us. Unfortunately, we have run out of


time, but thank you. A car bomb near a bus terminal


in the Turkish city of Diyarbakir has killed at least seven policemen


and wounded 14 other A source in the security forces says


the target was a minibus carrying against the banned Kurdish militant


group the PKK. Speaking in Washington,


President Recep Tayyip Erdogan denounced those who carried out


the attack and said the militants were acting out of desperation


as they had been cornered. Now a look at some of


the day's other news. Belgian authorities say the only


surviving suspect in the Paris The Belgian public prosecutor's


office said the transfer was possible as Abdeslam had agreed


to co-operate with France. He was arrested earlier this month


in Brussels after four months But after last week's suicide


bombings in Brussels, he then exercised his


right to silence. President Obama's held discussions


about North Korea's nuclear programme with the leaders


of Japan and South Korea. Meeting on the sidelines


of a Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, they agreed


to strengthen co-operation. The summit is to try and tackle


nuclear smuggling and prevent nuclear terrorism,


but Russia is not attending. The Hungarian Nobel Literature Prize


winner Imre Kertesz has died at the age of 86


in Budapest after a long illness. The writer was deeply affected


by the years he endured as a teenager in Nazi death camps,


and drew on the experience His most famous novel, Fateless,


depicts a boy's life in one Cricket's World Twenty20 Final


will take place in Kolkata on Sunday India were beaten a short while ago


in a thrilling semi-final in Mumbai - losing by seven wickets


to the West Indies, Thank you for coming up for us. They


will not be in the final but India will consider this a success in


terms of the tournament as a whole? Not really. If you talk to the fans,


many thought that India had a very good chance of winning the


tournament this time around. They had a good team in place, they had


some very good players who were performing well, and the biggest


factor in their favour was that the tournament was happening in India,


is that gives them an advantage against other teams, so the fans are


disappointed, people are disappointed because most thought


that India where the favourites to win today and also win the


tournament and that is why it will not be seen as a huge success. It


must be a devastating mood there where you are. Tell us what people


have been saying to you. Out on the streets, outside the stadium before


the match started, people were excited, but when the match was


ending, a lot of people were watching the match outside in bars


and restaurants and everyone thought in the end that India would win but


they didn't. It was clear they were dejected and disappointed because


more. Even when the West Indies were batting very well that India would


win the match in the end but that did not happen. The fans are


disappointed. Usually what happens is that India wins the match and you


find people on the street celebrating and that is not the case


today. The streets are empty, deserted, everyone has gone back on.


I would usually be cheering on -- people would usually be cheering on


one of the West Indies players. Many thought that when he left, they


would have the edge, but they maintained the tempo and the


temperament but he was lucky because he got out twice and he was ruled


not out because of April ball and that gave him a chance to prove his


innings. Many commentators will tell you that that that was the turning


point of the match. That really cost him the match from an Indian point


of view but he batted really well, no doubt. So presumably, you would


be watching Sunday's final. How are you going to manage? Well, it is


going to be exciting because you have two good teams in the final.


Most people before the finals they would think that England and West


Indies would be playing the finals. People expected India and New


Zealand to be playing the finals. That has not happened so clearly far


a neutral audience point of view it is going to be an exciting match


because in London looking really good but then you have the West


Indies, you can never pull them out so it will be a very interesting


clash and cricket is always note to draw up interesting matches so you


will have a huge crowd turning up to watch the finals. OK. Thank you.


The US military has told Congress that it will release about a dozen


two, as yet unnamed, countries that have agreed


The process will start in the next few days.


There are ninety one inmates at the prison,


which President Obama wants to close before he leaves office.


South Africa's two main opposition parties are calling


for the president Jacob Zuma to resign.


That's after the country's highest court issued a damning ruling,


over millions of dollars of taxpayers money spent


The constitutional court said President Zuma ignored the findings


of an official anti-corruption watchdog in 2014, which orderedhim


The improvements his house in Nkandla include a swimming pool,


The South African government has said President Zuma will reflect


All the president was required to do was to comply.


Arguably he did, but only with the directive to report


The president thus failed to uphold, defend and respect the constitution


Our correspondent Milton Nkosi has been getting reaction from outside


We are outside the Constitutional court


It is the highest court in the land where a


ruling which was pretty damning against President Jacob Zuma has


because the judge said that President Jacob Zuma


We welcome the authority of the Constitutional Court.


We celebrate that in fact it has ruled itself and given a declarative


order on the powers of the protector.


What needs to happen today is that we must now impeach


President Zuma for having failed to protect our


Constitution, for violating it and in fact acting


against the powers of the public protector and without fail


for defrauding the people of South Africa of millions of rands.


And now, as they say, after all this drama,


the ball is in the ANC's court, the party which President Zuma


Now, they have a few options available to them.


They can either follow the impeachment


process which has now been started by the opposition and vote


against their own president in Parliament or they can recall


the president, as they did in 2008, when they


recalled former president Thabo Mbeki.


The other option, of course, is just to stick it out and keep


Last month, a gorilla was born at Bristol Zoo


What was special about her delivery was that it happened


Staff say she's doing well, and has been given


The Zoo said we could take our cameras to film her,


Lindsay looks like any proud mum, carrying a newborn through the park.


This is a seven-week old baby western lowland gorilla,


And it was on a Friday last month that she was born in a rare


emergency Cesarean after her mum suddenly became unwell.


Until mum is fully recovered she needs to be hand reared by staff


That even means taking her home with them at night.


Lindsay told me she sleeps with Afia downstairs while her husband and two


Might watch a little bit of telly, make a cup of tea, but I'm always


aware of feeds and getting sleep in between those feeds,


just like when you have young babies at home.


Zookeepers say the priority is to get Afia back with her gorilla


family where the public can see her, but that could take months.


If her real mum can't bring her up than her aunty is said to be


But in the meantime, she has Lindsay.


A runaway parrot has turned an Australian Reporter into an


international celebrity after a happened as before a live report. I


can't get it off me. Can you please get it off me? It is not funny. It


is not funny. As you saw from her rather panicked reaction there, the


live news reporter was less than pleased with her surprise guest and


the cameraman's rather slow reaction. Our very concerned owner


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