03/04/2016 World News Today


03/04/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:07.

A massive leak of confidential data from a law firm in Panama reveals

:00:08.:00:15.

how the world's richest use tax havens to hide their wealth.

:00:16.:00:19.

The secret papers reveal how a close friend of Vladimir Putin owned

:00:20.:00:22.

companies that benefited from suspicious deals.

:00:23.:00:32.

Staff at Brussels airport applaud the first flight to take off from

:00:33.:00:38.

the airport since suicide bombers destroyed the departure hall and

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killed 16 people 12 days ago. And in cricket, the West Indies men

:00:41.:00:43.

and women are champions A leak of 11 million confidential

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documents from a Panamanian law firm have revealed the extent

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to which the world's rich and powerful use tax havens

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to hide their wealth. The documents - which the BBC

:01:06.:01:08.

has had access to - show how a law firm helped

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clients launder money, Among the papers, suspicious deals

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involving a close friend The firm - called Mossack Fonseca -

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says it's operated beyond reproach for 40 years, and has never been

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accused or charged with wrong-doing. Here's our Special

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Correspondent Richard Bilton. Panama's carnival attracts visitors

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from around the world. But away from the lights this place

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is a thriving tax haven. Investors come to

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Panama for secrecy. You can go to Panama and you can get

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a foundation or a trust or a tobacco company and you can use those

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complex, strange structures to hide or disguise ownership

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or control of assets. An enormous leak of files

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from the company Mossack Fonseca From outside it looks

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like a respectable company, but this is a business which has

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helped people from around The documents were leaked to German

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newspaper Suddeutsche Zeitung with the international consortium

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of investigative journalists. Panorama has been

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analysing the documents. We found links to 72 current

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or former heads of state. Like the Icelandic Prime Minister

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Sigmundur Gunnlaugsson. He had a secret stake

:02:46.:02:49.

in an offshore company. The company held his wife's

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interests in Iceland's banks worth Nobody knew that, when her husband

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was dealing with the Icelandic banks Including the British demands

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for compensation Gunnlaugsson is today facing calls

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for his resignation, He walked out when questioned by an

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Icelandic reporter. Gunnlaugsson is today facing calls

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for his resignation, but he says he has not broken any

:03:29.:03:30.

rules and his wife did not benefit Mossack Fonseca said the services

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they provide are commonly used worldwide and they are responsible

:03:35.:03:42.

members of the global financial But some of the deals

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in the files are extraordinary. We believe we have found

:03:45.:03:54.

a billion-dollar laundering This man, cellist Sergei Roldugin,

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close friend of President Putin, was officially the owner of two

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secretive companies which benefited For example, an offshore company

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borrows $6 million. Three months later the loan

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is written off, for just $1. Why would anyone want to give

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all this cash to a cellist? There is nothing I've seen

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which would make me do anything other than say stop,

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we need to investigate very To you, does it look

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like money-laundering? Sergei Roldugin has not

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answered our questions, and Mossack Fonseca say they have

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a strong compliance record. Through the leak, the world can now

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see more clearly how the wealthy can Earlier I spoke to Gerard Ryle,

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from the International Consortium He led the investigation so I asked

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him how it was undertaken. The revelations here are global.

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What we have done is pulled together a global team of journalists, more

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than 370 journalists from more than 70 countries. We have had more than

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100 media organisations join us. As we have gone through, we all help

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each other put together the pieces. Everything we are seeing has major

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public interest. How long did it take you? It has been more than a

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year since we first got word from the German newspaper, Suddeutsche

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Zeitung, that first got hold of these documents. They contacted us

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to put together the international team. We have been working together

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for more than a year now. How do you begin deciphering the information

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you are looking at? It's piecemeal. You have to look at what sat public

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interest and what's not of public interest. We focused on, is the

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public interest things we seemed in the documents, and we have applied

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that tests to everything we have done. Can you talk about the process

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of looking through very completed information. What we are doing and

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specialising in in the last couple of years is using technology in ways

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that have never been used before in journalism. We have about half of my

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staff, they are computer engineers and data specialists, and we are

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pulling together tools that help journalists analyse very complicated

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structures and documents like this. In the big issue of offshore

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banking, is this about secrecy? For me, the whole offshore world

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basically has one product, and that is secrecy. When you have secrecy,

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you have the potential for wrongdoing. I should point out that

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not everyone who uses the offshore world is engaged in wrongdoing, but

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where you have secrecy you have that potential. Do you expect this

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investigation to lead to any changes? What we are seeing in the

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documents is the offshore world is reacting to crack downs on secrecy.

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Every time a new rule is brought in, for instance in Europe or the UK,

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the world is changing and adapting, and people are doing it in different

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ways and by staying in the law. Flights have resumed from Brussels

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airport is two weeks after suicide bombers killed 16 people. Staff

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applauded the first of three fights to take off today but authorities

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have warned it could be months before services are fully restored.

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James Reynolds is in Brussels and gave us more details. It was a

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symbolic moment and there was a moment of silence before the airport

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reopens to remember the victims. When the first flight took off, a

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flight to Portugal run by Brussels airlines, there was even scattered

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applause on the ground, people happy to see the airport reopened. The

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first flight left 25 minutes early. Only two more flights scheduled from

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the airport and they also left early, to Italy and Greece. That's

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it for the first day of operations, but there are plenty of new security

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measures here. When you drive up to the airport you are now met by

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soldiers and police officers. They are armed, they look at the cars,

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and cameras check the license plates. If they are happy because

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can proceed to the terminal building along the road. There is then a new

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ID security check for passengers and then they will be allowed into the

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terminal building. Those procedures have been put in place since the

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attacks on March 22. Do we know when the airport will fully reopen after

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the extensive damage done during attacks? It will be a gradual

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process. Three flights took off today. We understand more than 20

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flights are scheduled on Monday. The airport hopes to get back to full

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capacity of operating more than 500 flights in and out every day by the

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end of June when there is the huge rush for school holidays. It was ill

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have to sort out some of the damage in the building and test some of its

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procedures, that it will try to get back to where it was by the end of

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June. -- it will still have to do. The captain and crew of the EgyptAir

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flight which was hijacked and diverted to Cyrpus last month,

:09:50.:09:52.

have spoken out about their ordeal. Flight 181 was forced to land

:09:53.:09:55.

in Larnaca in Cyprus when Egyptian national Seif al-Din Mustafa

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allegedly threatened to blow It later transpired that he was

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wearing a fake explosives belt. All passengers and crew

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were released unharmed Authorities say the hijacker

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was motivated by a feud with his former wife, rather

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than anything terrorism related. Crew member Hazim Nagi has described

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the moment the hijacker TRANSLATION: The hijacker came

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to the back of the plane He opened his shirt

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and showed me the belt. He showed me a button and said

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if he pushed it the whole plane would explode

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with everyone on it. The crew knew something was up

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when I went to talk to the pilot To be honest, the crew

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gave me strength And here's what the captain

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on the plane had to say TRANSLATION: You have to always

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think of every eventuality I don't want to make

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myself out to be a hero, but our training, which was given

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to us by EgyptAir through the International Aviation

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Authority, is what we were able to apply to a great extent

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through the situation. The World Anti-Doping Agency,

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has described newspaper allegations of drug-taking among elite

:11:06.:11:07.

British sports stars, The comments come after a doctor's

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been filmed claiming to have provided performance enhancing drugs

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to top sports stars, including players at three

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Premier league clubs Dr Mark Bonar has denied any

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wrongdoing, but it's emerged tonight that he currently doesn't

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have a licence to practice medicine The football clubs say the claims

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are completely unfounded, and have no knowledge of any

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of their players being involved. Obviously, some of these

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treatments used are banned Having said that, I have worked

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with lots of professional athletes Dr Mark Bonar, caught claiming

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to have helped scores of sports Secretly filmed by the Sunday Times

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last year, the London-based medic prescribes banned performance

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enhancing drugs to an athlete posing If somebody came into me and said

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why are you giving me BLEEP I can say, look, his testosterone

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level is 15. The normal range is for - 30, and he has symptoms of

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testosterone deficiency syndrome. His levels are suboptimal and I have

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topped him up. The reason is to

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improve performance. Bonar says he has worked with 150

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elite sports people, including boxers, an England

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cricketer, tennis players, Britsh cyclists and Premier

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League footballers. If you are a footballer in your 30s,

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how are you going to keep up There is no suggestion that any

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of the three Premier League clubs implicated were aware

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of any of the wrongdoing. They say the claims are false and

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without foundation. Leicester City is one

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of those clubs, and today, fans at the match against

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Southampton gave their reaction. You would not want to be

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paying to see a sport There is so much money in the game,

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never say never, but as things stand they have not found anything

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and we have got to continue and enjoy what we see

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in front of us. The newspaper investigation stems

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from evidence passed to the UK Anti-Doping Aagency two years ago

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by a whistle-blower athlete. It said it failed to act at the time

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because Mark Bonar was not governed They decided not to pass the case

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on to the General Medical Council. The Culture, Media and Sport

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Secretary John Whittingdale said he was shocked and deeply concerned

:13:54.:13:55.

by these allegations and has asked for an urgent independent

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investigation. He added doping could be made

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a criminal offence for athletes. I welcome the fact there will be

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an investigation into UK anti-doping and the way it operates,

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and if that leads to more robust procedures being put in place,

:14:10.:14:12.

more funding put in place, and hopefully at some stage, maybe

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leading towards the criminlisation of steroid use in sports,

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all that is positive. His conduct is currently the

:14:21.:14:30.

investigation of an by the GMC. Today, Mark Bonar's clinic

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terminated its agreement with him when it was revealed he does not

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currently have a license In response to the

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allegations Bonar said... These are

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unsubstantiated allegations. Investigators will treat them with

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caution until they are presented But they do raise questions

:14:55.:14:56.

about those tasked with protecting clean sport and the fear will be

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that amid a doping crisis, this could just be evidence

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that the range of sports afflicted The suspicion currently hanging over

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the integrity of sport shows little Stay with us on BBC

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World News, still to come: That is it, the moment the West

:15:15.:15:35.

Indies have won the game. The BBC's Justin Rowlatt will take is through

:15:36.:15:42.

the fans reaction to the West Indies stunning T20 victory.

:15:43.:15:44.

Police are investigating death threats made against a human rights

:15:45.:15:47.

lawyer, who spoke out after the murder

:15:48.:15:48.

Aamer Anwar who lives in the city, said he received the threats,

:15:49.:15:53.

after calling for unity within Scotland's Muslim community.

:15:54.:15:56.

The funeral took place yesterday of Asad Shah,

:15:57.:15:59.

A man has appeared in court charged with murder.

:16:00.:16:05.

Eighteen people have been injured after a train that was pulling

:16:06.:16:08.

into Plymouth station crashed into another train that

:16:09.:16:11.

Devon and Cornwall police said there had been a "low impact

:16:12.:16:17.

At least one person has been taken to hospital,

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Police are warning people not to use Santander cash machines

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in Lancashire, as they say security has been compromised.

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In the last few days, customers across the county have

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reported seeing suspicious devices on the bank's machines,

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which it's feared are used by criminals to steal

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The latest headlines... A massively cough confidential data from a law

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firm in -- a massive leak of confidential data from a law firm in

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Panama has revealed... Greek coastguards have rescued

:17:08.:17:15.

a boat full of people off the island of Lesbos - less than 24 hours

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before Greece is due to begin returning people who have no claim

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to asylum back to Turkey. The returns are a key part

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of an agreement between the EU and Turkey aimed at stemming

:17:27.:17:29.

the flow of migrants From Lesbos, Sarah Rainsford

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sent this report. Every day hundreds of refugees

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and migrants arrive Few know yet that their state

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in Europe could be brief. I met Rada and her

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family from Damascus. She told me she wants

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to join her eldest son in Sweden and she is full

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of smiles and hope. But from tomorrow migrants

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will be sent back from here across the sea

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as the new EU deal with Turkey We have some dreams. Just across the

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harbour, a Turkish ferry is already in place for the deportations.

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Greece says the first ago will be those who have not claimed asylum.

:18:22.:18:26.

But at the camp were all migrants are now detained, there is little

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information about what is planned, only rumours. Men, women and

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children are crammed in here. They are worried and confused. When I

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found her again, she was distraught. Her family are sleeping in the open

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here, and as for requesting asylum, she doesn't even know what that is.

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You don't look so happy as you did yesterday?

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Not happy, all the time she's crying.

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This morning, though, brought new exhausted arrivals.

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Boats like this are still coming in every single day here to Greece.

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People being helped to shore by the volunteers.

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Starting to smile, some of them, as they finally realise

:19:13.:19:15.

Whatever the politicians have agreed it's clear there are still plenty

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of people willing to make this journey hoping they can move

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From tomorrow tough new rules could deter them. The EU says it's about

:19:23.:19:38.

ensuring safe new ways to ensure asylum. For the people here, the is

:19:39.:19:40.

slamming shut. A train has derailed near

:19:41.:19:45.

Philadelphia on the United States east coast, killing two

:19:46.:19:48.

people and injuring 35. The train, with more than 340

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passengers and seven crew members, The train hit something

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and there were three or four really big bangs and it threw us off

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the chairs, the seats Everybody was yelling

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and the train stopped. And then later on everyone

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was running to the front. All the conductors, and the people

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in the front of the train It's been an exciting day for the

:20:19.:20:39.

West Indies. There will be wild celebrations for fans of West Indies

:20:40.:20:42.

cricket as they secured a double at the world Twenty20 in India winning

:20:43.:20:46.

both the men's and women's competitions. The women were

:20:47.:20:49.

convincing winners over Australia, but the men's matchup against

:20:50.:20:53.

England went right down to the wire. England set a rather underwhelming

:20:54.:20:58.

topics of 156, helped by 54 from Joe Root, but an excellent fielding

:20:59.:21:03.

session from Eoin Morgan's side left the West Indies with 19 from the

:21:04.:21:08.

last over. But Carlos Brathwaite hit what role sixes from the last four

:21:09.:21:12.

balls to leave England with a devastating defeat.

:21:13.:21:14.

Leicester City went seven points clear at the top

:21:15.:21:17.

thanks to a 1-0 victory at home to Southampton.

:21:18.:21:20.

It was a nervy performance after the international break,

:21:21.:21:22.

with captain Wes Morgan heading the winner in the first-half.

:21:23.:21:24.

But with six games to go it's Leicester's 4th straight 1-0 win.

:21:25.:21:34.

It's another good step, another three points and another clean

:21:35.:21:41.

sheet. One match less until the end. It was a normal match. We waited for

:21:42.:21:47.

this kind of match, they played five at the back and wanted to close all

:21:48.:21:51.

the space, but we found the space to score a goal. They had a fantastic

:21:52.:21:57.

chance in the first half, but we worked so well. We did everything in

:21:58.:22:04.

the second half. We had the substitutes to play even more

:22:05.:22:08.

offensively. They have some good chances to kill the game after the

:22:09.:22:13.

1-0. I think our start of the game was not good enough. That after

:22:14.:22:19.

that, we came back into the game and had good chances to score. -- but

:22:20.:22:24.

after that. They had fantastic defending in all the crosses in the

:22:25.:22:29.

second half. Still, you have some key moments in the game. And it's a

:22:30.:22:31.

different game then. Louis van Gaal's Manchester United

:22:32.:22:33.

gave their hopes of Champions League qualification a boost

:22:34.:22:36.

by beating Everton 1-0 at Old Trafford thanks

:22:37.:22:38.

to a second-half winner from France It means United are now one point

:22:39.:22:40.

behind 4th-placed Manchester City. It was very tight. Everton play very

:22:41.:22:55.

good football and have great quality players in the midfield, quick

:22:56.:22:58.

wingers and a very good striker. We knew it was difficult to beat them,

:22:59.:23:03.

but we started very well in the second-half and we scored earlier

:23:04.:23:07.

than them, and that was the difference. After the goal it's

:23:08.:23:10.

easier to play because they open up more of the pitch and there are more

:23:11.:23:14.

spaces to try to create more and we had a few more chances to score. At

:23:15.:23:20.

the end, 1-0 was enough. Disappointing to come to Old

:23:21.:23:22.

Trafford and perform in the manner that we did, if you look at the two

:23:23.:23:27.

teams, the performances were very level. We ended up losing the game.

:23:28.:23:31.

When you do that, you should never end up losing. If you can't win, you

:23:32.:23:34.

certainly shouldn't lose. There was another win

:23:35.:23:35.

for Mercedes in Formula One - and again the driver on top

:23:36.:23:38.

was Germany's Nico Rosberg. He made it two wins from two this

:23:39.:23:42.

season at the Bahrain Grand Prix, finishing ahead of Ferarri's Kimi

:23:43.:23:46.

Raikonnen and team-mate The key was the start. I got a great

:23:47.:23:55.

getaway. From then on I was trying to control the pace, but very happy

:23:56.:23:59.

with today. Awesome to get another win.

:24:00.:24:01.

There were wins for both world champions in cycling's

:24:02.:24:03.

Slovakia's Peter Sagan took the men's race for the first time

:24:04.:24:09.

It came right down to the last few metres in the women's race though.

:24:10.:24:16.

With the chasing pack closing in on them, world champion

:24:17.:24:19.

Lizzie Armitstead of Britain outsprinted Emma

:24:20.:24:20.

But there was less than half a wheel in it.

:24:21.:24:23.

It's her first win here - one better than her second place

:24:24.:24:26.

More on that stunning win for the West Indies. We were at the stadium

:24:27.:24:39.

in Kolkata. That's it, the moment the West Indies have won the game,

:24:40.:24:44.

and what a game. It literally could not have been any closer. Let's see

:24:45.:24:50.

what the fans think. FIREWORKS I had given up hope in the last

:24:51.:24:55.

over, I said England have it. I was shaking. I started to congratulate.

:24:56.:25:02.

He was congratulating them on the win. I reminded him that cricket was

:25:03.:25:06.

a game of glorious uncertainties, never over until it's over.

:25:07.:25:11.

Unbelievable emotion at the end, four sixes in a row. England did an

:25:12.:25:15.

incredible job through the tournament, great young team, credit

:25:16.:25:19.

to the country, and the West Indies had something incredible they could

:25:20.:25:22.

pull out of the bag when they needed to. It was crazy. You thought you

:25:23.:25:29.

had won the game, didn't you. Yes, but in Twenty20 cricket you can

:25:30.:25:32.

never tell. How did it feel in the final over? It was gutting, to be

:25:33.:25:40.

honest. It was awesome, very good. Do you think any of the team could

:25:41.:25:45.

have pulled it out of the bag? Only New Zealand. Apart from New Zealand!

:25:46.:25:50.

Congratulations to the west Indies team. Goodbye from us on the world

:25:51.:25:55.

news team.

:25:56.:25:58.

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