02/04/2016 World News Today


02/04/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:07.

Turkey insists that it will be ready to handle an increase in migrants

:00:08.:00:14.

But amid protests against the plan our correspondent finds there's

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Here, they are saying, not in my backyard and that no preparations

:00:25.:00:36.

have been made for those who will be sent back here.

:00:37.:00:38.

Brussels Airport prepares to reopen - almost two weeks

:00:39.:00:40.

after being attacked by suicide bombers.

:00:41.:00:41.

We'll explain why a flare up in fighting in a disputed region

:00:42.:00:44.

of the Caucuses is making people so worried.

:00:45.:00:52.

Tottenham Hotspur close the gap on leaders Leicester

:00:53.:00:55.

in the English Premier League, but can only manage a draw

:00:56.:00:58.

We see into the Pakistan's tea houses that are dominated by men,

:00:59.:01:03.

There are concerns that neither Greece or Turkey are properly

:01:04.:01:20.

prepared to begin the return of migrants from the Greek Islands

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The deportations follow a EU agreement to try and stem the flow

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of migrants into Europe from Syria and elsewhere.Our Correspondent Mark

:01:31.:01:35.

Lowen has been to the town of Dikili in turkey where there

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They came with a message of defiance. We don't want the migrants

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back! The Turkish town of Dikili will see the first batch arrived on

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Monday, deported from Lesbos. But locals object to any camp and have

:02:03.:02:10.

vowed to resist. Here is a beautiful place, in Turkey. When they come

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here, we are not in peaceful, because of this, we are here. And

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they don't belong to year. They don't belong to Turkey.

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TRANSLATION: . Our children feel uneasy. They can

:02:25.:02:32.

take them somewhere else, we don't want them here. A burst of

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patriotism, with talk of defending Turkey from another migrant influx.

:02:40.:02:44.

The authorities say they will only stay in Dikili temporarily, before

:02:45.:02:49.

being moved on. But that is not calming tempers. Patients with the

:02:50.:02:53.

migrant crisis is wearing thin. Turkey already hosts 2.5 million

:02:54.:02:58.

refugees, more than any other country. But here they are saying is

:02:59.:03:02.

not in my backyard and that no preparations have been made for

:03:03.:03:06.

those who will be sent back here. So where will the migrants be sent? It

:03:07.:03:11.

was thought a registration centre could be set up in this spot. But no

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sign. Once they are back, human rights group are concerned about how

:03:18.:03:21.

they will be treated. Many Syrians already here work illegally, 500 of

:03:22.:03:28.

the poorest eking out a living picking fruit. It's a sign of the

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crisis Turkey faces even before tens of thousands more are deported from

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Europe. There will be thousands sent back with the beautician --

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readmission agreement. From the east there will be more people and we

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already hosting a huge number of people. It will be difficult for

:03:49.:03:54.

Turkey to cope with this crisis. On Turkey's long post, boats part

:03:55.:04:00.

with traces of dreams left behind. Those who depart believe it is a

:04:01.:04:04.

one-way ticket to safety and a new life. But Europe's doors have

:04:05.:04:09.

closed. They are heading back to Turkey, even if it not ready.

:04:10.:04:13.

Five Turkish soldiers and one special forces police officer have

:04:14.:04:15.

been killed in a bomb attack in the south east of the country,

:04:16.:04:19.

province has been blamed on Kurdish militants, according

:04:20.:04:26.

The members of the security forces were carrying out a military

:04:27.:04:30.

operation when a bomb left by militants from

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Kurdistan Workers Party was detonated, it said.

:04:34.:04:38.

Officials at Brussels Airport say it could take several months before

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Zaventem will partially re-open for three flights on Sunday

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after a suicide attack forced it shut nearly two weeks ago.

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The chief executive of the airport said there would be security

:04:53.:04:55.

screening for all passengers before they arrive at the check-in.

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A restart of the operations, even only partially, as quick as this, is

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a sign of hope. It shows our strength will and our strength to

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reservists and not to let others down. I want to thank every member

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of our airport community and all departments involved who have made

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this possible. As of tomorrow, Sunday, Brussels airport should be

:05:30.:05:34.

partially operational. We should receive the official authorisation

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to start today. We have 3% of flights to start tomorrow, by

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Brussels airlines. So how much impact will the changes

:05:42.:05:43.

have on passengers - here's our correspondent

:05:44.:05:46.

in Brussels, James Reynolds They will not be able to go by bus

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or train to the airport. They will have to go by taxi or by car. When

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they get there, they will have to go through temporary security

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procedures and also greater procedures. We are still trying to

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understand when and where they will be checked and what will happen to

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their luggage. But clearly the airport feels confident enough to

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offer the promises to passengers on those flights that they will be

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checked properly and their flights will take off. It is a test day for

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Brussels airport and a day that the CEO said is a sign of hope.

:06:28.:06:36.

Police removed dozens of demonstrators from the main square.

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And there was a number of far right demonstrators trying to stage a

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demonstration in the Molenbeek district which has a history of

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Islamist activity. The police then had a confrontation with locals,

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mostly of North African origin, who gathered.

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At least thirty people are reported to have been killed in clashes

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between troops from Azerbaijan and Armenia in the Caucasus region

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Its parliament voted to join Armenia, when the Soviet Union

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Both sides blame each other for the outbreak of fighting,

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which is said to involve tanks, helicopters and artillery.

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Richard Kauzlarich is former US Ambassador to Azerbaijan.

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What has caused this latest escalation? Thank you. This is a

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surprise to the extent that nobody expected this intense series of

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exchanges. The worst that have been taking place since the ceasefire was

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imposed in 1994. Tell us why this region is so strategically

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important? It is to GDP important because it sits astride

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geographically the intersection of both Russian and European interests.

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-- it is strategically important. It is important for Europe and the

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global economy. But there is a long-standing conflict that had been

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frozen since 1994 and it has suddenly taken a turn for the worse.

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The tragic loss of several dozen lives puts us now into a situation

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where we have to worry about how to bring the two parties to the

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negotiating table. Azerbaijan seems to have had this history, as you

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describe. You were an ambassador at a crucial time, tell us your

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experience? I arrived shortly before the ceasefire was in place and my

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wife and I took a trip outside the front lines where we saw the

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refugees from the fighting. Azerbaijanis who had lived during

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the Soviet period and had an uneasy relationship with the Armenian

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neighbours. And when the fighting took place they work pretty... So

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after 1994, while there has been a ceasefire, there have been

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exchanges, military exchanges between Armenia and Azerbaijan, but

:09:21.:09:24.

not on the intensity that we have seen in recent days. Thank you very

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much for being with us. The Syrian Army says it has

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discovered a mass grave with around 40 bodies in the city of Palmyra

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according to state run media. The city was recaptured

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by government forces last sunday from the so called

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Islamic State group. Our Middle East editor Alan Johnston

:09:40.:09:41.

has more on the grim discoveries that have come to light

:09:42.:09:44.

since the city was recaptured. Now that the city has been

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recaptured, they are getting a much fuller picture of what happened to

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the people of Palmyra under IS rule. The Syrian army says this mass grave

:10:10.:10:16.

contained local militiamen, and offices in the Army. Tragically it

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seems that some of their civilian relatives were also in the mass

:10:21.:10:25.

graves including three children. Some of the victims were shot, some

:10:26.:10:31.

were beheaded. Sadly, none of this is any kind of surprise. Soon after

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IS took over Palmeiro, we heard that they were killing dozens of people.

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-- Palmyra. We heard that five men when -- made to kneel on a stage in

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the Roman amphitheatre and then executed. Given that that sort of

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thing was going on, it was entirely possible that more mass graves are

:10:55.:11:00.

to be found. It has been almost a week since the

:11:01.:11:05.

city was recaptured. Journalists are saying the city is deserted, where

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are they? It is possible that there were very few civilians left as the

:11:10.:11:14.

battle for the city raged. But we are hearing that a number of

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civilians left with the IS fighters as they retreated, as they

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retreated, we don't know if any of them went willingly but it has to be

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a real possibility that they were forced to go. That they are virtual

:11:31.:11:34.

captives now, a possibility that they are in real danger. But

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meanwhile, the city itself has been basically completely destroyed. The

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fighting may have stopped, but it is obviously going to be a long long

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time before anything like normal life returns to Palmyra. This is a

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major clue for the Syrian army. Momentum on President Assad's side.

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Where does the fight go from here? Losing this city was a hammer blow

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to I S. This was a city with a cultural heritage, the world was

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interested in Palmyra, and at the same time, it is a city in the

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centre of an oil producing area so IS will revenue. It also means,

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strategically, that the Syrian government can think about

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exercising more control. It is a jumping off point for the Syrian

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government to launch other attacks on IS. It IS has to be worried that

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this combination of forces, the Syrian army and the Russian air

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force, might eventually focus on the IS strong gold and judging by what

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happened in Palmyra, it might be hard for IS to hold one eventually.

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Stay with us on BBC World News, still to come:

:12:57.:13:05.

The threat of nuclear terrorism remains and is evolving. That is the

:13:06.:13:13.

word from leaders on the last day of the nuclear Security summit in

:13:14.:13:14.

Washington. The UK steel industry is appealing

:13:15.:13:16.

for the government to step in after China imposed

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new import tariffs on steel It comes as thousands

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of steelworkers at the Tata plant in Port Talbot face redundancy

:13:21.:13:24.

after a decision by its Indian owners to sell their loss-making

:13:25.:13:26.

British factories. We are talking about a sector that

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is a foundation, that feeds into a number of key supply chains.

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Aerospace, defence, construction. We also need to remember that we are

:13:46.:13:49.

talking about thousands and thousands of jobs. 15,000 people

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work for Tata Steel. Are we prepared to sacrifice all of those jobs so we

:13:56.:14:00.

don't upset the Chinese? I don't think so. I think we have a strong

:14:01.:14:04.

relationship with China but they also need to point out that this is

:14:05.:14:10.

unfair trading. It is dumping steel and the global market in an unfair

:14:11.:14:12.

way, below the cost of production. There have been processed in Turkey

:14:13.:14:31.

as the country and sets it is ready to accept migrants from Europe.

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it may take at least three months for all flights to resume

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following last month's suicide attacks.

:14:39.:14:43.

Well, staying on the subject of the so called Islamic State -

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President Obama has warned that the possibility of the group

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obtaining a nuclear weapon is "one of the greatest threats

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Speaking at the end of a Nuclear Security Summit

:14:52.:14:54.

in Washington, he insisted that concrete steps must be taken

:14:55.:14:57.

This was President Obama's last big push for global nuclear security.

:14:58.:15:08.

But the threat of nuclear terrorism loomed

:15:09.:15:10.

The Brussels attacks focused the minds

:15:11.:15:14.

of the more than 50 world leaders here, with growing concerns

:15:15.:15:18.

It is claimed the group has already used

:15:19.:15:22.

chemical weapons in Syria and in Iraq.

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There is no doubt that if these madmen ever got their hands

:15:27.:15:29.

on a nuclear bomb or nuclear material,

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they most certainly would use it to kill as many innocent

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That's why our work here remains so critical.

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The single most effective defence against

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nuclear terrorism is fully securing this material so it doesn't fall

:15:44.:15:47.

into the wrong hands in the first place.

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More conventional threats were also on the agenda,

:15:51.:15:52.

especially North Korea's continued testing of

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It defiantly fired a missile during the Washington

:15:56.:16:00.

summit but blamed the United States for the tensions on the

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United States is trying to turn white into black,

:16:04.:16:09.

describing as if the countermeasures taken by the government of Korea

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They said that it is a threat and a provocation.

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Much will depend on the attitude of China's president,

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Xi Jinping, North Korea's closest ally.

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He was urged by Barack Obama to increase the pressure on Pyongyang.

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The meetings wound up with announcements of new steps

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to secure or reduce nuclear stockpiles but

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a key player, Russia's president, Vladimir Putin, was missing

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from the family photo because of current political

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tensions, a stark reminder of the summit's limits.

:16:45.:16:48.

President Obama began these high-level meetings six

:16:49.:16:50.

years ago to tackle the threat of nuclear material that could be

:16:51.:16:53.

Much has been accomplished but not enough and with

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the rise of groups like Islamic State, the fear of nuclear

:16:59.:17:00.

We start with the return of the Premier League

:17:01.:17:20.

Tottenham have closed the gap on Leicester.

:17:21.:17:24.

The game between Liverpool and Tottenham has finished

:17:25.:17:26.

Liverpool took the lead shortly after half time

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Harry Kane cemented his pedigree with 26 league goals this season.

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That is something no other Spurs player has managed

:17:46.:17:48.

It is difficult for the teams to get points.

:17:49.:17:59.

It is important today we show that we are ambitious

:18:00.:18:01.

In a difficult stadium at Anfield against

:18:02.:18:07.

Liverpool, we showed that we deserve to be in the place that we are.

:18:08.:18:10.

It was an open game, a little bit wild.

:18:11.:18:12.

brilliant attitude and both trying to win.

:18:13.:18:15.

Now, after five minutes, talking, it seems a deserved draw.

:18:16.:18:34.

Rafael Benitez says his Newcastle side still have a chance. Despite a

:18:35.:18:42.

last-minute defeat to Norwich. Alex Neil's side took a huge three

:18:43.:18:45.

points with Martin Olsson scoring a 93rd-minute winner to send

:18:46.:18:47.

the Carrow Road fans crazy. Norwich led twice but Newcastle

:18:48.:18:50.

striker Alexandr Mitrovic equalised on two occasions before

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Olsson's late winner. Today was a pity. We conceded after

:18:53.:19:05.

the last minute in the first half -- second half. We had control of the

:19:06.:19:09.

game and then I'm disappointed because I felt the team was working

:19:10.:19:15.

hard and not enough to win the game. I told them that we have seven games

:19:16.:19:19.

to play and we have to keep working hard and pushing.

:19:20.:19:21.

Also today there were comfortable 4-0 wins for Arsenal,

:19:22.:19:31.

Swansea came from two down to draw at Stoke.

:19:32.:19:34.

It was goalless between Sunderland and West Brom.

:19:35.:19:36.

Ten-man West Ham came from a goal down twice to draw 2-2

:19:37.:19:39.

Is the biggest game in Spain, the biggest in the world. Al Classico

:19:40.:19:51.

between Real Madrid and Barcelona, is drawing to a close. With

:19:52.:19:56.

thousands of fans in the stadium before kick-off, there was a tribute

:19:57.:20:03.

to yell Crawford died last week. Barcelona went in front ten minutes

:20:04.:20:07.

into the second half. Then Karen Benzema fired in eight minutes

:20:08.:20:14.

later. Cristiano Ronaldo gave his team a 2-1 lead.

:20:15.:20:19.

Formula One's new qualifying format still hasn't managed to shake up

:20:20.:20:22.

the established order after Lewis Hamilton claimed pole

:20:23.:20:24.

The world champion broke the lap record

:20:25.:20:27.

at the Bahrain circuit to beat his Mercedes team mate

:20:28.:20:29.

Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel was third to produce a repeat of the top three

:20:30.:20:34.

qualifying result from the first round of the season.

:20:35.:20:36.

Throughout qualifying, you do a lap and it

:20:37.:20:40.

So to actually pull it all together is actually

:20:41.:20:47.

And it actually even more of a pressured lap.

:20:48.:20:58.

I had to improve even more than I did the lap

:20:59.:21:01.

England's Catton says that England have to embrace the atmosphere.

:21:02.:21:26.

We are realistic, it will not be a normal game. Even in the semifinals

:21:27.:21:30.

there was a lot of hype around the expectation about playing in the

:21:31.:21:35.

final. I want all our players to embrace it. Tomorrow, everything

:21:36.:21:39.

will feel rushed to start with. It is important that we are in a good

:21:40.:21:43.

frame of mind to slow things down when needed and execute our skills.

:21:44.:21:49.

Even before we played West Indies in the group stages, I was firm in

:21:50.:21:52.

saying that Chris Gayle was not just the West Indies team. It is

:21:53.:22:02.

important that when you are playing against good size, you don't focus

:22:03.:22:05.

on one or two players, it is everybody, everybody can hurt you.

:22:06.:22:07.

India game, everybody witnessed that. Play with them over the years,

:22:08.:22:10.

I have understood them, what makes them tick. How to relate to them in

:22:11.:22:16.

different situations. This comes with experience. So if you could

:22:17.:22:21.

see, this tournament I have not really done anything apart from

:22:22.:22:26.

leading them out there on the field. They are so experienced, I'm letting

:22:27.:22:29.

them go out and express themselves because T20 is about expressing

:22:30.:22:35.

yourself. And to confirm, Barcelona defeated

:22:36.:22:38.

by Real Madrid in Spain. That's all the sport for now.

:22:39.:22:45.

Like many aspects of life in Pakistan, tea houses

:22:46.:22:47.

But a group of women in Karachi has decided to challenge the tradition -

:22:48.:22:52.

simply by visiting the cafes to socialise.

:22:53.:22:53.

Their actions are starting to inspire other women to follow

:22:54.:22:56.

suit - as Shaimaa Khalil found out when she joined them...

:22:57.:23:04.

A typical Karachi afternoon in a traditional teahouse, or dhaba.

:23:05.:23:06.

This is one of the most popular hangouts in Pakistan.

:23:07.:23:10.

And while there isn't a "men only" sign here,

:23:11.:23:21.

it is socially understood that these teahouses are run

:23:22.:23:26.

A group of women have now started a movement to change that.

:23:27.:23:38.

Deep down, I think, why can't I negotiate my way in public in

:23:39.:23:46.

Karachi? It should be okayed to do so. I feel like the more I venture

:23:47.:23:51.

out and I am not afraid, then other people -- other women will want to

:23:52.:23:53.

do so. You can see why this

:23:54.:23:57.

is not a normal thing, and is not a traditional thing,

:23:58.:23:59.

because all around us is the men who hang

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out in these places. You know, being bussed from one

:24:03.:24:04.

private space to another to another, kind

:24:05.:24:13.

of got sick of that. And then you see the shared

:24:14.:24:15.

camaraderie of men at the dhabas, I mean, I think it is important,

:24:16.:24:17.

because, you know, like, it is this idea that

:24:18.:24:24.

as we step out in the world, as women, we have to become

:24:25.:24:27.

smaller, and kind of reduce in size So to sit and be, like, OK,

:24:28.:24:30.

I am very comfortable in my skin, I am OK with people staring,

:24:31.:24:35.

that is completely taking ownership of your city, your body,

:24:36.:24:39.

how you negotiate with that. This is something that really took

:24:40.:24:46.

off when you started posting We received a lot of photos that

:24:47.:24:48.

spoke for themselves, from other countries,

:24:49.:24:53.

from India, from Nepal. We have been overwhelmed in some

:24:54.:24:58.

ways. It shows that it does

:24:59.:25:12.

resonate with people. The best part is that

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a lot of girls were like, oh, my God, you made us think

:25:15.:25:17.

so differently about our place in the world, that

:25:18.:25:20.

we feel empowered. Shaimaa Khalil there,

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talking to two female members of one Now feathers have been flying

:25:28.:25:29.

across the world today...That's That's

:25:30.:25:37.

because it's International Battles taking place in more

:25:38.:25:39.

than 100 cities, including Taipei, It's one way to release a bit

:25:40.:25:42.

of stress, but it looks exhausting. The events is into its seventh

:25:43.:25:47.

year and was inspired by the Urban Playground movement

:25:48.:25:50.

which aims to get people interacting

:25:51.:25:53.

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