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This is BBC World News Today with me, Phillipa Thomas.
Our top story: the first schoolgirl has been be rescued after the mass
She's already telling rescuers most of the other young women
from Chibok are alive - two years after an outraged world
The BBC gets extraordinary evidence of crime and disorder inside
presidents as the Government promises the most radical overhaul
since Victorian times. The Chibok virus could spread to Europe this
summer. The World Health Organisation tells us about the hot
spots. And recognition for the British
songwriters penning songs for the biggest global stars
in music - we'll bring you more The Nigerian army has confirmed that
one of the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped by the insurgent group
Boko Haram has been found - the first to be
rescued in two years. More than 200 girls were kidnapped
by militants from a boarding school in the north-east
of the country in 2014. Will Ross has been monitoring
developments and sent this report. One of the 200 schoolgirls
kidnapped by Boko Haram Activists confirmed to the BBC
that Amina Ali was found by a vigilante group,
close to the border with Cameroon. If confirmed, she'll be the first
of the schoolgirls to be found At last, some good news
for the relatives in Chibok. Members of the civilian joint task
force operating in the local government area have rescued one
of the kidnapped Chibok schoolgirls. The local TV station announcing that
one of the missing schoolgirls Initial reports say a civilian
vigilante group found her with a young baby in a remote area
of north-east Borno state. The group doing their normal patrol
discovered one girl and she is one Everyone in Chibok identified her,
even the parents and the leaders. I am absolutely certain
because this is coming directly from our people who are affected
and they will never lie. This is the boarding school
from where 276 schoolgirls They were taken at night
and loaded onto trucks. They were driven off
into the forest. A small number escaped soon
after capture, but 219 The schoolgirls were seized by this
jihadist group, Boko Haram, who have been trying
to establish an Islamic State. The brutal group has killed
thousands of people and abducted hundreds of people from towns
and villages right There have been brief glimpses
of the missing Chibok students. The last was this video,
believed to have been made last A small group of missing students
stated their names and confirmed The Nigerian military has put out
a statement saying its troops rescued one female student
near a town. Having been heavily criticised
for failing to locate the missing students, they will be keen to tell
the world they helped save her life. The mass abductions sparked a global
campaign and the hashtag bring No one could understand how so many
girls could go missing For one family, the torturous wait
is now finally over. The great hope is that more
relatives will be reunited I am joined now by a Nigerian human
rights advocate and founder of the charity women of Africa. The BBC
brought this news to you today. Wonderful news. It is so wonderful.
We know it is a small game but it gives us hope and also it gives us
the opportunity to hope that the girls have not been used as suicide
bombers, so hopefully the other children, girls will come home and
we are looking forward to it. For me, it is a huge, huge victory
because the loss of the Chibok girls has represented a big sore in the
consciousness of my nation and of my generation because we could not keep
our children safe. That is what it meant. You mention the possibility
that the girls had been used as suicide bombers. We also worried
that they could have been trafficked. You hardly dared to hope
that they were still in the forest. Yes, it is amazing. She has been to
a lot and it just shows the resilience of the African woman
because what they have done is they have been able to survive through
unimaginable conditions, but we are glad we have got her back and she
will now be able to tell us more about the girls who are still there.
We hear that some have died. We just hope that this will be the beginning
of something good. You are absolutely right to point out that
this mass abduction hasn't been the only abduction. So many girls and
young men have been taken as well. I did it help to have the world
focused on the problem in Nigeria with that campaign? Without it, the
bring back the girls campaigners would not have been able to stay
there and campaign. Because one of the things that we continuously
raise with the media and the BBC at the time was please keep this
pressure on because with the pressure comes the fact that the
world is watching and so those that are on the street carrying the
placards... We noticed they could be manhandled and pushed away and were
considered troublemakers, but because the media stayed on, the
world media, and world figures came involved, it became a big issue for
the Government and I am sure that we should have called for the
president, Goodluck Jonathan, to stay aside because you cannot rule
over a country when everything is melting before your hands. It meant
that the military were not able to do their job to protect the
integrity of my country. And now we have to hope that they are able to
help get back some more. Yes. We have to leave it there, but it is so
good to have you in the studio to talk about this. Thank you.
The British government is promising the biggest shakeup since Victorian
times of the prison system in England and Wales.
Its plan for radical reforms was at the heart of today's
ceremonial Queen's Speech to parliament, setting out
To start with, six prisons will be overhauled, and the BBC's Ed Thomas
has spent the last week at one of them, Wandsworth Prison.
The BBC has been given unprecedented access inside a
Over seven days, we saw the fear and violence.
If you can't defend yourself, you will become a victim.
And the prison officers pushed to the very edge.
I think I'm probably the most stressed
A prisoner has refused to go back to his cell.
inmate in the middle of all of this murdered a man in a fight.
We can't identify him, but he told us he was trapped
I've had warfare with politics in jail.
I've got sliced down the side of the face.
I said you are putting me in a predicament where I have no
alternative but to utilise violence for my safety.
They are so short-staffed here, this place can't run,
Next B wing and the smell of cannabis is everywhere.
It's overwhelming, especially up here.
And then we see it - a group smoking below us, in full
How do you feel about people smoking cannabis down there?
If you want some cannabis I can get you some.
Obviously it is not good, it defeats everything we can
You don't have to look far to find drugs in
Take Ashley, who has only just arrived.
He says all drugs are available at all times.
All I've got to do is go down to the twos,
Then there's the alcohol brewed in cells.
And the mobile phones too, all smuggled
Smartphone - several hundred quid they go for retail
This prisoner asked us not to show his
They charge you ?500 a parcel, the size
of, say, three tennis balls full of drugs,
The BBC was invited here to hear these stories, to see
the pressure from a Governor who's demanding change.
The one thing that I absolutely cannot stand, one of
the things I want to do with reform is to think very carefully about how
do we deal with those issues of corruption and what do we do to
tackle the staff bringing those drugs in.
That will deal with some of the issues you've highlighted and
But how long will this prison reform take?
The pressure inside is building now, and officers are getting hurt.
At the moment he's been the victim of an
My wife worries that I'm not going to come home.
If she could, she would have me out of the job.
Wandsworth has been Andy Toppign's life.
I believe my staff want to make a difference.
What's happening to your mental health?
I don't think people care about what's happening to my
What is happening to your mental health?
I think I'm probably the most stressed I've been
If I'm like my colleagues, I will retire and I
This prison revolution, a promise to fix broken
The World Health Organisation has warned that the Zika virus
could spread to parts of Europe in its coming summer months.
The WHO says the Black Sea coast of Russia and Georgia
and the Portuguese island of Madeira are highly like to see
The mosquito-borne disease can cause severe birth defects -
With me is our global health correspondent, Tulip Mazumdar.
Tell us more about the level of risk we're looking at here. Well, the
World Health Organisation has made an assessment and they have said the
risk to Europe is low to moderate, but with temperatures increasing,
summer is upon us and areas getting warmer, this is a condition where
the mosquito flourishes and in areas where the do find this mosquito,
these are areas where they could be cases. Madeira, the Portuguese
island, that has this type of mosquito and it is highly likely to
have cases according to the World Health Organisation in the summer.
It also pointed to 18 other countries that it described as being
moderately likely to have cases if further precautions are not taken
and those countries including France, Greece, Italy and Spain. So
what is the advice? Clearly, there is more worrying for pregnant women.
What has been learned from South and Central America as we have seen that
go through? It is important to remember that there haven't been any
local transmission of Zika in Europe so far. So this is really a flag
that is going up, saying to these countries, the summer is coming and
we know that the musty joke that carries the Zika is in some of these
countries and you need to be prepared. -- the mosquito.
Practically, but they can do is making sure they pick it up when it
happens and the World Health Organisation has said that most
countries have a very good surveillance system in place. It is
also about informing people, people knowing how to protect themselves,
wearing mosquito repellent, clearing stagnant water reading grounds of
mosquitoes, and the main concern is for pregnant women, because for most
people it is not considered a particular problem. It is this link
with babies being born with brain damage so it is really getting that
information out there and making sure that these countries are really
standing by. As you say, for most of the countries you met mention, it is
a low risk. The travel advice has not changed at all. If you're
planning on going on holiday to many of these places, the advice has not
changed, but it is just about being vigilant and just about these
countries being ready. The W H O has been accused in the past is not
taking action when it needed to. This time it is being as cautious as
it can be, making sure that every bit of precautionary advice is given
before the event rather than during worse, afterwards. The head of the
curve this time. Thank you very much.
Now a look at some of the day's other news.
French media have said that a "last testament" has been discovered
that was written by a key suspect in the Brussels bombings in March.
Mohamed Abrini, the "man in the hat" pictured at Brussels airport,
had attempted to erase the document which was found on a computer.
The text suggests he approved of November's Paris attacks
Authorities in Sri Lankan say 37 people have died in landslides in
Central Sheila Lang following torrential rain. Rescuers are still
rescuing for people who are missing. 315,000 people have been displaced
across the island. Protesters in the Venezuelan
capital, Caracas, have clashed with police after they blocked
about one thousand marching on the headquarters
of the National Electoral Council. It is one of several rallies taking
place across Venezuela, demanding a recall referendum
against President Nicolas Maduro. The Opposition blames his socialist
policies for the country's The government announced
it would take measures As a candidate, he's defied
conventional political Now in a shift from current US
foreign policy, the presumptive presidential election, Donald Trump,
has said he would be willing to talk to the North Korean leader
about his country's nuclear I would have no problem speaking to
him. At the same time, I would put a lot of pressure on China because we
have a lot of economic power over China. People do not realise that.
They are extracting billions of dollars out of our country and we
have tremendous power over China. China can solve that problem with
one meeting one phone call. Now, some extraordinary film that
might change the way The film, which is
exclusive to the BBC, shows a group of chimpanzees
mourning one of their number in ways that frankly
we would think of as "human". It happened in Zambia, at the
Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphange Trust. The ape that died
was a nine-year-old chimpanzee known to human
observers as Thomas. With me to talk about the film
is Melissa Hogenboom. Keller is a little bit more about
what you observed. It was really a remarkable discovery. The caretakers
came at the right time and saw that this chimp was lying on the ground.
It is quite a big century so it is quite rare that they could spot it
and they saw a group of chimps actually gathered around him and
touching him and prodding him and what was really remarkable was that
one of his closest companions, who was really his adoptive mother, he
was the one that kept coming back and pushing others away and touching
him. Over a period of 20 minutes, even though the caretakers were
giving other chimps food, the group of over 20 of them stood around and
appeared to be morning Thomas. Now, we have seen before mothers and
children, but what seems particularly unusual here is from
what was observed of the group it is a friend, it is a social
relationship that he has morning. Exactly. It is really the first time
they have seen in such detail that an older member of the group has
companions like that. We have seen the instances of a young infant
dying and the mother holding on to it but the group does not get
involved in the way that they have here and it really against immense
this chimpanzee society as an incredibly sociable group. They are
a social species, just like us. Their social world is really
important to them and they remember each other even when they die. We
are showing our viewers some of those pictures. You see, everybody
huddled around the body of Thomas and anyway, I suppose it says to as
we underestimate the complexity and the depth of feeling that these apes
can have. This is what I love about when I studied chimpanzees and when
I look at new insights into their behaviour. They're not that
different from ours. They are our closest cousin in the animal kingdom
and looking at their behaviour gives as a unique insight into how we
might have evolved because we split off with
them from a common ancestor over 6 million years ago, sued really gives
us a unique insight into how we got to be the social animal we are
today, and they are really not that different. And is there a lot of
interest in the world of science about what this team has been able
to observe on almost by accident? It is a very new finding, just this
month. I think there will be plenty of interest. It is the first
observation of its kind. We have seen similar behaviour in species
such as elephants and crows who also recognise their dead and it seems to
be a thing that happens to a very social animals or animals with
bigger brains do seem to rely on their social companions in their
day-to-day lives. I know that what your film is about is observing what
happens at the animals and the way that they mourn but it also says
something about the way that we treat animals, the way humans treat
the apes, I suppose, and the way we keep them. Yes, it really shows that
apes are a very social animal and we need to be aware of that when we
take care of them and this is an orphanage, this is a place where
abandoned chimps can have centuries of this is a really nice big
enclosure for these chimps who have not been able to live in a while to
adjust shows that we need to treat them with respect and give them
space and understand that they are social and/or social relationships
are so important. You can just take one chip out of the group and expect
them to do well elsewhere. You have to keep them with the people that
they love and care about because that is how the drive. Thank you so
much for coming to Doctor was about that. Exclusive footage of the
chimpanzees. A powerful earthquake has struck in
Ecuador. It follows a smaller quake which struck earlier in the date and
follows a month after the 7.8 magnitude tremor which killed more
than 750 people. This is billed as the world's
biggest ever blue Diamond which has gone on sale. It will be on sale
within the next hour at Christies in Geneva and is expected to fetch over
$40 million. They generate more than $500 million
a year, and on Thursday some of the songwriters behind Britain's
best loved tunes will be honoured for their talents
at the Ivor Novello Awards. But behind the big names,
some of the UK's lesser known writing talents are tasting
success in America, penning songs for the biggest
global stars in music. When it comes to writing hit
songs, it doesn't get Carla Marie Williams,
a youth worker from London, pursued songwriting
as a career, and it paid off. # Nothing else matters
now you're not here. When Running came out,
I was in Westfield. Someone was like, "Beyonce has
just dropped the song." I was like, "It's me!
Yay!" And then I was like,
"This is international now. Being British and clearly with
something to say, Beyonce called on Carla Marie for her
latest album, Lemonade. I think definitely
it has opened other Especially in America,
because I feel like they love what When you listen to Freedom,
and you listen to Running, the different types of song
to what maybe sometimes Last year, British songwriters made
more than ?500 million And this week, some of the best
will be honoured at the songwriting awards,
the Ivor Novello. We have fantastic music education
and also we now have a history of 50 or 60 years
of fantastic writers such as the Beatles, David Bowie, Kate Bush,
Annie Lennox, Dizzee Rascal, all of these fantastic writers,
and they act as role models for the next
generation coming up. Another Brit doing well
in America is Bradford She posted a song online
and caught the attention Now living in New York,
she has penned songs for # Waiting on that sunshine boy
I think I need that back. I feel very lucky to work
with Rhianna, to work with Madonna, to work with Alicia Keys,
because the most important feelings or thoughts or opinions I've had
that I put into music are things that they've also shared
enough to believe in it Despite their success,
80% of British songwriters are men. So creating workshops for female
newcomers is a passion for Carla Whether or not this
is about emotion, heartbreak, politics,
you know, always try to dig
a little bit deeper. Words to inspire the next
generation. But for now from me and the rest
of the team, goodbye. Hello. Each day bringing is a
different type of weather at the