18/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Phillipa Thomas.


Our top story: the first schoolgirl has been be rescued after the mass


She's already telling rescuers most of the other young women


from Chibok are alive - two years after an outraged world


The BBC gets extraordinary evidence of crime and disorder inside


presidents as the Government promises the most radical overhaul


since Victorian times. The Chibok virus could spread to Europe this


summer. The World Health Organisation tells us about the hot


spots. And recognition for the British


songwriters penning songs for the biggest global stars


in music - we'll bring you more The Nigerian army has confirmed that


one of the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped by the insurgent group


Boko Haram has been found - the first to be


rescued in two years. More than 200 girls were kidnapped


by militants from a boarding school in the north-east


of the country in 2014. Will Ross has been monitoring


developments and sent this report. One of the 200 schoolgirls


kidnapped by Boko Haram Activists confirmed to the BBC


that Amina Ali was found by a vigilante group,


close to the border with Cameroon. If confirmed, she'll be the first


of the schoolgirls to be found At last, some good news


for the relatives in Chibok. Members of the civilian joint task


force operating in the local government area have rescued one


of the kidnapped Chibok schoolgirls. The local TV station announcing that


one of the missing schoolgirls Initial reports say a civilian


vigilante group found her with a young baby in a remote area


of north-east Borno state. The group doing their normal patrol


discovered one girl and she is one Everyone in Chibok identified her,


even the parents and the leaders. I am absolutely certain


because this is coming directly from our people who are affected


and they will never lie. This is the boarding school


from where 276 schoolgirls They were taken at night


and loaded onto trucks. They were driven off


into the forest. A small number escaped soon


after capture, but 219 The schoolgirls were seized by this


jihadist group, Boko Haram, who have been trying


to establish an Islamic State. The brutal group has killed


thousands of people and abducted hundreds of people from towns


and villages right There have been brief glimpses


of the missing Chibok students. The last was this video,


believed to have been made last A small group of missing students


stated their names and confirmed The Nigerian military has put out


a statement saying its troops rescued one female student


near a town. Having been heavily criticised


for failing to locate the missing students, they will be keen to tell


the world they helped save her life. The mass abductions sparked a global


campaign and the hashtag bring No one could understand how so many


girls could go missing For one family, the torturous wait


is now finally over. The great hope is that more


relatives will be reunited I am joined now by a Nigerian human


rights advocate and founder of the charity women of Africa. The BBC


brought this news to you today. Wonderful news. It is so wonderful.


We know it is a small game but it gives us hope and also it gives us


the opportunity to hope that the girls have not been used as suicide


bombers, so hopefully the other children, girls will come home and


we are looking forward to it. For me, it is a huge, huge victory


because the loss of the Chibok girls has represented a big sore in the


consciousness of my nation and of my generation because we could not keep


our children safe. That is what it meant. You mention the possibility


that the girls had been used as suicide bombers. We also worried


that they could have been trafficked. You hardly dared to hope


that they were still in the forest. Yes, it is amazing. She has been to


a lot and it just shows the resilience of the African woman


because what they have done is they have been able to survive through


unimaginable conditions, but we are glad we have got her back and she


will now be able to tell us more about the girls who are still there.


We hear that some have died. We just hope that this will be the beginning


of something good. You are absolutely right to point out that


this mass abduction hasn't been the only abduction. So many girls and


young men have been taken as well. I did it help to have the world


focused on the problem in Nigeria with that campaign? Without it, the


bring back the girls campaigners would not have been able to stay


there and campaign. Because one of the things that we continuously


raise with the media and the BBC at the time was please keep this


pressure on because with the pressure comes the fact that the


world is watching and so those that are on the street carrying the


placards... We noticed they could be manhandled and pushed away and were


considered troublemakers, but because the media stayed on, the


world media, and world figures came involved, it became a big issue for


the Government and I am sure that we should have called for the


president, Goodluck Jonathan, to stay aside because you cannot rule


over a country when everything is melting before your hands. It meant


that the military were not able to do their job to protect the


integrity of my country. And now we have to hope that they are able to


help get back some more. Yes. We have to leave it there, but it is so


good to have you in the studio to talk about this. Thank you.


The British government is promising the biggest shakeup since Victorian


times of the prison system in England and Wales.


Its plan for radical reforms was at the heart of today's


ceremonial Queen's Speech to parliament, setting out


To start with, six prisons will be overhauled, and the BBC's Ed Thomas


has spent the last week at one of them, Wandsworth Prison.


The BBC has been given unprecedented access inside a


Over seven days, we saw the fear and violence.


If you can't defend yourself, you will become a victim.


And the prison officers pushed to the very edge.


I think I'm probably the most stressed


A prisoner has refused to go back to his cell.


inmate in the middle of all of this murdered a man in a fight.


We can't identify him, but he told us he was trapped


I've had warfare with politics in jail.


I've got sliced down the side of the face.


I said you are putting me in a predicament where I have no


alternative but to utilise violence for my safety.


They are so short-staffed here, this place can't run,


Next B wing and the smell of cannabis is everywhere.


It's overwhelming, especially up here.


And then we see it - a group smoking below us, in full


How do you feel about people smoking cannabis down there?


If you want some cannabis I can get you some.


Obviously it is not good, it defeats everything we can


You don't have to look far to find drugs in


Take Ashley, who has only just arrived.


He says all drugs are available at all times.


All I've got to do is go down to the twos,


Then there's the alcohol brewed in cells.


And the mobile phones too, all smuggled


Smartphone - several hundred quid they go for retail


This prisoner asked us not to show his


They charge you ?500 a parcel, the size


of, say, three tennis balls full of drugs,


The BBC was invited here to hear these stories, to see


the pressure from a Governor who's demanding change.


The one thing that I absolutely cannot stand, one of


the things I want to do with reform is to think very carefully about how


do we deal with those issues of corruption and what do we do to


tackle the staff bringing those drugs in.


That will deal with some of the issues you've highlighted and


But how long will this prison reform take?


The pressure inside is building now, and officers are getting hurt.


At the moment he's been the victim of an


My wife worries that I'm not going to come home.


If she could, she would have me out of the job.


Wandsworth has been Andy Toppign's life.


I believe my staff want to make a difference.


What's happening to your mental health?


I don't think people care about what's happening to my


What is happening to your mental health?


I think I'm probably the most stressed I've been


If I'm like my colleagues, I will retire and I


This prison revolution, a promise to fix broken


The World Health Organisation has warned that the Zika virus


could spread to parts of Europe in its coming summer months.


The WHO says the Black Sea coast of Russia and Georgia


and the Portuguese island of Madeira are highly like to see


The mosquito-borne disease can cause severe birth defects -


With me is our global health correspondent, Tulip Mazumdar.


Tell us more about the level of risk we're looking at here. Well, the


World Health Organisation has made an assessment and they have said the


risk to Europe is low to moderate, but with temperatures increasing,


summer is upon us and areas getting warmer, this is a condition where


the mosquito flourishes and in areas where the do find this mosquito,


these are areas where they could be cases. Madeira, the Portuguese


island, that has this type of mosquito and it is highly likely to


have cases according to the World Health Organisation in the summer.


It also pointed to 18 other countries that it described as being


moderately likely to have cases if further precautions are not taken


and those countries including France, Greece, Italy and Spain. So


what is the advice? Clearly, there is more worrying for pregnant women.


What has been learned from South and Central America as we have seen that


go through? It is important to remember that there haven't been any


local transmission of Zika in Europe so far. So this is really a flag


that is going up, saying to these countries, the summer is coming and


we know that the musty joke that carries the Zika is in some of these


countries and you need to be prepared. -- the mosquito.


Practically, but they can do is making sure they pick it up when it


happens and the World Health Organisation has said that most


countries have a very good surveillance system in place. It is


also about informing people, people knowing how to protect themselves,


wearing mosquito repellent, clearing stagnant water reading grounds of


mosquitoes, and the main concern is for pregnant women, because for most


people it is not considered a particular problem. It is this link


with babies being born with brain damage so it is really getting that


information out there and making sure that these countries are really


standing by. As you say, for most of the countries you met mention, it is


a low risk. The travel advice has not changed at all. If you're


planning on going on holiday to many of these places, the advice has not


changed, but it is just about being vigilant and just about these


countries being ready. The W H O has been accused in the past is not


taking action when it needed to. This time it is being as cautious as


it can be, making sure that every bit of precautionary advice is given


before the event rather than during worse, afterwards. The head of the


curve this time. Thank you very much.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


French media have said that a "last testament" has been discovered


that was written by a key suspect in the Brussels bombings in March.


Mohamed Abrini, the "man in the hat" pictured at Brussels airport,


had attempted to erase the document which was found on a computer.


The text suggests he approved of November's Paris attacks


Authorities in Sri Lankan say 37 people have died in landslides in


Central Sheila Lang following torrential rain. Rescuers are still


rescuing for people who are missing. 315,000 people have been displaced


across the island. Protesters in the Venezuelan


capital, Caracas, have clashed with police after they blocked


about one thousand marching on the headquarters


of the National Electoral Council. It is one of several rallies taking


place across Venezuela, demanding a recall referendum


against President Nicolas Maduro. The Opposition blames his socialist


policies for the country's The government announced


it would take measures As a candidate, he's defied


conventional political Now in a shift from current US


foreign policy, the presumptive presidential election, Donald Trump,


has said he would be willing to talk to the North Korean leader


about his country's nuclear I would have no problem speaking to


him. At the same time, I would put a lot of pressure on China because we


have a lot of economic power over China. People do not realise that.


They are extracting billions of dollars out of our country and we


have tremendous power over China. China can solve that problem with


one meeting one phone call. Now, some extraordinary film that


might change the way The film, which is


exclusive to the BBC, shows a group of chimpanzees


mourning one of their number in ways that frankly


we would think of as "human". It happened in Zambia, at the


Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphange Trust. The ape that died


was a nine-year-old chimpanzee known to human


observers as Thomas. With me to talk about the film


is Melissa Hogenboom. Keller is a little bit more about


what you observed. It was really a remarkable discovery. The caretakers


came at the right time and saw that this chimp was lying on the ground.


It is quite a big century so it is quite rare that they could spot it


and they saw a group of chimps actually gathered around him and


touching him and prodding him and what was really remarkable was that


one of his closest companions, who was really his adoptive mother, he


was the one that kept coming back and pushing others away and touching


him. Over a period of 20 minutes, even though the caretakers were


giving other chimps food, the group of over 20 of them stood around and


appeared to be morning Thomas. Now, we have seen before mothers and


children, but what seems particularly unusual here is from


what was observed of the group it is a friend, it is a social


relationship that he has morning. Exactly. It is really the first time


they have seen in such detail that an older member of the group has


companions like that. We have seen the instances of a young infant


dying and the mother holding on to it but the group does not get


involved in the way that they have here and it really against immense


this chimpanzee society as an incredibly sociable group. They are


a social species, just like us. Their social world is really


important to them and they remember each other even when they die. We


are showing our viewers some of those pictures. You see, everybody


huddled around the body of Thomas and anyway, I suppose it says to as


we underestimate the complexity and the depth of feeling that these apes


can have. This is what I love about when I studied chimpanzees and when


I look at new insights into their behaviour. They're not that


different from ours. They are our closest cousin in the animal kingdom


and looking at their behaviour gives as a unique insight into how we


might have evolved because we split off with


them from a common ancestor over 6 million years ago, sued really gives


us a unique insight into how we got to be the social animal we are


today, and they are really not that different. And is there a lot of


interest in the world of science about what this team has been able


to observe on almost by accident? It is a very new finding, just this


month. I think there will be plenty of interest. It is the first


observation of its kind. We have seen similar behaviour in species


such as elephants and crows who also recognise their dead and it seems to


be a thing that happens to a very social animals or animals with


bigger brains do seem to rely on their social companions in their


day-to-day lives. I know that what your film is about is observing what


happens at the animals and the way that they mourn but it also says


something about the way that we treat animals, the way humans treat


the apes, I suppose, and the way we keep them. Yes, it really shows that


apes are a very social animal and we need to be aware of that when we


take care of them and this is an orphanage, this is a place where


abandoned chimps can have centuries of this is a really nice big


enclosure for these chimps who have not been able to live in a while to


adjust shows that we need to treat them with respect and give them


space and understand that they are social and/or social relationships


are so important. You can just take one chip out of the group and expect


them to do well elsewhere. You have to keep them with the people that


they love and care about because that is how the drive. Thank you so


much for coming to Doctor was about that. Exclusive footage of the


chimpanzees. A powerful earthquake has struck in


Ecuador. It follows a smaller quake which struck earlier in the date and


follows a month after the 7.8 magnitude tremor which killed more


than 750 people. This is billed as the world's


biggest ever blue Diamond which has gone on sale. It will be on sale


within the next hour at Christies in Geneva and is expected to fetch over


$40 million. They generate more than $500 million


a year, and on Thursday some of the songwriters behind Britain's


best loved tunes will be honoured for their talents


at the Ivor Novello Awards. But behind the big names,


some of the UK's lesser known writing talents are tasting


success in America, penning songs for the biggest


global stars in music. When it comes to writing hit


songs, it doesn't get Carla Marie Williams,


a youth worker from London, pursued songwriting


as a career, and it paid off. # Nothing else matters


now you're not here. When Running came out,


I was in Westfield. Someone was like, "Beyonce has


just dropped the song." I was like, "It's me!


Yay!" And then I was like,


"This is international now. Being British and clearly with


something to say, Beyonce called on Carla Marie for her


latest album, Lemonade. I think definitely


it has opened other Especially in America,


because I feel like they love what When you listen to Freedom,


and you listen to Running, the different types of song


to what maybe sometimes Last year, British songwriters made


more than ?500 million And this week, some of the best


will be honoured at the songwriting awards,


the Ivor Novello. We have fantastic music education


and also we now have a history of 50 or 60 years


of fantastic writers such as the Beatles, David Bowie, Kate Bush,


Annie Lennox, Dizzee Rascal, all of these fantastic writers,


and they act as role models for the next


generation coming up. Another Brit doing well


in America is Bradford She posted a song online


and caught the attention Now living in New York,


she has penned songs for # Waiting on that sunshine boy


I think I need that back. I feel very lucky to work


with Rhianna, to work with Madonna, to work with Alicia Keys,


because the most important feelings or thoughts or opinions I've had


that I put into music are things that they've also shared


enough to believe in it Despite their success,


80% of British songwriters are men. So creating workshops for female


newcomers is a passion for Carla Whether or not this


is about emotion, heartbreak, politics,


you know, always try to dig


a little bit deeper. Words to inspire the next


generation. But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Hello. Each day bringing is a


different type of weather at the


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