18/05/2016 World News Today


18/05/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Phillipa Thomas.

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Our top story: the first schoolgirl has been be rescued after the mass

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She's already telling rescuers most of the other young women

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from Chibok are alive - two years after an outraged world

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The BBC gets extraordinary evidence of crime and disorder inside

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presidents as the Government promises the most radical overhaul

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since Victorian times. The Chibok virus could spread to Europe this

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summer. The World Health Organisation tells us about the hot

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spots. And recognition for the British

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songwriters penning songs for the biggest global stars

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in music - we'll bring you more The Nigerian army has confirmed that

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one of the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped by the insurgent group

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Boko Haram has been found - the first to be

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rescued in two years. More than 200 girls were kidnapped

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by militants from a boarding school in the north-east

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of the country in 2014. Will Ross has been monitoring

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developments and sent this report. One of the 200 schoolgirls

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kidnapped by Boko Haram Activists confirmed to the BBC

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that Amina Ali was found by a vigilante group,

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close to the border with Cameroon. If confirmed, she'll be the first

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of the schoolgirls to be found At last, some good news

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for the relatives in Chibok. Members of the civilian joint task

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force operating in the local government area have rescued one

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of the kidnapped Chibok schoolgirls. The local TV station announcing that

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one of the missing schoolgirls Initial reports say a civilian

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vigilante group found her with a young baby in a remote area

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of north-east Borno state. The group doing their normal patrol

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discovered one girl and she is one Everyone in Chibok identified her,

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even the parents and the leaders. I am absolutely certain

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because this is coming directly from our people who are affected

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and they will never lie. This is the boarding school

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from where 276 schoolgirls They were taken at night

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and loaded onto trucks. They were driven off

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into the forest. A small number escaped soon

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after capture, but 219 The schoolgirls were seized by this

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jihadist group, Boko Haram, who have been trying

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to establish an Islamic State. The brutal group has killed

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thousands of people and abducted hundreds of people from towns

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and villages right There have been brief glimpses

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of the missing Chibok students. The last was this video,

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believed to have been made last A small group of missing students

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stated their names and confirmed The Nigerian military has put out

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a statement saying its troops rescued one female student

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near a town. Having been heavily criticised

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for failing to locate the missing students, they will be keen to tell

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the world they helped save her life. The mass abductions sparked a global

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campaign and the hashtag bring No one could understand how so many

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girls could go missing For one family, the torturous wait

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is now finally over. The great hope is that more

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relatives will be reunited I am joined now by a Nigerian human

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rights advocate and founder of the charity women of Africa. The BBC

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brought this news to you today. Wonderful news. It is so wonderful.

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We know it is a small game but it gives us hope and also it gives us

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the opportunity to hope that the girls have not been used as suicide

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bombers, so hopefully the other children, girls will come home and

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we are looking forward to it. For me, it is a huge, huge victory

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because the loss of the Chibok girls has represented a big sore in the

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consciousness of my nation and of my generation because we could not keep

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our children safe. That is what it meant. You mention the possibility

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that the girls had been used as suicide bombers. We also worried

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that they could have been trafficked. You hardly dared to hope

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that they were still in the forest. Yes, it is amazing. She has been to

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a lot and it just shows the resilience of the African woman

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because what they have done is they have been able to survive through

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unimaginable conditions, but we are glad we have got her back and she

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will now be able to tell us more about the girls who are still there.

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We hear that some have died. We just hope that this will be the beginning

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of something good. You are absolutely right to point out that

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this mass abduction hasn't been the only abduction. So many girls and

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young men have been taken as well. I did it help to have the world

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focused on the problem in Nigeria with that campaign? Without it, the

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bring back the girls campaigners would not have been able to stay

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there and campaign. Because one of the things that we continuously

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raise with the media and the BBC at the time was please keep this

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pressure on because with the pressure comes the fact that the

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world is watching and so those that are on the street carrying the

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placards... We noticed they could be manhandled and pushed away and were

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considered troublemakers, but because the media stayed on, the

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world media, and world figures came involved, it became a big issue for

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the Government and I am sure that we should have called for the

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president, Goodluck Jonathan, to stay aside because you cannot rule

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over a country when everything is melting before your hands. It meant

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that the military were not able to do their job to protect the

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integrity of my country. And now we have to hope that they are able to

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help get back some more. Yes. We have to leave it there, but it is so

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good to have you in the studio to talk about this. Thank you.

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The British government is promising the biggest shakeup since Victorian

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times of the prison system in England and Wales.

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Its plan for radical reforms was at the heart of today's

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ceremonial Queen's Speech to parliament, setting out

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To start with, six prisons will be overhauled, and the BBC's Ed Thomas

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has spent the last week at one of them, Wandsworth Prison.

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The BBC has been given unprecedented access inside a

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Over seven days, we saw the fear and violence.

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If you can't defend yourself, you will become a victim.

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And the prison officers pushed to the very edge.

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I think I'm probably the most stressed

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A prisoner has refused to go back to his cell.

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inmate in the middle of all of this murdered a man in a fight.

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We can't identify him, but he told us he was trapped

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I've had warfare with politics in jail.

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I've got sliced down the side of the face.

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I said you are putting me in a predicament where I have no

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alternative but to utilise violence for my safety.

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They are so short-staffed here, this place can't run,

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Next B wing and the smell of cannabis is everywhere.

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It's overwhelming, especially up here.

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And then we see it - a group smoking below us, in full

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How do you feel about people smoking cannabis down there?

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If you want some cannabis I can get you some.

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Obviously it is not good, it defeats everything we can

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You don't have to look far to find drugs in

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Take Ashley, who has only just arrived.

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He says all drugs are available at all times.

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All I've got to do is go down to the twos,

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Then there's the alcohol brewed in cells.

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And the mobile phones too, all smuggled

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Smartphone - several hundred quid they go for retail

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This prisoner asked us not to show his

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They charge you ?500 a parcel, the size

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of, say, three tennis balls full of drugs,

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The BBC was invited here to hear these stories, to see

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the pressure from a Governor who's demanding change.

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The one thing that I absolutely cannot stand, one of

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the things I want to do with reform is to think very carefully about how

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do we deal with those issues of corruption and what do we do to

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tackle the staff bringing those drugs in.

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That will deal with some of the issues you've highlighted and

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But how long will this prison reform take?

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The pressure inside is building now, and officers are getting hurt.

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At the moment he's been the victim of an

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My wife worries that I'm not going to come home.

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If she could, she would have me out of the job.

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Wandsworth has been Andy Toppign's life.

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I believe my staff want to make a difference.

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What's happening to your mental health?

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I don't think people care about what's happening to my

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What is happening to your mental health?

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I think I'm probably the most stressed I've been

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If I'm like my colleagues, I will retire and I

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This prison revolution, a promise to fix broken

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The World Health Organisation has warned that the Zika virus

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could spread to parts of Europe in its coming summer months.

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The WHO says the Black Sea coast of Russia and Georgia

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and the Portuguese island of Madeira are highly like to see

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The mosquito-borne disease can cause severe birth defects -

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With me is our global health correspondent, Tulip Mazumdar.

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Tell us more about the level of risk we're looking at here. Well, the

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World Health Organisation has made an assessment and they have said the

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risk to Europe is low to moderate, but with temperatures increasing,

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summer is upon us and areas getting warmer, this is a condition where

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the mosquito flourishes and in areas where the do find this mosquito,

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these are areas where they could be cases. Madeira, the Portuguese

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island, that has this type of mosquito and it is highly likely to

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have cases according to the World Health Organisation in the summer.

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It also pointed to 18 other countries that it described as being

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moderately likely to have cases if further precautions are not taken

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and those countries including France, Greece, Italy and Spain. So

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what is the advice? Clearly, there is more worrying for pregnant women.

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What has been learned from South and Central America as we have seen that

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go through? It is important to remember that there haven't been any

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local transmission of Zika in Europe so far. So this is really a flag

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that is going up, saying to these countries, the summer is coming and

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we know that the musty joke that carries the Zika is in some of these

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countries and you need to be prepared. -- the mosquito.

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Practically, but they can do is making sure they pick it up when it

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happens and the World Health Organisation has said that most

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countries have a very good surveillance system in place. It is

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also about informing people, people knowing how to protect themselves,

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wearing mosquito repellent, clearing stagnant water reading grounds of

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mosquitoes, and the main concern is for pregnant women, because for most

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people it is not considered a particular problem. It is this link

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with babies being born with brain damage so it is really getting that

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information out there and making sure that these countries are really

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standing by. As you say, for most of the countries you met mention, it is

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a low risk. The travel advice has not changed at all. If you're

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planning on going on holiday to many of these places, the advice has not

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changed, but it is just about being vigilant and just about these

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countries being ready. The W H O has been accused in the past is not

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taking action when it needed to. This time it is being as cautious as

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it can be, making sure that every bit of precautionary advice is given

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before the event rather than during worse, afterwards. The head of the

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curve this time. Thank you very much.

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Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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French media have said that a "last testament" has been discovered

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that was written by a key suspect in the Brussels bombings in March.

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Mohamed Abrini, the "man in the hat" pictured at Brussels airport,

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had attempted to erase the document which was found on a computer.

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The text suggests he approved of November's Paris attacks

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Authorities in Sri Lankan say 37 people have died in landslides in

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Central Sheila Lang following torrential rain. Rescuers are still

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rescuing for people who are missing. 315,000 people have been displaced

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across the island. Protesters in the Venezuelan

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capital, Caracas, have clashed with police after they blocked

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about one thousand marching on the headquarters

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of the National Electoral Council. It is one of several rallies taking

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place across Venezuela, demanding a recall referendum

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against President Nicolas Maduro. The Opposition blames his socialist

:17:18.:17:22.

policies for the country's The government announced

:17:23.:17:24.

it would take measures As a candidate, he's defied

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conventional political Now in a shift from current US

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foreign policy, the presumptive presidential election, Donald Trump,

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has said he would be willing to talk to the North Korean leader

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about his country's nuclear I would have no problem speaking to

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him. At the same time, I would put a lot of pressure on China because we

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have a lot of economic power over China. People do not realise that.

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They are extracting billions of dollars out of our country and we

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have tremendous power over China. China can solve that problem with

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one meeting one phone call. Now, some extraordinary film that

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might change the way The film, which is

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exclusive to the BBC, shows a group of chimpanzees

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mourning one of their number in ways that frankly

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we would think of as "human". It happened in Zambia, at the

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Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphange Trust. The ape that died

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was a nine-year-old chimpanzee known to human

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observers as Thomas. With me to talk about the film

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is Melissa Hogenboom. Keller is a little bit more about

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what you observed. It was really a remarkable discovery. The caretakers

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came at the right time and saw that this chimp was lying on the ground.

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It is quite a big century so it is quite rare that they could spot it

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and they saw a group of chimps actually gathered around him and

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touching him and prodding him and what was really remarkable was that

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one of his closest companions, who was really his adoptive mother, he

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was the one that kept coming back and pushing others away and touching

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him. Over a period of 20 minutes, even though the caretakers were

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giving other chimps food, the group of over 20 of them stood around and

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appeared to be morning Thomas. Now, we have seen before mothers and

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children, but what seems particularly unusual here is from

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what was observed of the group it is a friend, it is a social

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relationship that he has morning. Exactly. It is really the first time

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they have seen in such detail that an older member of the group has

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companions like that. We have seen the instances of a young infant

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dying and the mother holding on to it but the group does not get

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involved in the way that they have here and it really against immense

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this chimpanzee society as an incredibly sociable group. They are

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a social species, just like us. Their social world is really

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important to them and they remember each other even when they die. We

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are showing our viewers some of those pictures. You see, everybody

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huddled around the body of Thomas and anyway, I suppose it says to as

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we underestimate the complexity and the depth of feeling that these apes

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can have. This is what I love about when I studied chimpanzees and when

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I look at new insights into their behaviour. They're not that

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different from ours. They are our closest cousin in the animal kingdom

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and looking at their behaviour gives as a unique insight into how we

:20:28.:20:29.

might have evolved because we split off with

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them from a common ancestor over 6 million years ago, sued really gives

:20:45.:20:47.

us a unique insight into how we got to be the social animal we are

:20:48.:20:50.

today, and they are really not that different. And is there a lot of

:20:51.:20:53.

interest in the world of science about what this team has been able

:20:54.:20:56.

to observe on almost by accident? It is a very new finding, just this

:20:57.:20:58.

month. I think there will be plenty of interest. It is the first

:20:59.:21:01.

observation of its kind. We have seen similar behaviour in species

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such as elephants and crows who also recognise their dead and it seems to

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be a thing that happens to a very social animals or animals with

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bigger brains do seem to rely on their social companions in their

:21:10.:21:12.

day-to-day lives. I know that what your film is about is observing what

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happens at the animals and the way that they mourn but it also says

:21:17.:21:18.

something about the way that we treat animals, the way humans treat

:21:19.:21:22.

the apes, I suppose, and the way we keep them. Yes, it really shows that

:21:23.:21:26.

apes are a very social animal and we need to be aware of that when we

:21:27.:21:30.

take care of them and this is an orphanage, this is a place where

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abandoned chimps can have centuries of this is a really nice big

:21:37.:21:40.

enclosure for these chimps who have not been able to live in a while to

:21:41.:21:44.

adjust shows that we need to treat them with respect and give them

:21:45.:21:48.

space and understand that they are social and/or social relationships

:21:49.:21:51.

are so important. You can just take one chip out of the group and expect

:21:52.:21:54.

them to do well elsewhere. You have to keep them with the people that

:21:55.:21:57.

they love and care about because that is how the drive. Thank you so

:21:58.:22:00.

much for coming to Doctor was about that. Exclusive footage of the

:22:01.:22:01.

chimpanzees. A powerful earthquake has struck in

:22:02.:22:16.

Ecuador. It follows a smaller quake which struck earlier in the date and

:22:17.:22:21.

follows a month after the 7.8 magnitude tremor which killed more

:22:22.:22:22.

than 750 people. This is billed as the world's

:22:23.:22:39.

biggest ever blue Diamond which has gone on sale. It will be on sale

:22:40.:22:43.

within the next hour at Christies in Geneva and is expected to fetch over

:22:44.:22:46.

$40 million. They generate more than $500 million

:22:47.:22:49.

a year, and on Thursday some of the songwriters behind Britain's

:22:50.:22:52.

best loved tunes will be honoured for their talents

:22:53.:22:54.

at the Ivor Novello Awards. But behind the big names,

:22:55.:22:56.

some of the UK's lesser known writing talents are tasting

:22:57.:22:59.

success in America, penning songs for the biggest

:23:00.:23:01.

global stars in music. When it comes to writing hit

:23:02.:23:03.

songs, it doesn't get Carla Marie Williams,

:23:04.:23:19.

a youth worker from London, pursued songwriting

:23:20.:23:22.

as a career, and it paid off. # Nothing else matters

:23:23.:23:25.

now you're not here. When Running came out,

:23:26.:23:28.

I was in Westfield. Someone was like, "Beyonce has

:23:29.:23:33.

just dropped the song." I was like, "It's me!

:23:34.:23:35.

Yay!" And then I was like,

:23:36.:23:37.

"This is international now. Being British and clearly with

:23:38.:23:43.

something to say, Beyonce called on Carla Marie for her

:23:44.:23:55.

latest album, Lemonade. I think definitely

:23:56.:23:57.

it has opened other Especially in America,

:23:58.:24:07.

because I feel like they love what When you listen to Freedom,

:24:08.:24:10.

and you listen to Running, the different types of song

:24:11.:24:15.

to what maybe sometimes Last year, British songwriters made

:24:16.:24:17.

more than ?500 million And this week, some of the best

:24:18.:24:21.

will be honoured at the songwriting awards,

:24:22.:24:26.

the Ivor Novello. We have fantastic music education

:24:27.:24:31.

and also we now have a history of 50 or 60 years

:24:32.:24:34.

of fantastic writers such as the Beatles, David Bowie, Kate Bush,

:24:35.:24:36.

Annie Lennox, Dizzee Rascal, all of these fantastic writers,

:24:37.:24:41.

and they act as role models for the next

:24:42.:24:43.

generation coming up. Another Brit doing well

:24:44.:24:47.

in America is Bradford She posted a song online

:24:48.:24:52.

and caught the attention Now living in New York,

:24:53.:24:56.

she has penned songs for # Waiting on that sunshine boy

:24:57.:25:01.

I think I need that back. I feel very lucky to work

:25:02.:25:10.

with Rhianna, to work with Madonna, to work with Alicia Keys,

:25:11.:25:13.

because the most important feelings or thoughts or opinions I've had

:25:14.:25:16.

that I put into music are things that they've also shared

:25:17.:25:21.

enough to believe in it Despite their success,

:25:22.:25:25.

80% of British songwriters are men. So creating workshops for female

:25:26.:25:31.

newcomers is a passion for Carla Whether or not this

:25:32.:25:35.

is about emotion, heartbreak, politics,

:25:36.:25:38.

you know, always try to dig

:25:39.:25:39.

a little bit deeper. Words to inspire the next

:25:40.:25:41.

generation. But for now from me and the rest

:25:42.:25:54.

of the team, goodbye. Hello. Each day bringing is a

:25:55.:26:10.

different type of weather at the

:26:11.:26:11.

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