19/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me. The headlines: Search teams find


wreckage of the EgyptAir plane that crashed en route from Paris to


Cairo. This is the plane on a previous flight. It fell more than


7000 metres before disappearing from radar. The debris has been found in


the southern Mediterranean, east of the Greek island create.


TRANSLATION: It made a 90 degrees turn to the left, and then a 360


degrees turn to the right, descending from 37,000 to 50,000


feet -- 15,000 feet. Then the picture we had was lost. Also coming


up, how the overuse of antibiotics is creating drug-resistant superbugs


that could kill someone every three seconds. And a special service is


held in memory of Sir Nicholas Winton, the man who saved hundreds


of children from the Holocaust. EgyptAir says wreckage


from its plane which crashed with 66 people on board,


has been found in the eastern Flight MS804 left Paris


on Wednesday, heading for Cairo. It was tracked by radar all the way


into Egyptian airspace EgyptAir tweeted that the flight


disappeared about 10 minutes The plane was flying at 37,000


feet, or 11,000 metres. The Greek defence minister has said


"the plane carried out "a 90-degree turn to the left


and a 360-degree turn to the right, "falling to 15,000 feet before


the signal was lost". An Egyptian ship captain involved


in the search has posted these pictures on his Facebook page,


which he says show a lifejacket Keith Sommerville reports


from the Egyptian capital, Cairo. Their loved ones left Paris


on a flight before midnight. They woke to the reality


that they were gone, 66 people, including crew,


took flight MS804 to Cairo. The passengers were mostly


French and Egyptian. It has just been confirmed


that he was Richard Osman, a mining company executive who had


worked in Egypt for many years. Here, radar tracks the aircraft,


its red tail speeding across the Mediterranean,


until suddenly, it disappears. Was this a terror attack


or mechanical failure? France's president says nothing


should be ruled out. TRANSLATION: We also have the duty


to know everything about the causes No hypothesis should be


ruled out or preferred. In Cairo, relatives


gathered at the airport. Families have been arriving


here all morning, desperate to find out any information they can


on what happened to flight MS804. The flight was just 20


minutes from landing here at Cairo International Airport


when, according to the authorities, it simply vanished, without anyone


in, without any distress call. This woman explains,


my daughter was a stewardess. Another says, we are worried


and afraid, and we are hearing different things on the internet


which we don't know Egypt's aviation minister was


called on for answers, but Minister, if I could just ask you,


do you have any security concerns about anyone on the plane,


whether they were passengers, whether they were crew, whether they


were on the flight deck? Nothing has been


reported about that. We haven't got any kind


of security concerns about a specific person,


but don't forget that the investigation is still going on,


and I'm pretty sure that there is a profiling process


for people on board, the security departments,


or the concerned security divisions, Shortly afterwards, a ship's captain


posted this picture - a yellow life jacket,


and part of an airline seat, In Egypt this evening,


families continue to wait for news, burdened by the knowledge that


officials here think this was more likely a terror


attack than an accident. Let's get the latest


from Kevin Connolly in Cairo. Kevin, this news that the wreckage


has been found, however going down with the families there? Well, I


think the discovery about wreckage and confirmation that it is from the


plane, does two things, really. First, it extinguishes any lingering


hopes that the families might have had. They now know for sure that


they have been waiting for a flight which will now never arrive. So I


suppose for them, the horror of uncertainty is replaced by the agony


of grief. At a more practical level, it also means that the authorities


are beginning to assemble the physical evidence they need to


establish what happened to the aircraft, why it came down, so


discovering that debris is a beginning. They will, of course,


need to discover the on-board flight recorders as well, but I think it is


fair to say that we are closer now to a point where the authorities


will begin to establish pretty quickly the story of the plane's


final and fatal moments. And we were hearing earlier that some of the


families were frustrated about how slow information was coming out.


What is the situation now? Has that improved?


I don't think it has. I think there were a couple of issues there, one


being the nature of the modern world, of course. Stories are


buzzing around the internet from all over Europe and further afield about


what may or may not have happened to the plane, a lot of explanation and


speculation, lots of bits and pieces of information. The families are


aware of those, and Egypt, of course, as a society, does not have


that tradition of free reporting, and so official information here


comes very slowly. So for the families, they will be the agony of


knowing the kind of stories that are circulating everywhere and not


hearing what their own government things about them. I think there is


not really very much to be done about that. You will see again, as


debris stars to be found, that will intensify speculation on the


internet. The families are following that, but then there is an enormous


lag between that unofficial information and speculation and


concrete word from the Egyptian government about what they are


saying really happened. OK, Kevin Connelly, in Cairo, thank


you very much for the update. Investigators will need to gather


much more information than is available right now before


deciding what caused the crash. Here's our Transport


Correspondent Richard Westcott. As more victims' families head


for Cairo, the question remains - was this an accident,


or something more sinister? Well, the aircraft


was an Airbus A320, and if you've ever flown,


the chances are, you've It's one of the most common planes


on earth, and it does And this is footage of the actual


aircraft that disappeared. Now, this aircraft was delivered


to EgyptAir in November 2003, and we also know that the captain


and the co-pilot were So, let's have a look


at what the radar tells us Well, having taken off from Paris


in the late evening, everything was normal for more


than three hours. Greek controllers say


the pilot is in good spirits Half an hour after that,


repeated radio calls go unanswered. Controllers raise the alarm,


but the plane has simply TRANSLATION: It made


a 90-degree turn to the left, and then a 360-degree turn


towards the right, descending from 37,000


to 15,000 feet. This is why terrorism


can't be ruled out. A Russian airliner full


of tourists was brought down It is widely believed a group linked


to the so-called Islamic State They have vowed to target Egypt,


and westerners who visit. It appears that there's been some


catastrophic event at 37,000 feet, and the most likely thing to have


happened is actually some kind of an explosion inside


the aeroplane itself. This is the room at Cranfield


University where air accident investigators from all


over the world have Experts here say there


will be early clues, Generally, within a few hours,


we started to get a picture of what may have occurred,


but the detail of the investigation will take many months,


sometimes even years, to fully understand


what may have happened, and where the lessons


learned may be. So, it's an anxious


wait for the families, and for all flyers, like these


people, off to Cairo today. We can join him now. James, what is


the latest on the situation there that you are hearing?


We understand that three members of France's bureau of investigation and


analysis will tonight be on their way to Cairo to advise and assist


the Egyptian authorities with the search for that wreckage, in


particular, the French government says those three experts may be able


to advise on underwater searches for those flight recorders, which, as


you know, in the signals which will want to be picked up by rescuers. In


addition, one more person that will be travelling from Paris to Cairo is


a technical advisor from Airbus is self. Airbus is based in France, and


that investigated may be able to help understand what happened on


that plane. So France is playing a part in the investigation, but I


think the key thing to stress is, it will not be the major player in the


investigation. This was an Egyptian plane, most people on board were


Egyptian, and the debris may be returned to Egypt itself, so it


seems likely the investigation itself will be led by Egypt. France


will have to assist, but it will have to put a lot of faith into


organisations in that country which it may not believe have a


particularly great track record in independent investigations.


And what is the situation at the airport there? Has security been


noticeably stepped up? It has, but I should say at the


moment, things look reasonably normal around me. There was a flight


for Air China which decked in about an hour ago, a flight for cats are


Airways, which is checking in at the moment. Restaurants are open, and


occasionally you see heavily armed soldiers and policemen patrolling,


but over the last few months, in particular, since the November


attacks, Paris has been on a state of alert anyway, so security in the


airport has now become normal. What is the latest on the situation


regarding the families and friends of those who were on board we


understand that earlier in the day, some families, particularly those of


the 15 French people on board, were invited on to a special EgyptAir


flight which went to Cairo, and essentially, they may have decided


there was little point being here when the centre of affairs, the


centre of action, is Cairo itself. We don't now how many families may


have boarded that particular flight, we don't know if other families of


other nationalities are in Paris, or have decided not to go to Cairo.


James Reynolds in Cairo, thank you. With me now in the studio is Chris


Phillips, former head of the UK's National Counterterrorism Security


Office. We heard from James there that investigators from France are


on their way to the site. What will be investigating teams be doing now?


The first thing they will want to do is get hold of the black boxes that


are linked to this aeroplane, so they will do everything they can to


get those. Those will give them the definitive answer on what happened


inside that plane. Of course, security services in different parts


of the world will also be looking at who the people were on that plane,


if there was anyone there that may have taken a bomb, for example, onto


the plane, and also the locations where the plane has been, certainly


in the last 24 hours, because these planes travel all over the world,


stopping up a lot of different airports. Each airport is


potentially the place where a device may have been put onto the plane. So


there is lots of work to do, but the first thing is to get hold of those


black boxes. If it turns out to be some sort of


explosive device, how sure are you when you heard what had happened,


when you heard about the description of the plane veering to the left and


to the right, losing altitude rapidly, what were your first


thoughts? My first thoughts were that this was almost certainly some


form of terrorist attack. The reason I would say that is, we need to bear


in mind that these Airbuses are just so reliable, and very rarely do they


have any major incidents. Even if they do, the pilot can almost


invariably contact the ground and let them know what has happened, and


that something is happening. I have got to take over and fly the plane


first, but the second thing they would do is immediately radio and


SOS call. That did not happen, and what we saw was the plane dropped


very quickly down towards the sea, and that tends to indicate something


catastrophic has happened at 37,000 feet, in a pressurised environment,


where potentially, there has been a whole of some form in the fusilade,


and that whole will cause a depressurisation, and losing the air


plane. -- that hole. It would be interesting to get your


thoughts on one particular point. The families have spoken at their


frustration at how long it has taken to get information, how slow the


flow of information has been getting to them. As someone who has worked


in counterterrorism, why is there that delay for people who are


desperate to find out what has happened to develop 1's?


This is a sign of The Times. We are so used to information coming at us


within seconds of an incident, we are used to the idea that we'll find


out immediately. What the Egyptian and French authorities do is give


false, wrong information, so they will only say something when they


know it is a fact. Now, obviously, it takes a long time for that to


happen, and even though they have got all of the intelligence in the


world, they are not going to come out and say something that is not


true. So it is important that they go through the stages to say, we


must have accurate information, not just supposition that we and other


people can make. Really good to have you with us, and


we will catch up with you later. Thank you very much.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Heavy rain and loose ground is hindering the search for victims


Dozens of houses have been buried or flattened in one hilly area.


Rescue workers say more than 130 missing people could have died.


Days of torrential rains have flooded large parts of the island.


The first of the missing Nigerian schoolgirls to be rescued


from Boko Haram militants has met President Buhari in Abuja.


Amina Ali Nkeki, who is 19, was found with a baby


by an army-backed vigilante group on Tuesday in the huge


Sambisa Forest, close to the border with Cameroon.


After the meeting, the President said the government would


make continuing Amina's education a priority.


The Scottish golf club Muirfield has lost the chance to host


the prestigious Open Championship after its members voted


The club said women would continue to be welcomed as guests.


But the governing body of the Open said the event could not be staged


by a club that that did not admit women as full members.


It is one of the greatest challenges faced by doctors and surgeons -


the growing resistance to antibiotics,


largely because they are prescribed inappropriately.


Now a new report is warning that if nothing is done,


superbugs will kill someone, somewhere in the world


Our Medical Correspondent Fergus Walsh reports.


In the pre-antibiotic era, patients like Lily would simply have died.


She spent two weeks critically ill in Birmingham Children's Hospital


with a drug-resistant bacterial infection,


They weren't sure which infections she had.


It's amazing how these anitbiotics have cured our daughter.


This is what other sick kids experience, and it really makes


The economist who led the review into superbugs say they could kill


more people than cancer by 2050, unless antibiotics are safeguarded.


What we really need is efforts to reduce demand, and stop treating


these things like sweets, so an awareness campaign,


dramatic reduction of the misuse in agriculture.


These things can permanently solve the problem.


The review says rapid diagnostic tests should be developed,


so patients get antibiotics only if their infection is bacterial.


There should be major restrictions on the use of antibiotics


There would be a levy on drug companies to pay for research,


Gentamicin. Cefaroxin.


Chances are, at some point, your life will depend


on an antibiotic. But their Golden Age is over.


There hasn't been a completely new class of these drugs in decades,


and unless the world takes action, then in a few years,


you could come to hospital with a simple infection,


and the doctors and nurses will not be able to treat it.


Doctors are already seeing worrying signs that the superbugs


During the course of my career, I have noticed already quite a sharp


increase in the number of resistant bacteria


We have had to change the antibiotics we are


If we run out, then I don't know what we will do.


And we all need educating about how to prevent the spread


of germs and infections if antibiotics are to continue


The preventative benefits of taking aspirin have been


But now researchers from Oxford University say it should


be given immediately to people who've suffered strokes.


They say taking the blood-thinning drug reduces the risk of further


Here's our health correspondent Adam Brimelow.


Earlier this month, John Mason suffered a minor stroke.


He first noticed when he had trouble reading his e-mails.


He was taken to A, and on the way, took an aspirin


I was aware of the beneficial effects of taking aspirin,


but I had no idea how significant they were, and it's very,


very reassuring that I can carry on with my life,


knowing that the actions I have taken and the support I have had


mean there is a very low chance of a recurrence.


Researchers at Oxford University say that for every 100,000 people over


50 in the UK, one is likely to have a stroke every day.


But in the days after symptoms of a minor stroke, the risk


Taking aspirin immediately brings this down to about one in 100.


That is an 80% reduction in the risk of another stroke,


and where they do occur, they are likely to be less severe.


Nearly two weeks on from his stroke, John Mason is taking it easy,


He can get out in the garden and enjoy life.


This is a case of the patient doing the right thing at the right time,


meaning the risk of a major stroke was much reduced.


But the researchers say the message for doctors and the public


about the benefits of aspirin in this situation needs


We need to encourage people, if they think they have had some


neurological symptoms that might be a minor stroke,


they should take aspirin immediately, as well as ideally


NHS England says these findings will need to be


New stroke guidelines for doctors are due out in the autumn.


A memorial service has been held in London for Sir Nicholas Winton,


who rescued hundreds of children from the Holocaust in the months


Sir Nicholas organised the "Kindertransport",


in which more than 600 mostly Jewish children came to Britain by train


from Czechoslovakia in 1939. Sophie Long reports.


A mother kisses her child goodbye, knowing she may


Prague Station, early 1939, and young boys and girls head


to Britain to avoid the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia,


and the subsequent persecution of Jewish and other minority


Today, those children, now elderly men and women,


gathered to celebrate the life of the man who gave them a future.


Nicholas Winton was just 28, a young stockbroker in London,


when he organised trains to take Jewish children to safety


His kindertransport operation saved 669 children,


but for many years, he harboured an overriding regret


He kept quiet about what he had done until his wife found a scrapbook


Back here, you will see, is the list of all the children.


Finally, in 1988, Esther Rantzen publicised what he did on her TV


Vera Githing is here tonight. Hello, Vera.


And I should tell you, you are actually sitting next


So hello! APPLAUSE


Is there anyone in our audience tonight who owes their life


Anyone who owes their life to Nicky Winton, would


28 years later, it is estimated between five and 7,000 people do.


One of them is 92-year-old Kurt Hausig.


He still remembers the train journey from Prague.


He went on to become a Spitfire pilot.


Bio everything to him. And so does the rest of the family, and every


other child. Everything. Without him, nothing would have happened. --


I owe. I wouldn't have been in the air force. I wouldn't have become


what I was. Today, Kurds and the others who continue to live the life


he gave them, remembered a modest hero and celebrated a life that was


prove one individual can make an incredible difference. -- curtain


remembered. Back now to Chris Phillips,


former head of the UK's With me is Chris Phillips,


former head of the UK's National Counterterrorism


Security Office. Presumably the investigation will


now be looking to find out what caused that crash. How will they be


doing that? I think they will start, first and foremost, with the people


on the plane, and unable to the plane itself and see where it has


been. We know it has been a Charles de Gaulle Airport. We know only a


couple of months ago that Charles de Gaulle Airport was a bit concerned


about the people had working air side that may have terrorist


tendencies, or certainly coming from an area where there is more


terrorism than other places. The aeroplane is effectively a bus. That


aeroplane has taken off and landed in numerous airports in the last


couple of days, and I think the focus may end up turning to those


airports, because, of course, you can put a device onto a plane, and


you can put a time a situation that will make it go off at some point in


the future. That is possibly what has happened. We're not sure yet,


but it is certainly one line of enquiry.


Thank you very much for that. We will keep across the latest of that


investigation, and you can find details on our live page. That is it


from the programme. The weather is next.


Hello. Plenty of rain in the outlook, but during


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