22/05/2016 World News Today


22/05/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:00.

I'm Alpa Patel - here are the headlines.

:00:00.:00:11.

Is Austria about to choose Europe's first hard-right head of state?

:00:12.:00:18.

With nearly all the votes counted - the independent Green candidate

:00:19.:00:21.

is neck and neck with the leader of a far-right party.

:00:22.:00:25.

Pakistan says that a US drone strike which killed the leader

:00:26.:00:28.

of the Afghan Taliban is a violation of its sovereignty.

:00:29.:00:31.

Get out: that's the message to the residents of

:00:32.:00:35.

the Iraqi city of Falluja - ahead of a major offensive

:00:36.:00:37.

After a campaign featuring fear of migrants and loathing of elites -

:00:38.:00:57.

exit polls in Austria's run-off election put far right leader

:00:58.:00:59.

Norbert Hofer as running neck and neck with his rival

:01:00.:01:03.

Alexander Van der Bellen, who is backed by the Greens.

:01:04.:01:06.

The final result will not be known until Monday,

:01:07.:01:08.

when the hundreds of thousands of postal votes will be counted.

:01:09.:01:15.

Mr Hofer, seen here on the right, insisted that his party wasn't

:01:16.:01:18.

a far-right organisation and described himself

:01:19.:01:20.

It's all down to the postal votes now. The Austrians are going to go

:01:21.:01:34.

to bed tonight without knowing who the next incumbent of the

:01:35.:01:37.

presidential palace behind me in Vienna is. They will, the postal

:01:38.:01:45.

votes, there is about 14% of the votes cast, we understand, they'll

:01:46.:01:50.

be counted tomorrow. We expect to have a result sometime in afternoon.

:01:51.:01:55.

Then it will become clear whether in fact it was Norbert Hofer of the far

:01:56.:02:00.

right Freedom party or Alexander Van der Bellen who has won this race. Do

:02:01.:02:04.

we have any idea what turnout was like in this election? Quite high.

:02:05.:02:12.

Well over 70%. Higher than the first round of voting back in April when

:02:13.:02:19.

Norbert Hofer scored a clear victory when he got 35% over the other

:02:20.:02:23.

candidates that were standing, then. In this run-off vote, more people

:02:24.:02:27.

turning out, and it's been quite interesting looking at the way the

:02:28.:02:31.

vote has been split. Alexander Van der Bellen has profited very much

:02:32.:02:37.

from support from big urban centres in Austria, some of the big cities.

:02:38.:02:42.

Whereas Norbert Hofer's support comes very much from the

:02:43.:02:46.

countryside. So we are getting a very, very split picture of Austria

:02:47.:02:51.

here at the moment. Whatever happens in the result, the far right have

:02:52.:02:56.

really proved a point here, and that is the dissatisfaction of voters in

:02:57.:03:01.

Austria. Very much so indeed. There's a great deal of

:03:02.:03:04.

disillusionment with the parties of the centre-left and centre-right.

:03:05.:03:08.

The establishment parties. The parties that have ruled this country

:03:09.:03:12.

on and off for decades. They were both knocked out of this race back

:03:13.:03:18.

in the first round in April. And what the voters said they wanted was

:03:19.:03:24.

either the far right or the Green party. There was this real sense of

:03:25.:03:27.

people protesting against the status quo. And of course the far right as

:03:28.:03:31.

well has been fuelled in recent months by the migrant crisis here in

:03:32.:03:37.

Austria. 90,000 people claimed asylum here last year. 100,000 more

:03:38.:03:43.

transited through to Germany. So this is also something that has

:03:44.:03:46.

encouraged people to vote for the Freedom party.

:03:47.:03:48.

Pakistan has described a US drone strike, which targeted the leader

:03:49.:03:51.

of the Afghan Taliban, as a violation of its sovereignty.

:03:52.:03:54.

Mullah Akhtar Mansour was killed in the Pakistani province

:03:55.:04:02.

of Baluchistan, close to the Afghan border.

:04:03.:04:03.

A US official described him as an obstacle to peace talks.

:04:04.:04:06.

Several drones were apparently used in the strike, said to have been

:04:07.:04:10.

In the burnt out car which had been travelling close to Pakistan's

:04:11.:04:17.

border with Afghanistan were two men, among them Mullah Mansour.

:04:18.:04:20.

He has been the official leader of the Taliban since last summer,

:04:21.:04:23.

and he has been busy trying to tighten his grip on the movement.

:04:24.:04:31.

Mansour posed a continuing, imminent threat to US personnel

:04:32.:04:33.

in Afghanistan, to Afghan civilians, Afghan security forces.

:04:34.:04:41.

Since he took over, the Taliban stepped up its campaign of violence

:04:42.:04:44.

This was the aftermath of a suicide bombing

:04:45.:04:47.

The Americans say that Mullah Mansour had been actively involved

:04:48.:04:55.

The Afghan government says he rebuffed repeated calls to end war.

:04:56.:05:08.

TRANSLATION: He was a barrier for the peace talks,

:05:09.:05:10.

and from the date he was announced as the Taliban leader,

:05:11.:05:13.

he was behind lots of violence against the Afghan people.

:05:14.:05:15.

The ultimate authority for the Tower bank, Mullah Mansour officially took

:05:16.:05:21.

over when it was announced the reclusive founder had died two years

:05:22.:05:31.

earlier. His main deputy has a $5 million bounty on his head, he is

:05:32.:05:35.

seen as more hostile and hardline. It is not clear who will succeed

:05:36.:05:39.

Mullah Mansour, or the direction the Taliban will take. Under Mullah

:05:40.:05:45.

Mansour's leadership, the Taliban extended territory. But they are

:05:46.:05:49.

likely to be caught up in a battle for succession, and there are fears

:05:50.:05:52.

that could give militants from so-called Islamic State the chance

:05:53.:05:56.

to extend their influence. The question for all weary Afghans is

:05:57.:06:01.

what impact his death will ultimately have on their desperate

:06:02.:06:02.

hopes for security. Well for more analysis on this -

:06:03.:06:07.

I've been speaking to Ali Jalali who is a former Afghan Interior

:06:08.:06:10.

Minister. He joined me from the Afghan

:06:11.:06:12.

capital, Kabul and gave me his view Mullah Mansour was one of the

:06:13.:06:25.

leading figures in the Taliban. He was elected as a leader of the

:06:26.:06:30.

Taliban last year when the death of Malawi Omar was disclosed.

:06:31.:06:34.

He was the de facto leader of the Caliban from 2030. When Mullah Omar

:06:35.:06:49.

died. He faced a dispute over his leadership, and to polish his

:06:50.:06:51.

credentials he intensified war inside Afghanistan. When he is gone

:06:52.:06:57.

I think there will be immediately, although there might be some

:06:58.:06:59.

intensification why his followers, but in the long run I think it is a

:07:00.:07:06.

major blow to the Caliban. How would the US have been able to track this

:07:07.:07:10.

man, and would they have needed the knowledge and intelligence from

:07:11.:07:17.

Afghan security services? Well, he was apparently coming from Iran,

:07:18.:07:25.

where he spent some time, and he was moving in Baluchistan. I have no

:07:26.:07:31.

information whether Afghanistan intelligence was or not. But for

:07:32.:07:36.

years they were asking the United States that the Caliban bases inside

:07:37.:07:43.

Afghanistan, they were attacking Afghanistan army, allies from across

:07:44.:07:45.

the border, they were asking to do something. Therefore this is the

:07:46.:07:55.

first time that the US has targeted a major senior Taliban leader. And

:07:56.:08:07.

how could this impact on future peace talks? Could it backfire on

:08:08.:08:14.

the Afghan government and the US? Yes, I think in the immediate future

:08:15.:08:22.

in the short term, it will create problems for the peace talks,

:08:23.:08:24.

because there is no unified leadership. Although they appointed

:08:25.:08:33.

one of the deputies to Mullah Mansour as acting, but it will take

:08:34.:08:38.

some time for the Taliban to get their forces together. In that time

:08:39.:08:46.

it is not expected that they will come to the negotiating table.

:08:47.:08:50.

However, in the long-running, I think this also undermines the power

:08:51.:08:56.

of the Taliban. And probably some factions eventually will be willing

:08:57.:09:02.

to come and deal in peaceful talks. Turkey's President Erdogan has asked

:09:03.:09:08.

a close ally to form Binali Yild-irim will replace

:09:09.:09:11.

the former Prime Minister. He was forced out for disagreeing

:09:12.:09:16.

with President Erdorgan's plans to increase the powers

:09:17.:09:19.

of the presidency. Critics say the President is trying

:09:20.:09:21.

to tighten his grip on power, by overseeing the choice of a more

:09:22.:09:24.

compliant Prime Minister. Speaking at the AKP party congress

:09:25.:09:30.

where he was elected, Mr Yildirim said he was in favour

:09:31.:09:32.

of more powers for the presidency. TRANSLATION: We need a new

:09:33.:09:42.

constitution. Turkey needs the new constitution. And are you ready to

:09:43.:09:50.

bring forth the executive presidency system? Are you ready for that?

:09:51.:10:03.

After the president was elected by the nation, now nothing will be the

:10:04.:10:12.

same for Turkey, because our president has received the approval

:10:13.:10:16.

and the votes of millions of our citizens. He is carrying the

:10:17.:10:25.

responsibility of this. However much one may claim, some may claim that

:10:26.:10:30.

the president has no responsibility, he is burdened with the love of the

:10:31.:10:39.

nation. And he carries the responsibility of the issues of the

:10:40.:10:40.

nation. For more on this story,

:10:41.:10:44.

the BBC's Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet has this

:10:45.:10:46.

report from the AK Party This extraordinary party conference

:10:47.:10:54.

in this sports stadium was very much a celebration of President Erdogan,

:10:55.:11:00.

even though he wasn't here. And as president he is meant to be above

:11:01.:11:05.

party politics. Turkey is now very much about his leadership and that's

:11:06.:11:08.

why he's brought in one of his long-time political allies, Binali

:11:09.:11:13.

Yildirim, to be the next party chairman and the Prime Minister. In

:11:14.:11:18.

his remarks today he made it clear where he believes Turkey should

:11:19.:11:21.

head, and that includes moves towards a more presidential type of

:11:22.:11:26.

system. Everyone we spoke to hear back-to-back move, saying that

:11:27.:11:29.

Turkey's Parliamentary democracy no longer suited Turkey. But many

:11:30.:11:34.

questions are being asked whether it will only concentrate even more

:11:35.:11:38.

power in the hands of President Erdogan. A lot of talk over what is

:11:39.:11:43.

described as the war on terror. In other words, moves against the

:11:44.:11:45.

Kurdish insurgency in the south-east of Turkey, and questions as to

:11:46.:11:52.

whether that could include even more pressure on journalists and civil

:11:53.:11:55.

society here in Turkey as well as against members of the pro-Kurdish

:11:56.:12:01.

political party since the immunity for politicians has been lifted.

:12:02.:12:05.

These are questions being asked in Turkey and in many capitals across

:12:06.:12:10.

Europe, which very much wants to work with Turkey, with President

:12:11.:12:15.

Erdogan, to resolve some key ongoing crises. The war in Syria next door,

:12:16.:12:19.

and the refugee crisis where Turkey is expected to play an important

:12:20.:12:26.

role. So this is a moment today not just for AKP, but for Turkey itself.

:12:27.:12:29.

The British film director, Ken Loach, has won top

:12:30.:12:32.

His film, "I, Daniel Blake," was awarded the Palme d'Or

:12:33.:12:38.

for Best Picture at the 69th Cannes Film Festival.

:12:39.:12:40.

It's his second Palme d'Or for Best film.

:12:41.:12:42.

Jacyln Jose - a 'soap' star in the Philippines -

:12:43.:12:47.

won the best actress award for her role in Ma Rosa,

:12:48.:12:50.

portraying a mother who's forced to sell drugs to survive.

:12:51.:12:52.

And Shahab Hosseini from Iran won best actor award,

:12:53.:12:57.

for his part in "the Salesman" - which also won best screenplay.

:12:58.:13:05.

Stay with us on BBC News, still to come:

:13:06.:13:10.

On her feet again. The Revolutionary walking stick bringing back mobility

:13:11.:13:19.

for people with Parkinson's disease. This morning and Indian air force

:13:20.:13:27.

plane carrying Mr Gandhi's body landed. The president walked to the

:13:28.:13:32.

plaintiff solemnly witness his return. The first truly free

:13:33.:13:39.

elections in Romania's history. It was a remarkable climax to what was

:13:40.:13:42.

surely the most extraordinary funeral ever given to a pop singer.

:13:43.:13:49.

It's been a peaceful demonstration so far but suddenly the police are

:13:50.:13:53.

tear gas in the crowd, we don't yet know why. The prelaunch ritual is

:13:54.:13:59.

well established here. Helen is said to be in good spirits but just a

:14:00.:14:02.

little apprehensive. In the last hour east to Moore has become the

:14:03.:14:07.

world's newest nation. The challenges ahead are daunting but

:14:08.:14:12.

for now at least it is time to celebrate.

:14:13.:14:23.

With nearly all the votes counted Austria's presidential election

:14:24.:14:29.

Former Green leader Alexander Van der Bellen and far right leader

:14:30.:14:35.

Pakistan says that a US drone strike which killed the leader

:14:36.:14:39.

of the Afghan Taliban is a violation of its sovereignty.

:14:40.:14:47.

Manchester United are finalising minor details in Jose Mourinho's

:14:48.:14:58.

contract before appointing the former Chelsea boss

:14:59.:15:00.

Earlier today current Louis Van Gaal left the team hotel in London today

:15:01.:15:04.

following yesterday's FA Cup win over Crystal Palace,

:15:05.:15:06.

without having been told by the club that Mourinho is set to succeed him.

:15:07.:15:09.

Five months after he was sacked by Chelsea, Jose Mourinho

:15:10.:15:20.

is set for a sensational return to management.

:15:21.:15:22.

It might be news to the man he'll replace.

:15:23.:15:24.

This morning, Louis van Gaal left Manchester United's London hotel

:15:25.:15:30.

without being told by the club that it was time to say goodbye.

:15:31.:15:32.

Just 12 hours earlier he was celebrating victory in the FA Cup.

:15:33.:15:36.

A trophy that will now be a parting gift.

:15:37.:15:38.

Despite spending millions on players, he had failed to qualify

:15:39.:15:40.

United have expectations he just couldn't meet.

:15:41.:15:47.

While all this unfolded, Mourinho was watching boxing at the O2.

:15:48.:15:50.

It is understood an agreement with United had

:15:51.:15:52.

It's quite exciting, especially with the whole thing, Pep

:15:53.:16:03.

The naughty side of me thinks it will be spicy.

:16:04.:16:06.

Although he has gone out with winning a trophy I think it

:16:07.:16:09.

needed change and with a manager at this moment in time,

:16:10.:16:12.

I think Mourinho is the best man for the job.

:16:13.:16:14.

Sir Alex Ferguson won 38 trophies in nearly three

:16:15.:16:17.

Mourinho's record doesn't suggest that type of longevity,

:16:18.:16:19.

but he is a proven winner and won't be overawed

:16:20.:16:22.

by the challenge of trying to step out of Ferguson's shadow.

:16:23.:16:24.

Mourinho made his name at Porto, by winning the Champions League.

:16:25.:16:28.

That brought him to the attention of Chelsea, where he won three

:16:29.:16:34.

Premier League titles in his two spells with the club.

:16:35.:16:37.

He's also won major trophies in Italy with Inter Milan

:16:38.:16:40.

He will make it exciting, the Premier League.

:16:41.:16:46.

This season, since he has gone, press conferences have

:16:47.:16:48.

If nothing else it gives us something to talk about.

:16:49.:16:52.

Many will view Mourinho is a controversial appointment.

:16:53.:16:54.

He left Chelsea in December after a spectacular slump in form

:16:55.:16:57.

and a public fallout with medical staff.

:16:58.:17:00.

United however have decided he's a risk worth taking.

:17:01.:17:07.

Barcelona have already won the Spanish title -

:17:08.:17:09.

can they make it a league and cup double?

:17:10.:17:12.

They're taking on Sevilla in the final of the Copa del Rey.

:17:13.:17:15.

Sevilla will also be hoping to make it a double.

:17:16.:17:18.

It's just four days since they lifted the Europa League

:17:19.:17:20.

trophy in Basel with a 3-1 win over Liverpool.

:17:21.:17:24.

And there's been high drama at the Vicente Calderon stadium.

:17:25.:17:30.

Javier Mascherano has been sent off, so Barcelona are down to ten men.

:17:31.:17:33.

Just approaching half time and it's still goalless.

:17:34.:17:35.

Despite it raining much of the morning in Paris,

:17:36.:17:37.

There were wins for two of the world's top players.

:17:38.:17:41.

Petra Kvitova is through to the second round after a tough

:17:42.:17:44.

Australian Nick Kyrgios overcame a first set code violation to defeat

:17:45.:17:54.

But the rain came back and washed out day one.

:17:55.:17:59.

Only 10 of 32 matches were completed.

:18:00.:18:01.

Rory McIlroy won the rain delayed Irish Open at the K Club.

:18:02.:18:10.

It's the world number three's first victory of the season.

:18:11.:18:12.

A final round of 69 got him to 12 under par, a three shot victory,

:18:13.:18:16.

and a first win at his home tournament.

:18:17.:18:21.

It means an awful lot. This is a tournament I've grown up watching as

:18:22.:18:27.

a kid. Then playing in the amateur. And been dreaming about since my

:18:28.:18:33.

first time at the golf club. To win it today and win it in the fashion

:18:34.:18:37.

that I did, and being host as well, it means an awful lot. Finally,

:18:38.:18:44.

Canada retained their ice hockey World Championship title after

:18:45.:18:47.

beating Finland 2-0 in the final in Moscow. Thank you.

:18:48.:18:52.

That's the warning for residents in the Iraqi city of Falluja,

:18:53.:18:59.

just over an hour's drive from Baghdad.

:19:00.:19:02.

The Iraqi army is planning to retake the city from Islamic

:19:03.:19:05.

state militants, who have held it since 2014.

:19:06.:19:07.

It was in fact the first Iraqi city to fall to the group.

:19:08.:19:10.

Falluja is domminated by Sunnis and was once favoured

:19:11.:19:12.

The city increasingly resented the American-supported

:19:13.:19:17.

If you remember in 2003, resistance against the American

:19:18.:19:24.

And US Marines were accused of targeting civilians

:19:25.:19:28.

During that invasion - toxic munitions were blamed

:19:29.:19:36.

for a surge in the number of birth defects in Falluja

:19:37.:19:38.

Anger grew under former President Nouri al Maliki.

:19:39.:19:41.

And Falluja became a base for Al-Qaeda in Iraq,

:19:42.:19:44.

The government has been battling to retake it ever since.

:19:45.:19:53.

I was joined earlier by Firas Abi Ali from

:19:54.:19:56.

the think tank IHS - and he told me how Islamic State

:19:57.:19:59.

militants are expected to react and prepare

:20:00.:20:00.

Isis will try to stop people from thinking, others will be hesitant

:20:01.:20:07.

about surrendering themselves to Shia militias who in anyway suspect

:20:08.:20:11.

them of being collaborative with the Islamic State. So for these reasons

:20:12.:20:18.

you can expect a pretty high civilian death toll from this

:20:19.:20:22.

operation. The Iraqi army will be supported by the Iranians

:20:23.:20:26.

Revolutionary guard and Hezbollah. Will that complicate the mission on

:20:27.:20:29.

the ground? It reflects the disagreements between the Iraqi

:20:30.:20:36.

militias and the Iraqi government, and reflects the disagreements

:20:37.:20:38.

between the Iranians and the United States. It can be quite negative in

:20:39.:20:46.

terms of dealing with the Sunni population, there have been various

:20:47.:20:49.

atrocities documented. And the participation of the Iraqi militias

:20:50.:20:52.

is their way of saying to the Baghdad government that we can

:20:53.:20:57.

secure it, keep in mind this offensive is happening after a

:20:58.:21:03.

series of suicide bombings targeting Baghdad, a major penetration for the

:21:04.:21:06.

Islamic State. The militias have pretty much forced the government

:21:07.:21:10.

into engaging in this offensive, and this is their way of asserting their

:21:11.:21:15.

supremacy. The uranium's way of showing they are the real supporters

:21:16.:21:19.

of the Iraqi people rather than the United States. If they are able to

:21:20.:21:23.

retake it, how significant will that be? It will be a major blow to the

:21:24.:21:28.

Islamic State in that it is one of their key centres, and where some of

:21:29.:21:32.

their leaders and some of their families have been situated. That

:21:33.:21:38.

will be a major blow to them. It will be one of the loss of the

:21:39.:21:42.

congregations that they control in Anbar province. And as the Iraqi

:21:43.:21:45.

government and the militias allied with it clear and bar province, the

:21:46.:21:52.

sort of hotbed of Sunni rebelliousness will have been

:21:53.:21:55.

pacified. It will make political compromise much harder. Because the

:21:56.:22:02.

Sunnis would be much less likely to compromise with the Shia militias if

:22:03.:22:06.

they see them taking the lead in this operation, or engaging in

:22:07.:22:12.

atrocities. Are Islamic State on the run in Iraq? They are being

:22:13.:22:17.

gradually defeated. But ultimately the conditions that allow for the

:22:18.:22:23.

degradation of the Islamic State, the Shia Sunni disagreements, the

:22:24.:22:27.

Kurdish disagreements, these have not gone away. And the Islamic State

:22:28.:22:33.

had been in the past defeated and managed to re-emerge by exploiting

:22:34.:22:37.

these divisions. So until we see some kind of stable secondary

:22:38.:22:43.

democratic rule, we will still have the problem of militancy and

:22:44.:22:44.

insurgency. President Obama has arrived

:22:45.:22:46.

in Vietnam beginning an Asian trip that will also see him

:22:47.:22:48.

travel to Hiroshima. His first stop is Hanoi where he's

:22:49.:22:51.

keen to build stronger The spotlight is likely to be

:22:52.:22:53.

on his visit to Hiroshima where the US dropped

:22:54.:23:02.

the atomic bomb that killed 140,000 people and ushered

:23:03.:23:10.

in the nuclear age. It may look just like any other

:23:11.:23:12.

walking stick, but a new aid for people with Parkinson's

:23:13.:23:15.

is helping them to retain The stick can sense when a user's

:23:16.:23:17.

limbs have seized up, and then vibrates in a way that

:23:18.:23:26.

helps them to regain their rhythm, and start walking again,

:23:27.:23:29.

here's Andrew Plant From the outside it's a walking

:23:30.:23:30.

stick like any other. But inside the handle

:23:31.:23:38.

is an invention helping people with Parkinson's disease to get

:23:39.:23:41.

a grip on their condition. Sufferes can seize up

:23:42.:23:43.

when they walk and this can help I suddenly realise I'm not walking

:23:44.:23:53.

and sometimes a little bit Or I count slowly and then

:23:54.:23:58.

try to start walking again. You turn the device

:23:59.:24:10.

on and it is basically sensing that People with Parkinson's sometimes

:24:11.:24:12.

freeze up, but the beat in the handle helps them remember

:24:13.:24:19.

how to move and can It's the brainchild of this Bristol

:24:20.:24:22.

student who watched her grandfather Since I kept going to the patients

:24:23.:24:29.

and talking to them, With Parkinson's they have a classic

:24:30.:24:36.

Parkinson's posture which you can just recognise,

:24:37.:24:44.

that they have this walking problem. She came up with the idea

:24:45.:24:47.

when she was a student at She has now been given a grant

:24:48.:24:49.

to get the idea up and running. The NHS and Parkinson's charities

:24:50.:24:55.

have expressed interest. She hopes it could one day help more

:24:56.:25:02.

people like Marcia to keep on moving Mexicans have been treated to the

:25:03.:25:16.

site of some rare and beautiful old cast. More than 100 vintage cars

:25:17.:25:21.

dating back as far as 1922 took part in a 1200 kilometre rally along

:25:22.:25:26.

Mexico's Riviera mayor. He rallied past several cities on the Yucatan

:25:27.:25:35.

Peninsula. The goal was to promote tourism, and it was organised by

:25:36.:25:38.

several vintage car associations. Fantastic cars, there.

:25:39.:25:43.

The outcome of Austria's election is too close to call. The former Green

:25:44.:25:53.

party leader and the far right candidate are neck and neck.

:25:54.:25:56.

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