25/05/2016 World News Today


25/05/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

Germany unveils its plan to try to integrate

:00:07.:00:09.

The newcomers will be taught German values and told where they can live

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as part of a major programme to avoid ghetto-isation.

:00:18.:00:25.

A captured Ukrainian pilot who became a symbol of resistance

:00:26.:00:30.

to Moscow is released after two years in a Russian jail.

:00:31.:00:33.

Do you ever get that sinking feeling?

:00:34.:00:36.

An entire street collapses in the heart of tourist Florence.

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We'll be talking to a man who saw it happen.

:00:44.:00:45.

Also coming up, the ship was their saviour.

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We reveal the role the Queen Mary played

:00:48.:00:49.

in rescuing thousands of Jews from the Nazis.

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The bottom line is, the Queen Mary saved me and my mum and dad. It

:00:57.:01:02.

saved our lives. And seeing a city for the first

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time: what a new exhibition by migrant photographers reveals

:01:08.:01:10.

about New York, London and Paris. intended to integrate more

:01:11.:01:28.

than one million migrants. cabinet agreement on the law,

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Merkel described after months of political

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disagreement, as a milestone. The deal will require migrants

:01:39.:01:40.

to integrate into society in return for being allowed

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to live and work in Germany. If approved by parliament,

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it will also give authorities the power to dictate

:01:47.:01:48.

where they can and can't live. Last year, over one million migrants

:01:49.:01:52.

came to Germany and the country

:01:53.:01:56.

could take one million more in 2016. Under the new law, federal funds

:01:57.:02:02.

would be used to create It will also require adult migrants

:02:03.:02:05.

to attend 600 hours with an additional 100 hours

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of cultural "orientation" classes that end with an integration

:02:10.:02:17.

test. Our Berlin correspondent Damien

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McGuinness has more. Asylum seekers in Germany learning

:02:22.:02:24.

how to speak German. And also how to navigate German

:02:25.:02:29.

society and culture. The courses are free of charge,

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but they are now set That is because a new law

:02:35.:02:37.

aims to make sure In return for benefit payments

:02:38.:02:42.

and free accommodation, and attend integration classes,

:02:43.:02:50.

have to learn German TRANSLATION:

:02:51.:02:55.

may be reduced. I think

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it's a milestone that the federal government passes an integration

:03:05.:03:08.

law. And integration law in accordance

:03:09.:03:09.

with the principles of obligation as well as support.

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And support as well as obligations. The government's plan comes

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after more than 1 million refugees And although numbers

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have dropped this year, there is widespread concern

:03:19.:03:21.

in Germany about integrating Particularly given the country's

:03:22.:03:22.

poor record at integrating The German government wants to avoid

:03:23.:03:29.

the mistakes made in the past when workers from Turkey were left

:03:30.:03:35.

excluded from It is Germany's first law

:03:36.:03:37.

on integration and an important This law makes the way for those

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that will stay in Germany We don't want people to live

:03:48.:03:53.

in parallel societies We don't want parallel

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societies and ghettos. But the government's

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plan is controversial. Particularly the proposal that

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for the first few years, asylum seekers will not be able

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to choose where they Critics say this could

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break up families. TRANSLATION: The rights are greater

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than the help they get. We think there are too many obligations. The

:04:31.:04:37.

migrants in this class, meanwhile, are keen to learn. They are nice

:04:38.:04:47.

people. To work, or study, or something. Germany has a shortage of

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young workers and an ageing population, so the opportunities are

:04:54.:04:57.

there, but only for those with the correct skills.

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With me is Nina Schick, the Head of Communications

:05:01.:05:02.

Talking about skills of immigrants the idea is to get them into the

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labour market as quickly as possible. Absolutely. Germany is on

:05:14.:05:18.

a demographic decline and they desperately need young workers. This

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is part of a long-running debate at this boom in migrants can be an

:05:22.:05:26.

economic boom to the country and increased the GDP of the country.

:05:27.:05:30.

The Keita that is to get them into the labour market quickly. So far,

:05:31.:05:33.

that has been the big four asylum seekers to do. When their status is

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decided they can already going to these low-paid jobs which should

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contribute to their commune rather than taking the leap in public

:05:49.:05:53.

services. So where they go, the errors of Germany that they are

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assigned to is important. The assignment of where they live is

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more to do with the fact that the German government does not want

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ghettos to spring up. It is about cultural assimilation. If you look

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at Cologne, it has traditionally been a big area for immigrant

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populations. They don't want that type of ghetto again. At New Year, a

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lot of women were assaulted and the blame was put on some immigrants.

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Exactly. That will also be controversial, because as we have

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heard, some pro-refugee lobby groups say that this will break up

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families. Nonetheless, the political support across the spectrum is

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widespread. It is quite a lot of engineering, in terms of taking

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people in, giving them papers and saying you are assigned to this town

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or village. Absolutely, the biggest controversy or challenge in this

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integration law is not so much passing the laws, but the

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implementation, because as you can imagine, it is going to cause a

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massive load of bureaucracy and it'll be difficult to enforce. It is

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about giving a job and a new life to refugees. What about the other side,

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their responsibility, if they don't learn the language and seem to

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integrate and seem to cause trouble, what is the comeback? This is the

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carrot and stick approach from Angela Merkel. She is saying, we

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will make it easier for you to live and work here, but on the other

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hand, if you don't do that then there will be sanctions to your

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benefit which can be cut and you will not be able to live where you

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like. That is the balance that they are trying to strike.

:07:31.:07:32.

The Ukrainian military helicopter pilot, Nadiya Savchenko,

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is home after spending two years in a Russian jail.

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She was released as part of a prisoner swap.

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The BBC's Tom Burridge has been at the airport in Kiev

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where people gathered to welcome her back.

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Nadiya Savchenko was in typically defiant mood.

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She was very, very emotional when she came out, just then.

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You get the sense from the chaos and the number of cameras here of

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She has come to symbolise much more than one individual.

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Because, in the context of Ukraine's relationship

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with Russia over the course of the last two years,

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the war in the East, she, who was captured

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in the east of Ukraine, has remained defiant.

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And for many Ukrainians, she has come to symbolise

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defiance against perceived Russian aggression.

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She symbolises something that I want to be when I grow up.

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And I think that all of our country should be more like Nadiya,

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And she's been fighting for her freedom.

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Doe sshe symbolise something in that respect as well?

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I would say that she was fighting for her dignity, and freedom.

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Because she, freedom is something no one can be denied.

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You don't fight for your freedom, being in prison.

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She only wanted a fair trial, not being treated as some, you know,

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Everybody understands that freedom and the struggle are very important

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And Nadiya symbolises two of these things.

:08:58.:09:05.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:09:06.:09:08.

The Afghan Taliban have announced the name of their new leader.

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Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada will replace

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Mullah Akhtar Mansour, who was killed

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in a US drone strike last week on his car in Pakistan.

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Correspondents say the new leader's appointment has not caused as much

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controversy as Mansour's, which led to splits in Taliban ranks.

:09:22.:09:27.

The French government says it has begun using its strategic

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oil reserves to bolster the country's energy supply.

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A strike against labour reforms is now affecting six

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of the country's eight refineries, leading to fuel shortages.

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Some trade unions are calling on the government to reverse

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controversial new labour reforms forced through

:09:44.:09:44.

The controversial right-wing Israeli politician Avigdor Lieberman

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has been named as the country's new defence minister.

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The appointment is part of a deal to bring his party

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into Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government.

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government is a "threat to regional stability".

:10:08.:10:12.

It's being reported from the US that the frontrunner

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for the Democrat nomination, Hillary Clinton, is

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heavily criticised in an official report into her email accounts.

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She's under investigation after admitting

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using her personal email account for official business,

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when she was Secretary of State under President Obama.

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We can talk now to our correspondent in Washington, Barbara Plett Usher.

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My introduction does not quite capture the intensity of feeling

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that this issue has aroused. No, this e-mail saga has been going on

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for some time. It has dealt quite a political blow to Mrs Clinton as she

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has been campaigning to become president. This is the latest twist

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in a saga that continues to go on. This was an internal audit by the

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State Department. It found that she broke garment rules on handling

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e-mails. She shoots -- she should've asked for permission to set up a

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private e-mail server, which she did not. She should have handed over

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e-mails for government record immediately when she left office,

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which she did not, only much later. This report said there were

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long-term systemic albums with the State Department handling of

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e-mails, going back to previous secretaries, which is something that

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the Clinton campaign has pointed out. At the same time they say that

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the guidelines for dealing with e-mails were more advanced and

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up-to-date when she was in office so she was more probable. And there is

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political fallout from this. Whether it is there not, voters seem to be

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telling opinion pollsters, we're not sure if we trust Hillary Clinton.

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The polls have shown that the e-mail saga has had an impact on views of

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how trustworthy she is. When the Republican presumptive nominee

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Donald Trump has been using the e-mails in his attacks on her, and

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can also look at Hillary, so he will be using this as ammunition as part

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of that campaign. This report was pending. It was hanging over her. It

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is now out. It is done towards the end of the primaries and before the

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timing of the general election campaign so maybe the timing will be

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beneficial to her. The other report is an FBI one into whether she was

:12:23.:12:27.

involved in mishandling classified information, which is a more serious

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thing in its consequences. It does not look like they will press

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charges, but we don't know for sure, yet, so she will be waiting now on

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the results of that investigation. Now, this next story could be quite

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disturbing for those who cherish their cars,

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or medieval Italy. A 200-metre section of the

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embankment of the River Arno in central

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Florence has collapsed, sending part of the road

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and at least 20 parked cars The embankment is at a central point

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in this historic city. The collapse is just metres

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from the famous Ponte Vecchio covered bridge, which was built

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in the 14th century. Fox Emerson lives

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right near the site. This happen overnight, didn't it?

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Your neighbours heard some loud noises coming from the river. Yes.

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There was lots of flooding last night. It started around mid night.

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The noises were around 6am. It sounded like an earthquake to many

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of the locals coming from the road next to the Ponte Vecchio. So, did

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you all rush out to see what was going on? I happen to be awake at

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6am and because they had no gas or water I went for a walk along the

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river. When I first went, it had not been cordoned off. When I went back

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a couple of others later it had been cordoned off. What do you think had

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caused it, or is it obvious what had caused it? I thought the river had

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somehow gone through the wall into the road. It turns out it is just a

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burst pipe under the main pathway. It is pretty close to some fairly

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well-known spots in historic Florence. It is scarily close to the

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Ponte Vecchio and the two main bridges. People will Bory that

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whatever has caused this collapse could ripple further. -- will worry.

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There is that fear, yes. What more have you been told about what the

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authorities have been doing 's this must have caused disruption for you.

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I still don't have running water or gas. Lots of people are in that

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situation. That is just inconvenience for one day. We don't

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know the extent of the damage. All we know is what we have seen on the

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Internet and on the news. Thank you for helping is out, and good luck

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getting your utilities restored. Once the standard for luxurious

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travel across the Atlantic, this week marks the 80th anniversary

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of the Queen Mary's maiden voyage. Currently, a museum

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and hotel in California, the ship's role in saving Jews

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from the Nazis It's emerged that hundreds of Jews

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fleeing Germany and Austria used

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the Queen Mary to get out of Europe. Duncan Kennedy has this remarkable

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story. ARCHIVE: Southampton.

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This really was it. First for speed and the

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last word in luxury. The Queen Mary transformed

:15:35.:15:36.

transatlantic sailing. But her maiden voyage coincided

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with the rise of the Nazis. And a scramble among Jews to get

:15:41.:15:47.

out. We were hit all the time by these

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gangsters, I call them. For many like Ludwig Katzenstein,

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the Queen Mary would become He fled Germany in 1938

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with his two older brothers. In a perilous journey

:15:57.:16:04.

with their parents, they were arrested by the Gestapo

:16:05.:16:09.

and had to telegraph the Queen Mary That was in Cherbourg. Incredibly,

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he did. I don't have the words

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in the dictionary to praise him. That this man was so good and waited

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for us those six hours, the crucial point. That is why I'm

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able to sit here and make this film. That captain was Robert Irving

:16:37.:16:41.

from Dumfriesshire. He broke every rule

:16:42.:16:47.

to save Ludwig's family. Today Captain Irving's relatives say

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he was a man of compassion. It was clearly a personal

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decision, you know? He would not have

:16:59.:17:04.

been instructed to do that. And it shows a lot of, in my view,

:17:05.:17:06.

considerable humanity. New research now shows thousands

:17:07.:17:09.

of Jews were saved They included Robert Tannenbaum,

:17:10.:17:11.

seen here during his actual escape, One life abandoned,

:17:12.:17:18.

but safety ahead. This is me with my sunglasses.

:17:19.:17:28.

Clearly the weather And to this day, Robert

:17:29.:17:31.

remains grateful. The bottom line is the Queen Mary

:17:32.:17:35.

saved me and my mum The Queen Mary left Southampton

:17:36.:17:39.

for the last time in 1967 and was brought here to Long Beach,

:17:40.:17:51.

California, to become

:17:52.:17:55.

a floating hotel and museum. Her role in helping Jews escape

:17:56.:17:57.

the Nazis lost in history. But now on this, the 80th

:17:58.:18:00.

anniversary of her maiden voyage, this remarkable story

:18:01.:18:03.

can finally be told. These are some of the generations

:18:04.:18:08.

of Jews given life after their families made it

:18:09.:18:11.

out on the Queen Mary. They survived, whilst millions

:18:12.:18:14.

more did not escape, And another refugee

:18:15.:18:18.

from Nazi Germany is at the heart

:18:19.:18:33.

of this feature. We think we know what the great

:18:34.:18:35.

global cities look like, so it's always fascinating to get

:18:36.:18:38.

a different insight. That's what's on offer

:18:39.:18:40.

with a new exhibition of images called Unseen London,

:18:41.:18:43.

Paris and New York - pictures taken by three

:18:44.:18:44.

major photographers They've just gone on show

:18:45.:18:46.

at the Ben Uri Gallery With me is the exhibition's curator,

:18:47.:18:50.

Katy Barron. Welcome to the programme. We have

:18:51.:20:03.

three photographers and three cities. Let's start in London with

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Wolfgang Suschitzky who was an Austrian who fled to London. He came

:20:11.:20:19.

to London in 1934, in order to escape. Not really because he was

:20:20.:20:24.

Jewish, but more because he was a socialist and wanted to get away

:20:25.:20:28.

from the rise of Nazism. He was looking through the eyes of an

:20:29.:20:33.

outsider and London and showing something a bit different.

:20:34.:20:38.

Absolutely. He said that when he arrived, he could see things that

:20:39.:20:42.

Londoners couldn't see. He saw through the eyes of strangers,

:20:43.:20:46.

something that we take for granted, something like buses, he photographs

:20:47.:20:52.

with wonder. And the gloom and doom, the depression, the smog, these were

:20:53.:20:56.

coming across because they were so different from Vienna. This was a

:20:57.:21:06.

shop front, a museum front, on Oxford Street at the heart of

:21:07.:21:10.

London. This is extraordinary. What are we looking at? We are looking at

:21:11.:21:14.

effectively a place of entertainment, someone has set up an

:21:15.:21:23.

exhibition of wax dioramas, there was a children's section with Disney

:21:24.:21:29.

characters and Bing Crosby, and also a section where you could see Nazi

:21:30.:21:34.

atrocities. This was during the war itself. It was put up in 1944,

:21:35.:21:40.

interestingly. It raises questions as to what was actually known in

:21:41.:21:46.

Britain during the war. It could not have been in a more mainstream

:21:47.:21:50.

place. Let's move on to Paris and the 50s, Dorothy Bohm who was born

:21:51.:21:59.

in East Prussia, she toured in England and went to Paris. She,

:22:00.:22:09.

again, was a refugee from the Nazis. His father bash back her father put

:22:10.:22:12.

his camera around her neck before she got on the train to England. She

:22:13.:22:16.

did not then see her parents for 20 years. Another extraordinary story.

:22:17.:22:22.

She first went to Paris in 1947 and fell in love with the city and was

:22:23.:22:25.

fortunate enough to go back and live there in the 50s for one year. Her

:22:26.:22:30.

husband was quite successful so she did not have to work. She was able

:22:31.:22:33.

to roam the streets of Paris, seeing the city without Agger this, without

:22:34.:22:40.

any sort of agenda -- without prejudice. And that comes across in

:22:41.:22:45.

these photos. And Neil Libbert was an English newspaper photojournalist

:22:46.:22:52.

who goes to New York in the 60s. He was there at a time of the race

:22:53.:23:00.

riots and of great tension. He photographed in Harlem in the 60s,

:23:01.:23:08.

1964, during the race riots. The image that we see now was taken in

:23:09.:23:12.

1968. It was a very interesting image. The gaze of a woman is quite

:23:13.:23:18.

confrontational and perhaps aggressive, and it is interesting to

:23:19.:23:21.

know that Neil was definitely a ladies man. He was happy to try to

:23:22.:23:27.

photograph a beautiful woman on the subway despite her unfriendly glare.

:23:28.:23:33.

That could be a modern image, couldn't it? Absolutely. Thank you

:23:34.:23:39.

for coming in. We have been bringing you reports about the scientific

:23:40.:23:49.

revolution in China and our correspondent has been under a

:23:50.:23:53.

mountain in China joining Saint is looking for some of the most elusive

:23:54.:24:03.

particles in the universe. Scientists are on the trail of one

:24:04.:24:07.

of the most elusive particles ever known. They are called neutrinos and

:24:08.:24:11.

they are absolutely everywhere. Even as I am speaking to you, trillions

:24:12.:24:16.

of them are streaming through me. The only problem is that you cannot

:24:17.:24:20.

see or feel them and they are incredibly difficult to study. But

:24:21.:24:24.

in there, they think they have cracked it. The walls have been

:24:25.:24:29.

carved out of granite and we are travelling hundreds of metres under

:24:30.:24:36.

the rock. That is important if you want to find those particles. You

:24:37.:24:39.

have to be sheltered from cosmic rays, the space weather, that

:24:40.:24:47.

bombards the surface of the Earth. The other thing I shall tell you

:24:48.:24:50.

while we are underground is that neutrinos do not behave like we

:24:51.:24:56.

expect them to. They do something no other particle can do. They are

:24:57.:25:01.

constantly changing. They have three very different forms, swapping from

:25:02.:25:05.

one to the other and back again. It is this that scientists are trying

:25:06.:25:11.

to understand. It is a golden age of study for neutrinos. Many

:25:12.:25:19.

experiments are going on and are under construction and we expect

:25:20.:25:22.

them to be discovered in the near future. This is the heart of the

:25:23.:25:30.

experiment. Beneath these covers is a giant tank full of water and

:25:31.:25:37.

inside are the detectors. These are able to spot the very rare occasions

:25:38.:25:44.

that neutrinos bump into regular particles. So far they have found

:25:45.:25:48.

millions of them. It means that they are finally getting close to

:25:49.:25:51.

cracking how they work. This is vital because neutrinos are thought

:25:52.:25:57.

to have played an essential role in the early universe, and

:25:58.:26:01.

understanding them could up -- could transform our understanding of the

:26:02.:26:05.

Cosmos. That's all. Thank you for watching.

:26:06.:26:15.

With that crowd today it has felt chilly. It will be with

:26:16.:26:16.

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