26/05/2016 World News Today


26/05/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Philippa Thomas.

:00:00.:00:00.

France is hit by a wave of industrial action.

:00:00.:00:13.

16 people are arrested as protestors and police clash in Paris.

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Motorways are blocked and flights delayed.

:00:18.:00:20.

Incredible scenes in the Mediterranean Sea as the Italian

:00:21.:00:22.

coast guard saves 4000 migrants in just one day.

:00:23.:00:29.

The Associated Press delegate count has him finally totting up enough

:00:30.:00:35.

support to win the Republican Party nomination for the presidency

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Revved up and ready to go - we talk Top Gear with the show's

:00:38.:00:50.

Hello and welcome. France is in a mess today. Thousands of petrol

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stations running dry, let's delayed, tries that, riot police clashing

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with protesters on the streets. It is fallout from the Government's

:01:24.:01:28.

controversial labour reforms which trade unionists are determined to

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push back in a dispute that has already run for two months. The

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reform is end funds's cherished 35 hour working week leading companies

:01:37.:01:40.

negotiate working weeks of up to 46 hours and also give bosses powers to

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reduce pay and shed jobs. Lucy Williamson send us report.

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Centuries ago, they marched for liberty, equality.

:01:51.:01:51.

Today it was for overtime wages and the 35-hour week.

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Unions here say the government is trying to boost the economy

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The government says it's simply trying to create more

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jobs for young people, like these two young women.

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If we just start to give away our rights, what would it be next?

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We have to say we are not agree and we will fight until the end.

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We want our rights to be equal, our future generation,

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our generation, the former generation, we all need these

:02:30.:02:35.

Many in France accept the need for a more flexible economy,

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but among the unions there is a sense of anger

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and betrayal that a socialist government could be the one

:02:48.:02:49.

Hours after the government said it would consider modifications

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to its labour reforms, this is the response of the unions:

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more demonstrations, more strikes, more disruption.

:03:00.:03:04.

With petrol stations running out of fuel,

:03:05.:03:06.

oil tankers wait outside French ports, sitting out the strikes.

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The protesters may be a minority, but they drive France's trains,

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work its nuclear plants and process its oil.

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With strikes beginning to bite, the prime minister has hinted

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TRANSLATION: It's out of the question to change

:03:24.:03:35.

the framework of the labour reform, but there can always be some

:03:36.:03:38.

But union leaders say that unless the law is scrapped,

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Because this dispute - over pay, working hours,

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and the role of the unions - is also the battle between two

:03:52.:03:54.

The Italian coast guard says some 4000 migrants have been rescued

:03:55.:04:07.

from the Mediterranean Sea today in 22 separate operations.

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It follows yesterday's dramatic pictures of a boat capsizing

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off the coast of Libya, with at least five deaths but more

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than 500 migrants being rescued from the Mediterranean

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James Reynolds is in Porto Empedocle in Sicily.

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Italy's navy approaches the migrants' overcrowded boat.

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On deck, the migrants are desperate to see the rescuers.

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They crowd forward causing the boat to tilt.

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A handful find refuge on the overturned hull.

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They try to reach the rescue boats in front of them.

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The Navy has just minutes to save hundreds from drowning.

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The captain of the rescue ship orders his sailors to throw life

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The Navy dispatches a smaller rescue boat.

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He is too exhausted to show any relief.

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More make it onto the overturned hull.

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In the end, the Navy rescues almost everyone it finds.

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This afternoon, the rescue ship arrived here in Sicily.

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The survivors of the shipwreck are lucky to be alive.

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They will believe that they owed their lives to the Italian rescuers

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who picked them from the sea, and who have now brought

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I asked him to describe what happened.

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We needed to throw into the water as much as we could,

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whatever was able to float, we sent it into the water,

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so people were able to catch it and grab on it and stay alive.

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Italy will question the survivors further.

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Who, if anyone, was steering the migrant boat, and might

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The country's Navy is still at work in the Mediterranean.

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These pictures, shot earlier today, show migrants waving for their lives

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James Reynolds, BBC News, Sicily.

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The UK's latest migration figures have been seized on by the Leave

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campaign in the EU referendum debate to bolster their argument that

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Net migration to the UK - that's the difference

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between the numbers coming and leaving -

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That's the second highest level ever recorded.

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More than half - 184,000 - came from inside the EU.

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The Government says this figure is too high, but it insists it's

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sticking to its aim of getting the number down below

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Our political correspondent Rob Watson is in Boston

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in Eastern England, home to a high number of European migrant workers.

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We asked him for more on the fallout from these figures.

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These figures are very bad news indeed for those campaigning

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for Britain to remain, led by David Cameron.

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The Prime Minister had promised to reduce net migration to the tens

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of thousands annually, but I think more broadly

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than that we can say there clearly is concern across the UK

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about the levels of immigration, in particular from the

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European Union and beyond as well, so this is undoubtedly

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a very sticky moment, a bad day for those campaigning

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There is undoubtedly a lot of tension here, and I think

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that is because the change has been on such a large-scale, and so rapid.

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A few years ago, less than a decade ago, you would probably find no EU

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migrants here, and now it is 15, 20, maybe even more,

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I think one has to be incredibly careful, though,

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to say that this is rather atypical, it is that the top of the migration

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table, but having said that, even parts of the UK

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where immigration levels haven't been so high,

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But I'll just throw this point out there.

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The Remain campaigners know this is a very sticky,

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What of course, they are hoping for, is that on June 23,

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the day of the referendum, voters won't be thinking so much

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about immigration, but other issues that help them,

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such as the economy and security, those things which they think

:08:58.:09:01.

The US Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has reached

:09:02.:09:13.

the number of delegates needed to secure the party's

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presidential nomination, according to the Associated Press

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news agency, whose count we've been following since this process began.

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The last few delegates to put Mr Trump over the top

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were so-called unbound delegates, including state party officials,

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who have now told the AP they will support Mr Trump

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Let's get more from the BBC's Anthony Zurcher in Washington.

:09:32.:09:44.

So, do we now say Donald Trump is the delegate numbers, he has done it

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and we are thinking how mighty face, let's see, Hillary Clinton in

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November? I think it is safe to say he has the numbers but we knew that

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before it was only a matter of time before he hit that magic 1237

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number. He would have done it by winning California in a few weeks.

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This allows us to really say he will be on the stage and he will be the

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one where the balloons come down in the convention and accept the

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nomination and start thinking about what a Donald Trump versus Hillary

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Clinton face-off would look like. Hillary Clinton as well seems to be

:10:21.:10:23.

any good position to lock up the nomination. She has a big lead over

:10:24.:10:27.

Bernie Sanders. We are getting ready for the main event and we are

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looking ahead to it. And yet even as you say it looks like Trump versus

:10:32.:10:35.

Clinton, Bernie Sanders is not giving up on the left and I see that

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he and Trump have both said they would be up to debate each other,

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what is going on there? It happened on a late-night talk show last night

:10:45.:10:50.

here in the States. Donald Trump was asked and apparently it was a

:10:51.:10:53.

question planted by Bernie Sanders whether he would debate Bernie

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Sanders because Bernie Sanders and wanted to debate Hillary Clinton and

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she said no and Trump said yes, sure, if we don't bet -- donate the

:11:03.:11:06.

money to charity, we will debate and Bernie Sanders said game on on

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Twitter. It would be pretty dramatic television where two members of

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different parties based off before they became the General Election

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candidate of the weighty reports that Trump's people are saying it

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was just a joke and he was having some fun, they aren't actually going

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to face-off. An interesting parallel because this would be the clash of

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the outsiders. These are the two men in the race we were saying the only

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sub let you down. In a way they are both turning their fire on Mrs

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Clinton. It would have been incredibly bad news by Hillary

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Clinton. I think she wanted to avoid another face-off against Bernie

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Sanders. She couldn't get anything out of it, she just wanted to ride

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the wave and Seal up the nomination but she wasn't on that stage, Donald

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Trump presenting himself as the republican nominee who can reach

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across the aisle and maybe pick up some supporters on the other side by

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taking a few swings at Bernie Sanders and we will put him on a

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platform with the republican nominee, it would make him look like

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he could face-off against Donald Trump and do away with some of these

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ideas that he wasn't big enough to be able to handle that stage, it

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would have been interesting to see. There are still three people on the

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stage. Antony, thank you very much. Laws to protect and promote

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breastfeeding especially for working mothers,

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are rare - that's according to a recent report by

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the World Health Organisation. In fact out of 194 countries

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surveyed, only about a fifth have fully implemented WHO guidelines

:12:29.:12:31.

for feeding babies. Its parliament has approved a law

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that requires employers to provide breastfeeding

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facilities at the work. BBC Africa's Health Correspondent

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Anne Soy has been finding out how After breakfast, it's time

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to prepare the baby for work. Grace is one of the few Kenyan women

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who can This is a routine her six-month-old

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is now used to. Grace has mastered

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the art of juggling It's a balance she

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credits her employer for When she gets to the

:13:09.:13:11.

office, she first takes the baby to the creche and gives

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instructions to the nannies. Both male and female

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employees of the mobile service provider Safaricom can

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bring their children to work. Nursing mothers take breaks

:13:26.:13:29.

to feed their I can express when I work,

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if I come with the baby I am I'm comfortable knowing we have

:13:32.:13:41.

professionals handling my baby when I'm at work, because they are

:13:42.:13:49.

professional nannies. Grace says she was able

:13:50.:13:53.

to feed her baby with only breastmilk for six months before

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introducing other foods. She intends to continue

:13:57.:13:58.

breast-feeding until her She is following the World

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Heath Organisation's The organisation

:14:01.:14:05.

says it helps babies build immunity, hit milestones

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on time and become more intelligent. The Kenyan parliament recently

:14:09.:14:14.

approved a law requiring employers to provide breast-feeding

:14:15.:14:18.

stations at the workplace. With the exceptions of Safaricom,

:14:19.:14:20.

which had already implemented that, many

:14:21.:14:24.

employers are arguing that it is not going to be practical

:14:25.:14:27.

because it is expensive. A large part of our workforce,

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three quarters, actually, 75, 80%,

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is in the informal sector. This informal sector is supposed

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to provide the same benefits as the formal sector

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employer, so they should have a way of thinking about the cost sharing

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element between government and employers, so that we need to be

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objective without pushing the cost of doing business even higher

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than what it already is. As it is, the employers

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representatives say the law could make it harder for women

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of reproductive age to get jobs, and that raises concerns

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whether having laws to promote breast-feeding,

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like in Kenya's case, is

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ultimately beneficial. An Executive director at the leading

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provider of insurance in west Africa provides us -- joins us. What is

:15:29.:15:32.

your reaction to this law that has been passed in Kenya? Wow, I think

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it is an amazing and fantastic four. Mothers being able to take their

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kids to work and being able to have a safe and comfortable environment

:15:46.:15:49.

to nurse their babies is fantastic. Do you think there is a problem at

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the moment with women not going back to work soon enough or at all

:15:54.:15:59.

because they have got infants? Oh, yes, I definitely think so. I think

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that most mothers have to make a very hard choice when that baby

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comes. I think if they haven't had any kids and you have your first

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child, you have a hard choice when the baby comes because a lot of

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organisations are not very friendly to nursing mothers. You are a

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corporate Executive, that's what I wanted to ask you, do you think a

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lot of businesses will say this is too much hassle, they don't like

:16:22.:16:24.

this and they will be reluctant to provide the facilities in practice?

:16:25.:16:32.

Well, OK, I think it will be have and that. I think with my policies

:16:33.:16:38.

when they are enacted, I think people usually have a bit of an

:16:39.:16:42.

issue trying to comply because it will take a bit of tweaking to

:16:43.:16:45.

provide breast pumps for you to provide a place for mothers can

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nurse, to provide a refrigerator, especially in a country where lights

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apply is not constant but if it is enforced think people will do it.

:16:57.:16:59.

When policies are enforced people don't have a choice but I think it

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should be enforced because most mothers will probably find it easier

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to work better and also come back to work. Are these the kind of

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facilities that you provided your company? My company doesn't provide

:17:11.:17:18.

all these facilities. We have a lot to learn from Kenya, obviously, but

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we do try to provide some concessions for nursing mothers more

:17:25.:17:27.

so than the law provides. But do you think Kenya is setting a precedent

:17:28.:17:31.

that Nigeria for example could follow? Certainly, yes, I do. Thank

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you for joining us from Lagos. Thank you.

:17:40.:17:43.

For petrolheads the wait is nearly over.

:17:44.:17:44.

Top Gear is back and Chris Evans is behind the wheel, leading a brand

:17:45.:17:48.

The show is no stranger to controversy and while Clarkson,

:17:49.:17:51.

Hammond and May have left, it's still been

:17:52.:17:53.

In his only TV interview ahead of the new series,

:17:54.:17:56.

Chris Evans told the BBC's Louise Minchin the truth behind

:17:57.:17:59.

some of the rumours, including whether he'd really fallen

:18:00.:18:01.

Are you excited to be part of this massive programme,

:18:02.:18:20.

one of the most watched in the world?

:18:21.:18:22.

For the last 11 months and two weeks, how long I have had the job,

:18:23.:18:29.

people have said, you must be so excited.

:18:30.:18:32.

That was the furthest emotion from my tummy because it was all

:18:33.:18:35.

We have done it now and now I am excited.

:18:36.:18:39.

My job, I have to make the programme, I have

:18:40.:18:47.

to think about locations, which car to get, why can't I get

:18:48.:18:50.

That means there is no room for the excitement.

:18:51.:18:58.

Have you talked to the other side?

:18:59.:19:05.

It is not the star in the reasonably priced car.

:19:06.:19:18.

Hopefully it will be full of superstars as well.

:19:19.:19:36.

Top Gear has had the scent of a ferocious media storm.

:19:37.:19:38.

I think with certain aspects of the media,

:19:39.:19:48.

this was the perfect storm, you know?

:19:49.:19:58.

With instantaneous 24-hour broadcasting, they have been dealt

:19:59.:20:00.

out of a lot of stories because of the lead in time.

:20:01.:20:03.

This is a story they can play with because it is not one happening

:20:04.:20:06.

in Canada at 2am and they had no chance of getting to the party.

:20:07.:20:09.

But the things they started with were so mad and so made up that

:20:10.:20:19.

You will be sitting down calmly on Sunday watching this?

:20:20.:20:28.

Well, I might not be sitting down watching it calmly because Matt

:20:29.:20:31.

and I might be making another film in Norway but we don't find out

:20:32.:20:34.

until half-an-hour from now, because that is how Top Gear is.

:20:35.:20:39.

If we are not in Norway Matt and I will be together having...

:20:40.:20:43.

Not hiding behind a sofa because we have seen it anyway.

:20:44.:20:53.

we will take you now to the Donald Trump campaign rally in North Dakota

:20:54.:21:00.

because he announced he has enough delegates to win the republican

:21:01.:21:03.

nomination. As far as he is concerned it is official. Bill

:21:04.:21:08.

Esterson. I have to say the IRS has been very professional and they

:21:09.:21:13.

continue to be very professional... He is talking about his tax returns

:21:14.:21:20.

which had been very controversial. I don't know what that's all about but

:21:21.:21:24.

the IRS has been very professional and as we move along, as soon as it

:21:25.:21:31.

is finished, hopefully it'll be before the election, I am fine with

:21:32.:21:38.

that, OK? Do you pay some federal taxes? I do. Yes. In the wake of the

:21:39.:21:51.

thing about Hillary Clinton's e-mails you said you have doubts

:21:52.:21:55.

about whether she can stay in the race, are saying that she should

:21:56.:22:02.

pull out of the race? I want to run against her. She has bad judgment.

:22:03.:22:07.

This was bad judgment, probably illegal, we will have to find out

:22:08.:22:11.

what the FBI says about it but it is bad judgment. I just read the

:22:12.:22:16.

report. The report is devastating. It is devastating. There is no

:22:17.:22:19.

reason for it. Skirting on the edge... He is referring to the State

:22:20.:22:25.

Department report on Hillary Clinton's use of private e-mails.

:22:26.:22:34.

Appointed by Democrats, Obama, done by Democrats, it is shocking to see

:22:35.:22:38.

what she did. More than anything else it is bad judgment but that is

:22:39.:22:41.

up to her whether she wants to continue running. You talk a lot

:22:42.:22:46.

about uniting the republican party but I noticed in New Mexico you went

:22:47.:22:53.

after the governor there. Does this change your approach at all? I think

:22:54.:23:01.

it will. I haven't yet, I think I will but I haven't had the support

:23:02.:23:05.

of the governor of New Mexico. Which is fine. That is everybody's right.

:23:06.:23:10.

I imagine she will come over to my site. If you look at what has

:23:11.:23:13.

happened, tremendous support from all over the country. Senators,

:23:14.:23:17.

congressmen, we have governors all over the place and the vast

:23:18.:23:23.

majority, I think the approval now is up to over 90%. That is

:23:24.:23:26.

tremendous and where I started. A little while ago it was 62%. I won

:23:27.:23:33.

the elections as landslides. A very important to say. We go to New York,

:23:34.:23:38.

we were in almost 62% of the boat with three people running. Then

:23:39.:23:42.

Pennsylvania which is going to be a state I think we will be amazingly

:23:43.:23:47.

well. Hillary Clinton wants to put the coal miners out of business and

:23:48.:23:50.

the steel mills out of business. I think I will will Pennsylvania

:23:51.:23:54.

easily. I have tremendous support there. Mallon, Connecticut,

:23:55.:23:58.

Delaware, Rhode Island, then as you know we had a tremendous success

:23:59.:24:04.

when we went to Indiana, that was incredible. I helped in all fairness

:24:05.:24:08.

but we are going to win Indiana I think very big. We will have

:24:09.:24:12.

tremendous successes. The thing I think I am most proud of, not the

:24:13.:24:16.

fact that I am watching Hillary instead of Hillary watching me, we

:24:17.:24:21.

were supposed to be going into July and a lot of people said they would

:24:22.:24:26.

be a new convention in August and here I am watching Hillary fight and

:24:27.:24:30.

she can't close the deal. That should be such an easy deal to

:24:31.:24:34.

close. But she is unable to close the deal so I am watching her and we

:24:35.:24:36.

will see what happens. I was enquiring, are you planning on

:24:37.:24:51.

recognising tribal sovereignty on a nation to nation basis based upon

:24:52.:24:55.

the UN declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples which at the US

:24:56.:25:00.

had endorsed. I will have to look at that individually and they will be

:25:01.:25:02.

doing that. A number of people have asked me, I will be doing that, OK?

:25:03.:25:08.

What is your message to republicans that haven't yet supported you,

:25:09.:25:12.

people like Susanna Martinez, do you have something to say to her

:25:13.:25:16.

directly? No. We have tremendous support from almost everybody and if

:25:17.:25:20.

you look at Congress, support has been incredible. I spoke with Paul

:25:21.:25:24.

Ryan last night and we had a good conversation. He is a good man. We

:25:25.:25:30.

will see how that all works out. We had a very good talk. In that

:25:31.:25:45.

article... I didn't think they covered politics. You're watching a

:25:46.:25:49.

news conference from Donald Trump nudists aid security delegates to be

:25:50.:25:57.

the republican party nominee. For viewers on BBC Four, thank you for

:25:58.:25:59.

watching BBC World News Today. -- there is still a lot of

:26:00.:26:12.

uncertainty about the Bank Holiday forecast but Thursday

:26:13.:26:13.

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