27/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News today. History is made in Hiroshima.


Survivors watch as the US President and the Japanese Prime Minister pay


their respects to the 70,000 who died there. The memory of the


morning of August six 1945 has never faded. That memory allows us to


fight complacency. It fuels our moral imagination. Olympic chiefs


say 23 competitors from the London 2012 games have failed retrospective


doping tests. A final reckoning for Argentina in the next few hours of


court which will deliver a verdict on former military officers accused


of handing down and killing political opponents in South


America. A new adventure for an old


favourite, we celebrate 90 years of Winnie the Pooh.


We start in Japan where for the first time, a serving US President


has visited the first city destroyed by an American atomic bomb. At least


70,000 people killed in the shame on the 6th of August 19 45. Tens of


thousands more would go on to die from the effects. Three days later,


a second bomb killed at least 70,000 people in Nagasaki. The Americans


say the attacks did much to bring the war in Japan to an earlier end.


There was no apology from President Obama but speaking to an audience,


he reflected on the lessons from the day where death fell from the sky


and the world was changed. 71 years ago, a US President sent a


single bomb to destroy an entire Japanese city. Today, a holder of


the same office came here for the first time. Standing next to the


Japanese Prime Minister in a gesture of peace. It is impossible to deny


of course the deep significance of this moment, the huge media presence


are here to see the leader of the only country ever to have used an


atomic weapon, paying his respects in your Shima, a city that has come


to symbolise the perils of our nuclear age. On a bright, cloudless


morning, death fell from the sky is in the world was changed. A flash of


light and a wall of fire destroyed a city. And a demonstrated that


mankind possessed the means to destroy itself. From the instant of


that first blast, President Obama has made it clear that he is not


here to offer an apology. For an act his predecessors have argued was


necessary to end the war. I said to my friend, look, beautiful, the


aeroplane is beautiful, and pointed. This lady was 13 and as she pointed,


the bomb exploded in the sky above her. She still suffers the effects


of the serious burns today. What do you think about the visit by


President Obama? I was very happy to hear that because that is one step


towards peace. But, as always, a short distance from the President


stands an officer carrying America's new clear launch codes. It is a


reminder of the reality on the day strong on the symbolism and lofty


ideals. The BBC's correspondent told us what


it was like to be there today. A very historic and a significant day


and visit by the first ever existing, serving US President to be


visiting Hiroshima where the first ever atomic bomb was dropped just


about 71 years ago. Find me is the famous dome where actually we are


very close to the bridge which is believed to have been easy target


for the pilot to drop the bomb because of the capital. The mood


here has been quite relaxed in fact. Despite the fact that very tight


security, there were a lot of police officers, as you can imagine, but


when you speak to local residents, even though the President didn't


apologise for the bombing which killed hundreds of thousands of


people, the mood here has been quite positive and local residents say


they are quite glad that the serving US President has finally come to


visit, even though there was no official apology.


The UN refugee agency in Iraq says it has reports of people dying from


starvation in the village which Iraqi forces are fighting to take.


Around 50,000 civilians are trapped and food and other supplies are


extremely low. Spokesperson says only around 800 people have managed


to escape Iraqi government so far. Some 50,000 civilians still remain


trapped inside the ledger and they are prevented from escaping as the


government continues to come under heavy bombardment by the Iraqi


forces. Food has been in very short supply. We are hearing accounts that


people are relying on expired rice and dried dates and that is about it


for their diet. We have also heard reports of starvation related deaths


among the publishing their and this is from the people we have


interviewed who have escaped. Staying with Iraq, soldiers have


fired tear gas to disperse protesters who have gathered in


Baghdad. Several protesters were injured. Demonstrators loyal to the


Chirac Carrick have been calling for comprehensive reforms for months. A


few weeks ago, demonstrators blasted into Iraq Pablo Carreno Busta


parliament and government officers. Many drivers across France are still


having trouble finding fuel the result of strikes and blockades by


French trade unions. All but one of the union blockades have now been


cleared but shortages and long to use at petrol stations. President


Francois Hollande said he will stand firm on the changes to laws which


are wanted the strikes. A passenger plane has been evacuated


on the runway of an airport in Tokyo after an engine fire. All 300


passengers and crew were safely moved from flight. Firefighters


sprayed white foam onto the engine to extinguish the blaze.


One of the world's biggest cyber security firms is investigating


whether North Korea is behind attacks on computer systems used by


three banks in south-east Asia. They say it has detected the same rare


item in all three cases and in one attack more than $80 million was


stolen. The final verdict in an historic


human rights trial is expected in Argentina in the next couple of


hours. Operation Condor was a campaign of state-sponsored terror


organised by South American dictatorships in the 1970s. The US


backed regime conspired to hunt down, kill political opponents in


South America and beyond. 40 years ago, this man was kidnapped


and held illegally in this old workshop in Buenos Aires. She was


tortured before being sent back to her native country. In the process,


she was separated from her son. They were reunited 26 years later. I


think that I spend most of the time here. The cold was terrible but the


screams or worse. The screams of those being tortured with the first


thing you heard and they made you shiver. That is why there was a


radio blasting day and night. What affects me most here is this


staircase. They took the upstairs and that is where the questioning


and the torture started. I think I screamed. I realised it was a sign


of life and it was impossible to hold back and if you screamed, the


others knew that you were alive. During the Cold War, South American


dictatorships came together to systematically eliminate opponents.


It was a transnational plan called operation Condor. Over the past


three years, the historic trial in Argentina has specifically focused


on this conspiracy. This trial is different to other human rights


trials, there is an overwhelming number of documents. We are not


talking about what happened in one detention centre or in one location


in Argentina, we're talking about what happened in Argentina, Uruguay,


Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. Uruguayans like Sarah consider


Friday's sentence especially symbolic because courts in their


home country have never tried ex-military for torture. Among the


18 defendants there is also a former Uruguayan colonel. It's a milestone


in human rights and like in the past where we had international courts,


what we have here is a domestic court in Argentina which is


prosecuting transnational crimes that were committed in an organised


fashion by six dates in Latin America. Testimonies of survivors of


torture centres have been fundamental in determining the scope


of operation Condor. Today, 40 years later, Sarah and many others will


finally see some justice. Brazilian police are searching for


more than 30 men suspected of raping a 16-year-old girl and then posting


videos of the attack on line. The teenager reportedly went to her


boyfriend 's house in real on Saturday before waking up naked and


surrounded by armed men. Arrest warrants have been issued including


one for the girls boyfriend. And it is from the Woodlands rights


organisation that operates in Rio de Janeiro. I imagine that you were


shocked by this video but not surprised? Yes, I am shocked and I


am surprised to because it's something that no one was expecting


because we say that here in Brazil, we have a great future but this is


something that we never expected because it is just really, really


strange. What about it was so unexpected for you when we know how


many rape cases go unreported and prosecuted in Brazil? Is coming here


in Brazil we have a lot of rapeseed -- rape cases but not in this


intensity. The video itself is very shocking but also what is still


chilling also is the comment that people have made, that this girl


seems to be blamed for what happened to her? Is, they said something


about her clothes, like she was asking for it. Always trying to


justify the action and we know something that cannot be justified.


Tell us what your organisation is trying to do? The women's movement


in Brazil, this was really unexpected for all of us and so we


are a little shocked at this moment and we really don't know what to do


in the first moment. We are trying to make the press that some


attention on this, making campaigns. Also trying to break this idea of


these people who want to justify this type of action. If you can hear


me, what exactly do you think is the problem? Is a way the police deal


with cases or is it just the social attitudes to attacks on women? It is


the social attitudes because it's something that is really


internalised on people, especially men. When we talk about rape, we


talk about power so it's not about just sex, it's about a man trying to


put their power and subjugating women. So it is one of the things


that was really used in tortures and this shows how men and women are


different in this world. Thank you very much for joining us.


The International Olympic Committee says 23 more athletes have tested


positive for doping. The IOC says the athletes were from five sports


and of six different nationalities. They didn't give any further details


citing legal reasons. I have been asking our correspondent if we know


any more information. We don't know the names of the athletes or the


substances tested positive for. The IOC will not reveal that information


until the samples have been analysed and if they come back positive, then


they might reveal their names. If they come back positive, the


athletes will have a hearing where they can put forward any information


that they may have which may have led to this binding. If they are


happy with that, they can ban the athlete was stripped them from any


medals. It's a process because the athlete can take this to


arbitration. These were targeted tests of the IOC would have done a


risk assessment and figured out certain nations which were at higher


risk. This follows the recent retesting of samples from the


Beijing Olympics. You know that 31 of those samples came back positive


and the Russian Olympic committee have said 14 are from their


athletes. Wanting to almost give this game a


clean bill of health. It has been very topical. They want to avoid a


major scandal going into the real Olympics. This also shows the size


of the challenge. If you remember in the lead up to London 2012, the


organisers and scientists said they had state of the art facilities,


there would be more tests, they would test for more samples. This


shows people will always find a way to beat the system. Sometimes, there


is a lag in that information. That is why the IOC and authorities store


the samples for ten years, go back and retest them as the test


procedures become more sophisticated. They say this process


is still ongoing. There aren't many books authors who have changed the


way we think about the world but the selfish Gene published by Richard


Dawkins is one. Philippa Thomas of the man himself mind is of the


central idea behind his selfish gene theory and more about his


controversial bestselling book, the delusion. In Darwinian natural


selection, which is the process that gives rise to all life, the thing


that is selected is the gene. Once you understand that, then a whole


lot of things fall into place and make sense. They made sense in 1976


and make sense today. As you look back at the number of books you have


written, and your career as a scientist and educator, how would


you describe the difference that you hope you have made? I certainly hope


I have changed the minds of biologists and I think I sort of


power. If you watch what biologists do in the field in the Serengeti or


the Galapagos, you will find the questions they ask up things like,


what is the good of this behaviour for the animals genes? I hope I have


done that. I hope I have made some difference to the number of people


who accept evolution. In America, 40% of people don't today. And I


hope into the books you mentioned, all about that advocating evolution


by natural selection, I hope I have made a difference there. As for the


God delusion, I think that has caused quite a number of people to


change their minds in a good direction. You mentioned America


there and it is a fact that in many parts of the States, creationism is


too taught in schools, there is a creationist museum in Kentucky and


there are active intellectuals to you all thought. It's deplorable and


is fuelled by ignorance. There is no informed educated opposition to


evolution. It's entirely pushed by people who have no education or


understanding. What you think about the fact of 40 years after the


selfish Gene, the ideas of creationism are in some schools in


the UK which are very attractive to a significant number of people. They


are not in state schools legally. There are some schools where it is


pushed and some teachers, although they pay lip service to the official


syllabus including evolution, they will tip the wink to the students


don't believe it themselves. That is unfortunately true in Islamic


schools. I have heard stories of colleagues were medical students,


grown-up medical students, have actually walked out of evolution in


the example University College London because they are about


evolution, which is a closed mindedness and not something we like


to see in our doctors. I want to also raised with you something we


have covered a lot in the last few weeks which is what is happening in


Bangladesh, where a number of atheist bloggers or secular


bloggers, activists, academics have been hacked by machetes. There


atheism more secularism is a big threat. You don't need me to told


you how deplorable that is. What I think is especially deplorable is


that the motive for these hideous murders are simply religion. That's


all it is. It's a disagreement about ideas and that's very unpleasant and


very serious if people can be hacked to death simply expressing a view


about the cosmos, life, morality, not for anything they have done, not


for supporting a political point of view which the murderous disagree


with. It's just ideas. That's a shocking thing. If ever someone was


on the right place at the right time, the surgeon whose name was


given to the anti-choking manoeuvre he has developed has used the


technique himself at the age of 96 to save and 87-year-old woman.


Doctor Henry Heimlich performed his famous manoeuvre on a fellow


resident at the retirement move where he lives. He dislodged a piece


of hamburger from Patti's airway after she had been choking and


unable to breathe. The manoeuvre involves pushing up hard against the


choking person's rib cage to shift the blockage. Archaeologists in


Boston have uncovered a shipwreck from the 1800 's. It was discovered


during the construction of the building. The harbour area. The


vessel was partially burned and had been carrying life. I don't think


you will have missed the fact that Queen Elizabeth is celebrating her


90th birthday this year but so was a very fair must air, Winnie the Pooh.


To mark the joint birthday, a new story has been written called Winnie


the Pooh and the Royal birthday. There, announced Christopher Robin.


That harm is fit for a queen. Winnie the Pooh, Piglet, Christopher Robin


and it all, much loved literary characters. They are taking a


special present to the Queen. The story has been rated by Jim


Broadbent. It's a lovely story. It celebrates the Queen's 90th birthday


and it also celebrates Winnie the Pooh's 90th birthday. The first bear


was called after him. I have loved being part of this story. It has


been an honour to narrate the story. The first Winnie the Pooh Beck was


published in 1926. Christopher Robin was named after his son. One of the


early books was dedicated to the baby Princess Elizabeth and as her


child she was said to be a fan of Winnie the Pooh but the two haven't


met until now. All at once, there was a stirring in the crowd and a


murmur rose up. It's the Queen! She was greeting the crowd as she went.


As part of the new adventure, Winnie the Pooh and his friend pass by


Harrods which is described as one very grand shop which Winnie the


Pooh found strangely familiar. Fans will know it was familiar because


the stories were based on a real teddy bear that was bought from


Harrods. This is the closest to what the original Winnie the Pooh was


like. Christopher Robin's mother bore Winnie the Pooh in Harrods in


1921 for Christopher Robin's first birthday. She didn't know then that


he would turn into the most famous pair in the world. He was a British


made Alpha teddy bear, 18 inches, and would have cost 13 shillings and


sixpence, the equivalent of ?27 nowadays. Today, Winnie the Pooh has


been translated into more than 40 languages and this latest tale, he


needs a new generation. The Queen is said to have been happy for the


project to go ahead, celebrating a very special joint birthday with an


old friend. The Sydney Opera House in Australia has been lit up with


works by indigenous artists. It's part of the vivid Sydney Festival


which has become an annual event in the city. Let me leave you with a


taster of the spectacular light show being enjoyed by Sydneysiders.


The heat and humidity has seen thunderstorms through the


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