27/05/2016 World News Today


27/05/2016

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This is BBC World News today. History is made in Hiroshima.

:00:08.:00:15.

Survivors watch as the US President and the Japanese Prime Minister pay

:00:16.:00:18.

their respects to the 70,000 who died there. The memory of the

:00:19.:00:24.

morning of August six 1945 has never faded. That memory allows us to

:00:25.:00:37.

fight complacency. It fuels our moral imagination. Olympic chiefs

:00:38.:00:41.

say 23 competitors from the London 2012 games have failed retrospective

:00:42.:00:47.

doping tests. A final reckoning for Argentina in the next few hours of

:00:48.:00:51.

court which will deliver a verdict on former military officers accused

:00:52.:00:53.

of handing down and killing political opponents in South

:00:54.:00:57.

America. A new adventure for an old

:00:58.:01:00.

favourite, we celebrate 90 years of Winnie the Pooh.

:01:01.:01:16.

We start in Japan where for the first time, a serving US President

:01:17.:01:21.

has visited the first city destroyed by an American atomic bomb. At least

:01:22.:01:29.

70,000 people killed in the shame on the 6th of August 19 45. Tens of

:01:30.:01:33.

thousands more would go on to die from the effects. Three days later,

:01:34.:01:38.

a second bomb killed at least 70,000 people in Nagasaki. The Americans

:01:39.:01:41.

say the attacks did much to bring the war in Japan to an earlier end.

:01:42.:01:46.

There was no apology from President Obama but speaking to an audience,

:01:47.:01:51.

he reflected on the lessons from the day where death fell from the sky

:01:52.:02:00.

and the world was changed. 71 years ago, a US President sent a

:02:01.:02:03.

single bomb to destroy an entire Japanese city. Today, a holder of

:02:04.:02:11.

the same office came here for the first time. Standing next to the

:02:12.:02:14.

Japanese Prime Minister in a gesture of peace. It is impossible to deny

:02:15.:02:24.

of course the deep significance of this moment, the huge media presence

:02:25.:02:28.

are here to see the leader of the only country ever to have used an

:02:29.:02:33.

atomic weapon, paying his respects in your Shima, a city that has come

:02:34.:02:38.

to symbolise the perils of our nuclear age. On a bright, cloudless

:02:39.:02:46.

morning, death fell from the sky is in the world was changed. A flash of

:02:47.:02:56.

light and a wall of fire destroyed a city. And a demonstrated that

:02:57.:03:04.

mankind possessed the means to destroy itself. From the instant of

:03:05.:03:11.

that first blast, President Obama has made it clear that he is not

:03:12.:03:17.

here to offer an apology. For an act his predecessors have argued was

:03:18.:03:22.

necessary to end the war. I said to my friend, look, beautiful, the

:03:23.:03:29.

aeroplane is beautiful, and pointed. This lady was 13 and as she pointed,

:03:30.:03:36.

the bomb exploded in the sky above her. She still suffers the effects

:03:37.:03:39.

of the serious burns today. What do you think about the visit by

:03:40.:03:47.

President Obama? I was very happy to hear that because that is one step

:03:48.:03:58.

towards peace. But, as always, a short distance from the President

:03:59.:04:02.

stands an officer carrying America's new clear launch codes. It is a

:04:03.:04:08.

reminder of the reality on the day strong on the symbolism and lofty

:04:09.:04:13.

ideals. The BBC's correspondent told us what

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it was like to be there today. A very historic and a significant day

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and visit by the first ever existing, serving US President to be

:04:26.:04:28.

visiting Hiroshima where the first ever atomic bomb was dropped just

:04:29.:04:33.

about 71 years ago. Find me is the famous dome where actually we are

:04:34.:04:39.

very close to the bridge which is believed to have been easy target

:04:40.:04:45.

for the pilot to drop the bomb because of the capital. The mood

:04:46.:04:50.

here has been quite relaxed in fact. Despite the fact that very tight

:04:51.:04:55.

security, there were a lot of police officers, as you can imagine, but

:04:56.:04:57.

when you speak to local residents, even though the President didn't

:04:58.:05:03.

apologise for the bombing which killed hundreds of thousands of

:05:04.:05:08.

people, the mood here has been quite positive and local residents say

:05:09.:05:13.

they are quite glad that the serving US President has finally come to

:05:14.:05:16.

visit, even though there was no official apology.

:05:17.:05:22.

The UN refugee agency in Iraq says it has reports of people dying from

:05:23.:05:26.

starvation in the village which Iraqi forces are fighting to take.

:05:27.:05:32.

Around 50,000 civilians are trapped and food and other supplies are

:05:33.:05:37.

extremely low. Spokesperson says only around 800 people have managed

:05:38.:05:43.

to escape Iraqi government so far. Some 50,000 civilians still remain

:05:44.:05:48.

trapped inside the ledger and they are prevented from escaping as the

:05:49.:05:57.

government continues to come under heavy bombardment by the Iraqi

:05:58.:06:02.

forces. Food has been in very short supply. We are hearing accounts that

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people are relying on expired rice and dried dates and that is about it

:06:11.:06:15.

for their diet. We have also heard reports of starvation related deaths

:06:16.:06:20.

among the publishing their and this is from the people we have

:06:21.:06:25.

interviewed who have escaped. Staying with Iraq, soldiers have

:06:26.:06:30.

fired tear gas to disperse protesters who have gathered in

:06:31.:06:33.

Baghdad. Several protesters were injured. Demonstrators loyal to the

:06:34.:06:39.

Chirac Carrick have been calling for comprehensive reforms for months. A

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few weeks ago, demonstrators blasted into Iraq Pablo Carreno Busta

:06:47.:06:50.

parliament and government officers. Many drivers across France are still

:06:51.:06:54.

having trouble finding fuel the result of strikes and blockades by

:06:55.:06:58.

French trade unions. All but one of the union blockades have now been

:06:59.:07:05.

cleared but shortages and long to use at petrol stations. President

:07:06.:07:07.

Francois Hollande said he will stand firm on the changes to laws which

:07:08.:07:11.

are wanted the strikes. A passenger plane has been evacuated

:07:12.:07:14.

on the runway of an airport in Tokyo after an engine fire. All 300

:07:15.:07:18.

passengers and crew were safely moved from flight. Firefighters

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sprayed white foam onto the engine to extinguish the blaze.

:07:24.:07:28.

One of the world's biggest cyber security firms is investigating

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whether North Korea is behind attacks on computer systems used by

:07:33.:07:37.

three banks in south-east Asia. They say it has detected the same rare

:07:38.:07:42.

item in all three cases and in one attack more than $80 million was

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stolen. The final verdict in an historic

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human rights trial is expected in Argentina in the next couple of

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hours. Operation Condor was a campaign of state-sponsored terror

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organised by South American dictatorships in the 1970s. The US

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backed regime conspired to hunt down, kill political opponents in

:08:08.:08:12.

South America and beyond. 40 years ago, this man was kidnapped

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and held illegally in this old workshop in Buenos Aires. She was

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tortured before being sent back to her native country. In the process,

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she was separated from her son. They were reunited 26 years later. I

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think that I spend most of the time here. The cold was terrible but the

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screams or worse. The screams of those being tortured with the first

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thing you heard and they made you shiver. That is why there was a

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radio blasting day and night. What affects me most here is this

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staircase. They took the upstairs and that is where the questioning

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and the torture started. I think I screamed. I realised it was a sign

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of life and it was impossible to hold back and if you screamed, the

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others knew that you were alive. During the Cold War, South American

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dictatorships came together to systematically eliminate opponents.

:09:17.:09:21.

It was a transnational plan called operation Condor. Over the past

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three years, the historic trial in Argentina has specifically focused

:09:30.:09:34.

on this conspiracy. This trial is different to other human rights

:09:35.:09:37.

trials, there is an overwhelming number of documents. We are not

:09:38.:09:41.

talking about what happened in one detention centre or in one location

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in Argentina, we're talking about what happened in Argentina, Uruguay,

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Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. Uruguayans like Sarah consider

:09:51.:09:54.

Friday's sentence especially symbolic because courts in their

:09:55.:09:59.

home country have never tried ex-military for torture. Among the

:10:00.:10:04.

18 defendants there is also a former Uruguayan colonel. It's a milestone

:10:05.:10:11.

in human rights and like in the past where we had international courts,

:10:12.:10:15.

what we have here is a domestic court in Argentina which is

:10:16.:10:17.

prosecuting transnational crimes that were committed in an organised

:10:18.:10:23.

fashion by six dates in Latin America. Testimonies of survivors of

:10:24.:10:31.

torture centres have been fundamental in determining the scope

:10:32.:10:36.

of operation Condor. Today, 40 years later, Sarah and many others will

:10:37.:10:44.

finally see some justice. Brazilian police are searching for

:10:45.:10:47.

more than 30 men suspected of raping a 16-year-old girl and then posting

:10:48.:10:53.

videos of the attack on line. The teenager reportedly went to her

:10:54.:10:57.

boyfriend 's house in real on Saturday before waking up naked and

:10:58.:11:01.

surrounded by armed men. Arrest warrants have been issued including

:11:02.:11:07.

one for the girls boyfriend. And it is from the Woodlands rights

:11:08.:11:12.

organisation that operates in Rio de Janeiro. I imagine that you were

:11:13.:11:17.

shocked by this video but not surprised? Yes, I am shocked and I

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am surprised to because it's something that no one was expecting

:11:25.:11:31.

because we say that here in Brazil, we have a great future but this is

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something that we never expected because it is just really, really

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strange. What about it was so unexpected for you when we know how

:11:45.:11:50.

many rape cases go unreported and prosecuted in Brazil? Is coming here

:11:51.:11:57.

in Brazil we have a lot of rapeseed -- rape cases but not in this

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intensity. The video itself is very shocking but also what is still

:12:10.:12:15.

chilling also is the comment that people have made, that this girl

:12:16.:12:18.

seems to be blamed for what happened to her? Is, they said something

:12:19.:12:25.

about her clothes, like she was asking for it. Always trying to

:12:26.:12:30.

justify the action and we know something that cannot be justified.

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Tell us what your organisation is trying to do? The women's movement

:12:37.:12:45.

in Brazil, this was really unexpected for all of us and so we

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are a little shocked at this moment and we really don't know what to do

:12:51.:13:02.

in the first moment. We are trying to make the press that some

:13:03.:13:14.

attention on this, making campaigns. Also trying to break this idea of

:13:15.:13:19.

these people who want to justify this type of action. If you can hear

:13:20.:13:26.

me, what exactly do you think is the problem? Is a way the police deal

:13:27.:13:32.

with cases or is it just the social attitudes to attacks on women? It is

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the social attitudes because it's something that is really

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internalised on people, especially men. When we talk about rape, we

:13:40.:13:45.

talk about power so it's not about just sex, it's about a man trying to

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put their power and subjugating women. So it is one of the things

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that was really used in tortures and this shows how men and women are

:14:14.:14:22.

different in this world. Thank you very much for joining us.

:14:23.:14:32.

The International Olympic Committee says 23 more athletes have tested

:14:33.:14:40.

positive for doping. The IOC says the athletes were from five sports

:14:41.:14:44.

and of six different nationalities. They didn't give any further details

:14:45.:14:50.

citing legal reasons. I have been asking our correspondent if we know

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any more information. We don't know the names of the athletes or the

:14:55.:14:57.

substances tested positive for. The IOC will not reveal that information

:14:58.:15:02.

until the samples have been analysed and if they come back positive, then

:15:03.:15:07.

they might reveal their names. If they come back positive, the

:15:08.:15:10.

athletes will have a hearing where they can put forward any information

:15:11.:15:13.

that they may have which may have led to this binding. If they are

:15:14.:15:18.

happy with that, they can ban the athlete was stripped them from any

:15:19.:15:23.

medals. It's a process because the athlete can take this to

:15:24.:15:27.

arbitration. These were targeted tests of the IOC would have done a

:15:28.:15:33.

risk assessment and figured out certain nations which were at higher

:15:34.:15:38.

risk. This follows the recent retesting of samples from the

:15:39.:15:41.

Beijing Olympics. You know that 31 of those samples came back positive

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and the Russian Olympic committee have said 14 are from their

:15:45.:15:46.

athletes. Wanting to almost give this game a

:15:47.:16:00.

clean bill of health. It has been very topical. They want to avoid a

:16:01.:16:05.

major scandal going into the real Olympics. This also shows the size

:16:06.:16:11.

of the challenge. If you remember in the lead up to London 2012, the

:16:12.:16:16.

organisers and scientists said they had state of the art facilities,

:16:17.:16:21.

there would be more tests, they would test for more samples. This

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shows people will always find a way to beat the system. Sometimes, there

:16:27.:16:32.

is a lag in that information. That is why the IOC and authorities store

:16:33.:16:36.

the samples for ten years, go back and retest them as the test

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procedures become more sophisticated. They say this process

:16:41.:16:48.

is still ongoing. There aren't many books authors who have changed the

:16:49.:16:54.

way we think about the world but the selfish Gene published by Richard

:16:55.:17:04.

Dawkins is one. Philippa Thomas of the man himself mind is of the

:17:05.:17:09.

central idea behind his selfish gene theory and more about his

:17:10.:17:11.

controversial bestselling book, the delusion. In Darwinian natural

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selection, which is the process that gives rise to all life, the thing

:17:20.:17:30.

that is selected is the gene. Once you understand that, then a whole

:17:31.:17:34.

lot of things fall into place and make sense. They made sense in 1976

:17:35.:17:39.

and make sense today. As you look back at the number of books you have

:17:40.:17:45.

written, and your career as a scientist and educator, how would

:17:46.:17:48.

you describe the difference that you hope you have made? I certainly hope

:17:49.:17:53.

I have changed the minds of biologists and I think I sort of

:17:54.:17:58.

power. If you watch what biologists do in the field in the Serengeti or

:17:59.:18:02.

the Galapagos, you will find the questions they ask up things like,

:18:03.:18:06.

what is the good of this behaviour for the animals genes? I hope I have

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done that. I hope I have made some difference to the number of people

:18:14.:18:17.

who accept evolution. In America, 40% of people don't today. And I

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hope into the books you mentioned, all about that advocating evolution

:18:29.:18:33.

by natural selection, I hope I have made a difference there. As for the

:18:34.:18:39.

God delusion, I think that has caused quite a number of people to

:18:40.:18:43.

change their minds in a good direction. You mentioned America

:18:44.:18:48.

there and it is a fact that in many parts of the States, creationism is

:18:49.:18:53.

too taught in schools, there is a creationist museum in Kentucky and

:18:54.:19:02.

there are active intellectuals to you all thought. It's deplorable and

:19:03.:19:09.

is fuelled by ignorance. There is no informed educated opposition to

:19:10.:19:13.

evolution. It's entirely pushed by people who have no education or

:19:14.:19:17.

understanding. What you think about the fact of 40 years after the

:19:18.:19:22.

selfish Gene, the ideas of creationism are in some schools in

:19:23.:19:26.

the UK which are very attractive to a significant number of people. They

:19:27.:19:31.

are not in state schools legally. There are some schools where it is

:19:32.:19:35.

pushed and some teachers, although they pay lip service to the official

:19:36.:19:41.

syllabus including evolution, they will tip the wink to the students

:19:42.:19:47.

don't believe it themselves. That is unfortunately true in Islamic

:19:48.:19:51.

schools. I have heard stories of colleagues were medical students,

:19:52.:19:56.

grown-up medical students, have actually walked out of evolution in

:19:57.:19:59.

the example University College London because they are about

:20:00.:20:05.

evolution, which is a closed mindedness and not something we like

:20:06.:20:09.

to see in our doctors. I want to also raised with you something we

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have covered a lot in the last few weeks which is what is happening in

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Bangladesh, where a number of atheist bloggers or secular

:20:19.:20:25.

bloggers, activists, academics have been hacked by machetes. There

:20:26.:20:30.

atheism more secularism is a big threat. You don't need me to told

:20:31.:20:37.

you how deplorable that is. What I think is especially deplorable is

:20:38.:20:42.

that the motive for these hideous murders are simply religion. That's

:20:43.:20:49.

all it is. It's a disagreement about ideas and that's very unpleasant and

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very serious if people can be hacked to death simply expressing a view

:20:55.:20:59.

about the cosmos, life, morality, not for anything they have done, not

:21:00.:21:06.

for supporting a political point of view which the murderous disagree

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with. It's just ideas. That's a shocking thing. If ever someone was

:21:11.:21:17.

on the right place at the right time, the surgeon whose name was

:21:18.:21:21.

given to the anti-choking manoeuvre he has developed has used the

:21:22.:21:25.

technique himself at the age of 96 to save and 87-year-old woman.

:21:26.:21:30.

Doctor Henry Heimlich performed his famous manoeuvre on a fellow

:21:31.:21:34.

resident at the retirement move where he lives. He dislodged a piece

:21:35.:21:39.

of hamburger from Patti's airway after she had been choking and

:21:40.:21:45.

unable to breathe. The manoeuvre involves pushing up hard against the

:21:46.:21:50.

choking person's rib cage to shift the blockage. Archaeologists in

:21:51.:21:53.

Boston have uncovered a shipwreck from the 1800 's. It was discovered

:21:54.:21:59.

during the construction of the building. The harbour area. The

:22:00.:22:07.

vessel was partially burned and had been carrying life. I don't think

:22:08.:22:14.

you will have missed the fact that Queen Elizabeth is celebrating her

:22:15.:22:17.

90th birthday this year but so was a very fair must air, Winnie the Pooh.

:22:18.:22:24.

To mark the joint birthday, a new story has been written called Winnie

:22:25.:22:33.

the Pooh and the Royal birthday. There, announced Christopher Robin.

:22:34.:22:40.

That harm is fit for a queen. Winnie the Pooh, Piglet, Christopher Robin

:22:41.:22:44.

and it all, much loved literary characters. They are taking a

:22:45.:22:49.

special present to the Queen. The story has been rated by Jim

:22:50.:22:53.

Broadbent. It's a lovely story. It celebrates the Queen's 90th birthday

:22:54.:22:59.

and it also celebrates Winnie the Pooh's 90th birthday. The first bear

:23:00.:23:06.

was called after him. I have loved being part of this story. It has

:23:07.:23:11.

been an honour to narrate the story. The first Winnie the Pooh Beck was

:23:12.:23:16.

published in 1926. Christopher Robin was named after his son. One of the

:23:17.:23:22.

early books was dedicated to the baby Princess Elizabeth and as her

:23:23.:23:25.

child she was said to be a fan of Winnie the Pooh but the two haven't

:23:26.:23:29.

met until now. All at once, there was a stirring in the crowd and a

:23:30.:23:34.

murmur rose up. It's the Queen! She was greeting the crowd as she went.

:23:35.:23:39.

As part of the new adventure, Winnie the Pooh and his friend pass by

:23:40.:23:42.

Harrods which is described as one very grand shop which Winnie the

:23:43.:23:49.

Pooh found strangely familiar. Fans will know it was familiar because

:23:50.:23:52.

the stories were based on a real teddy bear that was bought from

:23:53.:23:57.

Harrods. This is the closest to what the original Winnie the Pooh was

:23:58.:24:02.

like. Christopher Robin's mother bore Winnie the Pooh in Harrods in

:24:03.:24:07.

1921 for Christopher Robin's first birthday. She didn't know then that

:24:08.:24:10.

he would turn into the most famous pair in the world. He was a British

:24:11.:24:18.

made Alpha teddy bear, 18 inches, and would have cost 13 shillings and

:24:19.:24:27.

sixpence, the equivalent of ?27 nowadays. Today, Winnie the Pooh has

:24:28.:24:31.

been translated into more than 40 languages and this latest tale, he

:24:32.:24:35.

needs a new generation. The Queen is said to have been happy for the

:24:36.:24:39.

project to go ahead, celebrating a very special joint birthday with an

:24:40.:24:46.

old friend. The Sydney Opera House in Australia has been lit up with

:24:47.:24:51.

works by indigenous artists. It's part of the vivid Sydney Festival

:24:52.:24:55.

which has become an annual event in the city. Let me leave you with a

:24:56.:25:00.

taster of the spectacular light show being enjoyed by Sydneysiders.

:25:01.:26:12.

The heat and humidity has seen thunderstorms through the

:26:13.:26:14.

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