31/05/2016 World News Today


31/05/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Geeta Guru-Murthy.

:00:00.:00:07.

The headlines - In Paris a warning that more strikes and protests

:00:08.:00:13.

But President Hollande refuses to withdraw the reforms

:00:14.:00:25.

which would make it easier for employers to hire

:00:26.:00:27.

Iraqi government forces are facing ferocious resistance

:00:28.:00:30.

from Islamic State militants in the key city of Falluja.

:00:31.:00:33.

Growing controversy in Pakistan after an Islamic council advises

:00:34.:00:37.

husbands that it's OK to "lightly beat" your wife.

:00:38.:00:42.

We're in the country's highlands finding out why they've produced

:00:43.:00:46.

We start in France, where strikes and protests by workers opposed

:00:47.:01:08.

to the government's controversial proposed labour reforms continue

:01:09.:01:12.

President Hollande has repeated his refusal

:01:13.:01:17.

Two government ministers have appealed for the CGT

:01:18.:01:21.

Let's remind you why the reforms are stirring up such anger.

:01:22.:01:26.

They could end France's cherished 35 hour week and bosses would also

:01:27.:01:31.

have more power to reduce pay and shed jobs.

:01:32.:01:34.

The dispute has been running for two months and could escalate

:01:35.:01:37.

with a national railway strike due to start on Wednesday.

:01:38.:01:43.

Six of the country's eight oil refineries are still halted

:01:44.:01:45.

or running at reduced capacity, and workers on the Paris Metro

:01:46.:01:51.

One CGT union leader wants the government to reconsider

:01:52.:01:57.

the reforms which were pushed through the lower house

:01:58.:02:00.

With France due to host the Euro 2016 football competition next week,

:02:01.:02:06.

tourism officials are concerned tourists will be put

:02:07.:02:09.

The US State Department has just issued a warning that the tournament

:02:10.:02:22.

could also be a target for terrorists. Lucy Williamson has been

:02:23.:02:27.

watching the days events. From France's northern cities to its

:02:28.:02:32.

southern ports. Opposition to these reforms has spread among the

:02:33.:02:36.

nation's industrial planes. The tactics as simple as the simple bash

:02:37.:02:41.

message. Stop. The government says it is trying to unblock France's

:02:42.:02:49.

economy. But union leaders say that freedom comes at the expense of

:02:50.:02:54.

workers' rights. Over the past few weeks the protests have spread. From

:02:55.:02:58.

oil refineries to highways. The transport hopes. There is no shame

:02:59.:03:04.

as a political leader in admitting when you have made a mistake. Then

:03:05.:03:08.

we can work together on creating social progress in this country. The

:03:09.:03:12.

government is admitting nothing of the sword. It has been dipping into

:03:13.:03:16.

the country's oil reserves and removing arcades to keep the country

:03:17.:03:22.

running. The Prime Minister has said compromise is possible but he will

:03:23.:03:28.

not scrap the bill. Blocking the country, stopping the French people

:03:29.:03:32.

from getting around, from living their normal lives, damaging

:03:33.:03:36.

France's reputation, threatening the economic revival which is taking

:03:37.:03:44.

hold is unacceptable. Today, railway workers joined the rolling strikes.

:03:45.:03:49.

40% of high-speed trains are thought to be affected, two thirds of

:03:50.:03:53.

intercity lines. Further strikes are planned this week by air traffic

:03:54.:03:57.

controllers and Paris underground star. Several unions have called for

:03:58.:04:03.

the protest to continue as the clock ticks on to was the start of the

:04:04.:04:05.

European Championships next week. Christophe Premat joins us now

:04:06.:04:08.

with further insight. Thanks very much for joining us.

:04:09.:04:25.

What do you make of this action that we are seeing? Do you think it can

:04:26.:04:31.

and should be solved? Shouldn't be sorted out before the big football

:04:32.:04:34.

tournament? It is hard to predict but I would

:04:35.:04:40.

say that we pay the fact that we didn't have any parliamentary debate

:04:41.:04:45.

on this. We paid the fact we leave under an in emergency state. There

:04:46.:04:49.

are a lot of frustrations. The year has been really hard. You have this

:04:50.:04:55.

feeling of frustration coming up now with these discussions. It is too

:04:56.:04:59.

bad we give this image of a Ken Tribbett cannot advance. -- that

:05:00.:05:07.

cannot. We need to go back to negotiation about the explanation.

:05:08.:05:12.

Who are you supporting? New supporting the government and the

:05:13.:05:15.

changes it is trying to implement all those who are protesting? I

:05:16.:05:19.

support the parliamentary debate we didn't have. We owe that to the

:05:20.:05:24.

citizen is because it is important for the future of the country. They

:05:25.:05:31.

understand the government, we have to have a responsibility. I don't

:05:32.:05:36.

think this is the right way to block the country just because of one or

:05:37.:05:39.

two trade unionists and stop we need to have a discussion somewhere in

:05:40.:05:45.

the country. The parliament is the location for that. We should have

:05:46.:05:50.

discussion in parliament even if the government decides not to have a

:05:51.:05:55.

vote. At least, discussion is needed. We have had a few

:05:56.:05:59.

discussions in a few committees but not in a plenary session. How

:06:00.:06:03.

worried are you about the impact of people coming to France for the Euro

:06:04.:06:08.

competition? We've heard from the United States about a potential

:06:09.:06:14.

security threat saying they are worried and are warning all US

:06:15.:06:21.

citizens in your up, potentially including the football tournament,

:06:22.:06:25.

US citizens are the targets. It adds up to a few difficult days for

:06:26.:06:32.

France. We live under an emergency is states. It will be in order in a

:06:33.:06:43.

few days. We have the last game right now, if I may express myself

:06:44.:06:47.

in the loose terms. We need to find out a way, we need a solution for

:06:48.:06:56.

that. Maybe you could try to go back to negotiation. We could have a

:06:57.:07:00.

parliamentary debate in the upcoming weeks. You have different

:07:01.:07:06.

alternatives so I am not worried about that. We should be careful

:07:07.:07:12.

with that because if you have big strikes, people feel you don't

:07:13.:07:15.

control a situation. There is this terror, terrorist threat that we

:07:16.:07:22.

should be able to be together in this event, not just show an image

:07:23.:07:29.

of it country that is divided. That could be bad. I am confident about

:07:30.:07:33.

the situation that it will be solved. How are you confident? In

:07:34.:07:40.

what way can it be solved? You are looking at multiple strikes in

:07:41.:07:44.

multiple different areas of everyday life and a president that has never

:07:45.:07:50.

been popular from the beginning. It isn't a question of popularity, it

:07:51.:07:54.

is a question about the law. We didn't have the debates are we

:07:55.:07:59.

didn't have the space to explain. You have all the trade unions trying

:08:00.:08:05.

to wary about just one particular article, the second article of the

:08:06.:08:09.

law. It decentralised the process of social rejuvenation -- regulation.

:08:10.:08:18.

It was the law but determined the way it negotiated the content of

:08:19.:08:25.

work before. But now it is inside the company. We have to make sure it

:08:26.:08:32.

will be better for workers, it'll be better for the companies that they

:08:33.:08:39.

can try to have a social compromise. That is something that worries

:08:40.:08:43.

French people right now. They think, yes, the government just once to

:08:44.:08:50.

decentralise the decisions and doesn't want to be responsible for

:08:51.:08:54.

that. It is where we have to explain. Many thanks indeed her

:08:55.:08:57.

joining us. Staying with France,

:08:58.:08:58.

the Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, has announced plans for what she calls

:08:59.:09:01.

a 'humanitarian camp' for migrants and refugees

:09:02.:09:03.

in the north of the capital. Several hundred migrants have been

:09:04.:09:06.

living rough under railway bridges These people pictured were moved

:09:07.:09:10.

out of their makeshift site near a Paris Metro station

:09:11.:09:14.

earlier this month. The new camp is expected to provide

:09:15.:09:17.

both day facilities and overnight accommodation and is expected

:09:18.:09:21.

to open in the next six weeks. Now a look at some of

:09:22.:09:27.

the days other news. Belgium hit by transport strikes,

:09:28.:09:31.

with France to follow suit as unions protest over pension

:09:32.:09:35.

and labour reforms. The protesters are not happy with

:09:36.:09:49.

the government is's austerity measures.

:09:50.:09:50.

Poland launched a fresh bid to extradite Oscar-winning director

:09:51.:09:52.

Roman Polanski to the United States at the request of the country's

:09:53.:09:55.

justice minister who appealed to the Supreme Court on Tuesday.

:09:56.:09:58.

The US had requested that the Oscar-winning filmmaker be

:09:59.:10:01.

sent back to face sentencing over a 1977 case if statutory rape.

:10:02.:10:07.

The trial of Argentina and Barcelona footballer Lionel Messi on tax fraud

:10:08.:10:10.

Messi and his father Jorge, who manages his financial affairs,

:10:11.:10:16.

are accused of defrauding Spain of more than four million euros

:10:17.:10:20.

The authorities allege that the two used tax havens in Belize

:10:21.:10:26.

and Uruguay to conceal earnings from image rights.

:10:27.:10:31.

A top EU court advisor says that employers in the EU may be able

:10:32.:10:35.

to ban Muslim staff from wearing headscarves to work

:10:36.:10:39.

as long as it is part of a general prohibition

:10:40.:10:41.

The opinion was issued by Juliane Kokott, an Advocate General

:10:42.:10:46.

It came after a Belgian court sought clarification on what is banned

:10:47.:10:50.

In the Belgian case, a receptionist was fired for wearing

:10:51.:10:54.

Pakistan's human rights commission has condemned a draft bill

:10:55.:11:02.

from a group of Islamic religious advisors which says a husband can

:11:03.:11:05.

The controversial proposal was a response to a women's

:11:06.:11:10.

protection law passed by the Punjab government in March.

:11:11.:11:13.

Pakistani religious groups called the bill un-Islamic.

:11:14.:11:16.

BBC Urdu's Iram Abbasi reports from Islamabad.

:11:17.:11:22.

Maria has been coming to this court for two years.

:11:23.:11:24.

She wishes to remain anonymous fearing social persecution

:11:25.:11:28.

for speaking out against domestic violence.

:11:29.:11:35.

Translation: After our first daughter was born, my husband would

:11:36.:11:38.

beat me every second day for hours, pulling out my hair and slapping me.

:11:39.:11:43.

He was upset I hadn't given birth to a boy.

:11:44.:11:48.

Human Rights Watch estimates that between 70% to 90% of Pakistani

:11:49.:11:52.

women face domestic violence and self harm.

:11:53.:11:55.

In a conservative Pakistani society it is an

:11:56.:11:58.

honour will be maligned if a woman can't sustain her marriage,

:11:59.:12:04.

thus forcing her to stay in an abusive relationship at all cost.

:12:05.:12:10.

Earlier this year in a landmark move, Pakistan's parliament enacted

:12:11.:12:13.

the protection of women against violence Bill.

:12:14.:12:17.

This legislation set out penalties for crimes including

:12:18.:12:20.

domestic violence, psychological and economic

:12:21.:12:22.

But hopes were quickly dashed as the Council

:12:23.:12:29.

of Islamic Ideology rejected the law declaring it un-Islamic.

:12:30.:12:33.

The council is a constitutional body with advises parliament on religion

:12:34.:12:36.

and offers recommendations on how laws can conform with the

:12:37.:12:41.

conservative form of Islam, sharia law.

:12:42.:12:44.

After it rejected the women's protection bill,

:12:45.:12:48.

The council says it doesn't have a final draft but it

:12:49.:13:05.

hasn't denied media reports that a man can lightly beat his

:13:06.:13:09.

Translation: Whether it is the father or husband,

:13:10.:13:16.

he's not allowed to hit a woman where she suffers a bone

:13:17.:13:19.

The proposals have generated anger across Pakistan.

:13:20.:13:26.

Many have taken to social media to protest.

:13:27.:13:28.

The human rights commission has said the

:13:29.:13:30.

No woman or sane man in Pakistan do not accept this.

:13:31.:13:38.

First of all, the Council of Islamic Ideology has

:13:39.:13:41.

overstepped its constitutional mandated and its jurisdiction.

:13:42.:13:45.

I demand a constitutional amendment to disband CII.

:13:46.:13:54.

The government can ignore the council's

:13:55.:13:55.

recommendations and has done in the past.

:13:56.:13:58.

A small victory for Pakistan's many domestic violence victims.

:13:59.:14:07.

Iraqi forces trying to fight their way into the key city

:14:08.:14:10.

of Falluja say they have repelled a four hour counter attack by

:14:11.:14:13.

Iraqi commanders say they have started probing the city's defences.

:14:14.:14:19.

As the fighting continues, aid agencies are increasingly

:14:20.:14:22.

concerned for the safety of up to fifty thousand civilians

:14:23.:14:26.

trapped in the city which was seized by IS more two years ago.

:14:27.:14:30.

Shi'ite militia and Iraqi government forces are now moving ever closer

:14:31.:14:41.

to the city of Fallujah itself, having fought their way

:14:42.:14:45.

through the surrounding countryside over the past week.

:14:46.:14:51.

There's been fierce fighting this morning in a key southern suburb

:14:52.:14:54.

and government troops claim they may enter the city itself later today.

:14:55.:15:02.

Fallujah lies less than 50 miles from the capital Baghdad

:15:03.:15:06.

and Islamic State has been in control of it

:15:07.:15:09.

Retaking the city is a key goal for the government.

:15:10.:15:19.

But as the final assault on Falluja draws closer, concern

:15:20.:15:22.

about the fate of the civilian population is intensifying.

:15:23.:15:25.

These refugees are amongst the lucky ones.

:15:26.:15:27.

They managed to get out of the city in time.

:15:28.:15:31.

This woman says there is no food or medicine in the city and says

:15:32.:15:35.

Islamic State militants had taken their men away.

:15:36.:15:39.

She doesn't know if they are alive or dead.

:15:40.:15:42.

Aid agencies say, so far, only around 4,000 civilians have

:15:43.:15:48.

That leaves more than 40,000 still trapped inside the city.

:15:49.:15:57.

And there are reports Islamic State is preventing people from leaving.

:15:58.:16:02.

We are extremely concerned that the 50,000

:16:03.:16:05.

individuals that are still trapped inside Falluja.

:16:06.:16:08.

We have also, I have been talking to families that

:16:09.:16:10.

have managed to get out, tell us that, Isis came to my house

:16:11.:16:13.

and threatened us on our lives if we had any plans of escaping.

:16:14.:16:17.

No doubt, we are extremely concerned.

:16:18.:16:20.

And while these children and their families are now safe

:16:21.:16:22.

there are more reports of civilian casualties inside the city

:16:23.:16:27.

due to heave shelling by government forces including seven members

:16:28.:16:30.

Peter Hawkins is in Erbil, about 350 kilometres north of Baghdad.

:16:31.:16:43.

He's part of the UNICEF team providing humanitarian relief

:16:44.:16:46.

Thanks for joining us. You have been into which, your organisation has

:16:47.:17:01.

been interred should with those who have escaped. Can anyone reach those

:17:02.:17:10.

who are trapped? Know and we haven't for over a year. The last time we

:17:11.:17:14.

were able to send in any assistance was this time last year when we were

:17:15.:17:18.

able to undertake the vaccination campaign for children. How worried

:17:19.:17:24.

are you about those who are in the city and what are you hearing about

:17:25.:17:28.

those who have managed to get out? We're very concerned for all the

:17:29.:17:34.

civilians in the city, particularly the children who must be going

:17:35.:17:37.

through a horrendous experience as the bombs descend upon Falluja

:17:38.:17:44.

especially in the dark. You have the sounds of the explosions. This is on

:17:45.:17:48.

top of period whereby they have not had the basic needs for a long time.

:17:49.:17:53.

Their medication on these have been put on hold, all they want to do is

:17:54.:17:58.

come out and lead a normal life. Do you think it is possible for this to

:17:59.:18:06.

resolve with the Iraqi government forces driving out IS without

:18:07.:18:11.

further civilian casualties? It is precarious at the moment. We call on

:18:12.:18:17.

all sides to protect all civilians especially children who were not

:18:18.:18:23.

party to this conflict. The situation has been precarious over

:18:24.:18:27.

the past few months, over 60,000 people have been displaced. Unicef

:18:28.:18:35.

have been providing water. A lot of the people have been displaced

:18:36.:18:43.

multiple times. There is always hope when heavy situation like this that

:18:44.:18:46.

once displaced and they are able to return back to their homes their

:18:47.:18:49.

normal lives will be able to continue. Some people might ask,

:18:50.:18:55.

Falluja is a city that has had a lot of problems for a long time, why

:18:56.:18:59.

people didn't get out earlier. It is difficult. Many B but did get out

:19:00.:19:04.

but those who were unable to leave have been stuck there for now for

:19:05.:19:10.

over two years. Many people further up the river have been stuck and

:19:11.:19:13.

unable to go back. This is where they live, this is their land, this

:19:14.:19:19.

is where their houses are and where their future lives. They are trying

:19:20.:19:23.

to stay as close to that as they can. We were not needed there. Many

:19:24.:19:24.

thanks. California Governor Jerry Brown

:19:25.:19:26.

on Tuesday endorsed Hillary Clinton for the 2016 Democratic presidential

:19:27.:19:28.

nomination, saying it was the only way to keep

:19:29.:19:32.

Republican Donald Trump out Mr Brown said he believes this

:19:33.:19:35.

is the only way forward to win the presidency and stop

:19:36.:19:39.

the dangerous candidacy He also said Hillary Clinton had a

:19:40.:19:42.

huge lead. Leading architects from across

:19:43.:19:57.

the globe are showcasing their ideas Among them is Lord Foster who,

:19:58.:19:59.

having already designed the world biggest airport in China,

:20:00.:20:02.

has taken up the challenge of building the world's

:20:03.:20:05.

smallest in Rwanda. The aim is to create a network

:20:06.:20:07.

of droneports to deliver medical supplies to some of Africa's

:20:08.:20:10.

most inaccessible locations. Lord Foster has been

:20:11.:20:13.

speaking to our Arts Editor, You could envisage a future perhaps

:20:14.:20:15.

where there were so many of these that the final footprint was bigger

:20:16.:20:24.

than the biggest airport. You look at the structure,

:20:25.:20:29.

you just think, compare it with a traditional structure,

:20:30.:20:32.

concrete, steel, thick, this is one It could be built locally,

:20:33.:20:38.

literally digging it out of the ground because it

:20:39.:20:50.

is only 8% concrete. What is the cultural

:20:51.:20:52.

and architectural I think the perceived answer

:20:53.:20:53.

to the needs of emerging communities has been to ship a ready-made

:20:54.:21:04.

solution and in a way to impose it, and that is not really sustainable

:21:05.:21:11.

in terms of transportation and there is no buy in so you either

:21:12.:21:18.

accept or reject it. It might be a tin shed,

:21:19.:21:24.

a prefabricated this or that. Think of a community,

:21:25.:21:28.

able to create something, to learn skills and to have

:21:29.:21:32.

ownership of it. Does this mark a moment

:21:33.:21:37.

in architecture where we are seeing the perfect marriage

:21:38.:21:44.

of the modern and ancient? What is interesting is that this

:21:45.:21:47.

fusion of tradition and cutting edge technology has produced something

:21:48.:21:55.

which is very delicate. It is beautifully thin and it seems

:21:56.:22:01.

to almost float on the ground. We think of of the drone

:22:02.:22:06.

as a killing machine. Here we think of it

:22:07.:22:11.

as a living machine. The lack of roads and railways

:22:12.:22:16.

and to be able to deliver cargo and medical supplies and do it

:22:17.:22:21.

quickly and cheaply using drone technology, which is now moving

:22:22.:22:27.

at such a fast rate. Bekoji, a small town

:22:28.:22:31.

in the highlands of Ethiopia, has produced some of the best runners

:22:32.:22:41.

in the world, including 16 Olympic medals and dozens

:22:42.:22:46.

of World Championships. The town of just under 20,000

:22:47.:22:49.

people is the home of some of Ethiopia's most renowned

:22:50.:22:53.

athletes, all discovered and trained by one man,

:22:54.:22:57.

coach Sentayehu Eshetu. The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza has

:22:58.:23:00.

visited the town to go for a run The new breed of young athletes

:23:01.:23:05.

in Bekoji begin their routine under the keen eye of coach

:23:06.:23:12.

Sentayehu Eshetu, a man who was discovered and trained four

:23:13.:23:15.

of Ethiopia's gold medallists. Today he has invited me to take part

:23:16.:23:19.

in the session. Three times a week they come to this

:23:20.:23:22.

forest that has previously been the training ground

:23:23.:23:26.

for the likes of Tirunesh Dibaba The training is intense,

:23:27.:23:29.

lasting up to an hour and a half. Some of these girls

:23:30.:23:33.

are as young as 11 and 12. But you can see their fitness levels

:23:34.:23:38.

are very high. They have been going down the slope

:23:39.:23:42.

for at least five times only Coach Sentayehu says the secret

:23:43.:23:47.

for Bekoji's success in athletics is the high altitude

:23:48.:23:55.

of about 2800 metres above sea level which helps in endurance,

:23:56.:23:58.

discipline and hard work. Already, he has seen potential

:23:59.:24:03.

in this group he trains Translation: We want them to be

:24:04.:24:07.

good athletes competing at the international level,

:24:08.:24:11.

representing their country. We will first get them in clubs

:24:12.:24:14.

and if they are capable of representing their country we will

:24:15.:24:17.

let them compete at a national level and then they will move

:24:18.:24:20.

on to the international arena. This place is, therefore,

:24:21.:24:24.

where they start by journey. But the training here is about much

:24:25.:24:30.

more than producing gold medallists. Coach Sentayehu is part

:24:31.:24:34.

of the unique scholarship programme that aims

:24:35.:24:37.

to give young female athletes life skills and an opportunity

:24:38.:24:41.

to further their education. Translation: I started running

:24:42.:24:44.

at elementary school When I finished school I joined

:24:45.:24:47.

athletes at the camp. Before leaving the camp I spoke

:24:48.:24:51.

to the manager to be part of his team because I wanted

:24:52.:24:54.

to have an opportunity to participate on the

:24:55.:24:58.

international stage for my country and to change the livelihood of my

:24:59.:25:01.

family. In future, I want to reach

:25:02.:25:04.

the highest level and help my family Coach Sentayehu acknowledges

:25:05.:25:08.

not everyone here will turn professional but it shows how

:25:09.:25:15.

a positive impact sport can have on the community,

:25:16.:25:19.

something this town Emmanuel Igunza, BBC

:25:20.:25:23.

News, Bekoji, Ethiopia. Now, after six decades in football,

:25:24.:25:32.

the only player ever to have won Strikes are causing disruption right

:25:33.:25:49.

across France. President Holland is refusing to withdraw the reforms

:25:50.:25:52.

which would make it easier to hire and dismiss workers. The writer

:25:53.:25:57.

states has warned of potential terrorist attacks during the

:25:58.:26:01.

football championships. Five. -- United States.

:26:02.:26:07.

Hello. They were big contrast of weather across the UK, some were

:26:08.:26:14.

fine and sunny and some of us were quite wet. Scotland and Northern

:26:15.:26:18.

Ireland will see the best of the sunshine on offer tomorrow. Here is

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the big picture through the middle of the week. Whether frustrated

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across England and Wales bring that cloud and

:26:27.:26:28.

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