31/05/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Geeta Guru-Murthy.


The headlines - In Paris a warning that more strikes and protests


But President Hollande refuses to withdraw the reforms


which would make it easier for employers to hire


Iraqi government forces are facing ferocious resistance


from Islamic State militants in the key city of Falluja.


Growing controversy in Pakistan after an Islamic council advises


husbands that it's OK to "lightly beat" your wife.


We're in the country's highlands finding out why they've produced


We start in France, where strikes and protests by workers opposed


to the government's controversial proposed labour reforms continue


President Hollande has repeated his refusal


Two government ministers have appealed for the CGT


Let's remind you why the reforms are stirring up such anger.


They could end France's cherished 35 hour week and bosses would also


have more power to reduce pay and shed jobs.


The dispute has been running for two months and could escalate


with a national railway strike due to start on Wednesday.


Six of the country's eight oil refineries are still halted


or running at reduced capacity, and workers on the Paris Metro


One CGT union leader wants the government to reconsider


the reforms which were pushed through the lower house


With France due to host the Euro 2016 football competition next week,


tourism officials are concerned tourists will be put


The US State Department has just issued a warning that the tournament


could also be a target for terrorists. Lucy Williamson has been


watching the days events. From France's northern cities to its


southern ports. Opposition to these reforms has spread among the


nation's industrial planes. The tactics as simple as the simple bash


message. Stop. The government says it is trying to unblock France's


economy. But union leaders say that freedom comes at the expense of


workers' rights. Over the past few weeks the protests have spread. From


oil refineries to highways. The transport hopes. There is no shame


as a political leader in admitting when you have made a mistake. Then


we can work together on creating social progress in this country. The


government is admitting nothing of the sword. It has been dipping into


the country's oil reserves and removing arcades to keep the country


running. The Prime Minister has said compromise is possible but he will


not scrap the bill. Blocking the country, stopping the French people


from getting around, from living their normal lives, damaging


France's reputation, threatening the economic revival which is taking


hold is unacceptable. Today, railway workers joined the rolling strikes.


40% of high-speed trains are thought to be affected, two thirds of


intercity lines. Further strikes are planned this week by air traffic


controllers and Paris underground star. Several unions have called for


the protest to continue as the clock ticks on to was the start of the


European Championships next week. Christophe Premat joins us now


with further insight. Thanks very much for joining us.


What do you make of this action that we are seeing? Do you think it can


and should be solved? Shouldn't be sorted out before the big football


tournament? It is hard to predict but I would


say that we pay the fact that we didn't have any parliamentary debate


on this. We paid the fact we leave under an in emergency state. There


are a lot of frustrations. The year has been really hard. You have this


feeling of frustration coming up now with these discussions. It is too


bad we give this image of a Ken Tribbett cannot advance. -- that


cannot. We need to go back to negotiation about the explanation.


Who are you supporting? New supporting the government and the


changes it is trying to implement all those who are protesting? I


support the parliamentary debate we didn't have. We owe that to the


citizen is because it is important for the future of the country. They


understand the government, we have to have a responsibility. I don't


think this is the right way to block the country just because of one or


two trade unionists and stop we need to have a discussion somewhere in


the country. The parliament is the location for that. We should have


discussion in parliament even if the government decides not to have a


vote. At least, discussion is needed. We have had a few


discussions in a few committees but not in a plenary session. How


worried are you about the impact of people coming to France for the Euro


competition? We've heard from the United States about a potential


security threat saying they are worried and are warning all US


citizens in your up, potentially including the football tournament,


US citizens are the targets. It adds up to a few difficult days for


France. We live under an emergency is states. It will be in order in a


few days. We have the last game right now, if I may express myself


in the loose terms. We need to find out a way, we need a solution for


that. Maybe you could try to go back to negotiation. We could have a


parliamentary debate in the upcoming weeks. You have different


alternatives so I am not worried about that. We should be careful


with that because if you have big strikes, people feel you don't


control a situation. There is this terror, terrorist threat that we


should be able to be together in this event, not just show an image


of it country that is divided. That could be bad. I am confident about


the situation that it will be solved. How are you confident? In


what way can it be solved? You are looking at multiple strikes in


multiple different areas of everyday life and a president that has never


been popular from the beginning. It isn't a question of popularity, it


is a question about the law. We didn't have the debates are we


didn't have the space to explain. You have all the trade unions trying


to wary about just one particular article, the second article of the


law. It decentralised the process of social rejuvenation -- regulation.


It was the law but determined the way it negotiated the content of


work before. But now it is inside the company. We have to make sure it


will be better for workers, it'll be better for the companies that they


can try to have a social compromise. That is something that worries


French people right now. They think, yes, the government just once to


decentralise the decisions and doesn't want to be responsible for


that. It is where we have to explain. Many thanks indeed her


joining us. Staying with France,


the Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, has announced plans for what she calls


a 'humanitarian camp' for migrants and refugees


in the north of the capital. Several hundred migrants have been


living rough under railway bridges These people pictured were moved


out of their makeshift site near a Paris Metro station


earlier this month. The new camp is expected to provide


both day facilities and overnight accommodation and is expected


to open in the next six weeks. Now a look at some of


the days other news. Belgium hit by transport strikes,


with France to follow suit as unions protest over pension


and labour reforms. The protesters are not happy with


the government is's austerity measures.


Poland launched a fresh bid to extradite Oscar-winning director


Roman Polanski to the United States at the request of the country's


justice minister who appealed to the Supreme Court on Tuesday.


The US had requested that the Oscar-winning filmmaker be


sent back to face sentencing over a 1977 case if statutory rape.


The trial of Argentina and Barcelona footballer Lionel Messi on tax fraud


Messi and his father Jorge, who manages his financial affairs,


are accused of defrauding Spain of more than four million euros


The authorities allege that the two used tax havens in Belize


and Uruguay to conceal earnings from image rights.


A top EU court advisor says that employers in the EU may be able


to ban Muslim staff from wearing headscarves to work


as long as it is part of a general prohibition


The opinion was issued by Juliane Kokott, an Advocate General


It came after a Belgian court sought clarification on what is banned


In the Belgian case, a receptionist was fired for wearing


Pakistan's human rights commission has condemned a draft bill


from a group of Islamic religious advisors which says a husband can


The controversial proposal was a response to a women's


protection law passed by the Punjab government in March.


Pakistani religious groups called the bill un-Islamic.


BBC Urdu's Iram Abbasi reports from Islamabad.


Maria has been coming to this court for two years.


She wishes to remain anonymous fearing social persecution


for speaking out against domestic violence.


Translation: After our first daughter was born, my husband would


beat me every second day for hours, pulling out my hair and slapping me.


He was upset I hadn't given birth to a boy.


Human Rights Watch estimates that between 70% to 90% of Pakistani


women face domestic violence and self harm.


In a conservative Pakistani society it is an


honour will be maligned if a woman can't sustain her marriage,


thus forcing her to stay in an abusive relationship at all cost.


Earlier this year in a landmark move, Pakistan's parliament enacted


the protection of women against violence Bill.


This legislation set out penalties for crimes including


domestic violence, psychological and economic


But hopes were quickly dashed as the Council


of Islamic Ideology rejected the law declaring it un-Islamic.


The council is a constitutional body with advises parliament on religion


and offers recommendations on how laws can conform with the


conservative form of Islam, sharia law.


After it rejected the women's protection bill,


The council says it doesn't have a final draft but it


hasn't denied media reports that a man can lightly beat his


Translation: Whether it is the father or husband,


he's not allowed to hit a woman where she suffers a bone


The proposals have generated anger across Pakistan.


Many have taken to social media to protest.


The human rights commission has said the


No woman or sane man in Pakistan do not accept this.


First of all, the Council of Islamic Ideology has


overstepped its constitutional mandated and its jurisdiction.


I demand a constitutional amendment to disband CII.


The government can ignore the council's


recommendations and has done in the past.


A small victory for Pakistan's many domestic violence victims.


Iraqi forces trying to fight their way into the key city


of Falluja say they have repelled a four hour counter attack by


Iraqi commanders say they have started probing the city's defences.


As the fighting continues, aid agencies are increasingly


concerned for the safety of up to fifty thousand civilians


trapped in the city which was seized by IS more two years ago.


Shi'ite militia and Iraqi government forces are now moving ever closer


to the city of Fallujah itself, having fought their way


through the surrounding countryside over the past week.


There's been fierce fighting this morning in a key southern suburb


and government troops claim they may enter the city itself later today.


Fallujah lies less than 50 miles from the capital Baghdad


and Islamic State has been in control of it


Retaking the city is a key goal for the government.


But as the final assault on Falluja draws closer, concern


about the fate of the civilian population is intensifying.


These refugees are amongst the lucky ones.


They managed to get out of the city in time.


This woman says there is no food or medicine in the city and says


Islamic State militants had taken their men away.


She doesn't know if they are alive or dead.


Aid agencies say, so far, only around 4,000 civilians have


That leaves more than 40,000 still trapped inside the city.


And there are reports Islamic State is preventing people from leaving.


We are extremely concerned that the 50,000


individuals that are still trapped inside Falluja.


We have also, I have been talking to families that


have managed to get out, tell us that, Isis came to my house


and threatened us on our lives if we had any plans of escaping.


No doubt, we are extremely concerned.


And while these children and their families are now safe


there are more reports of civilian casualties inside the city


due to heave shelling by government forces including seven members


Peter Hawkins is in Erbil, about 350 kilometres north of Baghdad.


He's part of the UNICEF team providing humanitarian relief


Thanks for joining us. You have been into which, your organisation has


been interred should with those who have escaped. Can anyone reach those


who are trapped? Know and we haven't for over a year. The last time we


were able to send in any assistance was this time last year when we were


able to undertake the vaccination campaign for children. How worried


are you about those who are in the city and what are you hearing about


those who have managed to get out? We're very concerned for all the


civilians in the city, particularly the children who must be going


through a horrendous experience as the bombs descend upon Falluja


especially in the dark. You have the sounds of the explosions. This is on


top of period whereby they have not had the basic needs for a long time.


Their medication on these have been put on hold, all they want to do is


come out and lead a normal life. Do you think it is possible for this to


resolve with the Iraqi government forces driving out IS without


further civilian casualties? It is precarious at the moment. We call on


all sides to protect all civilians especially children who were not


party to this conflict. The situation has been precarious over


the past few months, over 60,000 people have been displaced. Unicef


have been providing water. A lot of the people have been displaced


multiple times. There is always hope when heavy situation like this that


once displaced and they are able to return back to their homes their


normal lives will be able to continue. Some people might ask,


Falluja is a city that has had a lot of problems for a long time, why


people didn't get out earlier. It is difficult. Many B but did get out


but those who were unable to leave have been stuck there for now for


over two years. Many people further up the river have been stuck and


unable to go back. This is where they live, this is their land, this


is where their houses are and where their future lives. They are trying


to stay as close to that as they can. We were not needed there. Many


thanks. California Governor Jerry Brown


on Tuesday endorsed Hillary Clinton for the 2016 Democratic presidential


nomination, saying it was the only way to keep


Republican Donald Trump out Mr Brown said he believes this


is the only way forward to win the presidency and stop


the dangerous candidacy He also said Hillary Clinton had a


huge lead. Leading architects from across


the globe are showcasing their ideas Among them is Lord Foster who,


having already designed the world biggest airport in China,


has taken up the challenge of building the world's


smallest in Rwanda. The aim is to create a network


of droneports to deliver medical supplies to some of Africa's


most inaccessible locations. Lord Foster has been


speaking to our Arts Editor, You could envisage a future perhaps


where there were so many of these that the final footprint was bigger


than the biggest airport. You look at the structure,


you just think, compare it with a traditional structure,


concrete, steel, thick, this is one It could be built locally,


literally digging it out of the ground because it


is only 8% concrete. What is the cultural


and architectural I think the perceived answer


to the needs of emerging communities has been to ship a ready-made


solution and in a way to impose it, and that is not really sustainable


in terms of transportation and there is no buy in so you either


accept or reject it. It might be a tin shed,


a prefabricated this or that. Think of a community,


able to create something, to learn skills and to have


ownership of it. Does this mark a moment


in architecture where we are seeing the perfect marriage


of the modern and ancient? What is interesting is that this


fusion of tradition and cutting edge technology has produced something


which is very delicate. It is beautifully thin and it seems


to almost float on the ground. We think of of the drone


as a killing machine. Here we think of it


as a living machine. The lack of roads and railways


and to be able to deliver cargo and medical supplies and do it


quickly and cheaply using drone technology, which is now moving


at such a fast rate. Bekoji, a small town


in the highlands of Ethiopia, has produced some of the best runners


in the world, including 16 Olympic medals and dozens


of World Championships. The town of just under 20,000


people is the home of some of Ethiopia's most renowned


athletes, all discovered and trained by one man,


coach Sentayehu Eshetu. The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza has


visited the town to go for a run The new breed of young athletes


in Bekoji begin their routine under the keen eye of coach


Sentayehu Eshetu, a man who was discovered and trained four


of Ethiopia's gold medallists. Today he has invited me to take part


in the session. Three times a week they come to this


forest that has previously been the training ground


for the likes of Tirunesh Dibaba The training is intense,


lasting up to an hour and a half. Some of these girls


are as young as 11 and 12. But you can see their fitness levels


are very high. They have been going down the slope


for at least five times only Coach Sentayehu says the secret


for Bekoji's success in athletics is the high altitude


of about 2800 metres above sea level which helps in endurance,


discipline and hard work. Already, he has seen potential


in this group he trains Translation: We want them to be


good athletes competing at the international level,


representing their country. We will first get them in clubs


and if they are capable of representing their country we will


let them compete at a national level and then they will move


on to the international arena. This place is, therefore,


where they start by journey. But the training here is about much


more than producing gold medallists. Coach Sentayehu is part


of the unique scholarship programme that aims


to give young female athletes life skills and an opportunity


to further their education. Translation: I started running


at elementary school When I finished school I joined


athletes at the camp. Before leaving the camp I spoke


to the manager to be part of his team because I wanted


to have an opportunity to participate on the


international stage for my country and to change the livelihood of my


family. In future, I want to reach


the highest level and help my family Coach Sentayehu acknowledges


not everyone here will turn professional but it shows how


a positive impact sport can have on the community,


something this town Emmanuel Igunza, BBC


News, Bekoji, Ethiopia. Now, after six decades in football,


the only player ever to have won Strikes are causing disruption right


across France. President Holland is refusing to withdraw the reforms


which would make it easier to hire and dismiss workers. The writer


states has warned of potential terrorist attacks during the


football championships. Five. -- United States.


Hello. They were big contrast of weather across the UK, some were


fine and sunny and some of us were quite wet. Scotland and Northern


Ireland will see the best of the sunshine on offer tomorrow. Here is


the big picture through the middle of the week. Whether frustrated


across England and Wales bring that cloud and


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