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This is BBC World News Today with me Geeta Guru-Murthy.
The headlines - In Paris a warning that more strikes and protests
But President Hollande refuses to withdraw the reforms
which would make it easier for employers to hire
Iraqi government forces are facing ferocious resistance
from Islamic State militants in the key city of Falluja.
Growing controversy in Pakistan after an Islamic council advises
husbands that it's OK to "lightly beat" your wife.
We're in the country's highlands finding out why they've produced
We start in France, where strikes and protests by workers opposed
to the government's controversial proposed labour reforms continue
President Hollande has repeated his refusal
Two government ministers have appealed for the CGT
Let's remind you why the reforms are stirring up such anger.
They could end France's cherished 35 hour week and bosses would also
have more power to reduce pay and shed jobs.
The dispute has been running for two months and could escalate
with a national railway strike due to start on Wednesday.
Six of the country's eight oil refineries are still halted
or running at reduced capacity, and workers on the Paris Metro
One CGT union leader wants the government to reconsider
the reforms which were pushed through the lower house
With France due to host the Euro 2016 football competition next week,
tourism officials are concerned tourists will be put
The US State Department has just issued a warning that the tournament
could also be a target for terrorists. Lucy Williamson has been
watching the days events. From France's northern cities to its
southern ports. Opposition to these reforms has spread among the
nation's industrial planes. The tactics as simple as the simple bash
message. Stop. The government says it is trying to unblock France's
economy. But union leaders say that freedom comes at the expense of
workers' rights. Over the past few weeks the protests have spread. From
oil refineries to highways. The transport hopes. There is no shame
as a political leader in admitting when you have made a mistake. Then
we can work together on creating social progress in this country. The
government is admitting nothing of the sword. It has been dipping into
the country's oil reserves and removing arcades to keep the country
running. The Prime Minister has said compromise is possible but he will
not scrap the bill. Blocking the country, stopping the French people
from getting around, from living their normal lives, damaging
France's reputation, threatening the economic revival which is taking
hold is unacceptable. Today, railway workers joined the rolling strikes.
40% of high-speed trains are thought to be affected, two thirds of
intercity lines. Further strikes are planned this week by air traffic
controllers and Paris underground star. Several unions have called for
the protest to continue as the clock ticks on to was the start of the
European Championships next week. Christophe Premat joins us now
with further insight. Thanks very much for joining us.
What do you make of this action that we are seeing? Do you think it can
and should be solved? Shouldn't be sorted out before the big football
tournament? It is hard to predict but I would
say that we pay the fact that we didn't have any parliamentary debate
on this. We paid the fact we leave under an in emergency state. There
are a lot of frustrations. The year has been really hard. You have this
feeling of frustration coming up now with these discussions. It is too
bad we give this image of a Ken Tribbett cannot advance. -- that
cannot. We need to go back to negotiation about the explanation.
Who are you supporting? New supporting the government and the
changes it is trying to implement all those who are protesting? I
support the parliamentary debate we didn't have. We owe that to the
citizen is because it is important for the future of the country. They
understand the government, we have to have a responsibility. I don't
think this is the right way to block the country just because of one or
two trade unionists and stop we need to have a discussion somewhere in
the country. The parliament is the location for that. We should have
discussion in parliament even if the government decides not to have a
vote. At least, discussion is needed. We have had a few
discussions in a few committees but not in a plenary session. How
worried are you about the impact of people coming to France for the Euro
competition? We've heard from the United States about a potential
security threat saying they are worried and are warning all US
citizens in your up, potentially including the football tournament,
US citizens are the targets. It adds up to a few difficult days for
France. We live under an emergency is states. It will be in order in a
few days. We have the last game right now, if I may express myself
in the loose terms. We need to find out a way, we need a solution for
that. Maybe you could try to go back to negotiation. We could have a
parliamentary debate in the upcoming weeks. You have different
alternatives so I am not worried about that. We should be careful
with that because if you have big strikes, people feel you don't
control a situation. There is this terror, terrorist threat that we
should be able to be together in this event, not just show an image
of it country that is divided. That could be bad. I am confident about
the situation that it will be solved. How are you confident? In
what way can it be solved? You are looking at multiple strikes in
multiple different areas of everyday life and a president that has never
been popular from the beginning. It isn't a question of popularity, it
is a question about the law. We didn't have the debates are we
didn't have the space to explain. You have all the trade unions trying
to wary about just one particular article, the second article of the
law. It decentralised the process of social rejuvenation -- regulation.
It was the law but determined the way it negotiated the content of
work before. But now it is inside the company. We have to make sure it
will be better for workers, it'll be better for the companies that they
can try to have a social compromise. That is something that worries
French people right now. They think, yes, the government just once to
decentralise the decisions and doesn't want to be responsible for
that. It is where we have to explain. Many thanks indeed her
joining us. Staying with France,
the Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, has announced plans for what she calls
a 'humanitarian camp' for migrants and refugees
in the north of the capital. Several hundred migrants have been
living rough under railway bridges These people pictured were moved
out of their makeshift site near a Paris Metro station
earlier this month. The new camp is expected to provide
both day facilities and overnight accommodation and is expected
to open in the next six weeks. Now a look at some of
the days other news. Belgium hit by transport strikes,
with France to follow suit as unions protest over pension
and labour reforms. The protesters are not happy with
the government is's austerity measures.
Poland launched a fresh bid to extradite Oscar-winning director
Roman Polanski to the United States at the request of the country's
justice minister who appealed to the Supreme Court on Tuesday.
The US had requested that the Oscar-winning filmmaker be
sent back to face sentencing over a 1977 case if statutory rape.
The trial of Argentina and Barcelona footballer Lionel Messi on tax fraud
Messi and his father Jorge, who manages his financial affairs,
are accused of defrauding Spain of more than four million euros
The authorities allege that the two used tax havens in Belize
and Uruguay to conceal earnings from image rights.
A top EU court advisor says that employers in the EU may be able
to ban Muslim staff from wearing headscarves to work
as long as it is part of a general prohibition
The opinion was issued by Juliane Kokott, an Advocate General
It came after a Belgian court sought clarification on what is banned
In the Belgian case, a receptionist was fired for wearing
Pakistan's human rights commission has condemned a draft bill
from a group of Islamic religious advisors which says a husband can
The controversial proposal was a response to a women's
protection law passed by the Punjab government in March.
Pakistani religious groups called the bill un-Islamic.
BBC Urdu's Iram Abbasi reports from Islamabad.
Maria has been coming to this court for two years.
She wishes to remain anonymous fearing social persecution
for speaking out against domestic violence.
Translation: After our first daughter was born, my husband would
beat me every second day for hours, pulling out my hair and slapping me.
He was upset I hadn't given birth to a boy.
Human Rights Watch estimates that between 70% to 90% of Pakistani
women face domestic violence and self harm.
In a conservative Pakistani society it is an
honour will be maligned if a woman can't sustain her marriage,
thus forcing her to stay in an abusive relationship at all cost.
Earlier this year in a landmark move, Pakistan's parliament enacted
the protection of women against violence Bill.
This legislation set out penalties for crimes including
domestic violence, psychological and economic
But hopes were quickly dashed as the Council
of Islamic Ideology rejected the law declaring it un-Islamic.
The council is a constitutional body with advises parliament on religion
and offers recommendations on how laws can conform with the
conservative form of Islam, sharia law.
After it rejected the women's protection bill,
The council says it doesn't have a final draft but it
hasn't denied media reports that a man can lightly beat his
Translation: Whether it is the father or husband,
he's not allowed to hit a woman where she suffers a bone
The proposals have generated anger across Pakistan.
Many have taken to social media to protest.
The human rights commission has said the
No woman or sane man in Pakistan do not accept this.
First of all, the Council of Islamic Ideology has
overstepped its constitutional mandated and its jurisdiction.
I demand a constitutional amendment to disband CII.
The government can ignore the council's
recommendations and has done in the past.
A small victory for Pakistan's many domestic violence victims.
Iraqi forces trying to fight their way into the key city
of Falluja say they have repelled a four hour counter attack by
Iraqi commanders say they have started probing the city's defences.
As the fighting continues, aid agencies are increasingly
concerned for the safety of up to fifty thousand civilians
trapped in the city which was seized by IS more two years ago.
Shi'ite militia and Iraqi government forces are now moving ever closer
to the city of Fallujah itself, having fought their way
through the surrounding countryside over the past week.
There's been fierce fighting this morning in a key southern suburb
and government troops claim they may enter the city itself later today.
Fallujah lies less than 50 miles from the capital Baghdad
and Islamic State has been in control of it
Retaking the city is a key goal for the government.
But as the final assault on Falluja draws closer, concern
about the fate of the civilian population is intensifying.
These refugees are amongst the lucky ones.
They managed to get out of the city in time.
This woman says there is no food or medicine in the city and says
Islamic State militants had taken their men away.
She doesn't know if they are alive or dead.
Aid agencies say, so far, only around 4,000 civilians have
That leaves more than 40,000 still trapped inside the city.
And there are reports Islamic State is preventing people from leaving.
We are extremely concerned that the 50,000
individuals that are still trapped inside Falluja.
We have also, I have been talking to families that
have managed to get out, tell us that, Isis came to my house
and threatened us on our lives if we had any plans of escaping.
No doubt, we are extremely concerned.
And while these children and their families are now safe
there are more reports of civilian casualties inside the city
due to heave shelling by government forces including seven members
Peter Hawkins is in Erbil, about 350 kilometres north of Baghdad.
He's part of the UNICEF team providing humanitarian relief
Thanks for joining us. You have been into which, your organisation has
been interred should with those who have escaped. Can anyone reach those
who are trapped? Know and we haven't for over a year. The last time we
were able to send in any assistance was this time last year when we were
able to undertake the vaccination campaign for children. How worried
are you about those who are in the city and what are you hearing about
those who have managed to get out? We're very concerned for all the
civilians in the city, particularly the children who must be going
through a horrendous experience as the bombs descend upon Falluja
especially in the dark. You have the sounds of the explosions. This is on
top of period whereby they have not had the basic needs for a long time.
Their medication on these have been put on hold, all they want to do is
come out and lead a normal life. Do you think it is possible for this to
resolve with the Iraqi government forces driving out IS without
further civilian casualties? It is precarious at the moment. We call on
all sides to protect all civilians especially children who were not
party to this conflict. The situation has been precarious over
the past few months, over 60,000 people have been displaced. Unicef
have been providing water. A lot of the people have been displaced
multiple times. There is always hope when heavy situation like this that
once displaced and they are able to return back to their homes their
normal lives will be able to continue. Some people might ask,
Falluja is a city that has had a lot of problems for a long time, why
people didn't get out earlier. It is difficult. Many B but did get out
but those who were unable to leave have been stuck there for now for
over two years. Many people further up the river have been stuck and
unable to go back. This is where they live, this is their land, this
is where their houses are and where their future lives. They are trying
to stay as close to that as they can. We were not needed there. Many
thanks. California Governor Jerry Brown
on Tuesday endorsed Hillary Clinton for the 2016 Democratic presidential
nomination, saying it was the only way to keep
Republican Donald Trump out Mr Brown said he believes this
is the only way forward to win the presidency and stop
the dangerous candidacy He also said Hillary Clinton had a
huge lead. Leading architects from across
the globe are showcasing their ideas Among them is Lord Foster who,
having already designed the world biggest airport in China,
has taken up the challenge of building the world's
smallest in Rwanda. The aim is to create a network
of droneports to deliver medical supplies to some of Africa's
most inaccessible locations. Lord Foster has been
speaking to our Arts Editor, You could envisage a future perhaps
where there were so many of these that the final footprint was bigger
than the biggest airport. You look at the structure,
you just think, compare it with a traditional structure,
concrete, steel, thick, this is one It could be built locally,
literally digging it out of the ground because it
is only 8% concrete. What is the cultural
and architectural I think the perceived answer
to the needs of emerging communities has been to ship a ready-made
solution and in a way to impose it, and that is not really sustainable
in terms of transportation and there is no buy in so you either
accept or reject it. It might be a tin shed,
a prefabricated this or that. Think of a community,
able to create something, to learn skills and to have
ownership of it. Does this mark a moment
in architecture where we are seeing the perfect marriage
of the modern and ancient? What is interesting is that this
fusion of tradition and cutting edge technology has produced something
which is very delicate. It is beautifully thin and it seems
to almost float on the ground. We think of of the drone
as a killing machine. Here we think of it
as a living machine. The lack of roads and railways
and to be able to deliver cargo and medical supplies and do it
quickly and cheaply using drone technology, which is now moving
at such a fast rate. Bekoji, a small town
in the highlands of Ethiopia, has produced some of the best runners
in the world, including 16 Olympic medals and dozens
of World Championships. The town of just under 20,000
people is the home of some of Ethiopia's most renowned
athletes, all discovered and trained by one man,
coach Sentayehu Eshetu. The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza has
visited the town to go for a run The new breed of young athletes
in Bekoji begin their routine under the keen eye of coach
Sentayehu Eshetu, a man who was discovered and trained four
of Ethiopia's gold medallists. Today he has invited me to take part
in the session. Three times a week they come to this
forest that has previously been the training ground
for the likes of Tirunesh Dibaba The training is intense,
lasting up to an hour and a half. Some of these girls
are as young as 11 and 12. But you can see their fitness levels
are very high. They have been going down the slope
for at least five times only Coach Sentayehu says the secret
for Bekoji's success in athletics is the high altitude
of about 2800 metres above sea level which helps in endurance,
discipline and hard work. Already, he has seen potential
in this group he trains Translation: We want them to be
good athletes competing at the international level,
representing their country. We will first get them in clubs
and if they are capable of representing their country we will
let them compete at a national level and then they will move
on to the international arena. This place is, therefore,
where they start by journey. But the training here is about much
more than producing gold medallists. Coach Sentayehu is part
of the unique scholarship programme that aims
to give young female athletes life skills and an opportunity
to further their education. Translation: I started running
at elementary school When I finished school I joined
athletes at the camp. Before leaving the camp I spoke
to the manager to be part of his team because I wanted
to have an opportunity to participate on the
international stage for my country and to change the livelihood of my
family. In future, I want to reach
the highest level and help my family Coach Sentayehu acknowledges
not everyone here will turn professional but it shows how
a positive impact sport can have on the community,
something this town Emmanuel Igunza, BBC
News, Bekoji, Ethiopia. Now, after six decades in football,
the only player ever to have won Strikes are causing disruption right
across France. President Holland is refusing to withdraw the reforms
which would make it easier to hire and dismiss workers. The writer
states has warned of potential terrorist attacks during the
football championships. Five. -- United States.
Hello. They were big contrast of weather across the UK, some were
fine and sunny and some of us were quite wet. Scotland and Northern
Ireland will see the best of the sunshine on offer tomorrow. Here is
the big picture through the middle of the week. Whether frustrated
across England and Wales bring that cloud and