03/06/2016 World News Today


03/06/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC world News today broadcasting in the UK and around

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the world. The latest headlines. The River Seine in Paris surges to its

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highest level in 30 years. Spilling onto the city streets and forcing

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key landmarks to shut down. The battle to retake foliage, the BBC is

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given exclusive access to the Iraqi pilots fighting so-called Islamic

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State -- Falluja. A Fifa investigation shows how Sepp Blatter

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and two other senior officials awarded themselves $80 million in

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bonuses over just five years. Reunited: the codebreakers who

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changed the course of World War II. A very warm welcome. With the River

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Seine are rising by the hour, Paris is in emergency mode. The river is

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at its highest levels of 35 years. Fear of flooding has left to the

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closure of two of the city 's most famous museums, the Louvre and the

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d'Orsay. Staff are moving priceless artworks to the safety of higher

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floors. Flooding has already affected great swathes of France and

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Germany, with a dozen deaths reported and widespread disruption

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to transport and power. This statue, known as the Zouave,

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measures the height of the Seine. Parisiens crowd around to see how

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high the river has got. Normally, the water barely reaches

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the Zouave's toes. Now it goes all the way

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up to his thighs. It's incredible, like,

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I think everyone is shocked and all Parisiens are like,

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wow, oh, God, what is happening? I think it is completely crazy

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and it starts to be maybe dangerous The Government is declaring a state

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of natural disaster in flooded Rescuers have moved more than 20,000

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people from their homes. This week, we found the town

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of Nemours cut in two. The only way across is

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by canoe or tractor. Floodwaters from some zones have

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flowed towards the capital. The River Seine has

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risen dramatically. There is barely any room left

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underneath the bridges. One of the city's most famous sites,

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the Louvre Museum, the home of the Mona Lisa,

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is right next to the Seine. The Louvre invited us

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to see its emergency measures. It has stopped tourists from coming

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and it has moved these boxes of antiquities from the basement

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to the ground floor, The Mona Lisa herself lives

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safely on the first floor. The city now waits to see

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if the waters will recede. For years, France was concerned

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about its economy going under. Now it's got the same

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worry about its capital. James Reynolds, BBC News,

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Paris. The short time ago I spoke with a

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resident in Paris about the flooding. It's quite impressive

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because normally the space near the trees is one of the major roads. It

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is one of the major access which goes from the West to east of Paris.

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Now completely flooded. Generally it happens every year that you have

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some floods in Paris and sometimes the roads are closed. But I

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personally have never seen this before. I guess my entire gender --

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my entire generation has never seen that. It is almost reaching the

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banks as you can see. It is quite impressive. For me the principal

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attraction of Paris in the last two days is the River Seine and not the

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Eiffel Tower. Some other news to bring you now. The British Army

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failed in its duty of care to a young recruit who was found dead at

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Deepcut Barracks in Surrey in 1995. That was the verdict of the coroner

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at the second inquest into the death of Pte Cheryl James. He ruled the

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18-year-old has killed herself and he criticised what he could be

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sexualised atmosphere at the barracks, saying some instructors

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viewed female trainees as a sexual challenge. A seven-year-old Japanese

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boy is recovering in hospital after being found six days after he went

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missing. The boy was found in an army training base about four

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kilometres from where he was left by his parents. His father has

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apologised to his son and the rescuers. Five gang main -- five

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gang members behind the UK's biggest gun smuggling operation had been

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jailed. Harry Schilling received a longer sentence. They smuggled

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weapons into the UK, some came from the same source as those used in the

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Paris attacks on Charlie Hebdo. Government treats in Iraq are facing

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heavy resistance as they tried to fight their way towards Falluja.

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More than 1000 members of Iraqi forces have been wounded and the

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military have become increasingly reliant on air power. A reporter has

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been given exclusive access to the Iraqi army's aviation wings over

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Falluja. This is what a war in a rock looks

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like from above. We are over a village north of Falluja. The Iraqi

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army have been told their target is a building where more than 25 to

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from the Islamic State group are holding a meeting. -- 20 fighters

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from Islamic State group. If they were there, they aren't any more.

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For these pilots the fight to retake Falluja has been a 24 hour a day

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full time job, and each day just getting harder. There are roughly

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50,000 civilians trapped inside the city, and many believe they are

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being used as human shields. The pilot of this helicopter told us

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from this sky it is difficult now to know who is your enemy and who is

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your friend. For some, this battle is incredibly personal. Mohammed was

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in London on a training course, when he heard that IS had taken over his

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neighbourhood in Falluja. He couldn't get in touch with his

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family for four days. TRANSLATION: I asked my neighbour to sneak into my

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home, take our family photos and keep them safe. He said he couldn't

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because Isis had already been inside my house and had written on my walls

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they would kill me. I dropped the bomb that destroyed my house. I

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asked her that mission. Mohammed said he will never return to

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Falluja, but he will keep fighting for it. And IS are fighting back

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with everything they have. Including anti-aircraft weapons. But

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this time they missed. Unharmed, they are asked to help the injured.

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The military believes they are facing up to 3000 IS fighters in

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Falluja. But right now, their biggest concern is not the

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extremists. TRANSLATION: The most difficult thing is making the

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distinction between fighters and civilians. We are taking our time to

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get it right. Even if they are family members of an IS fighter,

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they are civilians in our rise. Falluja cannot be read taken by air

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strikes alone. But it is an important part of a tough battle.

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Now, this city remains riddled with fighting terrified residents.

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It's been a particularly deadly day for migrants attempting the

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dangerous crossing of the Mediterranean. The bodies of at

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least 100 migrants have washed up on a beach in Libya. Teams have been

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working to recover the bodies coming ashore in the western Libyan town of

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Zuwarah. We have been told the majority of the victims were women.

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According to the Red Cross is little else is known about who these

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people. It was a lucky outcome for 340 migrants who were rescued off

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the coast of Crete. A large search operation is underway to find any

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other survivors after a boat with of migrants on board capsized. Four

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bodies have been recovered so far, most of the survivors were on board

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a cargo vessel heading to Italy. It is still unclear how many people

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were on the boat. They told us that the sea is getting

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rough and the maritime weather forecast is not looking good which

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could obviously hampered rescue efforts. Just over 100 kilometres

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off the coast behind me. It has been a huge operation all day involving

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the Greek, Italian, Egyptian coastguards. We are talking about

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patrol boats but also helicopters, planes. And what we know is now

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crucial to this operation has been the presence of commercial ships in

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the vicinity of the thinking. We understand that a Norwegian gas

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tanker was the closest and therefore the fastest to get to the scene,

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rescued over 200 survivors and it's heading to Italy. Others are now on

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their way to Malta or Turkey and Egypt. The men questioned tonight --

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the main question tonight is how many more, is it dozens or hundreds

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still to be rescued. Three weeks of campaigning to go

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until British voters must decide whether to leave or remain in the EU

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in a referendum to be held on June the 23rd. Opinion polls are showing

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the British public are fairly evenly split. David Cameron made the case

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for Remain last night, tonight it is the turn of Michael Gove, who is in

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favour of Britain leaving the EU. Our chief political correspondent is

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in west London and has been listening to Michael Gove. What do

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you make of his performance so far? He faced questions from a senior

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journalist and then questions from the audience. At the beginning he

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was asked to talk about the economy, to talk about what economic

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institutions, what economists backed the case for Brexit, for Britain

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leaving the European Union. He said he didn't care whether they backed

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it or not, he said that wasn't important because they had got

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things wrong in the past about Britain joining the euro for

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example. The theme and the pitch from Michael Gove was very clear,

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throughout his interview, he wanted to talk about democracy. He wanted

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to talk about the plus side of Britain leaving the European Union

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and taking back control of its economy, immigration policy and of

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its sovereignty. It's the invincible arrogance of Europe's elites that

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gets me. These are people who have seen the year a collapse, is a

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people presiding over a migration crisis on their borders. And yet

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they ever acknowledge they need to change? No. They say they need more

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integration, more money, more control. I think it's time we said

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to people who are incapable of acknowledging they've ever got

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anything wrong, I'm sorry, you've had your day. Unelected,

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unaccountable elites, I'm afraid it's time to say you're fired. We're

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going to take back control. This comes 24 hours after the Prime

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Minister David Cameron stated his case for remaining inside the EU at

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the same centre. He was given a bit of a rough ride by the audience. At

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one point accused of waffling. How has Michael Gove gone down with the

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audience? The audience seemed to be more involved. They were clapping,

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they would Shearing. They were also building in other places. They did

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certainly seem more involved. When one questioner said to Michael Gove

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that he saw it that Michael Gove was like a general in the war, waving

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the white flag and saying to his troops, go over the top, with no

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idea what is on the other side of the trenches. That really has been

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the argument from the Remain side throughout this European referendum

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campaign. They say those who want to leave the EU have no idea what they

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are going into, no idea what effect it might have on the economy and

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Michael Gove was. Admit he couldn't guarantee that jobs wouldn't be lost

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if Britain exited. Thank you. Stay with us here on BBC world News

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because still to come, we meet the codebreakers who changed the course

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of World War II as they reunite. A very warm welcome to you. This is

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BBC world News today. The latest headlines, the River Seine in Paris

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reaches its highest level in 30 years. Spilling onto the streets and

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forcing key landmarks to close. The red Crescent says the bodies of 117

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migrants have been recovered on a beach in Western Libya. A spokesman

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for Libya 's Navy said an empty boat was found on Thursday. An

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international conference aimed at reviving the quest for a two state

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solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has taken place in Paris.

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The Foreign Minister in France said players from more than 20 countries

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will now make preparations for in renewed negotiations to work out

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economic incentives and security warranties for both nations. But

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neither Israel nor the Palestinians were invited to the meeting. Jeremy

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Bowen reports from Paris. The River Seine is flooding after days of

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torrential rain. The people of Paris have a different kind of crisis on

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their hands. At least it's about the weather. In a city that has been hit

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badly by the contagion of violence from the Middle East. The world's

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big powers, the UN and the Arab League were represented here but not

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the Palestinians or the Israelis. In the end that didn't matter much. A

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half day conference was not about substantive negotiation. Instead it

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was designed to get the idea of peace between Israel and the

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Palestinians back on the international agenda. France's

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President Hollande told them it was dangerous to ignore the conflict. He

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said, worries remain, and so does violence. Hope is diminishing. The

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conflict centred on Jerusalem is as poisonous as ever. The conference

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said things cannot go on the way they are, it asked both sides to

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take steps to show they believe in a two state solution, an independent

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Palestine alongside Israel. That's not the most effective way to do

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this. The most effective way to have peace is to zip down with

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Palestinian neighbours and discuss all of the difficult issues on the

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table including mutual recognition, including settlements and borders.

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The Palestinians say that's nonsense, then the problem is nearly

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50 years of Israeli occupation. Unlike Israel, Palestinians welcomed

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the internationalisation of attempts to end the conflict. The message is

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enough settlements, enough dictations, it is time to stop that

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and activities, it is time to Israel to comply with agreement signed.

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John Kerry was in Paris. He brokered the last attempt at peacemaking

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which collapsed two years ago. The French want a full peace conference

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by the end of the year. Israel wants direct talks with the Palestinians.

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Relations between Israelis and Palestinians are so bitter that no

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talks the talk could be the outcome. Here in Paris President Hollande is

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correct, the conflict shouldn't be relegated to being a side issue just

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because the rest of the region is in turmoil. It remains a dangerous

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conflict, generating and exporting hatred, and also capable of creating

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big international crisis. Sadly, there is a greater chance of more

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bloodshed between the two sides than there is of serious negotiations.

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Let alone making peace. Jeremy Bowen, BBC News, Paris. Time for the

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latest sport. Sepp Blatter, Jerome Valcke and Markus Kattner awarded

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themselves pay rises and bonuses worth over $80 million over five

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years according to Fifa lawyers. They revealed the contract of Sepp

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Blatter, Jerome Valcke and Markus Kattner. ?55 million is the figure,

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a staggering sum of money that the lawyers of Fifa say was carved up

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between three officials at the top of the organisation. Sepp Blatter,

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Jerome Valcke and Markus Kattner. Between the three of them they

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signed off on contracts which awarded them bonus payments for

:20:54.:20:57.

successful World Cup saw other successful tournaments, and other

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payments that allowed them to indemnify themselves if they ever

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lost their jobs. Today the lawyers outlined the scale, the breadth and

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depth of those payments to those three men over that five-year

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period. Richard Cullen is lawyer for Sepp Blatter antibodies to date men

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saying that Sepp Blatter looked forward to the opportunity to

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explain to Fifa how about compensation and figures and bonus

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payments were fair and in line with what other leading sports

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administrators receive. He will try in coming weeks, perhaps through a

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spokesman, to justify payments he received during his time in office.

:21:40.:21:43.

Usain Bolt could lose one of his three gold medals at the 2008

:21:44.:21:48.

Beijing Olympics. It's been reported being sample of one of his

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team-mates Nesta Carter was found to contain a banned substance. The news

:21:55.:21:59.

comes after the retesting of 454 samples from the games. Carter will

:22:00.:22:03.

only face sanctions if his B sample also tests positive. Neither Carter

:22:04.:22:10.

nor his agent reply to requests for comment. They backed Djokovic is on

:22:11.:22:13.

course to achieve Akira grand slam after reaching the final of the

:22:14.:22:17.

French Open. The world number one overcame Dominic Thiem as he

:22:18.:22:22.

searches for a maiden title at Roland Garros. He will have to beat

:22:23.:22:28.

Andy Murray to do it, he becomes the first British man to reach the

:22:29.:22:33.

French Open final in 79 years after a win over defending champions Stan

:22:34.:22:38.

Wawrinka. Serena Williams is through to the women's final. She recovered

:22:39.:22:44.

from a sluggish start against Bertens. Williams made routine work

:22:45.:22:51.

of the second set taking it 7-6, 6-4. She will play Mugaruza in a

:22:52.:23:00.

repeat of last year 's Wimbledon final. That is all the sport for

:23:01.:23:05.

now. The World War II codebreakers of

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Bletchley Park just outside London are rightly famous for cracking the

:23:15.:23:21.

Enigma code. They also broke the Lorenz cipher. Today there has been

:23:22.:23:32.

a reunion at the National Museum of computing.

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Hitler and his generals thought their codes were unbreakable.

:23:35.:23:36.

Top secret signals encrypted using Enigma machines were routinely

:23:37.:23:39.

deciphered at Bletchley Park, but there was another German code,

:23:40.:23:42.

even more secret, known as Lorenz, and that too was

:23:43.:23:44.

Today, wartime veterans reassembled at the National Museum of Computing,

:23:45.:23:52.

where, for the first time, all the equipment needed to encrypt

:23:53.:23:55.

and decrypt the signals has been brought together.

:23:56.:23:59.

There is a teleprinter used by the Germans for typing

:24:00.:24:01.

in the original message, picked up for a tenner on eBay.

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There is a Lorenz cypher machine, on loan from a museum in Norway,

:24:05.:24:09.

with its 12 wheels used for encrypting messages.

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And there is a reconstruction of the machine they built here,

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known as a tunny, which mimicked the working of the Lorenz,

:24:17.:24:19.

Much of the work was done by Wrens, who had little idea at the time

:24:20.:24:26.

of the significance of what they were doing.

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Well, we realise we were working codes, you had to be

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a fool not to realise, but we weren't told very much.

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We certainly didn't know we were working Hitler's codes

:24:37.:24:39.

Irene, like these Wrens, worked on Colossus, arguably

:24:40.:24:46.

Colossus machines worked out the Lorenz cypher's machine settings

:24:47.:24:52.

It took weeks by hand, but then there were 1.6 million billion

:24:53.:24:57.

It is fascinating to think that this is the world's first

:24:58.:25:04.

This building links the history of the code breaking work

:25:05.:25:09.

And the pioneers that built these machines weren't

:25:10.:25:18.

computer scientists, the term hadn't been invented,

:25:19.:25:21.

but Post Office telephone engineers, using standard

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That's all we've got time for. Thank you for being with us. Get in touch,

:25:24.:25:44.

we always love to hear from you. At next week got the weather.

:25:45.:25:49.

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