13/06/2016 World News Today


13/06/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines: New details emerge from the horror of

:00:07.:00:09.

49 people were murdered - President Obama has described

:00:10.:00:14.

the massacre as an act of home-grown extremism.

:00:15.:00:19.

There is no evidence so far that he was in fact directed.

:00:20.:00:24.

Also, at this stage, there is no direct evidence that he

:00:25.:00:27.

More questions about the man who carried out the worst

:00:28.:00:32.

It's reported he was mentally unstable and prone to violence.

:00:33.:00:42.

The FBI explains how they tracked him in the past.

:00:43.:00:46.

We are working hard to understand the killer and his motives

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But we are highly confident that this killer was radicalised

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and, at least in some part, through the internet.

:00:54.:00:55.

Violence by fans at the Euro football championships -

:00:56.:00:57.

now the French authorities could ban alcohol and threaten

:00:58.:00:59.

Microsoft has announced it will buy the professional

:01:00.:01:04.

networking website LinkedIn for $26bn.

:01:05.:01:26.

President Obama has said there is no clear evidence that the Orlando

:01:27.:01:29.

terrorist attack was directed by the Islamic State group

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or that it was part of a larger plot.

:01:35.:01:37.

The President said it seemed the gunman had pledged allegiance

:01:38.:01:39.

to IS at the last minute and had been inspired by extremist

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The FBI gave details of how it had tracked Omar Mateen

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but its Director said, at present, he couldn't see

:01:50.:01:52.

what they could have done differently.

:01:53.:01:54.

In the last half an hour or so, Hillary Clinton named

:01:55.:01:57.

countries in the Middle East who she said should do more to stop

:01:58.:02:00.

Let's get more from Michelle Fleury in Orlando, Florida.

:02:01.:02:14.

Thank you. The police have described three encounters with the gunman

:02:15.:02:23.

over the course of three hours. That is at the Pulse nightclub about a

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block away from where I stand. This area is still cordoned off and an

:02:28.:02:37.

active investigation scene. The mayor of Orlando told me that over

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the next few days he expects investigators do try and recreate

:02:42.:02:44.

what happened in the early hours of Sunday morning. From what we have

:02:45.:02:48.

learned, the decision was taken to go into the nightclub after the

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gunman threatens to use explosives. At the time, he had several

:02:57.:03:01.

hostages. By the latest let's cross to Laura.

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The hours of anguish ended in horror for so many.

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Relatives ushered quietly inside to be told there are

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some, their daughter, their brother was among the dead.

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The sound of rapid gunfire coming from this

:03:17.:03:19.

popular gay nightclub will haunt this city.

:03:20.:03:23.

The attacker fired relentlessly, and when

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There was a stand-off for three hours before an armed response unit

:03:26.:03:34.

When the shooting stopped, 50 people were left dead.

:03:35.:03:41.

I want to say it lasted for about eight minutes.

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He just kept on shooting and shooting and just walking around.

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And then he changed to other ammunition.

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And then changed to another ammunition...

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I could just smell the ammo in the air and

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President Obama said the gunman Omar Mateen had hatred in his heart.

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We are still looking at all the motivations of the Keller but it is

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a reminder that, regardless of race, religion, faith or sexual

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orientation, we are all Americans. -- the killer.

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We need to be looking after each other.

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A 29-year-old citizen of Afghan descent, he

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dialled 911 before the attack to swear allegiance to the so-called

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What he did was... Totally he is wrong and I do not approve of what

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he did. As a father, I do not forgive him.

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He'd come to the attention of the FBI on three

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occasions, but they decided he posed no threat.

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So far we see no indication this was a plot directed from outside the

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United States and no indication he was part of any kind of network.

:05:11.:05:13.

His ex-wife said he was volatile and unstable.

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A few months after we were married, I saw his instability and I saw that

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he was bipolar and would get mad out of nowhere.

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That's when I started worrying about my safety and then

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after a few months he started abusing me physically.

:05:25.:05:27.

The gay, lesbian and transgender community has seen violence before,

:05:28.:05:36.

Across the country, rainbow flags were held

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high in solidarity and in unity, their voices raised to condemn this

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Years before committing one of the worst shootings in American history,

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Omar Mateen was already on the radar of the FBI. Twice he had been

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investigated. It while ago, FBI director offered this information.

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Our investigation involved introducing confidential sources to

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him and recording conversations with him. We followed him and reviewed

:06:28.:06:32.

transactional records from his communications. Searching all

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Government holdings for any possible connections are derived free

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information. We interviewed him twice and he edited making the

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statements his co-workers reported that explain he did it in anger

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because he thought his co-workers were discriminating against him and

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teasing him because he was Muslim. After ten months of investigation,

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we closed the preliminary investigation. Two months later in

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July 2014, the Keller's name surfaced again in an indirect way.

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Our Miami office investigated the Florida man who had won himself up

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for the Nusra group in Syria, a group Inc on flat with Isil in

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Syria. -- in conflict. Our investigation turned up no ties of

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any consequence between the two of them. Our investigation again turned

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and interviewed the Keller to find out whether he had any significant

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contact with the suicide bomber from Nusra. We determined he did not and

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the enquiry continue focusing on the suicide bomber with no moral focus

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on the Orlando killing. Our work is challenging and we are looking for

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needles in a nationwide haystack but we are also called upon to figure

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out which pieces of he might become needles someday.

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That was the FBI director. One thing we keep hearing from law enforcement

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officials and those who worked in the past insecurity, they keep

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repeating this word about vigilance, that people need to report and talk

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to anyone if they see anything suspicious. While this shooting

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raises many questions about gun control and home-grown terrorism,

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and, phobia, at least for the residents here in Orlando, this is

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still a time for grief and mooring. -- homophobia. -- morning.

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Well, the authorities in the US have now revealed that Omar Mateen had

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As we mentioned, the US Democratic Presidential candidate,

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Hillary Clinton, has been speaking in the last hour.

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She called for increased efforts to remove Islamic State propaganda

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I am not going to stop fighting for these provisions. The third area

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that demands attention is preventing radicalisation and countering

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efforts by Isis and other international terrorist networks to

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recruit in the United States. And Europe. For starters, it is long

:09:08.:09:18.

past time for the people from Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait to stop their

:09:19.:09:22.

citizens from funding extremist organisations.

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Hillary Clinton in the last hour or so. The other parties in the US have

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revealed that Omar Mateen had visited Saudi Arabia twice in the

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last five years but say they do not know why. Again, questions are being

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asked about how a man who is described as being unstable and

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unhinged could have access to firearms so easily.

:09:44.:09:46.

Mass shootings like the incident in Orlando this weekend

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are a frequent occurrence in the United States.

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It's estimated at least 1.5 million Americans have died in gun related

:09:52.:09:55.

incidents over the past 50 years - more than those killed

:09:56.:09:59.

But, for Donald Trump, who was recently endorsed by the

:10:00.:10:07.

powerful National Rifle Association, gun control is not on the agenda.

:10:08.:10:13.

Instead, within hours of the Orlando shootings,

:10:14.:10:16.

he launched a bruising political salvo at the Obama

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administration and his rival for the presidency, Hillary Clinton.

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We'd better get smart to it because, believe me, all I want is safety.

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What happened yesterday and what happened many times over

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with a president like Obama that doesn't even want to use the term

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In sharp contrast, Hillary Clinton so far has been measured in her

:10:37.:10:48.

response to the Orlando killings, not jumping to conclusions

:10:49.:10:50.

Her campaign team has been bitterly critical of Donald Trump,

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calling him a narcissistic man baby who turned a national tragedy

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into a moment of self-congratulation.

:11:04.:11:06.

He claimed he'd been right about the threat

:11:07.:11:08.

Today, so-called Islamic State has repeated its claim that the Orlando

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attack had been carried out by one of its fighters.

:11:17.:11:20.

But it's still far from clear if IS had any direct link

:11:21.:11:23.

Some of the markers are there, as I said.

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It does look like an Isis-inspired attack.

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It would follow in a pattern of Isis-inspired attacks.

:11:32.:11:34.

It also very clearly fits their model of what

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They want people to undertake so-called do-it-your-own terrorism.

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Whether this was an Islamic State inspired attack or not,

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it's clear what happened in Orlando is now being used politically

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I should say that report was before we heard live from Hillary Clinton

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who has given more detail on her position and response to the

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shooting. Actually a very sober response in the last hour.

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Vali Nasr is a Middle East scholar and former US Government

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He is on the line from Washington DC for us.

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Your response to this, how much of this is a reflection of Obama's

:12:25.:12:33.

foreign policy failure in tackling Syria?

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It is a very tragic either end and it is a reminder of the connection

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between developments in the region and the potential for violence in

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the United States. -- a tragic event. The event is not directly the

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consequence of Obama's foreign policy but to the extent of the

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Islamic State in Iraq and Syria has gained ground because of the

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collapse of political order in Iraq and what happened in Syria. It

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reflects on American foreign policy. Not just the Obama Administration,

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since the Iraq war was actually started by George Bush's

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Administration. The collapse of Iraq created room for Isis to grow and in

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recent years the inability of the United States and its European

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allies to bring the Syrian conflict to an end has given room for Isis to

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continue to fight, and that has made it an attraction for lone wolves in

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the active states who are self motivated terrorists in Europe, and

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they see this fight in Syria and the image of Isis as something glorified

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that they can rally to. Hillary Clinton just said that Saudi

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Arabia and Kuwait have to do more to stop their citizens funding

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terrorism. The you agree? Yes, I agree. The funding from Gulf

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countries of the past two or three decades has created a fertile ground

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for extremism. The funding of hardline clerics and mosques and

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books and pamphlets, all of which promote a vision of Islam that is

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intolerant, is exclusive this, it is hard and harsh in its judgment of

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society. All of this makes for Stark interpretations of Islam and is used

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by terrorist organisations to recruit young people. Many

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terrorists we have seen in the active states or Europe did not know

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much about Islam at all until they came into contact with the

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literature that was subsidised and promoted by funding from the Gulf.

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There are very first encounter with Islam was the hardline Islam

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promoted by funding from the Gulf. Hillary Clinton has... She has just

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said that if she is elected she will make it a top priority to stop these

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lone wolves, to bring Government departments together. Realistically

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that is extremely difficult to do. How much of a threat now do you

:15:13.:15:16.

think the United States is at from the sort of attacks?

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A tremendous amount of bread because guns are available, as we saw in

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this case. -- threat. Somebody who is a loser and thinks by doing

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something like this they can gain glory and fame and be somebody can

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very easily pick a target and acquire a weapon, and declare

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allegiance to Isis, which is a way of transforming what is a criminal

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act into some kind of a "Heroic" political act, and then carry this

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out. Intelligence agencies and law enforcement agencies can do much

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more but in the end the United States is a vast country and we have

:15:56.:16:03.

a culture among some sets of Muslims in the US and Europe you think Isis

:16:04.:16:07.

is a glorified military at war with the United States, and if you can

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join a city become a soldier in a global fight against a superpower...

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And they can easily acquire the weapons to carry it out.

:16:18.:16:20.

Thank you so much. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. A psychologist has told a court

:16:23.:16:24.

in South Africa that the athlete Oscar Pistorius is suffering

:16:25.:16:27.

from depression and anxiety and is not able to testify

:16:28.:16:29.

at his sentencing hearing. Pistorius faces a jail term

:16:30.:16:37.

of at least 15 years for murdering his girlfriend

:16:38.:16:40.

Reeva Steenkamp in 2013. A sentencing decision

:16:41.:16:45.

is expected this week. Nato is to send another

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4,000 more troops to Poland and the Baltic states to help

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reinforce their defences. Nato's General Secretary,

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Jens Stoltenberg, said the decision would send a clear signal that it

:16:56.:16:58.

stands ready to defend any ally. The move is in response to

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Russia's intervention in Ukraine. Brazil have been eliminated

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from the Copa America football It is the first time since 1987

:17:10.:17:11.

that the five-time world champions The result lifted Peru to the top

:17:12.:17:15.

of Group B in the tournament Euro 2016 is in the news

:17:16.:17:22.

for more than the football. The authorities in France say

:17:23.:17:36.

150 Russian hooligans travelled to the tournament "well

:17:37.:17:38.

prepared for ultra-violent action". The chief prosecutor of Marseille,

:17:39.:17:40.

Brice Robin, said they were able to escape arrest after clashes

:17:41.:17:42.

with England fans in Marseille Two England fans have now been

:17:43.:17:45.

jailed for throwing bottles Three French and an Austrian

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are also due to appear These scenes from England's opener

:17:51.:17:56.

in Marseille have cast a cloud England and Russia are now on notice

:17:57.:18:05.

that their fans's behaviour could get their teams thrown out

:18:06.:18:09.

of Euro 2016 if there's It is a threat the England camp

:18:10.:18:11.

are taking very seriously. Now we have a big game coming

:18:12.:18:17.

up against Wales. I would like to ask the fans,

:18:18.:18:20.

please, if you don't For the fans with tickets, be safe,

:18:21.:18:22.

be sensible and continue with your great support

:18:23.:18:26.

for the players. We have worked very hard to get

:18:27.:18:29.

here, and we desperately want to stay in the competition,

:18:30.:18:32.

and I am appealing therefore to all of our fans,

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and we appreciate your support at the matches of course,

:18:37.:18:39.

and we are appealing After the three days of clashes

:18:40.:18:41.

in Marseille, a handful of British and French fans are in custody,

:18:42.:18:48.

but the French authorities say a hardcore group of Russian thugs

:18:49.:18:51.

was largely responsible for this, Two England fans were given short

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jail sentences. TRANSLATION: There are around 150

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people who have a reputation They are very well-trained,

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they are very fast and it is They came here to fight, and were

:19:06.:19:09.

very quick and very violent. Dozens of Germans attacked Ukraine

:19:10.:19:16.

supporters in Lille yesterday. That incident was over in minutes,

:19:17.:19:20.

but there is real concerns about English and Russian fans

:19:21.:19:23.

meeting here this week, An alcohol ban is under

:19:24.:19:25.

consideration, but that, The Russians and the locals

:19:26.:19:31.

here who have been attacking football fans have been

:19:32.:19:36.

stone cold sober. They are constantly focus,

:19:37.:19:39.

they trained for six months, preparing for acts of hooliganism

:19:40.:19:43.

and violence like this. They are not drunk, that is not

:19:44.:19:46.

what has caused the violence here. The headlines echoed the bad

:19:47.:19:50.

old days of endless trouble. England, Russia and France are under

:19:51.:19:55.

pressure to ensure that this So French prosecutors are blaming

:19:56.:19:58.

hardened hooligans for the violence They are pointing out

:19:59.:20:06.

that Russian hooligans were "extremely well trained",

:20:07.:20:09.

so we sent our Moscow correspondent Sarah Rainsford to find

:20:10.:20:11.

out more about them. Violence has been part of Russian

:20:12.:20:15.

football for years and the irony is that Russian hooligans have

:20:16.:20:19.

learnt a lot of what they Now, as one former hooligan told me,

:20:20.:20:21.

they are beating the English There is often talk

:20:22.:20:25.

about a far-right ideology being at the heart

:20:26.:20:31.

of Russian hooliganism, and certainly racism is a problem

:20:32.:20:33.

within the domestic game. Black players talk about insults

:20:34.:20:35.

and they have "monkey" chants But it seems that in France the key

:20:36.:20:38.

motivation is the violence itself. Russian hooligans are trying

:20:39.:20:44.

to prove their supremacy. What I've been told is that the key

:20:45.:20:47.

characteristic of Russian hooligans today is that they work out

:20:48.:20:51.

and they don't drink. In fact, one former hooligan

:20:52.:20:54.

told me that they describe Well, joining me from Paris now

:20:55.:20:59.

is the BBC's John Bennett. We have seen much less football

:21:00.:21:12.

hooliganism in England in recent years and I thought there was a

:21:13.:21:17.

travel ban and a proper policing operation. How were people able to

:21:18.:21:22.

get to France from the UK? Were these people who were not on a

:21:23.:21:29.

police tracking list? That is a question the authorities will be

:21:30.:21:33.

asking. Earlier this year, 2000 million football hooligans from

:21:34.:21:37.

England, Wales and Northern Ireland were banned from travelling here to

:21:38.:21:41.

ensure they would not be in France during the Euro 2016 tournament.

:21:42.:21:47.

Still, the violence has happened. I think it is a coveted situation in

:21:48.:21:52.

Marseille. It is more than just the England fans. -- complicated. It has

:21:53.:21:59.

to be stressed that it was a very, very small minority who were

:22:00.:22:02.

troublemakers. Those are the reports we have been getting here. I have

:22:03.:22:07.

been in Paris for all of the Euro 2016 and you would not know there

:22:08.:22:11.

had been any trouble if you had been in Paris. Hardly any incidents here.

:22:12.:22:16.

It has mostly been bug is down in the south, like in Marseille and

:22:17.:22:24.

Nice. Obligated situation involving locals from Marseille, Russian fans

:22:25.:22:29.

and England fans. What is the prospect of the teams

:22:30.:22:34.

being forced out? Are these bands a small minority? Will they listen to

:22:35.:22:40.

people like Wayne Rooney? It will be likely for England to be

:22:41.:22:44.

kicked out but there is potential trouble because Russia's next game

:22:45.:22:51.

takes place in Lille. England's next game is the day after nearby, so

:22:52.:22:55.

both sets of fans will be in similar places. Many England fans will be

:22:56.:23:00.

staying in Lille before that game. I'm sure the authorities will be

:23:01.:23:03.

looking at that as potential trouble.

:23:04.:23:03.

Interesting couple of days ahead. Microsoft has announced it will buy

:23:04.:23:06.

the professional networking website LinkedIn for $26 billion,

:23:07.:23:08.

the largest acquisition Microsoft hopes the deal will help

:23:09.:23:10.

it boost sales of its enterprise LinkedIn has 433 million

:23:11.:23:15.

users worldwide. Our technology correspondent

:23:16.:23:20.

Rory Cellan-Jones spoke to the two He started off by asking how

:23:21.:23:22.

Microsoft could justify paying When Satya and I first sat down

:23:23.:23:28.

to talk about the potential combination, Satya was very clear

:23:29.:23:37.

that we needed to make We figured that the purpose,

:23:38.:23:40.

the mission statements have different words but,

:23:41.:23:44.

at the end of the day, we are trying to accomplish

:23:45.:23:46.

the same thing. We want to connect the world,

:23:47.:23:48.

and professionals, and make people more successful and empower every

:23:49.:23:51.

individual organisation It is just that we come after it

:23:52.:23:53.

from different perspectives. With LinkedIn, it's a professional

:23:54.:23:58.

network, and with Microsoft it So a very strong

:23:59.:24:00.

alignment on that front. And Satya has a clear vision

:24:01.:24:04.

here for the structure. It is an independent operating

:24:05.:24:08.

entity, much in the same way you saw Instagram, WhatsApp

:24:09.:24:11.

and YouTube remain independent All three of those companies have

:24:12.:24:13.

gone on to have extraordinary impact on a global basis

:24:14.:24:18.

after the acquisition. We think the same

:24:19.:24:21.

thing can happen here. Users like me, you may visit once

:24:22.:24:24.

a month but are hardly ever I hope that we can get

:24:25.:24:32.

you back on LinkedIn more. The way we think about it is

:24:33.:24:41.

the everyday usage of LinkedIn... There are 100 million monthly active

:24:42.:24:44.

users in LinkedIn. The news feed is more relevant,

:24:45.:24:46.

getting more everyday. Just imagine the news feed can be

:24:47.:24:49.

fed with additional information. The meetings you're going to have

:24:50.:24:53.

and the projects That is what is going to draw

:24:54.:24:59.

people to LinkedIn. The other side of LinkedIn

:25:00.:25:03.

modernisation is that there are members on one side

:25:04.:25:05.

but also hiring solutions To me, having all of that,

:25:06.:25:07.

the two-sided market is plenty If you want driving usage

:25:08.:25:12.

and engagement, LinkedIn offers those dynamics and that

:25:13.:25:21.

is paramount to us. President Obama has said there's no

:25:22.:25:26.

evidence that the Orlando nightclub The Director of the FBI,

:25:27.:25:30.

James Comey, said there were strong indications that the gunman,

:25:31.:25:37.

Omar Mateen, was radicalised partly The FBI has confirmed that he had

:25:38.:25:39.

been investigated for possible terrorism links but agents had

:25:40.:25:44.

concluded he wasn't a threat. Mateen rang the national emergency

:25:45.:25:47.

phone line moments before the shooting to claim allegiance

:25:48.:25:50.

to the Islamic State group. Well, people from across the US

:25:51.:25:53.

and around the world have been Hello. The weather is in no hurry to

:25:54.:26:12.

change. Heavy downpours in places

:26:13.:26:13.

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