21/06/2016 World News Today


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Hello, this is BBC World News today, with me Karin Giannone.


On the programme today - the husband of the British MP Jo Cox


speaks about her killing for the first time:


It is seen as a symbol for something much bigger. A sense of creating


more compassion and more love in the world. The thing I do not want to


lose if she was also their mum. Brendan Cox pays his


tribute to his wife - and talks about the grief


which her death has caused Just 36 hours to go before


the UK's EU Referendum - we'll look at how the rival camps


are trying to win over voters - and reveal what Britain's EU


neighbours think of the debate. The International Olympic Committee


confirms that Russian track and field athletes WILL be banned


from the Rio Games - after allegations of


state-sponsored doping. We'll reveal just what it takes


to persuade the Pope to open The husband of the British Labour MP


Jo Cox, who died last week after being shot and stabbed


in her constituency, has spoken publicly for the first


time about her terrible loss. He told the BBC he believes


she died because of her He talks movingly to the BBC's


Political Editor Laura Kuenssberg about his wife, the grief


of their children and the outpouring of love from the public


at her sudden death. The public reaction has been off


the scale and the two things I have been very focused on is how do


we support and protect the children and how do we make sure something


good comes out of this? And, what the public


support and outpouring of love around this does,


it is it also helps the children see that what they are feeling,


other people are feeling. The grief they feel isn't abnormal,


that they feel it more acutely, more painfully and more personally,


but actually, their mother was someone who was loved


by lots of people and therefore it's OK to be upset and it's OK for them


to cry and be sad about it. And the reason I wanted to speak


today was just to thank the public, who have been incredible


in response to this. What will you sell your children


about her as they grow up? One of the things from the public reaction


is she is being seen as a symbol for something bigger, a sense of


creating more compassion and smart blob in the world. The thing I do


not want to lose if she was also their mum. -- more love in the


world. As well as the political memory and the symbolism I do not


want them to forget that. Was she worried about the current political


culture? Definitely, and from left and right. She was worried that the


language was becoming more course and people were being driven to take


more extreme positions. I think she worried we were entering an age that


we have not seen maybe since the 1930s of people feeling insecure for


lots of reasons, economic or security, and then populist


politicians, whether Donald Trump in the USA or whoever else, exploiting


bat and diving communities to hate each other. This has happened is


when Britain is engaged in a big conversation about our place in the


world and Europe. We know she was clearly bursting in the EU but what


did she make of how the conversation was being conducted. -- she was


clearly for staying in. She was a passionate pro-European and worried


about the tone of the debate is, not that it is not a legitimate debate


and there is legitimate views on both sides but more about the tone


of whipping up fears and is whipping up hatreds. Do you want it now about


people using her in political debates? Boost -- do you worry now.


She was a politician with strong political views and I believe she


was killed because of those views. She died because of them and she


would want to stand up for those, in death as much as she did in life.


And what will you remember? I will remember with someone --


someone was incredible energy, joy, about living life and no regrets


about how she lived her life. She met the world would love -- with


love. Both for her children and family but also people she did know.


She was not perfect but she just wanted to make the world a better


place and contributes and we love her very much.


It's been one of the most divisive and hard-fought campaigns


Britain has ever seen - but it's almost time


There are just 36 hours to go before the UK votes on its referendum


to decide if it will stay in, or leave, the European Union.


In just under an hour's time one of the biggest debates


of the campaign takes place at London's Wembley Arena.


Leading figures from the Remain and Leave campaigns are among


John Pienaar reports on the day's developements.


Where this thing comes out you know it's serious. The campaign has been


called the bad that seek leave and heads for remain. David Cameron


today played on both, saying don't risk the economy.


It will just be you in the polling booths. Taking a decision that will


affect your future, your children's future, your grandchildren's future.


It is stronger if we stay, if we believe we put it at the risk and


that is no going back. Remain campaigners say Black Friday


could see the pound and shares tumble if we vote out. Its format


camera adviser says he is struggling and was one years ago -- the warned


years ago immigration would never be under control.


It is amazing to see Cameron wheeled out by panicky spin doctors which is


ever imagine they have lost economic and immigration arguments. As we


were warned in Government many years ago it was impossible to meet


targets on immigration as long as we were in the EU.


Leaders believe they are the ones who draw the crowds. Attacks from


Nigel Farage on migration strictly sour note with opponents, but he


does not care. This is what people will vote on in


the referendum. Getting back control of our borders and using pressure on


public services. Frankly, I do not care where the doctor loss has came


from. I value the skills, dedication and professionalism. Our NHS is an


example of what people working together can achieve.


Tonight the drivers have arrived at Wembley covering up for the last big


debate of the campaign. Boris Johnson, and Sadiq Khan. We have


heard the arguments, free of the economy and worry about mass


migration. It is not about who can reach the most hearts and minds.


Tonight and ended the final hours of campaigning. -- in the final hours.


Well my colleague Ros Atkins is at Wembley arena and has been


speaking to one of the UK's leading experts on polling.


This is looking as though it will be extremely tight, which could go to


the wire. If the polls are right at all, it looks as though it will be


something very close to 50-50. The most recent poll with the remain,


50, leave freshly. We had a couple of other polls slightly different


but the corrective message is it is a very tight race. -- most of the


polls say it is a very tight race. The secret of the exit poll is by


going to the same polling stations as we went to five years previously.


That enables us to compare results polling station by polling station


between elections and enables us to overcome a difficulty which is we


don't count, vote at individual polling stations, we bring them to a


single place. It is difficult to know that each polling station is


representative. By doing it this way we get around that problem but you


cannot do it for the referendum because there is no previous boat.


I feel what the media there is the risk of an echo chamber with poles.


The narrative last week was it was good for leave and this week it is


things are getting better for remain, we saw the pound surging. If


some of the narrative be media is telling accurate?


The first thing to say is the remarkable stability of opinion


polls. For most of the referendum the Poles have literally and


consistently said 54 remain, 54 leave. Polls over the telephone


slightly different but pimping inconsistent picture. That has been


less stable over the past few weeks -- painting and -- painting a


picture. That doesn't seem to have reversed a bit but we're certainly


not in a position where the beam inside look as strong as they did


two weeks ago. The poll that just came out, by telephone, until very


recently every telephone pole with remain ahead and now even the


telephone polls are saying it was very close, albeit with remain may


be slightly ahead. Internet polls saying believe may be slightly


ahead. It this tighter and it was an appropriate remain has made since


bad polls last week is not quite of the character for us to be sure they


will one. -- will win. So - the UK gets to vote,


but the whole of the European Union will have to deal with


the consequences, The campaign here has been fought


on two main issues, Here's the view from our


correspondents in three of the most Germany does not want Britain to


leave the EU. There is genuine alarm among politicians and Berlin that


the Brexit is a possibility. Do not expect to get much from them because


there is also a concern that recent German interventions have been


interpreted by British voters as interference. The majority of


Germans are frustrated and perplexed by the referendum debate. A recent


poll found around 80% of Germans think regs it is a bad idea. There


are obvious reasons. -- think Brexit is bad. Germany considers Britain to


a be ported political and economic ally. There are strong ties between


the two countries, such as a car industry. If Britain leaves that is


a concern other member states may seek concessions or even head for


the door. People in Poland are watching the


referendum closely. It affects so many Polish families. They are about


850,000 polls in the UK, making them the largest non-British nationality.


The worst thing for them is the uncertainty. Especially those who


have not lived in Britain long enough to claim permanent residency.


The fact is no one knows what working conditions would be like for


polls after a Brexit vote. It Poles desire to lead Britain may reduce


the amount of cash they send to families. That is the $1 billion a


year. -- desire to leave Britain. If they come home that could be good


news for Pollard as pollen has a rapidly ageing society and a


shortage of skilled workers. -- good news for Portland. Here in Athens,


where less than a year ago they were in a similar position with the EU.


Most people here will tell you that if they have the chance they would


vote for a Brexit. Given the state of the economy and markets there is


a real fear here that if Britain then leave the EU it could have a


massive financial impact on ordinary people. There is also a fear that if


one country is seen to leave it could have a domino effect on


countries like Greece and the entire European project could tear apart


and back, they tell me, is the problem. Even the most Eurosceptic


people and police feel they have sacrificed so much already to stay


in Europe they do not want to find themselves accidentally falling out.


-- people here at field. -- people here feel.


This is the scene live at Wembley now, where the BBC's Great Debate


High profile politicians, business leaders and cultural


experts will be speaking in front of a live audience of thousands -


and it will all be broadcast live on BBC News, both here in the UK


and around the world, starting from 1900 GMT.


The International Olympic Committee, has confirmed that Russian track


and field athletes will be banned from this year's Rio Games.


Last week, the governing body of world athletics, the IAAF,


decided not to lift a suspension imposed on Russia,


following allegations of state-sponsored doping -


The president of the Olympic Committee, Thomas Bach,


said serious doubts have been raised on the presumption of innocence


for athletes from Russia - and


Each athlete coming from these two countries will have to declare the


Mac declared ineligible, following an individual procedure and


individual evaluation of the situation.


Russia was of course quick to respond.


Here's the general secretary of the Russian Athletics


Please, find a compromise for clean athletics. We can organise anything


against doping in athletics, for any criteria to organise such a


procedure. In any case we should be sure that clean athletes can compete


at the Olympics and other official competitions as well.


Live now to Lausanne in Switzerland and our sport


Is this the end of the presumption of innocence? Has everything been


turned on its head? What we heard from Thomas Bach was it gets off


message. The Olympic Games are only a few weeks away and his message


was, as far as Russia and Kenny are concerned, they could be taking no


chances. -- Russia and Kenya. The weird individuals wanting to go to


Russia and Kenya in any sport must be evaluated by the International


Federation before they are given permission. -- any individuals


wanting to go. What we will have in the next few weeks are a battle


between Russia, who are still very much hoping their track and field


stars will be able to go to Rio, and the IAAF and it will be played out


that the Court of Arbitration for Sport, the highest legal body for


sporting disputes. We heard from the Russians and they will lodge appeals


from the Olympic Committee and individuals. But the IAAF are


seemingly in line saying, as it stands, you cannot go and compete


and only a small number of Russians, outside the Russian testing regime,


then go and must compete under a Russian flag. The Russians will not


take this lying down and they still see each and indicating that in the


courts. Russian state TB was sounding very


upbeat and reporting outcome. Potentially it could have been


worse. -- Russian state TV. That plays into the Russian narrative,


this argument of collective responsibility. They feel they are


being collectively punished against individual justice. Is it the right


clean athletes, people not tested positive, are denied an opportunity


to go to the Olympic Games because of the actions of others? That is


the argument Russia is putting forward. Today, what they got was


effectively the hope, a slim hope they can pursue this through the


courts. Thomas Bach saying he is waiting for these appeals to go


through and it will be in their hands and the International


federations to decide on that basis. But we understand IAAF are sticking


to their guns and Russia have not fill the criteria requested of them


to come back into international competition and it will be the Court


of arbitration in sport that will have a big final say in this.


The International Criminal Court has sentenced the former Congolese


vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba to eighteen years in


prison for crimes against humanity and war crimes.


The atrocities were carried out in the neighbouring Central African


republic by his private army nearly fifteen years ago.


Jean-Pierre Bemba, now the RC vice president now an international court


convict. He was sent into 18 years in prison for failing to stop put


under his command killing, routing and reaping in the Central African


Republic in 2002 and 2003. The chamber convicted under article 28


AA as a person effectively acting as a military commander who knew that


forces under his effective authority and control were commenting about to


commit the crimes against humanity of murder and rape and the war


crimes of murder, rape and pillaging. Before pronouncing the


sentence the judge detailed a lasting trauma inflicted on rape


victims, many of which were young girls. This trial mark the first


time the court focuses on rape as a weapon of war and the first time a


defendant is held directly responsible for war crimes committed


by his subordinates. Jean-Pierre Bemba, who created his


rebel group, the movement for the liberation of Congo, with the


support of Uganda in 1998, sent 1000 offers trips to the central African


Republic between October 2002 and March 2003 to support the country's


reader. -- said over 1000 troops. During this time his forces are


accused of leading a widespread attack against civilians. Some of


his supporters argue he was not in the Central African Republic when


the crimes were committed and the troops were answering to the orders


of the flight-mac authorities. His lawyers will appeal the court 's


decision, he said. -- answering to the orders of the flight-mac


authorities. They were hoping he would be freed in time for the


presidential election schedule in November. It is now clear that will


not happen. On top of the sentence today, Thomas -- Jean-Pierre Bemba


will have to answer further charges. Breaking news, reports from Libya


saying 20 people have been killed in an explosion at and -- ammunitions


install. The explosion happened with local people entered the abandoned


base. It is not clear what triggered the blast. French police have


arrested several Polish football fans after trouble in Marseille


after the Euro 2016 football match. Using tear gas and batons they broke


up fight in the port area. On the pitch, Poland won their game against


Ukraine one - nil. Germany topped the group with the one - zero win


over Northern Ireland, who finished third.


Today, June the 21st is the longest day of the year


The date has long been part of celebrations, with Stonehenge,


which has stood in the West of England for thousands of years,


the traditional gathering place here in the UK.


Many of the people who went took part in Druid ceremonies,


harking back to the days before the Romans invaded Britain.


The UK is not of course the only place where the longest -


or if you're in the Southern Hemisphere, shortest -


day was marked - we particularly liked this image from Macedonia,


at the Kokino Megalithic Observatory.


However, while June the 21st is best known as the Solstice,


it's also been given a more modern event to mark.


It's National Selfie Day, in America, at least.


Taking a photo of yourself at roughly arm's length is now


so popular, the selfie-sharing site Instagram has just celebrated having


So just why are we so keen to keep taking and uploading


Our North America Technology Correspondent Dave Lee has been


asking Instagram's co-founder and chief executive,


People like to thank self is are new but if you look at history of Art,


what is one of the largest formats? The portrait. -- like to think. Just


now everyone can be an artist and capture lives. Do you think


Instagram has taken the mantle of being the celebrity social network


of choice? I would say it was Twitter previously but now


celebrities seem to congregate on Instagram.


Sure, there are a lot of celebrities on Instagram because celebrities


know they can, to Instagram and have an audience. I mean, the Pope


recently joined Instagram. We flew over to Vatican and sat with him.


You pitched the Pope? You have too. I pitched that Instagram is the new


way of communicating. If you want to get in touch I am on


Twitter and we are also on Facebook. Stay with us for the great debate


taking place in just over half an hour. Thanks for watching.


Thunderstorms are going to develop across northern France through the


latter part of Wednesday. Same for Thursday and Friday. With the winds


backing this will drag


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