14/07/2016 World News Today


14/07/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me Tom Donkin.

:00:07.:00:10.

Another day of high drama in Downing Street, as Theresa May

:00:11.:00:12.

decides who's in and who's out of her cabinet.

:00:13.:00:18.

Several big hitters are out - including one of her rivals

:00:19.:00:24.

But it's the decision to put Boris Johnson in charge of foreign

:00:25.:00:29.

policy in the wake of the Brexit referendum, which is still sending

:00:30.:00:32.

Reports from the US say Donald Trump has chosen his running mate.

:00:33.:00:37.

We'll be live in Washington, as rumours build about

:00:38.:00:41.

And - we get a glimpse of David Bowie's private art

:00:42.:00:49.

collection, as it comes up for auction in London.

:00:50.:01:07.

Another busy day for Britain's new Prime Minister, Theresa May,

:01:08.:01:10.

as she puts her new Government together.

:01:11.:01:13.

She's received a telephone from President Obama,

:01:14.:01:15.

who told her he looked forward to deepening the special

:01:16.:01:18.

relationship between the US and the UK for the rest of his term.

:01:19.:01:31.

Two other leading Brexiteers enjoyed contrasting fates.

:01:32.:01:33.

Michael Gove who ran against Mrs May for the leadership is sacked

:01:34.:01:36.

as Justice Secretary, but Andrea Leadsom, who also

:01:37.:01:38.

ran for the top job, is promoted to

:01:39.:01:40.

Reaction's been coming in from around the world

:01:41.:01:43.

to the appointment of Mr Johnson as Britain's top diplomat.

:01:44.:01:47.

Our political correspondent Vicki Young is at Westminster.

:01:48.:01:55.

The new Prime Minister Theresa May has completed form and her new

:01:56.:02:01.

cabinets. This surprises keep on coming. There are some jobs for

:02:02.:02:06.

those who challenged her for the leadership but some big names have

:02:07.:02:11.

been booted out. There are jobs for Brexiteer 's and those who voted for

:02:12.:02:17.

Remain in that EU referendum. Former Justice Secretary Michael Gove who

:02:18.:02:21.

ran for the leadership has gone and been replaced by former Environment

:02:22.:02:25.

Secretary Liz truss. Andrea Leadsom new Environment Secretary who also

:02:26.:02:31.

challenge Theresa May for leadership. Jeremy Hunt, Health

:02:32.:02:37.

Secretary, currently embroiled in a dispute with junior doctors, stays

:02:38.:02:41.

where he is. Our Political Editor reports.

:02:42.:02:49.

Flowers on 80 of congratulation that commiserations also. The busiest

:02:50.:02:52.

people in Westminster where the florists.

:02:53.:02:57.

But the Prime Minister was cracking on. Arriving for perhaps her biggest

:02:58.:03:05.

job, getting her team right. It is not like they even get a job

:03:06.:03:09.

interview. They turn up to find out what they have got. Articles each

:03:10.:03:18.

chat in number ten? In her case she walked out as Secretary of State for

:03:19.:03:24.

Justice. Just didn't beginning, -- Justin Keeling walked in with one

:03:25.:03:28.

cabinet post and what about with another, -- Justine Greening what

:03:29.:03:46.

end with one cabinet post and what about with another. Imagine being

:03:47.:03:54.

Damian Green. He senior MP opening but not knowing if he is heading for

:03:55.:04:02.

the Cabinet. 30 minutes later in charge of Department for Work and

:04:03.:04:12.

Pensions. It has been a very busy first day

:04:13.:04:17.

for me here at the Foreign Office. It began with a speech to about 700

:04:18.:04:25.

of our staff. I set out what I think we need to be doing and focusing on.

:04:26.:04:30.

That is reshaping Britain's global profile and identity as a great

:04:31.:04:36.

global player. Who else is in? Philip Hammond as the Chancellor,

:04:37.:04:40.

essentially the number two. Amber Rudd is the new secretary.

:04:41.:04:46.

Eurosceptic Andrea Leadsom moves into the Cabinet in charge of brutal

:04:47.:04:51.

fears. After confusion over his role Jeremy Hunt stays at health.

:04:52.:05:08.

Today's losers did not have too faced the Downing Street walk of

:05:09.:05:17.

shame. Theresa May told some people fear services were not required.

:05:18.:05:24.

George Osborne, Chancellor for six years, is out. Michael Gove his

:05:25.:05:28.

controversial friend was also shown the door. Nicky Morgan who backed

:05:29.:05:32.

him to be the leader met the same feat. Oliver Letwin, one of David

:05:33.:05:38.

Cameron's thinkers, is out as well. And Stephen Clark, who also ran for

:05:39.:05:41.

a leader. This is more than the usual comings

:05:42.:05:42.

and goings. -- Stephen Crabb who also run for

:05:43.:06:02.

leader. There are some of the same faces and

:06:03.:06:07.

some of the same controversies and problems also. But the Government

:06:08.:06:11.

looks different, very different and under Theresa May what some

:06:12.:06:14.

ministers do will be different. There will not be a budget within

:06:15.:06:18.

weeks as George Osborne had claimed they would. We do not see any need

:06:19.:06:22.

for an emergency budget at the moment. I expect to become to

:06:23.:06:26.

statement in the usual we having spent the summer studying the effect

:06:27.:06:31.

on the economy so far, looking at our plan for the future, consulting

:06:32.:06:36.

with the experts, starting with the Governor of the Bank of England this

:06:37.:06:39.

morning. Remember these changes are all within the same political party.

:06:40.:06:44.

The same side is still in charge. But the new Prime Minister wants a

:06:45.:06:50.

clean break, maybe clearing all the resentments and Rogers also. Do not

:06:51.:06:54.

forget, these jobs really do matter. Politics is personal to.

:06:55.:07:03.

The new Conservative Government has not been entirely welcomed renewed.

:07:04.:07:07.

The President of the European Parliament said its composition was

:07:08.:07:12.

an attempt to keep the Tory party together rather than focus on the

:07:13.:07:16.

future of the country. There was criticism of the new Foreign

:07:17.:07:19.

Secretary Boris Johnson who is accused by his French counterpart of

:07:20.:07:25.

lying are a lot during the referendum campaign.

:07:26.:07:25.

A deputy editor has more. It was not just as he was surprised.

:07:26.:07:45.

Boris Johnson has been put in charge of quiet British diplomacy after a

:07:46.:07:50.

career strewn with colourful outbursts. Reaction has been mixed

:07:51.:07:57.

around the world. On Twitter the former Swedish leader thought it was

:07:58.:08:01.

a joke. The former Belgian Prime Minister thought so also. Australia

:08:02.:08:07.

sent good wishes but others in France and Germany were less

:08:08.:08:12.

friendly. The President of the European Parliament has described

:08:13.:08:16.

the Cabinet reshuffle which meet Boris Johnson Foreign Secretary as

:08:17.:08:19.

part of the dangerously vicious cycle since the votes to quit the

:08:20.:08:26.

EU. Criticism from the French Foreign Minister, he said in an

:08:27.:08:29.

interview the new Foreign Secretary had told a lot of lies about EU.

:08:30.:08:36.

After a vote like the referendum result on June 23 at this inevitable

:08:37.:08:43.

there will be plaster coming off the ceiling in the chancelleries of

:08:44.:08:45.

Europe. It was not the result they were expecting and clearly they are

:08:46.:08:50.

making their views known in a frank and 3-way. The gentleman that you

:08:51.:08:57.

mentioned, the French Foreign Minister said the eight charming

:08:58.:09:02.

letter just couple of hours ago. -- need there are views known in a

:09:03.:09:10.

frank and free way. They have just made him Foreign Secretary. In

:09:11.:09:15.

America they ignore about Boris Johnson's Way with words. He can

:09:16.:09:22.

appeared at Hillary Clinton to a sadistic nurse.

:09:23.:09:28.

He wrote about ancestral dislike of the British Empire.

:09:29.:09:36.

In Washington State Department spokesman's face spoke volumes. It

:09:37.:09:43.

has been announced as Boris Johnson. That is better. We are always good

:09:44.:09:49.

to be able to work with the British and matter who is occupying the rule

:09:50.:09:54.

of Foreign Secretary. Boris Johnson addressed his new staff to deal

:09:55.:09:57.

looking the part. That is what the policy is about sometimes.

:09:58.:10:00.

Colleagues say he has the talent and blamed for the job but he will have

:10:01.:10:04.

to get used to being a little less interesting.

:10:05.:10:06.

Well, it's fair to say there's been less than positive reaction in some

:10:07.:10:09.

parts of Europe to that decision to make Boris Johnson

:10:10.:10:12.

To talk about it let's go to Brussels and our

:10:13.:10:15.

A lot of dismay and anger about his appointment in Brussels. Do you

:10:16.:10:27.

think when he gets down to business those feelings might subside?

:10:28.:10:31.

With all these things there is going to be an element of reality. Once he

:10:32.:10:39.

comes here on Monday he is sitting in a room with the other 27 EU

:10:40.:10:44.

Foreign Minister 's and the US Secretary of State, John Kerry,

:10:45.:10:49.

there will have to beat some kind of cordial and constructive

:10:50.:10:51.

relationship. But throughout the course of today across the continent

:10:52.:10:56.

and in Brussels there has been a lot of supplies and scepticism. Boris

:10:57.:11:00.

Johnson will have his work cut out to try to construct that

:11:01.:11:05.

relationship. That is key. It is a sentiment echoed by the outgoing UK

:11:06.:11:12.

EU Commissioner, Lord Hill, he said the British Government cannot cut

:11:13.:11:18.

off its nose to spite its face in these negotiations.

:11:19.:11:21.

Ministers might not have long to wait to see Boris Johnson. We need

:11:22.:11:27.

to see if his belief will clash with the Brexit minister that Theresa May

:11:28.:11:34.

has installed, David Davis. Negotiators over there will want to

:11:35.:11:37.

know who they are dealing with in terms of British except stop.

:11:38.:11:46.

His deadly job title suggests David Davis will be the main player in

:11:47.:11:52.

negotiations but clearly there are other big issues on the table.

:11:53.:11:59.

Syria, Libya. It is hard to think Boris Johnson will come to Brussels

:12:00.:12:04.

and not discuss the Brexit 's negotiation is a winner that will

:12:05.:12:08.

take place in eight more informal sense, of course that European Union

:12:09.:12:15.

is insisting that no formal negotiations will happen until the

:12:16.:12:19.

British Government invoked article 50. Then there will be a two-year

:12:20.:12:25.

timescale and in our time since that is in favour of the rest of the

:12:26.:12:28.

European Union because it puts the pressure on the Europe -- pressure

:12:29.:12:33.

on the British Government to get a good deal by the end of those two

:12:34.:12:41.

years and that will be in testing. Looking at the reverberations of

:12:42.:12:45.

Boris Johnson entering their world stage of politics.

:12:46.:12:48.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:12:49.:12:51.

A station master in southern Italy has admitted he allowed a train

:12:52.:12:53.

to go on a single track minutes before it collided head

:12:54.:12:56.

He and another station master have both been suspended as part

:12:57.:13:00.

of an investigation into multiple manslaughter.

:13:01.:13:01.

23 people died in the crash earlier this week.

:13:02.:13:03.

The rail line relies on an old phone alert system dating

:13:04.:13:06.

The European Union has expanded its investigation

:13:07.:13:10.

into whether Google is breaking EU competition rules.

:13:11.:13:12.

It now includes the company's advertising business.

:13:13.:13:16.

It alleges that adverts provided by Google are given unfair

:13:17.:13:18.

prominence by the internet giant to the detriment of its competitors.

:13:19.:13:21.

Google says it will respond to the complaint in the coming weeks.

:13:22.:13:30.

The United Nations says dozens of summary executions in Eastern

:13:31.:13:33.

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights says some

:13:34.:13:36.

of the cases could amount to war crimes.

:13:37.:13:39.

It's looked into the disappearances and deaths of at least 47

:13:40.:13:42.

people in areas held by Russian-backed separatists.

:13:43.:13:47.

The report also lists 29 cases in government-controlled territory.

:13:48.:13:51.

Overall the UN says, there's a culture of pervasive

:13:52.:13:53.

Joining me from Kiev is Fiona Frazer.

:13:54.:13:57.

She's in charge of the team that wrote the report.

:13:58.:14:06.

It is very hard to gather information in an ongoing war zone

:14:07.:14:12.

like this but in a protracted conflict like you clean the wheels

:14:13.:14:18.

of international justice will need to move swiftly.

:14:19.:14:25.

We have been documenting with the European human rights office since

:14:26.:14:31.

March 2014, documenting cases where we have seen the arbitrary loss of

:14:32.:14:37.

life through abductions, cases of torture, and so forth. This report

:14:38.:14:46.

looks at killings and the deaths of individuals as a result of

:14:47.:14:49.

hostilities but it also looks at cases that stem from 2013 and 2014

:14:50.:15:02.

as well as the violence in deaths on the 2nd of May. It is looking at the

:15:03.:15:08.

past two years, the increase in the number of deaths arbitrarily and

:15:09.:15:14.

through other acts and we feel there needs to be more accountability, for

:15:15.:15:18.

people to be held responsible, for perpetrators to be held to account,

:15:19.:15:22.

and for victims to feel they are able to obtain justice.

:15:23.:15:27.

The line is dodgy but they will persist and see if it gets better.

:15:28.:15:32.

Give as a sense of who you team gathers information. Difficult to

:15:33.:15:35.

get there on the ground and see what is actually happening.

:15:36.:15:43.

In Eastern Ukraine in a conflict area the UN office works on both

:15:44.:15:47.

sides of the contact line. We are present there working daily, working

:15:48.:15:54.

with individuals, speaking to them. I will be view there. The line has

:15:55.:15:58.

deteriorated too much to understand what you are saying but thank you

:15:59.:16:05.

for joining us. And that is the person that wrote

:16:06.:16:08.

the report onto serious allegations of what is happening there.

:16:09.:16:15.

The Hang deviant Government has rejected accusations of using

:16:16.:16:22.

excessive force to expel migrants. -- the Government of Hungary has

:16:23.:16:28.

rejected accusations. The toughening up of what were

:16:29.:16:33.

already strict controls has led to a rise in the numbers stack in camps

:16:34.:16:41.

on the Serbian side. He entrusts the leader of the

:16:42.:16:48.

migrantss with a list of which provokes a polite scrum.

:16:49.:16:56.

The document gives the names of 15 migrants who will be allowed to

:16:57.:17:01.

cross into Hungary that day. This is one of the most nervous times of day

:17:02.:17:06.

at the camp. Families want to get a close look at the lists provided by

:17:07.:17:11.

Hungary. They want to see if they have moved up the line and are

:17:12.:17:17.

closer to getting out of here. The 15 on the list do not have much

:17:18.:17:24.

time to pack or say goodbye. This person who is from Afghanistan

:17:25.:17:27.

is taking her four-year-old son with her.

:17:28.:17:36.

We are so happy. After one month staying here and now we are going.

:17:37.:17:45.

You are happy as well. Yes. This turnstile as their front door into

:17:46.:17:51.

Hungary. They are called in one by one, they step into the European

:17:52.:17:56.

Union. Trying to breakthrough is much more

:17:57.:18:00.

dangerous. Aid workers say that Hungary has been brutal in its

:18:01.:18:03.

treatment of migrants who cut through the border fence.

:18:04.:18:09.

Testimonies from refugees in the last couple of weeks, and medical

:18:10.:18:16.

evidence, to show that there has been in some weak use of excessive

:18:17.:18:20.

force on the refugees. I Hungary? Yes. This person from

:18:21.:18:26.

Afghanistan does not want to show his face. He got through the fence

:18:27.:18:30.

twice and says he was pushed back with boards each time. They took me

:18:31.:18:39.

to the border. At the border? Yes and they opened the door and pushed

:18:40.:18:48.

me inside. They said to me, go to Serbia. Hungary insists that it

:18:49.:18:54.

simply escorts migrants back across the border. More people end up

:18:55.:18:59.

meeting at this camp hoping to get a place on the daily list. The door to

:19:00.:19:05.

Central Europe only opens a bit at a time.

:19:06.:19:09.

US media are reporting that the presumptive Republican

:19:10.:19:11.

presidential candidate, Donald Trump, has decided on his

:19:12.:19:13.

The New York Times says his advisers are signalling that it will be

:19:14.:19:22.

the governor of Indiana, Mike Pence.

:19:23.:19:27.

The BBC has no independent confirmation.

:19:28.:19:30.

The decision is due to be announced in New York on Friday just before

:19:31.:19:33.

next week's Republican Party convention.

:19:34.:19:40.

This is American media saying this. How certain are they?

:19:41.:19:47.

They seem to be increasingly certain. Several wire services are

:19:48.:19:56.

saying that Donald Trump has told Republican leaders, Republican

:19:57.:20:01.

insiders, at Mike Pence is the choice. We will not know for certain

:20:02.:20:09.

until Donald Trump stands next to the man tomorrow at the unveiling

:20:10.:20:15.

and Manhattan but I think we can be fairly confident that is the

:20:16.:20:19.

direction it is heading. Who is Mike Pence and how will he

:20:20.:20:24.

help Donald Trump get to the White House?

:20:25.:20:29.

He is the governor of Indiana, a Midwestern state, a key electoral

:20:30.:20:32.

battle ground. Prior to that he was a senior member of the House of

:20:33.:20:37.

representatives in the US Congress. He was also one of the Conservative

:20:38.:20:42.

leaders in the US Congress. He was one of the true believers in what is

:20:43.:20:47.

considered a movement of conservatives, rigid conservative

:20:48.:20:52.

orthodoxy. For Donald Trump it shows up his conservative base. He hopes

:20:53.:21:00.

it can make conservative voters and tea party voters who may have doubts

:21:01.:21:05.

about Donald Trump more comfortably with him. It is a move to shore up

:21:06.:21:12.

the base, not try to broaden his appeal to women or minorities. But

:21:13.:21:16.

it is a solid choice, he has got experience. Donald Trump does not

:21:17.:21:20.

have elected office experience of this is a way of having somebody on

:21:21.:21:24.

his team who knows the ropes in Washington.

:21:25.:21:28.

These annexes are usually made before the convention. Who is

:21:29.:21:31.

Hillary Clinton likely to announce going into her Democratic

:21:32.:21:35.

convention? She is about to take the stage with

:21:36.:21:39.

a senator from Virginia. Prior to that he was governor of Virginia. He

:21:40.:21:44.

is probably odds-on favourite. He is a safe choice from a key swing

:21:45.:21:52.

state. There are other options. The secretary of health and human

:21:53.:21:55.

services is considered a choice that might expand her appeal.

:21:56.:22:00.

And the Senator from Massachusetts, a liberal firebrand, that would be

:22:01.:22:10.

like the choice of Mike Pence, to solidify the base, generate

:22:11.:22:16.

enthusiasm within the party. Thank you. Interesting stuff. Almost

:22:17.:22:20.

as interesting as what is happening in British politics right now.

:22:21.:22:26.

David Bowie's private art collection is going on display in London.

:22:27.:22:28.

Nearly 300 works which hung in the musician's

:22:29.:22:30.

multiple homes are going on display in London before being sold

:22:31.:22:33.

The collection includes works by Damien Hirst and Henry Moore.

:22:34.:22:36.

It's valued at more than $18 million.

:22:37.:22:38.

It is a collection which reveals the tastes and personal passions

:22:39.:22:48.

David Bowie loved this spin painting by Damien Hirst.

:22:49.:22:57.

He really valued Damien Hirst's glamorous freakiness.

:22:58.:23:03.

David Bowie was a fan of Frank Auerbach, and other modern

:23:04.:23:06.

and contemporary British artists such as Peter Lanyon,

:23:07.:23:09.

but as well as large works like this graffiti-style painting

:23:10.:23:13.

by Jean-Michel Basquiat, he purchased more-modest pictures

:23:14.:23:17.

like this by Harold Gilman, and they hung on the walls of his homes.

:23:18.:23:23.

It is mostly emotional and art that somehow depicts the world,

:23:24.:23:27.

and it does so from a bohemian, romantic point of view.

:23:28.:23:35.

While the world knows all about his music, much less

:23:36.:23:38.

is known about David Bowie's life as an art collector.

:23:39.:23:42.

It was something he kept almost entirely hidden from public view,

:23:43.:23:44.

The only thing I buy addictively and obsessively is art.

:23:45.:24:04.

With his sketchbooks spread out in front of him,

:24:05.:24:08.

the artist John Virtue then uses them to create his large

:24:09.:24:11.

I got a phone call, "Hi, it's David, I am in St Ives,

:24:12.:24:17.

Two hours later, he and a man arrived in the car park,

:24:18.:24:28.

and the whole of that day we were in the studio.

:24:29.:24:32.

I kept it on 22nd February 1994, the night I met David Bowie.

:24:33.:24:44.

The novelist William Boyd was introduced to the musician

:24:45.:24:46.

at an editorial meeting for an art magazine.

:24:47.:24:48.

Up close his face looked quite lived in, baggy-eyed,

:24:49.:24:53.

How important was art to David Bowie?

:24:54.:25:06.

He was very serious about it, he was an artist, he painted

:25:07.:25:08.

He wanted to learn more and discuss subjects with you.

:25:09.:25:17.

It was not a hobby or a whim, it was a serious

:25:18.:25:20.

These pictures are just a few of the hundreds of works

:25:21.:25:27.

that David Bowie bought during his lifetime.

:25:28.:25:29.

"Art," he once said, "can change the way I feel in the morning."

:25:30.:25:35.

And now his intensely-private collection is going on public

:25:36.:25:38.

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