16/07/2016 World News Today


16/07/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC News, broadcasting in the UK and around the world.

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The Turkish government moves against those it suspects of having

:00:12.:00:15.

Around 3,000 soldiers are under arrest and over 2,500 judges

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crowd had taken to the streets in support of their president after the

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violence, which left 265 dead. Five people are arrested

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in connection with The French President has called

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for "national unity". The Interior Ministry calls of

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thousands of police reserve list to help bolster interior security.

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The Prime Minister of Turkey has described an attempted

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coup as a "black stain" on Turkish democracy.

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addressing large crowds of supporters.

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He claimed the country is now under control and that nearly

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many of them civilians, were killed during the violence

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In London, the Foreign Office is advising British people in Turkey

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It's estimated there are currently 50,000 Britons on holiday there.

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Our correspondent Katy Watson reports from Istanbul.

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Less than 12 hours after the attempted coup began,

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walking from tanks with their hands above their heads.

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Last night, the parliament building in Ankara became the focal

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The country's President took the video messaging,

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urging people to come out onto the streets to oppose

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This was the Bosphorous Bridge in Istanbul.

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The rebel soldiers stood firm against protesters

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Some mounted the tanks, grabbing guns from soldiers's hands.

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This man went down to the bridge with his pregnant wife.

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He showed me the photos of the tanks and the crowds.

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Army members were brutal, they were sending bombs

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to people from tanks, passing by people, my friends

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who were on the bridge, on Bosphorous Bridge,

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This morning the bridge was reopened.

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The reminders of last night's action removed from sight.

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Life here may be starting to return to normal, and the government says

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they have things under control, but they are still asking people

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to remain on the streets the protest until all of this is over.

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The Prime Minister has condemned what happened.

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TRANSLATION: What happened on July 15th was a black stain

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The people who attacked the civilians with the bombs, tanks,

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planes and helicopters of the state are worse than the PKK terrorists.

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More than 2.5 million Brits visit Turkey every year.

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Those currently in the country have been told to stay indoors.

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The new Foreign Secretary said the UK remains very concerned

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They're working very hard, as you can imagine, to do the best

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for the many Brits that are there, and who are there on holiday.

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They should follow the travel advice and we will do our best to update

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Meanwhile, flights in and out of the country are still chaotic.

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Some have been cancelled, others diverted, until

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Well, as we've been reporting, for several hours last night

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hundreds of Turkish soldiers appeared to have taken control

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of key areas of the main cities of Ankara and Istanbul.

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There was little sign of Turkey's political leaders

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as the plotters took over buildings and media outlets.

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But crucially, they needed to secure the support of the public

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and especially the majority of the military

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Zira Meral from the Centre for Historical Analysis

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and Conflict Research examines for us now why the coup failed.

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Turkey's Armed Forces have Turkey's Armed Forces have

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interfered in politics. They have taken control of the country several

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times in the last 50 years, forcing governments to step down twice. This

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is why this coup did not work. No public support. Others started with

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media campaigns and organised protest. That did not happen here.

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Even the government's faces critics have come out against the

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attack. Two, number bashed macro not enough soldiers. They had not nearly

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enough and their actions were quickly condemned by other parts of

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the armed service. No bureaucratic support. Physically

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taking control of a building does not mean you are in control of the

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state. You need the support of the judiciary and the bureaucracy. The

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government has suspended people to prevent that.

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No international support. All governments have expressed their

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condemnation. And the biggest problem was the

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contradiction in their aims and methods. They claim they were

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supporting democracy. Given the thousands of people out on

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the street, waving the Turkish flag as celebration over -- for the

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ritual democracy. Not just supporters of President Erdogan,

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also people who support various opposition parties have been

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celebrating the defeat of this coup attempt. Those were pictures from

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Istanbul and this is Ankara now. This is the scene live there. As you

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can see, people out in force, and celebrating what has been seen by

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some commentators as a victory for people power. And a victory for

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democracy in Turkey. But clearly, huge questions ahead for political

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stability in Turkey and for the nature of President Erdogan's rule.

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It was a huge challenge to his authority, this coup attempt. But

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some commentators say you might have been strengthened by the fact that

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the coup attempt was put down. And as we are hearing, the country now

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under control of the authorities. Almost 3000 soldiers arrested and a

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death toll of around 265. Many of them civilians, killed during the

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violence in Istanbul and Ankara. The Turkish President has called

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on the United States to extradite a Muslim cleric he accuses

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of being behind the country's President Erdogan said US should

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hand over Fethullah Gulen, because the segments of the army

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which had carried out the attempted President Erdogan's government

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officially designated Gulen's religious movement a terrorist

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group in May. Fethullah Gulen, who lives

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in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania, has

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denied any involvement. Speaking from the United States,

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he said he condemned the attempted The two men were once allies,

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but President Erdogan has frequently accused the cleric of trying

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to seize power from Dr Henri Barkey is the Director

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of the Middle East programme at the Woodrow Wilson International

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Center for Scholars in Washington. He's currently in Istanbul

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and he joined me a short time ago. He told me that those behind the

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coup took a huge gamble. They thought that if they started

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a coup, that the rest And unfortunately

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for them, they did not know their history -

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there were two such coups in 1962 and 1963

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where junior officers tried thing and in both of these

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cases they lost. In Turkey, if you are going to have

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a successful coup, it is the top generals who have to take

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the initiative and control So junior officers do not

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have a successful track record. We are looking at the rebel soldiers

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surrendering. What motivated them, what was it

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about President Erdogan's government that made these soldiers

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want to try and overthrow him Look, the military, given

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the institutional prerogatives, given its history, has always been

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posed to Islamic tide leaders. -- has always been opposed to

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Islamic type leaders. To the extent that President Erdogan

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has won elections but still pursues what they think is a very

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religious agenda. That has always been

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problematic for them. The fact that he has consolidated

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power and trying to change the constitution, there are a lot

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of people that are upset about this but they don't try to mount

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a coup, they fight it The problem is that when you have

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officers and soldiers and they have access to guns,

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they think they can do things This is a humiliating

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defeat for them in a way. Because, as I said, things that have

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happened in the past in Turkey, you realise that they don't

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learn their lessons. Let's turn our attention to the

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aftermath in Nice. France's interior minister has called up 12,000 police

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reservists to boost security over the summer. Let's show you some of

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the pictures from one of the makeshift shrines that has grown up

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there. You can see people lighting candles in memory of the dead and

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injured. In memory of the 84 people killed. President Hollande has

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declared three days of mourning from Saturday to remember the people

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killed. Flags at half-mast. Let's get our report from Lucy Williamson

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with the latest. What makes a local man turn

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on his community and kill? This is where Mohamed Bouhlel

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planned his attack. This quiet block of flats

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on the outskirts of Nice. A blue patterned towel

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still hanging form the railing. Inside a neighbour showed us

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where he lived, alone, French officials say

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he was probably radicalised, but Jasmine told us that she had

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seen no sign of it. I saw him during Ramadan,

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with a young woman cuddling him. Jasmine's 14-year-old daughter

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rang her from the promenade on Thursday, weeping

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terrified into the phone, not knowing that she was running

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from the man who lived upstairs. The promenade has now reopened

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and the brutal reminders of what happened are fading under

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the buzz of normal life. But this attack left France

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with some uncomfortable questions, Committed jihadists,

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or just isolated, angry residents Police are questioning five people,

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and so-called Islamic state has claimed responsibility

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for the attack, but France's interior minister says this appears

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to be a new, much looser kind of affiliation, much harder

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for the authorities to predict. The far-right leader Marine Le Pen

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quickly took to social media, France is a great country,

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she said, and it has the means to defend itself,

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but because its leaders are puny they don't know how to do

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this, or even want to. France's leaders say the country's

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values are the target. Security, liberty, brotherhood -

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how to honour them all? So 84 people died in the attack and

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more than 50 others including five children are still in a critical

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condition in hospital. My colleague has been speaking to the family of

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one victim. A mother who was hit by the truck as she saved her children.

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A devoted mother, a victim of the Bastille Day attack.

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She leaves behind a family consumed with grief, including

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She was killed trying to save the little one,

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he says, she pulled him towards her but was hit

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She died in ten minutes on the way to hospital.

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The two boys, now motherless, are traumatised.

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Many families take their children to the shrines to pay their respects.

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It's a harrowing detail of the attack that the killer

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could see that he was hitting youngsters -

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Five children are still fighting for their lives in hospital.

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It is of course the psychological trauma of the terrible events

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of Bastille night that will be difficult heal.

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For those children who survived, the work begins now to stop

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We offer psychological reassurance, try a little to contain

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the emotions, because I think we cannot completely stop them.

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A mother just now asked me if I had some kind of magic pill.

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Claire and her family, from eastern France, flew into Nice

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They are on holiday, but the tragedy is a lesson in life

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They must understand that our world is changing.

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I hope that it will change for the best, but it is important

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for them to be here to know that their world is changing

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Bastille Day will always represent the moment the people

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of France won their freedom, but for some it will now also

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represent, because of the murderous actions of one man, fear

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It's a big moment in the US Presidential race.

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Donald Trump has been giving his first press conference

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with the man he's chosen to be his Vice-Presidential running

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mate - the Governor of Indiana, Mike Pence.

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The two men have differed in the past on issues such

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But Republican strategists are hoping the socially conservative

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Mr Pence will help to broaden Mr Trump's appeal.

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Speaking in New York, Donald Trump explained why he'd

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chosen Mike Pence, before the Indiana Governor himself took

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Governor Pence balanced the budget, produced a surplus, and maintains

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a $2 billion reserve fund in the State of Indiana.

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It's also rated AAA - their bonds are AAA.

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The best, that's as good as you can get -

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whether you're a company or a State - AAA.

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Indiana was recently recognised by Chief Executive magazine

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as the number one State in the Midwest for business - number

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the frustrations and the hopes of the American people like no

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We're tired of being told, we're tired of being told that this

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We're tired of having politicians in both parties in Washington DC,

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tell us we'll get to those problems tomorrow.

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And as Ronald Reagan said, we're tired of being told that

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a little intellectual elite in a far-distant capital can

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plan our lives better for us than we can plan them for ourselves.

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Donald Trump gets it, and he understands

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That is Mike Pence. I have been asking Jane O'Brien what more we

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know. The odd thing is that if you had

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waited for Donald Trump to tell you, you would still be waiting. He spoke

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for 30 minutes before finally introducing Mike Pence to the stage

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which is really odd, because the whole idea of this form of highly

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choreographed introduction is literally to do that, to introduce

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the person who could become the vice president, to the nation. Mike Pence

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isn't really well known by most Americans. But Donald Trump

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effectively delivered his standard stump speech, taking sideswipes at

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Hillary Clinton and seems to have to remind himself actually, he was

:18:28.:18:31.

there to talk about Mike Pence. The reason that he once Mike Pence on

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the ticket is because he is everything Donald Trump is not. He

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has got great Conservative credentials, he is controlled, he's

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disciplined, not a hothead. He certainly has good working

:18:48.:18:49.

relationships with lawmakers on Capitol Hill and he is in effect an

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insider. And Donald Trump made it very clear that that is the biggest

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reason he wants him, because he is fed up with being an outsider. And

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TV recognises that he needs to gain that credibility with wavering

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Republicans who will be crucial in getting him into the White House. --

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and he recognises. Allah is Donald Trump doing in the polls? Is it

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possible to say how he's being viewed in America, not including

:19:23.:19:26.

this announcement that Mike Pence is as running mate, it is he looking

:19:27.:19:29.

like gaining ground across the country? The Pelz change -- the

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polls change daily. The race is extremely close. But what is

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significant is that in terms of general unpopularity, neither

:19:44.:19:48.

Hillary Clinton or Donald Trump well liked by anybody. This is a campaign

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when we are seeing the two least favoured now up for election. Which

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makes the whole dynamic of this race very, very strange indeed and could

:19:58.:20:05.

well affect turnout. If you are not enamoured by your Republican or

:20:06.:20:09.

Democrat candidate, you might just stay home. So when picking Mike

:20:10.:20:14.

Pence again, Donald Trump is hoping to boost its own figures and create

:20:15.:20:19.

a ticket that appeals far more broadly to the disenfranchised

:20:20.:20:24.

Americans who led the moment are throwing their weight behind Donald

:20:25.:20:28.

Trump. Jane O'Brien reporting from Washington.

:20:29.:20:36.

Now to check out all the sports news.

:20:37.:20:39.

Sweden's Henrik Stenson leads American Phil Mickelson by one

:20:40.:20:41.

stroke, heading into the final round of the Open Championship

:20:42.:20:43.

The pair traded blows over 18 holes on day three,

:20:44.:20:47.

as Stenson carded a three-under-par 68 for 12 under overall,

:20:48.:20:49.

one shot clear of Mickelson, who shot 70.

:20:50.:20:51.

American Bill Haas is six shots off the lead after a 69, one clear

:20:52.:20:55.

of England's Andrew Johnston, who posted 70.

:20:56.:21:00.

He is a great competitor, one of the finest to play the game in the last

:21:01.:21:09.

15 or 20 years. I know he is not going to back down and I will try

:21:10.:21:13.

not to, either. So it is going to be tough tomorrow and I will stick to

:21:14.:21:18.

my plan and hit my shots, pick my spots and hopefully I will be good

:21:19.:21:23.

enough by the end of the day. As well as his playing, it doesn't

:21:24.:21:26.

matter what other guys are doing. I have got to go and play a good round

:21:27.:21:31.

of golf, something in the mid-60s to have a good chance.

:21:32.:21:33.

Pakistan have built a useful lead of 281 in the second innings

:21:34.:21:36.

of the first test against England at Lord's.

:21:37.:21:38.

The tourists finished off England's tail with the addition of just

:21:39.:21:40.

12 runs this morning - Yasir Shah took six wickets.

:21:41.:21:43.

And while England got wickets at regular intervals -

:21:44.:21:45.

Chris Woakes has eleven for the match so far -

:21:46.:21:47.

many more runs for Pakistan on Sunday could see England

:21:48.:21:50.

The first innings, we didn't bat very well and we want to put that

:21:51.:22:02.

right. There is a lot of us who want to school some runs and hopefully

:22:03.:22:05.

win the game, but it is going to be tough. They have a good bowling

:22:06.:22:10.

attack and a good leg-spinner who will cause us trouble.

:22:11.:22:12.

Mark Cavendish has underlined his status as the fastest sprinter

:22:13.:22:14.

at the Tour de France, racing to his fourth victory

:22:15.:22:17.

After a processional 200 kilometres through the Rhone Valley,

:22:18.:22:20.

Cavendish hit the front with 150 metres

:22:21.:22:21.

to go to claim the win on stage 14 - his 30th of his Tour career.

:22:22.:22:25.

Chris Froome retains the leader's yellow jersey finishing

:22:26.:22:28.

Britain have restored their 2-1 lead in the Davis Cup against Serbia

:22:29.:22:35.

after Jamie Murray and Dom Inglot won the doubles this

:22:36.:22:37.

The British pair won in four sets meaning they need to win just one

:22:38.:22:42.

of the remaining two singles fixtures to reach the semi finals.

:22:43.:22:46.

The day had started with defeat for James Ward to Dusan Lajovic.

:22:47.:22:54.

It's great to really feel that you have finally come out here and put a

:22:55.:23:00.

rubber in for the team. And serving it out was obviously a little bit

:23:01.:23:06.

nerve wracking, but with the likes of Jamie and the net, you know that

:23:07.:23:09.

even if you might miss the served by little bit, he will help you out,

:23:10.:23:13.

and he did massively. He deserves a lot of credit for making me feel

:23:14.:23:18.

good. You started well as a pair, but it got interesting when they won

:23:19.:23:22.

that second set on a tie-break? Yes, I think we were unlucky to lose that

:23:23.:23:28.

set. We didn't quite return as well as we could have. We were holding

:23:29.:23:31.

serve constantly throughout the match. Dominic was serving

:23:32.:23:35.

incredibly well and I was serving pretty smart, too. It was

:23:36.:23:38.

unfortunate that we could not capitalise at the end of the second

:23:39.:23:42.

set. We were a little unlucky in a couple of points in the tie-break.

:23:43.:23:47.

It felt like we sell to our guns and kept getting the ball back and took

:23:48.:23:51.

a good chance to win and proved that in the second -- third and fourth

:23:52.:23:52.

sets. Premier League Champions,

:23:53.:23:55.

Leicester City, have sold N'Golo Kante, one of their most

:23:56.:23:56.

influential players from last The midfielder has moved

:23:57.:23:59.

to the London club on a five year deal after reaching the Euro 2016

:24:00.:24:03.

final with France this month. The deal is believed to be

:24:04.:24:05.

in the region of ?30 million - Thank you very much. Let's take you

:24:06.:24:22.

back now to Turkey. The situation there, where the government say they

:24:23.:24:25.

are in full control and that the coup attempt has failed. A dramatic

:24:26.:24:32.

24 hours in the history of Turkey. This is the scene live this evening

:24:33.:24:38.

in Ankara. Supporters of President Erdogan waving their flags, the

:24:39.:24:47.

Turkish flags. Supporters of his ruling party, the Justice and

:24:48.:24:51.

development party. They believe that it was people power that partly

:24:52.:24:57.

helps to turn the tide and defeat this coup attempt. Coming out onto

:24:58.:25:03.

the street, many people, to block the attempts to overthrow the regime

:25:04.:25:09.

of President Erdogan. There have been similar scenes this evening in

:25:10.:25:14.

Istanbul as well. And we know that around 3000 soldiers are now under

:25:15.:25:22.

arrest. More than 2500 judges have been displaced and many commentators

:25:23.:25:24.

say that President Erdogan will use this as an opportunity to carry out

:25:25.:25:31.

a purge of the military and the judiciary as well. But this was

:25:32.:25:38.

violence that left more than 265 people dead. -- 250 people dead. So

:25:39.:25:44.

what the future holds for President Erdogan and democracy in Turkey,

:25:45.:25:48.

many people debating that this evening. But these people

:25:49.:25:53.

celebrating in Ankara. That's the latest on the situation there. Thank

:25:54.:25:56.

you very much indeed for watching.

:25:57.:26:05.

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