17/07/2016 World News Today


17/07/2016

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Broadcasting in the UK and around the world. The headlines...

:00:10.:00:19.

Three police officers have been shot dead in the US city

:00:20.:00:22.

All we do know it at this particular time is that there was a shooting.

:00:23.:00:32.

We believe We have some officers that have

:00:33.:00:36.

been believe killed. Turkey's President vows to remove

:00:37.:00:40.

what he calls the "virus" behind Grief and politics are mixing here.

:00:41.:00:59.

A special church service in Nice Cathedral to remove the victims of

:01:00.:01:01.

the attack on Bastille Day. A major police operation

:01:02.:01:16.

is underway in the US state of Louisiana, after three

:01:17.:01:22.

officers were killed The police say one suspect has been

:01:23.:01:26.

shot dead, but they believe two The attack happened less than a mile

:01:27.:01:34.

from police headquarters in the state capital,

:01:35.:01:38.

Baton Rouge. The shooting happened

:01:39.:01:40.

on Airline Highway, in Louisiana's state capital,

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Baton Rouge, about a mile from Three police officers are dead,

:01:46.:01:48.

three others wounded. One is thought to be

:01:49.:02:01.

in a critical condition. Witnesses report a man dressed

:02:02.:02:04.

in black with his face covered, shooting in what is believed

:02:05.:02:06.

to be a targeted attack. All we do know at this particular

:02:07.:02:12.

time is that there was a shooting, Multiple officers were shot,

:02:13.:02:22.

and we have some that That is what I know

:02:23.:02:33.

for sure right now. We are securing the area

:02:34.:02:36.

with the deceased suspect, the suspect that has been killed,

:02:37.:02:38.

making sure there are not any Local residents have spoken well

:02:39.:02:41.

what Then my mum came in and said, did

:02:42.:02:43.

you hear something? All of a sudden, my phone started

:02:44.:02:52.

lighting up from the neighbourhood message board, where

:02:53.:02:55.

community activities "About 30 shots just happened

:02:56.:02:57.

at a convenience store called Be Baton Rouge was already under

:02:58.:03:02.

scrutiny and tensions high, after the fatal shooting by police

:03:03.:03:14.

almost two weeks ago of the black Family and friends gathered

:03:15.:03:17.

on Friday to honour him - so far today's shooting has not been

:03:18.:03:20.

connected to his death. But earlier this month in Dallas,

:03:21.:03:26.

a gunman fatally shot five police officers as a protest

:03:27.:03:29.

over his killing. The mayor has called

:03:30.:03:31.

for common sense to prevail. The police department, who have lost

:03:32.:03:37.

three of their colleagues, have warned people to stay

:03:38.:03:41.

inside until they are able to trace Let's take you now to a press

:03:42.:03:56.

conference that is happening in Baton Rouge to to do with those

:03:57.:04:01.

police shootings. Let's have a listen.

:04:02.:04:04.

It is an active ongoing investigation with a lot of moving

:04:05.:04:10.

parts right now. Louisiana State police is the lead agency with

:04:11.:04:14.

regard to the investigation itself. We will be working very closely with

:04:15.:04:20.

the Baton Rouge Sheriff 's office and police department from a local

:04:21.:04:23.

perspective and we will be joined with all our federal partners as we

:04:24.:04:28.

look at the many leads that have taken place right now. We will give

:04:29.:04:34.

a 1-800 number for the public to have as we move forward. Let me make

:04:35.:04:39.

something clear. You're interviewing a lot of people. If it does not come

:04:40.:04:44.

from myself, the chief of police, the Baton Rouge head Sheriff, if it

:04:45.:04:49.

does not come from these individuals we cannot confirm it as being

:04:50.:04:53.

factual. Just know that upfront. We will have another press conference

:04:54.:04:58.

tomorrow at 1pm Central standard Time. We will have updates. We're

:04:59.:05:07.

going to allow our investigators... It is a very large crime scene. We

:05:08.:05:11.

will tell people in the Baton Rouge area, if you do not need to be in

:05:12.:05:16.

that area of Airline Highway and that area, please stay away from

:05:17.:05:20.

that area because we will be working through that area throughout the

:05:21.:05:22.

night as we work out specifics. Police also note -- please also note

:05:23.:05:31.

that there is not and activists -- not an active shooters in aria in

:05:32.:05:34.

Baton Rouge. We believe, based on the information we have, this is

:05:35.:05:38.

ongoing... We believe that the person that shot and killed our

:05:39.:05:43.

officers, that he is a person that was shot and killed at the scene.

:05:44.:05:47.

That's what we know right now. We do not believe that we do not have any

:05:48.:05:52.

other shooter held up in the Baton Rouge area but understand that this

:05:53.:05:56.

investigation has a lot of moving parts and pieces and we will be

:05:57.:06:01.

going over each one of those, but right now there is no active

:06:02.:06:04.

shooters scenario going on in Baton Rouge. "Today At approximately

:06:05.:06:10.

8:40am, several Louisiana law enforcement officers were shot near

:06:11.:06:17.

Airline Highway. A call came into Central dispatch at the Baton Rouge

:06:18.:06:22.

police department saying there was a guy carrying a rifle walking in that

:06:23.:06:30.

particular area, at Airline and Goodwood. That was the call that

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came into us. I will tell you that three officers have died from

:06:35.:06:38.

injuries, two from the Baton Rouge police department and one from East

:06:39.:06:43.

Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff 's Department. One Baton Rouge Sheriff

:06:44.:06:50.

's deputy is in critical condition. Two radish and officers suffered

:06:51.:06:55.

life-threatening wounds but they are in stable condition at the hospital

:06:56.:06:59.

right now. At approximately 8:40am, Baton Rouge police officers at the

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convenience store observed an individual wearing All Black stand

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behind a beauty supply store holding a rifle. At Rob Smedley 8:42am,

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reports received of shots fired. At approximately 8:44am, reports

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received of officers down on the scene. At 8:45am, reports received

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more shots being fired. 8:46am, reports received of the suspect

:07:25.:07:28.

wearing All Black standing next to a car wash is near the convenience

:07:29.:07:36.

store. At 8:48am, units started arriving at the scene. They started

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getting the bodies to render first aid at the scene. Officers engaged

:07:43.:07:47.

the suspect at that particular time and heals medley died at the scene.

:07:48.:07:51.

State police and multiple agencies responded to the scene in an attempt

:07:52.:07:56.

to secure the area and identify possible potential suspects and

:07:57.:08:01.

further threads in the area. We are asking the public to stay vigilant.

:08:02.:08:05.

If you see something suspicious and you know it is suspicious and out of

:08:06.:08:08.

the ordinary in your particular area, call your local police

:08:09.:08:13.

department. If you know that number, call that number. We ask that if you

:08:14.:08:22.

see suspicious activity and you do not know the number, it is 1-800

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CALLFBI. 1-800 2255324. We do not have an active shooters scenario in

:08:41.:08:46.

the city Baton Rouge. It will take as in multiple directions. You can

:08:47.:08:52.

help us if you see something out of the ordinary, please call us. We

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will have a 1pm press conference tomorrow afternoon and we will

:08:57.:08:58.

completely update you on anything that is going on.

:08:59.:09:03.

Thank you, Carl. As Carl was just stating, we have had six officers

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shot today in Baton Rouge, three of which are Baton Rouge police

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officers, two of which are deceased. We have had two Sheriff's deputies

:09:24.:09:33.

shot. One is deceased, 45-year-old. One is in critical condition,

:09:34.:09:36.

fighting for his life as we speak, 41-year-old, and one with nonlife

:09:37.:09:41.

threatening injuries. He is in surgery. He is 51 years old. Each

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one of these individuals is married, each one of these individuals have

:09:49.:09:55.

family. We are grieving as a law enforcement community. We are

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grieving for each other, grieving for our loss and grieving for our

:09:59.:10:05.

families. We ask for your prayers. Not only for us, like I say, the

:10:06.:10:12.

deputies, but for the families and the co-workers. We are a family, as

:10:13.:10:16.

law enforcement, and we stand here together as you can see. Our number

:10:17.:10:20.

one priority is the safety of our community, the safety of the people

:10:21.:10:23.

who live here, the save the law enforcement. -- the safety of law

:10:24.:10:32.

enforcement. Avril fellow sheriffs are here. We want to assure you that

:10:33.:10:38.

we are having a coordinated effort that is going to ensure that we

:10:39.:10:42.

continue to provide the services necessary to protect the citizens of

:10:43.:10:46.

this parish. With God's help, we will get through this. To me, this

:10:47.:10:57.

is not so much about gun control as it is about what is in men's hearts.

:10:58.:11:05.

And until we come together as a nation, as a people, to heal as a

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people. If we don't do that and this madness continues, we will surely

:11:15.:11:20.

perish as a people. So I would just ask for your prayers and your

:11:21.:11:24.

support for all of the families of all those involved here today and

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continue to pray for this parish of this city, this state and this

:11:33.:11:33.

nation. As the others have said, we have had

:11:34.:11:53.

six officers shot today. Three of those officers were BRPD officers.

:11:54.:12:17.

Two of those have died. One has nonlife threatening injuries. We

:12:18.:12:23.

would ask for prayers from this community for our officers, for our

:12:24.:12:30.

families, for the families that have been affected by today's

:12:31.:12:33.

senseless... Senseless shooting that went on this morning. Our prayers

:12:34.:12:43.

for all law-enforcement. We stand united, and this is a united front,

:12:44.:12:47.

make no mistake about that. This is very united. Public safety remains

:12:48.:12:53.

our priority and we will continue to do our job in the light of what has

:12:54.:12:59.

happened. We have several agencies from outside that are coming in to

:13:00.:13:04.

lend support and help. Our officers have been depleted for the last 12,

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14 days. There are other agencies that have come in to help us out and

:13:11.:13:15.

back us up. That is for this community's safety. As this Sheriff

:13:16.:13:24.

said, we have activated the Sheriff's task force, and it is a

:13:25.:13:27.

coordinated effort going forward. We will get through this as a family.

:13:28.:13:30.

We will get through this as a community. All in all, I want the

:13:31.:13:35.

BRPD officers to know that I support you. Every single one of you. I

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stand beside you and we're going to get through this. We're going to get

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through this together. This is not going to tarnish this city or this

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department. We're going to move forward. Thank U.

:13:48.:13:53.

This is indeed a tragic day for the city of Baton Rouge. When we have

:13:54.:14:00.

the Attorney General of the United States and myself, I want to offer

:14:01.:14:08.

my condolences to the families of those involved in this shooting. All

:14:09.:14:12.

federal law-enforcement assets that are needed will be given to this

:14:13.:14:16.

investigation. We will go wherever it takes us to conclude this

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investigation. I will tell you that our continuing support and the

:14:21.:14:26.

continuing support of federal law enforcement in this matter has been

:14:27.:14:29.

great. We have the agents from the FBI as well as the Marshall office

:14:30.:14:35.

and people in my office continuing to assist with the investigation and

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we will continue to do so until justice is served. Tank you.

:14:39.:14:46.

-- thank you. This is truly a sad day in Baton Rouge as we now meet

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again behind senseless killings. We continue to ask the question and we

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continue to make the statement, "Let peace prevail in Baton Rouge and

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this parish". We must look ahead. The president has acknowledged this

:15:05.:15:09.

violence and we will reiterate those things at around 3:30pm our time.

:15:10.:15:16.

But again, the people that you see here today, let me say

:15:17.:15:20.

unequivocally, the president has responded to the needs of Baton

:15:21.:15:27.

Rouge. Not only that, the agencies you see here have always been

:15:28.:15:37.

partners, but the state police, the Sheriff's office and the city's

:15:38.:15:41.

police, we are one family all seeking justice for all of our

:15:42.:15:49.

people. And so, let me thank the president and others for their calls

:15:50.:15:53.

and the governor will elaborate on the call he got from the president.

:15:54.:15:58.

But we must say that we ask you now for your prayers. We also pray for

:15:59.:16:05.

those who were killed or injured today. We want you to pray for their

:16:06.:16:11.

families and be with them not only today but in the future. They are

:16:12.:16:18.

our first responders. Now we pledge to them that we will be their first

:16:19.:16:28.

responders. We must strive to be one nation under God, indivisible for

:16:29.:16:34.

liberty and justice for all. We thank our officers who have fallen

:16:35.:16:38.

in the line of duty. We pray for their families, we pray for peace

:16:39.:16:39.

everywhere. God bless you. Today has been a very tough day here

:16:40.:16:49.

in Baton Rouge and in Louisiana and in our country. And absolutely

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unspeakable heinous attack on law enforcement here in Baton Rouge

:16:55.:17:00.

claimed the lives of two Baton Rouge police officers, one Sheriff's

:17:01.:17:04.

deputy and injured three others, one of whom right now, as we speak, is

:17:05.:17:10.

absolutely fighting for his life. It's unjustified, it's

:17:11.:17:15.

unjustifiable. The violence, the hatred just has to stop. It's at

:17:16.:17:20.

times like this I wish the command of the English language that I have

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would be more adequate to the task to convey the full range of emotions

:17:26.:17:32.

that I'm feeling for the state of Louisiana. Earlier today, I along

:17:33.:17:37.

with the mayor and the law-enforcement community here

:17:38.:17:42.

gathered with family members of the victims at the hospital. When I tell

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you unspeakable tragedy, it's unspeakable. That these men, risking

:17:46.:17:57.

their lives to protect and serve this community, were taken out the

:17:58.:18:03.

way that they were. They are real life, everyday heroes. As you've

:18:04.:18:10.

been told by Carl Edmondson, this is an ongoing investigation, a lot of

:18:11.:18:15.

moving parts in multiple agencies. I want to reassure everyone here in

:18:16.:18:17.

Baton Rouge and around the state that we're doing everything humanly

:18:18.:18:22.

possible to make sure that everyone is protected. Every resource is

:18:23.:18:29.

going to be available to be used to bring these perpetrators, if that

:18:30.:18:38.

art more than one, to justice. Obviously that means federal, state

:18:39.:18:42.

and local. You just heard from the US attorney but we are being aided

:18:43.:18:51.

by the FBI and other agencies as well. I also spoke with the

:18:52.:18:53.

president of the United States a couple of hours ago, who called to

:18:54.:18:56.

express on the half of himself and the first Lady but also the United

:18:57.:19:00.

States, their condolences, their best wishes for those wishing for a

:19:01.:19:09.

full and speedy recovery but also prayers for the people here in Baton

:19:10.:19:14.

Rouge and around the country. We have to do better. An attack on one

:19:15.:19:23.

of us is an attack on all of us. And the people who carried out this act,

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the individuals, they do not represent the people of Baton Rouge

:19:28.:19:34.

or the state of Louisiana. Or what is best about our country. They

:19:35.:19:40.

don't represent the values we stand for. Obviously our community is

:19:41.:19:45.

hurting but only through peace and unity can we heal. That is going to

:19:46.:19:50.

take constructive dialogue. There simply is no place for more

:19:51.:19:55.

violence. It doesn't help anyone, it doesn't further the conversation, it

:19:56.:19:59.

doesn't address any injustice perceived or real. It is just an

:20:00.:20:05.

injustice in and of itself. We're not going to tolerate more hate and

:20:06.:20:12.

violence tearing apart the communities and families of

:20:13.:20:19.

Louisiana. Just a few days ago, and as I do now, I'm inviting the people

:20:20.:20:23.

around the country is to join their prayers to mind that our nation,

:20:24.:20:27.

that our community here can heal and we can get past this, and certainly

:20:28.:20:34.

pray for the recovery of those officers who were injured today but

:20:35.:20:39.

pray for all of our officers, here in Baton Rouge and around the state

:20:40.:20:41.

and around the country and our family members who everyday expose

:20:42.:20:46.

themselves to great risk of harm simply so they can protect and

:20:47.:20:51.

serve, as they have sworn to do. As you were told by Carl Edmondson,

:20:52.:20:56.

we're not going to take questions at this point. There will be another

:20:57.:21:04.

press briefing tomorrow at 1pm. We will then update you with any

:21:05.:21:11.

additional information that we gather between now and then. So I

:21:12.:21:14.

want to thank you for covering this press conference. Again, ask

:21:15.:21:20.

everyone to join with the folks of Louisiana in solidarity so that as a

:21:21.:21:25.

nation, we can heal, we can get past this and we can be what we're

:21:26.:21:29.

supposed to be in the United States of America. Because we're not there

:21:30.:21:32.

today. God bless you. 1pm tomorrow we will have a

:21:33.:21:41.

briefing. If anything significant happens before then, we will make

:21:42.:21:46.

sure you an to fight of it. You were watching a live press conference

:21:47.:21:50.

there in Baton Rouge with police officials as well as the Louisiana

:21:51.:21:54.

governor and the police officials said very clearly that there is not

:21:55.:22:01.

an active shooter scenario. We did believe that police were looking for

:22:02.:22:05.

other suspects but they had said repeatedly that they believe the

:22:06.:22:07.

suspect that died at the scene was the suspect that shot the officers.

:22:08.:22:12.

They also went through a lot of the timings of events and it appears

:22:13.:22:16.

that everything happened extremely quickly. They did say there is no

:22:17.:22:21.

active shooter scenario. We heard from Governor John Bell Edwards who

:22:22.:22:25.

was extremely sombre and described it as a tough day, and unspeakable

:22:26.:22:32.

act. He said he had spent time with family members of the and said that

:22:33.:22:37.

"An attack on one of us is an attack on all of us. We will hear a lot

:22:38.:22:44.

more I'm sure in the coming hours and days of the event. President

:22:45.:22:46.

Obama has also issued a statement about the shootings after condemning

:22:47.:22:52.

the killings as "Attacks on civilised society".

:22:53.:23:09.

We believe the president is due to speak in the next half-hour. We will

:23:10.:23:15.

bring that live to you as soon as we get it. The Republican national

:23:16.:23:20.

convention also begins on Monday amid intense security in Cleveland,

:23:21.:23:24.

Ohio. Thousands of people are expected to come to the city to

:23:25.:23:28.

witness Donald Trump formally being announced as the Republican

:23:29.:23:32.

candidate. A large number of protests and rallies are expected

:23:33.:23:40.

throughout the four-day long event. We have already seen some reaction

:23:41.:23:43.

from Donald Trump about these shootings. Can you tell as a bit

:23:44.:23:49.

more about that? Yes. Donald Trump posted a series of messages on

:23:50.:23:53.

social media in response to what has happened in Baton Rouge. I will just

:23:54.:23:57.

share them with you. He said, "We grieve for officers killed in Baton

:23:58.:24:03.

Rouge". He asked how many enforcement people have to die

:24:04.:24:07.

because of a lack of leadership in this country. A dig at President

:24:08.:24:12.

Obama in the way he sees he has handled the relationship between

:24:13.:24:15.

minority communities and the police. Mr Trump issued another tweet, a

:24:16.:24:19.

much more politically charged one. "Trying To fight Isis, now our own

:24:20.:24:25.

people are killing the police. The country is divided and out of

:24:26.:24:29.

control. The world is watching". Tapping into something that will be

:24:30.:24:35.

a theme of this convention and a theme of the election, the divided

:24:36.:24:37.

America. Donald Trump is trying to tap into a river people, a section

:24:38.:24:42.

of the American population who he feels have been left behind by the

:24:43.:24:46.

political classes. Also tapping into some of those divisions now, we are

:24:47.:24:51.

seeing across America in protests across the country. There are also

:24:52.:24:57.

protests that are planned for here in Cleveland. There is one which is

:24:58.:25:03.

already under way. It is called the Shut Down Trump Rally. There are

:25:04.:25:09.

only expected to be about 100-200 people at that rally but there are a

:25:10.:25:13.

number of different protests planned this week. Some will be pro-Trump

:25:14.:25:20.

but the vast majority of them are in the order of the Shut Down Trump

:25:21.:25:25.

Rally today. Although the Black Lives Matter movement will not be

:25:26.:25:32.

protesting here, they say they do not see the point as Donald Trump

:25:33.:25:37.

does not CI to eye with them on the issues they are campaigning on, but

:25:38.:25:42.

they will be at the meeting next week.

:25:43.:25:44.

We are hearing that the head of the police union is asking for a

:25:45.:25:50.

suspension of the open carry firearms at the convention. That is

:25:51.:25:54.

quite extraordinary, isn't it? Given everything in terms of the

:25:55.:25:58.

challenges the police are facing here and huge security, it is

:25:59.:26:00.

perhaps unsurprising he might have been asking for that. Especially in

:26:01.:26:05.

the wake of the Dallas police shootings, where we even had the

:26:06.:26:10.

Dallas police chief saying that actually open carry laws which are

:26:11.:26:13.

the case in Texas sometimes make it difficult for police to work out who

:26:14.:26:18.

is potentially an attacker and police chief Brown said that it made

:26:19.:26:23.

it challenging to have open carry. Indeed, the police union here has

:26:24.:26:28.

called for the open carry laws here in Ohio to be suspended. A statement

:26:29.:26:34.

from the Governor of Ohio, Jon Kay sick, basically said that is not in

:26:35.:26:38.

his power and would not be in his power, it would be up to state

:26:39.:26:44.

politicians to deal with that. Many people here feel strongly about the

:26:45.:26:49.

right to openly carry a firearm. Governor Kasick said that what is

:26:50.:26:54.

important is restoring the bonds between the community and police.

:26:55.:27:01.

Thank you very much for that. I'm sure we will be keeping an eye on

:27:02.:27:03.

the convention as closely as possible.

:27:04.:27:07.

Thousands of mourners in Turkey have attended funerals for those killed

:27:08.:27:09.

The foreign ministry put the number of dead at almost 300,

:27:10.:27:13.

John is a security adviser in the Washington -based think tank. He

:27:14.:27:28.

formerly worked as security adviser to Dick Cheney. First of all, what

:27:29.:27:35.

is your reaction to this attempted coup? It seems quite extraordinary.

:27:36.:27:40.

Yes, but not completely unexpected. I think the coup was less a cause of

:27:41.:27:47.

instability in Turkey's problems than it was really a symptom of it.

:27:48.:27:51.

This is something that has been building for quite some time.

:27:52.:27:56.

President Erdogan has been engaged on a multi-year effort to

:27:57.:28:01.

consolidate power and to attack his opponents, to move Turkey in a more

:28:02.:28:08.

Islamist direction. I think it's increasingly polarised Turkish

:28:09.:28:13.

society and particularly an institution like the Turkish

:28:14.:28:19.

military that at least previously had been constitutionally charged

:28:20.:28:25.

with protecting the secular nature of the Turkish state. John,

:28:26.:28:31.

President Erdogan has now gone about arresting judges, which seems to me

:28:32.:28:38.

that he is using this failed coup as a reason to go after his enemies. Is

:28:39.:28:43.

that the conclusion you would reach? I'm afraid it is the predictable

:28:44.:28:45.

conclusion that we would have to reach. That's President Erdogan,

:28:46.:28:53.

everything we know about him is that we will -- he will not let this kind

:28:54.:28:58.

of license go to waste. He will in fact seize upon it not only to

:28:59.:29:03.

attack those who may in fact be responsible for this attack but to

:29:04.:29:10.

go against all of his opponents and try to complete the job that he has

:29:11.:29:13.

been engaged in for several years now, to essentially eliminate all

:29:14.:29:18.

opposition to his rule and to his efforts to build a real imperial

:29:19.:29:26.

presidency, including calling for very controversial constitutional

:29:27.:29:29.

changes that would in fact make him the equivalent of Russia's President

:29:30.:29:37.

Putin. Just briefly, John, could President Erdogan be right? Could

:29:38.:29:43.

others be seeking to unseat him and there could be this massive

:29:44.:29:47.

conspiracy? We have seen a major coup, there are forces moving

:29:48.:29:53.

against him. Well, it is hard for me to believe that this ageing cleric,

:29:54.:29:58.

however popular he may be, has been able from several thousand miles to

:29:59.:30:04.

engineer this kind of coup. I have no love lost for him. The irony is

:30:05.:30:09.

that him and his followers were entirely in the hoots with President

:30:10.:30:13.

Erdogan only a few years ago, when President Erdogan was staging show

:30:14.:30:18.

trials to bring down the Turkish military and bring it to heal using

:30:19.:30:21.

what has been admitted now has trumped up evidence. With that job

:30:22.:30:27.

done, President Erdogan quickly moved against Gulen as an

:30:28.:30:35.

independent source of power that could one day down the line

:30:36.:30:39.

challenge him. This is a fight between two sorts of people who I

:30:40.:30:42.

think the United States should have no love lost for either of them.

:30:43.:30:46.

John, thank you very much for your time and analysis.

:30:47.:30:51.

Three police officers have been shot dead in baton rude Chindit do I see

:30:52.:30:58.

an hour. More coming up on BBC world News.

:30:59.:31:10.

Jane Hill will be back with a full round-up of the day's news. First

:31:11.:31:15.

our world. No agreement was better

:31:16.:31:21.

than a bad agreement. These negotiations were essentially

:31:22.:31:33.

about curbing Iran's nuclear programme in return for suspension

:31:34.:31:36.

and then later on lifting of international

:31:37.:31:41.

sanctions against Iran. I think it's certainly made doing

:31:42.:31:47.

business much more difficult to have Those times of eating together,

:31:48.:31:50.

breaking bread together, always are useful in building

:31:51.:31:57.

the relationships you need when you're in the midst of such

:31:58.:32:01.

a tough, tough negotiation. I asked everyone to put their iPhone

:32:02.:32:12.

in the fridge. I think from the outset,

:32:13.:33:15.

most people were rather sceptical and thought that the chances to get

:33:16.:33:20.

a deal were below 50% Enormous technical difficulties,

:33:21.:33:23.

complicated technical questions. On the other hand, the political

:33:24.:33:34.

framework, which was also So we had to deal with two

:33:35.:33:40.

challenges, a technical one It is about centrifuges,

:33:41.:33:44.

stockpiles, stabiliser tubs. Rather quickly, you need people

:33:45.:33:53.

who are experts. I became a little more

:33:54.:33:57.

knowledgeable. In all of the negotiations, it

:33:58.:34:13.

is not only a negotiation with Iran, It is negotiating with each

:34:14.:34:19.

of the partners sitting at the table, and then

:34:20.:34:23.

with the P5+1, the permanent members of the Security Council,

:34:24.:34:26.

plus Germany and the EU, who have to come to an agreement,

:34:27.:34:29.

and then an agreement with Iran. When talks were going on like that,

:34:30.:34:34.

it was a logistical Every time there was an extension

:34:35.:34:37.

or they missed a deadline. As soon as our live broadcast

:34:38.:34:48.

was over, we would all rush to the hotel reception,

:34:49.:34:56.

extending our rooms or booking I don't think any of us knew how

:34:57.:34:59.

this process would evolve, but over the two years,

:35:00.:35:55.

the number of people of course grew that were directly involved

:35:56.:35:58.

in the process, because we had to expand the team according

:35:59.:36:03.

to the needs. But it is also part of our daily

:36:04.:36:06.

bread in terms of host country, policy and good offices that

:36:07.:36:11.

Switzerland has provided for the past 150 years, so in a way,

:36:12.:36:15.

it is also in our genes. Each time a minister arrived

:36:16.:36:18.

in Geneva, the chief of protocol of Geneva and myself

:36:19.:36:23.

were at the airport greeting the Minister, and our foreign

:36:24.:36:28.

minister always welcomed him with a personal letter

:36:29.:36:32.

and some Swiss chocolate. Obviously when you start to welcome

:36:33.:36:37.

these dignitaries, the amount of security and the amount of cars

:36:38.:36:42.

that arrived when I was standing in front of the hotel,

:36:43.:36:46.

for some minutes you feel like you are looking at a Hollywood

:36:47.:36:50.

movie but being part of it. It all started with,

:36:51.:36:57.

at the beginning around 70 rooms, bearing in mind that

:36:58.:37:01.

the hotel counts 168 rooms. At the end of the talks,

:37:02.:37:06.

the hotel was fully booked. This room was the working room,

:37:07.:37:10.

the heart of operations, but also my personal room,

:37:11.:37:15.

because from the Swiss foreign ministry, one person had to stay

:37:16.:37:18.

all of the time, 24 So I had to transform this room

:37:19.:37:21.

and the working room There were about ten persons in this

:37:22.:37:29.

room for the meetings, but also my team during for the day,

:37:30.:37:35.

and they worked day It was not a luxury life we led,

:37:36.:37:39.

and it was a relatively small room for a relatively

:37:40.:37:46.

big group of people, with many computer

:37:47.:37:49.

screens on the table, At the end of the day,

:37:50.:37:52.

it felt more like a student's home We weren't surprised

:37:53.:37:59.

at all that we were the target We used to joke that the number

:38:00.:38:44.

of bugs in a room probably Everybody wants to learn

:38:45.:38:49.

about the other side's playbook before they enter a game,

:38:50.:38:54.

as well as countries interested We knew about the sensitivity

:38:55.:38:56.

of these negotiations, so for example, when I had my

:38:57.:39:01.

pre-meetings with my own team, which we had every morning,

:39:02.:39:05.

I asked everyone to put Allegations were made, and these

:39:06.:39:09.

allegations are investigated And these investigations

:39:10.:39:16.

are still ongoing, so I cannot I think it certainly made doing

:39:17.:39:24.

business much more difficult to have social media everywhere,

:39:25.:39:53.

and to have our every movement My wife was always e-mailing me

:39:54.:39:56.

to ask why I was eating pizza on a random Friday night and not

:39:57.:40:02.

getting on a plane home. In Lausanne, the talks

:40:03.:40:10.

were dragging on and on, so once when a European diplomat

:40:11.:40:13.

was coming back to the hotel, I grabbed him and said,

:40:14.:40:18.

"For heaven's sake and for that of my planning, please

:40:19.:40:21.

tell me how many more days He was coming back

:40:22.:40:25.

with a bag of shopping. He didn't say much, just opened that

:40:26.:40:31.

bag and showed me what was inside. There was a sack of

:40:32.:40:37.

new, fresh underwear. People have asked whether I got

:40:38.:41:20.

And whether we started to really understand each other,

:41:21.:41:27.

I have no doubt we understand each other better.

:41:28.:41:29.

You can't spend that many hours with each other and not.

:41:30.:41:34.

We certainly got to know each other's lives.

:41:35.:41:37.

Abbas Araghchi and I both became grandparents during this time.

:41:38.:41:42.

And so we shared videos of our grandchildren.

:41:43.:41:46.

That did not change how tough we were with each other

:41:47.:41:49.

in the negotiations, because he had a responsibility

:41:50.:41:52.

to the national interest of his country, and I had

:41:53.:41:55.

a responsibility to the national interest of my country.

:41:56.:42:01.

I got a tipoff from a source that told me the Iranian Foreign Minister

:42:02.:42:05.

had arranged for the US counterpart to go and dine in this

:42:06.:42:11.

Persian restaurant and experience Iranian food.

:42:12.:42:15.

So I rushed to that restaurant and sneaked into the place,

:42:16.:42:20.

The top brass of the US negotiating team in that restaurant dining

:42:21.:42:30.

We had the phone calls, they said John Kerry

:42:31.:42:36.

and his delegation were coming to our place.

:42:37.:42:40.

So we received them and they had dinner here.

:42:41.:42:47.

I asked him the population of Iran, they are waiting for this

:42:48.:42:52.

negotiation, I hope you will get success from this negotiation.

:42:53.:42:57.

He told me, "Did you say this to Mr Zarif?

:42:58.:43:01.

I said I didn't, I'm telling it to you.

:43:02.:43:04.

So he said, "I will call him and tell him what you told me."

:43:05.:43:10.

There were two dining rooms, one for the P5+1 and the European Union,

:43:11.:43:15.

That was in part because our dining room had alcohol and the Persian

:43:16.:43:22.

But as the talks went on, Minister Zarif invited several of us

:43:23.:43:28.

to dine with the Iranian team, which was a very good thing to do,

:43:29.:43:33.

And those times of eating together, breaking bread together,

:43:34.:43:40.

always are useful in building the relationships you need

:43:41.:43:44.

when you're in the midst of such a tough, tough negotiation.

:43:45.:43:55.

In Lausanne, the talks broke for a few days

:43:56.:43:59.

because the Iranian President's mother passed away.

:44:00.:44:03.

The President's brother was a key member of the Iranian

:44:04.:44:06.

negotiating team all throughout the negotiations.

:44:07.:44:10.

On the morning of that day, the US team went to the Iranian

:44:11.:44:14.

counterparts, headed by John Kerry, to console the President's brother.

:44:15.:44:53.

March 2015 was a turning point because it was now or never.

:44:54.:45:00.

We had, you know, the framework agreement.

:45:01.:45:05.

But I think Lausanne, where the agreement was in a way

:45:06.:45:09.

crystallised, framed, and then negotiations

:45:10.:45:14.

I think what was the hardest part of Lausanne were those last two days

:45:15.:45:24.

when we were trying to drive to a conclusion,

:45:25.:45:27.

We thought we were close, so we all agreed to stay one more day.

:45:28.:45:37.

And indeed we then got to the parameters that

:45:38.:45:40.

became the basis for the final 27 days in Vienna.

:45:41.:45:53.

I will never forget the moment where the EU told me that we can

:45:54.:46:00.

organise and go ahead with the press conference.

:46:01.:46:05.

We were waiting for 72 hours for this moment.

:46:06.:46:09.

It was a very emotional moment behind the curtain.

:46:10.:46:14.

And then it came the moment when they asked me to

:46:15.:46:18.

Today, we have taken a decisive step.

:46:19.:46:34.

We have reached solutions on key parameters of a joint

:46:35.:46:39.

We have made progress and we will make progress.

:46:40.:47:43.

Progress was made on the way forward.

:47:44.:47:46.

We hope to make substantial further progress then.

:47:47.:48:16.

When Federica Mogherini was chairing a round with the ministers

:48:17.:48:21.

in Vienna during the endgame, when she had a heated argument

:48:22.:48:25.

with the Iranian Foreign Minister and he said, "Never

:48:26.:48:28.

And the Russian Foreign Minister came in, "Nor a Russian!"

:48:29.:48:33.

Then things calmed down very easily, but we had similar

:48:34.:48:38.

We also had walkouts when I stood up and said, "I'm not going to continue

:48:39.:48:44.

for the day," but then we resumed early the next day.

:48:45.:48:50.

REPORTER: Minister Zarif, are we going to have a deal?

:48:51.:48:52.

We're making progress, we need to make more progress

:48:53.:49:04.

In Vienna, the talks were dragging on and on.

:49:05.:49:31.

They had to write the text of the final deal.

:49:32.:49:36.

And it was proving to be far more difficult than they had anticipated.

:49:37.:49:41.

So they missed the deadline of July 1, then they extended it

:49:42.:49:45.

They ended up on a rolling deadline basically.

:49:46.:49:53.

Just before midnight when the top Iranian negotiator, Abbas Araqchi,

:49:54.:49:58.

posted something on his Instagram, the picture of the Iranian supreme

:49:59.:50:04.

leader's hand as if he's signing off something.

:50:05.:50:09.

There is no commentary, but that picture was speaking for itself.

:50:10.:50:14.

That's when we thought there might be a deal.

:50:15.:50:19.

Later on, our cameraman caught the Iranian negotiating team late

:50:20.:50:24.

They were very relaxed, happy and smiley, going through that

:50:25.:50:31.

I knew for sure that the deal was done 3am in the morning

:50:32.:50:42.

This is actually when we finalised the texts.

:50:43.:50:47.

I felt tremendously relieved at that moment.

:50:48.:50:50.

It was just so overwhelming that I can't even say I was happy,

:50:51.:50:53.

I think that the Iranian nuclear deal made a huge contribution

:50:54.:52:05.

to solve the nuclear problem in a peaceful way.

:52:06.:52:10.

I'm strongly convinced if we had not reached this

:52:11.:52:16.

solution in summer of 2015, we would have been confronted

:52:17.:52:23.

with a very difficult situation, including a discussion

:52:24.:52:28.

When we reached success and it was a private moment

:52:29.:52:42.

for everyone to reflect on what we had done,

:52:43.:52:46.

and each of the ministers made a statement, and every statement

:52:47.:52:51.

And Secretary Kerry was the last person to speak.

:52:52.:52:56.

And he recounted that when he was 21, he went

:52:57.:53:02.

He made a commitment that he would do whatever

:53:03.:53:07.

he could in his life to make sure that there was never war ever again.

:53:08.:53:12.

And that's what he was about in this negotiation.

:53:13.:53:17.

And then everyone, including the Iranians, applauded.

:53:18.:53:32.

Because I think for all of us, we understood that what we had done

:53:33.:53:37.

was to try to ensure peace, not war.

:53:38.:54:23.

You may have heard news there is a heatwave on the way. Certainly over

:54:24.:54:32.

the next few days, the weather will bear no resemblance to what we saw

:54:33.:54:38.

during the first half of July. That was cloudy, dollar than average and

:54:39.:54:42.

in the first 14 days, nowhere reached 25 Celsius. That changed at

:54:43.:54:49.

the weekend. Hotspots got up to the upper 20s. Some places will get up

:54:50.:54:54.

to the 30s. The heat building as high-pressure nudges northwards

:54:55.:54:58.

across the UK and that means for many on Monday, some very warm to

:54:59.:55:06.

hot sunshine. Coastal parts, along with the English channel run the

:55:07.:55:11.

risk of poor visibility and northern Scotland, close to a weather front

:55:12.:55:15.

so outbreaks of rain for one more day. Maybe just 15 or 16 Celsius.

:55:16.:55:25.

Elsewhere, low to mid 20s. By Tuesday, we are importing extra heat

:55:26.:55:31.

from the continent. In France they may get around 40 Celsius. We will

:55:32.:55:36.

not be that hot but the hotspots breaking 30 Celsius, particularly in

:55:37.:55:42.

an area from Birmingham to London. The hottest places, upper 20s and

:55:43.:55:47.

low 30s. Across the beaches it will be a bit more refreshing. Some

:55:48.:55:57.

places will get higher. Not everyone's cup of tea. It comes with

:55:58.:56:03.

high to very high UV levels, high pollen, briefly deteriorating air

:56:04.:56:06.

quality and some stifling nights. These are temperatures on Tuesday

:56:07.:56:12.

night, Wednesday morning. If it is not your cup of see, when will a

:56:13.:56:18.

thunderstorm,? You will not wait too long. A major disturbance coming

:56:19.:56:23.

Tuesday night and into Wednesday. Disruptive downpours from the end of

:56:24.:56:28.

Tuesday and on through Wednesday, particularly across western and

:56:29.:56:32.

northern parts of the UK, but nowhere in new from catching a

:56:33.:56:36.

thundery downpours. Watch this space. But the heat is still very

:56:37.:56:39.

much about across south-eastern parts. As we go into Thursday, the

:56:40.:56:46.

cut-off that flow of hot air from the continent. We are starting to

:56:47.:56:51.

look to the Atlantic once again. A tramps issuing Day on Thursday. --

:56:52.:56:58.

transition. Temperatures come down a few degrees and then very much by

:56:59.:57:03.

Friday, Gaitlin take weather taking over once again. No potent weapon

:57:04.:57:09.

systems coming our way. Bits of energy coming in producing more

:57:10.:57:14.

showers. Some heavy ones but not as heavy on Tuesday night. Going into

:57:15.:57:19.

the weekend, the airflow earlier from the hot continent, by the

:57:20.:57:24.

weekend, very much coming in from the Atlantique. It is changeable

:57:25.:57:29.

weather taking over once again. Occasionally dry, occasionally

:57:30.:57:39.

sunny, showery. Temperatures in the high teens, low 20s. Summer heat at

:57:40.:57:41.

last but because this forecast looks further head, you can already see

:57:42.:57:44.

the return to summer mediocrity.

:57:45.:57:48.

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