04/08/2016 World News Today


04/08/2016

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This is BBC World News Today, with me Geeta Guru-Murthy.

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With one day to go, the International Olympic Committee

:00:07.:00:13.

clears 270 Russian athletes to compete in the Rio Games.

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The International Olympic Committee says it will confirm the final

:00:19.:00:20.

But IOC president Thomas Bach warned athletes who dope that they will

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We want to keep the cheaters away from the Olympic Games.

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The message is clear, there is no place to hide for cheats.

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I'm Chris Mitchell in Rio, where the opening ceremony

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is only 24 hours away and excitement is growing.

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The Olympic flame has almost reached its destination. Next it will be the

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athletes. As local election results come in,

:00:53.:00:56.

South Africa's ruling party looks set for its worst poll since taking

:00:57.:00:59.

power in 1994. Caring in a conflict zone -

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as the battle for Syria's largest city rages on,

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we hear from a doctor on life in one 60% of us here in the UK are hooked

:01:06.:01:08.

on our digital devices, but how do you take a break

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from the online world? With the opening ceremony

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only 24 hours away, the International Olympic Committee

:01:32.:01:34.

has been giving more details about which Russian athletes can

:01:35.:01:37.

take part in the Rio Games. According to the head

:01:38.:01:41.

of the Russian Olympic Committee, around 270 athletes

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have been cleared. Amongst that number

:01:44.:01:45.

are 29 Russian swimmers. The IOC is also letting the Russian

:01:46.:01:49.

women's water polo team compete in Brazil,

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and its synchronised swimming team. Elsewhere, and 11 Russian boxers

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have also been cleared, but appeals And all 18 members of the Russian

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shooting team will be allowed The World Anti-Doping Agency has

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again criticised Russian competitors Meanwhile, the Olympic torch has

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made its way to some of Rio's beaches ahead of the opening

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ceremony on Friday. But demonstrations have continued,

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with police having to use tear gas. Organisers say more than a million

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tickets for the Games remain unsold. A short while ago the president

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of the IOC defended the decision not to impose a blanket ban

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on Russian athletes. The IOC Executive board has reversed

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the presumption of innocence for every Russian athlete,

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and to make him or her bare the collective responsibility

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for the alleged failures Nevertheless, natural justice does

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not allow us to deprive a human being even of the right

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to prove their innocence. And this is why the IOC granted this

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right to the Russian athletes, and imposed, at the same time,

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very strict eligibility The IOC itself has taken,

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after its three-step procedure, the final decision on whether this

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criteria has been met. The IOC has been guided

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by the advice of independent experts from the Court of Arbitration

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for Sport, as you know, Let's speak to our sport

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correspondent Chris It's just a day before the Games

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and only now are we learning which Russian athletes can compete

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and which can't. It could be described as shambolic

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by those who disagree with the chorus that the IOC took but it was

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interesting, at this news conference where Thomas Bach was talking he

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made a very long preamble. He defended what they had done, what he

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had decided to do. That was not issued a blanket ban, to let

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individual sporting federations mag up their own mind and come back with

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a list and get that ratified by the IOC three-man panel. Thomas Bach

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would say they took the course of justice to ensure that only clean

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athletes compete, but critics of this will say the Russians were only

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going to bring a team of 350 odd athletes anyway and it looks as

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though when we get this final confirmed list they will be taking

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270. Where is the punishment in that? You have to remember that in

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the McLaren report, they found evidence of state-sponsored doping.

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There will be those out there that will continue to say throughout

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these Games that the IOC took the easy way out. And you are right,

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less than 24 hours to go before the game kicked off with the opening

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ceremony and we still don't know. In fact there are still athletes who

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are having their cases heard in Rio right now. Given the lengthy

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preparations and this crisis, how are other athletes from competing

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nations going to feel about the numbers of the Russian team that are

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still going to take part in this? I have spoken to members of the

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swimming community that are incredulous that it looks as though

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the Russians will have a large swimming team. The breaststroke

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champion having her case heard right now. I think more broadly, the

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sporting community is incredulous by the whole situation that they find

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themselves in. It isn't the fact that they will be perhaps performing

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alongside athletes that have served doping bans or have question marks

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over them, it is more the fact that there will be definitely other

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athletes here at the Games who have served bands that aren't Russian

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that are competing. Look at the swimming for example. A couple of

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long-distance swimmers from China, Korea, who will be swimming, coming

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here after doping bans. If they were Russians they wouldn't be allowed. I

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wouldn't say the athletes I have spoken to are particularly

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pinpointing the Russians. They are angry about the whole process that

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this Olympic games has been taken through. I don't know if it is easy

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to answer this but how much do people there feel that this is all

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part of a bigger political deal? That wider political considerations

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with Russia on the international stage part of this, because globally

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there is an acutely difficult period in many parts, also right for you

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are, there must be some excitement about the torch coming and the Games

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kicking off? There is. I saw the torch today go through one of the

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tourist areas down by the beach and it was very peaceful. There weren't

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that many people there. A huge security contingent, no protests,

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all very nice indeed. Everybody enjoying the sunshine after a couple

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of grey days. There are rumours abound about insider deals and the

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machinations of the IOC. Russia's relationship and Vladimir Putin's

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relationship with the IOC. Then you have to factor in who sponsors these

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individual sports and how much money has been invested in them and you

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could write a James Bond novel, I am sure. The truth is, stood here right

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now, I can just tell you there are lots of people out there in the

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Olympic Park behind me who questioned this whole situation and

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do often tell you, you have to follow the money. We don't know. All

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we know is Thomas Bach has sat there today and tried to ensure the world

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that what he wants is a cleaning Games delivered here in Rio and that

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everybody is happy. He is certainly feeling the pressure. That news

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conference to date was packed and he took a long time before he said

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anything justifying his position. Very good to talk to you. Lots more

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to come. And you can keep up-to-date with all

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the latest from the Olympics Simply go to bbc.com/olympics

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for the latest news, Plus analysis from our

:08:42.:08:44.

correspondents on the ground. South Africa's governing

:08:45.:08:53.

African National Congress appears to be headed for its worst election

:08:54.:08:56.

result since it came With more than 80% of votes counted

:08:57.:08:59.

in local elections, it's leading nationally but has lost

:09:00.:09:05.

support in key cities. The main opposition

:09:06.:09:09.

Democratic Alliance has taken a significant lead in Port

:09:10.:09:11.

Elizabeth. Our correspondent Karen Allen

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is in Pretoria for us, where she has Just bring us up to date on where

:09:15.:09:29.

the results are at the moment? We have got about 80% of the votes that

:09:30.:09:33.

have been counted. If you the big green map over there on the left of

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the screen, you see a lot of green. That is the sorry the ANC want

:09:39.:09:43.

people to remember that it is winning 54% nationally. The story

:09:44.:09:46.

the Democratic Alliance once told is the story of all the yellow dots at

:09:47.:09:51.

the bottom. They have taken control of one of three of the key

:09:52.:09:55.

municipalities that the ANC was hoping to keep control of. It

:09:56.:10:00.

includes the city of Port Elizabeth in the Nelson Mandela Bay

:10:01.:10:07.

municipality. In the past couple of hours, the leading mercy Armani, a

:10:08.:10:11.

new black leader for a party that many people once considered a party

:10:12.:10:15.

that was too white, declared victory for that. That'll be a significant

:10:16.:10:20.

blow for the ANC because what it does show is that support cannot be

:10:21.:10:24.

taken for granted right across South Africa, that the ANC is facing

:10:25.:10:29.

opposition, nibbling into its heartland. This may be an indication

:10:30.:10:33.

of the direction of travel in the future when we have general

:10:34.:10:39.

elections in 2019. What are ANC members they are saying about this?

:10:40.:10:43.

Will force internal change with the party? How much this is a reflection

:10:44.:10:49.

of confidence in Jacob Zuma? It depends who you speak to. There are

:10:50.:10:54.

some that will point us to the 54% lead and say the vast majority of

:10:55.:10:58.

voters are still on side with the ANC project. They want to give us

:10:59.:11:02.

more time to be able to complete the work they are doing. We heard a

:11:03.:11:06.

little earlier from the Justice Minister and he made the point that

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it was now going to galvanise the ANC into accelerating its programme

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of providing better public services which 22 years, he said is a very

:11:17.:11:21.

short time to be able to make the changes that are required in South

:11:22.:11:24.

Africa. The Democratic Alliance, we have spoken to Missy I am Mane, he

:11:25.:11:30.

said this is a new tip of politics in South Africa, the wind they have

:11:31.:11:36.

had down in the south represents a generational shift but also a shift

:11:37.:11:40.

among a group of black voters that no longer are afraid to stray away

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from the party of liberation. They want to see delivery of services and

:11:44.:11:49.

corruption being tackled and the worry is about corruption and not

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only in the municipalities but right at the very top. They say that

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ultimately that reflects in the victory that they are celebrating

:11:58.:12:02.

tonight. Thank you very much, life as in Pretoria. -- live for us.

:12:03.:12:12.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

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A man has been arrested on suspicion of murder after a US citizen

:12:15.:12:17.

was killed and five others were injured in a knife

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Police said they believe Wednesday's attack was "spontaneous"

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and that the victims were "selected at random."

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The woman who died was thought to be in her 60s.

:12:26.:12:27.

Israel has arrested the head of the World Vision charity in Gaza,

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charging him with funnelling millions of dollars to the

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Israel claims that Mohammed Halabi was recruited by the movement

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World Vision said it had no reason to believe the

:12:37.:12:39.

Officials in Afghanistan say Taliban militants have attacked a group

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of tourists in the west of the country.

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Six foreigners are said to have been wounded when their minibus

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was targeted in western Herat Province in the attack,

:12:49.:12:51.

A Japanese government survey has uncovered the highest levels

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Welfare officers handled 103,000 cases of abuse last year,

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Cases involving psychological abuse comprised half the total,

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with many children witnessing domestic violence in their homes.

:13:11.:13:16.

The city of Aleppo has come to represent the sheer

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hell of Syria's war, now in its sixth year.

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Government forces surround the city, and daily life for those

:13:23.:13:26.

The BBC has managed to speak to a doctor running one

:13:27.:13:30.

of the few remaining hospitals in the rebel-held areas.

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Dr Hamza al-Khatib gives us this account of treating patients

:13:38.:13:39.

So, what's being done to achieve at least a pause in the fighting,

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The BBC's Yogita Limaye is following developments

:16:39.:16:42.

The head of the UN humanitarian task force in Syria has today said that

:16:43.:16:59.

nowhere is in more urgently needed than in the Morpeth besieged parts

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of Aleppo. He has said there are continuous and intense discussions

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between all parties and that the UN hopes will be some progress made in

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the next two days the organisation is calling for a pulse in fighting

:17:12.:17:15.

and also for two-way humanitarian corridors to open up so that aid can

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be taken into besieged parts of the city but also people who want to

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voluntarily leave these areas will have a way out. The UN estimates

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there are about a quarter of a million people living in these

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areas. These are in the heat of the city, they are held by rebel groups.

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These parts have been encircled by forces of the Government and its

:17:37.:17:40.

allies. The UN estimates that supplies will only last for three

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weeks and according to the information it has, the last batch

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of supply actually went in at the end of June. Last week the Syrian

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military had said that all supply lines to these areas had been cut

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off. While there is a deepening crisis in the east of the city, what

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the UN has also said is because of the increasing violence, we have

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seen over the past three days, there have also been lots of people now

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leaving other parts of Aleppo and moving towards the western side of

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the city. The UN today also stressed on the increasing number of attacks

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that we are seeing on medical facilities in the country of Syria,

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they said they are looking into reports of 44 hospitals, clinics and

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health posts that have been targeted in the month of July alone.

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That was the BBC's Yogita Limaye in Beirut.

:18:31.:18:32.

Melania Trump, the wife of the Republican Presidential

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candidate Donald Trump, has rejected suggestions

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that she violated visa rules when she first started working

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Mrs Trump had said that she began working in 1996.

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But nude photos published at the weekend appear to have been

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It comes as the Republican candidate appears to be sinking in the polls.

:18:51.:18:57.

Are you addicted to your mobile phone?

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Do you find yourself using a tablet or phone so much that it's

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Adults in Britain are now spending an average of 25 hours a week online

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More than half of them say they're hooked on their devices,

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as our business correspondent Emma Simpson reports.

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Nothing beats getting away from it all.

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But can we really switch off from our phones and devices?

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If I Google that, we'll be able to look today.

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I find it totally impossible just to put it away and not

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I like to keep in touch with everybody and I like to be able

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to post on my photos to Facebook so my friends can see where we are.

:19:44.:19:48.

I'm usually on Facebook, a bit of Instagram,

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Sadly, I do have to admit I check my e-mails.

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I appreciate that my family don't always approve when I do that.

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I think, in industry today, there is a requirement

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We are now spending on average 25 hours a week online.

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But we are also becoming aware of the drawbacks.

:20:22.:20:26.

A third of adults, 15 million people, said they had gone

:20:27.:20:30.

on a digital detox or break to strike a healthy balance.

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For instance, 16% of us have deliberately gone on holiday

:20:36.:20:39.

Over on pitch 108, the Woodwards from Merseyside left

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There is a lot going on in the world and different things at that.

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Two weeks of the year you can chill out and forget about everything.

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Many parents are making kids take an online break.

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Nearly two thirds have been digitally grounded.

:21:09.:21:10.

I don't find it something you need everyday.

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I am more than happy biking up and down.

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We're better connected than ever before but the challenge from it

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seems, is to make sure our obsession does not negatively affect our

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I had a 24 hours the talks this week, it was lovely. -- detox.

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When the Rio Olympics officially begins tomorrow,

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there'll be one factor the athletes will have at the back

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Rain, wind, sunshine - they can all make

:21:54.:21:56.

So what can competitors expect in Brazil?

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It's the greatest sporting event on earth. Rio 2016, the summer Games in

:22:00.:22:11.

Brazil. But did they know you are actually taking place in real's

:22:12.:22:15.

winter. This is the coolest and driest time in the city, a time of

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year when he met the is at its lowest. In some time the weather

:22:20.:22:24.

would be significantly different and arguably much harsher. In August

:22:25.:22:29.

daytime temperatures in Rio reach a height of 26 Celsius and rarely fall

:22:30.:22:35.

below 19 Celsius at night. Average monthly rainfall is 50 millimetres,

:22:36.:22:39.

similar to London. But because of the local mountains and the

:22:40.:22:43.

proximity of the sea, weather conditions will vary across the

:22:44.:22:46.

city's Olympic venues. The tennis tournament will be taking place at

:22:47.:22:50.

the Borough Olympic Park on the western side of Rio. With the word

:22:51.:22:56.

humility, the ball tends to suffer more drag, flying fraction of the

:22:57.:23:00.

slower as dry air is heavier than dense air. It could come down to the

:23:01.:23:06.

look of the draw as we saw recently at the open in Troon. Playing

:23:07.:23:11.

conditions could be much more difficult in the afternoon if

:23:12.:23:16.

stronger sea breezes develop. Many of the football matches will be

:23:17.:23:19.

staged in other cities around Brazil. In Salvador, temperature and

:23:20.:23:26.

humidity will be greater than Rio. Playing in higher humility is

:23:27.:23:29.

particularly draining as the foggy has to work harder to keep cool.

:23:30.:23:33.

Heat stress is less of a concern for Rovers. And direction has a much

:23:34.:23:38.

bigger impact on these competitors. A crosswind in particular could

:23:39.:23:42.

Labour team is closest to the wind with choppy conditions for those

:23:43.:23:46.

further across. For archers, the biggest concern is also the wind,

:23:47.:23:50.

strong gusts could see archers missed the target is altogether.

:23:51.:23:53.

Competitors will prepare both mentally and physically for the

:23:54.:23:57.

conditions, choosing a heavier blow if the wind is blowing hard. Sailing

:23:58.:24:02.

is also hugely affected by wind speed and direction. This board

:24:03.:24:07.

should have made at the Athens Olympics in 1896 but bad weather put

:24:08.:24:11.

paid to that. So there sailors need detailed forecasts to plan their

:24:12.:24:16.

tactics, but sea breezes in Guanabara Bay or win for disruption

:24:17.:24:19.

from the nearby mountains could make the conditions. The cycling gets

:24:20.:24:23.

underway with the road races and as we have seen from the recent Tour de

:24:24.:24:27.

France, competitors would prefer light wind and dry conditions. Chris

:24:28.:24:31.

Froome will be hoping to make history and avoid hitting the

:24:32.:24:32.

tarmac. A hidden portrait by

:24:33.:24:35.

the French Impressionist painter Edgar Degas has been

:24:36.:24:38.

revealed by scientists. Here's the original picture,

:24:39.:24:42.

called Portrait of a Woman With a Black Bonnet,

:24:43.:24:44.

painted in the late 1870s. This is the image underneath -

:24:45.:24:47.

a ghostly image of another model Researchers in Australia used x-rays

:24:48.:24:51.

to bring it to life. The woman with auburn hair bears

:24:52.:24:57.

a strong resemblance to a model called Emma Dobigny -

:24:58.:25:00.

who features in several With the opening ceremony

:25:01.:25:02.

only 24 hours away, the International Olympic Committee

:25:03.:25:12.

has been giving more details about which Russian athletes can

:25:13.:25:17.

take part in the Rio Games. According to the head

:25:18.:25:20.

of the Russian Olympic Committee, around 270 athletes

:25:21.:25:22.

have been cleared. We are waiting for confirmation from

:25:23.:25:33.

the IOC. South Africa's governing

:25:34.:25:34.

African National Congress appears to be headed for its worst election

:25:35.:25:36.

result since it came With more than 80% of votes counted

:25:37.:25:39.

in local elections, it's leading nationally but has lost

:25:40.:25:43.

support in key cities. And that's from me,

:25:44.:25:45.

Geeta Guru-Murthy. Get in touch on Twitter. We are back

:25:46.:25:56.

tomorrow. Thanks for watching. Sport coming up.

:25:57.:26:00.

tomorrow. Thanks for watching. Sport coming up.

:26:01.:26:05.

Good evening. It has been a day of sunshine and showers. Some heavy

:26:06.:26:10.

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