05/08/2016 World News Today


05/08/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today. Maracana this

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Throughout the day, the Olympic torch has been

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making its way through the city to the Maracana stadium.

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We'll be getting a taste of how the atmosphere is building at one

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of the many fan zones in Rio where thousands are gathering

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And here in London, I'm Tom Donkin, here are our other headlines:

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Months of scandals take their toll on South Africa's governing ANC -

:00:39.:00:42.

they've suffered their worst ever poll results.

:00:43.:00:45.

And we speak to the survivor who became the face of the Brussels

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As well as the excitement around what the Olympic

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we are live at the art stadium. It is less than three hours to the

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official start of the games. The Opening Ceremony is set to begin in

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the stadium behind me and as you can see, a lot busier now than it was an

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hour ago. Fans, spectators, ticket holders, they are waking -- making

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their way through and flanked, of course, by heavy security. It is a

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huge police operation here. There are browned about 85,000 police and

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army that has been deployed on the streets. There are around about 80

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5000. All the bags of the checked, all the tickets are being checked.

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It is only authorised access here at the stadium. You do get a sense of

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the anticipation and the excitement building. The atmosphere is very

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regulated, a little bit dampened down at the moment and I wonder

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whether that will change as we approached the Opening Ceremony in

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the hours to come. This Olympics has been marred in the build-up by an

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number of issues. Zika virus, the pollution of the waterways, the

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Russian athletes, you may render God we got the decision from the IOC

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yesterday, clearing the way for at least 271 Russian athletes to take

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part in these games. Added to that, the issues of security and

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transportation and whether or not this city is ready to play host the

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impact games -- to the Olympic Games.

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The two books are expensive for us but the games have brought good

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things for the city and for us to live here. His daughter Stephanie

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who is an umpire in the track and field events can barely contain her

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enthusiasm. I'm with excited. I can't wait for it to start and be

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part of it. After a marathon journey around this vast culturally diverse

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three, the Olympic Torch visited some of Rio's most famous landmarks.

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There has probably never been a more stunning backdrop for an Olympic

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Games. This is the first time the games have taken place in South

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America. A proud moment for the continent and for many Brazilians.

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Public support for the games has sometimes felt patchy with many

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areas having little investment. The question is, who are these Olympics

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for. There has been plenty of infuse yes, some protest and a lot of

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security. 85,000 troops have been deployed in the streets and there

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have been rumours of more demonstrations outside tonight's

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ceremony. Health, health, shouts one protester. Amid real anger that the

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billions have been spent staging the Olympics when Rio has arguably more

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pressing priorities. This is a city undoubtedly transformed by the

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games. Some new infrastructure and urban regeneration. There have been

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missed opportunities in a city with high levels of inequality, the MPEG

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-- the Olympic Games not providing so much impetus for change as had

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been promised. Looking over my shoulder here, it is

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all about security here and the checks that are being carried out

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for the thousands of people. 80,000, we're expecting to be in total in

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that stadium including athletes, officials, 45 heads of state and

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spectators as well. Let's discuss the security issues in detail. We

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have with us a security expert. Welcome. It is all about security.

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We knew that would always be the case. Yes, this is the most games

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with security in history. You've got thousands of municipal guards,

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thousands of private security, it is really about protecting the pics

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from a major terrorist attack or major crime. Brazilians have never

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seen anything like this before. Nor have they seen terrorism, which is

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of course what the global headlines have been about. They have seen big

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events come and go and what they are concerned about is that when all of

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this comes to an end, what will be left for the city and the state?

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What is your assessment of what you think will be left? You have been

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looking at this in detail. At the moment, you get a sense of

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excitement. The locals are pretty excited about staging this event but

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does that show perhaps don't worry run deeper? There has been a lot of

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apprehension in the lead up and with event finally happening tonight,

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most people are relieved that we got here. You've got the Rio that a lot

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of the foreigners will be seeing and you've got the other Rio with the

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poor and impoverished population live. For them, they are not X here

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in thing this big surge in security the way that foreigners are. They

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are getting less security than you might expect because all the police

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have been moved to the big Olympic venues. The big concern when it

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comes to an end is well innovative police practices continue? Will

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people -- police continued to protect the poorer people? We are

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looking at pictures of the heavy security here which has been

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epitomised by the army that are in the street here. We are getting

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reports that 85,000 police and army have been deployed. The largest

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military operation in prison in history. Some may find that presence

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reassuring, others may say intimidating, but it is a necessity,

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do you think? There is an expression here in Brazil, for the English to

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see. And a lot of the police presence is about calming the

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international presence. For sure, there is a risk, it is read below.

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The real concern now is organised crime, violet homicide, robbery, not

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necessarily in the streets but outside in the low income areas.

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After the Olympics, we have elections at the governor level, at

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city level, and nobody really knows whether there will be sufficient

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resources to maximise security into 2017. Thank you so much for joining

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us. Enjoy the Opening Ceremony. Here, all about heavy security as

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these ticket holders make their way through to the stadium. There was a

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part of Rio which is already celebrating with a bit of Samba and

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who better than to show us it than in one of the biggest fan zones in

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downtown Rio is Peter Kochi. I'm in the old fort area of Rio.

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Just before I described the place to you, I was here two years ago during

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the World Cup and it is unrecognisable. There was a lot of

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traffic flowing through here at that time but they have cut all that out,

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it is for pedestrians to come and enjoy themselves and that is what

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they are hoping to do here tonight. It is a huge square in the old port

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area. A huge screen has been mounted here today. You can hear music from

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thousands of fans milling here today, hoping to catch the Opening

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Ceremony on one of the big screens here at Square. We have heard today

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that the Opening Ceremony will probably not be the most expensive

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in the history of Olympics but it will be the coolest one because who

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puts up a better party than the Brazilians? And that cool vibe is

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already resonating here at the square today. People playing

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football, roller skaters, people running their bicycles, couples

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trying to soak in the atmosphere just as we are. They are just hoping

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that all the problems in the lead up to these games will just melt away

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once the Opening Ceremony starts at his the kind of atmosphere that they

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are trying to build here in Rio today.

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Indeed. Peter, you get the best gigs, because you were at the World

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Cup and now you are here again. Thank you very much. More from Peter

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and the team in the fan zone as we build up to the Opening Ceremony

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just a few hours away. 11,000 athletes, they will be taking centre

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stage here. A lot of the spotlight will be on who is carrying the flag

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is and what they are going to be wearing.

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Let's take a look at some of the outfits causing a stir.

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South Korea's outfits have gone down fairly well.

:11:26.:11:27.

They have been infused with insect repellent designed

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Here's Team China in a colour combination which critics have

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The official Olympic outfit for Georgia prompted thousands

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of Georgians to sign a petition calling for

:11:36.:11:37.

But possibly the most controversial was the Iranian outfit.

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However, such was the public backlash that they've had

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It's still unclear just what exactly they'll be wearing tonight.

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Last but not least, the home team outfit. As you would expect, those

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traditional Brazilian colours. We will be assessing who is wearing

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what and if they are wearing it well. Look out for Team GB's outfit,

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designed by Stella McCartney. We will take you to all the news in the

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build-up to the Opening Ceremony. Two hours away. Back to you in the

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studio. You can follow bad beta. And you can get all of the action of the

:12:31.:12:35.

website. Let's take a look at what else

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is making news around the world. The East African regional body

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I-GAD says the government in South Sudan has agreed to allow

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in an international protection force to try and salvage

:12:44.:12:45.

the country's peace deal. There's no clear timeline yet

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for the deployment of Lawyers for the US-based Turkish

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cleric, Fethullah Gulen say they fear that there could be

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an attempt on his life. The Turkish government has blamed

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Mr Gulen for masterminding the recent failed coup there,

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an accusation he denies. The government has submitted

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evidence to the US in preparation At least 13 people have been killed

:13:02.:13:05.

when suspected militants opened fire at a market place in the Indian

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town of Kokrajhar. Police have blamed the attack

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on an insurgent group called the National Democratic

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Front of Bodoland. They say they have killed one

:13:20.:13:21.

militant. The death toll from the Bastille Day

:13:22.:13:25.

lorry attack in Nice has risen to 85, after a 56-year-old man

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seriously injured in The death was confirmed on Twitter

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by President of the French Riviera He offered condolences to the family

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of the latest victim. In South Africa, the governing

:13:37.:13:47.

African National Congress has just recorded its worst ever electoral

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performance in local elections. The ANC has admitted defeat

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in the key battleground of Nelson Mandela Bay which includes

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the city of Port Elizabeth. Nomsa Maseko has this

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report from Johannesburg. The governing ANC has been handed it

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first major election setback since 1994. This is the first time the

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party of Nelson Mandela won less than 60%, an embarrassment and a

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major psychological blow, even though it still commands huge

:14:27.:14:32.

support and rewired. Other issues have affected them but broadly, the

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ANC has done well against all odds. But infighting, court cases and a

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host of corruption scandals, some involving the president, are widely

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seen as the reason for the ANC weakening support. What I would say

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to the ANC is the need to learn from the opposition, they need to take

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the citizens of South Africa very seriously. The municipal election

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results show that the ANC power and influence is slowly declining. The

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party is coming to the realisation that it can no longer take it for

:15:09.:15:12.

granted that the country's black majority will follow it blindly. The

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official opposition and ceded the ANC in Nelson Mandela Bay, an area

:15:21.:15:24.

with rich history of anti-apartheid struggle. We are very happy with the

:15:25.:15:32.

results so far. 95% counted and we are still waiting for results. But

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indications are that it looks like we will do very well in both those

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disabilities. But none of the parties have one and out my

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honourable gentleman Jarecki in fiercely contested cities including

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Johannesburg and Pretoria. Essentially, the people of South

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Africa gave us keys to the classroom on an historic lesson in humility.

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We will be opening it to put the ANC in it so they may learn once and for

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all never again to think that they are indispensable. They must learn

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to respect the people's power, to respect the people's mandate. These

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municipal elections have proven that South Africa's political landscape

:16:32.:16:37.

is maturing into a competitive multiparty democracy.

:16:38.:16:42.

Still to come, this woman became the face of the Brussels track. She has

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spoken to the BBC for the first time.

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The latest headlines: The Olympic torch has arrived

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The opening ceremony is now just hours away.

:18:05.:18:11.

Months of scandals take their toll on South Africa's governing ANC.

:18:12.:18:14.

They've suffered their worst ever poll results.

:18:15.:18:20.

China has sentenced another human rights activist after a week

:18:21.:18:32.

The woman who became the face of the attack on Brussels in March

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has given a special interview to the BBC.

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35 people died and more than 300 others were injured in blasts

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at the city's airport and a metro station.

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Nidhi Chaphekar, was featured in one of the most shared images

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and she told the BBC in Mumbai that her children saw their mother's

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The first time that I saw the picture, my eyes were struck by my

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face. It showed how helpless I was at that particular time, how

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frightened I looked, the agony, the pain. I spoke to Mike kids because I

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was worried, I have a son who was 14 years old. Seeing his mum who was

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half covered in clothes, my daughter, she is ten, my mother is

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being exposed to the world. I said, are you ashamed? They said, we were

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looking at your strength. Even in this condition, you are still

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wanting to be alive. It was a blast like a ball of fire

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it hit a sound. On form -- full volume. Next, I found myself way

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away as if someone had kicked me from that place and I was on the

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ground. Those cries of grief of people, those who were asking, where

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is my child? I'm calling for my child. I'm asking for help. People

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were crying because of pain. We have to live, we have to go on, life has

:20:26.:20:32.

to move. If you can do something better for someone, I think you have

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gained something. Everybody has to think that is it.

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That was the story of Nidhi Chaphekar, whose image

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in the aftermath of the terror attack on Brussels last

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year was shared and seen around the world.

:20:51.:20:55.

China has sentenced another human rights activist after a week

:20:56.:20:58.

of trials that have caused a great deal of concern around the world.

:20:59.:21:01.

Go Hong Gwor, who was given a three-year suspended sentence,

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was one of those caught up in a large-scale crackdown last

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Our correspondent John Sudworth has been in Tianjin this week.

:21:07.:21:24.

The authorities have been at pains to insist the trials are open and

:21:25.:21:33.

transparent. And, yet, I'm some distance away from the court because

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any attempt to film in the vicinity is very quickly squashed with both

:21:38.:21:42.

family members of those involved and journalists being kept well at bay.

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Foreign media is told instead it must cover these court cases from

:21:49.:21:53.

this media reception centre, complete with the big screen showing

:21:54.:21:57.

photographs from inside the court and a transcript of the proceedings

:21:58.:22:02.

though there is no way of verifying the accuracy of any of it. The

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ultimate irony is that having been stopped from filming outside the

:22:07.:22:10.

courts, being put on a bus and brought here, the government has

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been publishing photographs of inside this media reception centre.

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The message, the foreign media art being given every assistance and

:22:25.:22:30.

welcome. Being involved in human rights in China has never been an

:22:31.:22:34.

easy path to tread. What is different this time isn't just the

:22:35.:22:39.

scale, with 300 people detained last year, nor within the fact that

:22:40.:22:44.

amongst the 20 remained in custody ever since, there are some prominent

:22:45.:22:47.

lawyers. What is interesting about what is happening here and for many

:22:48.:22:53.

people deeply troubling is that the prosecutions are being linked to an

:22:54.:22:59.

increasingly fervent national narrative, neatly summed up by this

:23:00.:23:08.

video. It has been posted on the website of china's National

:23:09.:23:13.

prosecution service. Chinese human rights lawyers are at the centre of

:23:14.:23:18.

an international conspiracy, the video argues, that aims, through the

:23:19.:23:24.

motion of democracy and freedom, to bring the kind of chaos and

:23:25.:23:27.

instability in China that we can see elsewhere in the world. Now that the

:23:28.:23:32.

trials for this week have finished, the security is gone and we are once

:23:33.:23:37.

again free to film outside the court, the purpose to all this seems

:23:38.:23:42.

very clear, to send a very chilling message to anyone who dares to

:23:43.:23:45.

challenge the authority of the Communist Party, even if it's --

:23:46.:23:50.

even in its own party run courts. Let's return to the greater show on

:23:51.:24:02.

earth. For the first time, athletes from Kosovo will compete under the

:24:03.:24:10.

MPEG flag. He was a judo athlete who will be competing at the games. --

:24:11.:24:13.

under the Olympic flag. My name is Marina. I do judo in the

:24:14.:24:35.

under 52 kilograms. It is going to be very scarce -- very special...

:24:36.:25:28.

One judo player story. I want to bring you some live pictures from

:25:29.:25:38.

Rio de Janeiro. These are some protesters who are attempting to

:25:39.:25:45.

block the journey of the flames as it wakes six way to the stadium.

:25:46.:25:48.

These Olympic Games haven't been without controversy. A lot of people

:25:49.:25:53.

argue that the money spent on these games should have been spent on

:25:54.:25:56.

infrastructure and to lessen the massive poverty gap within Rio and

:25:57.:26:00.

around the country. Good night.

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