22/08/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today - reporting from Washington,


The headlines: EU leaders pick a symbolic venue for meetings


on the future of Europe - and reassure the Union


Nicholas Sarkozy launches a fresh bid to become France's leader again.


But will the voters want him back as president?


Is the American Dream coming to an end?


We take a look at how generational issues have become a hot topic


And with the Rio Olympic flame now extinguished,


we head to Tokyo to see how excitement there continues to burn


Europe has been facing unprecedented challenges over the last year


and a summit is underway in Italy to try to sort out


Among the issues being discussed by the leaders of Italy,


Germany and France is how to coordinate negotiations


The talks between Matteo Renzi, Angela Merkel and Francois Hollande


are also expected to focus on the economy, the migrant crisis


At a news conference, the Italian Prime Minister emphasised that


Europe was still united. Cancellation macro many people felt


that after Brexit, Europe come to an end. That's not the case. We respect


the choice made by British citizens but we want to write a new page for


the future. And we are talking about internal security and external


security and collaboration between the intelligence services, better


integration of the national industry and in particular, defence. And


those are absolute priorities. Our reporter joins us now. A lot of


emphasis that Europe is not at an end, but just how worried are the


leaders? They were certainly trying to accentuate the positive today, as


you heard, Renzi said many people are at an end but life goes on. They


were stressing things like operation went comes to fighting the security


threat, particularly in France. Also the action they need to put in


progress to make sure that genuine refugees are welcomed and looked


after in the reception centres and these pinch points of the migrant


crisis. They did talk about Brexit, it was almost cursory, but rest


assured behind-the-scenes people have been pulling a lot more on


that, because they really fear that if it looks too easy for Britain to


quit the EU, it might stoke the flames of Euroscepticism elsewhere


in the EU, and President Hollande is particularly worried that the


National front will get a boost from Brexit because they too have been


talking about a referendum on France's membership. A lot of the


issues you are talking about are external, there is not much control


these leaders have over them. How are they going to meet these


challenges? They talk a lot about cooperation, they are also talking a


lot today about engaging the use of Europe a lot more, and that is


because youth unemployment, particularly here in Italy, is a big


problem as it is in Spain and Greece. So one of their solutions


today was to find a way to almost rebirth European values and make


sure that the use of Europe are onside, that they buy into the


European project, because they really fear that Euroscepticism


could take hold elsewhere in Europe and then the entire project starts


fraying at the seams. So how much of an impact is Brexit playing into all


this, this disillusionment you're talking about? They are certainly


aware that populism is on the rise, he in Italy, Matteo Renzi faces a


refund and not in Europe but on constitutional reforms later this


year -- faces a referendum. There are worries that it may be a forum


for the movement which also shows Eurosceptic strands of thought in


his public pronouncements. So there is a worry that maybe other


countries could find themselves with these populist forces bubbling to


the surface and Angela Merkel does not want to see an ally like Matteo


Renzi falling from grace because of another referendum. Thank you.


France's former conservative president Nicolas Sarkozy has


formally announced he is running for the presidency again


He was defeated by Francois Hollande four years ago -


But less than two years later he was back in politics.


Our correspondent joins us from Paris. Anyone who has followed his


career will not be surprised by this. But what will his decision


have is an impact on the race as a whole? It's going to be great


interesting. We are in a two month period in the run-up to the November


primaries for his party, which are going to be hotly contested and as a


result probably will determine who will be the next leader, so in a N


primary is arguably the election. Whoever wins the November primary is


odds on to win the election because the left and President Hollande are


hopelessly divided, Marine Le Pen is on an upward trajectory but in any


two horse race, which the second round of French elections always is,


she will always be eaten by a majority against her. So the


November primary in which Nicholas Kersey is pitted against other


figures from the French past like the Prime Minister from the 1990s,


it's very exciting. There are a number of candidates but the return


of Sarkozy does give it some month because he is such a divisive


character. Exciting times ahead. Thank you.


Well, as we heard from the European leaders meeting today,


one of the biggest issues is the ongoing migrant crisis.


Save The Children says the number of unaccompanied children who've


arrived in Italy has doubled over the past year.


Many reception centres which provide accommodation for young people


Our correspondent Chris Buckler was with a rescue ship when it


arrived in the port of Catania in Sicily and sent this report.


Arriving from Africa, both young and old see Europe's wealth.


A different world from the poverty and, in some cases, turmoil that


But each new face that appears in places like Catania adds to


the pressure on resources, and that is particularly


true for the children, who arrive all too often alone.


It's obvious in the city around this port that many live on the fringes


of the system that is supposed to protect them, if not


Among the teenagers we found here was Fatah.


He travelled by himself from the troubled country of Somalia


We're not showing his face because he is only 14.


Are there not dangers for you because your mum's not


Workers from the charity Save the Children were with us


when we spoke to Fatah, and they helped to find


him somewhere safe to stay that evening.


But in towns and cities across Italy, that's becoming


increasingly difficult, with the reception centres filling


up, as boats continue to arrive with vulnerable children.


Today there was one girl who was 15 years old, from Eritrea,


Many children choose to continue their journeys alone,


and this is extremely dangerous, because they are constantly


falling at the hands of smugglers and traffickers.


Many girls are forced into prostitution


Keeping a separation between the worlds of children


and adults is proving to be a challenge here.


There are children who simply leave the reception centres,


and there's little the staff there can do to stop them.


Europe is starting to struggle to provide the education,


shelter and stability needed by the unaccompanied children


For refugees and migrants of all ages, home is both something


that's been left behind as well as somewhere


During a landmark trial at the International Criminal Court


an Islamist militant has admitted to destroying cultural


He was accused of leading rebel forces who destroyed historic


shrines at the world heritage site in Mali during 2012.


Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi said he was deeply remorseful and urged


An effort to destroy culture and community, described as an assault


on human dignity. These blows were condemned by the global community


and yet this is the first time someone has been tried at an


international court for destroying cultural heritage. The butler was


once the International heart of Africa. -- Timbuktu. It was overrun


by Islamist militants in 24. Al-Mahdi and his so-called Morality


Police. But now international rule has caught up with him and in


another first for the courts, he pleaded for forgiveness.


TRANSLATION: With deep regret and pain, I have two enter a guilty


plea. All charges against me are accurate and correct. I am really


sorry and a really remorseful and I regret or damage that I have caused


the community in Timbuktu, my family and my country, Mali. His appearance


as a victory for court still struggling to convince its critics


it has the power to execute international justice. It has been a


remarkable day here at the ICC. The prosecutor told the court that


attacks on cultural heritage to become a weapon of war. She told the


sentence should act as a deterrent and a warning to others that the


destruction of cultural treasures would not be tolerated. By


eradicating the mausoleums, Mr al-Mahdi intentionally destroyed


something that is intangible and immeasurable. Mr al-Mahdi himself


comes from the region and as a result was fully aware of the


importance of the mausoleums and their significance to the city's


inhabitants. Such is the importance of these monuments, the prosecutor


says stonemasons in the region are considered human treasures. A number


of victims are to share their stories during the course of the


ICC's burst open and shut trial, which is expected to be over by the


end of this week. Now a look at some of


the day's other news. Turkey's Foreign Minister says


the Islamic State group must be - as he put it - completely cleansed


from Syria's northern Mevlut Cavusoglu was speaking amid


reports that Turkish-backed Syrian rebels are preparing


to try to capture the IS-held A wedding reception in Gazientep


was targeted and at least 50 people were killed -


the majority of them children. The sportswear company Speedo has


announced its ending its sponsorship The decision follows his claim


that he had been robbed at gunpoint in Rio, a story he later


admitted was 'overexaggerated'. An environmental debate


is raging in Alberta, Canada, over plans to get more "dirty oil"


out of the ground. Green campaign groups believe it's


not possible to increase production while hitting CO2 emissions targets,


but local politicians point to the industry's huge contribution


to Canada's economy as a reason The BBC's Stephen Sackur sent this


report from Alberta. In the remote north of Alberta is a


land of beers, Kerry blue, moose and oilmen. We're in the southern area,


we are heading to our facility. This is what a state-of-the-art oilfield


looks like. 400 metres down is a rich seam of oil which has to be


liquefied by steam. It is high energy, high emissions will


production. Critics call it extreme will not Canada is the and to tap


it. -- extreme oil. Oil is too good to be needed, we're still continued


renewables, all forms of energy. Put McMurray is the tar sands boom town.


But in May, whole neighbourhoods were incinerated in a ferocious


world far they called the beast. This is what the beast (. -- left


behind. Hannay is the beginning in any two bedroomed house. The fire


fuelled a fierce argument. Is man made climate change making national


Hollande natural disasters like wildfire is more frequent and


severe' will Canada to get back on its vast reserves? The current walk


away from this massive resource? It's not just Greenpeace saying


that, the International energy agency saying three quarters of all


remaining fossil fuel reserves need to remain in the ground. Climate


change will test our intelligence, our compassion and our floor. Canada


has new Prime Minister, he went to the UN to sign the Paris climate


accord. Canada is now committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions 30%


by 2030. But the oil brings Canada big money. You see it in Calgary


where the oil companies have their offices. The politicians in Canada


won't hold the tar sands oil Russia even if it means allow the industry


to increase its emissions by almost half. In the short to medium term,


at 20% of Canadian GDP, it relies on Alberta's oil and gas industry. Do


you worry that here in Alberta, you are part of a problem which is going


to cost Canada the Earth in terms of international reputation? I think


what we're doing here is taking the first steps on the continent and in


the industrialised world to recognise that we have a problem and


take actions on it. We are leaders in that way and I will make no


apologies for it. Canada doesn't want to be seen as one of the


world's polluting powers but if it insists on pumping out every


tropical tar sands oil it's a label which might just stick. -- every


drop of tar sands oil. The idea that the next generation


will be better off than the one before has always been a powerful


part of the American Dream. According to a new survey


by the Pew Research Center, a majority of Americans actually


think the future will be worse. It's a pessimistic view that


Donald Trump has been tapping This week we'll be hearing


from a number of families but we start with Scott Wilson


and his son who live People here always have pride in


what they do, we have a name for making good furniture. The supported


communities through my lifetime, my grandparents, my father for a time,


it has changed a lot over the years. I have two children, Luke has asked


me from time to time about what I would recommend him to do, my advice


to him was get on education and look elsewhere. When the factories


started to close and I saw that people were starting to lose hope in


the manufacturing business, that was definitely a breaking point for me,


I knew there was a possibility that I had no future. Nearly 80% of the


people here have worked at some point in the factory industry.


Starting in 2001, actor is closed at a rate of two a year -- factories


closed. A lot of the younger helpers left town and is doing different


jobs now. It's nothing like I remember, the last time I was stood


here, it was full of people, machinery and would, and it's empty.


It's real saddening to see. I'm currently in college studying


police administration, I want to help people, that's how I always


been. That went back to when I was little, seeing the cop car down the


road with the blue light flashing, wanting to know where they were


going. I would have really enjoyed having my son work with me and learn


what I know about the industry, about Woodward, what it does for the


community, there is a lot more to it than making a kitchen table or a


chair. Don't get me wrong, just cos I'm going to college doesn't mean


I'm not proud of where my family has come from and how hard they worked.


I want manufacturing business to succeed but it's obvious that the


way things are going right now, it's coming to a slow halt. If I were to


have children, I'm good to push them to do something different.


Well, for more on how generational issues are playing into the 2016 US


presidential election, I'm joined now by


Why aren't people feeling the benefits of the economy growing?


Between 2000 and 2010, six million manufacturing jobs were lost, that


overwhelmingly affect the working class people, people without college


degrees, like you saw in the report. It also overwhelmingly affect white


people because actually, African-Americans and Hispanics


tended not to have jobs in the new factory sector in the first place so


the people really being hit by this tectonic shift of white working


class men. We are hearing a lot about the importance of white


working class men to both campaigns. How are they reacting? It's going to


be adjusting to see how the campaigns manage to try to reassure


these people that they have a future -- be interesting. The truth is a


bit under college in America at the moment, your future doesn't look


great, it's harder to find jobs and wages in that sector have been


stagnant since the 1970s. Mr Trump has really appeal to that group of


people by attacking immigration, you said, the reason you're not doing so


well is because we have 70 immigrants, and both candidates have


appealed to those people by saying, it is because of free agreements --


because we have so many immigrants. Democrats hysterically admit to do


pretty well with working-class people. -- historically have managed


to do pretty well. After 17 days of highs and lows


at the Rio Olympics, the summer games have finally


crossed the finish line. A colourful closing ceremony


took place yesterday, with the Olympic flag being handed


over the next Summer And while it's still 4 years away,


Tokyo is already prepping for the 2020 games, as the BBC's


Rupert Wingfield-Hayes explains. For Japan's Olympic athletes, that


has been a very long flight back from Rio, nearly 24 hours. But in


four years, they will be staying at home and the rest of us will be


coming here. The first challenge for any Olympic traveller, getting to


the city. That means taking on Tokyo's slightly terrifying metro


system. Somehow I got to use this to get to the Olympic Park. I need a


transfer ticket. First, quit the tour to check out


the newest Olympic sport. Skateboarding is now officially


input Tokyo Twenty20, so will eternally young people like this


into Olympic fans? How do you feel about skateboarding in the Olympics?


Are you excited, are you going to go and watch? I am excited, but I


joined the Olympics in Japan. You want to join the Olympics on your


board? Excellent! Tokyo is expensive. So get ready for small, I


mean really small. For $40 a night, this can be yours. It's pretty cosy!


English is another big headache. This woman speaks on really well.


But in Japan, that still rare. I hear they need 75,000 English


speakers so I wonder, do you feel like you can get up your time for


free for the Olympics? It's possible, I can help. She's not an


Olympic fan. Last year she led a campaign to have the designed for


the Olympic Stadium radically changed and she won. What do you


think of the Olympic Stadium? I am not... Why not? Because we're


talking about it, the scale is too big, doesn't fit that area.


According to my map, it should be right here. There is nothing here.


They have got less than four years until July 24, Twenty20, so they had


better hurry up. The clock is ticking!


I can't believe we are already talking about Tokyo! King penguin at


a Scottish zoo has made all been made a Brigadier in the King of


Norway first-macro guard. How has that happened? The penguin was given


the honour by members of the guard performing at the Royal Edinburgh


Military Tattoo. Normally presented the zoo with its first king penguin


in 1913, three of the animals have been mascots of the Norwegian kings


guard since that intended to. Why they couldn't think of anything more


imaginative I do not know. Next, the weather.


But for now from me and the rest of the team goodbye.


There is a taste of summer once again for some of us over the next


few days. It's going to be hotting up, temperatures not far away from


30 degrees but as always, not everywhere will see the heat, some


areas seeing cloud and


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