22/08/2016 World News Today


22/08/2016

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This is BBC World News Today - reporting from Washington,

:00:09.:00:10.

The headlines: EU leaders pick a symbolic venue for meetings

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on the future of Europe - and reassure the Union

:00:20.:00:21.

Nicholas Sarkozy launches a fresh bid to become France's leader again.

:00:22.:00:25.

But will the voters want him back as president?

:00:26.:00:28.

Is the American Dream coming to an end?

:00:29.:00:31.

We take a look at how generational issues have become a hot topic

:00:32.:00:34.

And with the Rio Olympic flame now extinguished,

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we head to Tokyo to see how excitement there continues to burn

:00:40.:00:42.

Europe has been facing unprecedented challenges over the last year

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and a summit is underway in Italy to try to sort out

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Among the issues being discussed by the leaders of Italy,

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Germany and France is how to coordinate negotiations

:01:11.:01:13.

The talks between Matteo Renzi, Angela Merkel and Francois Hollande

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are also expected to focus on the economy, the migrant crisis

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At a news conference, the Italian Prime Minister emphasised that

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Europe was still united. Cancellation macro many people felt

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that after Brexit, Europe come to an end. That's not the case. We respect

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the choice made by British citizens but we want to write a new page for

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the future. And we are talking about internal security and external

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security and collaboration between the intelligence services, better

:02:01.:02:03.

integration of the national industry and in particular, defence. And

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those are absolute priorities. Our reporter joins us now. A lot of

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emphasis that Europe is not at an end, but just how worried are the

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leaders? They were certainly trying to accentuate the positive today, as

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you heard, Renzi said many people are at an end but life goes on. They

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were stressing things like operation went comes to fighting the security

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threat, particularly in France. Also the action they need to put in

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progress to make sure that genuine refugees are welcomed and looked

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after in the reception centres and these pinch points of the migrant

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crisis. They did talk about Brexit, it was almost cursory, but rest

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assured behind-the-scenes people have been pulling a lot more on

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that, because they really fear that if it looks too easy for Britain to

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quit the EU, it might stoke the flames of Euroscepticism elsewhere

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in the EU, and President Hollande is particularly worried that the

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National front will get a boost from Brexit because they too have been

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talking about a referendum on France's membership. A lot of the

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issues you are talking about are external, there is not much control

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these leaders have over them. How are they going to meet these

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challenges? They talk a lot about cooperation, they are also talking a

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lot today about engaging the use of Europe a lot more, and that is

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because youth unemployment, particularly here in Italy, is a big

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problem as it is in Spain and Greece. So one of their solutions

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today was to find a way to almost rebirth European values and make

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sure that the use of Europe are onside, that they buy into the

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European project, because they really fear that Euroscepticism

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could take hold elsewhere in Europe and then the entire project starts

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fraying at the seams. So how much of an impact is Brexit playing into all

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this, this disillusionment you're talking about? They are certainly

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aware that populism is on the rise, he in Italy, Matteo Renzi faces a

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refund and not in Europe but on constitutional reforms later this

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year -- faces a referendum. There are worries that it may be a forum

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for the movement which also shows Eurosceptic strands of thought in

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his public pronouncements. So there is a worry that maybe other

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countries could find themselves with these populist forces bubbling to

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the surface and Angela Merkel does not want to see an ally like Matteo

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Renzi falling from grace because of another referendum. Thank you.

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France's former conservative president Nicolas Sarkozy has

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formally announced he is running for the presidency again

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He was defeated by Francois Hollande four years ago -

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But less than two years later he was back in politics.

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Our correspondent joins us from Paris. Anyone who has followed his

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career will not be surprised by this. But what will his decision

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have is an impact on the race as a whole? It's going to be great

:05:54.:06:00.

interesting. We are in a two month period in the run-up to the November

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primaries for his party, which are going to be hotly contested and as a

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result probably will determine who will be the next leader, so in a N

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primary is arguably the election. Whoever wins the November primary is

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odds on to win the election because the left and President Hollande are

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hopelessly divided, Marine Le Pen is on an upward trajectory but in any

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two horse race, which the second round of French elections always is,

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she will always be eaten by a majority against her. So the

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November primary in which Nicholas Kersey is pitted against other

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figures from the French past like the Prime Minister from the 1990s,

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it's very exciting. There are a number of candidates but the return

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of Sarkozy does give it some month because he is such a divisive

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character. Exciting times ahead. Thank you.

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Well, as we heard from the European leaders meeting today,

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one of the biggest issues is the ongoing migrant crisis.

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Save The Children says the number of unaccompanied children who've

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arrived in Italy has doubled over the past year.

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Many reception centres which provide accommodation for young people

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Our correspondent Chris Buckler was with a rescue ship when it

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arrived in the port of Catania in Sicily and sent this report.

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Arriving from Africa, both young and old see Europe's wealth.

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A different world from the poverty and, in some cases, turmoil that

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But each new face that appears in places like Catania adds to

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the pressure on resources, and that is particularly

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true for the children, who arrive all too often alone.

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It's obvious in the city around this port that many live on the fringes

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of the system that is supposed to protect them, if not

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Among the teenagers we found here was Fatah.

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He travelled by himself from the troubled country of Somalia

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We're not showing his face because he is only 14.

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Are there not dangers for you because your mum's not

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Workers from the charity Save the Children were with us

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when we spoke to Fatah, and they helped to find

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him somewhere safe to stay that evening.

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But in towns and cities across Italy, that's becoming

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increasingly difficult, with the reception centres filling

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up, as boats continue to arrive with vulnerable children.

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Today there was one girl who was 15 years old, from Eritrea,

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Many children choose to continue their journeys alone,

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and this is extremely dangerous, because they are constantly

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falling at the hands of smugglers and traffickers.

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Many girls are forced into prostitution

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Keeping a separation between the worlds of children

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and adults is proving to be a challenge here.

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There are children who simply leave the reception centres,

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and there's little the staff there can do to stop them.

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Europe is starting to struggle to provide the education,

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shelter and stability needed by the unaccompanied children

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For refugees and migrants of all ages, home is both something

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that's been left behind as well as somewhere

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During a landmark trial at the International Criminal Court

:10:11.:10:21.

an Islamist militant has admitted to destroying cultural

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He was accused of leading rebel forces who destroyed historic

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shrines at the world heritage site in Mali during 2012.

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Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi said he was deeply remorseful and urged

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An effort to destroy culture and community, described as an assault

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on human dignity. These blows were condemned by the global community

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and yet this is the first time someone has been tried at an

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international court for destroying cultural heritage. The butler was

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once the International heart of Africa. -- Timbuktu. It was overrun

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by Islamist militants in 24. Al-Mahdi and his so-called Morality

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Police. But now international rule has caught up with him and in

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another first for the courts, he pleaded for forgiveness.

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TRANSLATION: With deep regret and pain, I have two enter a guilty

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plea. All charges against me are accurate and correct. I am really

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sorry and a really remorseful and I regret or damage that I have caused

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the community in Timbuktu, my family and my country, Mali. His appearance

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as a victory for court still struggling to convince its critics

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it has the power to execute international justice. It has been a

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remarkable day here at the ICC. The prosecutor told the court that

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attacks on cultural heritage to become a weapon of war. She told the

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sentence should act as a deterrent and a warning to others that the

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destruction of cultural treasures would not be tolerated. By

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eradicating the mausoleums, Mr al-Mahdi intentionally destroyed

:12:23.:12:26.

something that is intangible and immeasurable. Mr al-Mahdi himself

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comes from the region and as a result was fully aware of the

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importance of the mausoleums and their significance to the city's

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inhabitants. Such is the importance of these monuments, the prosecutor

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says stonemasons in the region are considered human treasures. A number

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of victims are to share their stories during the course of the

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ICC's burst open and shut trial, which is expected to be over by the

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end of this week. Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. Turkey's Foreign Minister says

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the Islamic State group must be - as he put it - completely cleansed

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from Syria's northern Mevlut Cavusoglu was speaking amid

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reports that Turkish-backed Syrian rebels are preparing

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to try to capture the IS-held A wedding reception in Gazientep

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was targeted and at least 50 people were killed -

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the majority of them children. The sportswear company Speedo has

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announced its ending its sponsorship The decision follows his claim

:13:35.:13:36.

that he had been robbed at gunpoint in Rio, a story he later

:13:37.:13:41.

admitted was 'overexaggerated'. An environmental debate

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is raging in Alberta, Canada, over plans to get more "dirty oil"

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out of the ground. Green campaign groups believe it's

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not possible to increase production while hitting CO2 emissions targets,

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but local politicians point to the industry's huge contribution

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to Canada's economy as a reason The BBC's Stephen Sackur sent this

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report from Alberta. In the remote north of Alberta is a

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land of beers, Kerry blue, moose and oilmen. We're in the southern area,

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we are heading to our facility. This is what a state-of-the-art oilfield

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looks like. 400 metres down is a rich seam of oil which has to be

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liquefied by steam. It is high energy, high emissions will

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production. Critics call it extreme will not Canada is the and to tap

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it. -- extreme oil. Oil is too good to be needed, we're still continued

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renewables, all forms of energy. Put McMurray is the tar sands boom town.

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But in May, whole neighbourhoods were incinerated in a ferocious

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world far they called the beast. This is what the beast (. -- left

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behind. Hannay is the beginning in any two bedroomed house. The fire

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fuelled a fierce argument. Is man made climate change making national

:15:28.:15:32.

Hollande natural disasters like wildfire is more frequent and

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severe' will Canada to get back on its vast reserves? The current walk

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away from this massive resource? It's not just Greenpeace saying

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that, the International energy agency saying three quarters of all

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remaining fossil fuel reserves need to remain in the ground. Climate

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change will test our intelligence, our compassion and our floor. Canada

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has new Prime Minister, he went to the UN to sign the Paris climate

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accord. Canada is now committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions 30%

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by 2030. But the oil brings Canada big money. You see it in Calgary

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where the oil companies have their offices. The politicians in Canada

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won't hold the tar sands oil Russia even if it means allow the industry

:16:30.:16:35.

to increase its emissions by almost half. In the short to medium term,

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at 20% of Canadian GDP, it relies on Alberta's oil and gas industry. Do

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you worry that here in Alberta, you are part of a problem which is going

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to cost Canada the Earth in terms of international reputation? I think

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what we're doing here is taking the first steps on the continent and in

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the industrialised world to recognise that we have a problem and

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take actions on it. We are leaders in that way and I will make no

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apologies for it. Canada doesn't want to be seen as one of the

:17:11.:17:15.

world's polluting powers but if it insists on pumping out every

:17:16.:17:19.

tropical tar sands oil it's a label which might just stick. -- every

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drop of tar sands oil. The idea that the next generation

:17:25.:17:26.

will be better off than the one before has always been a powerful

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part of the American Dream. According to a new survey

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by the Pew Research Center, a majority of Americans actually

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think the future will be worse. It's a pessimistic view that

:17:36.:17:38.

Donald Trump has been tapping This week we'll be hearing

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from a number of families but we start with Scott Wilson

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and his son who live People here always have pride in

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what they do, we have a name for making good furniture. The supported

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communities through my lifetime, my grandparents, my father for a time,

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it has changed a lot over the years. I have two children, Luke has asked

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me from time to time about what I would recommend him to do, my advice

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to him was get on education and look elsewhere. When the factories

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started to close and I saw that people were starting to lose hope in

:18:28.:18:32.

the manufacturing business, that was definitely a breaking point for me,

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I knew there was a possibility that I had no future. Nearly 80% of the

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people here have worked at some point in the factory industry.

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Starting in 2001, actor is closed at a rate of two a year -- factories

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closed. A lot of the younger helpers left town and is doing different

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jobs now. It's nothing like I remember, the last time I was stood

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here, it was full of people, machinery and would, and it's empty.

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It's real saddening to see. I'm currently in college studying

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police administration, I want to help people, that's how I always

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been. That went back to when I was little, seeing the cop car down the

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road with the blue light flashing, wanting to know where they were

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going. I would have really enjoyed having my son work with me and learn

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what I know about the industry, about Woodward, what it does for the

:19:44.:19:50.

community, there is a lot more to it than making a kitchen table or a

:19:51.:19:57.

chair. Don't get me wrong, just cos I'm going to college doesn't mean

:19:58.:20:00.

I'm not proud of where my family has come from and how hard they worked.

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I want manufacturing business to succeed but it's obvious that the

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way things are going right now, it's coming to a slow halt. If I were to

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have children, I'm good to push them to do something different.

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Well, for more on how generational issues are playing into the 2016 US

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presidential election, I'm joined now by

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Why aren't people feeling the benefits of the economy growing?

:20:26.:20:37.

Between 2000 and 2010, six million manufacturing jobs were lost, that

:20:38.:20:42.

overwhelmingly affect the working class people, people without college

:20:43.:20:47.

degrees, like you saw in the report. It also overwhelmingly affect white

:20:48.:20:52.

people because actually, African-Americans and Hispanics

:20:53.:20:54.

tended not to have jobs in the new factory sector in the first place so

:20:55.:21:00.

the people really being hit by this tectonic shift of white working

:21:01.:21:05.

class men. We are hearing a lot about the importance of white

:21:06.:21:08.

working class men to both campaigns. How are they reacting? It's going to

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be adjusting to see how the campaigns manage to try to reassure

:21:15.:21:18.

these people that they have a future -- be interesting. The truth is a

:21:19.:21:22.

bit under college in America at the moment, your future doesn't look

:21:23.:21:26.

great, it's harder to find jobs and wages in that sector have been

:21:27.:21:32.

stagnant since the 1970s. Mr Trump has really appeal to that group of

:21:33.:21:36.

people by attacking immigration, you said, the reason you're not doing so

:21:37.:21:41.

well is because we have 70 immigrants, and both candidates have

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appealed to those people by saying, it is because of free agreements --

:21:46.:21:50.

because we have so many immigrants. Democrats hysterically admit to do

:21:51.:21:55.

pretty well with working-class people. -- historically have managed

:21:56.:21:57.

to do pretty well. After 17 days of highs and lows

:21:58.:21:59.

at the Rio Olympics, the summer games have finally

:22:00.:22:01.

crossed the finish line. A colourful closing ceremony

:22:02.:22:03.

took place yesterday, with the Olympic flag being handed

:22:04.:22:05.

over the next Summer And while it's still 4 years away,

:22:06.:22:08.

Tokyo is already prepping for the 2020 games, as the BBC's

:22:09.:22:12.

Rupert Wingfield-Hayes explains. For Japan's Olympic athletes, that

:22:13.:22:27.

has been a very long flight back from Rio, nearly 24 hours. But in

:22:28.:22:31.

four years, they will be staying at home and the rest of us will be

:22:32.:22:38.

coming here. The first challenge for any Olympic traveller, getting to

:22:39.:22:43.

the city. That means taking on Tokyo's slightly terrifying metro

:22:44.:22:48.

system. Somehow I got to use this to get to the Olympic Park. I need a

:22:49.:22:52.

transfer ticket. First, quit the tour to check out

:22:53.:23:14.

the newest Olympic sport. Skateboarding is now officially

:23:15.:23:18.

input Tokyo Twenty20, so will eternally young people like this

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into Olympic fans? How do you feel about skateboarding in the Olympics?

:23:24.:23:28.

Are you excited, are you going to go and watch? I am excited, but I

:23:29.:23:38.

joined the Olympics in Japan. You want to join the Olympics on your

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board? Excellent! Tokyo is expensive. So get ready for small, I

:23:45.:23:52.

mean really small. For $40 a night, this can be yours. It's pretty cosy!

:23:53.:24:05.

English is another big headache. This woman speaks on really well.

:24:06.:24:15.

But in Japan, that still rare. I hear they need 75,000 English

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speakers so I wonder, do you feel like you can get up your time for

:24:21.:24:24.

free for the Olympics? It's possible, I can help. She's not an

:24:25.:24:31.

Olympic fan. Last year she led a campaign to have the designed for

:24:32.:24:34.

the Olympic Stadium radically changed and she won. What do you

:24:35.:24:42.

think of the Olympic Stadium? I am not... Why not? Because we're

:24:43.:24:52.

talking about it, the scale is too big, doesn't fit that area.

:24:53.:24:57.

According to my map, it should be right here. There is nothing here.

:24:58.:25:03.

They have got less than four years until July 24, Twenty20, so they had

:25:04.:25:07.

better hurry up. The clock is ticking!

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I can't believe we are already talking about Tokyo! King penguin at

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a Scottish zoo has made all been made a Brigadier in the King of

:25:22.:25:24.

Norway first-macro guard. How has that happened? The penguin was given

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the honour by members of the guard performing at the Royal Edinburgh

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Military Tattoo. Normally presented the zoo with its first king penguin

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in 1913, three of the animals have been mascots of the Norwegian kings

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guard since that intended to. Why they couldn't think of anything more

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imaginative I do not know. Next, the weather.

:25:53.:25:54.

But for now from me and the rest of the team goodbye.

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There is a taste of summer once again for some of us over the next

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few days. It's going to be hotting up, temperatures not far away from

:26:13.:26:16.

30 degrees but as always, not everywhere will see the heat, some

:26:17.:26:19.

areas seeing cloud and

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