The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.
Browse content similar to 22/08/2016. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!
This is BBC World News Today - reporting from Washington,
The headlines: EU leaders pick a symbolic venue for meetings
on the future of Europe - and reassure the Union
Nicholas Sarkozy launches a fresh bid to become France's leader again.
But will the voters want him back as president?
Is the American Dream coming to an end?
We take a look at how generational issues have become a hot topic
And with the Rio Olympic flame now extinguished,
we head to Tokyo to see how excitement there continues to burn
Europe has been facing unprecedented challenges over the last year
and a summit is underway in Italy to try to sort out
Among the issues being discussed by the leaders of Italy,
Germany and France is how to coordinate negotiations
The talks between Matteo Renzi, Angela Merkel and Francois Hollande
are also expected to focus on the economy, the migrant crisis
At a news conference, the Italian Prime Minister emphasised that
Europe was still united. Cancellation macro many people felt
that after Brexit, Europe come to an end. That's not the case. We respect
the choice made by British citizens but we want to write a new page for
the future. And we are talking about internal security and external
security and collaboration between the intelligence services, better
integration of the national industry and in particular, defence. And
those are absolute priorities. Our reporter joins us now. A lot of
emphasis that Europe is not at an end, but just how worried are the
leaders? They were certainly trying to accentuate the positive today, as
you heard, Renzi said many people are at an end but life goes on. They
were stressing things like operation went comes to fighting the security
threat, particularly in France. Also the action they need to put in
progress to make sure that genuine refugees are welcomed and looked
after in the reception centres and these pinch points of the migrant
crisis. They did talk about Brexit, it was almost cursory, but rest
assured behind-the-scenes people have been pulling a lot more on
that, because they really fear that if it looks too easy for Britain to
quit the EU, it might stoke the flames of Euroscepticism elsewhere
in the EU, and President Hollande is particularly worried that the
National front will get a boost from Brexit because they too have been
talking about a referendum on France's membership. A lot of the
issues you are talking about are external, there is not much control
these leaders have over them. How are they going to meet these
challenges? They talk a lot about cooperation, they are also talking a
lot today about engaging the use of Europe a lot more, and that is
because youth unemployment, particularly here in Italy, is a big
problem as it is in Spain and Greece. So one of their solutions
today was to find a way to almost rebirth European values and make
sure that the use of Europe are onside, that they buy into the
European project, because they really fear that Euroscepticism
could take hold elsewhere in Europe and then the entire project starts
fraying at the seams. So how much of an impact is Brexit playing into all
this, this disillusionment you're talking about? They are certainly
aware that populism is on the rise, he in Italy, Matteo Renzi faces a
refund and not in Europe but on constitutional reforms later this
year -- faces a referendum. There are worries that it may be a forum
for the movement which also shows Eurosceptic strands of thought in
his public pronouncements. So there is a worry that maybe other
countries could find themselves with these populist forces bubbling to
the surface and Angela Merkel does not want to see an ally like Matteo
Renzi falling from grace because of another referendum. Thank you.
France's former conservative president Nicolas Sarkozy has
formally announced he is running for the presidency again
He was defeated by Francois Hollande four years ago -
But less than two years later he was back in politics.
Our correspondent joins us from Paris. Anyone who has followed his
career will not be surprised by this. But what will his decision
have is an impact on the race as a whole? It's going to be great
interesting. We are in a two month period in the run-up to the November
primaries for his party, which are going to be hotly contested and as a
result probably will determine who will be the next leader, so in a N
primary is arguably the election. Whoever wins the November primary is
odds on to win the election because the left and President Hollande are
hopelessly divided, Marine Le Pen is on an upward trajectory but in any
two horse race, which the second round of French elections always is,
she will always be eaten by a majority against her. So the
November primary in which Nicholas Kersey is pitted against other
figures from the French past like the Prime Minister from the 1990s,
it's very exciting. There are a number of candidates but the return
of Sarkozy does give it some month because he is such a divisive
character. Exciting times ahead. Thank you.
Well, as we heard from the European leaders meeting today,
one of the biggest issues is the ongoing migrant crisis.
Save The Children says the number of unaccompanied children who've
arrived in Italy has doubled over the past year.
Many reception centres which provide accommodation for young people
Our correspondent Chris Buckler was with a rescue ship when it
arrived in the port of Catania in Sicily and sent this report.
Arriving from Africa, both young and old see Europe's wealth.
A different world from the poverty and, in some cases, turmoil that
But each new face that appears in places like Catania adds to
the pressure on resources, and that is particularly
true for the children, who arrive all too often alone.
It's obvious in the city around this port that many live on the fringes
of the system that is supposed to protect them, if not
Among the teenagers we found here was Fatah.
He travelled by himself from the troubled country of Somalia
We're not showing his face because he is only 14.
Are there not dangers for you because your mum's not
Workers from the charity Save the Children were with us
when we spoke to Fatah, and they helped to find
him somewhere safe to stay that evening.
But in towns and cities across Italy, that's becoming
increasingly difficult, with the reception centres filling
up, as boats continue to arrive with vulnerable children.
Today there was one girl who was 15 years old, from Eritrea,
Many children choose to continue their journeys alone,
and this is extremely dangerous, because they are constantly
falling at the hands of smugglers and traffickers.
Many girls are forced into prostitution
Keeping a separation between the worlds of children
and adults is proving to be a challenge here.
There are children who simply leave the reception centres,
and there's little the staff there can do to stop them.
Europe is starting to struggle to provide the education,
shelter and stability needed by the unaccompanied children
For refugees and migrants of all ages, home is both something
that's been left behind as well as somewhere
During a landmark trial at the International Criminal Court
an Islamist militant has admitted to destroying cultural
He was accused of leading rebel forces who destroyed historic
shrines at the world heritage site in Mali during 2012.
Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi said he was deeply remorseful and urged
An effort to destroy culture and community, described as an assault
on human dignity. These blows were condemned by the global community
and yet this is the first time someone has been tried at an
international court for destroying cultural heritage. The butler was
once the International heart of Africa. -- Timbuktu. It was overrun
by Islamist militants in 24. Al-Mahdi and his so-called Morality
Police. But now international rule has caught up with him and in
another first for the courts, he pleaded for forgiveness.
TRANSLATION: With deep regret and pain, I have two enter a guilty
plea. All charges against me are accurate and correct. I am really
sorry and a really remorseful and I regret or damage that I have caused
the community in Timbuktu, my family and my country, Mali. His appearance
as a victory for court still struggling to convince its critics
it has the power to execute international justice. It has been a
remarkable day here at the ICC. The prosecutor told the court that
attacks on cultural heritage to become a weapon of war. She told the
sentence should act as a deterrent and a warning to others that the
destruction of cultural treasures would not be tolerated. By
eradicating the mausoleums, Mr al-Mahdi intentionally destroyed
something that is intangible and immeasurable. Mr al-Mahdi himself
comes from the region and as a result was fully aware of the
importance of the mausoleums and their significance to the city's
inhabitants. Such is the importance of these monuments, the prosecutor
says stonemasons in the region are considered human treasures. A number
of victims are to share their stories during the course of the
ICC's burst open and shut trial, which is expected to be over by the
end of this week. Now a look at some of
the day's other news. Turkey's Foreign Minister says
the Islamic State group must be - as he put it - completely cleansed
from Syria's northern Mevlut Cavusoglu was speaking amid
reports that Turkish-backed Syrian rebels are preparing
to try to capture the IS-held A wedding reception in Gazientep
was targeted and at least 50 people were killed -
the majority of them children. The sportswear company Speedo has
announced its ending its sponsorship The decision follows his claim
that he had been robbed at gunpoint in Rio, a story he later
admitted was 'overexaggerated'. An environmental debate
is raging in Alberta, Canada, over plans to get more "dirty oil"
out of the ground. Green campaign groups believe it's
not possible to increase production while hitting CO2 emissions targets,
but local politicians point to the industry's huge contribution
to Canada's economy as a reason The BBC's Stephen Sackur sent this
report from Alberta. In the remote north of Alberta is a
land of beers, Kerry blue, moose and oilmen. We're in the southern area,
we are heading to our facility. This is what a state-of-the-art oilfield
looks like. 400 metres down is a rich seam of oil which has to be
liquefied by steam. It is high energy, high emissions will
production. Critics call it extreme will not Canada is the and to tap
it. -- extreme oil. Oil is too good to be needed, we're still continued
renewables, all forms of energy. Put McMurray is the tar sands boom town.
But in May, whole neighbourhoods were incinerated in a ferocious
world far they called the beast. This is what the beast (. -- left
behind. Hannay is the beginning in any two bedroomed house. The fire
fuelled a fierce argument. Is man made climate change making national
Hollande natural disasters like wildfire is more frequent and
severe' will Canada to get back on its vast reserves? The current walk
away from this massive resource? It's not just Greenpeace saying
that, the International energy agency saying three quarters of all
remaining fossil fuel reserves need to remain in the ground. Climate
change will test our intelligence, our compassion and our floor. Canada
has new Prime Minister, he went to the UN to sign the Paris climate
accord. Canada is now committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions 30%
by 2030. But the oil brings Canada big money. You see it in Calgary
where the oil companies have their offices. The politicians in Canada
won't hold the tar sands oil Russia even if it means allow the industry
to increase its emissions by almost half. In the short to medium term,
at 20% of Canadian GDP, it relies on Alberta's oil and gas industry. Do
you worry that here in Alberta, you are part of a problem which is going
to cost Canada the Earth in terms of international reputation? I think
what we're doing here is taking the first steps on the continent and in
the industrialised world to recognise that we have a problem and
take actions on it. We are leaders in that way and I will make no
apologies for it. Canada doesn't want to be seen as one of the
world's polluting powers but if it insists on pumping out every
tropical tar sands oil it's a label which might just stick. -- every
drop of tar sands oil. The idea that the next generation
will be better off than the one before has always been a powerful
part of the American Dream. According to a new survey
by the Pew Research Center, a majority of Americans actually
think the future will be worse. It's a pessimistic view that
Donald Trump has been tapping This week we'll be hearing
from a number of families but we start with Scott Wilson
and his son who live People here always have pride in
what they do, we have a name for making good furniture. The supported
communities through my lifetime, my grandparents, my father for a time,
it has changed a lot over the years. I have two children, Luke has asked
me from time to time about what I would recommend him to do, my advice
to him was get on education and look elsewhere. When the factories
started to close and I saw that people were starting to lose hope in
the manufacturing business, that was definitely a breaking point for me,
I knew there was a possibility that I had no future. Nearly 80% of the
people here have worked at some point in the factory industry.
Starting in 2001, actor is closed at a rate of two a year -- factories
closed. A lot of the younger helpers left town and is doing different
jobs now. It's nothing like I remember, the last time I was stood
here, it was full of people, machinery and would, and it's empty.
It's real saddening to see. I'm currently in college studying
police administration, I want to help people, that's how I always
been. That went back to when I was little, seeing the cop car down the
road with the blue light flashing, wanting to know where they were
going. I would have really enjoyed having my son work with me and learn
what I know about the industry, about Woodward, what it does for the
community, there is a lot more to it than making a kitchen table or a
chair. Don't get me wrong, just cos I'm going to college doesn't mean
I'm not proud of where my family has come from and how hard they worked.
I want manufacturing business to succeed but it's obvious that the
way things are going right now, it's coming to a slow halt. If I were to
have children, I'm good to push them to do something different.
Well, for more on how generational issues are playing into the 2016 US
presidential election, I'm joined now by
Why aren't people feeling the benefits of the economy growing?
Between 2000 and 2010, six million manufacturing jobs were lost, that
overwhelmingly affect the working class people, people without college
degrees, like you saw in the report. It also overwhelmingly affect white
people because actually, African-Americans and Hispanics
tended not to have jobs in the new factory sector in the first place so
the people really being hit by this tectonic shift of white working
class men. We are hearing a lot about the importance of white
working class men to both campaigns. How are they reacting? It's going to
be adjusting to see how the campaigns manage to try to reassure
these people that they have a future -- be interesting. The truth is a
bit under college in America at the moment, your future doesn't look
great, it's harder to find jobs and wages in that sector have been
stagnant since the 1970s. Mr Trump has really appeal to that group of
people by attacking immigration, you said, the reason you're not doing so
well is because we have 70 immigrants, and both candidates have
appealed to those people by saying, it is because of free agreements --
because we have so many immigrants. Democrats hysterically admit to do
pretty well with working-class people. -- historically have managed
to do pretty well. After 17 days of highs and lows
at the Rio Olympics, the summer games have finally
crossed the finish line. A colourful closing ceremony
took place yesterday, with the Olympic flag being handed
over the next Summer And while it's still 4 years away,
Tokyo is already prepping for the 2020 games, as the BBC's
Rupert Wingfield-Hayes explains. For Japan's Olympic athletes, that
has been a very long flight back from Rio, nearly 24 hours. But in
four years, they will be staying at home and the rest of us will be
coming here. The first challenge for any Olympic traveller, getting to
the city. That means taking on Tokyo's slightly terrifying metro
system. Somehow I got to use this to get to the Olympic Park. I need a
transfer ticket. First, quit the tour to check out
the newest Olympic sport. Skateboarding is now officially
input Tokyo Twenty20, so will eternally young people like this
into Olympic fans? How do you feel about skateboarding in the Olympics?
Are you excited, are you going to go and watch? I am excited, but I
joined the Olympics in Japan. You want to join the Olympics on your
board? Excellent! Tokyo is expensive. So get ready for small, I
mean really small. For $40 a night, this can be yours. It's pretty cosy!
English is another big headache. This woman speaks on really well.
But in Japan, that still rare. I hear they need 75,000 English
speakers so I wonder, do you feel like you can get up your time for
free for the Olympics? It's possible, I can help. She's not an
Olympic fan. Last year she led a campaign to have the designed for
the Olympic Stadium radically changed and she won. What do you
think of the Olympic Stadium? I am not... Why not? Because we're
talking about it, the scale is too big, doesn't fit that area.
According to my map, it should be right here. There is nothing here.
They have got less than four years until July 24, Twenty20, so they had
better hurry up. The clock is ticking!
I can't believe we are already talking about Tokyo! King penguin at
a Scottish zoo has made all been made a Brigadier in the King of
Norway first-macro guard. How has that happened? The penguin was given
the honour by members of the guard performing at the Royal Edinburgh
Military Tattoo. Normally presented the zoo with its first king penguin
in 1913, three of the animals have been mascots of the Norwegian kings
guard since that intended to. Why they couldn't think of anything more
imaginative I do not know. Next, the weather.
But for now from me and the rest of the team goodbye.
There is a taste of summer once again for some of us over the next
few days. It's going to be hotting up, temperatures not far away from
30 degrees but as always, not everywhere will see the heat, some
areas seeing cloud and