24/08/2016 World News Today


24/08/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today reporting from

:00:09.:00:10.

A powerful earthquake strikes Italy - killing at least 120 people

:00:11.:00:16.

Rescue teams continue to scour the destruction for survivors.

:00:17.:00:23.

There is a risky going on in the rubble here. -- rescue. You can see

:00:24.:00:32.

right now they are bringing somebody out on a stretcher.

:00:33.:00:34.

The American University in Kabul confirms that a militant attack

:00:35.:00:37.

We'll get the latest from the Afghan capital.

:00:38.:00:39.

Ukraine marks 25 years of independence from the Soviet Union

:00:40.:00:42.

with a military parade in Kiev amid rising tensions

:00:43.:00:44.

the US National Parks Service is 100 years old.

:00:45.:00:54.

I visited an exhibition highlighting the splendour of America's

:00:55.:00:56.

A massive rescue effort is underway in Italy after an earthquake

:00:57.:01:13.

At least 120 people are dead and more than 150 others missing

:01:14.:01:19.

The tremor was so strong it was felt 170 kilometres away in Rome.

:01:20.:01:27.

A major rescue operation is still underway as the search

:01:28.:01:29.

The epicentre was near the town of Norcia in Umbria,

:01:30.:01:33.

The tremor was strong enough to be felt along the entire

:01:34.:01:38.

Among the worst hit places were the towns of Amatrice

:01:39.:01:42.

and Accumoli, and the village of Pescara del Tronto -

:01:43.:01:48.

said by the local mayor to no longer exist -

:01:49.:01:50.

Deep in the mountains, a piece of Italy has been destroyed.

:01:51.:02:10.

The residents of were about to celebrate

:02:11.:02:20.

a summer festival, and were hit as they slept.

:02:21.:02:22.

Through piles of rubble, rescue workers tried

:02:23.:02:24.

We have made it to the centre of Amatrice.

:02:25.:02:27.

There is a rescue going on in the rubble there.

:02:28.:02:29.

You can see, right now they are bringing out someone

:02:30.:02:32.

It looks like she is, which will be a huge relief

:02:33.:02:41.

The woman is being escorted down to an ambulance

:02:42.:02:48.

We also saw rescuers carry away a number of dead bodies,

:02:49.:02:56.

Many survivors were barely able to talk.

:02:57.:03:05.

It is hard to comprehend how your town can fall

:03:06.:03:07.

TRANSLATION: There is nothing left standing.

:03:08.:03:16.

I am so sorry for so many people that are under the rubble.

:03:17.:03:19.

And here, an official talks to a woman who is trapped.

:03:20.:03:37.

Stay calm, he tells her, we will come to get you.

:03:38.:03:49.

In Amatrice, Sister Marianna told us she was pulled from

:03:50.:03:51.

Some of her fellow sisters are still trapped.

:03:52.:03:56.

When I realised what happened I tried to hide myself

:03:57.:03:58.

This region is vulnerable to earthquakes, but no

:03:59.:04:09.

From above, the devastation of Amatrice is clear.

:04:10.:04:17.

It is too dangerous to take them inside Amatrice's damaged hospital.

:04:18.:04:31.

Their homes, their lives have collapsed around them.

:04:32.:04:45.

Let's talk to the Italian Red Cross. They are currently in the centre of

:04:46.:04:53.

Amatrice. These pictures show total ever station. The death toll is

:04:54.:04:58.

rising. How big is this operation? -- ever devastation. It reminds me

:04:59.:05:06.

of an apocalypse. There is destruction everywhere. It is very

:05:07.:05:16.

difficult in terms of logistics. We are still working around the clock

:05:17.:05:23.

in terms of the teams and we have now deployed a support team but

:05:24.:05:26.

there is still a lot of challenges. How quickly do you have to work?

:05:27.:05:34.

Presumably people are trapped under many layers of rubble. Actually as

:05:35.:05:43.

fast as possible. As Red Cross and the Italian protection umbrella, we

:05:44.:05:52.

respond to this type of emergency. Unfortunately, we have worked on a

:05:53.:05:56.

lot of earthquakes in the past. I am thinking in 2009, for instance. We

:05:57.:06:01.

knew the first hour after the earthquake was fundamental. This is

:06:02.:06:11.

why we have deployed hours after the first earthquake. You said you know

:06:12.:06:18.

people in Amatrice. Do you have any word about how they are doing and

:06:19.:06:26.

how are people coping in general? Actually, one of my best friends was

:06:27.:06:30.

here. I am thanking God he is alive. He ran away with his family from his

:06:31.:06:36.

apartment right after the building collapsed. The point is people are

:06:37.:06:44.

shocked. Shocked because this was under 42 seconds, really a, not

:06:45.:06:50.

really a long earthquake. You can imagine how difficult it is to live

:06:51.:06:56.

after an earthquake like this. The important thing I want to underline

:06:57.:07:00.

is that we have got a queue of people we are ready to help, ready

:07:01.:07:02.

to do something for their own community. In this tragedy there is

:07:03.:07:12.

a beautiful picture. Our thoughts are with you. Thank you very much.

:07:13.:07:18.

And we can go to Jenny Hill, who is also at the scene in Amatrice. With

:07:19.:07:24.

the latest death toll, we have 120. What are you hearing? Is there any

:07:25.:07:31.

update? Yes, in Amatrice itself we have been told 75 people have been

:07:32.:07:36.

killed and at least 100 are reported missing. Some are thought to be in

:07:37.:07:42.

this building behind me. This is a convent. It is thought nuns were

:07:43.:07:46.

inside when the earthquake hit in the early hours of the morning. A

:07:47.:07:50.

delicate operation is under way here. They are trying to make this

:07:51.:07:58.

building safe. Because just minutes ago, the rescue teams, who have

:07:59.:08:03.

tried to get into this building for most of the day, they think they

:08:04.:08:09.

heard some sign of life inside. The town fell silent every so often as

:08:10.:08:17.

rescue teams ask people to be quite as they shout into buildings were

:08:18.:08:21.

sniffer dogs indicate people might still be alive and they are asking

:08:22.:08:25.

if anyone is there. I would like to show you this. It has pretty much

:08:26.:08:29.

been destroyed, the end of the building, this is still the convent.

:08:30.:08:33.

A number of rescue teams were up here and the sniffer dogs were

:08:34.:08:37.

inside. We all fell quiet and somebody shouted, are you in there?

:08:38.:08:43.

If you can hear me, knock. Everyone was silent for a few moments and it

:08:44.:08:46.

sounded as though there is somebody inside. The rescue team is trying to

:08:47.:08:51.

work out how best to get to them. You can imagine the difficulty of

:08:52.:08:55.

the task ahead. This building is in a tricky state. We can only assume

:08:56.:09:00.

they are trying to shore it up and make it safe and take down the parts

:09:01.:09:05.

in danger of toppling. After the shocks, the ground shakes. These

:09:06.:09:10.

very precarious buildings will shake with it. The task ahead for the

:09:11.:09:14.

rescuers is not only challenging, but very dangerous. Still tonight,

:09:15.:09:20.

the light is fading. They hope they can still find people alive. Most of

:09:21.:09:25.

the people who live in the town have moved away down to a nearby sports

:09:26.:09:30.

centre where they can get some rest and sit and wait for news of loved

:09:31.:09:33.

ones. But a number of people are stood here, dazed, exhausted,

:09:34.:09:39.

watching as the emergency teams go about their very difficult job. They

:09:40.:09:45.

had just removed that window. Look at what is inside. That was once a

:09:46.:09:52.

room. Now it is filled with rubble. It was in their people were sleeping

:09:53.:09:55.

when the earthquake struck at half past three this morning. Very hard

:09:56.:10:00.

to imagine anybody is still alive. But we are told there is still hope.

:10:01.:10:04.

Jenny Hill with the latest in Amatrice. Horrific pictures here.

:10:05.:10:09.

Another earthquake, measuring six-point-eight,

:10:10.:10:10.

has struck the central region of Myanmar.

:10:11.:10:12.

The tremor was felt as far away as Bangkok in Thailand

:10:13.:10:14.

At least three people are reported to have died in the quake,

:10:15.:10:18.

Dozens of buildings have suffered damage, including some

:10:19.:10:21.

of the country's celebrated temples in the ancient city of Bagan.

:10:22.:10:24.

Photos posted online show clouds of dust and the tops

:10:25.:10:26.

A militant attack has been launched against the American University

:10:27.:10:38.

in the Afghan capital, Kabul.

:10:39.:10:39.

Attackers are said to have stormed the compound and accounts

:10:40.:10:42.

from the site say there's been at least one explosion

:10:43.:10:44.

Police are describing it as a "complex attack" and special

:10:45.:10:48.

Several students and professors, including Pulitzer Prize-winning

:10:49.:10:51.

photographer Massoud Hossain, are trapped inside and appealing

:10:52.:10:53.

Harun Najafizada of the BBC's Persian Service joins me

:10:54.:11:09.

What is the very latest? The situation is still developing. We

:11:10.:11:22.

know after 20 minutes of silence this series of sporadic gunshots

:11:23.:11:27.

restarted at the University in western Kabul. We know from sources

:11:28.:11:34.

at least 19 people have been wounded. They have been transferred

:11:35.:11:40.

to local hospitals, some here in the city. Afghanistan -- special forces

:11:41.:11:49.

are trying to carry out operations under the cover of the night. We

:11:50.:11:54.

know some American special advisers are here, a small number of them are

:11:55.:12:04.

advising on the operation to protect the campus from the militants. We do

:12:05.:12:09.

not know who they are because nobody has taken responsibility for the

:12:10.:12:14.

attack. This is the second attack this month. Two faculty were

:12:15.:12:20.

abducted this month. How vulnerable is this university? The security

:12:21.:12:26.

protocol and measures for the American University of Afghanistan

:12:27.:12:34.

is quite tight. Despite that, as you say, we had a report of abduction a

:12:35.:12:39.

couple of weeks ago of two officers, one American and one Australian. The

:12:40.:12:47.

gate to get to the Americans is quite tight and other security. But

:12:48.:12:57.

explosions like this we heard from police is a suicide bomb and it is

:12:58.:13:01.

difficult to defend. In spite of a tall wall of about five metres.

:13:02.:13:09.

There were so many students who tried to escape from the attack.

:13:10.:13:14.

Some climbing the wall. And as we speak some of them are still stuck

:13:15.:13:20.

in the situation. The ongoing situation there, the latest from

:13:21.:13:22.

Kabul. Thank you for joining us. Turkish-backed Syrian

:13:23.:13:28.

rebels say they've entered the Islamic State-held

:13:29.:13:29.

town of Jarablus. The attack began when Turkish tanks

:13:30.:13:30.

crossed the border at dawn - US planes carried out airstrikes

:13:31.:13:33.

supporting the operation. This

:13:34.:13:41.

footage from inside Jarablus shows through deserted streets -

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and bomb-damaged buildings. Rebel commanders say most

:13:43.:13:45.

of the IS fighters retreated, Meanwhile, US Vice President Joe

:13:46.:13:47.

Biden has become the highest-ranking Western official to visit Turkey

:13:48.:13:53.

since last month's failed coup. Mr Biden pledged unwavering support

:13:54.:13:55.

for Ankara and emphatically denied reports that Washington had

:13:56.:13:57.

supported the treasonous military. Mr Biden said the US

:13:58.:13:59.

was Turkey's greatest friend. The people of Turkey have no greater

:14:00.:14:15.

friends than the united states of America. I offer my personal

:14:16.:14:20.

condolences and those of the President to the people of Turkey.

:14:21.:14:25.

Not only for what they went through in the coup attempt, but shortly

:14:26.:14:34.

after that. Over 50 people murdered, apparently from what we are told, by

:14:35.:14:44.

Isis, suicide bombing. 28 or 29 young people under the age of 18

:14:45.:14:49.

were killed. The suffering of your people at the hands of Isis and PKK

:14:50.:14:58.

in the of your country is beyond what any people should have to

:14:59.:15:00.

sustain. For more I'm joined

:15:01.:15:05.

by Soner Cagaptay. He's the director of the Turkish

:15:06.:15:06.

program at the Washington Institute Emphatic words of support from Joe

:15:07.:15:18.

Biden for Turkey. Will the Turks be convinced? Relations are very

:15:19.:15:25.

strained. Better late than never, I think. I think the visit was

:15:26.:15:28.

delayed. The Turks wanted him there earlier, right after the coup. The

:15:29.:15:34.

mood in Turkey is very dark. They survived the coup plot. This was a

:15:35.:15:41.

bloodied coup. It was a factional uprising of the military. They not

:15:42.:15:44.

only went after the president and tried to assassinate him but also

:15:45.:15:47.

their own military and bombing the capital of the country. The last

:15:48.:15:53.

time the country came under attack was in 1402 when the armies occupied

:15:54.:15:57.

it. It is a big shock in Turkey. Turkey wanted to feel the American

:15:58.:16:04.

love and care and embrace. I'm happy to see Joe Biden is their hand is

:16:05.:16:09.

giving a warm embrace. One big sticking point is the Turkish

:16:10.:16:14.

government blames someone living in America. Joe Biden directly referred

:16:15.:16:20.

to that. He said the authorities were working together to look at

:16:21.:16:28.

excavation. -- extraditing. How much do they want him back? They both

:16:29.:16:33.

believe that he is 100% behind this coup plot. They have not yet

:16:34.:16:37.

presented evidence linking into it. But many Turkish analysts say

:16:38.:16:42.

officers aligned with the movement from the core were perhaps the

:16:43.:16:47.

backbone of the coup plot. Evidence to linking directly to the plot has

:16:48.:16:52.

not yet been presented. Where Joe Biden's visit comes in handy, he

:16:53.:16:56.

will explain to the Turkish president, the US has an independent

:16:57.:17:00.

court, unlike the Turkish one which is authoritarian. Turkey has to

:17:01.:17:08.

present a waterproof case to get the exhibition process. The best he can

:17:09.:17:12.

offer in Ankara is to convince him the White House is going to give a

:17:13.:17:15.

swift and thorough review to their request for extradition. And the

:17:16.:17:21.

Turkish operation inside Syria right now, how much more difficult this

:17:22.:17:28.

situation get? This is good news because Bagan -- Jarablus is a major

:17:29.:17:33.

crossing point into Syria with fighters in and out. This is really

:17:34.:17:36.

good news it has been captured by Turkey. I think this will really

:17:37.:17:41.

cripple Isis. Maybe it is the beginning of the end for this group.

:17:42.:17:46.

Turkey need good news right now to latch onto this and the capture of

:17:47.:17:49.

Jarablus with US backing is extremely good news. They certainly

:17:50.:17:51.

need that. Thank you. Ukraine has marked 25

:17:52.:17:56.

years of independence from the Soviet Union

:17:57.:17:57.

with its biggest ever Tanks, artillery, and other military

:17:58.:17:59.

hardware were on full display by Ukrainian troops

:18:00.:18:02.

in Kiev's Independence Square. The day carried added meaning

:18:03.:18:04.

because of the ongoing battles with rebels in the east

:18:05.:18:07.

of the country and Russia's Celebrations to mark 25

:18:08.:18:09.

years of independence from the Soviet Union

:18:10.:18:27.

are particularly poignant, given the fact Ukraine is undergoing a battle,

:18:28.:18:29.

if you like, for its sovereignty today, with the war in the east

:18:30.:18:32.

of the country and of course the First 20-something

:18:33.:18:36.

years, we were not totally independent,

:18:37.:18:47.

but kind of a satellite of Russia, While the last years, we are truly

:18:48.:18:49.

independent and we fight I think what we saw here

:18:50.:18:57.

today is that Ukraine is But we do need the world

:18:58.:19:06.

to recognise the sacrifice we are doing

:19:07.:19:09.

and the sacrifice really If Russia is permitted to take over

:19:10.:19:11.

Ukraine again, this is like World War II,

:19:12.:19:20.

it is appeasement all over again. The Ukrainian military was rebuilt

:19:21.:19:30.

after 2014, it was suffering back then

:19:31.:19:32.

from decades of neglect. Over the course of

:19:33.:19:35.

the past two years, Today is about putting that

:19:36.:19:37.

on display, sending a signal of And part of the intended audience

:19:38.:19:47.

is of course Moscow. Russia has got its own little

:19:48.:19:54.

problems, why don't Apart from spreading influence

:19:55.:19:56.

and empire building? Those days should have been

:19:57.:20:05.

gone by now. In my opinion Ukrainians

:20:06.:20:10.

became independent Up to then there was no

:20:11.:20:12.

movement in this country, no Since then, albeit

:20:13.:20:26.

slow, it is happening. We were brought up to want

:20:27.:20:33.

to realise a dream like the independence

:20:34.:20:36.

of Ukraine. We never thought we would see

:20:37.:20:37.

it in our lifetime. Now a look at some of

:20:38.:20:39.

the day's other news... Severe monsoon floods in northern

:20:40.:20:48.

and central India have now caused more than 150 deaths,

:20:49.:20:51.

according to the government. It says 2.4 million people

:20:52.:20:56.

are affected in the state The level of the river Ganges

:20:57.:21:00.

is continuing to rise. Tens of thousands of people

:21:01.:21:06.

are being sheltered in camps. One person has been killed and 30

:21:07.:21:08.

injured in two bomb explosions in the southern resort

:21:09.:21:11.

of Pattani in Thailand. The first blast, which

:21:12.:21:13.

was in a parking lot behind the Southern Hotel,

:21:14.:21:16.

didn't cause any casualties. The second explosion

:21:17.:21:18.

was near the hotel entrance, opposite a karaoke bar

:21:19.:21:20.

and a massage parlour. The world's largest aircraft has

:21:21.:21:25.

crashed during its second test flight since Boeing

:21:26.:21:31.

revamped in the UK. At 302 feet long, the Airlander

:21:32.:21:33.

10 is part plane, part It was damaged at its base

:21:34.:21:36.

in Bedfordshire this morning. Our transport correspondent

:21:37.:21:39.

Richard Westcott reports. The world's largest aircraft takes

:21:40.:21:43.

a long time to crash. Almost in slow motion,

:21:44.:21:47.

the pilot can't stop it The cockpit with the crew up front

:21:48.:21:49.

is clearly smashed up. For Angela, an enthusiast

:21:50.:22:00.

who shot this footage, Because you know, well you don't

:22:01.:22:05.

know if the people in there have If the ground crew are OK,

:22:06.:22:10.

just didn't know. Very shaken afterwards, I mean,

:22:11.:22:15.

I did shake when I was holding the camera trying to get

:22:16.:22:17.

the pictures of them, And I did say if anyone can hold

:22:18.:22:20.

it steadier than me, It went very quiet, the other people

:22:21.:22:23.

stood here went very quiet. Eyewitnesses here told me they saw

:22:24.:22:27.

sparks coming from the mooring rope But I understand that's not

:22:28.:22:31.

connected to the crash. There was no chance of a fireball

:22:32.:22:35.

because the Airlander is full of inert helium gas,

:22:36.:22:39.

not the explosive hydrogen gas of the famous old airships,

:22:40.:22:44.

like the Hindenburg. You might think airships

:22:45.:22:47.

are old technology, but many believe Using a third less fuel

:22:48.:22:50.

than a normal aeroplane, and able to stay in the air for days,

:22:51.:22:57.

they can carry huge cargoes This accident is an embarrassing

:22:58.:23:00.

setback on just its second test flight, but the company says

:23:01.:23:04.

Airlander should fly again soon. marks the 100th anniversary

:23:05.:23:20.

of the US National Parks Service. Some of the most famous sites

:23:21.:23:23.

include Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon, and of

:23:24.:23:25.

course the National Mall I went to the Smithsonian's

:23:26.:23:27.

Natural History Museum to visit a photo exhibition

:23:28.:23:30.

to celebrate the occasion. These are the gems in

:23:31.:23:33.

America's jewel box. The unrivalled landscapes

:23:34.:23:37.

from across the States that attract But this exhibition reveals another

:23:38.:23:39.

side of the National Parks. More than two-thirds of the system

:23:40.:23:46.

consists of cultural and historic sites that recount

:23:47.:23:48.

the nation's history. The Edmund Pettus Bridge

:23:49.:23:55.

is the story of one of the bloodiest The civil right marchers clashed

:23:56.:23:57.

with the police and the resulting violence actually was a shift

:23:58.:24:08.

in the civil rights movement because those images started

:24:09.:24:10.

to change the narrative in this country about civil rights,

:24:11.:24:13.

and about what was going on. The Edmund Pettus Bridge is part

:24:14.:24:18.

of the National Historic Trail. The National Parks also offer

:24:19.:24:25.

scientists a vast laboratory to study the nation's

:24:26.:24:27.

natural diversity. It is a partnership that dates

:24:28.:24:32.

from the 19th century when explorers of the American West brought back

:24:33.:24:35.

rocks from the volcanic The specimens that they carried back

:24:36.:24:38.

helped influence Congress to establish Yellowstone

:24:39.:24:45.

as the first national They were volcanic, they indicated

:24:46.:24:47.

that this land was not going to be good for agriculture

:24:48.:24:55.

or for mining, or for any So they set it aside

:24:56.:24:57.

for preservation. The National Parks even

:24:58.:25:03.

extend under water. There are diving trails

:25:04.:25:05.

in Florida's Biscayne Bay. But climate change is threatening

:25:06.:25:07.

many of these natural havens. We are seeing shifts in animal

:25:08.:25:13.

migratory patterns and habitats. In Fort Jefferson, for example,

:25:14.:25:16.

it sits right on the island and, as the sea-level rises,

:25:17.:25:19.

it is slowly going underwater. And funding remains

:25:20.:25:32.

another challenge. Investment is needed

:25:33.:25:34.

to preserve the existing parks, whilst securing new ones to keep

:25:35.:25:36.

pace with America's constantly Really stunning pictures. A powerful

:25:37.:25:55.

earthquake has struck central Italy, leaving at least 120 people dead and

:25:56.:26:00.

hundreds more injured. It had a magnitude of 6.2. The epicentre was

:26:01.:26:04.

between Rome and Marussia.

:26:05.:26:06.

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