25/08/2016 World News Today


25/08/2016

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Washington, I'm Jane O'Brien. Today Reporting from

:00:00.:00:17.

Rescue workers in Italy fight to save people from a powerful

:00:18.:00:26.

earthquake that has killed at least 250. Strong after-shocks are

:00:27.:00:27.

hampering recovery efforts. Just have a look over here. All that dust

:00:28.:00:31.

has been caused by Vinny after-shock. Turkey ramps up its

:00:32.:00:40.

offensive against so-called Islamic State, sending more tanks into

:00:41.:00:41.

Syria. A peace deal is finally

:00:42.:00:43.

reached in Colombia. More on the historic agreement

:00:44.:00:45.

struck between the Colombian Government and left-wing

:00:46.:00:46.

guerilla group, the FARC. And the BBC Pop Up team

:00:47.:00:48.

is in Russia, with a look at one small village's success in giving

:00:49.:00:52.

foster families Central Italy has been hit

:00:53.:00:53.

by a series of powerful They've hampered rescue

:00:54.:01:08.

teams on the ground who are racing to find survivors

:01:09.:01:15.

of Wednesday's earthquake. The number of people killed in towns

:01:16.:01:17.

near the epicentre has climbed The shallow 6.2 magnitude earthquake

:01:18.:01:22.

was centred between two small towns, Look at the town of Amatrice and see

:01:23.:01:27.

if you can find anywhere The quake damaged or destroyed

:01:28.:01:45.

much of its historic centre. This afternoon, there

:01:46.:01:48.

was a large after-shock. The ground has just shaken again

:01:49.:02:00.

here, and You will see all that dust has

:02:01.:02:09.

been caused We heard and we felt the entire

:02:10.:02:15.

tarmac here, This woman is still recovering

:02:16.:02:22.

from the quake itself. She and her family were sleeping at

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home when they felt the ground move. TRANSLATION: You can't

:02:32.:02:41.

understand it. It is as if you see

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the face of death. One girl underneath this rubble

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knows what that was like. Rescuers found her legs first

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Julia was trapped. and they pulled her out to

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cheers. This is what rescuers

:03:05.:03:11.

have to deal with. In the summer this area is full

:03:12.:03:17.

of foreign tourists, making it much harder

:03:18.:03:19.

to track who survived In Amatrice we watched

:03:20.:03:24.

rescuers search Two hours later they

:03:25.:03:27.

pulled out a body. This is what the loss

:03:28.:03:32.

of hope looks like. Relief workers, clearly

:03:33.:03:46.

exhausted, say it is It is so difficult,

:03:47.:03:48.

this man told me. The sniffer dogs are not

:03:49.:03:53.

finding anything. The youngest may have no idea

:03:54.:03:56.

a new temporary home in the park. what they

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have all just lived through. Jenny Hill is in the tiny village of

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Casale, near Amatrice. This is the tiny,

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historic hamlet of Casale. It's one of dozens dotted

:04:25.:04:26.

around the countryside. Tiny, very old places,

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idyllic places. Rescue teams who have been working

:04:31.:04:31.

here throughout the day, overnight, tell us that 15 people

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lost their lives pulling bodies from

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the wreckage of these homes. In fact, the last

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of those bodies has only just been loaded

:04:46.:04:47.

onto a trolley and taken away. It is extraordinarily distressing

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work for the rescue workers. It's not long since there

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was a violent after-shock which went on for several seconds,

:04:56.:05:01.

knocking people off their feet. It's unnerving if you are just

:05:02.:05:05.

experiencing it, but imagine being amongst these partially

:05:06.:05:08.

collapsed, unstable It's a very difficult job

:05:09.:05:09.

for the rescuers and this region They are still dealing with these

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terrible after-shocks and at some point, of course, they are

:05:16.:05:29.

going to have to clean up I think Casale is really very

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striking because when you look at these houses here,

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you really get the sense of an idyllic place,

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somewhere where people go to relax, Turkey has sent more tanks

:05:39.:05:40.

into Syria today as part of its offensive against so-called

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Islamic State. It's Turkey's biggest intervention

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in Syria's five-year war, and with the help of Syrian rebels

:06:00.:06:01.

has focused so far on the former

:06:02.:06:03.

IS stronghold of Jarabulus. Today the BBC obtained dramatic

:06:04.:06:05.

pictures of the assault. From the border, our Turkey

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correspondent Mark Lowen Savouring the liberation

:06:08.:06:09.

from jihadists. "The heroes are inside Jarabulus,"

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says a rebel soldier. Exclusive pictures showing Syrian

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fighters entering a stronghold The offensive began yesterday

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morning. Syrian rebels backed by Turkey

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preparing for battle. The aim, to push Islamic State out

:06:40.:06:43.

of the key border town that But Turkey had another target, too,

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its commander telling fighters, "Kurdish separatists

:06:47.:06:54.

have emptied Arab towns Pushing back the Kurds was a Turkish

:06:55.:06:57.

priority in the offensive. Turkish tanks launched

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the operation, firing first from Turkey before crossing

:07:10.:07:11.

over the border. That paved way for a ground

:07:12.:07:15.

offensive by hundreds of rebel soldiers,

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meeting limited resistance. Villagers along the way were barren,

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emptied by Islamic State. We will never know what happened

:07:20.:07:28.

to the residents. Here, a fighter orders

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buildings and cars searched And then they reached it, a

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triumphant entrance into Jarabulus. The infamous Islamic State black

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once marked their vicious rule but they seem to have withdrawn

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even before the assault. "In the name of Allah, we promised

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and we kept our promise," he says. Jarabulus has been completely

:08:02.:08:05.

liberated, people But which people?

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The town looks deserted. And so Islamic State has been

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cleared with the warning Victory is sweet, but fierce

:08:12.:08:13.

battles lie ahead. Well, as the fight against

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Islamic State continues, conditions inside Syria

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are growing worse. Russia has agreed to a 48 hour

:08:29.:08:31.

humanitarian cease fire to enable aid to reach two million

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people in Aleppo. For more on the situation,

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I'm joined by PJ Crowley, former US State

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Department spokesman. Why has it taken so long when some

:08:39.:08:49.

of the most distressing images have been coming out of Aleppo, to agree

:08:50.:08:59.

to this 48-hour window? You have to look at it more broadly. We have

:09:00.:09:02.

defined the conflict in terms of Islamic State. But this is easily a

:09:03.:09:08.

10- sided conflict. It makes it very difficult even to define what the

:09:09.:09:13.

Syrian civil war is about and how to manage what is happening on the

:09:14.:09:18.

ground right now and to get to an acceptable, political solution that

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every one of the protagonists inside Syria can live with. And the reality

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is, we are talking about Aleppo, talking about the prospective peace

:09:28.:09:31.

agreement, talking about Jarabulus, the dynamic inside Syria, the key

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players are jockeying to try to obtain as much control of territory

:09:39.:09:42.

as they can to influence that the eventual solution. And the key

:09:43.:09:47.

example as you have just heard is Jarabulus. Here, you have the Turks

:09:48.:09:53.

fighting the Kurds, who have been an ally of the US. What is the US

:09:54.:09:59.

priority right now? It is to defeat Islamic State and eliminate the

:10:00.:10:03.

caliphate, but for a country like Turkey how that is accomplished

:10:04.:10:10.

matters profoundly. Around Jarabulus you have two Kurdish enclaves, the

:10:11.:10:14.

Kurdish allies of the US, if you will. They would love to consolidate

:10:15.:10:20.

and on planes that would give them a stronger position when it does come

:10:21.:10:24.

to an eventual negotiation. That is highly problematic for the Turks.

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Because the key ally of the United States who has done the most, who

:10:30.:10:37.

has been most effective is the PKK, and also the PKK, there's been a

:10:38.:10:42.

long-standing confrontation between them and the Turkish government. The

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reality on the ground is that we're going to see these collisions of

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interest for some time. Absolutely. What round is there for the next

:10:54.:10:57.

round of peace talks when Sergei Lavrov meets John Kerry in Geneva?

:10:58.:11:02.

It is important to try to plough the ground that is there and to reach

:11:03.:11:09.

understandings when you can, but fundamentally, at the dynamic on the

:11:10.:11:14.

ground when it supports a political negotiation in my mind, tragically,

:11:15.:11:17.

for Syria, we still have weeks, months, perhaps even years before

:11:18.:11:22.

the situation on the ground clarifies to the extent that a rule

:11:23.:11:26.

negotiated solution becomes plausible.

:11:27.:11:29.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:11:30.:11:31.

Myanmar's President, Utin Chaw, has visited one of the country's

:11:32.:11:34.

most significant heritage sites, damaged by a powerful

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Some of the centuries-old pagodas and temples in the ancient

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city of Bagan were hit by the 6.8 magnitude quake.

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It shook buildings across the country, and tremors were felt

:11:43.:11:44.

as far away as Thailand, Bangladesh and eastern India.

:11:45.:11:52.

The impeachment trial of suspended Brazilian President

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She's accused of tampering with the budget

:11:58.:12:00.

saying she's the victim of a political coup.

:12:01.:12:06.

The Senate is hearing from witnesses.

:12:07.:12:08.

Ms Rousseff will start her defence in person on Monday.

:12:09.:12:13.

The world's first self-driving taxis have started picking up

:12:14.:12:15.

A US based start-up firm, Nu-Tonomy, is offering the service and plans

:12:16.:12:21.

to start with six cars for now, growing to around 12

:12:22.:12:23.

Uber is planning a very similar project to be launched in Pittsburgh

:12:24.:12:30.

After a half century of civil war, Colombia's government has reached

:12:31.:12:35.

a historic peace agreement with the left-wing FARC rebel group.

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The announcement came after nearly four years of negotiations.

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Details of the deal will now go before the Colombian

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parliament and a referendum is expected in October.

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Natalio Cosoy reports from the Colombian capital, Bogota.

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After many years of fighting, kidnapping and war, and four years

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of negotiations with the FARC rebels, the Colombian president

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finally had some good news. TRANSLATION: Today, we can finally

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say that everything is agreed upon thanks to the titanic efforts of the

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delegates at the negotiating table, the final pending matters were

:13:26.:13:30.

agreed upon. The conflict, which began in 1964, has fuelled more than

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260,000 people -- killed. Uprooted almost 7 million, and left 45,000

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missing. The illegal trade in cocaine has fuelled the conflict,

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but has been funding the FARC rebels and drawing other groups into one of

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the most protracted conflicts in the world. In the capital city, Bogota,

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Colombia 's took to the streets to celebrate the historic peace deal.

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TRANSLATION: This announcement is important for Colombians. Most of us

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have been born in a country at war and this offers a way of hope, and

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the chance of a bright future. TRANSLATION: It is very moving. My

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father and grandparents have been victims of the violence. Giving is a

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chance as a society is very exciting. Everyone here is a firm

:14:24.:14:31.

supporter of the peace process but there are many in Colombia who are

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wary of these agreements and feel that they could give impunity to the

:14:37.:14:44.

rebels. It will be signed up to a vote in October if they approve the

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agreements, and there is finally peace with the FARC in Colombia. For

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now, roughly 7000 FARC Green-Ellis in the jungles and plains of the

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Andes are resting their guns, and after the war, they people are

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beginning to enjoy other pursuits. We have reports that an American

:15:15.:15:18.

Navy ship has filed three warning shots after an Iranian vessel made

:15:19.:15:23.

an approach at sea. This happened between the Gulf of Oman and the

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Persian Gulf. According to the US defence official, the Iranians

:15:29.:15:31.

vessel carried out unsafe, unprofessional manoeuvres. This was

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after the US reported a similar incident with an Iranian vessel on

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Wednesday. The British government has

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restated its goal of cutting the number of migrants coming

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into the country to New, official figures reveal

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that the figure remains 327,000 more people came to the UK

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than left, in the year to March. Cutting migration from EU countries

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is a key aim for British officials On a farm in Kent, Bulgarians

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and Romanians help produce strawberries for high street

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supermarkets - evidence of how EU migration has grown to support

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substantial parts of the UK economy. The Government interprets the Brexit

:16:17.:16:21.

vote as a clear mandate to reduce net migration down to the tens

:16:22.:16:26.

of thousands, but as yet there is no clear strategy

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as to how they'll achieve it, I'm very concerned that we might not

:16:32.:16:34.

have sufficient labour post-Brexit, and I'd like the Government to fully

:16:35.:16:38.

engage with agriculture and horticulture to get a visa

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restricted work scheme in place so we have enough people

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to harvest our crops. There have been suggestions that

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Britain might expand its Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme for low

:16:54.:16:55.

skilled EU migrants, an idea that would prevent people

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like Cesar from staying on after the harvest

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is safely gathered in. Well, my plan now is to carry

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on into the winter, and after It's not just

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agriculture, of course. If Theresa May is serious

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about reducing net migration by two-thirds, Britain is going to have

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to adapt to potential labour shortages in the hospitality sector,

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in the care sector, in construction, A report today calculates that

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5% of all health service staff in England are EU migrants,

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one in ten doctors, warning that the NHS could face

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collapse unless a way is found to retain European staff,

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but the Government is suggesting a shift away from our addiction

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to cheap foreign labour. It's not just doctors

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and professionals. A lot of the sort of jobs

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we need in the economy, we don't have the skills,

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and I think the challenge for us is through the apprenticeship

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programme, through that they go on the train

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to make sure British people This part of Kent voted

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overwhelmingly for Brexit, so what do the people of Rochester

:18:04.:18:06.

think UK immigration policy I think they should all go back

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to where they belong, really. Our country is ruined

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now, isn't it? There are no houses for us,

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there are no jobs. I'd like them to do

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what we voted for, really, which is to make it much lower,

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much fairer, and a points-based The people who come over here,

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they are working in the nursing homes, they are working

:18:26.:18:30.

in the health sector, they are doing jobs we don't want to do,

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ie cleaning or whatever it may Absolutely, I think we should let

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in the majority of them. The Brexit vote didn't resolve

:18:39.:18:44.

the immigration debate. If anything, it has prompted

:18:45.:18:46.

new and vital arguments. Well, now to politics

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here in the United States. Republican presidential nominee

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Donald Trump is making a push Earlier today he held a round-table

:18:56.:18:58.

event at his New York offices Mr Trump is trying to win over these

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voters, who polls show overwhelmingly support

:19:07.:19:11.

Democrat Hillary Clinton. Yesterday at a rally in Jackson,

:19:12.:19:15.

Mississippi, the Republican nominee had strong words for his Democrat

:19:16.:19:25.

rival, saying she is not a champion Hillary Clinton is a bigot, who sees

:19:26.:19:28.

people of colour only as votes, not as human beings

:19:29.:19:37.

worthy of a better future. She's going to do nothing

:19:38.:19:41.

for African-Americans. She's going to do nothing

:19:42.:19:45.

for the Hispanics. Strong words, there. But Hillary

:19:46.:20:02.

Clinton enjoys vast support from minorities, so why is he calling her

:20:03.:20:10.

a bigot? It is out of the traditional play but to attack a

:20:11.:20:14.

candidate at their strength. This is a strength of Hillary Clinton. She

:20:15.:20:18.

has vast support among minority voters. It is blunt language, but it

:20:19.:20:22.

is not surprising that he's trying to damage her a little bit. You

:20:23.:20:27.

don't go after the Uighurs, you go after where they are strongest. This

:20:28.:20:31.

is usually done by surrogates and not by the candidate themselves.

:20:32.:20:38.

When George W Bush went after John Kerry, he had someone else, after

:20:39.:20:42.

his world record instead of seeing it himself. What about Donald Trump

:20:43.:20:46.

's Mac stance on immigration was Jarabulus lots of people he seems to

:20:47.:20:51.

be backpedalling from his original stance, that he should build a wall

:20:52.:20:56.

and kick everybody out? He has quit talking about the wall. He says that

:20:57.:21:01.

it will still be built. But sending people out of the country? That is

:21:02.:21:08.

softening. He says there are people here who have been here for ten

:21:09.:21:12.

years, they are not all bad. He is realising that he just can't do

:21:13.:21:16.

that. It would cost too much money and would break up families. The

:21:17.:21:20.

question is whether his core base of support will be on board with him on

:21:21.:21:24.

that. They see him as a central part of his message. They see that

:21:25.:21:31.

they're out to get the average working both because of trade deals

:21:32.:21:36.

and immigration and if he backs off on immigration that could call into

:21:37.:21:39.

question all of this. And I don't think that they are going to buy a

:21:40.:21:43.

couple of lines in a speech after he spent an entire year talking about

:21:44.:21:48.

how he wants to crack down on Hispanic voters. Will all this back

:21:49.:21:51.

and forth have any affect on the boat on the day? We have two one

:21:52.:21:56.

half months until the vote. That is the big question. Right now, we hear

:21:57.:22:03.

some Hispanic supporters say, we are looking at his track record. He may

:22:04.:22:08.

be having a moment where he is realising how impractical this is,

:22:09.:22:12.

but also, he's looking at the opinion polls and seen the bottom

:22:13.:22:15.

dropping out of the Hispanic vote. He's decided he needs to do

:22:16.:22:18.

something to address it. That doesn't seem to have done it. Thank

:22:19.:22:21.

you very much. Now to Russia, where the BBC Pop Up

:22:22.:22:23.

team is once again covering the stories you the viewers

:22:24.:22:26.

have asked for. The country has long struggled

:22:27.:22:28.

with overcrowded children's homes and a large number of orphans

:22:29.:22:30.

in need of care. But for more than a decade,

:22:31.:22:33.

a small village south of Moscow has been experimenting

:22:34.:22:36.

with what the founders think may be a novel solution to support both

:22:37.:22:38.

foster children and the families We go into orphanages,

:22:39.:22:41.

and try to find children who would With from 5-3 children

:22:42.:23:30.

in every family, foster If they want to be

:23:31.:23:46.

inside the family. It's a very unusual

:23:47.:24:02.

way of taking care of There was no tradition

:24:03.:24:07.

in Soviet times. And there was absolutely no

:24:08.:25:04.

tradition of fostering. Something is changing

:25:05.:25:23.

in the brains of people. A quick reminder of the main news.

:25:24.:25:44.

Rescue workers in Italy are racing to save survivors from a powerful

:25:45.:25:47.

earthquake that has killed at least 250 people. Dozens are believed to

:25:48.:25:52.

still be trapped, as strong after-shocks hinder recovery

:25:53.:25:53.

efforts. But for now, from me Jane O'Brien

:25:54.:25:55.

and the rest of the team, goodbye. Hello there, some heavy, thundery

:25:56.:26:09.

downpours rumbling across the country at the moment. But they will

:26:10.:26:15.

clear through and tomorrow should be a fine

:26:16.:26:17.

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