25/08/2016 World News Today


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Washington, I'm Jane O'Brien. Today Reporting from


Rescue workers in Italy fight to save people from a powerful


earthquake that has killed at least 250. Strong after-shocks are


hampering recovery efforts. Just have a look over here. All that dust


has been caused by Vinny after-shock. Turkey ramps up its


offensive against so-called Islamic State, sending more tanks into


Syria. A peace deal is finally


reached in Colombia. More on the historic agreement


struck between the Colombian Government and left-wing


guerilla group, the FARC. And the BBC Pop Up team


is in Russia, with a look at one small village's success in giving


foster families Central Italy has been hit


by a series of powerful They've hampered rescue


teams on the ground who are racing to find survivors


of Wednesday's earthquake. The number of people killed in towns


near the epicentre has climbed The shallow 6.2 magnitude earthquake


was centred between two small towns, Look at the town of Amatrice and see


if you can find anywhere The quake damaged or destroyed


much of its historic centre. This afternoon, there


was a large after-shock. The ground has just shaken again


here, and You will see all that dust has


been caused We heard and we felt the entire


tarmac here, This woman is still recovering


from the quake itself. She and her family were sleeping at


home when they felt the ground move. TRANSLATION: You can't


understand it. It is as if you see


the face of death. One girl underneath this rubble


knows what that was like. Rescuers found her legs first


Julia was trapped. and they pulled her out to


cheers. This is what rescuers


have to deal with. In the summer this area is full


of foreign tourists, making it much harder


to track who survived In Amatrice we watched


rescuers search Two hours later they


pulled out a body. This is what the loss


of hope looks like. Relief workers, clearly


exhausted, say it is It is so difficult,


this man told me. The sniffer dogs are not


finding anything. The youngest may have no idea


a new temporary home in the park. what they


have all just lived through. Jenny Hill is in the tiny village of


Casale, near Amatrice. This is the tiny,


historic hamlet of Casale. It's one of dozens dotted


around the countryside. Tiny, very old places,


idyllic places. Rescue teams who have been working


here throughout the day, overnight, tell us that 15 people


lost their lives pulling bodies from


the wreckage of these homes. In fact, the last


of those bodies has only just been loaded


onto a trolley and taken away. It is extraordinarily distressing


work for the rescue workers. It's not long since there


was a violent after-shock which went on for several seconds,


knocking people off their feet. It's unnerving if you are just


experiencing it, but imagine being amongst these partially


collapsed, unstable It's a very difficult job


for the rescuers and this region They are still dealing with these


terrible after-shocks and at some point, of course, they are


going to have to clean up I think Casale is really very


striking because when you look at these houses here,


you really get the sense of an idyllic place,


somewhere where people go to relax, Turkey has sent more tanks


into Syria today as part of its offensive against so-called


Islamic State. It's Turkey's biggest intervention


in Syria's five-year war, and with the help of Syrian rebels


has focused so far on the former


IS stronghold of Jarabulus. Today the BBC obtained dramatic


pictures of the assault. From the border, our Turkey


correspondent Mark Lowen Savouring the liberation


from jihadists. "The heroes are inside Jarabulus,"


says a rebel soldier. Exclusive pictures showing Syrian


fighters entering a stronghold The offensive began yesterday


morning. Syrian rebels backed by Turkey


preparing for battle. The aim, to push Islamic State out


of the key border town that But Turkey had another target, too,


its commander telling fighters, "Kurdish separatists


have emptied Arab towns Pushing back the Kurds was a Turkish


priority in the offensive. Turkish tanks launched


the operation, firing first from Turkey before crossing


over the border. That paved way for a ground


offensive by hundreds of rebel soldiers,


meeting limited resistance. Villagers along the way were barren,


emptied by Islamic State. We will never know what happened


to the residents. Here, a fighter orders


buildings and cars searched And then they reached it, a


triumphant entrance into Jarabulus. The infamous Islamic State black


once marked their vicious rule but they seem to have withdrawn


even before the assault. "In the name of Allah, we promised


and we kept our promise," he says. Jarabulus has been completely


liberated, people But which people?


The town looks deserted. And so Islamic State has been


cleared with the warning Victory is sweet, but fierce


battles lie ahead. Well, as the fight against


Islamic State continues, conditions inside Syria


are growing worse. Russia has agreed to a 48 hour


humanitarian cease fire to enable aid to reach two million


people in Aleppo. For more on the situation,


I'm joined by PJ Crowley, former US State


Department spokesman. Why has it taken so long when some


of the most distressing images have been coming out of Aleppo, to agree


to this 48-hour window? You have to look at it more broadly. We have


defined the conflict in terms of Islamic State. But this is easily a


10- sided conflict. It makes it very difficult even to define what the


Syrian civil war is about and how to manage what is happening on the


ground right now and to get to an acceptable, political solution that


every one of the protagonists inside Syria can live with. And the reality


is, we are talking about Aleppo, talking about the prospective peace


agreement, talking about Jarabulus, the dynamic inside Syria, the key


players are jockeying to try to obtain as much control of territory


as they can to influence that the eventual solution. And the key


example as you have just heard is Jarabulus. Here, you have the Turks


fighting the Kurds, who have been an ally of the US. What is the US


priority right now? It is to defeat Islamic State and eliminate the


caliphate, but for a country like Turkey how that is accomplished


matters profoundly. Around Jarabulus you have two Kurdish enclaves, the


Kurdish allies of the US, if you will. They would love to consolidate


and on planes that would give them a stronger position when it does come


to an eventual negotiation. That is highly problematic for the Turks.


Because the key ally of the United States who has done the most, who


has been most effective is the PKK, and also the PKK, there's been a


long-standing confrontation between them and the Turkish government. The


reality on the ground is that we're going to see these collisions of


interest for some time. Absolutely. What round is there for the next


round of peace talks when Sergei Lavrov meets John Kerry in Geneva?


It is important to try to plough the ground that is there and to reach


understandings when you can, but fundamentally, at the dynamic on the


ground when it supports a political negotiation in my mind, tragically,


for Syria, we still have weeks, months, perhaps even years before


the situation on the ground clarifies to the extent that a rule


negotiated solution becomes plausible.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


Myanmar's President, Utin Chaw, has visited one of the country's


most significant heritage sites, damaged by a powerful


Some of the centuries-old pagodas and temples in the ancient


city of Bagan were hit by the 6.8 magnitude quake.


It shook buildings across the country, and tremors were felt


as far away as Thailand, Bangladesh and eastern India.


The impeachment trial of suspended Brazilian President


She's accused of tampering with the budget


saying she's the victim of a political coup.


The Senate is hearing from witnesses.


Ms Rousseff will start her defence in person on Monday.


The world's first self-driving taxis have started picking up


A US based start-up firm, Nu-Tonomy, is offering the service and plans


to start with six cars for now, growing to around 12


Uber is planning a very similar project to be launched in Pittsburgh


After a half century of civil war, Colombia's government has reached


a historic peace agreement with the left-wing FARC rebel group.


The announcement came after nearly four years of negotiations.


Details of the deal will now go before the Colombian


parliament and a referendum is expected in October.


Natalio Cosoy reports from the Colombian capital, Bogota.


After many years of fighting, kidnapping and war, and four years


of negotiations with the FARC rebels, the Colombian president


finally had some good news. TRANSLATION: Today, we can finally


say that everything is agreed upon thanks to the titanic efforts of the


delegates at the negotiating table, the final pending matters were


agreed upon. The conflict, which began in 1964, has fuelled more than


260,000 people -- killed. Uprooted almost 7 million, and left 45,000


missing. The illegal trade in cocaine has fuelled the conflict,


but has been funding the FARC rebels and drawing other groups into one of


the most protracted conflicts in the world. In the capital city, Bogota,


Colombia 's took to the streets to celebrate the historic peace deal.


TRANSLATION: This announcement is important for Colombians. Most of us


have been born in a country at war and this offers a way of hope, and


the chance of a bright future. TRANSLATION: It is very moving. My


father and grandparents have been victims of the violence. Giving is a


chance as a society is very exciting. Everyone here is a firm


supporter of the peace process but there are many in Colombia who are


wary of these agreements and feel that they could give impunity to the


rebels. It will be signed up to a vote in October if they approve the


agreements, and there is finally peace with the FARC in Colombia. For


now, roughly 7000 FARC Green-Ellis in the jungles and plains of the


Andes are resting their guns, and after the war, they people are


beginning to enjoy other pursuits. We have reports that an American


Navy ship has filed three warning shots after an Iranian vessel made


an approach at sea. This happened between the Gulf of Oman and the


Persian Gulf. According to the US defence official, the Iranians


vessel carried out unsafe, unprofessional manoeuvres. This was


after the US reported a similar incident with an Iranian vessel on


Wednesday. The British government has


restated its goal of cutting the number of migrants coming


into the country to New, official figures reveal


that the figure remains 327,000 more people came to the UK


than left, in the year to March. Cutting migration from EU countries


is a key aim for British officials On a farm in Kent, Bulgarians


and Romanians help produce strawberries for high street


supermarkets - evidence of how EU migration has grown to support


substantial parts of the UK economy. The Government interprets the Brexit


vote as a clear mandate to reduce net migration down to the tens


of thousands, but as yet there is no clear strategy


as to how they'll achieve it, I'm very concerned that we might not


have sufficient labour post-Brexit, and I'd like the Government to fully


engage with agriculture and horticulture to get a visa


restricted work scheme in place so we have enough people


to harvest our crops. There have been suggestions that


Britain might expand its Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme for low


skilled EU migrants, an idea that would prevent people


like Cesar from staying on after the harvest


is safely gathered in. Well, my plan now is to carry


on into the winter, and after It's not just


agriculture, of course. If Theresa May is serious


about reducing net migration by two-thirds, Britain is going to have


to adapt to potential labour shortages in the hospitality sector,


in the care sector, in construction, A report today calculates that


5% of all health service staff in England are EU migrants,


one in ten doctors, warning that the NHS could face


collapse unless a way is found to retain European staff,


but the Government is suggesting a shift away from our addiction


to cheap foreign labour. It's not just doctors


and professionals. A lot of the sort of jobs


we need in the economy, we don't have the skills,


and I think the challenge for us is through the apprenticeship


programme, through that they go on the train


to make sure British people This part of Kent voted


overwhelmingly for Brexit, so what do the people of Rochester


think UK immigration policy I think they should all go back


to where they belong, really. Our country is ruined


now, isn't it? There are no houses for us,


there are no jobs. I'd like them to do


what we voted for, really, which is to make it much lower,


much fairer, and a points-based The people who come over here,


they are working in the nursing homes, they are working


in the health sector, they are doing jobs we don't want to do,


ie cleaning or whatever it may Absolutely, I think we should let


in the majority of them. The Brexit vote didn't resolve


the immigration debate. If anything, it has prompted


new and vital arguments. Well, now to politics


here in the United States. Republican presidential nominee


Donald Trump is making a push Earlier today he held a round-table


event at his New York offices Mr Trump is trying to win over these


voters, who polls show overwhelmingly support


Democrat Hillary Clinton. Yesterday at a rally in Jackson,


Mississippi, the Republican nominee had strong words for his Democrat


rival, saying she is not a champion Hillary Clinton is a bigot, who sees


people of colour only as votes, not as human beings


worthy of a better future. She's going to do nothing


for African-Americans. She's going to do nothing


for the Hispanics. Strong words, there. But Hillary


Clinton enjoys vast support from minorities, so why is he calling her


a bigot? It is out of the traditional play but to attack a


candidate at their strength. This is a strength of Hillary Clinton. She


has vast support among minority voters. It is blunt language, but it


is not surprising that he's trying to damage her a little bit. You


don't go after the Uighurs, you go after where they are strongest. This


is usually done by surrogates and not by the candidate themselves.


When George W Bush went after John Kerry, he had someone else, after


his world record instead of seeing it himself. What about Donald Trump


's Mac stance on immigration was Jarabulus lots of people he seems to


be backpedalling from his original stance, that he should build a wall


and kick everybody out? He has quit talking about the wall. He says that


it will still be built. But sending people out of the country? That is


softening. He says there are people here who have been here for ten


years, they are not all bad. He is realising that he just can't do


that. It would cost too much money and would break up families. The


question is whether his core base of support will be on board with him on


that. They see him as a central part of his message. They see that


they're out to get the average working both because of trade deals


and immigration and if he backs off on immigration that could call into


question all of this. And I don't think that they are going to buy a


couple of lines in a speech after he spent an entire year talking about


how he wants to crack down on Hispanic voters. Will all this back


and forth have any affect on the boat on the day? We have two one


half months until the vote. That is the big question. Right now, we hear


some Hispanic supporters say, we are looking at his track record. He may


be having a moment where he is realising how impractical this is,


but also, he's looking at the opinion polls and seen the bottom


dropping out of the Hispanic vote. He's decided he needs to do


something to address it. That doesn't seem to have done it. Thank


you very much. Now to Russia, where the BBC Pop Up


team is once again covering the stories you the viewers


have asked for. The country has long struggled


with overcrowded children's homes and a large number of orphans


in need of care. But for more than a decade,


a small village south of Moscow has been experimenting


with what the founders think may be a novel solution to support both


foster children and the families We go into orphanages,


and try to find children who would With from 5-3 children


in every family, foster If they want to be


inside the family. It's a very unusual


way of taking care of There was no tradition


in Soviet times. And there was absolutely no


tradition of fostering. Something is changing


in the brains of people. A quick reminder of the main news.


Rescue workers in Italy are racing to save survivors from a powerful


earthquake that has killed at least 250 people. Dozens are believed to


still be trapped, as strong after-shocks hinder recovery


efforts. But for now, from me Jane O'Brien


and the rest of the team, goodbye. Hello there, some heavy, thundery


downpours rumbling across the country at the moment. But they will


clear through and tomorrow should be a fine


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