26/08/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox.


Syrian rebels and civilians trapped for years by a brutal government


siege in a Damascus suburb negotiate their departure.


The deal means they have to leave Darayya, a symbol


of the uprising against Assad, as the President's army moves in.


A new line in the sand, as a French court rules


against the ban on full-body swimsuits, or burkinis, stating it


Preparations for the first funerals for the victims


of Italy's earthquake, as the chances of finding any


Archive files released today show thousands of British people


persecuted by the Nazis were refused compensation - by the UK Government


After four years under siege by Syrian government forces,


civilians and rebel fighters have begun to leave a suburb


Government soldiers in Darayya celebrated as the buses left.


A senior UN official has stressed that the evacuation must be


voluntary and described the situation there


BBC Arabic's Assaf Abboud is in Darayya.


BBC Arabic's Assaf Abboud is in Darayya.


The buses which will move Darayya residents have arrived.


It will take all the residents including women and children out


of the rebel controlled areas to shelters in and around Damascus.


It is all going under the supervision of the Syrian Red


There are also representatives for the UN Special Envoy for Syria,


Staffan de Mistura, the UN and the International Red Cross.


Some 4,000 people will be evacuated and taken to shelter centres


As for the fighters, they are divided into two groups.


The first group, who refuse reconciliation, will be moved


to the city of Idlib, and the second, who have reached


a deal with the government, will be moved to Damascus.


According to military sources, at least 300 civilians


Tomorrow, it will be fighters going out of the city.


This is all according to the agreement between rebel


Until now, the operation is going as planned


It might take longer than planned to get everyone out but so far


If all went to plan, Darayya will no longer be a hotspot


and the process for rebuilding this city's infrastructure and getting


That report from BBC Arabic's Assaf Abboud is in Darayya.


Kholoud Waleed is originally from Darayya.


She now edits a Syrian opposition newspaper in Gaziantep


I asked her whether she was worried about the safety of


The 8,000 civilians who are locked in the city for four years and now


the regime has insisted to send them to regime-controlled areas so,


for me, personally, I'm worried that they might be detained


or tortured and killed or they might disappear because we have no


And how many people do you think will remain or is everyone


going to be leaving this area now that the government


The regime has insisted on evacuating the whole town


so every single person will leave the town,


They have sent the civilians to a regime-controlled area


and they sent 50 fighters with their families towards Idlib


and tomorrow they're going to continue the process.


One campaigner described it as a drawing of another


France's highest administrative court has suspended a ban


on full-body burkini swimsuits, that was imposed in a town


The ruling could set a precedent for up to 30 other towns that


imposed bans on their beaches, chiefly on the Riviera.


Friday's court ruling stated the ban in Villeneuve-Loubet "seriously


and clearly illegally breached fundamental freedoms".


But local news agencies in France are reporting that many of those


mayors say they WILL continue with the ban in defiance


This is Sara and her family at the moment when we told them


that the burkini ban had been lifted.


Sara's Muslim, originally from Tunisia, and she told me that,


had it not been for the ban, she'd have been wearing


a burkini or something like it on the beach today.


Now that the news has come from Paris, she'll be back covering


TRANSLATION: It has been really hard because we all felt


Even though I've been covered for 30 years,


But in the last two weeks, I felt awkward.


It's the way people were looking at me.


Before, people didn't show how they felt towards us.


Now they say they don't like it and that really hurts.


One woman in Nice knows what it feels like.


She was photographed apparently being told by police to remove


That made the burkini ban not just a French but an international story.


But now the State Council in Paris has reversed the local banning


orders, which were issued over the last two weeks by some 30 towns,


The towns had said that after the Nice lorry attack


there was a risk to public order from outward signs of Muslim


It's based on the principle of freedom of religion,


the freedom to express religion, and to be able to wear whatever


Of course, not everyone in France is going to agree


Former president Nicolas Sarkozy says he wants a burkini ban


across all of the country and polls suggest that a majority


They want to stop what they see as the gradual encroachment


of Islamic lifestyle and symbols into the public sphere.


Outside France, such arguments seem to cut little ice.


The burkini ban sparked protests outside French embassies in London


and Berlin and campaigns on the internet urged the French


Things that might seem obvious in other places don't


Like letting women wear religiously inspired clothing on a beach.


A little earlier I spoke to Rim-Sarah Allouane


A little earlier I spoke a researcher in Public Law


I began by asking her what she made of the fact that much of the French


We should not judge by public opinion but by the law. Public


authorities have played with fears. We celebrate today as the


anniversary of French human rights. Does it fit with the principle of


secularism on which the French state is founded? Absolutely. This ban was


contrary to secularism. The burkini does not stop people... The judge


just told the law, that is how it is, and stated that this ban


entrenched fundamental liberties of freedom of conscience, freedom to


come and go and personal liberties. It is a small victory but still a


victory. The actual ban didn't use the word burkini at all. It said


dress should be in keeping and respectful of good public manners.


For many French people, good public manners is not wearing something


like that are keenly. -- burkini. How do you legally defined that?


That is the problem when it comes to public opinion. Absolutely but again


I am talking about the law. Public authorities shall not tell people


how they should dress. It was even more than good manners as well. It


was good morals, which is even worse, if you ask me. The council


clearly stated that there were no public order disturbances and the


Merit cannot restrict access to public beaches if a statement was


not proven, and that was the case. Hopes are fading in Italy of finding


any more survivors under the thousands of tonnes of rubble


following Wednesday's earthquake. The official number of people


killed stands at 267. The 6.2-magnitude quake hit


in the early hours of Wednesday, 100km north-east of Rome


in mountainous central Italy. The rescue and recovery


effort remains centred on three small towns,


Pescara del Tronto, This is Pescara del Tronto,


taken from a satellite You can see the red-tiled roofs


of the houses. Piles of rubble where most


of the buildings stood, As hopes fade that more survivors


will be found, we're beginning to find out more


about those confirmed dead. Many were enjoying summer


breaks in the mountains. Amongst them were three foreign


tourists from Britain, This is the road to


the village of Sommati. Two British families,


the Henniker-Gotleys and This is the house in which both


British families were staying. And you can see that the damage


is dramatic. Both families have paid tribute


to the work of those relief workers Their neighbour, Nando Bonnanni,


was the first to reach them. TRANSLATION: I shouted and called


out for Maria and Will, There was nothing we could do


with our bare hands. They were sleeping in a room


on the ground floor and it The Burnett family from London


lost their 14-year-old son, His school called him a much


loved and admired boy. 50-year-old Maria Henniker-Gotley


and her 55-year-old They were from Stockwell in south


London. They were always fun, you could


always have a laugh with them. It's just shocking that you go off


on a lovely summer holiday and, you know, we won't ever see


them again, really. Many survivors are left


with a simple, powerful question. Why did so many buildings fall


and so many people die? 11-month-old Elena Sofia


has no idea that she, She and her mother, Sonia,


are recovering in hospital. I freed myself and started asking


for help, but everyone So I went back and with my hands


I freed my daughter from the rubble. I could only see her little foot


and I just pulled her out. The worst hit town, Amatrice,


will soon begin to hold This town, and others,


will have to find new ground And you can keep up to date


with the latest with regard to the Italian earthquake


by visiting our website. We have reports, analysis,


and the latest casualty figures. Simply go to bbc.com/news


or download the BBC News app. A suicide bomber driving a truck


laden with explosives has hit a police headquarters in south-east


Turkey, cooling 11 The huge explosion targeted


a checkpoint in Cizre, and left the nearby riot


police HQ in ruins. Turkey's Prime Minister Binali


Yildirim blamed the banned Kurdish PKK militant group,


and vowed to retaliate. Cizre is a predominantly Kurdish


town near Turkey's borders It was the scene of clashes


between Turkish security forces Zimbabwe's riot police fired tear


gas and beat up opposition The protestors were demanding


urgent electoral reforms The High Court had issued an order


sanctioning the march to go ahead. This is part of a growing wave


of streets protests in the past months against President


Robert Mugabe's rule. The riot police had


cordoned off an open space christened the Freedom Square


in the capital, early morning. They beat up protesters,


fired tear gas and used water cannon to displace growing crowds marching


to the square. In central Harare there were running


battles and a number The police continued


to maintain a heavy presence, patrolling the streets


and with water cannon. Organisers of the march say


the people's anger is growing and this could be the beginning


of worse things to come. And I think, in my view,


it must not relent. It must continue to express itself,


the level of desperation So that we are able


to solve this problem. It appears that when people succumb


to fear and intimidation, But I'm very glad that


Zimbabweans are beginning We have learned that scores


of people were injured in the skirmishes and many


are receiving treatment It is not clear why the police


defied a High Court order. Organisers say they will not be


discouraged and continue with protests until fundamental


electoral reforms are effected ahead Now a look at some of


the day's other news. At least nine people have been


killed in an attack on a seaside restaurant in Somalia's capital,


Mogadishu. A car bomb exploded outside a beach


club in the Lido area. Police say two of the attackers


were killed and another The Islamist group Al Shabaab stages


regular attacks in Mogadishu. Police in Brazil have charged


the American swimmer Ryan Lochte The 12-time Olympic medallist had


claimed he and three team-mates were robbed at gunpoint


during the Rio Games, The maximum penalty is 18 months


in jail, and the 32-year-old could be tried in his absence,


if he fails to return to Brazil. Turkey has opened one of the world's


largest suspension bridges It's 1.4 kilometres long


and is the third to connect the European and Asian sides


of the country. It's part of President Erdogan's


drive to modernise Turkey's largest Some critics argue the project,


along with plans for a new airport and a tunnel under the Bosphorus,


are harmful to the environment. A Czech hiker has spoken about how


she survived for a month Pavlina Pizova and Ondrej Petr


were hiking the famous Routeburn One night her partner slipped down


a steep ice slope and died. They had been hiking


in the South Island of the country Following her partner's death


the Czech tourist hiked some two kilometres from where he fell,


to a warden's hut in the mountains Rescuers were finally alerted


after the Czech Consul spotted a Facebook post by concerned


relatives at home in Here's Pavlina describing


what happened to her. As you can imagine, the last month


was very harrowing for me, The tragic accident happened when my


partner fell and died. After his death, it took me two


nights in the open before I reached During this time, I got


extremely cold, exhausted I made a few attempts to walk


from the hut but my feet and the weather conditions


and the deep snow Ms Pizova was found by a search team


on Wednesday and as you can see from that interview


she is in remarkably good health. Her partner's body has now been


recovered by police. New files released at The National


Archives here in London, show that thousands of British


people who were persecuted by the Nazis were refused


compensation by the government. Most were from the Channel Islands


who were arrested and deported Final scenes of the long drama


in the Channel Islands. May 1945 and Guernsey has been


liberated after almost five Far away in Germany,


Channel Islanders too were being freed from often


brutal imprisonment. Paul and Phil's father Gerald


was one, caught with two sacks of stolen German coffee


and sentenced to hard labour. At the war's end he had


been at risk of death. They were actually on their way


to Dhaka, they didn't know it at the time,


the Allies were advancing and the German army


was in a bit of disarray. Didn't understand they were shooting


prisoners who were physically Gerald's health was ruined


by his imprisonment. Letters, one from


the Foreign Office... In the mid-1960s he was one of 4000


people applying for compensation as victims of Nazi persecution,


only a quarter of them successful. Gerald got ?2100,


around ?28,000 today. The files are now being released


at the National Archives, those of other Channel Islanders


are harrowing reading. Frank Tuck describes being beaten


with a pick handle and flogged "The fear that ruled us


was indescribable," he wrote. He saw a fellow Guernsey man die


of his treatment. Jack Harper was sometimes chained


in a standing position without food all night, by a sadistic


German guard. And Thomas describes working


in clothes soaked through that dried on one's back,


sometimes frozen stiff. Thomas, one of 17 Guernsey policemen


sentenced for sabotage, was so He got two and a half thousand


pounds, Margaret Godfrey Do you think he felt the money


was sufficient or do you think I think they thought


it was meagre, yes. Today Guernsey is a peaceful


place, these files are some people suffered


terribly under Nazi tyranny. Now to an intercontinental love


story spanning China to Edinburgh. A man has been reunited


with the loyal soul that helped him cross the finish line in one


of the world's most gruelling races. Extreme marathon runner


Dion Leonard was taking part in the Four Desert Race when he met


Gobi the stray dog in Now, thanks to a crowdfunding appeal


they are back together. It is a story of, well,


dogged determination. As Dion Leonard took part


in a gruelling ultramarathon, a 150-mile run across China's


forbidding Gobi Desert, he was We spent the whole week together,


literally either by my side running or in the evening


she was in my arms during the night, So I knew before I left the race


that I was going to bring her back. But while he flew back to Scotland,


just before the dog was due to go into Chinese


quarantine, she escaped. So Dion flew back to China and began


what seemed like a hopeless task, looking for Gobi in the place


she was last seen, Urumqi, a city of 3 million where very few


people speak English. So, today is day two


of trying to find Gobi. I've been handing these out


since 6am, looking around the parks and local areas for dogs,


and speaking to a lot of locals who actually think


they've seen Gobi, But China's internet


came to the rescue. The dog hunt spread like wildfire


on social media, with messages of support and cash to fund


the quest pouring in. Before long, Dion had a few leads,


and Gobi was found. I got some images through on my


phone and a phone call saying that a father and son had


found her and we went out there to see her and she ran


across the room and straight And I'd just walked in the door,


I hadn't said a word to either. So, Gobi is once again preparing


for a few months in quarantine and then Dion expects


to have her home before Christmas. Presumably the first command he'll


want to teach her - stay. But for now, from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Up and down weekend coming up. Some


sunshine for many of us but some rain as well. Tomorrow, many others


will stay fine. But it


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