26/08/2016 World News Today


26/08/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:36.:00:38.

The headlines: A new line in the sand

:00:39.:00:53.

as a French court rules against the ban on full-body

:00:54.:00:56.

But at least three mayors in the south of France say

:00:57.:01:01.

After four years living under siege civilians and rebels are evacuated

:01:02.:01:05.

from Darraya, a symbol of the uprising against Assad -

:01:06.:01:08.

Protestors demand electoral reform in Zimbabwe, the police

:01:09.:01:20.

And Brazilian police ask for former President Lula

:01:21.:01:25.

to be charged with corruption over an apartment deal.

:01:26.:01:38.

One campaigner described it as a drawing

:01:39.:01:40.

of another line in the sand - France's highest administrative

:01:41.:01:43.

court has suspended a ban on full-body "burkini" swimsuits -

:01:44.:01:47.

that was imposed in a town on the Mediterranean coast.

:01:48.:01:50.

The ruling is expected to set a precedent for up to 30 other towns

:01:51.:01:53.

But local news agencies in France are reporting that many of those

:01:54.:02:01.

mayors say they will continue with the ban in defiance

:02:02.:02:03.

Friday's court ruling stated the ban in Villeneuve-Loubet "seriously

:02:04.:02:08.

and clearly illegally breached fundamental freedoms".

:02:09.:02:11.

This is Saira and her family, and the moment we told them

:02:12.:02:30.

that the burkini ban had been lifted.

:02:31.:02:32.

She is Muslim, originally from Tunisia, and she told me that

:02:33.:02:34.

if it were not for the ban, she would have been wearing

:02:35.:02:37.

a burkini or something like it on the beach today.

:02:38.:02:40.

Now that the news has come from Paris, she will be

:02:41.:02:42.

back, covering herself more fully tomorrow.

:02:43.:02:45.

TRANSLATION: It has been really hard because we all felt

:02:46.:02:47.

Even though I have been covered for 30 years,

:02:48.:02:51.

In the last two weeks, I felt awkward.

:02:52.:02:54.

It is the way people were looking at me.

:02:55.:02:56.

Before, people did not show how they felt towards us,

:02:57.:02:59.

now they say they don't like it and that really hurts.

:03:00.:03:04.

One woman in Nice knows what it feels like.

:03:05.:03:07.

She was photographed apparently being told by police to remove

:03:08.:03:11.

That made the burkini ban not just a French but an international story.

:03:12.:03:18.

But now the State Council in Paris has reversed

:03:19.:03:21.

the local banning orders, which were issued over the last two

:03:22.:03:24.

weeks by some 30 towns, mainly along the Riviera.

:03:25.:03:27.

The towns had said that after the Nice lorry attack,

:03:28.:03:30.

there was a risk to public order from outward signs of Muslim

:03:31.:03:34.

It is based on the principle of the freedom of religion,

:03:35.:03:43.

the freedom to express religion and to be able to wear whatever

:03:44.:03:48.

Of course, not everyone in France will agree with

:03:49.:03:53.

Former president Nicolas Sarkozy says he wants a burkini ban

:03:54.:03:58.

And the polls suggest that a majority of the French

:03:59.:04:02.

They want to stop what they see as the gradual encroachment

:04:03.:04:07.

of Islamic lifestyle and symbols into the public sphere.

:04:08.:04:14.

Outside France, such arguments seem to cut little ice.

:04:15.:04:18.

The burkini ban sparked protests outside French embassies

:04:19.:04:21.

in London and Berlin, and campaigns on the internet urged

:04:22.:04:24.

the French to let women wear what they want.

:04:25.:04:29.

Things that might seem obvious in other places

:04:30.:04:34.

Like letting women wear religiously-inspired

:04:35.:04:40.

After four years of brutal siege by Syrian government forces,

:04:41.:04:50.

civilians and rebel fighters have begun to leave a suburb

:04:51.:04:53.

Government soldiers in Darayya celebrated as the buses left.

:04:54.:05:03.

The deal, which wasn't brokered by the United Nations, has raised

:05:04.:05:07.

serious concerns about the fate of the civilians

:05:08.:05:10.

from one of the first areas to come out against President Assad

:05:11.:05:13.

A senior UN official has stressed that the evacuation must be

:05:14.:05:17.

voluntary and described the situation there

:05:18.:05:19.

After a four-year siege, the first busloads of civilians

:05:20.:05:25.

finally left Darayya today with a Syrian army escort.

:05:26.:05:30.

As well as families, this bus also contains some

:05:31.:05:32.

of the rebels who have been promised safe passage in return

:05:33.:05:35.

Today marks a major victory for the government's forces.

:05:36.:05:40.

A bitter defeat for those who sought to overthrow them.

:05:41.:05:48.

Around 8,000 people are thought to remain in this suburb.

:05:49.:05:50.

Many are being taken to shelters in Damascus.

:05:51.:05:52.

In four years only one food aid convoy has reached them.

:05:53.:05:55.

The UN said some were forced to eat grass.

:05:56.:05:59.

In much of Darayya there is an eerie quiet.

:06:00.:06:02.

Though just a 15 minute drive from the centre of Damascus, it's

:06:03.:06:05.

been a rebel stronghold since 2012 - a thorn in President Assad's side,

:06:06.:06:11.

that he has now removed with unrelenting bombardments.

:06:12.:06:14.

The last hospital here was destroyed a week ago.

:06:15.:06:18.

The outgoing UN Humanitarian Envoy to Syria told the BBC for too long

:06:19.:06:23.

the world's major powers have lacked the one prerequisite

:06:24.:06:26.

Political guts and courage on the part of the international

:06:27.:06:31.

community, including the Security Council,

:06:32.:06:34.

before you come down to the local players.

:06:35.:06:37.

This was allowed to happen for far too long and now it is really

:06:38.:06:41.

a struggle to get it turned in the right direction again.

:06:42.:06:48.

In Geneva today, the sound of diplomacy in action

:06:49.:06:50.

as the American Secretary of State and his Russian counterpart met

:06:51.:06:54.

to finalise a cooperation agreement on Syria.

:06:55.:06:58.

The aim is to clear the ground for a ceasefire, begin a process

:06:59.:07:01.

of political transition, and tackle Islamic

:07:02.:07:03.

It's good that these two powers are coming together,

:07:04.:07:10.

there are points of convergence, they want to concentrate

:07:11.:07:13.

They also want to work against the Al-Qaeda franchise

:07:14.:07:19.

in Syria, which is the biggest of the rebel groups.

:07:20.:07:25.

As they talk, though, this brutal war continues.

:07:26.:07:28.

This is the aftermath of a barrel bombing in Aleppo yesterday.

:07:29.:07:32.

With limited diplomatic progress so far, President Assad

:07:33.:07:35.

There is no guarantee he will accept any international deal

:07:36.:07:41.

At least nine people have been killed in an attack on a seaside

:07:42.:07:52.

restaurant in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu.

:07:53.:07:54.

A car bomb exploded outside a beach club in the Lido area.

:07:55.:07:56.

Police say two of the attackers were killed and another

:07:57.:07:59.

The Islamist group Al Shabaab stages regular attacks in Mogadishu.

:08:00.:08:05.

A suicide bomber driving a truck laden with explosives has hit

:08:06.:08:08.

a police headquarters in south-east Turkey, killing 11 policemen

:08:09.:08:11.

The huge explosion targeted a checkpoint in Cizre

:08:12.:08:17.

and left the nearby riot police HQ in ruins.

:08:18.:08:20.

Turkey's Prime Minister Binali Yildirim blamed the banned Kurdish

:08:21.:08:24.

PKK militant group and vowed to retaliate.

:08:25.:08:28.

US President Barack Obama has announced plans to dramatically

:08:29.:08:30.

expand a marine reserve off the coast of Hawaii.

:08:31.:08:34.

The World Heritage-listed site - which encompasses the northwestern

:08:35.:08:37.

Hawain Islands - is home to many rare and endangered sea creatures.

:08:38.:08:41.

The expansion will effectively quadruple the size of the reserve -

:08:42.:08:46.

But some Hawaiians had argued against the move -

:08:47.:08:48.

arguing it would hit the local fishing community.

:08:49.:08:50.

Brazilian Federal Police have indicted former president

:08:51.:08:52.

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as part of a massive corruption

:08:53.:08:55.

investigation nicknamed "Operation Car Wash".

:08:56.:08:58.

The investigation into the popular predecessor and mentor

:08:59.:09:01.

of President Dilma Rousseff - who faces an impeachment trial -

:09:02.:09:05.

forms part of a sweeping anti-corruption probe

:09:06.:09:08.

The BBC's Aleem Maqbool joins us now from Rio de Janeiro.

:09:09.:09:17.

He is a towering political figure in a recent history, what is he charge

:09:18.:09:29.

with? You said in your introduction he was very popular but that

:09:30.:09:35.

popularity has taken a big hit in the last two years as his name has

:09:36.:09:39.

been sullied with these implications he was involved in corruption or

:09:40.:09:44.

knew things were going on. The latest accusation comes from police

:09:45.:09:48.

who recommended prosecutors charged him, he has not been charged yet,

:09:49.:09:53.

but it is to do with that apartment he was buying at a resort and the

:09:54.:09:58.

police are saying he accepted work done by a construction company on

:09:59.:10:03.

this apartment to the tune of $800,000, in return for giving that

:10:04.:10:09.

construction company government contracts. For his part, lawyers for

:10:10.:10:17.

Lula Da Silva says he had not completed a purchase of that

:10:18.:10:25.

apartment, but there are other cases against him including one in which

:10:26.:10:30.

he was charged for obstruct thing that investigation into corruption

:10:31.:10:34.

that is going on, but this is the latest damaging hit to him and all

:10:35.:10:42.

this while his protege, Dilma Rousseff, is going through her own

:10:43.:10:48.

tough times. And on Dilma Rousseff, where are we on those impeachment

:10:49.:10:55.

proceedings? It looks to be the final chapter for her. She could be

:10:56.:11:01.

being told she has to leave the presidential palace within a week

:11:02.:11:04.

because her impeachment trial started just 24 is ago, it had to

:11:05.:11:10.

break up for a couple of hours to date because senators got into a row

:11:11.:11:15.

over it, but it looks like they are set to vote, it will be interesting

:11:16.:11:22.

on Monday when she gets to answer questions from senators and it looks

:11:23.:11:28.

like that will be her last time. She insisted all along this is not about

:11:29.:11:33.

corruption wrong doing, this is a political, what she is calling a

:11:34.:11:40.

coup, but there are those who say she may not have been implicated

:11:41.:11:46.

directly into corruption but she did over a seek a terrible time in terms

:11:47.:11:52.

of the economy and was a bad politician in many people's use, not

:11:53.:11:57.

to be able to create allies within the government who stood beside her

:11:58.:12:03.

and we are now seeing a lot of rats jumping from a sinking ship. Thank

:12:04.:12:05.

you. In Italy, hopes of finding any more

:12:06.:12:07.

survivors following Wednesday's The official number of people

:12:08.:12:09.

killed stands at 267. The 6.2-magnitude quake hit

:12:10.:12:17.

in the early hours of Wednesday, 100km north-east of Rome,

:12:18.:12:19.

as you can see here, it had the most impact

:12:20.:12:22.

in mountainous central Italy. Rescue and recovery efforts

:12:23.:12:26.

at the epicentre of the disaster remain centred on three small towns

:12:27.:12:28.

- Pescara del Tronto, As a state funeral is being

:12:29.:12:32.

organised for Saturday, we're beginning to find out more

:12:33.:12:38.

about those confirmed dead. Many were enjoying summer breaks in

:12:39.:12:46.

the mountains. Amongst

:12:47.:12:47.

them were three foreign tourists from Britain,

:12:48.:12:49.

including a 14-year-old boy. This is the road to

:12:50.:12:50.

the village of Sommati. Two British families,

:12:51.:12:57.

the Henniker-Gotleys and This is the house in which both

:12:58.:12:59.

British families were staying. You can see that the damage

:13:00.:13:10.

is dramatic. Both families have paid tribute

:13:11.:13:15.

to the work of those relief workers Their neighbour, Nando Bonnani,

:13:16.:13:19.

was the first to reach them. TRANSLATION: I shouted and called

:13:20.:13:25.

out for Maria and Will, There was nothing we could do

:13:26.:13:31.

with our bare hands. They were sleeping in a room

:13:32.:13:36.

on the ground floor, The Burnett family from London

:13:37.:13:39.

lost their 14-year-old son Marcos. His school called him a much

:13:40.:13:46.

loved and admired boy. 50-year-old Maria Henniker-Gotley

:13:47.:13:50.

and her 55-year-old They were from Stockwell

:13:51.:13:53.

in south London. They were always fun,

:13:54.:13:58.

you could always have a laugh It's just shocking that you go off

:13:59.:14:01.

on a lovely summer holiday and, you know, we won't ever see

:14:02.:14:09.

them again, really. Many survivors are left

:14:10.:14:15.

with a simple, powerful question - why did so many buildings fall,

:14:16.:14:19.

and so many people die? 11-month-old Elena-Sophia has no

:14:20.:14:25.

idea that she too was nearly killed. She and her mother, Sonia,

:14:26.:14:30.

are recovering in hospital. TRANSLATION: I was buried in rubble,

:14:31.:14:34.

only my face wasn't covered. I could hear my baby

:14:35.:14:39.

crying, I was terrified. I freed myself and started asking

:14:40.:14:42.

for help, but everyone So I went back and with my hands

:14:43.:14:46.

I freed my daughter from the rubble. I could only see her little foot

:14:47.:14:52.

and I just pulled her out. The worst hit town, Amatrice,

:14:53.:14:55.

will soon begin to hold funerals for its victims,

:14:56.:15:00.

but its cemetery has been damaged. This town, and others,

:15:01.:15:05.

will have to find new grounds And you can keep up to date

:15:06.:15:08.

with the latest with regard to the Italian earthquake

:15:09.:15:24.

by visiting our website. We have reports, analysis,

:15:25.:15:26.

and the latest casualty figures. US Secretary of State John Kerry

:15:27.:15:29.

and his Russian counterpart Still to come, reunited, the story

:15:30.:15:47.

of a man and man's best friend, a friend who helped him crossed the

:15:48.:15:51.

finishing line in one of the world's most gruelling races.

:15:52.:16:01.

He is the first African-American to win the nomination of eight major

:16:02.:16:09.

party, as 45 years ago Martin Luther King declared, I have a dream. An

:16:10.:16:16.

orange glowing disc appears in the south-eastern sky, are in

:16:17.:16:21.

neighbouring planet, Mars. The selection is an important milestone

:16:22.:16:28.

in the birth of East Timor as the world's newest nation. It will take

:16:29.:16:35.

months and billions of dollars to repair what hurricane Katrina

:16:36.:16:41.

achieved in just ours. Three weeks is the longest the great clock has

:16:42.:16:48.

been of duty in 117 years, so it was with great satisfaction that

:16:49.:16:51.

clockmaker John Vernon swung the pendulum to get the clock going

:16:52.:17:09.

again. Our latest headlines... France's highest admitted of court

:17:10.:17:14.

suspends a ban on full body swimsuits or Bertini 's.

:17:15.:17:19.

And so -- Syrian civilians trapped for years by a government siege

:17:20.:17:25.

negotiate their departure. Let's get more on our top story, the

:17:26.:17:30.

suspension of that ban on her kidneys.

:17:31.:17:42.

Earlier I spoke to Rim-Sarah Alouane -

:17:43.:17:44.

a researcher in religious freedom at the University of Toulouse.

:17:45.:18:22.

Today we celebrate this declaration of human rights. Does it fit with

:18:23.:18:31.

the principles on which the French state were founded? Yes, this ban,

:18:32.:18:46.

it protects freedom of religion and respect individuality and the judge

:18:47.:18:50.

just told the law, that is how it is, and said this ban infringed

:18:51.:19:00.

fundamental liberties of freedom of conscience, freedom to come and go

:19:01.:19:05.

and personal liberties. It is a small victory but still a victory.

:19:06.:19:16.

Zimbabwe's riot police fired tear gas and beat up opposition

:19:17.:19:18.

The protestors were demanding urgent electoral reforms ahead

:19:19.:19:21.

The High Court had issued an order sanctioning the march to go ahead.

:19:22.:19:25.

This is part of a growing wave of streets protests in the past

:19:26.:19:29.

months against President Robert Mugabe's rule.

:19:30.:19:30.

The riot police cordoned off a space in the capital early morning. They

:19:31.:19:48.

fired at protesters and used tear gas. There were running battles and

:19:49.:19:56.

a number of shops were looted. The police continued to maintain a heavy

:19:57.:20:00.

presence, patrolling the streets and with water cannons. Organisers of

:20:01.:20:10.

the march say anger is growing and this could be the beginning of worse

:20:11.:20:15.

things to come. Anger and desperation are very deep and I

:20:16.:20:22.

think in my view, it must not relent. It must continue to express

:20:23.:20:30.

itself, and the level of desperation. It appears that when

:20:31.:20:38.

people succumb to fear and intimidation, people think that is

:20:39.:20:43.

the end but I am very glad that Zimbabweans are beginning to enough.

:20:44.:20:49.

We have learnt that scores of people were injured in skirmishes and many

:20:50.:20:53.

are receiving treatment at a local clinic. It is not clear why do

:20:54.:20:59.

police defied a High Court order. Organisers say they will not be

:21:00.:21:04.

discouraged and will continue with protests until fundamental reforms

:21:05.:21:06.

are affected ahead of elections. New files released at

:21:07.:21:14.

The National Archives here in London, show that

:21:15.:21:16.

thousands of British people who were persecuted by the Nazis

:21:17.:21:18.

were refused compensation Most were from the Channel Islands

:21:19.:21:20.

who were arrested and deported Nick Higham reports

:21:21.:21:24.

from St Peter Port on Guernsey. Final scenes of the long drama

:21:25.:21:27.

of the Channel Islands... May 1945 and Guernsey has been

:21:28.:21:30.

liberated after almost five Far away in Germany,

:21:31.:21:32.

Channel Islanders too were being freed from often

:21:33.:21:36.

brutal imprisonment. Paul and Phil's father

:21:37.:21:39.

Gerald was one. He had been caught with two sacks

:21:40.:21:40.

of stolen German coffee At the war's end, he had been

:21:41.:21:43.

at risk of death. They were actually on their way

:21:44.:21:51.

to Dachau, they didn't know it at the time, the Allies

:21:52.:21:54.

were advancing and the German army I understand they were

:21:55.:21:57.

shooting at prisoners Gerald's health was ruined

:21:58.:22:02.

by his imprisonment. A couple of letters,

:22:03.:22:07.

one from the Foreign Office... In the mid-1960s he was one of 4000

:22:08.:22:10.

people who applied for compensation Gerald got ?2100, around ?28,000

:22:11.:22:14.

today. The files are now being released

:22:15.:22:23.

at the National Archives, those of other Channel Islanders

:22:24.:22:27.

make harrowing reading. Frank Tuck describes being beaten

:22:28.:22:30.

with a pick handle and flogged "The fear that ruled us

:22:31.:22:33.

was indescribable", he wrote. He saw a fellow Guernsey man

:22:34.:22:38.

die of his treatment. Jack Harper was sometimes chained

:22:39.:22:42.

in a standing position without food all night,

:22:43.:22:45.

by a sadistic German guard. And Thomas Gordian describes working

:22:46.:22:51.

in clothes soaked through that dried on one's back,

:22:52.:22:59.

sometimes frozen stiff. Thomas, one of 17 Guernsey policemen

:23:00.:23:01.

sentenced for sabotage, was so weak by the end

:23:02.:23:03.

he couldn't stand. Do you think he felt that the money

:23:04.:23:06.

was sufficient or do you think I think they thought

:23:07.:23:13.

it was meagre, yes. Today Guernsey is a peaceful place,

:23:14.:23:18.

these files a reminder that even here, some people suffered terribly

:23:19.:23:22.

under Nazi Germany. It is a man has been reunited with

:23:23.:23:50.

one of man's best friends, that helped them complete a gruelling

:23:51.:23:55.

marathon race. He was taking part in the race in the Gobi Desert.

:23:56.:24:04.

It's a story of, well, dogged determination.

:24:05.:24:05.

As Dion Leonard took part in the gruelling ultramarathon -

:24:06.:24:08.

a 150 mile run across China's forbidding Gobi Desert -

:24:09.:24:11.

he was joined by a surprise companion, and it was love

:24:12.:24:14.

She ran half the race with me, we spent the whole week together.

:24:15.:24:23.

And literally by my side running, or in the evening she was

:24:24.:24:26.

in my arms overnight, sleeping and eating with me.

:24:27.:24:28.

So I knew before I had left the race that I would bring her back.

:24:29.:24:32.

While he flew back to Scotland, just before the dog

:24:33.:24:34.

was due to go into Chinese quarantine, she escaped.

:24:35.:24:38.

So, Dion flew back to China and began what seemed

:24:39.:24:43.

Looking for Gobi in the place she was last seen, Urumqi -

:24:44.:24:50.

a city of 3 million, where very few people speak English.

:24:51.:24:55.

So, today is day two of trying to find Gobi.

:24:56.:24:59.

I've been handing these out since 6am this morning.

:25:00.:25:03.

Looking around the parks and local areas, looking out for dogs

:25:04.:25:06.

and speaking to a lot of locals who actually think that they have

:25:07.:25:09.

seen Gobi, but unfortunately it isn't Gobi.

:25:10.:25:12.

But China's Internet came to the rescue.

:25:13.:25:18.

The dog hunt spread like wildfire on social media, with messages

:25:19.:25:22.

of support and cash to fund the quest pouring in.

:25:23.:25:26.

Before long, Dion had a few 'leads', and Gobi was found.

:25:27.:25:32.

I got some imagery through of her on my phone and a phone call

:25:33.:25:35.

saying these people, this lovely father and son

:25:36.:25:38.

I went to see her, and she ran across the lounge room

:25:39.:25:42.

I just walked through the door, I hadn't said a word to her,

:25:43.:25:48.

and she knew it was me straight away.

:25:49.:25:53.

So, Gobi is once again preparing for a few months in quarantine,

:25:54.:25:57.

and then Dion expects to have her home before Christmas.

:25:58.:26:00.

Presumably, the first command he will want to teach her is "stay".

:26:01.:26:17.

A reminder of our main news, that France's highest admitted of court

:26:18.:26:26.

has suspended a ban on full body Bertini swimsuits that was imposed

:26:27.:26:30.

in a town on the French Mediterranean. You can stay in touch

:26:31.:26:36.

with all the news on our website, or on Twitter. From me and the team,

:26:37.:26:38.

goodbye on Twitter. From me and the team,

:26:39.:26:42.

goodbye for now. As

:26:43.:26:43.

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