07/10/2016 World News Today


07/10/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Geeta Guru-Murthy.

:00:07.:00:09.

Our top story - the scale of devastation left

:00:10.:00:11.

by Hurricane Matthew becomes clearer as it continues on its

:00:12.:00:14.

These are live pictures from Florida where the massive storm is battering

:00:15.:00:19.

the coast with huge waves and winds gusting at nearly 200

:00:20.:00:22.

Earlier, the hurricane devastated Haiti, where more than 800

:00:23.:00:27.

people have been killed and thousands displaced.

:00:28.:00:33.

They're calling it the Flash Crash - The Bank of england investigates why

:00:34.:00:42.

the pound plunged 6% on Asian markets before

:00:43.:00:50.

A period of volatility now. Lots of commentary and turbulent markets.

:00:51.:00:57.

Nobel Peace prize for his efforts to end more than fifty years of war

:00:58.:01:03.

We start with a fundraising appeal from aid agencies, as the full

:01:04.:01:26.

impact of Hurricane Matthew on Haiti begins to emerge.

:01:27.:01:28.

More than 800 people are now known to have died.

:01:29.:01:30.

And it's feared the death toll may rise further as rescue teams

:01:31.:01:33.

reach remote areas cut off since the storm.

:01:34.:01:35.

These are the before and after pictures. They give you a sense of

:01:36.:01:50.

the scale of the devastation. Thousands have been displaced.

:01:51.:01:55.

Southern Florida appears to have been spared the

:01:56.:02:02.

... Expected to sweep north next with Georgia next in the line of

:02:03.:02:13.

fire. Millions in coastal states have been told to evacuate.

:02:14.:02:16.

It has been three days since hurricane Matthew hit Haiti, and

:02:17.:02:18.

violent torrents of brown water continued to devastate the poorest

:02:19.:02:21.

In this city, 80% of homes have been lost

:02:22.:02:30.

and the UN has warned of the

:02:31.:02:32.

challenge ahead to restore clean water and sanitation.

:02:33.:02:34.

Right now, most people lost everything,

:02:35.:02:36.

Haiti is already in the grip of a cholera epidemic.

:02:37.:02:45.

In this environment, with sewage

:02:46.:02:48.

ditches for the floodwater, the disease could spread.

:02:49.:02:52.

350,000 people are thought to need immediate help.

:02:53.:02:58.

My son and I are sick and we still haven't

:02:59.:03:02.

I need to go back home because my kids have a fever, so I

:03:03.:03:08.

After leaving a trail of utter destruction across the Caribbean,

:03:09.:03:14.

the storm is stalking the Florida coastline.

:03:15.:03:17.

It has been described by

:03:18.:03:18.

1.5 million people were told to leave

:03:19.:03:24.

coastal areas and find shelter and stay there.

:03:25.:03:28.

Most heeded the

:03:29.:03:29.

A curfew was also in place until Saturday morning in some

:03:30.:03:33.

Wind of over 100 mph crashed with power lines, cutting

:03:34.:03:41.

supplies to tens of thousands of homes.

:03:42.:03:45.

So far, the East Coast seems to have been spared the worst, but

:03:46.:03:48.

officials fear that complacency will set

:03:49.:03:49.

in and people will leave their

:03:50.:03:51.

I want to emphasise to everybody that this is

:03:52.:04:02.

The potential for storm surge, flooding, loss of life and

:04:03.:04:07.

severe property damage continues to exist.

:04:08.:04:11.

storms, but Matthew is proving to be unpredictable.

:04:12.:04:18.

It is also taking its time, as it travels up the coast.

:04:19.:04:21.

Florida is not out of danger just yet.

:04:22.:04:27.

Let's get the latest from the BBC's Liliet Heredero, who's in Miami.

:04:28.:04:33.

Give us a picture of what it is like. It is fine today in Miami. The

:04:34.:04:42.

city is returning to normal. We were all in doors and the city was a

:04:43.:04:48.

ghost town. Yesterday, but we have been spared of the worst. The city

:04:49.:04:54.

is returning to normal. It remains a category three hurricane, really

:04:55.:04:58.

strong. It is pounding the North East of Florida. Winds are still 120

:04:59.:05:06.

miles an hour. The latest advertisers from the National

:05:07.:05:10.

hurricane Centre said the storm is around 30 miles of Daytona Beach. It

:05:11.:05:16.

could impact Jacksonville and the north-east cities shortly. If

:05:17.:05:21.

there's something positive, it is that is not made landfall. The eye

:05:22.:05:29.

of the storm has remained overwater. That is what is the most powerful

:05:30.:05:34.

winds so it hasn't impacted Florida yet. That does not mean it isn't a

:05:35.:05:40.

dangerous storm however. The word on everyone pass mouths is the storm

:05:41.:05:47.

surge. That is the main worry, all the coastal flooding that could

:05:48.:05:52.

impact cities on the north-east. Authorities reminding people it is

:05:53.:05:58.

not safe to go back to their homes, millions of people evacuated in

:05:59.:06:04.

Florida, Georgia and North Carolina. 800,000 people are without power in

:06:05.:06:08.

Florida. Still a difficult situation in the north-east of Florida. How

:06:09.:06:14.

quickly is the storm moving? How quickly before people know the worst

:06:15.:06:18.

as? It is not work the Lee moving fast. 30 mph. -- not moving very

:06:19.:06:26.

fast. Friday into Saturday we will do the impact of wind and a storm

:06:27.:06:32.

surge. Then it'll moved to Georgia and South Carolina so it will still

:06:33.:06:35.

have an impact over the weekend. The US Secretary of State,

:06:36.:06:39.

John Kerry, says Russia's actions in support of the Syrian Government

:06:40.:06:41.

demand a war crimes investigation. Mr Kerry accused Moscow

:06:42.:06:45.

and the Government in Damascus of having a targeted strategy

:06:46.:06:48.

to terrorise civilians Russia and the regime owe the world

:06:49.:06:53.

more than an explanation about why they keep hitting hospitals

:06:54.:07:01.

and medical facilities, These are acts that

:07:02.:07:03.

beg for an appropriate And those who commit these

:07:04.:07:11.

would and should be held This is a targeted strategy

:07:12.:07:19.

to terrorise civilians. The UN Security Council is expected

:07:20.:07:39.

to vote on Saturday on a draft Drafted by the French and Spanish,

:07:40.:07:42.

the plan would include an end to all military flights

:07:43.:07:49.

over the city. But Russia has indicated that

:07:50.:07:51.

it'll block the proposal. Will any other countries

:07:52.:07:56.

follow Britain out of Well if Marine le Pen has her way,

:07:57.:07:59.

France will be making a Frexit The leader of the Front National has

:08:00.:08:04.

been speaking to the BBC's Stephen Sakur on Hardtalk

:08:05.:08:13.

and started by explaining just how significant

:08:14.:08:15.

June's Brexit vote in the UK was. But your problem is that

:08:16.:09:09.

all of the polling evidence since the Brexit vote

:09:10.:09:11.

is that the French people do not actually want to leave

:09:12.:09:14.

the European Union. In fact more French people today say

:09:15.:09:16.

that they want to remain inside than before the British vote,

:09:17.:09:20.

so you are actually not expressing And you can see the full interview

:09:21.:09:24.

with Marine le Pen on Hardtalk The Bank of England is looking

:09:25.:09:52.

into what caused a short, but sharp fall in the value

:09:53.:10:14.

of the pound on Asian markets. At one point, sterling

:10:15.:10:17.

briefly hit a low of $1.18. Meanwhile, UK Chancellor Phillip

:10:18.:10:20.

Hammond, who is on a visit to the US, has reiterated

:10:21.:10:22.

there will be "ups and downs" for the economy in the wake

:10:23.:10:25.

of the Brexit vote. He's been speaking to our

:10:26.:10:27.

Economics Editor Kamal Markets respond to noises off and,

:10:28.:10:29.

as I said earlier this week, we're going to go through a period

:10:30.:10:36.

of volatility now. There will be lots of

:10:37.:10:38.

commentary going on. We can expect to see markets

:10:39.:10:40.

being more turbulent The Government should take

:10:41.:10:43.

the necessary measures to be able to respond to it to keep the economy

:10:44.:10:50.

going during this period. Aren't markets saying

:10:51.:10:54.

they are hugely concerned about the uncertainty,

:10:55.:10:57.

the lack of transparency over how Britain will actually

:10:58.:11:02.

negotiate its exit There's bound to be uncertainty,

:11:03.:11:04.

but the important thing is, to look through the movements

:11:05.:11:08.

of currency markets, the short-term movements

:11:09.:11:12.

of sentiment at the fundamentals The fastest growing economy

:11:13.:11:15.

in the G7 this year, record high employment rates

:11:16.:11:20.

and very high levels of growth We go into this period of turbulence

:11:21.:11:27.

fundamentally strong and that should There's been a lot of talk

:11:28.:11:31.

about your approach to spending, some people have said that you're

:11:32.:11:35.

looking to spend a huge amount more on infrastructure and

:11:36.:11:41.

borrow more to do that. Can we expect a spending splurge

:11:42.:11:43.

ahead? What we have said we're

:11:44.:11:45.

going to do is create, within a new fiscal framework,

:11:46.:11:50.

enough space for the Government to be able to respond

:11:51.:11:53.

to the turbulence in the economy As we go through this period,

:11:54.:11:57.

we want to be able to provide fiscal At the moment, I can't predict

:11:58.:12:03.

whether that will be necessary at the time

:12:04.:12:08.

of the Autumn Statement in November. Now a look at some of

:12:09.:12:16.

the days other news. The brother of a man accused

:12:17.:12:19.

of attacking two Brussels police officers with a knife on Wednesday

:12:20.:12:22.

has been charged with One officer was stabbed

:12:23.:12:24.

in the neck and another The Belgian authorities have said

:12:25.:12:28.

they believe the attacker has links India says it will completely

:12:29.:12:33.

seal its border with It says the border would be secured

:12:34.:12:38.

using new technology although a specific plan

:12:39.:12:43.

was still being formulated. Relations between India and Pakistan

:12:44.:12:46.

have been deteriorating since the start of a security

:12:47.:12:52.

operation in Indian-administered The South African Nobel laureate,

:12:53.:12:54.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu, has said that when the time comes

:12:55.:12:57.

he wants the option Writing in the Washington Post,

:12:58.:12:59.

he said he did not want to be Archbishop Tutu, who's 85,

:13:00.:13:04.

has been in and out The peace award that bears the name

:13:05.:13:07.

of founder Alfred Nobel has gone this year to the Colombian

:13:08.:13:19.

president, Juan Manuel Santos, for his efforts to end

:13:20.:13:22.

Colombia's long civil war. The chair of the Norwegian committee

:13:23.:13:24.

which chose the winner from a record 376 nominations,

:13:25.:13:26.

said Mr Santos had initiated negotiations that resulted

:13:27.:13:29.

in a peace accord with FARC guerillas aimed at bringing more

:13:30.:13:31.

than 50 years of conflict to an end. Our Chief International

:13:32.:13:34.

Correspondent, Lyse Doucet, reports. It had been one of the world's

:13:35.:13:36.

longest, most brutal wars. A byword for kidnappings,

:13:37.:13:41.

disappearances, murder. The peace deal signed last

:13:42.:13:49.

week by President Santos and his oldest enemy the FARQ

:13:50.:13:57.

was a historic, emotional moment. World leaders came to

:13:58.:14:04.

Colombia to salute it. Then, days later, Colombians

:14:05.:14:06.

rejected its narrowly A shocking setback after years

:14:07.:14:08.

of negotiations and secret talks. But today, for President Santos,

:14:09.:14:11.

a vote of confidence. The world's most prestigious

:14:12.:14:15.

prize for a peacemaker. Not in my name, but in the name

:14:16.:14:20.

of all Colombians, and especially the millions affected by this

:14:21.:14:28.

conflict over 52 years. Colombians, this prize

:14:29.:14:30.

is for all of you, for the victims When I met the president in Colombia

:14:31.:14:36.

last week, he admitted winning real peace would be

:14:37.:14:41.

as hard as waging war. The signature of the deal is simply

:14:42.:14:44.

the end of conflict. Reconstructing our country,

:14:45.:14:47.

a country at war for 50 years. It is a country that has destroyed

:14:48.:14:54.

many of its values and principles. Even the peace prize divides

:14:55.:14:59.

a people who have lived Paolo, an engineer, says

:15:00.:15:08.

it is excellent that Santos It will help the peace

:15:09.:15:16.

process, he says. The critics demand tougher

:15:17.:15:23.

punishments for the Farq. Supporters say President Santos

:15:24.:15:31.

offered the best deal he could. 50 years of war means

:15:32.:15:39.

decades of distrust. The peace prize has gone to a nation

:15:40.:15:42.

that isn't at peace. A British member of the European

:15:43.:15:47.

parliament, who was involved in an incident that left a fellow

:15:48.:15:51.

MEP in hospital In his first account of the events

:15:52.:15:53.

in Strasbourg on Thursday, Mike Hookem, said that he acted

:15:54.:15:58.

in self-defence when a fellow member of the UK Independence party,

:15:59.:16:02.

Steven Woolfe, came at him. There was no punches thrown,

:16:03.:16:07.

there was no face slapping, As people in Hull would say,

:16:08.:16:10.

it was handbags at dawn. new Russian journalist was done is

:16:11.:16:40.

done ten years ago. It took two trials seven years to bring her

:16:41.:16:46.

killers to justice. But the investigation into her death is not

:16:47.:16:56.

complete. Around 4pm in 2006, October, the journalist was shot at

:16:57.:17:04.

home in her left. She wasn't the first and wooden spoon the last to

:17:05.:17:09.

be shot. But she was writing about the war and a strong critic. The

:17:10.:17:22.

killers were from Chechnya. Who ordered the killing? Will paid for

:17:23.:17:29.

it? We still do not know. By coincidence, this week saw the start

:17:30.:17:37.

of another murder trial. Those accused of giving him from Chechnya.

:17:38.:17:44.

Then the case goes cold, who ordered the killing? We don't know. Anna

:17:45.:17:53.

Politkovskaya was the Russian journalist remembered at the moment.

:17:54.:18:05.

When US forces arrived in the Philippines this month

:18:06.:18:13.

The president says he wants to be less dependent on America.

:18:14.:18:19.

When US forces arrived in the Philippines this month

:18:20.:18:21.

for the start of what had become annual joint exercises,

:18:22.:18:23.

they appeared to be cementing a military relationship that goes

:18:24.:18:26.

back decades and is one of the closest the US

:18:27.:18:28.

But with the election of this man, Rodrigo Duterte, as president, this

:18:29.:18:37.

Shockingly outspoken, and aligning himself

:18:38.:18:44.

with the anti-American left in the Philippines, he has already

:18:45.:18:49.

said he wants the exercises to end and that he wants closer ties

:18:50.:18:52.

And he has bristled with indignation at US criticism of his

:18:53.:18:57.

Instead of helping us, the first to hit was the State Department,

:18:58.:19:06.

The US has responded by insisting that the alliance is still strong

:19:07.:19:15.

and ignoring Mr Duterte's explosive comments.

:19:16.:19:17.

After all, the two countries only recently signed a ten year agreement

:19:18.:19:20.

allowing the US to operate military bases here once again,

:19:21.:19:25.

and stipulating joint patrols in the South China Sea.

:19:26.:19:30.

That is where the Philippines is currently struggling to bat off

:19:31.:19:34.

But comments by Mr Duterte's Defence Secretary today

:19:35.:19:44.

suggest he is already downgrading military relations.

:19:45.:19:46.

Delfin Lorenzana told journalists that the US had already been

:19:47.:19:52.

informed there would be no joint patrols.

:19:53.:19:54.

He also reiterated that his country was seeking

:19:55.:19:56.

Speaking about equipment in China and Russia.

:19:57.:20:01.

Let's check out what they are offering to us.

:20:02.:20:09.

Just how far president Rodrigo Duterte intends to break

:20:10.:20:13.

After seeing his ruthless anti-drugs campaign,

:20:14.:20:19.

though, people are learning to take his dramatic

:20:20.:20:21.

But the Philippines Armed Forces are fully equipped

:20:22.:20:32.

Without strong US backing, they offer little in the way

:20:33.:20:36.

of bargaining strength to the president when he starts

:20:37.:20:38.

but will surely be very tough negotiations with China

:20:39.:20:41.

Now is it just a prank or simply plain creepy?

:20:42.:20:55.

Police are warning pranksters who are posing as "killer clowns"

:20:56.:20:57.

and terrifying children and young adults that they could face arrest.

:20:58.:21:00.

The sightings, which started in the United States,

:21:01.:21:02.

now appear to have come to Britain with several reports

:21:03.:21:04.

of people having frightening encounters involving clowns.

:21:05.:21:06.

The sinister craze has been encouraged on social media

:21:07.:21:08.

where people have shared photos and videos of the scary sightings.

:21:09.:21:14.

Could London learn a thing or two from Amsterdam

:21:15.:22:10.

when it comes to boosting its night-time economy?

:22:11.:22:12.

The Dutch capital says business is booming -

:22:13.:22:14.

and crime is down - thanks, in part, to the appointment

:22:15.:22:17.

of a special mayor to champion its 24-hour culture.

:22:18.:22:21.

It's an idea the British capital is now adopting.

:22:22.:22:24.

Is this the new city that doesn't sleep?

:22:25.:22:32.

Amsterdam, a 24-7, or for its residents

:22:33.:22:39.

I am the night time mayor of Amsterdam.

:22:40.:22:52.

His role for the last two years has been to boost

:22:53.:22:55.

the night-time economy, a job London is now copying.

:22:56.:22:57.

We joined him on an evening out to listen to what

:22:58.:23:00.

It proved tricky at times in this party capital.

:23:01.:23:08.

We introduced a lot of things and this is what you get.

:23:09.:23:15.

In nightlife, this is people having fun.

:23:16.:23:18.

Amsterdam's so-called nightmare bridges the gap between pub and club

:23:19.:23:22.

owners and City Hall officials worried about anti-social behaviour.

:23:23.:23:27.

When there is a problem, the first reaction of city officials

:23:28.:23:30.

is often that we have to stop this now.

:23:31.:23:32.

We explain to the Mayor and politicians that nightlife

:23:33.:23:35.

is something which has value for the city for social,

:23:36.:23:38.

Well, while some London clubs have been shut down, Amsterdam has been

:23:39.:23:46.

They get extra opening hours if they keep the square more safe

:23:47.:23:55.

Their benefit is they can stay open longer, which of course

:23:56.:24:05.

And despite more people out and about for a longer,

:24:06.:24:09.

And they say these so-called hosts have helped.

:24:10.:24:15.

Basically what we do, we help people in Amsterdam.

:24:16.:24:18.

We help drug people getting home in the taxi and a lot of the time,

:24:19.:24:21.

people want to fight, we try to get between them and sold

:24:22.:24:26.

the problem and get them in another club.

:24:27.:24:30.

20 are on patrol tonight in what is the city's

:24:31.:24:33.

Jointly paid for by the council and bars.

:24:34.:24:36.

A big part of the Dutch idea is to create more 24-7

:24:37.:24:38.

And they think London should do the same.

:24:39.:24:44.

Some people would love the idea of a 24 hour party paradise.

:24:45.:24:50.

For others, it will fill them with dread, thinking it will bring

:24:51.:24:53.

more violence, more noise and just generally more problems.

:24:54.:24:56.

But Amsterdam's night mayor says London's borrowers must stop killing

:24:57.:24:59.

the night-time economy and open their eyes

:25:00.:25:03.

Introducing the role of the night mayor in London would be a really

:25:04.:25:08.

good first step to help with the dialogue about nightlife.

:25:09.:25:14.

But you can't wave your magic wand around and change it all,

:25:15.:25:17.

so it will be small steps, building it up, which is really

:25:18.:25:22.

important - and make Londoners proud of their nightlife again.

:25:23.:25:25.

So, because everybody knows nobody is moving to London for the better.

:25:26.:25:33.

Extort the satellite images of the hurricane. 800 killed in Haiti. Live

:25:34.:26:00.

pictures from Florida, and update coming up for you.

:26:01.:26:02.

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