06/10/2016 World News Today


06/10/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Lebo Diseko.

:00:00.:00:08.

The headlines - The UN's Syria envoy makes an impassioned

:00:09.:00:10.

plea for an end to the bombardment of Aleppo.

:00:11.:00:15.

Staffan de Mistura says the east of the city could be

:00:16.:00:18.

wiped out by Christmas if the fighting doesn't stop.

:00:19.:00:23.

The city of eastern Aleppo at this rate will be totally destroyed,

:00:24.:00:33.

The city of eastern Aleppo at this rate will be totally destroyed.

:00:34.:00:38.

And thousands of civilians, not terrorists, will be killed.

:00:39.:00:40.

A picture of utter devastation along the southwestern peninsula of Haiti,

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after it's hit by Hurricane Matthew. 140 people are dead.

:00:44.:00:48.

Also coming up: A British Member of the European Parliament is taken

:00:49.:00:51.

to hospital after a fight at a meeting with colleagues

:00:52.:00:54.

And why eating farmed salmon might not be as healthy

:00:55.:01:01.

Rebel-held Eastern Aleppo faces total destruction by Christmas -

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that's the stark warning from the UN envoy to Syria today.

:01:27.:01:29.

Staffan de Mistura said that he was prepared to personally

:01:30.:01:31.

accompany jihadists out of the city if it would stop the fighting.

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It's thought there are around 275,000 people currently living

:01:35.:01:39.

in rebel-held parts of the city, which has been under

:01:40.:01:42.

Of those, around 100,000 are children.

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The Syrian government and Russia are carrying out an intense bombing

:01:49.:01:50.

campaign to try and take the city back from rebel fighters,

:01:51.:01:53.

of which around 900 belong to Jabhat Fateh al-Sham,

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previously al Qaeda's franchise in Syria.

:01:59.:02:01.

The UN said that targeting those militants was no justification

:02:02.:02:04.

Here's our Diplomatic Correspondent James Landale.

:02:05.:02:10.

There are 100,000 children trapped in eastern Aleppo,

:02:11.:02:14.

and this little boy is one of the lucky ones.

:02:15.:02:20.

Shabab was pulled from the building that killed the rest of his family,

:02:21.:02:24.

yet another casualty in the rebel held part of the city,

:02:25.:02:27.

where the UN says more than 270 people have been killed

:02:28.:02:31.

and 600 injured in the last two weeks alone.

:02:32.:02:37.

So, from the United Nations today, a warning that

:02:38.:02:39.

unless the bombardment by Russian and Syrian forces stopped,

:02:40.:02:43.

there will be nothing left by Christmas.

:02:44.:02:46.

A maximum two months, two and a half months,

:02:47.:02:51.

the city of Eastern Aleppo, at this rate, may be

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We are talking about the old city in particular.

:02:57.:03:02.

And thousands of Syrian civilians, not terrorists, will be killed.

:03:03.:03:10.

There are believed to be 900 jihadist fighters,

:03:11.:03:12.

formerly known as al-Nusra, left in eastern Aleppo,

:03:13.:03:15.

seen here training recently alongside other allies.

:03:16.:03:19.

The UN envoy said they should not risk further civilian casualties,

:03:20.:03:22.

and instead withdraw from the city, offering to guarantee

:03:23.:03:26.

If you do decide to leave, in dignity and with your weapons,

:03:27.:03:36.

to anywhere you wanted to go, I personally am ready physically

:03:37.:03:42.

France today called on President Assad to end

:03:43.:03:47.

what its ministers called the deluge of fire and death

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But the Syrian president denied once again that he was

:03:52.:03:56.

If we are killing people, Syrian people, and destroying

:03:57.:04:01.

hospitals and committing all these atrocities,

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and we have been faced by all the great power

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and the petrol dollars in the world, how can I be president

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The conflict in Syria will be the priority for the next

:04:11.:04:15.

Secretary-General of the United Nations,

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Antonio Guterres, confirmed today as the Security Council's nominee.

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The former Portuguese Prime Minister will try to succeed

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As you heard there, the former prime minister

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has been officially named as the new Secretary-General

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He'll take over from Ban Ki-moon in January.

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Mr Guterres was the UN High Commissioner for Refugees

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for ten years until the end of last year.

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He spoke of his gratitude to the UN Security Council for choosing him.

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Gratitude, but also humility. Humility when facing the dramatic

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problems of today's world, and humility that is needed

:05:00.:05:01.

to serve, and especially to serve The victims of conflicts,

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of terrorism, the victims of the violation of rights,

:05:05.:05:16.

the victims of poverty And also, the humility

:05:17.:05:18.

that is needed to recognise the inspiration that comes

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from so many workers of the UN and its partners, that are doing

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everything they can in the most Nada Tawfik joins me

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from the United Nations in New York. He managed to get the support of all

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five veto carrying members of the United nation 's security council.

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How rare is that sort of show of unity?

:05:54.:05:58.

Well, as we have seen with the war in Syria, getting the Security

:05:59.:06:03.

Council to have a united voice can be difficult. That is not to say

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that they haven't spoken with one voice in past conflicts, but again,

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it comes down to what are the best interests of these countries. The UN

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is only as good as is member states, and in the case of the Security

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Council, the five veto wielding members. But I have to say, this was

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really the first time that this process for Secretary-General, all

:06:26.:06:28.

the members came out together to announce they had come to a swift

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decision. The timing was right surprisingly Antonio Guterres is

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going to come to the UN at one of the most difficult points in its

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history, really. The chief mandate of the UN is to prevent conflicts,

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and we're seeing conflicts raging across the globe, so he is going to

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have a very tough time. He mentioned when he thanked the Security Council

:06:50.:06:53.

for the nomination that he hopes this unity will follow through in

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his work with the council. He mentioned there that there were

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one of the most difficult times in terms of conflict around the world,

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some of them seeming so intractable. There will be people who would say,

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why does he want a job like this, and what does he bring that perhaps

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his predecessor did not? Well, Mr Guterres has really been

:07:13.:07:18.

applauded for the fact that he was a leader. He led Portugal as Prime

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Minister. He also led the UN's Refugee Agency for a decade. He said

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his personal mission coming into this will be to prevent conflicts,

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to redo the UN so that instead of holding meeting after meeting, they

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will be more focused on preventing conflict and goals. So, Mr Guterres

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has the experience that others in the past have not had. As I say, he

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has led a country before. For example, the French Ambassador

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mentioned how he hopes Mr Guterres focuses on dogging partnerships

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instead of rivalries here are the UN, because that has been a major

:07:52.:07:55.

force, as we have seen, between Russia and the US, in preventing

:07:56.:07:58.

certain outcomes in the Security Council, particularly on Syria.

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We will have to leave it there. Thank you.

:08:02.:08:06.

President Obama has declared a state of emergency in Florida as the

:08:07.:08:10.

south-eastern United States braces itself for the arrival of hurricane

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Matthew. More than 2 million people are facing evacuation orders, and

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highways are jammed with people trying to leave. The hurricane is

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thought now to have killed 140 people in the Caribbean, nearly all

:08:24.:08:24.

of them in Haiti. The Bahamas, the latest landfall

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for Hurricane Matthew. Winds of 125 mph lashed the capital

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Nassau, bringing down And still almost 200 miles

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of the Florida coast, And still almost 200 miles

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off the Florida coast, the storm is already

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making its presence felt. 1.5 million people have

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been told to evacuate, emptying stores, gas stations,

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clogging roads, heading inland for safer ground and to dozens

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of shelters set up around the state. The Edwards family from Palm Beach

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are making this one their home All my family is talking about is,

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you need to hit the road right now. But the thing is, I don't

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want to get caught out there on the road with three children,

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so I just want to stay here. I feel like this is the safest

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place for me right now. While it is not yet clear

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where the storm will hit the Florida coast,

:09:18.:09:19.

the governor says it could cause catastrophic

:09:20.:09:21.

destruction. So if you are in an

:09:22.:09:22.

evacuation zone, get out. This is not something you should

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take a chance with. Time is running out.

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Leave, there is no excuses. The roads are open.

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You should get out. Our number one priority

:09:30.:09:31.

is protecting everyone's life. In Haiti, the scale

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of the devastation Thousands of people have

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lost their homes, and more than 100 are now reported dead,

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with the total expected Parts of the island

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are still cut off. In Florida, the National Guard

:09:49.:09:56.

and federal emergency staff have been called in as a number

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of airports and schools are closed. Matthew's expected to strengthen

:10:00.:10:02.

as it approaches the coast, in what meteorologists say

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is the most ferocious As we've been hearing,

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Hurricane Matthew has again become a Category Four storm -

:10:10.:10:15.

that means dangerously strong winds as it makes its way

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towards the United States. BBC Weather presenter Helen Willets

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is tracking Matthew's course. With sustained winds forecast of

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about 142 140 miles an hour, which is 230 kilometres per hour, which is

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a sustained wind, we will see costs well in excess of that. It had very

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close to the Florida coastline, and may well make landfall, brush its

:10:45.:10:48.

way northwards and be very close to the Georgia and Carolina coastline

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late on Friday and Saturday. So it will have far-reaching consequences.

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We have the triple whammy of a storm surge up to four meters, potentially

:10:58.:11:04.

6-10 inches of rain falling, and really powerful, destructive winds

:11:05.:11:07.

which will rip up anything in their wake. It is a very serious storm

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indeed. Hundreds of thousands of people are being evacuated in this

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way, but clearly, it will have devastating effects.

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You can follow the course of the hurricane on our website.

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There is a live page there, constantly being updated as the

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storm moves north. There is also a picture gallery

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showing the damage the storm has already caused, and you can also get

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eyewitness accounts from survivors. Also, a very interesting piece on

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what actually makes the different categorisations of a hurricane. That

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is on our site. Turmoil in the UK Independence Party

:11:40.:11:46.

after one of its leadership contenders was rushed to hospital

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after he collapsed outside the European

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parliament in Strasbourg. Steven Woolfe suffered two

:11:51.:11:52.

fits following a fight Ukip's interim leader, Nigel Farage,

:11:53.:11:54.

condemned the incident, saying it was bad for Ukip's image

:11:55.:11:59.

and made them look violent. Our deputy political editor

:12:00.:12:04.

John Pienaar reports. Steven Woolfe's no household name,

:12:05.:12:07.

at least until now, but he was favourite

:12:08.:12:11.

to lead his party, a party torn apart by feuding

:12:12.:12:13.

and faction fighting, His far better known and biggest

:12:14.:12:16.

supporter Nigel Farage put out the news in a tweet -

:12:17.:12:22.

there had been a fight. Steven Woolfe had collapsed

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after an altercation at a meeting He described his

:12:26.:12:28.

condition as serious. Tonight, though, Mr Farage

:12:29.:12:32.

reported his colleague Steven Woolfe is in a much better

:12:33.:12:35.

place than he was a fewer hours ago. Steven Woolfe is in a much better

:12:36.:12:41.

place than he was a few hours ago. He did, as you know,

:12:42.:12:45.

collapse coming out of the chamber during the voting session and

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hit the ground pretty hard. He has suffered two seizures,

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one quite major one, which is obviously pretty serious,

:12:51.:12:54.

and he did lose consciousness for a bit, so things

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were pretty bad. As for the events that led up to it,

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well, it is two grown men getting It is not very seemly behaviour,

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but I'm not today going to get Tempers flared after Mr Woolfe told

:13:05.:13:11.

the BBC he had been tempted to join the Conservatives

:13:12.:13:18.

after Theresa May's At a private meeting

:13:19.:13:20.

of MEPs, there was a row. It spilled outside and punches

:13:21.:13:29.

were reportedly thrown. Two hours later, Mr Woolfe collapsed

:13:30.:13:32.

and was taken to hospital. A short while ago, Mr Woolfe himself

:13:33.:13:36.

confirmed he was on the mend. He said in a tweet, "at the moment,

:13:37.:13:39.

I am feeling brighter, happier, Ukip tasted triumph when Britain

:13:40.:13:42.

voted to leave the EU. But the party's known nothing

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but split and schisms since, divided equally for and

:13:48.:13:51.

against Nigel Farage. Diane James reigned as leader

:13:52.:13:55.

for just 18 days before she decided she lacked the authority

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to lead and stood down, Now, Steven Woolfe, mixed race

:13:59.:14:01.

but tough on migration, may again be favourite to lead,

:14:02.:14:07.

though not many outside the party Now a look at some of

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the day's other news. Ten people are reported to have been

:14:12.:14:19.

injured in a bomb attack targeting a police station in the Turkish

:14:20.:14:22.

city of Istanbul. The provincial governor says device

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was attached to a motorbike No group has said it was behind

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the attack, close to the city's main airport, but both Kurdish militants

:14:28.:14:33.

and so-called Islamic State have Nine Australians arrested

:14:34.:14:36.

for stripping off at the Malaysian Formula One Grand Prix

:14:37.:14:38.

have walked free from a court. The group, known as the "Budgie

:14:39.:14:40.

Nine", were charged with public nuisance, which carries

:14:41.:14:43.

a fine but no jail time. The men were detained after posing

:14:44.:14:45.

in swimwear decorated with the Malaysian flag to celebrate

:14:46.:14:48.

Australian Daniel Ricciardo's win Deutsche Bank has

:14:49.:14:52.

announced that 1,000 jobs The move adds to the 3,000 job

:14:53.:14:56.

losses announced in June. The bank has been under intense

:14:57.:15:01.

pressure since mid-September, when US authorities said they wanted

:15:02.:15:05.

the firm to pay $14 billion to settle an investigation

:15:06.:15:08.

into mortgage-backed securities. Parliament in Poland has

:15:09.:15:15.

voted to reject a strict It would have meant almost

:15:16.:15:17.

a complete ban on the procedure, Women who terminated their pregnancy

:15:18.:15:21.

would have faced up The proposed abortion ban has

:15:22.:15:41.

provoked strong emotions. Both among politicians, and on the streets.

:15:42.:15:47.

Demonstrations for and against the proposal have been taking place for

:15:48.:15:51.

months. Coat hangers symbolise the cruelty of illegal abortions. The

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Catholic Church and some members of Poland's governing right wing Law

:15:59.:16:02.

And Justice Party initially supported the total ban, even though

:16:03.:16:06.

Poland already has one of Europe's most restrictive abortion laws. The

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procedure is only allowed in cases of rape or incest, or when the

:16:11.:16:14.

health of the woman or foetus is seriously endangered. The event that

:16:15.:16:19.

changed minds in the governing camp was a nationwide protest some days

:16:20.:16:25.

ago. An estimated 100,000 people, mostly women, took part in a strike

:16:26.:16:33.

and street protests. It was a potent display of defiance against a bill

:16:34.:16:38.

that threaten women with prison. Under the proposal, abortions would

:16:39.:16:41.

be banned in cases of rape. They would only be allowed in order to

:16:42.:16:47.

save a woman's life. One government minister said the protest had taught

:16:48.:16:51.

him a lesson in humility. Poland's Prime Minister said the debate had

:16:52.:16:54.

got out of hand. TRANSLATION: Emotions that have

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formed around this topic in recent days are too high in my opinion. All

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public figures and politicians are responsible for soothing them. This

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is a very serious and difficult debate, and for many people, a very

:17:08.:17:10.

dramatic one. We should respect different

:17:11.:17:11.

opinions. Before the vote in parliament,

:17:12.:17:20.

Poland's Catholic bishops said that while they supported a total ban,

:17:21.:17:25.

they opposed punishing women. In the end, Poland's politicians

:17:26.:17:28.

overwhelmingly rejected the bill. They saw the mood in the country and

:17:29.:17:30.

voted accordingly. Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe

:17:31.:17:39.

has told Parliament he may turn down a law which requires aren't

:17:40.:17:43.

companies to transfer more than half of shares to black Zimbabweans. It

:17:44.:17:47.

comes after months of protests calling for the government to fix

:17:48.:17:51.

the failing economy and end corruption.

:17:52.:17:53.

Arriving to the opening of Parliament with his wife Graced by

:17:54.:17:59.

her side, Robert Mugabe, showing no signs of slowing down. The

:18:00.:18:04.

92-year-old has been in power for more than three decades, but his

:18:05.:18:11.

country is in trouble. Zimbabwe's economy is imploding. The country is

:18:12.:18:16.

running out of cash. Even a simple task of withdrawing money from a

:18:17.:18:21.

bank takes hours. It is estimated 85% of the population is unemployed.

:18:22.:18:26.

The majority relies on street trade to eat out a living. These vendors

:18:27.:18:32.

in Harare sleep on the streets, desperate to keep their positions,

:18:33.:18:35.

and too poor to make the daily trip home.

:18:36.:18:41.

But for millions, life in Zimbabwe is too hard to endure. In full view

:18:42.:18:47.

of the border, these young men illegally crossed the Limpopo river

:18:48.:18:51.

into South Africa in search of jobs. It is estimated that between three

:18:52.:18:55.

and 6 million Zimbabweans now live in South Africa.

:18:56.:19:01.

There are no jobs, no food. I'm going to look for a job.

:19:02.:19:09.

On the Zimbabwean side, there are no jobs. Now, the people are beating

:19:10.:19:12.

us. Desperation has forced millions of

:19:13.:19:15.

Zimbabweans to cross the border by any means. This has been happening

:19:16.:19:21.

for many years, but with the current situation in Zimbabwe, the numbers

:19:22.:19:25.

could increase. The deepening poverty appears to

:19:26.:19:29.

have united many, demanding economic reforms and an end to government

:19:30.:19:32.

corruption. The economy is not functioning.

:19:33.:19:37.

People are losing jobs. There is no purchasing power, so if you are

:19:38.:19:40.

selling goods manufacturing, you stop manufacturing, because nobody

:19:41.:19:43.

is buying your goods. So it is a downward spiral.

:19:44.:19:50.

For the first time in more than a decade, Zimbabweans have taken to

:19:51.:19:52.

the streets to voice their discontent. The most vocal are

:19:53.:19:57.

consistently and violently shut down. Dismantle the BBC how he was

:19:58.:20:06.

electrocuted and left for dead. -- this man told the BBC. They gave me

:20:07.:20:10.

electric shocks and kicked me until my body was numb.

:20:11.:20:13.

They thought I was dead. They left me on the side of the road and they

:20:14.:20:15.

drove away. The government has denied any

:20:16.:20:20.

overuse of force. This is unwarranted provocation, and

:20:21.:20:23.

I am so proud of the police, in that they exercise restraint on all

:20:24.:20:29.

occasions, and they have never used excessive force. They have used

:20:30.:20:33.

appropriate force. Anti-government protests look set to

:20:34.:20:38.

continue ahead of the 2018 elections, in which President Mugabe

:20:39.:20:42.

seeks his eighth term in office. For now, Zimbabweans will find it ever

:20:43.:20:47.

means they can to make a living, despite the country's ailing

:20:48.:20:47.

economy. Eating salmon may not be as good

:20:48.:20:52.

for you as you might think - if you're eating the farmed

:20:53.:20:55.

kind, that is. A new study shows levels of omega-3

:20:56.:20:57.

oils in those fish have halved Our Science Correspondent,

:20:58.:21:00.

Pallab Ghosh, has been to a salmon farm in the Highlands of Scotland

:21:01.:21:04.

to find out more. It is feeding time for the salmon.

:21:05.:21:22.

Thousands of them at a fish farm and Loch Leven. The Scottish Highlands

:21:23.:21:26.

and Islands is home to the fishing industry. It produces 30 million

:21:27.:21:30.

fish each year, and the worldwide demand is continuing to grow. But

:21:31.:21:34.

there is a problem. As the industry has been producing more fish, the

:21:35.:21:38.

nutritional value has been gradually declining.

:21:39.:21:43.

Quite an oily fish. Salmon is good for you, because of

:21:44.:21:46.

its beneficial omega three fish oils. Those are thought to stave off

:21:47.:21:52.

a range of illnesses, including heart disease, arthritis and

:21:53.:21:55.

diabetes. Five years ago, the amount of

:21:56.:22:01.

beneficial omega three in a portion of 130 grams, like we have here,

:22:02.:22:07.

would be around this amount. 3.5 grams of beneficial omega three,

:22:08.:22:11.

which in actual fact is our recommended weekly intake. However,

:22:12.:22:14.

now, that level has been about halved, and so, instead of having to

:22:15.:22:19.

read one portion of farmed salmon, we now have delete two portions to

:22:20.:22:23.

get our recommended weekly intake of omega three. -- we now have to eat.

:22:24.:22:29.

The salmon get their omega three oil from smaller oily fish such as

:22:30.:22:32.

anchovies, which have been ground up and added to the pellets that are

:22:33.:22:37.

being sprayed into the pens. But there is a limited supply of

:22:38.:22:40.

anchovies, and a growing demand for the salmon. So that means that all

:22:41.:22:44.

across the world, there are less oily fish to go rounds to make food

:22:45.:22:48.

for salmon. Scientists here are working on a solution, but it is a

:22:49.:22:54.

controversial one. These plants have been genetically modified to produce

:22:55.:22:58.

omega three fish oils that can be fed to the salmon.

:22:59.:23:02.

The production of fish oils is no longer limited by what is available

:23:03.:23:06.

from wild capture out of the ocean. It is also going to be augmented and

:23:07.:23:10.

helped by what we can produce by agriculture as well as by fishing.

:23:11.:23:15.

Farmed salmon is still one of the richest sources of omega-3 fish

:23:16.:23:20.

oils, but unless a solution can be found, the problem will continue to

:23:21.:23:22.

get worse. Now, which of these buildings

:23:23.:23:25.

would get your vote? Later this evening, we'll find out

:23:26.:23:27.

which has won this It's one of the most prestigious

:23:28.:23:29.

architecture awards in Britain and the world, and it's given

:23:30.:23:34.

to someone who's "made the greatest "contribution to the evolution

:23:35.:23:37.

of architecture." Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz

:23:38.:23:40.

looks at the contenders. Six new additions to the British

:23:41.:23:52.

landscape, all with sleek modernist lines, but among them, a 2016

:23:53.:23:57.

Stirling Prize winner. But which one will it be? Perhaps this private

:23:58.:24:01.

house, set deep in the landscape in the Forest of Dean could take the

:24:02.:24:05.

prize. It is a concrete bunker like new home for a couple of artists. Or

:24:06.:24:10.

maybe this seven building housing complex in London's Elephant In

:24:11.:24:14.

Cassell district will catch the judges' I. The design has won

:24:15.:24:18.

friends, but there have been concerned about insufficient social

:24:19.:24:21.

housing within the scheme. Just down the road is Damien Hirst's Newport

:24:22.:24:28.

Street Gallery, seeing the transformation of a building was

:24:29.:24:31.

used for creating theatrical scenery. Here is another one.

:24:32.:24:36.

Glasgow's riverside campus, a classy new addition to the banks of the

:24:37.:24:40.

river Clyde, with a huge in a hall to orientate and gather. It is one

:24:41.:24:44.

of three academic buildings on the short list. The other two are in

:24:45.:24:49.

Oxford. There is a reconfigured Weston Library, which takes Giles

:24:50.:24:53.

Gilbert Scott's World War II design and updates it for the 20th century,

:24:54.:24:56.

providing a space to serve both students and the public. A short

:24:57.:25:01.

walk away is the black nick School of government, a layered design of

:25:02.:25:06.

geometric forms that reference the city pot-macro architectural

:25:07.:25:10.

heritage. The question for the judges is...

:25:11.:25:13.

What do you look for in a piece of contemporary architecture?

:25:14.:25:19.

So, we are looking for a moment of transformation, an element of

:25:20.:25:21.

innovation that we are definitely looking for. We're looking at

:25:22.:25:24.

something has a degree of timelessness to it, so it is not

:25:25.:25:31.

obsolete in three or four years, so its longevity is not an issue, I

:25:32.:25:33.

guess. We will not have to wait long to

:25:34.:25:37.

find out which project he and his fellow judges award the prize. Their

:25:38.:25:40.

decision will be announced later this evening.

:25:41.:25:46.

And of course, we will be updating you as soon as we know who has won

:25:47.:25:51.

that. You stay tuned to BBC News. For the moment, that is it for me.

:25:52.:25:53.

Next, the weather. But for now, from me and the rest

:25:54.:25:54.

of the team, goodbye. Hello there. It is a quieter weather

:25:55.:26:09.

story across the UK, but a noticeably

:26:10.:26:10.

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