06/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Lebo Diseko.


The headlines - The UN's Syria envoy makes an impassioned


plea for an end to the bombardment of Aleppo.


Staffan de Mistura says the east of the city could be


wiped out by Christmas if the fighting doesn't stop.


The city of eastern Aleppo at this rate will be totally destroyed,


The city of eastern Aleppo at this rate will be totally destroyed.


And thousands of civilians, not terrorists, will be killed.


A picture of utter devastation along the southwestern peninsula of Haiti,


after it's hit by Hurricane Matthew. 140 people are dead.


Also coming up: A British Member of the European Parliament is taken


to hospital after a fight at a meeting with colleagues


And why eating farmed salmon might not be as healthy


Rebel-held Eastern Aleppo faces total destruction by Christmas -


that's the stark warning from the UN envoy to Syria today.


Staffan de Mistura said that he was prepared to personally


accompany jihadists out of the city if it would stop the fighting.


It's thought there are around 275,000 people currently living


in rebel-held parts of the city, which has been under


Of those, around 100,000 are children.


The Syrian government and Russia are carrying out an intense bombing


campaign to try and take the city back from rebel fighters,


of which around 900 belong to Jabhat Fateh al-Sham,


previously al Qaeda's franchise in Syria.


The UN said that targeting those militants was no justification


Here's our Diplomatic Correspondent James Landale.


There are 100,000 children trapped in eastern Aleppo,


and this little boy is one of the lucky ones.


Shabab was pulled from the building that killed the rest of his family,


yet another casualty in the rebel held part of the city,


where the UN says more than 270 people have been killed


and 600 injured in the last two weeks alone.


So, from the United Nations today, a warning that


unless the bombardment by Russian and Syrian forces stopped,


there will be nothing left by Christmas.


A maximum two months, two and a half months,


the city of Eastern Aleppo, at this rate, may be


We are talking about the old city in particular.


And thousands of Syrian civilians, not terrorists, will be killed.


There are believed to be 900 jihadist fighters,


formerly known as al-Nusra, left in eastern Aleppo,


seen here training recently alongside other allies.


The UN envoy said they should not risk further civilian casualties,


and instead withdraw from the city, offering to guarantee


If you do decide to leave, in dignity and with your weapons,


to anywhere you wanted to go, I personally am ready physically


France today called on President Assad to end


what its ministers called the deluge of fire and death


But the Syrian president denied once again that he was


If we are killing people, Syrian people, and destroying


hospitals and committing all these atrocities,


and we have been faced by all the great power


and the petrol dollars in the world, how can I be president


The conflict in Syria will be the priority for the next


Secretary-General of the United Nations,


Antonio Guterres, confirmed today as the Security Council's nominee.


The former Portuguese Prime Minister will try to succeed


As you heard there, the former prime minister


has been officially named as the new Secretary-General


He'll take over from Ban Ki-moon in January.


Mr Guterres was the UN High Commissioner for Refugees


for ten years until the end of last year.


He spoke of his gratitude to the UN Security Council for choosing him.


Gratitude, but also humility. Humility when facing the dramatic


problems of today's world, and humility that is needed


to serve, and especially to serve The victims of conflicts,


of terrorism, the victims of the violation of rights,


the victims of poverty And also, the humility


that is needed to recognise the inspiration that comes


from so many workers of the UN and its partners, that are doing


everything they can in the most Nada Tawfik joins me


from the United Nations in New York. He managed to get the support of all


five veto carrying members of the United nation 's security council.


How rare is that sort of show of unity?


Well, as we have seen with the war in Syria, getting the Security


Council to have a united voice can be difficult. That is not to say


that they haven't spoken with one voice in past conflicts, but again,


it comes down to what are the best interests of these countries. The UN


is only as good as is member states, and in the case of the Security


Council, the five veto wielding members. But I have to say, this was


really the first time that this process for Secretary-General, all


the members came out together to announce they had come to a swift


decision. The timing was right surprisingly Antonio Guterres is


going to come to the UN at one of the most difficult points in its


history, really. The chief mandate of the UN is to prevent conflicts,


and we're seeing conflicts raging across the globe, so he is going to


have a very tough time. He mentioned when he thanked the Security Council


for the nomination that he hopes this unity will follow through in


his work with the council. He mentioned there that there were


one of the most difficult times in terms of conflict around the world,


some of them seeming so intractable. There will be people who would say,


why does he want a job like this, and what does he bring that perhaps


his predecessor did not? Well, Mr Guterres has really been


applauded for the fact that he was a leader. He led Portugal as Prime


Minister. He also led the UN's Refugee Agency for a decade. He said


his personal mission coming into this will be to prevent conflicts,


to redo the UN so that instead of holding meeting after meeting, they


will be more focused on preventing conflict and goals. So, Mr Guterres


has the experience that others in the past have not had. As I say, he


has led a country before. For example, the French Ambassador


mentioned how he hopes Mr Guterres focuses on dogging partnerships


instead of rivalries here are the UN, because that has been a major


force, as we have seen, between Russia and the US, in preventing


certain outcomes in the Security Council, particularly on Syria.


We will have to leave it there. Thank you.


President Obama has declared a state of emergency in Florida as the


south-eastern United States braces itself for the arrival of hurricane


Matthew. More than 2 million people are facing evacuation orders, and


highways are jammed with people trying to leave. The hurricane is


thought now to have killed 140 people in the Caribbean, nearly all


of them in Haiti. The Bahamas, the latest landfall


for Hurricane Matthew. Winds of 125 mph lashed the capital


Nassau, bringing down And still almost 200 miles


of the Florida coast, And still almost 200 miles


off the Florida coast, the storm is already


making its presence felt. 1.5 million people have


been told to evacuate, emptying stores, gas stations,


clogging roads, heading inland for safer ground and to dozens


of shelters set up around the state. The Edwards family from Palm Beach


are making this one their home All my family is talking about is,


you need to hit the road right now. But the thing is, I don't


want to get caught out there on the road with three children,


so I just want to stay here. I feel like this is the safest


place for me right now. While it is not yet clear


where the storm will hit the Florida coast,


the governor says it could cause catastrophic


destruction. So if you are in an


evacuation zone, get out. This is not something you should


take a chance with. Time is running out.


Leave, there is no excuses. The roads are open.


You should get out. Our number one priority


is protecting everyone's life. In Haiti, the scale


of the devastation Thousands of people have


lost their homes, and more than 100 are now reported dead,


with the total expected Parts of the island


are still cut off. In Florida, the National Guard


and federal emergency staff have been called in as a number


of airports and schools are closed. Matthew's expected to strengthen


as it approaches the coast, in what meteorologists say


is the most ferocious As we've been hearing,


Hurricane Matthew has again become a Category Four storm -


that means dangerously strong winds as it makes its way


towards the United States. BBC Weather presenter Helen Willets


is tracking Matthew's course. With sustained winds forecast of


about 142 140 miles an hour, which is 230 kilometres per hour, which is


a sustained wind, we will see costs well in excess of that. It had very


close to the Florida coastline, and may well make landfall, brush its


way northwards and be very close to the Georgia and Carolina coastline


late on Friday and Saturday. So it will have far-reaching consequences.


We have the triple whammy of a storm surge up to four meters, potentially


6-10 inches of rain falling, and really powerful, destructive winds


which will rip up anything in their wake. It is a very serious storm


indeed. Hundreds of thousands of people are being evacuated in this


way, but clearly, it will have devastating effects.


You can follow the course of the hurricane on our website.


There is a live page there, constantly being updated as the


storm moves north. There is also a picture gallery


showing the damage the storm has already caused, and you can also get


eyewitness accounts from survivors. Also, a very interesting piece on


what actually makes the different categorisations of a hurricane. That


is on our site. Turmoil in the UK Independence Party


after one of its leadership contenders was rushed to hospital


after he collapsed outside the European


parliament in Strasbourg. Steven Woolfe suffered two


fits following a fight Ukip's interim leader, Nigel Farage,


condemned the incident, saying it was bad for Ukip's image


and made them look violent. Our deputy political editor


John Pienaar reports. Steven Woolfe's no household name,


at least until now, but he was favourite


to lead his party, a party torn apart by feuding


and faction fighting, His far better known and biggest


supporter Nigel Farage put out the news in a tweet -


there had been a fight. Steven Woolfe had collapsed


after an altercation at a meeting He described his


condition as serious. Tonight, though, Mr Farage


reported his colleague Steven Woolfe is in a much better


place than he was a fewer hours ago. Steven Woolfe is in a much better


place than he was a few hours ago. He did, as you know,


collapse coming out of the chamber during the voting session and


hit the ground pretty hard. He has suffered two seizures,


one quite major one, which is obviously pretty serious,


and he did lose consciousness for a bit, so things


were pretty bad. As for the events that led up to it,


well, it is two grown men getting It is not very seemly behaviour,


but I'm not today going to get Tempers flared after Mr Woolfe told


the BBC he had been tempted to join the Conservatives


after Theresa May's At a private meeting


of MEPs, there was a row. It spilled outside and punches


were reportedly thrown. Two hours later, Mr Woolfe collapsed


and was taken to hospital. A short while ago, Mr Woolfe himself


confirmed he was on the mend. He said in a tweet, "at the moment,


I am feeling brighter, happier, Ukip tasted triumph when Britain


voted to leave the EU. But the party's known nothing


but split and schisms since, divided equally for and


against Nigel Farage. Diane James reigned as leader


for just 18 days before she decided she lacked the authority


to lead and stood down, Now, Steven Woolfe, mixed race


but tough on migration, may again be favourite to lead,


though not many outside the party Now a look at some of


the day's other news. Ten people are reported to have been


injured in a bomb attack targeting a police station in the Turkish


city of Istanbul. The provincial governor says device


was attached to a motorbike No group has said it was behind


the attack, close to the city's main airport, but both Kurdish militants


and so-called Islamic State have Nine Australians arrested


for stripping off at the Malaysian Formula One Grand Prix


have walked free from a court. The group, known as the "Budgie


Nine", were charged with public nuisance, which carries


a fine but no jail time. The men were detained after posing


in swimwear decorated with the Malaysian flag to celebrate


Australian Daniel Ricciardo's win Deutsche Bank has


announced that 1,000 jobs The move adds to the 3,000 job


losses announced in June. The bank has been under intense


pressure since mid-September, when US authorities said they wanted


the firm to pay $14 billion to settle an investigation


into mortgage-backed securities. Parliament in Poland has


voted to reject a strict It would have meant almost


a complete ban on the procedure, Women who terminated their pregnancy


would have faced up The proposed abortion ban has


provoked strong emotions. Both among politicians, and on the streets.


Demonstrations for and against the proposal have been taking place for


months. Coat hangers symbolise the cruelty of illegal abortions. The


Catholic Church and some members of Poland's governing right wing Law


And Justice Party initially supported the total ban, even though


Poland already has one of Europe's most restrictive abortion laws. The


procedure is only allowed in cases of rape or incest, or when the


health of the woman or foetus is seriously endangered. The event that


changed minds in the governing camp was a nationwide protest some days


ago. An estimated 100,000 people, mostly women, took part in a strike


and street protests. It was a potent display of defiance against a bill


that threaten women with prison. Under the proposal, abortions would


be banned in cases of rape. They would only be allowed in order to


save a woman's life. One government minister said the protest had taught


him a lesson in humility. Poland's Prime Minister said the debate had


got out of hand. TRANSLATION: Emotions that have


formed around this topic in recent days are too high in my opinion. All


public figures and politicians are responsible for soothing them. This


is a very serious and difficult debate, and for many people, a very


dramatic one. We should respect different


opinions. Before the vote in parliament,


Poland's Catholic bishops said that while they supported a total ban,


they opposed punishing women. In the end, Poland's politicians


overwhelmingly rejected the bill. They saw the mood in the country and


voted accordingly. Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe


has told Parliament he may turn down a law which requires aren't


companies to transfer more than half of shares to black Zimbabweans. It


comes after months of protests calling for the government to fix


the failing economy and end corruption.


Arriving to the opening of Parliament with his wife Graced by


her side, Robert Mugabe, showing no signs of slowing down. The


92-year-old has been in power for more than three decades, but his


country is in trouble. Zimbabwe's economy is imploding. The country is


running out of cash. Even a simple task of withdrawing money from a


bank takes hours. It is estimated 85% of the population is unemployed.


The majority relies on street trade to eat out a living. These vendors


in Harare sleep on the streets, desperate to keep their positions,


and too poor to make the daily trip home.


But for millions, life in Zimbabwe is too hard to endure. In full view


of the border, these young men illegally crossed the Limpopo river


into South Africa in search of jobs. It is estimated that between three


and 6 million Zimbabweans now live in South Africa.


There are no jobs, no food. I'm going to look for a job.


On the Zimbabwean side, there are no jobs. Now, the people are beating


us. Desperation has forced millions of


Zimbabweans to cross the border by any means. This has been happening


for many years, but with the current situation in Zimbabwe, the numbers


could increase. The deepening poverty appears to


have united many, demanding economic reforms and an end to government


corruption. The economy is not functioning.


People are losing jobs. There is no purchasing power, so if you are


selling goods manufacturing, you stop manufacturing, because nobody


is buying your goods. So it is a downward spiral.


For the first time in more than a decade, Zimbabweans have taken to


the streets to voice their discontent. The most vocal are


consistently and violently shut down. Dismantle the BBC how he was


electrocuted and left for dead. -- this man told the BBC. They gave me


electric shocks and kicked me until my body was numb.


They thought I was dead. They left me on the side of the road and they


drove away. The government has denied any


overuse of force. This is unwarranted provocation, and


I am so proud of the police, in that they exercise restraint on all


occasions, and they have never used excessive force. They have used


appropriate force. Anti-government protests look set to


continue ahead of the 2018 elections, in which President Mugabe


seeks his eighth term in office. For now, Zimbabweans will find it ever


means they can to make a living, despite the country's ailing


economy. Eating salmon may not be as good


for you as you might think - if you're eating the farmed


kind, that is. A new study shows levels of omega-3


oils in those fish have halved Our Science Correspondent,


Pallab Ghosh, has been to a salmon farm in the Highlands of Scotland


to find out more. It is feeding time for the salmon.


Thousands of them at a fish farm and Loch Leven. The Scottish Highlands


and Islands is home to the fishing industry. It produces 30 million


fish each year, and the worldwide demand is continuing to grow. But


there is a problem. As the industry has been producing more fish, the


nutritional value has been gradually declining.


Quite an oily fish. Salmon is good for you, because of


its beneficial omega three fish oils. Those are thought to stave off


a range of illnesses, including heart disease, arthritis and


diabetes. Five years ago, the amount of


beneficial omega three in a portion of 130 grams, like we have here,


would be around this amount. 3.5 grams of beneficial omega three,


which in actual fact is our recommended weekly intake. However,


now, that level has been about halved, and so, instead of having to


read one portion of farmed salmon, we now have delete two portions to


get our recommended weekly intake of omega three. -- we now have to eat.


The salmon get their omega three oil from smaller oily fish such as


anchovies, which have been ground up and added to the pellets that are


being sprayed into the pens. But there is a limited supply of


anchovies, and a growing demand for the salmon. So that means that all


across the world, there are less oily fish to go rounds to make food


for salmon. Scientists here are working on a solution, but it is a


controversial one. These plants have been genetically modified to produce


omega three fish oils that can be fed to the salmon.


The production of fish oils is no longer limited by what is available


from wild capture out of the ocean. It is also going to be augmented and


helped by what we can produce by agriculture as well as by fishing.


Farmed salmon is still one of the richest sources of omega-3 fish


oils, but unless a solution can be found, the problem will continue to


get worse. Now, which of these buildings


would get your vote? Later this evening, we'll find out


which has won this It's one of the most prestigious


architecture awards in Britain and the world, and it's given


to someone who's "made the greatest "contribution to the evolution


of architecture." Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz


looks at the contenders. Six new additions to the British


landscape, all with sleek modernist lines, but among them, a 2016


Stirling Prize winner. But which one will it be? Perhaps this private


house, set deep in the landscape in the Forest of Dean could take the


prize. It is a concrete bunker like new home for a couple of artists. Or


maybe this seven building housing complex in London's Elephant In


Cassell district will catch the judges' I. The design has won


friends, but there have been concerned about insufficient social


housing within the scheme. Just down the road is Damien Hirst's Newport


Street Gallery, seeing the transformation of a building was


used for creating theatrical scenery. Here is another one.


Glasgow's riverside campus, a classy new addition to the banks of the


river Clyde, with a huge in a hall to orientate and gather. It is one


of three academic buildings on the short list. The other two are in


Oxford. There is a reconfigured Weston Library, which takes Giles


Gilbert Scott's World War II design and updates it for the 20th century,


providing a space to serve both students and the public. A short


walk away is the black nick School of government, a layered design of


geometric forms that reference the city pot-macro architectural


heritage. The question for the judges is...


What do you look for in a piece of contemporary architecture?


So, we are looking for a moment of transformation, an element of


innovation that we are definitely looking for. We're looking at


something has a degree of timelessness to it, so it is not


obsolete in three or four years, so its longevity is not an issue, I


guess. We will not have to wait long to


find out which project he and his fellow judges award the prize. Their


decision will be announced later this evening.


And of course, we will be updating you as soon as we know who has won


that. You stay tuned to BBC News. For the moment, that is it for me.


Next, the weather. But for now, from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Hello there. It is a quieter weather


story across the UK, but a noticeably


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