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This is BBC World News Today with me, Lebo Diseko.
The headlines - The UN's Syria envoy makes an impassioned
plea for an end to the bombardment of Aleppo.
Staffan de Mistura says the east of the city could be
wiped out by Christmas if the fighting doesn't stop.
The city of eastern Aleppo at this rate will be totally destroyed,
The city of eastern Aleppo at this rate will be totally destroyed.
And thousands of civilians, not terrorists, will be killed.
A picture of utter devastation along the southwestern peninsula of Haiti,
after it's hit by Hurricane Matthew. 140 people are dead.
Also coming up: A British Member of the European Parliament is taken
to hospital after a fight at a meeting with colleagues
And why eating farmed salmon might not be as healthy
Rebel-held Eastern Aleppo faces total destruction by Christmas -
that's the stark warning from the UN envoy to Syria today.
Staffan de Mistura said that he was prepared to personally
accompany jihadists out of the city if it would stop the fighting.
It's thought there are around 275,000 people currently living
in rebel-held parts of the city, which has been under
Of those, around 100,000 are children.
The Syrian government and Russia are carrying out an intense bombing
campaign to try and take the city back from rebel fighters,
of which around 900 belong to Jabhat Fateh al-Sham,
previously al Qaeda's franchise in Syria.
The UN said that targeting those militants was no justification
Here's our Diplomatic Correspondent James Landale.
There are 100,000 children trapped in eastern Aleppo,
and this little boy is one of the lucky ones.
Shabab was pulled from the building that killed the rest of his family,
yet another casualty in the rebel held part of the city,
where the UN says more than 270 people have been killed
and 600 injured in the last two weeks alone.
So, from the United Nations today, a warning that
unless the bombardment by Russian and Syrian forces stopped,
there will be nothing left by Christmas.
A maximum two months, two and a half months,
the city of Eastern Aleppo, at this rate, may be
We are talking about the old city in particular.
And thousands of Syrian civilians, not terrorists, will be killed.
There are believed to be 900 jihadist fighters,
formerly known as al-Nusra, left in eastern Aleppo,
seen here training recently alongside other allies.
The UN envoy said they should not risk further civilian casualties,
and instead withdraw from the city, offering to guarantee
If you do decide to leave, in dignity and with your weapons,
to anywhere you wanted to go, I personally am ready physically
France today called on President Assad to end
what its ministers called the deluge of fire and death
But the Syrian president denied once again that he was
If we are killing people, Syrian people, and destroying
hospitals and committing all these atrocities,
and we have been faced by all the great power
and the petrol dollars in the world, how can I be president
The conflict in Syria will be the priority for the next
Secretary-General of the United Nations,
Antonio Guterres, confirmed today as the Security Council's nominee.
The former Portuguese Prime Minister will try to succeed
As you heard there, the former prime minister
has been officially named as the new Secretary-General
He'll take over from Ban Ki-moon in January.
Mr Guterres was the UN High Commissioner for Refugees
for ten years until the end of last year.
He spoke of his gratitude to the UN Security Council for choosing him.
Gratitude, but also humility. Humility when facing the dramatic
problems of today's world, and humility that is needed
to serve, and especially to serve The victims of conflicts,
of terrorism, the victims of the violation of rights,
the victims of poverty And also, the humility
that is needed to recognise the inspiration that comes
from so many workers of the UN and its partners, that are doing
everything they can in the most Nada Tawfik joins me
from the United Nations in New York. He managed to get the support of all
five veto carrying members of the United nation 's security council.
How rare is that sort of show of unity?
Well, as we have seen with the war in Syria, getting the Security
Council to have a united voice can be difficult. That is not to say
that they haven't spoken with one voice in past conflicts, but again,
it comes down to what are the best interests of these countries. The UN
is only as good as is member states, and in the case of the Security
Council, the five veto wielding members. But I have to say, this was
really the first time that this process for Secretary-General, all
the members came out together to announce they had come to a swift
decision. The timing was right surprisingly Antonio Guterres is
going to come to the UN at one of the most difficult points in its
history, really. The chief mandate of the UN is to prevent conflicts,
and we're seeing conflicts raging across the globe, so he is going to
have a very tough time. He mentioned when he thanked the Security Council
for the nomination that he hopes this unity will follow through in
his work with the council. He mentioned there that there were
one of the most difficult times in terms of conflict around the world,
some of them seeming so intractable. There will be people who would say,
why does he want a job like this, and what does he bring that perhaps
his predecessor did not? Well, Mr Guterres has really been
applauded for the fact that he was a leader. He led Portugal as Prime
Minister. He also led the UN's Refugee Agency for a decade. He said
his personal mission coming into this will be to prevent conflicts,
to redo the UN so that instead of holding meeting after meeting, they
will be more focused on preventing conflict and goals. So, Mr Guterres
has the experience that others in the past have not had. As I say, he
has led a country before. For example, the French Ambassador
mentioned how he hopes Mr Guterres focuses on dogging partnerships
instead of rivalries here are the UN, because that has been a major
force, as we have seen, between Russia and the US, in preventing
certain outcomes in the Security Council, particularly on Syria.
We will have to leave it there. Thank you.
President Obama has declared a state of emergency in Florida as the
south-eastern United States braces itself for the arrival of hurricane
Matthew. More than 2 million people are facing evacuation orders, and
highways are jammed with people trying to leave. The hurricane is
thought now to have killed 140 people in the Caribbean, nearly all
of them in Haiti. The Bahamas, the latest landfall
for Hurricane Matthew. Winds of 125 mph lashed the capital
Nassau, bringing down And still almost 200 miles
of the Florida coast, And still almost 200 miles
off the Florida coast, the storm is already
making its presence felt. 1.5 million people have
been told to evacuate, emptying stores, gas stations,
clogging roads, heading inland for safer ground and to dozens
of shelters set up around the state. The Edwards family from Palm Beach
are making this one their home All my family is talking about is,
you need to hit the road right now. But the thing is, I don't
want to get caught out there on the road with three children,
so I just want to stay here. I feel like this is the safest
place for me right now. While it is not yet clear
where the storm will hit the Florida coast,
the governor says it could cause catastrophic
destruction. So if you are in an
evacuation zone, get out. This is not something you should
take a chance with. Time is running out.
Leave, there is no excuses. The roads are open.
You should get out. Our number one priority
is protecting everyone's life. In Haiti, the scale
of the devastation Thousands of people have
lost their homes, and more than 100 are now reported dead,
with the total expected Parts of the island
are still cut off. In Florida, the National Guard
and federal emergency staff have been called in as a number
of airports and schools are closed. Matthew's expected to strengthen
as it approaches the coast, in what meteorologists say
is the most ferocious As we've been hearing,
Hurricane Matthew has again become a Category Four storm -
that means dangerously strong winds as it makes its way
towards the United States. BBC Weather presenter Helen Willets
is tracking Matthew's course. With sustained winds forecast of
about 142 140 miles an hour, which is 230 kilometres per hour, which is
a sustained wind, we will see costs well in excess of that. It had very
close to the Florida coastline, and may well make landfall, brush its
way northwards and be very close to the Georgia and Carolina coastline
late on Friday and Saturday. So it will have far-reaching consequences.
We have the triple whammy of a storm surge up to four meters, potentially
6-10 inches of rain falling, and really powerful, destructive winds
which will rip up anything in their wake. It is a very serious storm
indeed. Hundreds of thousands of people are being evacuated in this
way, but clearly, it will have devastating effects.
You can follow the course of the hurricane on our website.
There is a live page there, constantly being updated as the
storm moves north. There is also a picture gallery
showing the damage the storm has already caused, and you can also get
eyewitness accounts from survivors. Also, a very interesting piece on
what actually makes the different categorisations of a hurricane. That
is on our site. Turmoil in the UK Independence Party
after one of its leadership contenders was rushed to hospital
after he collapsed outside the European
parliament in Strasbourg. Steven Woolfe suffered two
fits following a fight Ukip's interim leader, Nigel Farage,
condemned the incident, saying it was bad for Ukip's image
and made them look violent. Our deputy political editor
John Pienaar reports. Steven Woolfe's no household name,
at least until now, but he was favourite
to lead his party, a party torn apart by feuding
and faction fighting, His far better known and biggest
supporter Nigel Farage put out the news in a tweet -
there had been a fight. Steven Woolfe had collapsed
after an altercation at a meeting He described his
condition as serious. Tonight, though, Mr Farage
reported his colleague Steven Woolfe is in a much better
place than he was a fewer hours ago. Steven Woolfe is in a much better
place than he was a few hours ago. He did, as you know,
collapse coming out of the chamber during the voting session and
hit the ground pretty hard. He has suffered two seizures,
one quite major one, which is obviously pretty serious,
and he did lose consciousness for a bit, so things
were pretty bad. As for the events that led up to it,
well, it is two grown men getting It is not very seemly behaviour,
but I'm not today going to get Tempers flared after Mr Woolfe told
the BBC he had been tempted to join the Conservatives
after Theresa May's At a private meeting
of MEPs, there was a row. It spilled outside and punches
were reportedly thrown. Two hours later, Mr Woolfe collapsed
and was taken to hospital. A short while ago, Mr Woolfe himself
confirmed he was on the mend. He said in a tweet, "at the moment,
I am feeling brighter, happier, Ukip tasted triumph when Britain
voted to leave the EU. But the party's known nothing
but split and schisms since, divided equally for and
against Nigel Farage. Diane James reigned as leader
for just 18 days before she decided she lacked the authority
to lead and stood down, Now, Steven Woolfe, mixed race
but tough on migration, may again be favourite to lead,
though not many outside the party Now a look at some of
the day's other news. Ten people are reported to have been
injured in a bomb attack targeting a police station in the Turkish
city of Istanbul. The provincial governor says device
was attached to a motorbike No group has said it was behind
the attack, close to the city's main airport, but both Kurdish militants
and so-called Islamic State have Nine Australians arrested
for stripping off at the Malaysian Formula One Grand Prix
have walked free from a court. The group, known as the "Budgie
Nine", were charged with public nuisance, which carries
a fine but no jail time. The men were detained after posing
in swimwear decorated with the Malaysian flag to celebrate
Australian Daniel Ricciardo's win Deutsche Bank has
announced that 1,000 jobs The move adds to the 3,000 job
losses announced in June. The bank has been under intense
pressure since mid-September, when US authorities said they wanted
the firm to pay $14 billion to settle an investigation
into mortgage-backed securities. Parliament in Poland has
voted to reject a strict It would have meant almost
a complete ban on the procedure, Women who terminated their pregnancy
would have faced up The proposed abortion ban has
provoked strong emotions. Both among politicians, and on the streets.
Demonstrations for and against the proposal have been taking place for
months. Coat hangers symbolise the cruelty of illegal abortions. The
Catholic Church and some members of Poland's governing right wing Law
And Justice Party initially supported the total ban, even though
Poland already has one of Europe's most restrictive abortion laws. The
procedure is only allowed in cases of rape or incest, or when the
health of the woman or foetus is seriously endangered. The event that
changed minds in the governing camp was a nationwide protest some days
ago. An estimated 100,000 people, mostly women, took part in a strike
and street protests. It was a potent display of defiance against a bill
that threaten women with prison. Under the proposal, abortions would
be banned in cases of rape. They would only be allowed in order to
save a woman's life. One government minister said the protest had taught
him a lesson in humility. Poland's Prime Minister said the debate had
got out of hand. TRANSLATION: Emotions that have
formed around this topic in recent days are too high in my opinion. All
public figures and politicians are responsible for soothing them. This
is a very serious and difficult debate, and for many people, a very
dramatic one. We should respect different
opinions. Before the vote in parliament,
Poland's Catholic bishops said that while they supported a total ban,
they opposed punishing women. In the end, Poland's politicians
overwhelmingly rejected the bill. They saw the mood in the country and
voted accordingly. Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe
has told Parliament he may turn down a law which requires aren't
companies to transfer more than half of shares to black Zimbabweans. It
comes after months of protests calling for the government to fix
the failing economy and end corruption.
Arriving to the opening of Parliament with his wife Graced by
her side, Robert Mugabe, showing no signs of slowing down. The
92-year-old has been in power for more than three decades, but his
country is in trouble. Zimbabwe's economy is imploding. The country is
running out of cash. Even a simple task of withdrawing money from a
bank takes hours. It is estimated 85% of the population is unemployed.
The majority relies on street trade to eat out a living. These vendors
in Harare sleep on the streets, desperate to keep their positions,
and too poor to make the daily trip home.
But for millions, life in Zimbabwe is too hard to endure. In full view
of the border, these young men illegally crossed the Limpopo river
into South Africa in search of jobs. It is estimated that between three
and 6 million Zimbabweans now live in South Africa.
There are no jobs, no food. I'm going to look for a job.
On the Zimbabwean side, there are no jobs. Now, the people are beating
us. Desperation has forced millions of
Zimbabweans to cross the border by any means. This has been happening
for many years, but with the current situation in Zimbabwe, the numbers
could increase. The deepening poverty appears to
have united many, demanding economic reforms and an end to government
corruption. The economy is not functioning.
People are losing jobs. There is no purchasing power, so if you are
selling goods manufacturing, you stop manufacturing, because nobody
is buying your goods. So it is a downward spiral.
For the first time in more than a decade, Zimbabweans have taken to
the streets to voice their discontent. The most vocal are
consistently and violently shut down. Dismantle the BBC how he was
electrocuted and left for dead. -- this man told the BBC. They gave me
electric shocks and kicked me until my body was numb.
They thought I was dead. They left me on the side of the road and they
drove away. The government has denied any
overuse of force. This is unwarranted provocation, and
I am so proud of the police, in that they exercise restraint on all
occasions, and they have never used excessive force. They have used
appropriate force. Anti-government protests look set to
continue ahead of the 2018 elections, in which President Mugabe
seeks his eighth term in office. For now, Zimbabweans will find it ever
means they can to make a living, despite the country's ailing
economy. Eating salmon may not be as good
for you as you might think - if you're eating the farmed
kind, that is. A new study shows levels of omega-3
oils in those fish have halved Our Science Correspondent,
Pallab Ghosh, has been to a salmon farm in the Highlands of Scotland
to find out more. It is feeding time for the salmon.
Thousands of them at a fish farm and Loch Leven. The Scottish Highlands
and Islands is home to the fishing industry. It produces 30 million
fish each year, and the worldwide demand is continuing to grow. But
there is a problem. As the industry has been producing more fish, the
nutritional value has been gradually declining.
Quite an oily fish. Salmon is good for you, because of
its beneficial omega three fish oils. Those are thought to stave off
a range of illnesses, including heart disease, arthritis and
diabetes. Five years ago, the amount of
beneficial omega three in a portion of 130 grams, like we have here,
would be around this amount. 3.5 grams of beneficial omega three,
which in actual fact is our recommended weekly intake. However,
now, that level has been about halved, and so, instead of having to
read one portion of farmed salmon, we now have delete two portions to
get our recommended weekly intake of omega three. -- we now have to eat.
The salmon get their omega three oil from smaller oily fish such as
anchovies, which have been ground up and added to the pellets that are
being sprayed into the pens. But there is a limited supply of
anchovies, and a growing demand for the salmon. So that means that all
across the world, there are less oily fish to go rounds to make food
for salmon. Scientists here are working on a solution, but it is a
controversial one. These plants have been genetically modified to produce
omega three fish oils that can be fed to the salmon.
The production of fish oils is no longer limited by what is available
from wild capture out of the ocean. It is also going to be augmented and
helped by what we can produce by agriculture as well as by fishing.
Farmed salmon is still one of the richest sources of omega-3 fish
oils, but unless a solution can be found, the problem will continue to
get worse. Now, which of these buildings
would get your vote? Later this evening, we'll find out
which has won this It's one of the most prestigious
architecture awards in Britain and the world, and it's given
to someone who's "made the greatest "contribution to the evolution
of architecture." Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz
looks at the contenders. Six new additions to the British
landscape, all with sleek modernist lines, but among them, a 2016
Stirling Prize winner. But which one will it be? Perhaps this private
house, set deep in the landscape in the Forest of Dean could take the
prize. It is a concrete bunker like new home for a couple of artists. Or
maybe this seven building housing complex in London's Elephant In
Cassell district will catch the judges' I. The design has won
friends, but there have been concerned about insufficient social
housing within the scheme. Just down the road is Damien Hirst's Newport
Street Gallery, seeing the transformation of a building was
used for creating theatrical scenery. Here is another one.
Glasgow's riverside campus, a classy new addition to the banks of the
river Clyde, with a huge in a hall to orientate and gather. It is one
of three academic buildings on the short list. The other two are in
Oxford. There is a reconfigured Weston Library, which takes Giles
Gilbert Scott's World War II design and updates it for the 20th century,
providing a space to serve both students and the public. A short
walk away is the black nick School of government, a layered design of
geometric forms that reference the city pot-macro architectural
heritage. The question for the judges is...
What do you look for in a piece of contemporary architecture?
So, we are looking for a moment of transformation, an element of
innovation that we are definitely looking for. We're looking at
something has a degree of timelessness to it, so it is not
obsolete in three or four years, so its longevity is not an issue, I
guess. We will not have to wait long to
find out which project he and his fellow judges award the prize. Their
decision will be announced later this evening.
And of course, we will be updating you as soon as we know who has won
that. You stay tuned to BBC News. For the moment, that is it for me.
Next, the weather. But for now, from me and the rest
of the team, goodbye. Hello there. It is a quieter weather
story across the UK, but a noticeably