05/10/2016 World News Today


05/10/2016

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tom Donkin.

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Here's the Headlines: Hurricane Matthew leaves a trail

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of destruction across Haiti - thousands have been displaced

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Portugal's former Prime Minister Antonio Guterres looks set to be

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the next secretary-general of the United Nations.

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A contractor for the US National Security Agency has been

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charged with stealing top secret information.

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And how long are we going to live for?

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Scientists say 115 is likely to be the best we can hope for.

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It's the most powerful hurricane to hit the Caribbean in nearly

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a decade, and already it's killed at least nine people.

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So far the winds, rains and storm surges of Hurricane Matthew have

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hit Haiti the hardest, causing at least two deaths.

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Cuba and the Bahamas have also been in the firing line,

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and as the storm moves north, the United States is next.

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President Obama has said people should, "Hope for the best

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but prepare for the worst", and a mass evacuation is underway

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But in Haiti, they're trying to pick up the pieces.

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The UN says the country has suffered its worst humanitarian

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disaster since the earthquake six years ago.

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Nick Bryant has this report from the capital Port au Prince.

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Disaster must often seem like a way of life

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for the hard-pressed people of Haiti.

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This morning, the residents were trying to make this journey on foot.

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A journey that they could previously have made by car.

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The bridge linking the main road from

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the capital to the worst affected communities in the south of this

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It has severed this town in half and severely

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Homes have been swamped by the deluge of rain.

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And destroyed by 140 mile an hour winds.

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This shanty dwelling only just survived the

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But here, just a few yards away in what now

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looks like wasteland, the homes of four

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families were washed away as

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the flood waters rushed down the valley.

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These are the people made homeless, these are the children

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whose futures seem to be continually blighted by tragedy.

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The epicentre of the 2010 earthquake was

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So it's not just sorrow they are feeling, but

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The children have just started school, their mother told

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me, and their new uniforms were washed away.

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This storm has left a trail of third world destruction, and this country

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is struggling to cope. As Hurricane Matthew moves north,

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and more than a million people in the US start to move out

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of its way, forecasters are examining the different paths

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the storm could take. Tomasz Schafnernaker from the BBC

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Weather Centre explains. Here's the uncertainty in the

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weather forecast. So as we see, the storm moves over the Bahamas on

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Thursday and then it is the central and eastern coast of Florida that is

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not used to intense horror games, if the storm stays 100 or 200 miles out

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to sea, it will not be as bad as the impact lance. Dash-mac they not used

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to intense her retains. It could be here, are to be way out there. This

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could mean many days of very destructive winds and storm surges

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still to come. If you don't recognise this man now,

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you probably will soon. He's Portugal's former

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Prime Minister Antonio Guterres - and he's poised to become the next

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secretary general of the United With none of the five permanent

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members of the Security Council opposing his nomination,

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he's likely to be confirmed Mr Guterres has been head of the UN

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refugee agency for ten years. Nada Tawfik is at the United

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Nations for us now. Good to see you. Apart from maybe

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the Pope and the US president, there are few jobs which have as much

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exposure and air miles. Antonio Guterres is not one who shies away

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from the spotlight. And he is also used to international diplomacy, so

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he seems like a pretty good candidate. Yes, and I have to say,

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the reaction to his election has been very positive. He has been an

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advocate for the rights of refugees when the world is seeing the largest

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refugee crisis really since world War II. He has groups such as human

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rights watch really praising him and says that he is an advocate and hope

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that he continues to do that once he becomes the UN Secretary-General.

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And really, Antonio Guterres during this whole process of when he was

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interviewed in the UN General Assembly, diplomats said that he

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really stood out, that he had the vision for the top job, he had the

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most experience to offer, and so while there were criticisms that a

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woman should have taken this post after we have had eight passed mail

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Secretary-General 's, the British ambassador Matthew Rycroft told me

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that it really was in fact that he was the best candidate. At the start

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of the names on the ballot were female, so a lot of people were

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hoping for the first one in 70 years of the organisation. But what needs

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to happen now for Antonio Guterres to get over the line here? Well, now

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the Security Council is going to finalise their recommendation

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tomorrow to a vote in the Security Council. None of the permanent five

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members have vetoed him. He has the majority supported the council, so

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that is likely to go through. They will send a recommendation over to

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the UN General Secretary, the body that has to make the final decision

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on that. We do not know when the final vote will take place, but I

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have to say, it is all must assured at this point that he will be the

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next UN Secretary-General after getting through the Security

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Council. Thanks very much. Now let's take a look at some

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of the day's other news. Almost 6,000 people

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were rescued from the They were on board boats

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trying to reach Europe It's one of the largest number

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of people rescued in a single day International donors are meeting

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in Brussels to raise billions more They are expected to

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pledge 3 billion dollars Afghanistan will be asked to do more

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to tackle corruption and to take back tens of thousands

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of failed asylum seekers. Poland's Deputy Prime Minister has

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said proposals put before parliament for a near-total ban on abortion

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will not be implemented. A citizens' bill backed

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by the Catholic Church aims to ban all abortions except

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if the mother's life is at risk. On Monday, tens of thousands

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of people protested about the plan. The US Justice Department says

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a National Security Agency contractor has been charged

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with stealing highly It said the documents obtained

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by Harold Thomas Martin were critical to a wide variety

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of national security Our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue

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joins us from Washington. Gary, we mentioned eight contract

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that was being charged in the same breath as Edward Snowden,

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responsible for the biggest leak in NSA history. What more do we know

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about these charges? We do know for a start that Martin worked for the

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same contractor that Edward Snowden worked for, so that will send some

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shivers up the few spines here in Washington, I think. What we know is

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that his house and his car were searched on the 27th of August and

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they recovered a number of what they would describe as highly sensitive

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documents. Six in particular they are interested in that they say were

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from intelligence sources, and if they would have been disclosed they

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could have revealed some sensitive sources and capabilities. Now, these

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charges that he is facing Ark -- have the potential to put him in

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jail for ten years. We are deciding statement from his lawyers who said

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that Mr Martin loves his family and loved his country and there is no

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evidence that he was intending to be traded. This will worry a lot of

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people in Washington. The Obama Government has spent so much money

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protecting itself from hacks and external forces, but they can't

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fully protect themselves from those home-grown threats of leaks from

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within. So this will really work the some people in the securities is

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judgment. Yes, it certainly will. It is early stages in this case,

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obviously. We don't really know the nature of the information this man

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is meant to have had, why he had it, what he intended to do with it, but

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it is embarrassing there is no question. And coming off the back of

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the revelations a couple of years ago from Edward Snowden, people will

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wonder what lessons have been learned. Thank you very much, Gary.

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A man armed with a knife has wounded two Belgian police officers

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in an attack described by the authorities as

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It happened on a street in northern Brussels. The suspect was arrested

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after being shot in the leg by officers from another unit.

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We now know that this man, the attacker, has been identified as

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police as a 43-year-old man of Belgian nationality. His name has

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been given. That is standard practice here, not to give his full

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name but instead the initial of his surname. He was taken to hospital

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for treatment for a gunshot wound to his leg. That was sustained when he

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was arrested. Now, he had attacked two police officers north of the

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city centre in a residential area but close to a main busy road that

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runs through there. And eyewitness described to Belgian media how he

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had lunged at one police opposite, knocking him to the ground and

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continue to strike blows on that officer as the officer tried to pull

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off into the bushes. We know he was armed with a knife. He then turned

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on a second officer, winded them, left them bleeding and was then

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apprehended when a police patrol unit arrived, shot him in the leg, a

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scuffle happened, the injured in office and there by breaking their

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nose and was then taking -- taken away. We say they are treating this

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as a potential terrorist attack swat the prosecutors are saying. The man

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himself may have been known to them but the police officers injuries are

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not life-threatening. The Vice Presidential candidates

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Tim Kaine and Mike Pence took each other on in their first

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and only televised debate. It was their one big chance to take

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centre stage but they spent most of it talking up their bosses,

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as well as launching bitter attacks on the reputations and policies

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of Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. It was all quite feisty,

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but as Laura Bicker reports, neither man managed to deliver

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that knock-out blow. Senator Tim Kaine was

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Hillary Clinton's attack dog and accused Donald Trump

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of not paying his taxes. It was up to Mike Pence

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to take a defensive stance. He went through a very difficult

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time but he used the tax code just the way it is supposed to be used

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and he did it brilliantly. How do you know that,

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you haven't seen his tax return? Because he has created a business

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worth billions of dollars. Again and again Tim Kaine tried

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to hit the Trump campaign I cannot believe that Governor Pence

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would defend the insult driven If Donald Trump had said

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all of the things you said he said in the way you said he said them,

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he still wouldn't have a fraction of the insults that Hillary Clinton

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levelled when she said that half of our supporters were

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a basket of deplorables. The Virginia Senator often

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interrupted the Governor's answers. He ended up talking

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about Donald Trump more than Hillary Clinton,

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and he didn't manage The problem with nuclear

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proliferation is that some fool or maniac could trigger

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a catastrophic event, Senator, that was even beneath

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you and Hillary Clinton The pressure was all on Mike Pence

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tonight after a dreadful week He gave a decent performance, quite

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confident, but will his attempts to defend his boss resonate

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with voters when there is just 34 The British Prime Minister says

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she wants British companies to have the maximum freedom

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to operate in the single market But Theresa May told

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the Conservative party annual conference that she

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wants to keep control of immigration and stay outside

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the jurisdiction of European courts. It was quiet resolve that propelled

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her onto the main stage less than 100 days ago. What is my vision for

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Britain? My philosophy, my approach? The referendum changed everything.

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It is her time now. In June, people voted for change and that change is

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going to come. Because of the quiet resolution that took place in our

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country just three months ago. A revolution in which millions of our

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fellow citizens stood up and said they were not prepared to be ignored

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any more. So stand by for a meritocracy. Easy to say, much

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harder to make it happen. I want is to be a country where it doesn't

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matter where you were born, who your parents are, where you went to

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school, what your accent sounds like, what got you worship, whether

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you are a minority women, gay or straight, black or white, all that

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should matter is the talent you have and how hard you are prepared to

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work. Three months ago, it might not have been hurt. Now firmly in

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charge, Theresa May wants to take a party down a different road. It is

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time to remember the good that Government can do. Time to reject

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the ideological templates provided by the socialist left and the

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libertarian right. And to embrace a new centre ground in which

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Government steps in to act on behalf of is all. A Tory Prime Minister

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applauded for praising the state. It was a speech about basic beliefs. To

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the audience here and far beyond. But you -- but above all, it was his

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portrait of the leaders she hopes to be. But political success is

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determined over years, not one platform performance. Theresa May's

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offered to you? And do the right thing and the Government will be on

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your side. The state can be a force for good. She wants to skip up

:15:51.:15:55.

voters in the middle as Labour moved to the left, but ultimately, she

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will be judged by what he does and what he says on the platform.

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Bringing this hall to its feet, the Tory party together, is one thing.

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Persuading the country to follow her now is very different.

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The Syrian army says it will reduce air strikes and shelling

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The announcement comes after increasing international

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criticism against the Syrian government and Russia

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in their joint campaign to retake the contested city.

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Meanwhile earlier today, the UN said last month's attack

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on an aid convoy was most likely the result of an air strike,

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At least 18 people were killed when lorries unloading supplies

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The US believes Russian warplanes bombed the convoy,

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Let's speak now to Louisa Loveluck from the Washington Post who's also

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been investigating the attack on the convoy.

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Does the UN assessment tally with what you found?

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No. When news of this broke, a lot of people but it was a mistake. And

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when you look back, you see that the coordinates of the aid convoy were

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marked and there was also a brush and drawn in the sky until the last

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minute monitoring the movements of the convoy and what we found when we

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spoke to eyewitnesses and we analysed a lot of footage and

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photographs was that this was a sustained and possibly even for our

:17:20.:17:24.

attack. It involved both Syrian helicopters and Russian warplanes.

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It was first attacking the aid convoy and then attacking the rescue

:17:31.:17:34.

workers who arrived to try to help the injured and dead. Aleppo is a

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conflict is all now so it is difficult even for aid agencies to

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get in, who have protection. Our new conducting your research and

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analysis from where you are in Washington? Well, we were lucky

:17:47.:17:50.

enough to speak to several eyewitnesses. Several of them were

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rescue workers who arrived at the scene. Some of them are actually

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showing in the footage at the moment. We also spoke to several

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other people who did not go on record but were very helpful in

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telling us what they had seen. We then moved on and we looked at

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social media, videos and pictures, and that turned out to be the most

:18:08.:18:11.

helpful was we went back to photos of the debris. We looked at the bomb

:18:12.:18:14.

fragments that were found and found and time and time again they showed

:18:15.:18:17.

that these were Russian munitions that were found in the degree along

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with the bodies of the aid workers. Russia today have said that they

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will reduce the amount of strikes in and around Aleppo. Do you hold out

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much hope that those promises will be fulfilled in the weeks ahead?

:18:29.:18:33.

Well, it is very difficult to say at the moment. But I think there has

:18:34.:18:36.

certainly been a pattern over the last Europe Russian intervention

:18:37.:18:39.

where Russia has said one thing and then quite frankly it has done

:18:40.:18:43.

another. This aid convoy was something that was meant to come

:18:44.:18:47.

with the guarantee of safety from both Russia and the Syrian

:18:48.:18:49.

Government and of course that did work. If these are strikes to

:18:50.:18:54.

reduce, it is certainly not an end to the war around Aleppo. It would

:18:55.:19:01.

seem to be that the Russians are pushing to have the area emptied of

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civilians and I think that is something that would really

:19:05.:19:09.

radically change the area around Aleppo and the Fermanagh during

:19:10.:19:13.

crisis there. Just briefly, you have studied Aleppo and spoken to people

:19:14.:19:16.

who live there on the ground. It seems like it is a massive flash

:19:17.:19:19.

point at the moment. If it does indeed follow in the coming weeks

:19:20.:19:22.

and months, what does that mean for the opposition in Syria? One thing

:19:23.:19:26.

it does mean is that the Government would be able to cling onto its hope

:19:27.:19:30.

of finishing this war with the whole of Syria under its control. If the

:19:31.:19:34.

rebels do lose it after four years, it would be a crushing psychological

:19:35.:19:40.

blow to an insurgency which has really seen the northern provinces

:19:41.:19:44.

and particularly east of Aleppo as the heart of their fight. They would

:19:45.:19:47.

probably pull back. They would go to areas in the North. But ultimately,

:19:48.:19:53.

it could well be the beginning of the end for this insurgency. Louisa,

:19:54.:20:01.

thanks very much. As I mentioned to Louisa, in the last hour, the Syrian

:20:02.:20:06.

Government has announced a reduction in the number of air strikes on

:20:07.:20:11.

Aleppo. Armed Forces have been cutting of all terrorist supply

:20:12.:20:15.

routes. The announcement comes after international criticism of the

:20:16.:20:19.

Government and Russia has joined the campaign to retake the city from

:20:20.:20:20.

rebels. It takes extraordinary

:20:21.:20:21.

physical and mental strength to complete a marathon -

:20:22.:20:23.

so imagine how much it takes to run That's the same as jogging

:20:24.:20:26.

from here in London to Sydney. Well, British man Ben Smith has

:20:27.:20:32.

been doing just that. Today, he's finished the challenge

:20:33.:20:34.

in the city of Bristol. Karin Giannone caught

:20:35.:20:36.

up with at the finish. We are at the finish line, 401 days

:20:37.:20:50.

after the challenge began. Ben Smith is here. He made it. Then, it was

:20:51.:20:54.

hard not to shed a tear when you came across with all those children.

:20:55.:20:59.

What was going through your mind? I was in a bit of shock. I am going to

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be perfectly honest with you. I started to feel it as I came into

:21:03.:21:05.

Mullany and square, seeing all the people who turned out to support

:21:06.:21:13.

this and running with the people that have run with before. It has

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been a magical experience. It has been incredible. The way you feel

:21:16.:21:18.

today to what motivated you to start this in the first place. Take us

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back to that motivation. It all started where I was ten years old

:21:22.:21:25.

and I went to school and I started to get bullied. I was made to feel

:21:26.:21:29.

weak. I was made to feel not good enough. And unfortunately, I was

:21:30.:21:33.

bullied because I was gay and that lasted for eight years and it got to

:21:34.:21:37.

the point when I did not want to be here. I felt like I couldn't be who

:21:38.:21:41.

I wanted to be and be strong. To now, I am stood here in front of you

:21:42.:21:46.

having run 401 marathons and no one has ever done that before in 401

:21:47.:21:50.

days. Idle stronger than ever and I feel proud to be who I am. What

:21:51.:21:56.

happens now? What is going to happen to you? I'm going to go off and have

:21:57.:22:00.

dinner with my family in a bit, so that we can celebrate. As of

:22:01.:22:04.

tomorrow, plans start to be put in place for the 41 foundation which

:22:05.:22:08.

will carry on the legacy of what I have created here. We have such an

:22:09.:22:11.

engaged following of people who have been so supportive and want to

:22:12.:22:14.

season change and hopefully people will start having conversations now

:22:15.:22:18.

and not feeling ashamed about who they are going through bullying.

:22:19.:22:21.

That is what we wanted to try to get out of this. That is the grassroots

:22:22.:22:26.

movement that I wanted to create. Then, thank you very much. It has

:22:27.:22:29.

been an amazing experience to see how Ben was welcomed back to

:22:30.:22:35.

Bristol. It has made a mark over these 401 days. For 13 months, he

:22:36.:22:37.

has been running constantly. Ben Smith, back in his home city

:22:38.:22:39.

of Bristol after a journey that's Human life expectancy increased

:22:40.:22:42.

steadily throughout the 20th century, but the trend has slowed

:22:43.:22:46.

over the last few decades. Now scientists believe we may

:22:47.:22:49.

be reaching the limit A team from America,

:22:50.:22:51.

looking at numbers from around the world,

:22:52.:22:54.

suggest that 115 years old is the best most

:22:55.:22:57.

of us can hope for. Our medical correspondent

:22:58.:22:59.

Fergus Walsh reports. Aged 112, Bessie Camm

:23:00.:23:05.

is the oldest person in Britain. The former nurse was born in 1904

:23:06.:23:14.

when Florence Nightingale was still alive, and the First

:23:15.:23:17.

World War a decade off. I never had a quarrel

:23:18.:23:24.

with a soul in my life. I've always been an easy-going

:23:25.:23:30.

person who listened. But no one has come close to

:23:31.:23:35.

matching Frenchwoman Jeanne Calment, who died in 1997 aged 122,

:23:36.:23:39.

the oldest person who ever lived. Research in the journal Nature

:23:40.:23:47.

suggests human life span More and more of us are living

:23:48.:23:49.

to a ripe old age. Just look at how life expectancy has

:23:50.:23:59.

risen relentlessly since 1900. Apart from dips in the First

:24:00.:24:04.

and Second World Wars. And notice that women,

:24:05.:24:09.

the red line here, generally live In the UK there are now more

:24:10.:24:13.

than half a million people aged 19 - aged 90 and over, more than double

:24:14.:24:18.

the number 30 years ago. The number of

:24:19.:24:21.

centenarians is soaring. From 3,500 to 14,500,

:24:22.:24:26.

a fourfold increase. But, while more and more of us

:24:27.:24:31.

will live beyond 100, researchers say the maximum age

:24:32.:24:35.

of death has plateaued And only a handful of individuals

:24:36.:24:37.

worldwide will live beyond that. At the moment most people die

:24:38.:24:46.

between about 65 and 95. That is likely to shift upwards

:24:47.:24:50.

with current health trends, although of course the wave

:24:51.:24:54.

of obesity amongst the young We may start to see

:24:55.:24:57.

the population splitting along Scientists are trying to discover

:24:58.:25:01.

how to halt the natural ageing process, but until they do,

:25:02.:25:13.

few of us can hope to match Just before we go -

:25:14.:25:16.

this year's Nobel prize for chemistry has been awarded

:25:17.:25:24.

to three European scientists. Jean-Pierre Sauvage,

:25:25.:25:28.

Bernard Feringa and Fraser Stoddart were honoured for their work

:25:29.:25:29.

on what's been described They're actually molecules

:25:30.:25:32.

with controllable movements, which can be used to perform tasks

:25:33.:25:37.

on a microscopic scale. But for now from me and the rest

:25:38.:25:42.

of the team, goodbye. Rain-bearing low pressure systems

:25:43.:26:04.

over the Atlantic are currently being blocked from coming

:26:05.:26:08.

to our shores by a huge

:26:09.:26:11.

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