05/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tom Donkin.


Here's the Headlines: Hurricane Matthew leaves a trail


of destruction across Haiti - thousands have been displaced


Portugal's former Prime Minister Antonio Guterres looks set to be


the next secretary-general of the United Nations.


A contractor for the US National Security Agency has been


charged with stealing top secret information.


And how long are we going to live for?


Scientists say 115 is likely to be the best we can hope for.


It's the most powerful hurricane to hit the Caribbean in nearly


a decade, and already it's killed at least nine people.


So far the winds, rains and storm surges of Hurricane Matthew have


hit Haiti the hardest, causing at least two deaths.


Cuba and the Bahamas have also been in the firing line,


and as the storm moves north, the United States is next.


President Obama has said people should, "Hope for the best


but prepare for the worst", and a mass evacuation is underway


But in Haiti, they're trying to pick up the pieces.


The UN says the country has suffered its worst humanitarian


disaster since the earthquake six years ago.


Nick Bryant has this report from the capital Port au Prince.


Disaster must often seem like a way of life


for the hard-pressed people of Haiti.


This morning, the residents were trying to make this journey on foot.


A journey that they could previously have made by car.


The bridge linking the main road from


the capital to the worst affected communities in the south of this


It has severed this town in half and severely


Homes have been swamped by the deluge of rain.


And destroyed by 140 mile an hour winds.


This shanty dwelling only just survived the


But here, just a few yards away in what now


looks like wasteland, the homes of four


families were washed away as


the flood waters rushed down the valley.


These are the people made homeless, these are the children


whose futures seem to be continually blighted by tragedy.


The epicentre of the 2010 earthquake was


So it's not just sorrow they are feeling, but


The children have just started school, their mother told


me, and their new uniforms were washed away.


This storm has left a trail of third world destruction, and this country


is struggling to cope. As Hurricane Matthew moves north,


and more than a million people in the US start to move out


of its way, forecasters are examining the different paths


the storm could take. Tomasz Schafnernaker from the BBC


Weather Centre explains. Here's the uncertainty in the


weather forecast. So as we see, the storm moves over the Bahamas on


Thursday and then it is the central and eastern coast of Florida that is


not used to intense horror games, if the storm stays 100 or 200 miles out


to sea, it will not be as bad as the impact lance. Dash-mac they not used


to intense her retains. It could be here, are to be way out there. This


could mean many days of very destructive winds and storm surges


still to come. If you don't recognise this man now,


you probably will soon. He's Portugal's former


Prime Minister Antonio Guterres - and he's poised to become the next


secretary general of the United With none of the five permanent


members of the Security Council opposing his nomination,


he's likely to be confirmed Mr Guterres has been head of the UN


refugee agency for ten years. Nada Tawfik is at the United


Nations for us now. Good to see you. Apart from maybe


the Pope and the US president, there are few jobs which have as much


exposure and air miles. Antonio Guterres is not one who shies away


from the spotlight. And he is also used to international diplomacy, so


he seems like a pretty good candidate. Yes, and I have to say,


the reaction to his election has been very positive. He has been an


advocate for the rights of refugees when the world is seeing the largest


refugee crisis really since world War II. He has groups such as human


rights watch really praising him and says that he is an advocate and hope


that he continues to do that once he becomes the UN Secretary-General.


And really, Antonio Guterres during this whole process of when he was


interviewed in the UN General Assembly, diplomats said that he


really stood out, that he had the vision for the top job, he had the


most experience to offer, and so while there were criticisms that a


woman should have taken this post after we have had eight passed mail


Secretary-General 's, the British ambassador Matthew Rycroft told me


that it really was in fact that he was the best candidate. At the start


of the names on the ballot were female, so a lot of people were


hoping for the first one in 70 years of the organisation. But what needs


to happen now for Antonio Guterres to get over the line here? Well, now


the Security Council is going to finalise their recommendation


tomorrow to a vote in the Security Council. None of the permanent five


members have vetoed him. He has the majority supported the council, so


that is likely to go through. They will send a recommendation over to


the UN General Secretary, the body that has to make the final decision


on that. We do not know when the final vote will take place, but I


have to say, it is all must assured at this point that he will be the


next UN Secretary-General after getting through the Security


Council. Thanks very much. Now let's take a look at some


of the day's other news. Almost 6,000 people


were rescued from the They were on board boats


trying to reach Europe It's one of the largest number


of people rescued in a single day International donors are meeting


in Brussels to raise billions more They are expected to


pledge 3 billion dollars Afghanistan will be asked to do more


to tackle corruption and to take back tens of thousands


of failed asylum seekers. Poland's Deputy Prime Minister has


said proposals put before parliament for a near-total ban on abortion


will not be implemented. A citizens' bill backed


by the Catholic Church aims to ban all abortions except


if the mother's life is at risk. On Monday, tens of thousands


of people protested about the plan. The US Justice Department says


a National Security Agency contractor has been charged


with stealing highly It said the documents obtained


by Harold Thomas Martin were critical to a wide variety


of national security Our correspondent Gary O'Donoghue


joins us from Washington. Gary, we mentioned eight contract


that was being charged in the same breath as Edward Snowden,


responsible for the biggest leak in NSA history. What more do we know


about these charges? We do know for a start that Martin worked for the


same contractor that Edward Snowden worked for, so that will send some


shivers up the few spines here in Washington, I think. What we know is


that his house and his car were searched on the 27th of August and


they recovered a number of what they would describe as highly sensitive


documents. Six in particular they are interested in that they say were


from intelligence sources, and if they would have been disclosed they


could have revealed some sensitive sources and capabilities. Now, these


charges that he is facing Ark -- have the potential to put him in


jail for ten years. We are deciding statement from his lawyers who said


that Mr Martin loves his family and loved his country and there is no


evidence that he was intending to be traded. This will worry a lot of


people in Washington. The Obama Government has spent so much money


protecting itself from hacks and external forces, but they can't


fully protect themselves from those home-grown threats of leaks from


within. So this will really work the some people in the securities is


judgment. Yes, it certainly will. It is early stages in this case,


obviously. We don't really know the nature of the information this man


is meant to have had, why he had it, what he intended to do with it, but


it is embarrassing there is no question. And coming off the back of


the revelations a couple of years ago from Edward Snowden, people will


wonder what lessons have been learned. Thank you very much, Gary.


A man armed with a knife has wounded two Belgian police officers


in an attack described by the authorities as


It happened on a street in northern Brussels. The suspect was arrested


after being shot in the leg by officers from another unit.


We now know that this man, the attacker, has been identified as


police as a 43-year-old man of Belgian nationality. His name has


been given. That is standard practice here, not to give his full


name but instead the initial of his surname. He was taken to hospital


for treatment for a gunshot wound to his leg. That was sustained when he


was arrested. Now, he had attacked two police officers north of the


city centre in a residential area but close to a main busy road that


runs through there. And eyewitness described to Belgian media how he


had lunged at one police opposite, knocking him to the ground and


continue to strike blows on that officer as the officer tried to pull


off into the bushes. We know he was armed with a knife. He then turned


on a second officer, winded them, left them bleeding and was then


apprehended when a police patrol unit arrived, shot him in the leg, a


scuffle happened, the injured in office and there by breaking their


nose and was then taking -- taken away. We say they are treating this


as a potential terrorist attack swat the prosecutors are saying. The man


himself may have been known to them but the police officers injuries are


not life-threatening. The Vice Presidential candidates


Tim Kaine and Mike Pence took each other on in their first


and only televised debate. It was their one big chance to take


centre stage but they spent most of it talking up their bosses,


as well as launching bitter attacks on the reputations and policies


of Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. It was all quite feisty,


but as Laura Bicker reports, neither man managed to deliver


that knock-out blow. Senator Tim Kaine was


Hillary Clinton's attack dog and accused Donald Trump


of not paying his taxes. It was up to Mike Pence


to take a defensive stance. He went through a very difficult


time but he used the tax code just the way it is supposed to be used


and he did it brilliantly. How do you know that,


you haven't seen his tax return? Because he has created a business


worth billions of dollars. Again and again Tim Kaine tried


to hit the Trump campaign I cannot believe that Governor Pence


would defend the insult driven If Donald Trump had said


all of the things you said he said in the way you said he said them,


he still wouldn't have a fraction of the insults that Hillary Clinton


levelled when she said that half of our supporters were


a basket of deplorables. The Virginia Senator often


interrupted the Governor's answers. He ended up talking


about Donald Trump more than Hillary Clinton,


and he didn't manage The problem with nuclear


proliferation is that some fool or maniac could trigger


a catastrophic event, Senator, that was even beneath


you and Hillary Clinton The pressure was all on Mike Pence


tonight after a dreadful week He gave a decent performance, quite


confident, but will his attempts to defend his boss resonate


with voters when there is just 34 The British Prime Minister says


she wants British companies to have the maximum freedom


to operate in the single market But Theresa May told


the Conservative party annual conference that she


wants to keep control of immigration and stay outside


the jurisdiction of European courts. It was quiet resolve that propelled


her onto the main stage less than 100 days ago. What is my vision for


Britain? My philosophy, my approach? The referendum changed everything.


It is her time now. In June, people voted for change and that change is


going to come. Because of the quiet resolution that took place in our


country just three months ago. A revolution in which millions of our


fellow citizens stood up and said they were not prepared to be ignored


any more. So stand by for a meritocracy. Easy to say, much


harder to make it happen. I want is to be a country where it doesn't


matter where you were born, who your parents are, where you went to


school, what your accent sounds like, what got you worship, whether


you are a minority women, gay or straight, black or white, all that


should matter is the talent you have and how hard you are prepared to


work. Three months ago, it might not have been hurt. Now firmly in


charge, Theresa May wants to take a party down a different road. It is


time to remember the good that Government can do. Time to reject


the ideological templates provided by the socialist left and the


libertarian right. And to embrace a new centre ground in which


Government steps in to act on behalf of is all. A Tory Prime Minister


applauded for praising the state. It was a speech about basic beliefs. To


the audience here and far beyond. But you -- but above all, it was his


portrait of the leaders she hopes to be. But political success is


determined over years, not one platform performance. Theresa May's


offered to you? And do the right thing and the Government will be on


your side. The state can be a force for good. She wants to skip up


voters in the middle as Labour moved to the left, but ultimately, she


will be judged by what he does and what he says on the platform.


Bringing this hall to its feet, the Tory party together, is one thing.


Persuading the country to follow her now is very different.


The Syrian army says it will reduce air strikes and shelling


The announcement comes after increasing international


criticism against the Syrian government and Russia


in their joint campaign to retake the contested city.


Meanwhile earlier today, the UN said last month's attack


on an aid convoy was most likely the result of an air strike,


At least 18 people were killed when lorries unloading supplies


The US believes Russian warplanes bombed the convoy,


Let's speak now to Louisa Loveluck from the Washington Post who's also


been investigating the attack on the convoy.


Does the UN assessment tally with what you found?


No. When news of this broke, a lot of people but it was a mistake. And


when you look back, you see that the coordinates of the aid convoy were


marked and there was also a brush and drawn in the sky until the last


minute monitoring the movements of the convoy and what we found when we


spoke to eyewitnesses and we analysed a lot of footage and


photographs was that this was a sustained and possibly even for our


attack. It involved both Syrian helicopters and Russian warplanes.


It was first attacking the aid convoy and then attacking the rescue


workers who arrived to try to help the injured and dead. Aleppo is a


conflict is all now so it is difficult even for aid agencies to


get in, who have protection. Our new conducting your research and


analysis from where you are in Washington? Well, we were lucky


enough to speak to several eyewitnesses. Several of them were


rescue workers who arrived at the scene. Some of them are actually


showing in the footage at the moment. We also spoke to several


other people who did not go on record but were very helpful in


telling us what they had seen. We then moved on and we looked at


social media, videos and pictures, and that turned out to be the most


helpful was we went back to photos of the debris. We looked at the bomb


fragments that were found and found and time and time again they showed


that these were Russian munitions that were found in the degree along


with the bodies of the aid workers. Russia today have said that they


will reduce the amount of strikes in and around Aleppo. Do you hold out


much hope that those promises will be fulfilled in the weeks ahead?


Well, it is very difficult to say at the moment. But I think there has


certainly been a pattern over the last Europe Russian intervention


where Russia has said one thing and then quite frankly it has done


another. This aid convoy was something that was meant to come


with the guarantee of safety from both Russia and the Syrian


Government and of course that did work. If these are strikes to


reduce, it is certainly not an end to the war around Aleppo. It would


seem to be that the Russians are pushing to have the area emptied of


civilians and I think that is something that would really


radically change the area around Aleppo and the Fermanagh during


crisis there. Just briefly, you have studied Aleppo and spoken to people


who live there on the ground. It seems like it is a massive flash


point at the moment. If it does indeed follow in the coming weeks


and months, what does that mean for the opposition in Syria? One thing


it does mean is that the Government would be able to cling onto its hope


of finishing this war with the whole of Syria under its control. If the


rebels do lose it after four years, it would be a crushing psychological


blow to an insurgency which has really seen the northern provinces


and particularly east of Aleppo as the heart of their fight. They would


probably pull back. They would go to areas in the North. But ultimately,


it could well be the beginning of the end for this insurgency. Louisa,


thanks very much. As I mentioned to Louisa, in the last hour, the Syrian


Government has announced a reduction in the number of air strikes on


Aleppo. Armed Forces have been cutting of all terrorist supply


routes. The announcement comes after international criticism of the


Government and Russia has joined the campaign to retake the city from


rebels. It takes extraordinary


physical and mental strength to complete a marathon -


so imagine how much it takes to run That's the same as jogging


from here in London to Sydney. Well, British man Ben Smith has


been doing just that. Today, he's finished the challenge


in the city of Bristol. Karin Giannone caught


up with at the finish. We are at the finish line, 401 days


after the challenge began. Ben Smith is here. He made it. Then, it was


hard not to shed a tear when you came across with all those children.


What was going through your mind? I was in a bit of shock. I am going to


be perfectly honest with you. I started to feel it as I came into


Mullany and square, seeing all the people who turned out to support


this and running with the people that have run with before. It has


been a magical experience. It has been incredible. The way you feel


today to what motivated you to start this in the first place. Take us


back to that motivation. It all started where I was ten years old


and I went to school and I started to get bullied. I was made to feel


weak. I was made to feel not good enough. And unfortunately, I was


bullied because I was gay and that lasted for eight years and it got to


the point when I did not want to be here. I felt like I couldn't be who


I wanted to be and be strong. To now, I am stood here in front of you


having run 401 marathons and no one has ever done that before in 401


days. Idle stronger than ever and I feel proud to be who I am. What


happens now? What is going to happen to you? I'm going to go off and have


dinner with my family in a bit, so that we can celebrate. As of


tomorrow, plans start to be put in place for the 41 foundation which


will carry on the legacy of what I have created here. We have such an


engaged following of people who have been so supportive and want to


season change and hopefully people will start having conversations now


and not feeling ashamed about who they are going through bullying.


That is what we wanted to try to get out of this. That is the grassroots


movement that I wanted to create. Then, thank you very much. It has


been an amazing experience to see how Ben was welcomed back to


Bristol. It has made a mark over these 401 days. For 13 months, he


has been running constantly. Ben Smith, back in his home city


of Bristol after a journey that's Human life expectancy increased


steadily throughout the 20th century, but the trend has slowed


over the last few decades. Now scientists believe we may


be reaching the limit A team from America,


looking at numbers from around the world,


suggest that 115 years old is the best most


of us can hope for. Our medical correspondent


Fergus Walsh reports. Aged 112, Bessie Camm


is the oldest person in Britain. The former nurse was born in 1904


when Florence Nightingale was still alive, and the First


World War a decade off. I never had a quarrel


with a soul in my life. I've always been an easy-going


person who listened. But no one has come close to


matching Frenchwoman Jeanne Calment, who died in 1997 aged 122,


the oldest person who ever lived. Research in the journal Nature


suggests human life span More and more of us are living


to a ripe old age. Just look at how life expectancy has


risen relentlessly since 1900. Apart from dips in the First


and Second World Wars. And notice that women,


the red line here, generally live In the UK there are now more


than half a million people aged 19 - aged 90 and over, more than double


the number 30 years ago. The number of


centenarians is soaring. From 3,500 to 14,500,


a fourfold increase. But, while more and more of us


will live beyond 100, researchers say the maximum age


of death has plateaued And only a handful of individuals


worldwide will live beyond that. At the moment most people die


between about 65 and 95. That is likely to shift upwards


with current health trends, although of course the wave


of obesity amongst the young We may start to see


the population splitting along Scientists are trying to discover


how to halt the natural ageing process, but until they do,


few of us can hope to match Just before we go -


this year's Nobel prize for chemistry has been awarded


to three European scientists. Jean-Pierre Sauvage,


Bernard Feringa and Fraser Stoddart were honoured for their work


on what's been described They're actually molecules


with controllable movements, which can be used to perform tasks


on a microscopic scale. But for now from me and the rest


of the team, goodbye. Rain-bearing low pressure systems


over the Atlantic are currently being blocked from coming


to our shores by a huge


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