04/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tom Donkin.


The headlines: The fiercest Caribbean storm in almost


Wind, rain and a massive storm surge have flooded coastal towns.


The US vows it won't give up on peace in Syria,


We'll hear from a top American official.


Also coming up - can you name these men?


The two vice-presidential candidates debate -


but how much does it really matter?


And the biggest mystery in modern literature may have been solved -


but was it right to unveil the author's real identity?


The most powerful hurricane to hit the Caribbean in nearly


a decade has struck Haiti, bringing winds of 145 miles


per hour, heavy rain and severe flooding.


This heat map shows the eye of the Hurricane


Matthew has been classed as a Category Four hurricane -


that's just one level below the most dangerous.


Locals are being urged to "do anything they can


Haiti's President has said a number of people have already been killed.


The BBC's Christian Fraser has the latest.


Hurricane Matthew is the most powerful storms across the Caribbean


in almost ten years. It is barrelling across an island that is


ill-prepared for what it will throw at them. Haiti is still recovering


from the earthquake that struck in 2010, and a devastating outbreak of


cholera. There are thousands of people living under corrugated iron


roofs, in shantytowns that have no defence from sustained, an hundred


and 40 mile an hour winds. The president has been urging people to


move to safer shelter. We have already seen deaths. People


who were out at sea. There are people who are missing. There are


people who did not respect the alerts. They have lost their lives.


The Red Cross has been out in those areas that will take the brunt. In


districts where roads are already filled with mud. But many like this


man have refused the offer of shelter. They came with a truck to


move us, he said, but what about the stuff we have at home? If we lose


our things, if they are stolen, we won't get them back.


From the International Space Station, Matthew looks like a vortex


of trouble. The forecasters predict it could dump up to 40 inches of


rain in the more isolated areas of Haiti, raising fears of mudslides


and floods in these heavily populated hillsides. Hurricane


Matthew has slammed into Haiti, very power.


And, it has been getting all its energy from the ocean waters.


In the next few hours, it will move into Cuba, and then out into the


Bahamas, where there are lots of very warm ocean tropical waters.


That will fuel the Hurricane, so it will maintain some of its intensity,


and then potentially moving very close to the Florida coastline as we


go through this week. In the Bahamas, they are in a hurry. Wood


and aluminium sheeting to protect what they own, and in Cuba, the


government is buzzing thousands of people to shelters in six eastern


provinces. In Jamaica, the outer bands of Matthew have now passed the


capital Kingston. Heavy rains have left lots of damage behind, but this


may be nothing compared with what awaits the impoverished island of


Haiti. Our correspondent game this update


in the last hour. From the early hours of this


morning, Hurricane Matthew has been buffeting this country, with winds


of up to 140 miles an hour. The fear is that it will dump rainfall of up


to three feet. You can see already the problem of flooding. There is


also a worry about mudslides in this very mountainous area that is


denuded of trees, and as you can see here, there is some flash flooding


happening already. Now, Haiti has already got so many problems. It is


suffering still from the earthquake that hit it in 2010, which killed


more than 200,000 people. It is suffering from a cholera outbreak


too. Public health officials fear this will exacerbate that particular


crisis. The conditions here are atrocious. To step outside is to be


drenched within a matter of seconds. Nick Bryant there.


Charities and NGOs in Haiti have been scouting the damage and handing


out supplies, and I'm happy to say, we can speak to Plan International


bat director. What do people need the most, and are they getting it?


Thank you for up offering me the opportunity to share with the wider


world about Haiti. The country now is suffering. All


our staff are mobilised to support the population especially as they


are coming out, because we have three officials in the south-east


and in the West. Hurricane Matthew, the situation is virtually more


critical in the south and in the south-east. We now have heavy rain


and some violent winds, and we have the river, that we explained, is at


a high risk of flooding. This is the situation now in Port-au-Prince, and


the population are very afraid and scared of the situation. But all the


NGOs are mobilised, both at central government and local level. They are


already mobilised, but we are waiting after the Hurricane to make


an assessment to support all the population are different levels.


Thank you very much for that update. I'm sure our viewers will join me in


wishing you all the best in Haiti. And now, some of the day's other


news. Fighting has continued


around the city of Kunduz Government forces have been trying


to repel Taliban militants who entered several areas


of the city on Monday. An Afghan government spokesman says


the security forces are now in control of large


parts of the city. Kunduz fell briefly to the Taliban


last year, but was recaptured The International Monetary Fund has


delivered its latest Police in South Africa have used


stun grenades to move on student protesters


at Wits University in Johannesburg. Their protests over the high cost


of education have forced the closure of some of the country's most


prominent universities The Court of Arbitration in Sport


has cut the ban given to the tennis player Maria Sharapova from


two years to 15 months. The Russian tested


positive for meldonium It means the five-time


Grand Slam champion CAN return The US Secretary of State,


John Kerry, says Washington is not abandoning the search for peace


in Syria, that's despite The US blames Russia AND the Syrian


government for fresh More than 400 people have been


killed in the city of Aleppo since Russia in turn has blamed


the Americans for the collapse So, if there are no talks with


Russia, what happens from here? Our chief international correspondent is


in Brussels with more. Over to you. Yes, what happens and what is left,


four months, if not for years, the main thread in a very tangled and


not a very optimistic process of trying to move the Syrian conflict


towards some kind of resolution, has been the talks between John Kerry


and Sergei Lavrov. Last week at the UN General Assembly. John Kerry said


the situation in Syria was hanging by a thread. The only thing keeping


that thread alive were the talks with Sergei Lavrov, so what happens


now that they have broken down? I am joined here in Brussels by the State


Department spokesman, John Kirby. I know you said in your statement that


it was a not a decision you took lightly, that you are to continue to


work for peace. How can you, when your main interleukin-2 is no longer


talking with you? Well certainly, we don't like being in the position


we're in right now, having to suspend those talks, because Russia


does have considerable influence over Assad, and it made sense for us


to try to workouts and sort of arrangement with the Russian


government, but obviously, that didn't happen, because they won't


stop supporting the Assad regime. They won't stop with the bombing,


they weren't stopped the siege of Aleppo, so we were left with little


choice. That said, there are still multilateral forums we can work


inside. The UN led process that is trying to get the political talks


back on track still exists, and of course, the UN Security Council is


still there. So there are plenty of opportunities for us to try and


attack is from a multilateral perspective. The other thing is, we


suspended the stored. It doesn't mean that if Russia is willing to


commit to a significant step, like putting Assad on the ground, that we


would restart it. It is not like it is over for ever.


As you know, many critics in the State Department and the pens again


said that John Kerry was on a fool 's errand. You would not be able to


make a deal with Russia. Have they been proven right?


I don't think so. Nobody is happy about where we are right now, what


is the alternative? If you don't keep trying a diplomatic solution,


the alternative is just more war, more bloodshed, more violence, so I


don't think the secretary would have one bit to apologise for in terms of


the effort that he went to to try to get some kind of an accord, an


arrangement, that would get the cessation of hostilities enforceable


and sustainable. So again, we did not take this decision lightly. We


would prefer not to have had to make the suspension, but if Russia is


willing to prove in some form of fashion that they are willing to


make a significant step, stop this bombing, we will certainly be


willing to listen to those ideas and to restart some kind of dialogue.


And it is also what is called Plan B. We understand talks have been


stepped up about a possible military option. We know from that audio tape


that was released of John Kerry's own feelings about the war. He said


he had argued for a military option. Is it time to look for another way


forward? I would tell you this, and that is


for months now, the US government has remained open to having


discussions about other options available to us, options outside


diplomacy. This is not a new idea. This is something that our agency


and the president himself has welcomed.


The president hasn't welcomed it all? He doesn't want to get


involved, necessarily, and he has come under criticism about that.


He has welcomed a robust discussion inside the US government about all


our options, and to stay open to all options, but he has also said that


no other option is better than a diplomatic one. All the other


options we have looked at, be they military and non-military, don't end


up in a better place in terms of a more peaceful Syria than a


diplomatic approach. So we continue to believe that the right solution


is a political one, not a military one, but we would be irresponsible


as the government and we did not continue to have these discussions.


You talked about ramping it up. I would actually say that discussions


about options, the whole panoply of options, has been something on the


table now for many months. The BBC spoke to Sergei Lavrov


recently, and he blamed the United States that this breakdown, saying


you refuse to separate yourself from backing Al-Qaeda linked group, and


he said that the main problem in Aleppo.


Well, any suggestion we are backing Al-Qaeda or Al-Qaeda linked groups


is absolutely false. It flies in the face of the facts. We recognise that


there has been a co-mingling of some of the groups with al-Nusra, which


is Al-Qaeda in Syria, and we have been working hard to get that


separation to take place, but the fault here for the breakdown, the


fault for the suspension, lies squarely in Moscow. The secretary


was clear about that today, and at the UN. The fault lies with Russia,


and the fact that they continue to bolster and support the Assad regime


as that regime continues to attack its own people.


Do you think Sergei Lavrov and John Kerry will find a moment to speak


here? I did the granny plans for them to


have a conversation in Brussels. John Kirby, here in Brussels, where


leaders are gathering to talk about the situation in Afghanistan,


another conflict where on some issues they don't see eye to eye,


but many will be asking if John Kerry, the quintessential double,


will look for some way to try to get this process back on track.


That is all from Brussels. Thank you bring much indeed. Thank


you for joining us, our chief international correspondent.


In little more than a month's time, either Tim Kaine or Mike Pence


will be, as they say, one heartbeat away


The role of American Vice-President is famously a low-key one


But in a few hours' time, the running mates to Hillary Clinton


and Donald Trump will be the centre of attention


as they hold their first and only TV debate.


When it comes to the debates between those who will be


second-in-command, perhaps James Stockdale put it best


Who am I? Why am I here?


So, let's start with Hillary Clinton's pick, Tim Kaine.


Even Republicans have struggled to find fault with


His first speech as a Democratic vice-presidential candidate


was aimed at Donald Trump, no doubt skills he will have been


We've seen again and again that when Donald Trump says


he has your back, you'd better watch out.


Donald Trump chose Indiana Governor Mike Pence, although their initial


He is an experienced Washington hand and a favourite of social


conservatives, and as the politician in this relationship,


he often finds himself translating the views of businessman Trump.


It seems like just about every day, the national media latches onto some


Turn on your Twitter account, turn on your cable TV,


The vice-presidential debates can often draw huge audiences.


This 2008 contest between Joe Biden and Sarah Palin


70 million viewers tuned in, and this year's vice-president's


We've got two presidential candidates who are seen deeply


unfavourably by the vast majority of Americans, and two vice


presidents candidates who are largely unknownby the vast


majority of Americans, but those vice-presidential


candidates have a level of credibility talking


about their presidential running mate that the presidential candidate


can't really have talking about themselves.


Candidates do get a chance to distinguish themselves.


In 1988, Dan Quayle compared himself to President Kennedy.


His opponent, Lloyd Benson, had this scathing reply.


Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy. I knew Jack Kennedy.


There has been nothing conventional about the 2016 election


year, apart from perhaps the two vice-presidential picks.


And yet, as the past has shown us, when you take to the stage,


And don't forget, all you need to know about the US


We also have this piece on why the Vice-Presidential debate


matters, plus Katty Kay on Bill Clinton's women, and much more.


bbc.com/news is where you need to head.


Pope Francis has made an unannounced visit to Amatriche,


the Italian town devastated by an earthquake


Crowds of photographers and onlookers surrounded the Pope


as he emerged from his car at the local school where he met


children, survivors and relatives of the victims.


Here's our Rome correspondent James Reynolds.


The Pope described this as a private visit, so he made the two-hour drive


from Rome in a regular car, notable only for its tinted windows


In Amatriche, Francis was taken to see earthquake survivors.


Many are still living in temporary shelters.


From the first moment, I thought I should come here,


Pope Francis met firefighters who showed him the extent


The Vatican itself sent relief teams here in the hours


The Italian government has promised to rebuild this entire region.


The Pope, the Bishop of Rome, normally surveys the grand works


This morning, by contrast, the view in front


Three British-born scientists have been awarded


David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz were


recognised for their discoveries about unusual forms of matter.


The Nobel Committee said their work has


"opened the door on an unknown world".


Our Science Editor David Shukman has more.


From steel strong enough to hold up bridges to the intricate robot on a


production line, to the myriad devices in our everyday lives we


depend on materials that have qualities that make them useful for


particular tasks, but there is another unseen world of materials


that don't behave in ways you would expect. Research into that world was


awarded the Nobel Prize for physics today. To the logical phase


transitions... Three scientists, born in Britain,


recognised for making some strange and conjugated discoveries.


New kind of phase transition. One of the judges resorted using


pastries to explain their work. The bagel has one hole.


How materials change their characteristics of the smallest


scales. One of the winners was Duncan Haldane, awarded by his


students at Boston University. Time to double down and learn! He told is


that fundamental research could lead to unpredictable benefits.


Science goes by people exploring where they want to go, and sometimes


they find something good, and sometimes that actually leads to


technologies, so we don't know where it is going to go, so it is very


important that people should follow their dream, basically, and not be


constrained to work on something that the funding agency thinks is


going to be in the national interest.


So what is this Nobel Prize for physics been awarded for? Well, it


is all about revealing the materials -- that materials can exist in


states that we never even thought of. So, take water. When it is


heated, it is in the form of steam. A little cooler, and it becomes a


liquid that you can drink. Colder still, and it freezes into ice. But


it turns out that when the temperature is even lower, materials


can exist in a whole range of different states in which they


behave in ways that just as expected. For example, allowing


electricity to flow without resistance. If this can be


controlled, new, much faster computers might be on the cards, so


this research is seen as having huge potential.


It is a theoretical results, but if you want to apply materials to


modern technology, for example, future generations of smartphones,


you can't do it without having an understanding of what these


materials will do. Duncan Haldane and is to ballot


prizewinners were at one stage seen as out on a limb with their


research. Now it has become in stream, and they are looking for the


next challenge. -- his two fellow prizewinners.


It's a literary storm worthy of a bestseller.


A journalist in Italy says he has solved one of modern


Gent-macro two claims to have revealed the real identity of the


writer known as Elena Ferrante, who has sold more than 2 million copies


worldwide. Very little is known about the author, who writes under a


pseudonym, but the Italian journalist has published a story


naming errors enabled professional translator.


A number of high profile literary figures have slammed


Bestselling British novelist Matt Haig wrote on social media:


"The pursuit to discover the 'real' Elena Ferrante is a disgrace


"A writer's truest self is the books they write."


Author and journalist Jojo Moyes tweeted: "Only criminals


"deserve to be unmasked, if they have consciously


"sought privacy. Badly done, @nybooks."


And Marlon James, last year's winner of the Man Booker prize for fiction,


wrote: "What kind of person supports this...


"And no, I have not and will never read the article."


Well, I'm joined now from Rome by the journalist


at the centre of the story, Claudio Gatti.


Very good of you to join us. I first want to ask you, what annoyed you so


much about ton-macro that made you dedicate so much time to uncovering


who she really was? Nothing annoyed me. Actually, I was a fan of hers. I


started this as a reader. I read the four books and I loved them all.


Then I read the autobiography, the same autobiography that is being


published in the US in November. Just to know more, like many, many


other readers. I was interested in knowing who was the author behind


the pseudonym, and I was interested in that, and then, I noticed that


there was a lots of details in that autobiography, and I realised that


it should be established, it should be clear from those details, who the


person was, and the more I looked, the more things didn't quite turn


out to be right, and then I decided as an investigative journalist to


use the typical technique of investigative journalism, which is


following the money, seeing who was paid for the huge commercial


success, and I've found the evidence that led to the person identified as


the real Elena Ferrante. Of course the author has said many times that


she does not want to be outed in this way, she liked to privacy.


I wonder, as many others have, would you have gone after this author if


it was a man? The Bronte sisters and Jane Austen had to hide their


identity. Are you just punishing this because of her success as a


woman, some calling it sexist bullying?


Well, I was accused of being a misogynist, except that the people


who do that do know how investigative journalism works. In


writing, the writing starts as a subject and then develops into a


story. In investigative journalism, you start with the mystery and want


to find out what the mystery is. In Italy, the number one suspect, or


candidate, for Elena Ferrante was a man. In fact, it was the husband of


the person I identified. So, when I started, I had no clue if the real


Elena Ferrante would be turn out to be a man or woman.


It does sound like you have the some kind of public service, but many of


her readers would argue that they enjoy this intimate contract, if you


like, with her. The reader doesn't know the author's background, the


author does not know the reader's. You seem to have railroaded that


sacred contact and denied a lot of readers they enjoy ability of


reading their work? Well, in the history of art, I am


not aware of any situation, any work of art, that has been ruined by the


fact that people would know who the author is, or the artist is. As far


as I am concerned, knowing the cultural millionaire, the


background, the history of an artist, only enhances the art, so I


don't see how that would work. Thank you very much for joining us.


An interesting topic, we will no doubt discuss online.


You can more detail and analysis on our website, bbc.com/news.


From all the team here, goodbye.


Good evening. Temperatures won't drop as much tonight, because there


is a bit


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