21/10/2016 World News Today


21/10/2016

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alpa Patel.

:00:00.:00:07.

The headlines: Canada says its attempt to sign a free

:00:08.:00:09.

It would have been the EU's biggest trade deal but Wallonia,

:00:10.:00:16.

the French-speaking part of Belgium, refused to sign up to it

:00:17.:00:22.

In Iraq, Islamic State suicide bombers launch

:00:23.:00:26.

a surprise attack on Kirkuk - the city is now under curfew.

:00:27.:00:31.

The lost generation remembered - 50 years ago today, a primary school

:00:32.:00:35.

was engulfed by coal waste, killing 116 children.

:00:36.:00:41.

Wonder Woman's new turn - she's to become a UN ambasssador

:00:42.:00:52.

for women and girls - but not everyone is happy.

:00:53.:00:55.

And the pride of the Russian navy sails down the English Channel

:00:56.:00:59.

on their way to Syria - the British say they are watching

:01:00.:01:02.

Canada's top negotiator has walked out of talks

:01:03.:01:24.

The deal is called CETA and negotiations between Canada

:01:25.:01:29.

Because the Belgian region of Wallonia has blocked it.

:01:30.:01:39.

It's important to say Belgium is the only country out

:01:40.:01:47.

of the EU block of 28 against the deal

:01:48.:01:51.

Wallonia has a population of 3.6 million people

:01:52.:01:53.

The regional Parliament says CETA is a threat to farmers

:01:54.:02:00.

and small businesses - that increased competition

:02:01.:02:01.

from North American multi-nationals will destroy livelihoods.

:02:02.:02:05.

Well, the Canadian Trade Minister wasn't afraid to express her

:02:06.:02:07.

frustration when she spoke to reporters earlier.

:02:08.:02:14.

TRANSLATION: It seems evident to me and to Canada

:02:15.:02:20.

that the European Union is now not capable of having an

:02:21.:02:34.

Even with a country that has values as European as Canada,

:02:35.:02:38.

and also with a country that is as nice and

:02:39.:02:40.

Let's get more from our business correspondent, Samira Hussein.

:02:41.:02:47.

Tell us why this deal was so significant. It is significant for

:02:48.:02:55.

some of the reasons you outlined. This has been in negotiation for

:02:56.:02:59.

seven years and this was really the end of it. This is where they were

:03:00.:03:04.

putting the bow and the finishing touches on. Canada's Prime Minister

:03:05.:03:09.

is due to go to Brussels next week to sign the deal. It seems that it

:03:10.:03:15.

was almost there and now it seems that it's not. It is also

:03:16.:03:19.

significant for other possible trade deals. The United States is

:03:20.:03:25.

negotiating, looking to negotiate, a trade deal with the EU. If this

:03:26.:03:29.

trade deal with Canada ends up falling apart, it also puts a

:03:30.:03:35.

potential trade deal between the US and the EU in jeopardy. It comes at

:03:36.:03:40.

a very interesting time here in the United States. Anti trade rhetoric

:03:41.:03:46.

has grown quite significantly, especially in this heated US

:03:47.:03:49.

presidential campaign. There is a lot of talk of trade deals and the

:03:50.:03:53.

kind of negative impact it has had on some boards of the United States.

:03:54.:03:59.

To be negotiating a new trade deal in this kind of error, it's probably

:04:00.:04:04.

not ideal. Thank you very much for that.

:04:05.:04:05.

Meanwhile, the other major topic of discussion at this summit

:04:06.:04:07.

in Brussels was Britain's departure from the EU.

:04:08.:04:09.

The British Prime Minister Theresa May said she is optimistic she can

:04:10.:04:12.

get a deal "that is right for the UK".

:04:13.:04:21.

My colleague is in Brussels. He explains just how much people are

:04:22.:04:24.

talking about Brexit. We knew this wasn't

:04:25.:04:26.

on the agenda formally. Theresa May was due to give

:04:27.:04:29.

a briefing to the other 27 leaders. She did that, it lasted five

:04:30.:04:32.

minutes, and I interviewed a number They all said it was

:04:33.:04:35.

as they expected. She confirmed that Britain intends

:04:36.:04:38.

to exit the European Union and it intends to trigger Article 50

:04:39.:04:41.

by the end of March. But really this was never

:04:42.:04:44.

about policy detail. It was about tone and about

:04:45.:04:46.

developing relationships. This was the UK Prime Minister

:04:47.:04:48.

Theresa May's first EU summit and it was invaluable time

:04:49.:04:50.

that she got, meeting the other 27 leaders and starting to develop

:04:51.:04:53.

those relationships which will be crucial when the Brexit

:04:54.:04:55.

negotiations carry on. And speaking to those leaders

:04:56.:05:02.

who met her for dinner last night, they all emphasised how they want

:05:03.:05:05.

a good working relationship, they want the process of Brexit

:05:06.:05:10.

to be as smooth as possible and to serve the interests

:05:11.:05:13.

of the EU and the UK. So, so far so good in those

:05:14.:05:16.

relationships, but of course they will be put under huge pressure

:05:17.:05:18.

once the negotiations begin. The other issue under

:05:19.:05:25.

discussion was Syria. The British Prime Minister has

:05:26.:05:27.

insisted the EU has a robust stance, particularly over

:05:28.:05:30.

the actions of Russia - here's what the German Chancellor

:05:31.:05:32.

had to say about it. TRANSLATION: We have laid

:05:33.:05:38.

all the ground work because we have said not only that we could imagine

:05:39.:05:41.

measures against Syria, but also measures against all who are allied

:05:42.:05:45.

with Syria in this regard. I want to bring you some breaking

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news and it concerns The entire terminal building has had

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to be evacuated after several All flights were suspended and some

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arrivals were diverted. One passenger said he was told

:06:00.:06:05.

by a staff member that an alarm was triggered after reports

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a substance had been causing people to cough on the escalators

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leading up to security. The London Ambulance Service say

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they are treating 26 people for breathing difficulties -

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two have been taken to hopspital Let's go to Iraq and the fight

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to retake the city of Mosul Government troops backed by Kurdish

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forces are inching forward. With Iraqi troops pushing

:06:30.:06:35.

in from the South and Kurdish But today IS militants struck back -

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launching an attack in Kirkuk - about 200 kilometres

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South East of Mosul. Our Middle East correspondent

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Orla Guerin sent this report Savouring freedom, civilians brought

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to safety by Kurdish fighters. They escaped the tyranny

:06:52.:07:02.

of so-called Islamic State. And the dangers of

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coalition air strikes. IS targets north of Mosul

:07:10.:07:13.

being pounded again today, This is the scene in the city of

:07:14.:07:16.

Kirkuk. Security forces battling to regain

:07:17.:07:28.

control after a daring They hit multiple targets

:07:29.:07:31.

in and around the oil-rich city, which is 100 miles from Mosul

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and had been considered secure. Troops hunting for the militants

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who proved they can still strike Back at the front line,

:07:48.:07:50.

bomb disposal experts arrived They've already cleared 300

:07:51.:08:01.

landmines along a stretch The troops are getting into position

:08:02.:08:06.

now for mine clearance. This is absolutely crucial

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that the Peshmerga The mines are slowing progress

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and they're claiming lives, but the work has

:08:17.:08:21.

to be done with care. Islamic State has laid mines

:08:22.:08:24.

in this area like a carpet. There were fears it

:08:25.:08:29.

was a suicide bomber. Nearby, civilians who had just fled,

:08:30.:08:35.

now safe from IS, but being screened by Kurdish intelligence -

:08:36.:08:47.

they're trying to prevent militants This man tells us they were forced

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to grow beards, and if IS caught someone with a phone,

:08:51.:08:57.

they were beheaded. He's rushed away before

:08:58.:09:04.

he can say more. A new camp is now being raised

:09:05.:09:15.

here for the many others who are expected to seek refuge

:09:16.:09:18.

from Iraq's later swore. who are expected to seek refuge

:09:19.:09:24.

from Iraq's latest war. Orla Guerin, BBC News,

:09:25.:09:26.

north of Mosul. Exactly 50 years ago today,

:09:27.:09:31.

a huge coal-mining waste tip slipped It engulfed homes and the local

:09:32.:09:34.

primary school, killing 116 Events have been held today

:09:35.:09:38.

to mark the anniversary of the Aberfan disaster -

:09:39.:09:47.

beginning with a minute's silence. Early morning in Aberfan

:09:48.:09:49.

and a community coming together to remember the disaster

:09:50.:09:57.

50 years ago. The site of Pantglas School

:09:58.:10:03.

is now a memorial garden. At 9:15, the moment classrooms

:10:04.:10:06.

were engulfed, And at the cemetery,

:10:07.:10:09.

high on the hillside. This was a time to remember the 144

:10:10.:10:15.

people who died in a man-made disaster when liquefied coal waste

:10:16.:10:46.

slid down the mountainside. Eight-year-old Gerald Kirwan

:10:47.:10:53.

was in the second year juniors. He was one of the lucky ones,

:10:54.:10:56.

but his memories I could hear, like,

:10:57.:10:59.

a rumbling, thunder. A hell of a noise, didn't

:11:00.:11:05.

know what it was and we, like, looked up to the window

:11:06.:11:12.

and we have seen, like, I remember being pushed

:11:13.:11:16.

across the classroom to the back wall, the muck

:11:17.:11:23.

was up to my chest. We were just waiting,

:11:24.:11:26.

wondering, what had happened to cause the devastation

:11:27.:11:33.

we were trapped in. Where classrooms had once stood,

:11:34.:11:36.

today the Prince of Wales planted a tree,

:11:37.:11:39.

a tribute to the lost generation. No-one should have to bear

:11:40.:11:54.

the losses you suffered, but no-one could have borne those losses

:11:55.:12:00.

with greater strength A balloon for each of the victims,

:12:01.:12:04.

and a moment for Gerald Kirwan to share with his granddaughter, after

:12:05.:12:14.

keeping his emotions bottled up for We never, ever spoke about it,

:12:15.:12:17.

to my mother and father, Even the children,

:12:18.:12:26.

there were only a few of But it had been a disaster

:12:27.:12:35.

that was waiting to Coal waste had been dumped in huge

:12:36.:12:50.

tips on top of streams and Local people were joined by miners

:12:51.:12:55.

in the search for survivors. children they were now

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finding had all died. Many were looking for their own own

:13:04.:13:10.

sons and daughters. David Goldsworthy lost his

:13:11.:13:14.

ten-year-old brother that day. This is the first time

:13:15.:13:19.

he has returned to Aberfan on the anniversary itself

:13:20.:13:22.

from Canada, where he emigrated more He would have been 60

:13:23.:13:24.

this year, in August. And the fact that I'd liked

:13:25.:13:38.

to have had a brother. No-one was ever prosecuted

:13:39.:13:50.

for the lives that were lost, although the National

:13:51.:13:52.

Coal Board was found to be to blame. I can go back to that

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class in seconds. And I don't imagine

:13:58.:14:00.

that will ever go away. Sure my reporting on ceremonies

:14:01.:14:25.

marking the Aberfan disaster 50 years ago today.

:14:26.:14:27.

A flotilla of Russian warships has passed

:14:28.:14:29.

through the English channel today - on its way to Syria.

:14:30.:14:31.

The vessels included the aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov

:14:32.:14:36.

The flotilla, which is being viewed as a show of strength from Moscow,

:14:37.:14:39.

was shadowed all the way by the Royal Navy.

:14:40.:14:41.

Our correspondent Daniel Sandford watched as they passed

:14:42.:14:43.

Cruising past Dover Harbour, beneath the iconic White Cliffs of Dover

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and into the English Channel, Russia's only aircraft carrier,

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the Admiral Kuznetsov, a 30-year-old survivor

:14:54.:14:55.

On its decks, the planes that will reinforce the Russian

:14:56.:15:01.

Also in the flotilla, the battle cruiser Peter the Great,

:15:02.:15:10.

and the Russian ships were man marked as the Defence Secretary put

:15:11.:15:12.

The type 45 destroyer HMS Duncan had sailed from Portsmouth to do

:15:13.:15:16.

The type 23 frigate HMS Richmond has been

:15:17.:15:24.

tracking the Russians all the way from Norway.

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As we watched, all the ships were sailing west, straight down

:15:27.:15:29.

It's been an extraordinary display of Russian military power,

:15:30.:15:34.

just a few miles off the British coast.

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One Moscow newspaper called it 'an armada',

:15:39.:15:40.

and its chosen route, straight down the English Channel,

:15:41.:15:43.

is likely to have been chosen deliberately.

:15:44.:15:48.

The warships could have gone round the north coast of Scotland,

:15:49.:15:50.

but this was the route that sent a message.

:15:51.:15:54.

The deployment itself is clearly directed,

:15:55.:15:56.

in the immediate sense, toward Syria, but it has a side

:15:57.:15:58.

benefit to the mentality of the present-day leaders

:15:59.:16:04.

of Russia, of showing that they still have a navy

:16:05.:16:07.

And the message to this country, in particular, is probably

:16:08.:16:13.

that their navy is more extensive than ours now.

:16:14.:16:17.

For ten years now Russia's been directing displays

:16:18.:16:19.

This was an encounter off the coast of Scotland,

:16:20.:16:24.

filmed by the crew of a Russian bomber as it was challenged

:16:25.:16:27.

But today's Russian drive-by, on the way to prop up

:16:28.:16:33.

President Assad in Syria, was one of the more

:16:34.:16:35.

dramatic displays, so close that the warships

:16:36.:16:38.

could be clearly seen from the White Cliffs of Dover.

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Daniel Sandford, BBC News, in the English Channel.

:16:44.:16:48.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:16:49.:16:51.

The state rail company of Cameroon says a train has derailed

:16:52.:16:57.

between the country's two main cities.

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A BBC reporter says at least ten people have died.

:17:00.:17:01.

Extra coaches had been added to the train -

:17:02.:17:06.

because the highway between the two cities was closed due

:17:07.:17:09.

European space officials have acknowledged a craft sent to Mars

:17:10.:17:14.

crashed when touching down on the surface on the

:17:15.:17:16.

The mission had been designed to usher in a new era

:17:17.:17:22.

Officials estimate the impact could have happened at a speed

:17:23.:17:27.

Thailand and Australia have asked fans attending next month's

:17:28.:17:37.

World Cup qualifying match to refrain from chanting

:17:38.:17:39.

out of respect for the mourning of the Thai king.

:17:40.:17:43.

Both teams have also asked fans to wear clothing which is black,

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white or grey, preferably without any designs.

:17:46.:17:53.

She's a comic book superhero who became a TV star

:17:54.:17:55.

in the 1970s watched by millions here and around the world.

:17:56.:17:59.

But now in a story twist that may well have surprised even

:18:00.:18:02.

the fictional superhero, the United Nations is making

:18:03.:18:04.

Wonder Woman a UN Ambassador for Women and Girls.

:18:05.:18:07.

It is a decision that has bewildered some and sparked

:18:08.:18:10.

protest from other - as Nick Bryant reports

:18:11.:18:12.

She can leap from tall buildings, she can also bend steel,

:18:13.:18:24.

but the transformation of Wonder Woman into a UN Ambassador

:18:25.:18:29.

for Female Empowerment has plunged this world body into the kind

:18:30.:18:32.

of storm that would test even her superhuman powers.

:18:33.:18:38.

This is the modern-day face of Wonder Woman, and the actress

:18:39.:18:42.

Lynda Carter who brought her to life in the television series was also

:18:43.:18:46.

With a new film about to be launched, UN officials hope the hero

:18:47.:18:52.

will help reach younger audiences around the world.

:18:53.:18:54.

So Wonder Woman lives, do not doubt it.

:18:55.:18:56.

Wonder Woman helps bring out the inner strength every woman has.

:18:57.:19:07.

But staff at the UN today mounted a silent protest.

:19:08.:19:10.

"Real women deserve a real ambassador", read their signs.

:19:11.:19:14.

There is also a real annoyance that the superhero's leather boots

:19:15.:19:16.

might trample on cultural, religious and geopolitical sensibilities.

:19:17.:19:22.

Hundreds of UN staff have added their names to an online

:19:23.:19:25.

petition, complaining, and I quote, "That a large breasted White woman

:19:26.:19:28.

petition, complaining, and I quote, "That a large breasted white woman

:19:29.:19:30.

of impossible proportions, scantily clad in a shimmery,

:19:31.:19:34.

thigh-baring body suit with an American motif

:19:35.:19:36.

and knee-high boots is not an appropriate figurehead."

:19:37.:19:43.

So what's been the reaction outside the UN?

:19:44.:19:47.

I like what she stands for, I don't really appreciate

:19:48.:19:49.

Although Wonder Woman is a great character, I think we can find

:19:50.:19:53.

someone better to represent women, someone who is not

:19:54.:19:55.

The UN hoped this collaboration would be a PR coup,

:19:56.:20:03.

but there are many senior figures here who view it as a

:20:04.:20:05.

Nick Bryant, BBC News, New York.

:20:06.:20:20.

A quick update from London City Airport. The fire brigade has said

:20:21.:20:25.

there were no unexpectedly high chemical readings. Latest reports

:20:26.:20:30.

say the airport has been declared safe after hundreds of passengers

:20:31.:20:31.

were evacuated earlier. For years, Steve Etches earned

:20:32.:20:44.

a living as a plumber. But in his spare time,

:20:45.:20:46.

he wandered the coastline of Dorset It's well known for it's many

:20:47.:20:49.

fossils. And now, Steve's hobby has

:20:50.:20:52.

enabled him to open a museum -- From ceramic to Jurassic, Steve

:20:53.:20:58.

etchings is the plumber who became a palaeontologist. So this is where it

:20:59.:21:05.

all began for you. Yes, this is it. These are the rocks that I have

:21:06.:21:09.

spent my last 35 years looking at. It all began on this beach in

:21:10.:21:15.

Dorset. You can't stop finding fossils. Anyone can come along the

:21:16.:21:19.

beach and find fossils all over the place. Steve is an apprentice

:21:20.:21:23.

plumber at 16, but was always fascinated by fossils, so he started

:21:24.:21:25.

collecting and collecting and collecting. Here we are in the

:21:26.:21:33.

garage. He amassed 2500 specimens. So many come he turned his garage

:21:34.:21:37.

into a display. For the last 22 years it has been in here but it has

:21:38.:21:42.

also migrated into the dining room. But it wasn't enough, so four years

:21:43.:21:48.

ago he set out to establish this. The Steve Etches museum. It's a

:21:49.:21:53.

unique world-class collection of 150 million -year-old Jurassic hose

:21:54.:21:59.

line. Not many people can say, I've got an museum named after me. I

:22:00.:22:03.

never asked for it. That was done at a vote when I went to the toilet and

:22:04.:22:07.

they said we are going to college the Etches collection. I said thanks

:22:08.:22:11.

very much. A long way from an apprentice plumber all the way to

:22:12.:22:15.

being in charge and running your own fossil museum. Plumbing was a job

:22:16.:22:19.

that has to be done. But now, this is the dream come true. It took ?5

:22:20.:22:25.

million of private and Heritage lottery money to create. What do you

:22:26.:22:30.

make of the back story of Steve the plumber becoming Steve the

:22:31.:22:34.

palaeontologist? That's a remarkable story because what it does is to say

:22:35.:22:42.

that everyone can pursue a dream and pursue a dream in terms, even in a

:22:43.:22:48.

scientific way. Steve may now have swapped their valves for ammonites,

:22:49.:22:53.

but his old habits are not yet extinct. He even helped fix the

:22:54.:22:56.

toilet in his new museum. Now plays for science, education and

:22:57.:22:57.

wonderment. Albinism in Africa is

:22:58.:23:03.

associated with many negative As a result, many albinos

:23:04.:23:04.

suffer stigma, alienation However, one group of youngsters

:23:05.:23:09.

is stepping into the limelight, hoping to be named Kenya's first

:23:10.:23:14.

Mr and Miss Albino. Dayo Yusuf went to meet some

:23:15.:23:21.

of the models as they were A step-by-step guide

:23:22.:23:24.

on the ways of the catwalk. Girls and boys alike,

:23:25.:23:27.

these models are being introduced It is a first for them

:23:28.:23:29.

because they have lived most of their lives hidden

:23:30.:23:36.

in the shadows. Things might be slightly better now

:23:37.:23:39.

but a few years ago, living with albinism was almost

:23:40.:23:42.

unbearable and some remember being accepted into society

:23:43.:23:46.

was the hardest part. It was a bit hard because people

:23:47.:23:53.

in the rural areas, most of them They never understood,

:23:54.:23:56.

how does an African get a white kid or something but with time,

:23:57.:24:05.

I was inspired by how We've not been represented

:24:06.:24:07.

in all areas and some people may be have this notion, like,

:24:08.:24:15.

there's thing we can't do so it's Horror stories of people living

:24:16.:24:18.

with albinism being targeted for ritual sacrifices spread fear

:24:19.:24:23.

within the community. But now there seems

:24:24.:24:28.

to be a sense of calm. With caution, they are

:24:29.:24:31.

slowly learning to The Kenya Albinism Society has

:24:32.:24:33.

organised a beauty pageant to mark ten years since its inception

:24:34.:24:40.

to showcase the strides they have When you look into the mirror long

:24:41.:24:45.

enough, you will only see the small thing you want to change

:24:46.:24:56.

but for Sarah Jones here, a little make-up, a little

:24:57.:24:58.

bit of beauty therapy, will give her the courage she needs

:24:59.:25:00.

to walk the streets feeling In this first of its kind in Africa,

:25:01.:25:03.

Mr and Miss Albinism Kenya contenders are being taken

:25:04.:25:09.

through thorough coaching. Not only in their looks

:25:10.:25:13.

but character as well. We also do grooming and etiquette

:25:14.:25:17.

and personal attributes. That is how to face people,

:25:18.:25:22.

how to talk people, how in town you meeting with people,

:25:23.:25:25.

how you mingle with them and in town, how you

:25:26.:25:28.

are supposed to walk. Before, they used to believe that,

:25:29.:25:30.

you know, "I can never be a model Their confidence, we are still

:25:31.:25:33.

working on it but let me tell For a long time, they have had

:25:34.:25:38.

to stick together for support but now, as more people open up

:25:39.:25:44.

to them, people living with albinism are learning to embrace society

:25:45.:25:47.

and they might just surprise When your brother

:25:48.:25:56.

becomes your enemy... Some inspirational youngsters.

:25:57.:26:10.

That's it from me will stop goodbye. Hello there. A fairly static weather

:26:11.:26:27.

pattern as we move into the weekend. High pressure with us and showers

:26:28.:26:30.

coming in from the east. Although we will keep this low-pressure for

:26:31.:26:35.

later on Sunday. The influence

:26:36.:26:36.

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