21/10/2016 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alpa Patel.


The headlines: Canada says its attempt to sign a free


It would have been the EU's biggest trade deal but Wallonia,


the French-speaking part of Belgium, refused to sign up to it


In Iraq, Islamic State suicide bombers launch


a surprise attack on Kirkuk - the city is now under curfew.


The lost generation remembered - 50 years ago today, a primary school


was engulfed by coal waste, killing 116 children.


Wonder Woman's new turn - she's to become a UN ambasssador


for women and girls - but not everyone is happy.


And the pride of the Russian navy sails down the English Channel


on their way to Syria - the British say they are watching


Canada's top negotiator has walked out of talks


The deal is called CETA and negotiations between Canada


Because the Belgian region of Wallonia has blocked it.


It's important to say Belgium is the only country out


of the EU block of 28 against the deal


Wallonia has a population of 3.6 million people


The regional Parliament says CETA is a threat to farmers


and small businesses - that increased competition


from North American multi-nationals will destroy livelihoods.


Well, the Canadian Trade Minister wasn't afraid to express her


frustration when she spoke to reporters earlier.


TRANSLATION: It seems evident to me and to Canada


that the European Union is now not capable of having an


Even with a country that has values as European as Canada,


and also with a country that is as nice and


Let's get more from our business correspondent, Samira Hussein.


Tell us why this deal was so significant. It is significant for


some of the reasons you outlined. This has been in negotiation for


seven years and this was really the end of it. This is where they were


putting the bow and the finishing touches on. Canada's Prime Minister


is due to go to Brussels next week to sign the deal. It seems that it


was almost there and now it seems that it's not. It is also


significant for other possible trade deals. The United States is


negotiating, looking to negotiate, a trade deal with the EU. If this


trade deal with Canada ends up falling apart, it also puts a


potential trade deal between the US and the EU in jeopardy. It comes at


a very interesting time here in the United States. Anti trade rhetoric


has grown quite significantly, especially in this heated US


presidential campaign. There is a lot of talk of trade deals and the


kind of negative impact it has had on some boards of the United States.


To be negotiating a new trade deal in this kind of error, it's probably


not ideal. Thank you very much for that.


Meanwhile, the other major topic of discussion at this summit


in Brussels was Britain's departure from the EU.


The British Prime Minister Theresa May said she is optimistic she can


get a deal "that is right for the UK".


My colleague is in Brussels. He explains just how much people are


talking about Brexit. We knew this wasn't


on the agenda formally. Theresa May was due to give


a briefing to the other 27 leaders. She did that, it lasted five


minutes, and I interviewed a number They all said it was


as they expected. She confirmed that Britain intends


to exit the European Union and it intends to trigger Article 50


by the end of March. But really this was never


about policy detail. It was about tone and about


developing relationships. This was the UK Prime Minister


Theresa May's first EU summit and it was invaluable time


that she got, meeting the other 27 leaders and starting to develop


those relationships which will be crucial when the Brexit


negotiations carry on. And speaking to those leaders


who met her for dinner last night, they all emphasised how they want


a good working relationship, they want the process of Brexit


to be as smooth as possible and to serve the interests


of the EU and the UK. So, so far so good in those


relationships, but of course they will be put under huge pressure


once the negotiations begin. The other issue under


discussion was Syria. The British Prime Minister has


insisted the EU has a robust stance, particularly over


the actions of Russia - here's what the German Chancellor


had to say about it. TRANSLATION: We have laid


all the ground work because we have said not only that we could imagine


measures against Syria, but also measures against all who are allied


with Syria in this regard. I want to bring you some breaking


news and it concerns The entire terminal building has had


to be evacuated after several All flights were suspended and some


arrivals were diverted. One passenger said he was told


by a staff member that an alarm was triggered after reports


a substance had been causing people to cough on the escalators


leading up to security. The London Ambulance Service say


they are treating 26 people for breathing difficulties -


two have been taken to hopspital Let's go to Iraq and the fight


to retake the city of Mosul Government troops backed by Kurdish


forces are inching forward. With Iraqi troops pushing


in from the South and Kurdish But today IS militants struck back -


launching an attack in Kirkuk - about 200 kilometres


South East of Mosul. Our Middle East correspondent


Orla Guerin sent this report Savouring freedom, civilians brought


to safety by Kurdish fighters. They escaped the tyranny


of so-called Islamic State. And the dangers of


coalition air strikes. IS targets north of Mosul


being pounded again today, This is the scene in the city of


Kirkuk. Security forces battling to regain


control after a daring They hit multiple targets


in and around the oil-rich city, which is 100 miles from Mosul


and had been considered secure. Troops hunting for the militants


who proved they can still strike Back at the front line,


bomb disposal experts arrived They've already cleared 300


landmines along a stretch The troops are getting into position


now for mine clearance. This is absolutely crucial


that the Peshmerga The mines are slowing progress


and they're claiming lives, but the work has


to be done with care. Islamic State has laid mines


in this area like a carpet. There were fears it


was a suicide bomber. Nearby, civilians who had just fled,


now safe from IS, but being screened by Kurdish intelligence -


they're trying to prevent militants This man tells us they were forced


to grow beards, and if IS caught someone with a phone,


they were beheaded. He's rushed away before


he can say more. A new camp is now being raised


here for the many others who are expected to seek refuge


from Iraq's later swore. who are expected to seek refuge


from Iraq's latest war. Orla Guerin, BBC News,


north of Mosul. Exactly 50 years ago today,


a huge coal-mining waste tip slipped It engulfed homes and the local


primary school, killing 116 Events have been held today


to mark the anniversary of the Aberfan disaster -


beginning with a minute's silence. Early morning in Aberfan


and a community coming together to remember the disaster


50 years ago. The site of Pantglas School


is now a memorial garden. At 9:15, the moment classrooms


were engulfed, And at the cemetery,


high on the hillside. This was a time to remember the 144


people who died in a man-made disaster when liquefied coal waste


slid down the mountainside. Eight-year-old Gerald Kirwan


was in the second year juniors. He was one of the lucky ones,


but his memories I could hear, like,


a rumbling, thunder. A hell of a noise, didn't


know what it was and we, like, looked up to the window


and we have seen, like, I remember being pushed


across the classroom to the back wall, the muck


was up to my chest. We were just waiting,


wondering, what had happened to cause the devastation


we were trapped in. Where classrooms had once stood,


today the Prince of Wales planted a tree,


a tribute to the lost generation. No-one should have to bear


the losses you suffered, but no-one could have borne those losses


with greater strength A balloon for each of the victims,


and a moment for Gerald Kirwan to share with his granddaughter, after


keeping his emotions bottled up for We never, ever spoke about it,


to my mother and father, Even the children,


there were only a few of But it had been a disaster


that was waiting to Coal waste had been dumped in huge


tips on top of streams and Local people were joined by miners


in the search for survivors. children they were now


finding had all died. Many were looking for their own own


sons and daughters. David Goldsworthy lost his


ten-year-old brother that day. This is the first time


he has returned to Aberfan on the anniversary itself


from Canada, where he emigrated more He would have been 60


this year, in August. And the fact that I'd liked


to have had a brother. No-one was ever prosecuted


for the lives that were lost, although the National


Coal Board was found to be to blame. I can go back to that


class in seconds. And I don't imagine


that will ever go away. Sure my reporting on ceremonies


marking the Aberfan disaster 50 years ago today.


A flotilla of Russian warships has passed


through the English channel today - on its way to Syria.


The vessels included the aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov


The flotilla, which is being viewed as a show of strength from Moscow,


was shadowed all the way by the Royal Navy.


Our correspondent Daniel Sandford watched as they passed


Cruising past Dover Harbour, beneath the iconic White Cliffs of Dover


and into the English Channel, Russia's only aircraft carrier,


the Admiral Kuznetsov, a 30-year-old survivor


On its decks, the planes that will reinforce the Russian


Also in the flotilla, the battle cruiser Peter the Great,


and the Russian ships were man marked as the Defence Secretary put


The type 45 destroyer HMS Duncan had sailed from Portsmouth to do


The type 23 frigate HMS Richmond has been


tracking the Russians all the way from Norway.


As we watched, all the ships were sailing west, straight down


It's been an extraordinary display of Russian military power,


just a few miles off the British coast.


One Moscow newspaper called it 'an armada',


and its chosen route, straight down the English Channel,


is likely to have been chosen deliberately.


The warships could have gone round the north coast of Scotland,


but this was the route that sent a message.


The deployment itself is clearly directed,


in the immediate sense, toward Syria, but it has a side


benefit to the mentality of the present-day leaders


of Russia, of showing that they still have a navy


And the message to this country, in particular, is probably


that their navy is more extensive than ours now.


For ten years now Russia's been directing displays


This was an encounter off the coast of Scotland,


filmed by the crew of a Russian bomber as it was challenged


But today's Russian drive-by, on the way to prop up


President Assad in Syria, was one of the more


dramatic displays, so close that the warships


could be clearly seen from the White Cliffs of Dover.


Daniel Sandford, BBC News, in the English Channel.


Now a look at some of the day's other news.


The state rail company of Cameroon says a train has derailed


between the country's two main cities.


A BBC reporter says at least ten people have died.


Extra coaches had been added to the train -


because the highway between the two cities was closed due


European space officials have acknowledged a craft sent to Mars


crashed when touching down on the surface on the


The mission had been designed to usher in a new era


Officials estimate the impact could have happened at a speed


Thailand and Australia have asked fans attending next month's


World Cup qualifying match to refrain from chanting


out of respect for the mourning of the Thai king.


Both teams have also asked fans to wear clothing which is black,


white or grey, preferably without any designs.


She's a comic book superhero who became a TV star


in the 1970s watched by millions here and around the world.


But now in a story twist that may well have surprised even


the fictional superhero, the United Nations is making


Wonder Woman a UN Ambassador for Women and Girls.


It is a decision that has bewildered some and sparked


protest from other - as Nick Bryant reports


She can leap from tall buildings, she can also bend steel,


but the transformation of Wonder Woman into a UN Ambassador


for Female Empowerment has plunged this world body into the kind


of storm that would test even her superhuman powers.


This is the modern-day face of Wonder Woman, and the actress


Lynda Carter who brought her to life in the television series was also


With a new film about to be launched, UN officials hope the hero


will help reach younger audiences around the world.


So Wonder Woman lives, do not doubt it.


Wonder Woman helps bring out the inner strength every woman has.


But staff at the UN today mounted a silent protest.


"Real women deserve a real ambassador", read their signs.


There is also a real annoyance that the superhero's leather boots


might trample on cultural, religious and geopolitical sensibilities.


Hundreds of UN staff have added their names to an online


petition, complaining, and I quote, "That a large breasted White woman


petition, complaining, and I quote, "That a large breasted white woman


of impossible proportions, scantily clad in a shimmery,


thigh-baring body suit with an American motif


and knee-high boots is not an appropriate figurehead."


So what's been the reaction outside the UN?


I like what she stands for, I don't really appreciate


Although Wonder Woman is a great character, I think we can find


someone better to represent women, someone who is not


The UN hoped this collaboration would be a PR coup,


but there are many senior figures here who view it as a


Nick Bryant, BBC News, New York.


A quick update from London City Airport. The fire brigade has said


there were no unexpectedly high chemical readings. Latest reports


say the airport has been declared safe after hundreds of passengers


were evacuated earlier. For years, Steve Etches earned


a living as a plumber. But in his spare time,


he wandered the coastline of Dorset It's well known for it's many


fossils. And now, Steve's hobby has


enabled him to open a museum -- From ceramic to Jurassic, Steve


etchings is the plumber who became a palaeontologist. So this is where it


all began for you. Yes, this is it. These are the rocks that I have


spent my last 35 years looking at. It all began on this beach in


Dorset. You can't stop finding fossils. Anyone can come along the


beach and find fossils all over the place. Steve is an apprentice


plumber at 16, but was always fascinated by fossils, so he started


collecting and collecting and collecting. Here we are in the


garage. He amassed 2500 specimens. So many come he turned his garage


into a display. For the last 22 years it has been in here but it has


also migrated into the dining room. But it wasn't enough, so four years


ago he set out to establish this. The Steve Etches museum. It's a


unique world-class collection of 150 million -year-old Jurassic hose


line. Not many people can say, I've got an museum named after me. I


never asked for it. That was done at a vote when I went to the toilet and


they said we are going to college the Etches collection. I said thanks


very much. A long way from an apprentice plumber all the way to


being in charge and running your own fossil museum. Plumbing was a job


that has to be done. But now, this is the dream come true. It took ?5


million of private and Heritage lottery money to create. What do you


make of the back story of Steve the plumber becoming Steve the


palaeontologist? That's a remarkable story because what it does is to say


that everyone can pursue a dream and pursue a dream in terms, even in a


scientific way. Steve may now have swapped their valves for ammonites,


but his old habits are not yet extinct. He even helped fix the


toilet in his new museum. Now plays for science, education and


wonderment. Albinism in Africa is


associated with many negative As a result, many albinos


suffer stigma, alienation However, one group of youngsters


is stepping into the limelight, hoping to be named Kenya's first


Mr and Miss Albino. Dayo Yusuf went to meet some


of the models as they were A step-by-step guide


on the ways of the catwalk. Girls and boys alike,


these models are being introduced It is a first for them


because they have lived most of their lives hidden


in the shadows. Things might be slightly better now


but a few years ago, living with albinism was almost


unbearable and some remember being accepted into society


was the hardest part. It was a bit hard because people


in the rural areas, most of them They never understood,


how does an African get a white kid or something but with time,


I was inspired by how We've not been represented


in all areas and some people may be have this notion, like,


there's thing we can't do so it's Horror stories of people living


with albinism being targeted for ritual sacrifices spread fear


within the community. But now there seems


to be a sense of calm. With caution, they are


slowly learning to The Kenya Albinism Society has


organised a beauty pageant to mark ten years since its inception


to showcase the strides they have When you look into the mirror long


enough, you will only see the small thing you want to change


but for Sarah Jones here, a little make-up, a little


bit of beauty therapy, will give her the courage she needs


to walk the streets feeling In this first of its kind in Africa,


Mr and Miss Albinism Kenya contenders are being taken


through thorough coaching. Not only in their looks


but character as well. We also do grooming and etiquette


and personal attributes. That is how to face people,


how to talk people, how in town you meeting with people,


how you mingle with them and in town, how you


are supposed to walk. Before, they used to believe that,


you know, "I can never be a model Their confidence, we are still


working on it but let me tell For a long time, they have had


to stick together for support but now, as more people open up


to them, people living with albinism are learning to embrace society


and they might just surprise When your brother


becomes your enemy... Some inspirational youngsters.


That's it from me will stop goodbye. Hello there. A fairly static weather


pattern as we move into the weekend. High pressure with us and showers


coming in from the east. Although we will keep this low-pressure for


later on Sunday. The influence


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