21/10/2016 World News Today


21/10/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:08.

Canada abandons efforts to secure a massive free trade deal

:00:09.:00:14.

It says the EU is "not capable" of signing such a deal,

:00:15.:00:20.

after it was blocked by a region of Belgium with a population

:00:21.:00:23.

Remembering the victims of one of the worst disasters in British

:00:24.:00:38.

modern history. It is 50 years since a village in Wales was engulfed by

:00:39.:00:48.

coal waste, killing over a hundred children.

:00:49.:00:56.

In Iraq - Islamic state suicide bombers launch

:00:57.:00:58.

a surprise attack on Kirkuk - the city is now under curfew.

:00:59.:01:13.

And Wonder woman's new turn - she is to become a UN Ambasssador

:01:14.:01:16.

for women and girls - but not everyone is happy.

:01:17.:01:19.

It's taken seven years, but now a trade deal between Canada

:01:20.:01:23.

and the European Union appears to be on the verge of collapse.

:01:24.:01:25.

The deal is called CETA, but it's run into trouble

:01:26.:01:28.

To be specific, it is in fact because

:01:29.:01:31.

of a region in Belgium called Wallonia.

:01:32.:01:33.

It's important to say that Belgium is the only country out

:01:34.:01:35.

of the EU block of 28 opposed to the deal

:01:36.:01:38.

Well, the region of 3.6 million people says the deal threatens

:01:39.:01:42.

They fear increased competition from North American multi-nationals

:01:43.:01:45.

Here's our business correspondent Samira Hussain with more.

:01:46.:02:01.

They were in negotiations for seven years and this

:02:02.:02:04.

This was really, you know, what they would say -

:02:05.:02:07.

they were just putting the bow on the finishing touches.

:02:08.:02:10.

Canada's prime minister Justin Trudeau is due to go

:02:11.:02:12.

to Brussels next week to sign the deal, so it seems

:02:13.:02:14.

it was almost there, and now it seems that it is not,

:02:15.:02:17.

but it is also significant for other possible trade deals.

:02:18.:02:20.

The United States is negotiating, or is looking to negotiate, a trade

:02:21.:02:23.

If this trade deal with Canada ends up falling apart, it also puts

:02:24.:02:35.

a potential trade deal between the United States

:02:36.:02:37.

and the European Union in jeopardy, and it comes at a very interesting

:02:38.:02:40.

And the trade rhetoric has grown quite significantly,

:02:41.:02:53.

especially in this heated US presidential campaign.

:02:54.:02:54.

There is a lot of talk of trade deals and the kind of negative

:02:55.:02:58.

impact it has had on some parts of the United States,

:02:59.:03:00.

so to be negotiating a new trade deal in this kind of era

:03:01.:03:04.

In the last hour Christophe Bondy, a former Canadian trade

:03:05.:03:18.

negotiator on the CETA deal, spoke to the BBC's Tanya Beckett.

:03:19.:03:22.

He said the deal was blocked in the 11th hour.

:03:23.:03:27.

We were getting close to a signing ceremony that was to take place

:03:28.:03:30.

on the 27th and here we found out one of the subnational

:03:31.:03:33.

governments in Belgium is able to hold up the entire deal,

:03:34.:03:35.

so the ball is really in Europe's court right now

:03:36.:03:38.

Do you see this as a failing of Europe?

:03:39.:03:41.

I think it shows the complexities of dealing with...

:03:42.:03:43.

Trying to proceed with a trade agreement with Europe,

:03:44.:03:45.

given the multiplicity of political issues that can be going on that may

:03:46.:03:49.

My understanding is this has more to do with internal Belgian politics

:03:50.:03:53.

than it has to do with this international trade deal.

:03:54.:03:56.

That may be the case but it is true that in the West we also are seeing

:03:57.:04:00.

a general reluctance to believe in trade deals and their ability

:04:01.:04:02.

Certainly the context is challenging for anyone pursuing

:04:03.:04:05.

international trade negotiations, and I think that is why Canada has

:04:06.:04:08.

tried to approach these negotiations and its entire trade policy to blend

:04:09.:04:11.

both trade and the social aspects, so this is a bit

:04:12.:04:14.

This deal is one of the most progressive trade deals that has

:04:15.:04:24.

It has protection for the environment built in,

:04:25.:04:27.

protection for labour, for small and medium enterprises.

:04:28.:04:29.

So it is really a gold standard agreement, and if that

:04:30.:04:31.

agreement can't make it through in the European

:04:32.:04:33.

Meanwhile the other major topic of discussion at this summit

:04:34.:04:37.

in Brussels was Britain's departure from the EU.

:04:38.:04:39.

Theresa May said she is optimistic she can get a deal

:04:40.:04:41.

Well, my colleague Ros Atkins is in Brussels.

:04:42.:04:44.

He explains just how much people are talking about Brexit.

:04:45.:05:08.

We knew this wasn't on the agenda formerly.

:05:09.:05:11.

Theresa May was due to give a briefing to the other 27 leaders.

:05:12.:05:15.

She did that, it lasted five minutes, and I interviewed a number

:05:16.:05:17.

They all said it was as they expected -

:05:18.:05:21.

she confirmed that Britain intends to exit the European Union and it

:05:22.:05:24.

intends to trigger Article 50 by the end of March,

:05:25.:05:26.

but really this was never about policy detail.

:05:27.:05:28.

It was about tone and about developing relationships.

:05:29.:05:30.

This was the UK Prime Minister Theresa May's first EU summit,

:05:31.:05:33.

and it was invaluable time that she had got meeting the other

:05:34.:05:36.

27 leaders and starting to develop those relationships which will be

:05:37.:05:38.

crucial when the Brexit negotiations carry on.

:05:39.:05:47.

Speaking to those leaders who met her for dinner last night,

:05:48.:05:50.

the all emphasise how they want a good working relationship,

:05:51.:05:52.

they want the process of Brexit to be as smooth as possible

:05:53.:05:55.

and to serve the interests of the EU and UK, so it's so far,

:05:56.:05:58.

But of course they will be put under huge pressure once

:05:59.:06:02.

It was one of the worst disasters in modern British history.

:06:03.:06:12.

This morning a minute's silence was held in the village

:06:13.:06:15.

of Aberfan at 9.15 - the exact moment 50 years ago

:06:16.:06:17.

when 116 children and 28 adults were killed.

:06:18.:06:19.

They died when an avalanche of coal waste - 150,000 tonnes of it -

:06:20.:06:23.

slid down the hillside and engulfed the village primary school

:06:24.:06:25.

Around half the children at the school were killed.

:06:26.:06:28.

Sian Lloyd has spent the day in Aberfan and sent us this report.

:06:29.:06:32.

Early morning in Aberfan, and a community coming together

:06:33.:06:34.

to remember the disaster 50 years ago.

:06:35.:06:35.

The site of Pantglas School is now a memorial garden.

:06:36.:06:44.

At 9:15, the moment classrooms were engulfed, silence fell.

:06:45.:06:46.

And at the cemetery, high on the hillside.

:06:47.:06:48.

This was a time to remember the 144 people who died in a man-made

:06:49.:07:18.

disaster, when liquefied coal waste slid down the mountainside.

:07:19.:07:20.

Eight-year-old Gerald Kirwan was in the second year juniors.

:07:21.:07:22.

He was one of the lucky ones, but his memories

:07:23.:07:25.

I could hear like, a rumbling, like a thunder.

:07:26.:07:37.

A hell of a noise, didn't know what it was

:07:38.:07:44.

and we looked up to the window and we see, like,

:07:45.:07:47.

I'd been pushed across the classroom to the back wall,

:07:48.:08:07.

We were just waiting, wondering what had happened

:08:08.:08:10.

to cause the devastation we were trapped in.

:08:11.:08:12.

Where classrooms once stood, today the Prince of Wales planted a tree,

:08:13.:08:15.

No-one should have to bear the losses you suffered, but

:08:16.:08:39.

no-one could have borne those losses with greater strength

:08:40.:08:41.

A balloon for each of the victims and a moment for Gerald Kirwan to

:08:42.:08:45.

share with his granddaughter, after keeping his emotions bottled up

:08:46.:08:48.

We never, ever spoke about it, to my mother and father,

:08:49.:08:51.

Even the children, there were only a few of us

:08:52.:09:04.

But it had been a disaster that was waiting to happen.

:09:05.:09:27.

Coal waste had been dumped in huge tips on top of streams and

:09:28.:09:30.

Local people were joined by miners in the search for survivors.

:09:31.:09:35.

But as the hours passed, rescuers realised that

:09:36.:09:36.

the children they were now finding had all died.

:09:37.:09:42.

Many were looking for their own own sons and daughters.

:09:43.:09:44.

David Goldsworthy lost his ten-year-old

:09:45.:09:45.

This is the first time he has returned to Aberfan

:09:46.:09:52.

on the anniversary itself from Canada, where he emigrated

:09:53.:09:54.

He would have been 60 this year, in August.

:09:55.:10:11.

No-one was ever prosecuted for the lives that were lost,

:10:12.:10:19.

although the National Coal Board was found to be to blame.

:10:20.:10:34.

I can go back to that class in seconds.

:10:35.:10:36.

And I don't imagine that will ever go away.

:10:37.:10:57.

That was the report on the Aberfan disaster which happened 50 years ago

:10:58.:11:01.

today. Let's go to Iraq and the fight

:11:02.:11:05.

to retake the city of Mosul Government troops backed by Kurdish

:11:06.:11:08.

forces are inching forward. With Iraqi troops pushing

:11:09.:11:12.

in from the south and Kurdish But today IS militants struck back -

:11:13.:11:14.

launching an attack in Kirkuk, about 200 kilometres

:11:15.:11:23.

south-east of Mosul. Our Middle East correspondent

:11:24.:11:25.

Orla Guerin sent this report Savouring freedom -

:11:26.:11:27.

civilians brought to safety They escaped the tyranny

:11:28.:11:30.

of so-called Islamic State, and the dangers of

:11:31.:11:49.

coalition air strikes. IS targets north of Mosul

:11:50.:11:50.

being pounded again today, This is the scene in

:11:51.:11:53.

the city of Kirkuk. Security forces battling to regain

:11:54.:11:59.

control, after a daring They hit multiple targets

:12:00.:12:01.

in and around the oil-rich city, which is 100 miles from Mosul

:12:02.:12:04.

and had been considered secure. Troops hunting for the militants

:12:05.:12:07.

who proved they can still strike Back at the front line,

:12:08.:12:10.

bomb disposal experts arrived They've already cleared 300

:12:11.:12:20.

landmines along a stretch Troops are getting into position

:12:21.:12:29.

now for mine clearance. This is absolutely crucial

:12:30.:12:57.

for the Peshmerga The mines are slowing progress

:12:58.:12:59.

and they're claiming lives, but the work has

:13:00.:13:02.

to be done with care. Islamic State has laid mines

:13:03.:13:04.

in this area like a carpet. There were fears it

:13:05.:13:07.

was a suicide bomber. Nearby, civilians who had just fled,

:13:08.:13:10.

now safe from IS, but being screened by Kurdish intelligence,

:13:11.:13:14.

they're trying to prevent militants This man tells us they were forced

:13:15.:13:16.

to grow beards, and if IS caught someone with a phone,

:13:17.:13:23.

they were beheaded. He's rushed away before

:13:24.:13:24.

he can say more. A new camp is now being raised

:13:25.:13:42.

here for the many others who are expected to seek refuge

:13:43.:13:45.

from Iraq's latest war. Orla Guerin, BBC News,

:13:46.:13:47.

north of Mosul. Stay with us on BBC

:13:48.:13:57.

World News - still to come: The pride of the Russian Navy SEALs

:13:58.:14:08.

down the English Channel on its way to Syria. The British say they are

:14:09.:14:17.

watching them every step of the way -- sails down.

:14:18.:14:24.

A historic moment that many of his victims have

:14:25.:14:26.

The former dictator in the dock - older, slimmer, but as he sat

:14:27.:14:30.

Dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night

:14:31.:14:34.

on the plain outside Korem, it lights up a biblical famine -

:14:35.:14:37.

The depressing conclusion - in Argentina today

:14:38.:14:39.

it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money.

:14:40.:14:47.

We have had controversies in the past with Great Britain,

:14:48.:14:49.

but as good friends we have always found it good and lasting solution.

:14:50.:14:57.

Concorde bows out in style after almost three decades

:14:58.:14:59.

in service - an aircraft that has installed its many admirers

:15:00.:15:01.

for so long taxis home one last time.

:15:02.:15:19.

Canada has walked out of talks to save a free trade deal

:15:20.:15:26.

with the European Union after it was blocked by the Belgian

:15:27.:15:29.

Commemorations have been held on the 50th anniversary of one

:15:30.:15:42.

of the worst disasters in modern British history - when a village

:15:43.:15:57.

in Wales was engulfed by coal waste, killing over 100 children.

:15:58.:15:59.

A flotilla of Russian warships have passed

:16:00.:16:01.

through the English channel today - on its way to Syria.

:16:02.:16:04.

The vessels included the aircraft carrier -

:16:05.:16:06.

The flotilla, which is being viewed as a show of strength

:16:07.:16:09.

from Moscow, was shadowed - all the way - by the Royal Navy.

:16:10.:16:12.

Our correspondent Daniel Sandford watched as they passed

:16:13.:16:14.

Cruising past Dover Harbour, beneath the iconic White Cliffs of Dover

:16:15.:16:18.

and into the English Channel, Russia's only aircraft carrier

:16:19.:16:20.

the Admiral Kuznetsov, a 30-year-old survivor

:16:21.:16:21.

On its decks, the planes that will reinforce the Russian

:16:22.:16:25.

Also in the flotilla, the battle cruiser, Peter the Great,

:16:26.:16:28.

and the Russian ships were man marked as the Defence Secretary put

:16:29.:16:31.

The type 45 destroyer HMS Duncan had sailed from Portsmouth to do

:16:32.:16:35.

The type 23 frigate, the HMS Richmond has been

:16:36.:16:38.

tracking the Russians all the way from Norway.

:16:39.:16:40.

As we watched, all the ships were sailing west, straight down

:16:41.:16:43.

It's been an extraordinary display of Russian military power,

:16:44.:17:15.

just a few miles off the British coast.

:17:16.:17:16.

One Moscow newspaper called it 'an armada',

:17:17.:17:18.

and its chosen route, straight down the English Channel,

:17:19.:17:20.

is likely to have been chosen deliberately.

:17:21.:17:22.

The warships could have gone round the north coast of Scotland,

:17:23.:17:25.

but this was the route that sent a message.

:17:26.:17:27.

The deployment itself is clearly directed,

:17:28.:17:28.

in the immediate sense, toward Syria, but it has a side

:17:29.:17:31.

benefit to the mentality of the present-day leaders

:17:32.:17:33.

of Russia, of showing that they still have a navy

:17:34.:17:37.

And the message to this country, in particular, is probably

:17:38.:17:41.

that their navy is more extensive than ours now.

:17:42.:17:43.

For ten years now Russia's been directing displays

:17:44.:17:45.

This was an encounter off the coast of Scotland,

:17:46.:17:48.

filmed by the crew of a Russian bomber as it was challenged

:17:49.:17:51.

But today's Russian drive-by, on the way to prop up

:17:52.:17:55.

President Assad in Syria, was one of the more

:17:56.:17:57.

dramatic displays, so close that the warships

:17:58.:17:58.

could be clearly seen from the White Cliffs of Dover.

:17:59.:18:04.

Daniel Sandford, BBC News, in the English Channel.

:18:05.:18:12.

Let's take a look at some other stories now:

:18:13.:18:21.

At least 53 people have died in a train crash in Cameroon.

:18:22.:18:25.

The state rail company of Cameroon says a train has derailed

:18:26.:18:27.

between the country's two main cities, Yaounde and Douala.

:18:28.:18:30.

Witnesses say ten carriages overturned, trapping passengers

:18:31.:18:31.

Extra coaches had been added to the train

:18:32.:18:34.

because the highway between the two cities was closed due

:18:35.:18:37.

European space officials have acknowledged a craft sent to Mars

:18:38.:18:40.

crashed when touching down on the surface on the

:18:41.:18:42.

The mission had been designed to usher in a new era

:18:43.:18:46.

Officials estimate the impact could have happened

:18:47.:18:48.

at a speed greater than 300 kilometres an hour.

:18:49.:18:51.

Thailand and Australia have asked fans attending next month's

:18:52.:18:53.

World Cup qualifying match to refrain from chanting,

:18:54.:18:55.

out of respect for the mourning of the Thai king.

:18:56.:18:57.

Both teams have also asked fans to wear clothing which is black,

:18:58.:19:00.

white or grey, preferably without any designs.

:19:01.:19:13.

Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola says two

:19:14.:19:21.

of the Club's star players - striker Sergio Aguero

:19:22.:19:23.

and defender Vincent Kompany - both "have a future".

:19:24.:19:25.

Neither started the Champions League defeat against Barcelona

:19:26.:19:32.

on Wednesday and Kompany wasn't even on the bench, leading

:19:33.:19:35.

to reports they are not in the manager's plans.

:19:36.:19:39.

Vincent Kompany and Sergio Aguero, their future at Manchester city...

:19:40.:19:46.

Vincent Kompany was not fit, he was not perfectly fit, and that is why

:19:47.:19:56.

we took that decision. Between them it would normally be Vincent Kompany

:19:57.:20:00.

on the bench, but he was not fit. With respect to Sergio Aguero, it

:20:01.:20:09.

was a tactical decision about the game.

:20:10.:20:12.

Lauren Holiday, the US football star famous for helping her team win

:20:13.:20:15.

the 2015 Women's World Cup, has had a brain tumour removed.

:20:16.:20:18.

She was diagnosed just six weeks before she was due to give birth.

:20:19.:20:21.

The two-time Olympic gold medallist decided to have her baby first

:20:22.:20:24.

before surgery to take out the benign growth.

:20:25.:20:26.

Her husband, NBA basketball star Drew Holiday, has taken indefinite

:20:27.:20:28.

leave from the game to help care for her.

:20:29.:20:30.

Her former USA team-mates were in action on Thursday night -

:20:31.:20:36.

and took to social media to support her.

:20:37.:20:38.

Morgan Brian posted this picture of them wearing wrist

:20:39.:20:44.

bands labelled, "LH12," her initials and shirt number.

:20:45.:20:49.

She also said, "Last night we played for you."

:20:50.:20:52.

Bangladesh have moved to within 72 runs of England after two days

:20:53.:20:55.

The visitors were bowled out for 293 in the morning,

:20:56.:20:59.

Moeen Ali made a breakthrough just before lunch, taking two

:21:00.:21:03.

Opening batsman Tamim Iqbal was 55 not out

:21:04.:21:11.

as Bangladesh made 119-3 by tea - he eventually went for 78.

:21:12.:21:14.

Bangladesh finished the day on 221 for five trailing

:21:15.:21:16.

England by those 72 runs.

:21:17.:21:22.

One baseball line for you - the Chicago Cubs are just one

:21:23.:21:25.

win away from their first World Series appearance since 1945,

:21:26.:21:27.

after beating the Dodgers 8-4 in Los Angeles on Thursday.

:21:28.:21:32.

The win means the Cubs are 3-2 up in their seven-match

:21:33.:21:35.

Obviously it feels good. I would much rather go home under those

:21:36.:21:46.

circumstances than the other. You want to get it done as quickly as

:21:47.:21:50.

possible so it will be a formidable event. Our guys will absolutely be

:21:51.:21:54.

ready for the moment, I promise you that. It is great. The city of

:21:55.:21:59.

Chicago will be buzzing right now. I expect it to sell out. It will be a

:22:00.:22:00.

lot of fun. The NFL says it will

:22:01.:22:04.

reopen its investigation into this man, New York Giants

:22:05.:22:12.

kicker Josh Brown, after police documents

:22:13.:22:14.

revealed the player admitted Brown was arrested last year but no

:22:15.:22:16.

charges were brought. A separate NFL investigation

:22:17.:22:19.

led to a one-game ban. NFL commissioner Roger Goodell said

:22:20.:22:22.

they were not given access to all the information at the time

:22:23.:22:24.

but will now look at the case again. We take this issue incredibly

:22:25.:22:32.

seriously. This is something we have been working on through policy

:22:33.:22:36.

changes, to educating our players to make sure they understand how to

:22:37.:22:40.

deal with issues with their families, give the resources to be

:22:41.:22:43.

able to deal with this. But when it happens we are not going to tolerate

:22:44.:22:47.

it. So we have some new information here. We will evaluate that in the

:22:48.:22:51.

context of our policy, and we will take it from there.

:22:52.:22:55.

She's a comic book super hero - who became a TV star

:22:56.:23:08.

in the 1970s watched by millions here and around the world.

:23:09.:23:18.

But now, in a story twist, the United Nations is making wonder

:23:19.:23:21.

woman a UN Ambassador for Women and Girls.

:23:22.:23:23.

It is a decision that has bewildered some and sparked

:23:24.:23:26.

protest from others - as Nick Bryant reports

:23:27.:23:28.

She can leap from tall buildings, she can also bend steel, but the

:23:29.:23:33.

transformation of Wonder Woman into a UN Ambassador for Female

:23:34.:23:35.

Empowerment has plunged this world body into the kind of storm that

:23:36.:23:38.

would test even her superhuman powers.

:23:39.:23:42.

This is the modern-day face of Wonder Woman, and the actress

:23:43.:23:44.

Lynda Carter who brought her to life in the television series was also at

:23:45.:23:48.

With a new film about to be launched, UN officials

:23:49.:23:51.

hope the hero will help to reach younger audiences around the world.

:23:52.:23:54.

So Wonder Woman lives - do not doubt it.

:23:55.:23:56.

Wonder Woman helps bring out the inner

:23:57.:24:00.

But staff at the UN today mounted a silent protest.

:24:01.:24:12.

"Real women deserve a real ambassador", read their signs.

:24:13.:24:14.

There is also a real annoyance that the

:24:15.:24:16.

superhero's leather boots might trample on cultural, religious and

:24:17.:24:19.

Hundreds of UN staff have added their names

:24:20.:24:27.

to an online petition, complaining, and I quote,

:24:28.:24:29.

"That a large breasted white woman of impossible

:24:30.:24:31.

proportions, scantily clad in a shimmery, thigh-baring body suit

:24:32.:24:33.

with an American motif and knee-high boots is not an appropriate

:24:34.:24:35.

So what's been the reaction outside the UN?

:24:36.:24:48.

I like what she stands for, I don't really

:24:49.:24:50.

Although Wonder Woman is a great character, I think we can find

:24:51.:25:09.

someone better to represent women, someone who is not

:25:10.:25:12.

The UN hoped this collaboration would be a PR coup,

:25:13.:25:15.

but there are many senior figures here who view it

:25:16.:25:17.

Wonder Woman raising eyebrows in New York. Now there is just time to

:25:18.:25:34.

bring you these pictures... A Russian Soyuz spacecraft

:25:35.:25:36.

has succesfully docked with the International Space

:25:37.:25:38.

Station. The Soyuz craft, with two Russians

:25:39.:25:39.

and one American on board, completed the docking

:25:40.:25:41.

manoeuvre on Friday morning, after blasting off from

:25:42.:25:43.

Kazakhstan two days earlier. The three men will spend five months

:25:44.:25:45.

on the station before Don't they look very happy to be

:25:46.:26:03.

there? Don't forget you can get in touch with me on Twitter. I am Alpa

:26:04.:26:05.

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