22/10/2016 World News Today


22/10/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines: Iraqi forces have taken more ground in the battle

:00:00.:00:18.

to drive Islamic State militants from Mosul.

:00:19.:00:20.

As the fight edges closer, the US defence secretary promises

:00:21.:00:22.

the Iraqi Prime Minister that significant resources will be set

:00:23.:00:25.

Donald Trump vows to block trade deals if he's elected and root out

:00:26.:00:29.

We will drain the swamp in Washington, DC.

:00:30.:00:44.

Also coming up: In the French port of Calais, migrants and police

:00:45.:00:47.

clash, ahead of the demolition of the camp known as

:00:48.:00:51.

Just who was behind the massive cyber attack that affected cameras,

:00:52.:00:55.

The US Defence Secretary has been holding talks

:00:56.:01:08.

It focussed on the operation to re-take the city

:01:09.:01:14.

of Mosul from the so called Islamic StateAsh Carter wants Turkey

:01:15.:01:17.

But Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi - says it will be Iraqis who will

:01:18.:01:30.

On the ground - the Iraqi military says it has

:01:31.:01:36.

stormed the town of Qara-kosh - which is southeast of Mosul.

:01:37.:01:39.

Qara-kosh was the country's largest Christian town - before the war -

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that was until IS took control of it in 2014.

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The military say dozens of villages on the outskirts of Mosul have

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With more, here's Shaimaa Khailil who sent this report

:01:49.:01:52.

Closing in on Mosul and the so-called Islamic State. But as the

:01:53.:02:10.

Iraqi and Kurdish forces get closer, the resistance grows fiercer. The

:02:11.:02:16.

battle for Mosul is in its six day and every day brings more

:02:17.:02:20.

challenges. This town is 15 kilometres array -- away from Mosul.

:02:21.:02:26.

It was recaptured from IS biters on Thursday. Today, however, is a

:02:27.:02:33.

different story. A convoy of Iraqi special forces came under fire from

:02:34.:02:43.

Iraqi. In the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, Kurdish forces have regained

:02:44.:02:46.

control, but there are still pockets of resistance by IS. Friday the Mac

:02:47.:02:52.

attack took everyone by surprise, not least the Iraqi and Kurdish

:02:53.:02:59.

forces. With most of the resources focused on Mosul. When the Mosul

:03:00.:03:03.

offensive started, the Major concern was about IS back -- in the city and

:03:04.:03:09.

the areas around it but if the attack on Kirkuk proves anything, it

:03:10.:03:12.

is that the so-called Islamic State will fight back not just in Mosul

:03:13.:03:16.

but in key cities away from the central battle. The US Defence

:03:17.:03:23.

Secretary is in Iraq at the moment discussing progress on the Mosul

:03:24.:03:26.

Operation Herne tried to get Iraq to accept Turkish support. Turkey, says

:03:27.:03:34.

it neighbours the region of Mosul, has an interest in the ultimate

:03:35.:03:39.

outcome in Mosul. Many other parties do as well, it is a complicated

:03:40.:03:45.

city. If Turkey does get involved, that is another element that adds to

:03:46.:03:49.

the mosaic of players that has come together to fight the so-called

:03:50.:03:53.

Islamic State. The challenge is not only to recapture Mosul but also to

:03:54.:03:56.

keep those different forces on the same side as they fight a united and

:03:57.:04:00.

determined enemy. Meanwhile, hundreds of people

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are being treated for the effects of toxic gases after a sulphur plant

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was set alight south of Mosul. The fire began two days ago,

:04:07.:04:09.

when IS militants reportedly set Sulphur dioxide can cause vomiting

:04:10.:04:12.

and lasting damage to airways If you want more on the fight for

:04:13.:04:32.

Mosul, go to our website when you will find all the latest

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developments and background, including analysis on which factions

:04:37.:04:41.

and groups are involved in the fighting.

:04:42.:04:43.

To the US now, where the Republican candidate for US President,

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Donald Trump, has been giving more details about what he'd do

:04:47.:04:50.

in his first 100 days if he won the election.

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Speaking at a campaign stop in Pennsylvania,

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Mr Trump said he would either re-negotiate or withdraw

:04:57.:04:59.

completely from some international trade deals.

:05:00.:05:01.

He vowed to halt billions of dollars in payments to United Nations

:05:02.:05:04.

climate change programmes and Mr Trump said he would make it

:05:05.:05:08.

easier to produce oil, gas and clean coal in the United States.

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The presidential hopeful also said he'd place restrictions on

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The rigging of the system is designed for one reason, to keep the

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corrupt establishment and special interests in power at your expense

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and everybody's expense. I have no special interest but you, the

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American voter. I didn't have to do this, believe me. There is nothing

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easy about it. But I had to do it, I love our country, I love the people

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of our country, and I felt I had to do it.

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Let's get more analysis on this. Donald Trump making this speech in

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the significant town of Gettysburg, pitting himself to be the man of the

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people. This is Donald Trump attempting to press the reset button

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when it comes to his campaign. He says he is the man of the little

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person, he is the man of the American worker, he is the man to

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Hugh are all American division. Gettysburg was the turning point of

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the Civil War and it is where Abraham Lincoln made his famous

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speech trying to unite Americans after the Civil War. That is what

:06:37.:06:42.

Donald Trump seems to aspire to do. He has a few problems with that.

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First of all, he is seen as a very divisive figure in this campaign,

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even within his own party. Within the last few days, Republicans have

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put out an advert saying, we didn't want to many Hillarys in Washington.

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The indication is that they fear Donald Trump might not winds,

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therefore they want the Republicans to keep the house and the Senate.

:07:07.:07:10.

What Donald Trump is trying very much here to put some clear policy

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guidelines down and look forward and say this is what I would do within

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the first 100 days of office, and in doing so, there were some clear

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points. Immigration, we knew about the wall, but we didn't know about

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mandatory risen sentences for those who breach the wall and come over

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here illegally. We heard also about the limits on congressional,

:07:35.:07:41.

Congress women and men serving. That will go down very well with his core

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support who believe Washington are too big. It may go down well with

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his core supporters but what about those voters who may not be quite

:07:52.:07:56.

convinced about Donald Trump? We had 17 days to go and today, he has

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unveiled his plans for the first 100 days in office. Many people think it

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might be too late and he also unveiled it in a state that he

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appears to be losing, it is a swing state. There are other states that

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may swing towards the Democrats. So, he knows this has to work. Will it

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work? He has pitched himself successfully as the

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antiestablishment candidate and Hillary Clinton, among some voters,

:08:27.:08:30.

isn't popular either, mostly because she is an established political. Who

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knows, he might be touching a nerve, but it might be too late. A

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fascinating campaign. Thank you very much.

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Well, there are just 17 days to go until election day.

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If you want more analysis, background - go to our website.

:08:46.:08:48.

There, you'll find a dedicated election page.

:08:49.:08:54.

The telecoms giant AT is set to announce a deal to buy

:08:55.:08:57.

Time Warner for more than $80 billion.

:08:58.:09:00.

It would give the company control of the cable TV

:09:01.:09:04.

channels HBO and CNN, film studio Warner Brothers,

:09:05.:09:07.

The President of the European Parliament says he is optimistic

:09:08.:09:13.

that the free trade deal between the EU and Canada

:09:14.:09:16.

That's despite last-minute obstacles.

:09:17.:09:20.

Martin Schulz has held talks with leaders of the Belgian region

:09:21.:09:22.

of Wallonia, who are attempting to block the deal.

:09:23.:09:28.

Heavy fighting has erupted in the Syrian city of Aleppo.

:09:29.:09:31.

It comes shortly after the end of a 72-hour ceasefire.

:09:32.:09:34.

The United Nations said it had been unable to evacuate anyone

:09:35.:09:37.

from the besieged rebel-held district during the truce

:09:38.:09:39.

because the safety of its staff had not been guaranteed.

:09:40.:09:49.

Migrants have clashed with French police at the Calais Jungle camp

:09:50.:09:53.

It comes as the authorities prepared to demolish the camp. The home is

:09:54.:10:10.

home -- the camp is home to around 5000 people, including children.

:10:11.:10:16.

The preparations are well under way. The mad, things are tense.

:10:17.:10:22.

Throughout the last hour or so, we have had a group of migrants who

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have been throwing stones up towards that road which leads towards the

:10:28.:10:32.

port and also towards Eurontunnel. Some have been rushing towards the

:10:33.:10:37.

fence and the police have been responding by firing smoke grenades

:10:38.:10:40.

into the cloud of migrants, there is still smoke behind me, there is

:10:41.:10:43.

still a situation ongoing this evening. For many people here, the

:10:44.:10:48.

realisation has dawned that this camp, known as the jungle, will be

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shut down. Just hearing some more smoke grenades being fired now. From

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Monday, the migrants will have to report to a hangar just down the

:11:02.:11:05.

road from here, they will have to register and then they will be

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bussed into different parts of France, two reception centres. I

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have been speaking to charities today who tell me the population of

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the jungle is thought to be around 10,000 or so, and they reckon about

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2000 people here will not go voluntarily. They may decide to

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leave the camp beforehand and try and live rough in other parts of

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Calais or in the area or they may decide to resist. Showing you the

:11:31.:11:34.

situation around here once again. We have the police here monitoring the

:11:35.:11:38.

situation as we speak. I think they are about to go in and try and bring

:11:39.:11:43.

some calm to this situation which has been going on for the past hour

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or so. They are armed with tear gas. We haven't seen any firing of tear

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gas but we have seen smoke grenades being fired. They are heading

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towards a large group of migrants in the distance there who have been

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throwing objects and I've been shouting towards the police who are

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up on the road there, the blue lights behind, they are the lights

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of the police. They are currently stationed there, that is the road

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leading to the board they are trying to keep the situation under control.

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Still to come, a new world record for the New Zealand all Blacks.

:12:22.:12:43.

Dawn, and a biblical famine is lit up. Now, in the 20th-century. The

:12:44.:12:59.

depressing conclusion, in Argentina, it is cheaper to paper your walls

:13:00.:13:11.

with money. As good friends, we have always found a good and lasting

:13:12.:13:17.

solution. Concorde Bowers out in style.

:13:18.:13:36.

The US Defence Secretary has promised significant resources or

:13:37.:13:40.

the reconstructed of Mosul. The US Defense Secretary has

:13:41.:13:46.

promised significant resources for the reconstruction of Mosul,

:13:47.:13:48.

once an Iraqi-led coalition has recaptured the city

:13:49.:13:50.

from the Islamic State group. Donald Trump has outlined a raft

:13:51.:13:52.

of drastic measures aimed at renewing the United States,

:13:53.:13:54.

amid signs that his presidential As the fighting escalates around

:13:55.:14:06.

Mosul, some Iraqi families have made their way to the south of the city,

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using different tactics to escape IS fighters. They paint a growing

:14:11.:14:16.

picture of life in the city which has been under IS control for more

:14:17.:14:17.

than two years. Just some people's stories as they

:14:18.:16:19.

escaped IS fighters in Mozilla. Security agencies in

:16:20.:16:27.

the United States are investigating a series of cyber attacks

:16:28.:16:29.

which stopped people around the world accessing sites

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like Twitter, Amazon The attack focussed on an American

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company which provides a connection to the affected sites -

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in one of the largest Some of our most popular brands went

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a bit quiet yesterday. That is because net flicks, Twitter and

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Spotify, amongst others, were affected by one of the biggest cyber

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attacks ever. Under normal circumstances, when we type of

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internet address into our computer, it gets translated by companies like

:17:02.:17:07.

Dyn in the US into a language that computers understand. Dyn then

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talked to the requested website but yesterday, it was different, hackers

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ordered millions of devices and computers to unwittingly send

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instructions simultaneously to Dyn. It became overwhelmed and couldn't

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translate them all into code. It was -- this cyber attack has shown how

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dependent we are on supercomputing just like this. It also showed the

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vulnerability of some of our biggest companies and even the vulnerability

:17:42.:17:46.

of ordinary objects in our homes. That is because ordinarily household

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objects like baby monitors, webcams and printers were and wit in actors

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in yesterday's cyber attack. Some of them are connected to the Wi-Fi in

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our homes and were ordered by the hackers to bombard the Dyn servers.

:17:59.:18:05.

As we get more and more devices attached to the internet, these

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smart devices, unless we stop them being very easily accessed with

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default username and passwords, they will be caught it into more and more

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of these attacks. As for those who did it, we still don't know. One

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group called New World hacking contacted me claiming it was a test

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and they would target Russia, if it messed with the US. The internet is

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very powerful but that power can be turned on itself, affecting all of

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us. Liverpool have moved level on points

:18:36.:18:44.

with Arsenal at the top of the Premier League after a 2-1

:18:45.:18:47.

victory at home to It was another impressive

:18:48.:18:50.

performance by Liverpool, who were only denied top spot

:18:51.:18:52.

on goal difference because of Sadio Mane and Philippe Coutinho

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were Liverpool's scorers. We did really well. We created

:18:56.:19:06.

unbelievable chances, enough for scoring much more, especially in the

:19:07.:19:15.

second half. Of course you wish, but, yeah, so it was exciting, until

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the last second, and then created a kind of an atmosphere I have never

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had in a Premier League game where we don't play United, Everton or

:19:25.:19:29.

Arsenal with a draw in the last second.

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Arsenal are top despite only managing a goalless draw

:19:33.:19:34.

Arsenal thought they had scored in injury time but Mesut Ozil's

:19:35.:19:38.

One point though was enough on Arsene Wenger's 67th birthday

:19:39.:19:42.

The point for Middlesbrough keeps them out of the relegation zone.

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Wenger would have preferred all three points but he still

:19:47.:19:49.

promised to celebrate his birthday

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and the point could go top with a draw.

:19:52.:19:59.

At least you can have a drink on your birthday. When you win, you

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deserve it. When you don't win, you needed. In any case, it can't

:20:07.:20:09.

escape. Here are the day's other

:20:10.:20:12.

Premier League results. Everton lost just their second

:20:13.:20:14.

league game of the season, Great goals in the wins for Stoke

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and Leicester - worth watching Sunderland are still bottom,

:20:17.:20:20.

they conceded a 94th In rugby union, thoughts

:20:21.:20:23.

were with the Irish side Munster's former captain and head coach

:20:24.:20:31.

Anthony Foley today. He died less than a week ago

:20:32.:20:33.

and tributes were paid at Munster's match against Glasgow

:20:34.:20:37.

in the European Champions Cup. The players wanted to make him

:20:38.:20:38.

proud, and they did just that, Elsewhere in the Champions Cup,

:20:39.:20:41.

Saracens beat Scarlets, and Exeter are playing

:20:42.:20:47.

Ulster right now. -- it is 13-12 to Ulster in the

:20:48.:20:50.

second half. In the Challenge Cup,

:20:51.:21:05.

Gloucester beat Treviso, but both Newport Gwent Dragons

:21:06.:21:07.

and Worcester lost in Pool 3. Edinburgh held on to beat

:21:08.:21:09.

Harlequins by a single point. And Ospreys are playing Lyon

:21:10.:21:12.

in the evening game - it's Ospreys who are leading

:21:13.:21:14.

10-0 at the moment. England's cricketers finished

:21:15.:21:16.

the third day of the opening test and it's all thanks

:21:17.:21:18.

to all-rounder Ben Stokes. By first helping remove the last

:21:19.:21:23.

five Bangladesh wickets for just That meant the tourists led by 45

:21:24.:21:28.

runs, going into the second innings. But they were soon in real

:21:29.:21:34.

trouble at 62-5, But then Stokes added to his four

:21:35.:21:36.

wickets by scoring a brilliant 85 with the bat, and by the close

:21:37.:21:42.

of play, England were 228-8, It wasn't the greatest start, we

:21:43.:22:00.

were a bit shocked by how many wickets we lost. There was still

:22:01.:22:05.

time left in the game and it was a matter of occupying the crease,

:22:06.:22:09.

rotating the strike and put the bad balls away. We have all worked very

:22:10.:22:12.

hard on making sure that the defensive part of our game is tight

:22:13.:22:17.

because we all know we can hit the boundaries. If we can get through

:22:18.:22:22.

the tough periods, the more time we spend out in the middle, the easier

:22:23.:22:28.

it will get. That is all the sports and now.

:22:29.:22:33.

It's one of President Xi's goals for China that the country should

:22:34.:22:36.

But so far, progress has been limited to say the least.

:22:37.:22:40.

Qualification for the World Cup looks as far away as ever -

:22:41.:22:43.

with embarrassing defeats to Syria and Uzbekistan.

:22:44.:22:45.

all that, China has hired one of the most decorated

:22:46.:22:49.

coaches of all time - Marcello Lippi who guided

:22:50.:22:59.

If China wants to become a major nation in terms of competing in the

:23:00.:23:14.

World Cup, they have a long way to go, they haven't participated in the

:23:15.:23:19.

last world cups and the national team has a poor record so there is a

:23:20.:23:23.

long way to go there. Beyond that, in order for China to become a major

:23:24.:23:28.

player in global football, they need to develop their national league and

:23:29.:23:33.

that also represents a major challenge since they are not great

:23:34.:23:37.

bridge uses of national talent and it has not traditionally been a

:23:38.:23:40.

place where the top players around the world want to go to play. China

:23:41.:23:47.

has hired this big-name manager, can he make a difference? Yes, I think

:23:48.:23:52.

he can. The most important thing that has changed in the last couple

:23:53.:23:57.

of years is the arrival of the new Chinese President Hu is a huge

:23:58.:24:00.

football fan and clearly has decided from the top that China should make

:24:01.:24:05.

a big push to become a load -- global player. We know China has a

:24:06.:24:12.

lot of money at its disposal and money can buy you access to the

:24:13.:24:18.

world's top players in football. However, in addition, what you need

:24:19.:24:21.

is access to the global football network and getting a high profile

:24:22.:24:26.

manager like Marcello Lippi who has experience across the world and

:24:27.:24:29.

fabulous contacts is a great step forward for the country's football

:24:30.:24:37.

programme, if you will. China has a huge selection of people to choose

:24:38.:24:40.

from, more than a billion, what do you think it's problem is in finding

:24:41.:24:46.

talent? Is it a grassroots problem? Well, it is in parts. One of the

:24:47.:24:50.

things is kids have not traditionally been the deeply

:24:51.:24:55.

motivated to play football in China and that is something that the

:24:56.:24:59.

government is trying to encourage. For example, by training up 50,000

:25:00.:25:05.

new coaches to work in schools. But I think there is a deeper problem as

:25:06.:25:10.

well which is we know that China has been very successful in developing

:25:11.:25:14.

Olympic athletes and that party is, as you say, because they have a

:25:15.:25:18.

billion people to select from, you can find a lot of talent there. But

:25:19.:25:22.

the development of talented that ball is much more talent thing --

:25:23.:25:27.

but more challenging. It is more being able to select the right

:25:28.:25:33.

physique or even engaging in illegal doping, rather than really

:25:34.:25:39.

developing individuality and forms of expression which is more

:25:40.:25:41.

difficult for a centralised economy to do. Thank you. That is all from

:25:42.:25:51.

me and the team. Thank you for being with us here on World News Today.

:25:52.:25:53.

Goodbye.

:25:54.:25:57.

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