23/12/2016 World News Today


23/12/2016

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC world News today broadcasting in the UK and around

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the world. The headlines: the UN Security Council demands an end to a

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legal settlement building by Israel. The motion passed after the US

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refused to exercise its veto. Israel is describing it as shameful.

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The settlements must stop and we've been sending that message for five

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decades. The main suspect in a billion market

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tack tack is shot dead but Jimmy and still in a state of high alert.

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Relief after the men who hijacked a plane to Malta surrendered to

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police. And in sport, this athlete's coaches given a ten year ban for the

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fences. Hello and welcome. Israel has

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reacted with anger at the United Nations passed a resolution

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condemning Israeli settlements on Palestinian territory. It happened

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because the United States changed its usual veto policy that -- and

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abstained. Israel's ambassador to the Yemen said it was shameful but

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the US said it had long argued against settlement building. Today,

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the Security Council reaffirmed its consensus that settlements have no

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legal fertility. The States had been sending a message the settlements

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must stop. That has been privately and publicly fund nearly five

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decades. It is because this forum continues to be too often biased

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against Israel, because there are important issues which are not

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sufficiently addressed in this resolution and because the United

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States does not agree with every word in this text that the US did

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not vote in favour of the resolution. But it is because this

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resolution reflects the facts on the ground and is consistent with US

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policy across the public and Democratic administrations

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throughout the history of the state of Israel that the United States did

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not veto it. In the last hour, president elect

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Donald Trump has responded to this UN vote. He has tweeted:

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it is worth mentioning that Mr Trump has chosen a pro-settlement

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hardliner to be the US's next ambassador to Israel. Reuters

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reporting at the moment that the Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu's

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office in Israel, has said Israel rejects this shameful anti-Israel

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resolution at United Nations and will abide by its terms. That is one

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of the reactions that is coming out of Israel. A lot of dismay coming

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from many in Israel. They are saying this resolution is unfair. The

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energy minister reportedly said that the US abstention is not how friends

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behave. One Cabinet minister also said this vote splits in the face of

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Donald Trump. We will confirm that if we can.

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Let's move on. In Germany, the interior minister says that the

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threat to his country is still high today, despite the killing of the

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prime suspect in the burning Christmas market attack. Anis Amri

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was shot dead by Italian police in the early hours of Friday. Security

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officials are now trying to work out how he ended up in Milan. And he was

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linked to. At three in the morning, acting

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suspiciously, he was stopped by two officers and tried to shoot them. At

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that moment, the man, without hesitating, pulled out a pistol and

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fired. It was towards the policeman who would ask for identity

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documents. The officers reacted immediately. The one who was hit is

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recovering in hospital. And this has just been released by the so-called

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Islamic State, a recording made in Berlin by Anis Amri, sometime before

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the attack. He is pledging his allegiance. It is now believed the

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24-year-old true busy and they had been radicalised after he arrived in

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Europe. -- Tunisian. German security services knew he was a threat but he

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talked about buying guns, not using a truck. So how did he get all the

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way to Italy? This is what we know that his movements. At 8pm on

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Monday, he attacked the Christmas market and that he vanished but

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managed to get to France. From there, a train ticket found on his

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body showed he travelled to Turin and onto Milan Central Station,

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arriving at one in the morning. Finally, he took the Metro to the

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last stop, where he was shot. At the end of this week, we can be relieved

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that one acute threat has come to an end but the general threat posed by

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terrorism will continue. We will do our utmost to make sure our state is

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a strong state. So Jimmy is now trying to root out radical Islamic

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networks. We visited this place today, a short distance from where

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Anis Amri's new video was recorded. This is one of the places Anis Amri

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was known to frequent in the months when he was in Berlin. It is a

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residential complex that the reason he would come here, what used to be

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a mosque. It was closed down and became a meeting point for radical

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Islamist 's. One of the neighbours told us small groups of young

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Islamic men continued to use the building. They would meet late at

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night, apparently discussing attacks. Of course it was dangerous.

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When the men sit here and fantasise about carrying out attacks, yes, I

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was worried. I -- my children and family lived here. With the

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immediate danger apparently over, Berliners gathered for a memorial

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this evening, by the Brandenburg gate. No matter what, we are all

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one. One of the people are coming together and thinking of the

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victims. Billing people... Germany is a country now confronting the

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reality it faces new and hidden threats.

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Let's speak to major Chapman, a former head of counterterrorism at

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the Ministry of Defence in the UK. Thanks for joining us. We've seen so

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many security problems in the last year or so in Europe. Looking at

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what has happened here, with so many apparent failures, what lessons need

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to be learned? Firstly, the relationship between the security

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services and the police. You can say there was an organisational failure.

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They need to look at the relationship between the state and

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federal system. Second, they need to look at their technical aspects. The

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UK would use intercepts and things like that. Thirdly, they will have

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to look at their procedure all sides. How do you secure a border if

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necessary in an emergency. Lastly, the human element. For example in

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the UK, we rolled out a project, first used during the Commonwealth

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Games, which uses the data and the psychology of crowds to pre-empt

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these things. Of course, you also have the larger question of the

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Schengen agreement in the sense of how he got to Italy, via France. If

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you want an integrated Europe, then Schengen is a good thing. On an

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economic level, if you want a free flow of good and trade, it's a good

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thing. On a security level, if you want to contain, it's a bad thing.

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It's something they will be looking at both in Germany and the wider

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European community in the future. Picking up on that final point,

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because it's politically so controversial, is there a way of

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allowing some freedom of movement whilst massively beefing up

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security. All of us have travelled across Europe with virtually no

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checks. It's a difficult one. You are trapped on a second by second

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basis with the things you carry. A mobile phone is unintrusive

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surveillance device. We have more CCTV, automatic number plate

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readers, things like that, which enable the security services to be

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effective in the UK. But freedom of movement without some sort of checks

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can open you up. There is a trade-off. There are only 151 people

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killed in Europe last year and in numerical terms, is not a great

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threat. We have to be careful that we don't outsize the threat. That is

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exactly what ISR trying to do. They are trying to make themselves a

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strategic player. The numbers might not be high but the change to

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everyone's expectation about what it means to live in a western democracy

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is massive, isn't it? Politicians have to react. Do we need more

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money? There is no such thing as absolute security is you have to

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look at what resources you want to apply in the appropriate place.

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Without over egging the thread. You can securitise everything but if you

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securitise everything, it becomes a great bill. The Americans had ?1

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trillion after 911 for something which only killed, killed 3000

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people, but in terms of the amount of money for the payoff, that is

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probably inappropriate. Now, politicians can't say that because

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if you say that as a politician, it's deemed to be a gaffe.

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Thank you for your time. Back to our top story. Developments at the

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United Nations, that resolution that has angered Israel so much on

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settlement building. You can speak to our correspondent who is in

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Washington. We are getting a lot of reaction. Bring us up-to-date. The

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White House defending its decision to abstain, even though Mr Netanyahu

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said they are going to ignore this resolution.

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Mr Netanyahu has come out with a strong statement saying that this is

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a shameful anti-Israeli resolution. Israel will not abide by its terms.

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He said that the Obama administration not only failed to

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protect Israel against countries ganging up on Israel at the UN but

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colluded with it behind the scenes and then he said Israel looks

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forward to working with Donald Trump, who has signalled a different

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approach. The Americans, the ambassador at the UN, did say that

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they were not happy with every word in the resolution. She talked about

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the way they are uncomfortable about criticising Israel at the UN because

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they do believe it's a venue which is biased against Israel. But she

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said the continued settlement building in the West Bank and East

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Jerusalem is happening at such a pace that it really was making a

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solution to the conflict unviable and therefore the Americans felt

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that they had to withhold their veto this time. She said one cannot

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simultaneously championed Israeli settlements and a stew is two state

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solution. So the Obama administration put its mark down on

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that. It's the very end of the Obama

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presidency and Donald Trump is going to ignore this, as are the Israelis.

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It is not insignificant. To have the US reverse its long-standing

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practice of protecting the EU Israel at the Security Council is a big

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deal. To the Israelis, they can fight. This isolates them. It's one

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of the main reasons they fought so hard. It's also a strong statement

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of international consensus that the Israeli settlements in the pub

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Palestinian territories are illegal and they threaten a two state

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solution. It refutes Israel's argument is that what they are doing

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is legal and the status of this territory needs to be settled. You

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are right. It comes at the end of Obama's administration. If we had

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done so earlier on, it could possibly have had more impact. Now,

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the impact will be largely symbolic because Mr Netanyahu said clearly

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that the Israelis will not implement it. Mr Obama's successor, Donald

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Trump, has signalled that he will be supportive of the right-wing Israeli

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government. Retweeted things will be different after January 20 which is

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when he takes office. It's a diplomatic earthquake in some ways

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but the impact on the ground, at least initially, will not be felt.

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The hijacking of a Libyan plane to Malta has ended peacefully. The two

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men who seized control free to those on board and then surrendered to the

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authorities. The domestic flight was hijacked in the morning after taking

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off from Libya. It appears the hijackers are

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supporters of the late former leader, Colonel together Ashley. The

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hijackings seems to be more of a political stunt than a terrorist

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incident. This had been an internal flight to Tripoli, when the Airbus

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was forced by two men on board to divert to Malta. They told crew they

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had a hand grenade and threatened to blow up the plane. Probe Gaddafi

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claims were made by the hijackers, with one appearing and waving a

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plain green flag. After hours of talks, the promise was given to free

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those on board, if unspecified demands were met. Passengers were

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then taken away, with the flight attendants following. They were

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asked to surrender any weapons. They were found to be in possession of a

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hand grenade and a pistol. Nevertheless, the Armed Forces are

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currently conducting a full search on the aircraft and a second pistol

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has been found so far. The search is ongoing. The hijackers were

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apprehended on the tarmac and taken into custody. Libya has said they

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wanted to set up a probe Gaddafi political party. They will be

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wondering how the men got a grenade on the plane, even if replicas. In

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Tripoli, families are waiting for their loved ones to be flown home.

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It is evident that in Libya, airport security is as lax and chaotic as

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the country's politics. Stay with us. Much more ahead. Does

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the end of the rebel uprising in Aleppo signal a new era for Syria or

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the beginning of the end? This is BBC world News today. The UN

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Security Council backs a call for an end to illegal settlement building.

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The Israel has said it is shameful. The main suspect in the Berlin

:17:30.:17:33.

market attack is shot dead but Germany is still on a state of high

:17:34.:17:38.

alert. President Putin has called for a

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nationwide ceasefire in Syria, now that government forces have fully

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taken control of the city of Aleppo. The final lap took place last night,

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with the biggest victory for Bashar Al-Assad says the uprising began

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five years ago. Jeremy Bowen looks at the significance of the victory

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and how it could now affect the course of the war.

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In western Aleppo, Christmas party became a victory celebration. It was

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watched over by banners of Syria's three wise men, President Putin and

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president at Assad and the leader of Lebanon's Hezbollah movement. The

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regime's supporters underestimated in the West End there was relief

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that the killing might be open -- over. The last buses out of Aleppo

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delivered thousands of fighters and civilians into an uncertain future.

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The fall of eastern Aleppo is the rebel's greatest defeat and shows

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how the orders now been decided by the foreign powers that have

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intervened. So, what is next? President Assad and his allies have

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won themselves some options. Their victory does not end the war.

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Thousands of rebel fighters have been bussed out to a deliberate, the

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neighbouring province. The regime and its allies will want to win it

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back. The question is when. They might decide to make eastern... It's

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part of the suburbs of Damascus. It is vulnerable because rebel groups

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have weakened themselves by infighting. Foreign powers are

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shaping the battlefields. Turkey has troops fighting in Syria and backed

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some of the rebel groups. But it watched whilst Rob Russia destroyed

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them. That's because Turkey needs Russia to stand aside while its hits

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the Kurds. While East Aleppo fell, the West was also a bystander and

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that is because the Syria policy of the Americans, British and their

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friends never coherent, has now failed completely. Last week, the

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British and American defence secretaries fell back on old

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slogans, not credible, as the Syrian regime scored its biggest victory of

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the war so far. We don't see a future for president Assad in Syria,

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even if he defeats the opposition in Aleppo. Aleppo though looks to be a

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turning point. Tonight, Britain's Foreign Secretary said president

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Assad must go. But the downfall of the President looks like a hollow

:20:29.:20:33.

dream. Diplomacy hasn't done it. Early in the war, there was a chance

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to make it happen by joining the fight but that chance has gone while

:20:38.:20:42.

President Assad remains Russia's and Iran's man. It won't be easy for his

:20:43.:20:48.

coalition to move from Aleppo to victory in Syria but now, they have

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the momentum. Let's catch up with the sport. My

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children are still celebrating the Indian cricket victory this week.

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We have moved on. It's all about football now. That was a fantastic

:21:10.:21:13.

victory for India. We will start with football this evening. Some ala

:21:14.:21:19.

dices the new manager at Crystal Palace. He signed a two and a half

:21:20.:21:25.

year deal. Alan Pardew was sacked 24 hours ago. Palace say they are

:21:26.:21:31.

fortunate that someone of his calibre and experience was

:21:32.:21:36.

available. He was sacked by England after one day in charge but as a

:21:37.:21:42.

club manager, he has never been relegated and he pleased to be back.

:21:43.:21:48.

As difficult as it is, as pressurised as it is, it is where

:21:49.:21:53.

I've been comfortable for many years and you generally get a new job

:21:54.:21:58.

because there are if you difficult is at the club. I also those

:21:59.:22:03.

difficulties ahead and try and get a few more results on the board,

:22:04.:22:07.

particularly over Christmas and New Year, to make everybody feel a bit

:22:08.:22:12.

more comfortable. Chelsea's O is leaving Stamford

:22:13.:22:18.

Bridge for Shanghai SIP GeForce 60000000 pounds, that's about $74

:22:19.:22:24.

million. That's the seventh most expensive player of all-time. The

:22:25.:22:27.

25-year-old Brazilian will earn ?400,000 a week.

:22:28.:22:38.

Two-time Wimbledon champion Kavita verse said moving her fingers again

:22:39.:22:43.

was the best Christmas present she could have wished for. She has left

:22:44.:22:53.

hospital following surgery. There is some flash photography in this

:22:54.:22:57.

report. The smallest of smiles after the

:22:58.:23:01.

most terrifying of traumas. Bearing the scars from her ordeal, she today

:23:02.:23:06.

addressed the public for the first time since the knife attack that

:23:07.:23:10.

could have cost her her career and nearly cost her so much more. I am

:23:11.:23:14.

happy to tell you that I'm feeling well. My team have provided amazing

:23:15.:23:29.

support in this difficult situation. Howard to thank each and every one

:23:30.:23:35.

of them for the important part they played.

:23:36.:23:42.

She was attacked by an intruder wielding a knife. She suffered

:23:43.:23:47.

lacerations to her playing hand. A day later, she underwent surgery.

:23:48.:23:53.

Her resolve has been unbroken. I will use my energy to focus on my

:23:54.:24:02.

recovery. I will do everything I can to return to the sport I love as

:24:03.:24:06.

soon as possible. She is one of the poster girls of world tennis. At 26,

:24:07.:24:12.

in the prime of her career. The world number 11 has twice won

:24:13.:24:19.

Wimbledon, two of 19 career titles. For now, her victories are on a

:24:20.:24:25.

victory -- different scale. Yesterday morning, during a session

:24:26.:24:29.

with a doctor, I was able to move my fingers on my left hand and this was

:24:30.:24:35.

the grace -- greatest Christmas present I could have wished for. The

:24:36.:24:40.

surgeon says she will not be able to pick up a racket for three months.

:24:41.:24:45.

This will be the year we will see the fighter that we've never seen

:24:46.:24:50.

before. The International Olympic Committee

:24:51.:24:55.

has opened disciplinary proceedings against 28 Russian athletes who

:24:56.:25:01.

competed in Sochi. Evidence emerged earlier this month of manipulation

:25:02.:25:06.

of athletes you're in tests during the 2014 Winter games. Russia has

:25:07.:25:11.

also lost two more major events following the accusations of

:25:12.:25:14.

state-sponsored doping is. The World Cup by a fan speed skating will be

:25:15.:25:18.

held elsewhere. That is all your sport.

:25:19.:25:23.

He has made his list, he's checked it twice and we can now report that

:25:24.:25:28.

Father Christmas has officially left that planned to begin his

:25:29.:25:33.

deliveries. He has been ably assisted by two reindeer. He left

:25:34.:25:37.

his grotto in northern Finland with a sack full of presents. According

:25:38.:25:42.

to the military organisation which tracks is Jenny, the sleigh weighs

:25:43.:25:48.

75,000 gumdrops and can travel faster than starlight. Reports

:25:49.:25:52.

suggest that also on board is a sack full of twigs from naughty children.

:25:53.:25:56.

Have a lovely Christmas weekend. Goodbye.

:25:57.:26:01.

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