06/01/2017 World News Today


06/01/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Reged Ahmad.

:00:00.:00:07.

The headlines: America's top intelligence chiefs are briefing

:00:08.:00:10.

President-elect Donald Trump on claims of Russian hacking.

:00:11.:00:16.

But before the meeting, Mr Trump told the New York Times

:00:17.:00:18.

that the investigation was a witch hunt carried out by his

:00:19.:00:21.

Gunmen opened fire in Fort Lauderdale.

:00:22.:00:37.

Sending a message: Michelle Obama gives an emotional last

:00:38.:00:39.

speech as First Lady, saying the country belongs

:00:40.:00:41.

to the young, regardless of their background.

:00:42.:00:43.

If you or your parents are immigrants, you are proud part of

:00:44.:00:53.

their tradition, an infusion of cultures, talents, and I is in

:00:54.:00:56.

generation after innovation. Also coming up: An iceberg five

:00:57.:01:00.

times the size of Manhattan is close to breaking away

:01:01.:01:02.

from the Antarctic ice shelf. Donald Trump has described

:01:03.:01:21.

allegations that Russia interfered in the American presidential

:01:22.:01:23.

election as part of a witch hunt The president-elect was speaking

:01:24.:01:26.

to the New York Times ahead of a briefing by top US intelligence

:01:27.:01:32.

officials on Russian cyber-attacks. That briefing is taking place about

:01:33.:01:37.

now at Trump Tower in New York - this was Mike Pence,

:01:38.:01:41.

vice-president elect The heads of the CIA,

:01:42.:01:43.

FBI and National Intelligence insist the Kremlin ordered a cyber attack

:01:44.:01:50.

to help Mr Trump's campaign. He has repeatedly cast

:01:51.:01:53.

doubt on those claims. Ahead of the meeting,

:01:54.:01:55.

CIA Director, John Brennan, said he was looking forward

:01:56.:01:58.

to the encounter. I am hoping that he will be

:01:59.:02:13.

respectful to the profession, respectful towards the intelligence

:02:14.:02:15.

community and I am looking forward to a rather throw but, if not

:02:16.:02:18.

sporting, discussion on this issue. Our north America correspondent

:02:19.:02:22.

Nick Bryant has more. Did a cyber attack on America

:02:23.:02:26.

organised by Vladimir Putin help put US intelligence can't say

:02:27.:02:29.

whether votes were changed or opinions altered

:02:30.:02:34.

but they are convinced Russia wanted the billionaire to win and conducted

:02:35.:02:36.

a multifaceted cyber campaign using hacking, propaganda and fake

:02:37.:02:38.

news to boost his chances It wasn't just the billionaire who

:02:39.:02:41.

celebrated his unexpected victory, Intercepted conversations reportedly

:02:42.:02:48.

picked up senior figures in the Russian government rejoicing,

:02:49.:02:54.

too, among them officials said to be Donald Trump will be told

:02:55.:02:57.

by America's intelligence chiefs that the Russians tried much harder

:02:58.:03:04.

to hack the computers of the Democratic National Committee

:03:05.:03:07.

than those at Republican headquarters, and also that

:03:08.:03:10.

go-betweens have been identified who allegedly handed stolen e-mails

:03:11.:03:13.

to the website WikiLeaks. Details from the classified report

:03:14.:03:16.

were leaked to NBC News, Did a cyber attack on America

:03:17.:03:22.

organised by Vladimir Putin help put Details from the classified report

:03:23.:03:36.

were leaked to NBC News, "How did NBC get an exclusive

:03:37.:03:38.

look into the top-secret Vice President Joe Biden said it was

:03:39.:03:42.

time for Donald Trump to grow up. The idea that you know more

:03:43.:03:57.

than the intelligence community knows, is something like saying

:03:58.:04:05.

"I know more about physics Time to be an adult.

:04:06.:04:10.

You are President. Donald Trump this morning complained

:04:11.:04:21.

of a political witchhunt, and his spokesman said he is right

:04:22.:04:23.

to be cautious. The President-elect has a healthy

:04:24.:04:25.

scepticism of everything, People need to know that

:04:26.:04:28.

when decisions are made, we've seen in the past that a rush

:04:29.:04:32.

to judgment is not in This morning Donald Trump got

:04:33.:04:35.

into an online dispute with Arnold Schwarzenegger over

:04:36.:04:39.

ratings for the TV And so he continues

:04:40.:04:42.

with his unconventional journey to the White House,

:04:43.:04:46.

but troubled by that nagging question, did Russia

:04:47.:04:49.

help him on his way? Let's speak to our correspondent

:04:50.:04:51.

Aleem Maqbool, who's Our correspondent is in Washington.

:04:52.:05:07.

You have been speaking to John Kerry. He has something to say about

:05:08.:05:11.

these claims from Donald Trump that this focus on Russian hacking

:05:12.:05:17.

amounts to a witchhunt? Yes, I spoke to secretary Kerry before Donald

:05:18.:05:21.

Trump was briefed by the intelligence service. Just after

:05:22.:05:26.

Donald Trump said he thought the focus on Russian hacking amounted to

:05:27.:05:32.

a witchhunt, I asked Secretary Kerry Wattie of those remarks.

:05:33.:05:36.

We have an extraordinary have professional intelligence community.

:05:37.:05:38.

The men and women who work every day to give us information

:05:39.:05:41.

And some of them sometimes have many different ways of doing things

:05:42.:05:46.

In order that we can be informed and make decisions,

:05:47.:05:51.

I think DNI Clapper could not have spoken more clearly about it,

:05:52.:05:54.

he said that healthy scepticism is a good thing,

:05:55.:05:57.

And he felt it fell on the side of disparagement.

:05:58.:06:01.

So, I think he has spoken for this administration

:06:02.:06:03.

There has also been friction with the administration and Theresa May.

:06:04.:06:22.

This is very interesting. After secretary Kerry last week gave a

:06:23.:06:26.

tough speech criticising Israeli settlement building in the occupied

:06:27.:06:29.

territories, quite unusually, the British Prime Minister Theresa May

:06:30.:06:35.

put out a statement criticising, effectively, the speech. In all the

:06:36.:06:40.

time I have been covering American politics, which is a long time,

:06:41.:06:43.

almost 16 years, I have never heard of British Prime Minister be that

:06:44.:06:48.

critical in public of an American Foreign Secretary. So I asked John

:06:49.:06:52.

Kerry what he made of this criticism from such a key ally. I'm very

:06:53.:07:00.

gratified by the support I received from members in the Arab world, and

:07:01.:07:07.

Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and others, expressed support for

:07:08.:07:12.

the principles which I laid out, which by the way are very much alike

:07:13.:07:18.

with what Great Britain believes would bring about a solution in

:07:19.:07:25.

Middle Eastern peace. I stand by it. I believe the speech was honest, I

:07:26.:07:31.

think it was very much spoken as a friend of Israel, but also as a

:07:32.:07:39.

friend of the region and one that recognises it is heading in a

:07:40.:07:41.

dangerous direction if we don't resolve this problem. Were you

:07:42.:07:46.

surprised by promised a pot-macro reaction? An honest answer is yes

:07:47.:07:54.

but I am not going to get into it. We move on. I did ask him whether he

:07:55.:08:01.

thought this was something of the Donald Trump affect, perhaps the

:08:02.:08:05.

British by Minister has been trying to align herself more closely with

:08:06.:08:09.

the incoming American president double trouble, who has taken a

:08:10.:08:15.

tougher stand in favour of Israeli issues, but he said was up to me to

:08:16.:08:30.

speculate on that question. US media are reporting a shooting in Florida.

:08:31.:08:36.

The sheriffs office has been quoted as saying several people have been

:08:37.:08:40.

killed and nine have been wounded and the shooter is in police

:08:41.:08:43.

custody. You can see these live pictures. It was at the airport. It

:08:44.:08:48.

is believed the shooter acted alone. It is an ongoing incident at the

:08:49.:08:55.

baggage claim area in terminal two. We hope to speak to our

:08:56.:08:59.

correspondent shortly to get more on the news.

:09:00.:09:04.

Michelle Obama has delivered her final speech as First Lady

:09:05.:09:06.

of the United States with an impassioned call

:09:07.:09:08.

on young people to have hope and fight for their rights.

:09:09.:09:11.

Speaking at a ceremony in the White House to honour

:09:12.:09:13.

American school counsellors, Mrs Obama told young people

:09:14.:09:15.

to empower themselves with a good education and lead by example.

:09:16.:09:18.

She concluded tearfully by saying that being First Lady had the been

:09:19.:09:20.

Npower yourselves with the good education, then get out there and

:09:21.:09:43.

use that education. Lead by example with hope. And never fear. And note

:09:44.:09:48.

that I will be rooting for you can supporting new for the rest of my

:09:49.:09:52.

life. And that is true I know full every person who is here today, and

:09:53.:09:59.

for educators across this nation who get up every day and work their

:10:00.:10:02.

hearts out to lift up our young people. And I am so grateful to all

:10:03.:10:08.

of you for your passion and your dedication and all the hard work, on

:10:09.:10:13.

behalf of our next generation, and I can think of no better way than to

:10:14.:10:18.

end my time as First Lady than to celebrate all of you. So, I want to

:10:19.:10:24.

close today by saying thank you. And queue for everything you do for our

:10:25.:10:30.

kids and for our come to. Being your First Lady has been the greatest

:10:31.:10:33.

honour of my life. And I feel proud. Russia says its aircraft carrier,

:10:34.:10:40.

the Admiral Kuznetsov is to come home

:10:41.:10:50.

from the Mediterranean, where it's been involved

:10:51.:10:52.

in military action in Syria. The vessel's return is to be part

:10:53.:10:54.

of a wider scaling back of Russia's Forces backing Moscow's ally,

:10:55.:10:57.

President Bashar al-Assad recently won a significant victory

:10:58.:11:00.

in the battle for Aleppo. Russian military forces have played

:11:01.:11:10.

it he wrote in this war, providing support to the Syrian regime. So

:11:11.:11:16.

much so that Moscow is credited with helping turn the tide in favour of

:11:17.:11:21.

its ally, the Syrian president Bashar al-Assad but a week or so

:11:22.:11:27.

ago, Vladimir Putin announced a partial pull out of its forces in

:11:28.:11:31.

light of the ceasefire that Russia helped to broker, despite four

:11:32.:11:38.

elections, is still holding. The Russian Foreign Ministry have said

:11:39.:11:41.

it's aircraft carrier and some small warships based in the Mediterranean

:11:42.:11:48.

would be the first to leave. Russia became significant military presence

:11:49.:11:52.

in Syria but for some this is a sign that Moscow sees the Syrian conflict

:11:53.:11:56.

is entering a new phase after helping the Syrian government take

:11:57.:12:00.

control of Aleppo and with peace talks and folate of this month. But

:12:01.:12:04.

this comes with an important caveat. It is the first time Russia has

:12:05.:12:11.

announced the withdrawal -- isn't the first time Russia has announced

:12:12.:12:15.

withdrawal from Syria, it did so in March and then went back in.

:12:16.:12:21.

Police in Bangladesh say they have killed one of the masterminds

:12:22.:12:23.

of last year's terror attack on a cafe in the capital Dhaka

:12:24.:12:26.

which left 20 hostages, mostly foreigners, dead.

:12:27.:12:28.

Nurul Islam Marzan and another suspected Islamist extremist died

:12:29.:12:30.

in a pre-dawn raid on a property in the city.

:12:31.:12:33.

The world's biggest art gallery, the Louvre in Paris,

:12:34.:12:35.

says the number of foreign visitors fell by 20% last year

:12:36.:12:38.

in the wake of Islamist attacks in the city and elsewhere in France.

:12:39.:12:42.

The director of the Louvre, Jean-Luc Martinez, said the drop

:12:43.:12:45.

in visitor numbers had cost the museum more than

:12:46.:12:49.

Other galleries in Paris also saw a decline in foreign tourists.

:12:50.:12:58.

A new documentary about David Bowie has revealed that he learned his

:12:59.:13:01.

cancer was terminal only three months before he died.

:13:02.:13:04.

The director of the Lazarus music video, which shows Bowie in a bed

:13:05.:13:08.

with his eyes bandaged, says it was not about

:13:09.:13:10.

Bowie's long-time producer also says the artist

:13:11.:13:15.

was "at the top of his game" when recording his final

:13:16.:13:17.

An iceberg a quarter of the size of Wales is close to breaking away

:13:18.:13:33.

If and when it happens, it would be one of the 10

:13:34.:13:37.

Scientists have been monitoring the break-up for months.

:13:38.:13:40.

And even though the crack in the ice shelf has got

:13:41.:13:43.

significantly worse in December, they're not blaming it

:13:44.:13:45.

on climate change, but calling it a 'natural event'.

:13:46.:13:47.

Here's our environment correspondent, Matt McGrath.

:13:48.:13:51.

Stretching for around 100 miles in length,

:13:52.:13:52.

the 100 yard wide rift in the Larsen ice shelf has grown

:13:53.:13:55.

Just 12 miles of frozen material is keeping this enormous iceberg

:13:56.:14:00.

Collapsing ice shelves are common in Antarctica.

:14:01.:14:06.

As these pictures show, these fragmentations can

:14:07.:14:08.

dramatically affect the landscape, creating icebergs of

:14:09.:14:11.

A team of British researchers have been travelling to Antarctica

:14:12.:14:20.

to monitor the growing rift in the Larsen C ice

:14:21.:14:22.

shelf for several years, but they have been surprised

:14:23.:14:24.

by the dramatic expansion in the rift that's taken place

:14:25.:14:27.

What we've found is that the rift that's been in this ice shelf

:14:28.:14:31.

for a number of years has broken through another 18 kilometres

:14:32.:14:34.

and is now at risk of giving birth to an iceberg about a quarter

:14:35.:14:37.

And the significance of that is it is a very large

:14:38.:14:43.

iceberg that will go out into the open ocean,

:14:44.:14:45.

but the remaining ice shelf we believe will be less stable

:14:46.:14:47.

When large icebergs break off the edge off an ice shelf

:14:48.:14:53.

like the Larsen B in 2002, it can have a dramatic

:14:54.:14:55.

effect on the stability of the whole structure.

:14:56.:15:00.

At Larsen B, most of the remaining shelf disintegrated

:15:01.:15:02.

Experts at the British Antarctic Survey are worried that any

:15:03.:15:06.

new iceberg formation could have long-term consequences.

:15:07.:15:09.

When the ice shelf loses this ice, it may then start to collapse

:15:10.:15:13.

and if that were to occur, then the glaciers that feed the ice

:15:14.:15:19.

shelf could flow faster and contribute more to sea-level

:15:20.:15:22.

When it shears away, the new iceberg will be one

:15:23.:15:28.

of the biggest recorded - around 50 times the size

:15:29.:15:31.

But despite concerns about the impact of global warning,

:15:32.:15:35.

researchers they receive no evidence evidence that climate change

:15:36.:15:38.

is playing any significant role in the new iceberg's formation.

:15:39.:15:45.

Dr Anna Hogg is a researcher at Leeds University who uses

:15:46.:15:48.

satellite technology to study ice sheets and ice shelves

:15:49.:15:50.

Thank you for the joining us. Why is this important? Why should we care

:15:51.:16:06.

about this? This is important because of the location in which the

:16:07.:16:10.

iceberg will carve off. It will carve off the Larsen C which is on

:16:11.:16:16.

the peninsular and we have seen dramatic warming in this region over

:16:17.:16:21.

the last 20 years. Iceberg calving in itself is not a direct indicator

:16:22.:16:25.

of climate change but it is important we monitor the small

:16:26.:16:29.

events in order to better understand the region. What are the

:16:30.:16:34.

consequences of this ice shelf separating? For example, for the

:16:35.:16:39.

mammals that live there? Not so much for the mammals that live there. If

:16:40.:16:43.

shipping routes were in this location, then icebergs could cause

:16:44.:16:49.

problems for ships as they have to navigate around the speeches but for

:16:50.:16:54.

this iceberg that is so large, it is possible to observe this using

:16:55.:16:56.

satellites from space and therefore safely navigate the feature. In the

:16:57.:17:03.

future, it may force problems when it is in smaller pieces that are

:17:04.:17:08.

harder to spot. Once the iceberg moves away, will it melts, will we

:17:09.:17:17.

see water levels rise? The iceberg itself, it is like an ice cube in

:17:18.:17:22.

your gin and tonic, it won't directly cause sea level rise

:17:23.:17:25.

because it is already floating in the water. Typically, icebergs last

:17:26.:17:33.

many years. They melt very slowly over time so that is what we expect

:17:34.:17:37.

will happen with this iceberg, too. Can you give us a sense of how

:17:38.:17:41.

unusual an event this is? Is this something that scientists like

:17:42.:17:47.

yourselves way to many decades for? We see ice berg is carving all the

:17:48.:17:54.

time. There may be many pieces of fragments of ice that are about to

:17:55.:17:57.

or nearly calving off different glaciers. This iceberg is not unique

:17:58.:18:04.

in its calving but it is unique in the context of the size of the

:18:05.:18:10.

iceberg which is much bigger than we usually observe. Thank you.

:18:11.:18:15.

There is increasing talk about all the different ways

:18:16.:18:17.

but what about when it comes to going under the knife?

:18:18.:18:22.

Surgeons are labelling the technology a revolution

:18:23.:18:23.

for the field - as the ability to print bespoke implants gives

:18:24.:18:26.

patients quicker recovery times and a better end result.

:18:27.:18:28.

Katie Silver's been to meet someone whose face has been

:18:29.:18:31.

But, in 2011, he had an accident which tore

:18:32.:18:42.

What happened next, I slammed into a piece

:18:43.:18:50.

Not a good idea to hit something with your chin at 30 miles an hour,

:18:51.:18:56.

and a titanium metal plate to rebuild his jaw.

:18:57.:19:05.

They then covered it with a skin flap.

:19:06.:19:08.

He didn't have any bottom teeth and his new mouth was tiny.

:19:09.:19:14.

It is very difficult to speak when you have the opening

:19:15.:19:17.

at the centre in North London, Veronique and her team

:19:18.:19:22.

input George's CT scan into into a 3-D printer.

:19:23.:19:28.

This is basically an oven, filled with nitrogen and powdered nylon.

:19:29.:19:32.

It has a very hot temperature, but when the laser hits the nylon,

:19:33.:19:36.

it pushes it to the point where it melts.

:19:37.:19:38.

Here, they are making an engineering part, layer by layer.

:19:39.:19:41.

Here in the corner is a 3-D printing on George's jaw.

:19:42.:19:57.

George's doctor, Ian Hutchinson, says that 3-D printing has

:19:58.:20:00.

We use it to plan the operation, and we use it to actually design

:20:01.:20:06.

Apart from planning the operation, George's doctors also used the model

:20:07.:20:17.

to make him an implant, perfectly fitted for his new jaw.

:20:18.:20:22.

The technology has helped him maintain a sense of hope.

:20:23.:20:25.

First of all, if you know that you are going to get a solution,

:20:26.:20:31.

it means you can keep going, and second, red wine helps!

:20:32.:20:34.

And there's also that passion for cycling, which survives,

:20:35.:20:38.

in spite of everything he's been through.

:20:39.:20:51.

Let's return to the story about the shooting at Fort Lauderdale. You can

:20:52.:21:00.

see live pig just there of the emergency services. Let's go to our

:21:01.:21:06.

correspondent to tell us a little bit more, she is in Washington. What

:21:07.:21:11.

do we know best and Mark the latest we have heard is that the County

:21:12.:21:14.

Sheriff office says there are multiple dead in the shooting, we

:21:15.:21:20.

don't have the confirmed figure. Earlier, reports said nine people

:21:21.:21:23.

were injured. We are still waiting to find out what the con firmed

:21:24.:21:27.

casualty figures are. Clearly, this is a very distressing incident. It

:21:28.:21:33.

took both at Fort Lauderdale airport, in the baggage claim area.

:21:34.:21:40.

Apparently, it was a domestic flight, and the security is quite

:21:41.:21:43.

limited there, it is easier to walk in that area, easier than if you

:21:44.:21:48.

walked into the departure area for example. Somebody opened fire there.

:21:49.:21:54.

It was a lone shooter, and that person has been taken into costs are

:21:55.:21:58.

they. There is no information about whether he was acting alone. There

:21:59.:22:02.

is no information about what his motive was. Was this a vintage of

:22:03.:22:08.

crime, a personal grudge, or a terrorist act, we don't know yet

:22:09.:22:14.

what act -- motivated the shooter. The incident shot down that

:22:15.:22:19.

particular terminal. People were evacuated out onto the tarmac. We

:22:20.:22:23.

have now seen pictures of people going back into the terminal now

:22:24.:22:27.

that the shooter has been apprehended but in the operations of

:22:28.:22:30.

the airport, at least from that terminal, they are still stopped.

:22:31.:22:39.

There was a backdrop of traffic and passengers as police officers tried

:22:40.:22:41.

to figure out what happened and speak to as many passengers as they

:22:42.:22:46.

can to get details from witnesses who were resident. There is a

:22:47.:22:52.

sensitivity about incidents at Ayr ports, especially in the United

:22:53.:22:58.

States. Well, certainly there is a sensitivity about incidents at

:22:59.:23:03.

airports not only in the United States. We have security in airports

:23:04.:23:12.

since 9/11. When you go into an airport, you go through bag which

:23:13.:23:17.

checks, screenings are you go through all kinds of checks to make

:23:18.:23:20.

sure you are not carrying anything in that could be used as a weapon.

:23:21.:23:26.

But when you leave the airport, there is less security, and that is

:23:27.:23:28.

something that this attacker has taken advantage of. Of course there

:23:29.:23:34.

is a heightened alert about security threats not only at airports but in

:23:35.:23:39.

other transport areas and so on, with regards to the general fear

:23:40.:23:42.

about terrorism attacks in the last couple of years because of the

:23:43.:23:49.

anti-Isis campaign, the influence that Isis has had all other Islamic

:23:50.:23:57.

extremists have had on instigating lone wolf attacks so there is

:23:58.:24:02.

increased security because of that but it is to early to say what

:24:03.:24:08.

inspired this individual to do this shooting.

:24:09.:24:16.

Two people have been jailed in China for the defrauding people out of

:24:17.:24:24.

millions of dollars. On the face of it, quite an extraordinary is dory.

:24:25.:24:28.

It seemed like a anchor, there were tellers behind booths, in uniforms,

:24:29.:24:35.

even the slips you would expect from a Chinese national bank, except it

:24:36.:24:40.

was nothing of the sort. It was an illegal act which duped hundreds of

:24:41.:24:46.

Chinese customers and the people and planet profited around the million

:24:47.:24:51.

dollars. The two heads of this organisation have now failed in

:24:52.:24:59.

their attempt, they have been jailed for nine years and nine and a half

:25:00.:25:05.

years, respect every. You wonder how could you do this? How could you

:25:06.:25:08.

setup the building and pretend it was a bag and get away with it? They

:25:09.:25:12.

were able to do with this because it is the kind of rural body which

:25:13.:25:18.

might have had some of the similar functions of the bank, they were

:25:19.:25:22.

ordered to dodge any direct questions about whether it was

:25:23.:25:25.

really a cooperative or a bank and were telling people it was kind of

:25:26.:25:31.

the same thing, until one day, businessman tried to get his money

:25:32.:25:36.

out, wasn't able to do so, and went to the police, telling them that

:25:37.:25:43.

this looks a bit strange to me, the investigations began and the whole

:25:44.:25:48.

thing came crumbling down. That is it for now. I am on Twitter. You can

:25:49.:25:56.

get in touch with me. Also check out our website.

:25:57.:26:08.

A change in the weather as we had through to the weekend. We have lost

:26:09.:26:14.

most of the cold and frosty weather now and through the next couple of

:26:15.:26:16.

days things will

:26:17.:26:17.

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